Ms Emma Byrnes

Ms Emma Byrnes

Research Officer

College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing (Public Health)

Career Summary

Biography

Qualifications

Bachelor of Social Sciences (Hons) 2015

Master of Clinical Epidemiology (Due for completion 2022)

Expertise

Ms Byrnes has worked for the University of Newcastle since August 2016, in a variety of research rolls across various areas of public health. Ms Byrnes is currently employed as a Research Officer for the Centre for Women’s Health Research. Ms Byrnes is passionate about women’s health, with a particular focus on the impact of Family and Domestic Violence on women. In just over 5 years post-honours, Ms Byrnes is lead and co-author on 19 published manuscripts and 10 academic reports.


Qualifications

  • Bachelor of Social Science, University of Newcastle

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health
  • Women's Health

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
440509 Women's studies (incl. girls' studies) 50
420299 Epidemiology not elsewhere classified 25
420699 Public health not elsewhere classified 25
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Journal article (15 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2021 Taylor J, Fradgley EA, Clinton-McHarg T, Byrnes E, Paul CL, 'Access to support for Australian cancer caregivers: in-depth qualitative interviews exploring barriers and preferences for support', Journal of Psychosocial Oncology Research & Practice, 3 e047-e047 (2021)
DOI 10.1097/or9.0000000000000047
2021 Atorkey P, Paul C, Bonevski B, Wiggers J, Mitchell A, Byrnes E, et al., 'Uptake of proactively offered online and telephone support services targeting multiple health risk behaviors among vocational education students: Process evaluation of a cluster randomized controlled trial', Journal of Medical Internet Research, 23 (2021) [C1]

Background: A high proportion of vocational education students smoke tobacco, have inadequate nutrition (ie, low fruit and vegetable intake), drink alcohol at risky levels, or are... [more]

Background: A high proportion of vocational education students smoke tobacco, have inadequate nutrition (ie, low fruit and vegetable intake), drink alcohol at risky levels, or are physically inactive. The extent to which vocational education students will sign up for proactively offered online and telephone support services for multiple health risk behaviors is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the uptake of proactively offered online and telephone support services for smoking, nutrition, alcohol consumption, and physical activity risk behaviors, individually and in combination, among vocational education students in the Technical and Further Education (TAFE) setting. The characteristics associated with the uptake of online or telephone services for smoking, nutrition, alcohol consumption, and physical activity risk behaviors were also examined. Methods: Vocational education students enrolled in a TAFE class in New South Wales, Australia, which ran for 6 months or more, were recruited to participate in a cluster randomized controlled trial from May 2018 to May 2019. In the intervention arm, participants who did not meet the Australian health guidelines for each of the smoking, nutrition, alcohol consumption, and physical activity risk behaviors were provided electronic feedback and proactively offered online and telephone support services. Uptake of support was measured by whether participants signed up for the online and telephone services they were offered. Results: Vocational education students (N=551; mean age 25.7 years, SD 11.1; 310/551, 56.3% male) were recruited into the intervention arm. Uptake of the proactive offer of either online or telephone services was 14.5% (59/406) for fruit and vegetables, 12.7% (29/228) for physical activity, 6.8% (13/191) for smoking, and 5.5% (18/327) for alcohol use. Uptake of any online or telephone service for at least two health behaviors was 5.8% (22/377). Participants who were employed (odds ratio [OR] 0.10, 95% CI 0.01-0.72) and reported not being anxious (OR 0.11, 95% CI 0.02-0.71) had smaller odds of signing up for online or telephone services for smoking, whereas participants who reported not being depressed had greater odds (OR 10.25, 95% CI 1.30-80.67). Participants who intended to change their physical activity in the next 30 days had greater odds (OR 4.01, 95% CI 1.33-12.07) of signing up for online or telephone services for physical activity. Employed participants had smaller odds (OR 0.18, 95% CI 0.06-0.56) of signing up for support services for at least two behaviors. Conclusions: Although the uptake of proactively offered online and telephone support services is low, these rates appear to be higher than the self-initiated use of some of these services in the general population. Scaling up the proactive offer of online and telephone services may produce beneficial health outcomes.

DOI 10.2196/19737
Co-authors Flora Tzelepis, Chris Paul, Prince Atorkey Uon, John Wiggers, Billie Bonevski
2021 Atorkey P, Paul C, Wiggers J, Bonevski B, Nolan E, Oldmeadow C, et al., 'Clustering of multiple health-risk factors among vocational education students: a latent class analysis.', Transl Behav Med, (2021)
DOI 10.1093/tbm/ibab068
Co-authors Prince Atorkey Uon, Chris Paul, Flora Tzelepis, Billie Bonevski, John Wiggers, Christopher Oldmeadow
2021 Byaruhanga J, Paul CL, Wiggers J, Byrnes E, Mitchell A, Lecathelinais C, et al., 'The short-term effectiveness of real-time video counselling on smoking cessation among residents in rural and remote areas: An interim analysis of a randomised trial', Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 131 (2021) [C1]

Background: Real-time video counselling for smoking cessation uses readily accessible software (e.g. Skype). This study aimed to assess the short-term effectiveness of real-time v... [more]

Background: Real-time video counselling for smoking cessation uses readily accessible software (e.g. Skype). This study aimed to assess the short-term effectiveness of real-time video counselling compared to telephone counselling or written materials (minimal intervention control) on smoking cessation and quit attempts among rural and remote residents. Methods: An interim analysis of a three-arm, parallel group randomised trial with participants (n = 655) randomly allocated to; 1) real-time video counselling; 2) telephone counselling; or 3) written materials only (minimal intervention control). Participants were daily tobacco users aged 18 years or older residing in rural or remote areas of New South Wales, Australia. Video and telephone counselling conditions offered up to six counselling sessions while those in the minimal intervention control condition were mailed written materials. The study measured seven-day point prevalence abstinence, prolonged abstinence and quit attempts at 4-months post-baseline. Results: Video counselling participants were significantly more likely than the minimal intervention control group to achieve 7-day point prevalence abstinence at 4-months (18.9% vs 8.9%, OR = 2.39 (1.34¿4.26), p = 0.003), but the video (18.9%) and telephone (12.7%) counselling conditions did not differ significantly for 7-day point prevalence abstinence. The video counselling and minimal intervention control groups or video counselling and telephone counselling groups did not differ significantly for three-month prolonged abstinence or quit attempts. Conclusion: Given video counselling may increase cessation rates at 4 months post-baseline, quitlines and other smoking cessation services may consider integrating video counselling into their routine practices as a further mode of cessation care delivery. Trial registration: www.anzctr.org.au ACTRN12617000514303.

DOI 10.1016/j.jsat.2021.108448
Co-authors Chris Paul, Flora Tzelepis, John Wiggers, Jenny Bowman
2021 Taylor J, Fradgley E, Clinton-McHarg T, Byrnes E, Paul C, 'What are the sources of distress in a range of cancer caregivers? A qualitative study', Supportive Care in Cancer, 29 2443-2453 (2021) [C1]

Purpose: Caring for a person diagnosed with cancer is associated with elevated distress that may impact on caregiver health and patient outcomes. However, caregivers¿ distress is ... [more]

Purpose: Caring for a person diagnosed with cancer is associated with elevated distress that may impact on caregiver health and patient outcomes. However, caregivers¿ distress is relatively under-researched. This Australian study explored a range of caregivers¿ reported sources of distress. Methods: The grounded theory approach informed semi-structured interviews that were conducted with a purposive and broad range sample of distressed caregivers identified through the ¿Structured Triage And Referral by Telephone¿ (START) trial. A grounded theory framework was used to generate themes with data analysed by two independent coders using the NVivo software. Results: Caregivers (n = 14) were aged from 25 to 80 years, including two bereaved caregivers. The relationships of the caregivers to the patients were as follows: partner (n = 8), parent (n = 1), child (n = 3), sibling (n = 1), and friend (n = 1). Six major themes emerged in relation to sources of distress: (1) a lack of sufficient and timely information; (2) uncertainty; (3) the role and duties of caregiving; (4) lack of family-centred services; (5) practical challenges; and (6) impact of distress. Conclusion: Caregivers face a number of specific challenges beyond those experienced by patients. It is essential to ensure that caregivers are actively well-informed and well-supported alongside the person who is diagnosed with cancer.

DOI 10.1007/s00520-020-05742-0
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 2
Co-authors Chris Paul, Elizabeth Fradgley, Tara Clinton-Mcharg
2020 Byaruhanga J, Atorkey P, McLaughlin M, Brown A, Byrnes E, Paul C, et al., 'Effectiveness of individual real-time video counseling on smoking, nutrition, alcohol, physical activity, and obesity health risks: Systematic review', Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22 1-17 (2020) [C1]
DOI 10.2196/18621
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 8
Co-authors John Wiggers, Chris Paul, Prince Atorkey Uon, Matthew Mclaughlin Mc, Flora Tzelepis
2020 Fradgley EA, Byrnes E, McCarter K, Rankin N, Britton B, Clover K, et al., 'A cross-sectional audit of current practices and areas for improvement of distress screening and management in Australian cancer services: is there a will and a way to improve?', Supportive Care in Cancer, 28 249-259 (2020) [C1]

Background: It is unknown how many distressed patients receive the additional supportive care recommended by Australian evidence-based distress management guidelines. The study id... [more]

Background: It is unknown how many distressed patients receive the additional supportive care recommended by Australian evidence-based distress management guidelines. The study identifies the (1) distress screening practices of Australian cancer services; (2) barriers to improving practices; and (3) implementation strategies which are acceptable to service representatives interested in improving screening practices. Method: Clinic leads from 220 cancer services were asked to nominate an individual involved in daily patient care to complete a cross-sectional survey on behalf of the service. Questions related to service characteristics; screening and management processes; and implementation barriers. Respondents indicated which implementation strategies were suitable for their health service. Results: A total of 122 representatives participated from 83 services (51%). The majority of respondents were specialist nurses or unit managers (60%). Approximately 38% of representatives¿ services never or rarely screen; 52% who screen do so for all patients; 55% use clinical interviewing only; and 34% follow referral protocols. The most common perceived barriers were resources to action screening results (74%); lack of time (67%); and lack of staff training (66%). Approximately 65% of representatives were interested in improving practices. Of the 8 implementation strategies, workshops (85%) and educational materials (69%) were commonly selected. Over half (59%) indicated a multicomponent implementation program was preferable. Conclusions: Although critical gaps across all guideline components were reported, there is a broad support for screening and willingness to improve. Potential improvements include additional services to manage problems identified by screening, more staff time for screening, additional staff training, and use of patient-report measures.

DOI 10.1007/s00520-019-04801-5
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 6
Co-authors Gregory Carter, Benjamin Britton, Chris Paul, Kristen Mccarter, Elizabeth Fradgley
2020 Byaruhanga J, Paul CL, Wiggers J, Byrnes E, Mitchell A, Lecathelinais C, Tzelepis F, 'Connectivity of Real-Time Video Counselling Versus Telephone Counselling for Smoking Cessation in Rural and Remote Areas: An Exploratory Study', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 17 (2020) [C1]
DOI 10.3390/ijerph17082891
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Flora Tzelepis, Chris Paul, John Wiggers
2020 Byaruhanga J, Wiggers J, Paul CL, Byrnes E, Mitchell A, Lecathelinais C, Tzelepis F, 'Acceptability of real-time video counselling compared to other behavioural interventions for smoking cessation in rural and remote areas', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 217 (2020) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108296
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 1
Co-authors John Wiggers, Chris Paul, Flora Tzelepis
2019 Byaruhanga J, Tzelepis F, Paul C, Wiggers J, Byrnes E, Lecathelinais C, 'Cost Per Participant Recruited From Rural and Remote Areas Into a Smoking Cessation Trial Via Online or Traditional Strategies: Observational Study', JOURNAL OF MEDICAL INTERNET RESEARCH, 21 (2019) [C1]
DOI 10.2196/14911
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 4
Co-authors Chris Paul, John Wiggers, Flora Tzelepis
2019 Tzelepis F, Paul CL, Williams CM, Giligan C, Regan T, Daly J, et al., 'Real-time video counselling for smoking cessation', COCHRANE DATABASE OF SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS, (2019) [C1]
DOI 10.1002/14651858.CD012659.pub2
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 9
Co-authors John Wiggers, Rebecca Hodder, Chris Paul, Flora Tzelepis, Conor Gilligan, Christopher M Williams
2018 Tzelepis F, Wiggers J, Paul CL, Byaruhanga J, Byrnes E, Bowman J, et al., 'A randomised trial of real-time video counselling for smoking cessation in regional and remote locations: study protocol', CONTEMPORARY CLINICAL TRIALS, 74 70-75 (2018)
DOI 10.1016/j.cct.2018.10.001
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 4
Co-authors Rod Ling, Jenny Bowman, Andrew Searles, John Wiggers, Chris Paul, Flora Tzelepis
Carlson MA, Booth K, Byrnes E, Paul C, Fradgley EA, 'Pin-pointing service characteristics associated with implementation of evidence-based distress screening and management in australian cancer services: data from a crosssectional study', Journal of Psychosocial Oncology Research & Practice, 2 e20-e20
DOI 10.1097/or9.0000000000000020
Co-authors K Booth
Byaruhanga J, Atorkey P, McLaughlin M, Brown A, Byrnes E, Paul C, et al., 'Effectiveness of Individual Real-Time Video Counseling on Smoking, Nutrition, Alcohol, Physical Activity, and Obesity Health Risks: Systematic Review (Preprint)
DOI 10.2196/preprints.18621
Co-authors Chris Paul, Prince Atorkey Uon, John Wiggers, Matthew Mclaughlin Mc
Atorkey P, Paul C, Bonevski B, Wiggers J, Mitchell A, Byrnes E, et al., 'Uptake of Proactively Offered Online and Telephone Support Services Targeting Multiple Health Risk Behaviors Among Vocational Education Students: Process Evaluation of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (Preprint)
DOI 10.2196/preprints.19737
Co-authors Billie Bonevski, Chris Paul, Prince Atorkey Uon, John Wiggers
Show 12 more journal articles

Conference (13 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2021 Atorkey P, Paul C, Bonevski B, Wiggers J, Mitchell A, Byrnes E, et al., 'Uptake of proactively offered online and telephone support services targeting multiple health risk behaviours among vocational education students: Process evaluation of a cluster randomized trial', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE (2021)
Co-authors John Wiggers, Billie Bonevski, Flora Tzelepis, Chris Paul
2020 Taylor J, Fradgley E, Clinton-McHarg T, Byrnes E, Paul C, 'What are the sources of distress in a range of cancer caregivers? A qualitative study', ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (2020)
Co-authors Tara Clinton-Mcharg, Elizabeth Fradgley, Chris Paul
2020 Taylor J, Fradgley E, Clinton-McHarg T, Byrnes E, Paul C, 'Access to support for Australian cancer caregivers: In-depth qualitative interviews exploring barriers and preferences for support', ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (2020)
Co-authors Chris Paul, Tara Clinton-Mcharg, Elizabeth Fradgley
2019 Atorkey P, Tzelepis F, Paul C, Bonevski B, Wiggers J, Byrnes E, Mitchell A, 'Do Technical and Further Education (TAFE) Students Intend to Change Their Health Risk Behaviours?', ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (2019)
Co-authors John Wiggers, Billie Bonevski, Flora Tzelepis, Chris Paul
2019 Atorkey P, Tzelepis F, Paul C, Bonevski B, Wiggers J, Mitchell A, Byrnes E, 'Uptake of Proactively Offered Online and Telephone Interventions Targeting Health Risk Behaviours amongst Technical and Further Education (TAFE) Students', ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (2019)
Co-authors Billie Bonevski, Chris Paul, Flora Tzelepis, John Wiggers, Prince Atorkey Uon
2018 Fradgley EA, Byrnes E, Mccarter K, Britton B, Rankin N, Carter G, et al., 'A report card on Australian cancer services' distress screening and management practices: A pass mark or time to go back to school?', PSYCHO-ONCOLOGY (2018)
Co-authors Gregory Carter, Benjamin Britton, Kristen Mccarter, Elizabeth Fradgley, Chris Paul
2018 Fradgley E, Byrnes E, Rankin N, McCarter K, Britton B, Carter G, et al., 'Exploring the evidence-practice gap in distress management: Are Australian cancer services aware of and benefiting from evidence-based guidelines?', PSYCHO-ONCOLOGY (2018)
Co-authors Chris Paul, Kristen Mccarter, Benjamin Britton, Gregory Carter, Elizabeth Fradgley
2018 Tzelepis F, Paul C, Wiggers J, Byrnes E, Byaruhanga J, Mitchell A, et al., 'The Long-Term Effectiveness of Real-Time Video Counseling for Smoking Cessation among Regional and Remote Residents', ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (2018)
Citations Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Chris Paul, Jenny Bowman, John Wiggers, Flora Tzelepis
2018 Byaruhanga J, Tzelepis F, Paul C, Wiggers J, Byrnes E, Bowman J, et al., 'The Short-Term Effectiveness of Real-Time Video Counseling on Smoking Cessation Among Smokers Residing in Regional and Remote Areas', ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (2018)
Citations Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Jenny Bowman, Flora Tzelepis, Chris Paul, John Wiggers
2018 Byaruhanga J, Tzelepis F, Paul C, Wiggers J, Byrnes E, 'Online Versus Traditional Recruitment of Rural Smokers into a Cessation Trial', ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (2018)
Co-authors Flora Tzelepis, Chris Paul, John Wiggers
2018 Byaruhanga J, Tzelepis F, Paul C, Wiggers J, Byrnes E, 'Connectivity of Real-Time Video Counseling Versus Telephone Counseling for Smoking Cessation', ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (2018)
Citations Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Chris Paul, Flora Tzelepis, John Wiggers
2017 Byrnes E, Fradgley E, Paul C, Carter G, Britton B, McCarter K, Bellamy D, 'Distress Screening and Management for Australian Cancer Patients: The Evidence Practice Gap and Potential Bridges', ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (2017)
Citations Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Elizabeth Fradgley, Chris Paul, Gregory Carter, Benjamin Britton
2016 Fradgley E, Byrnes E, Paul C, Carter G, Jacobsen P, Ben B, et al., 'QUANTIFYING THE UPTAKE OF DISTRESS SCREENING AND MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES IN AUSTRALIAN CANCER SERVICES: A PROTOCOL FOR A NATIONAL CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY', ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (2016)
Co-authors Elizabeth Fradgley, Chris Paul, Gregory Carter, Kristen Mccarter
Show 10 more conferences

Report (7 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2021 Loxton D, Townsend N, Forder P, Barnes I, Byrnes E, Anderson A, et al., 'Australian women s mental health and wellbeing in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020', Australian Government National Mental Health Commission (2021)
Co-authors Peta Forder, Deborah Loxton, Natalie Townsend, Julie Byles, Amy Anderson
2021 Loxton D, Byles J, Tooth L, Barnes I, Byrnes E, Cavenagh D, et al., 'Reproductive health: Contraception, conception, and change of life Findings from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women s Health', Australian Government Department of Health (2021)
Co-authors Isabelle Barnes, Peta Forder, Melissa Harris, Deborah Loxton, Natalie Townsend, Julie Byles
2020 Loxton D, Forder P, Townsend N, Barnes I, Byrnes E, Mishra G, et al., 'Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health COVID-19 Survey, Report 4: Survey 4, 10 June 2020', Australian Government Department of Health (2020)
Co-authors Natalie Townsend, Peta Forder, Deborah Loxton, Isabelle Barnes, Julie Byles
2020 Loxton D, Forder P, Townsend N, Barnes I, Byrnes E, Mishra G, et al., 'Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health COVID-19 Survey, Report 3: Survey 3, 27 May 2020', Australian Government Department of Health (2020)
Co-authors Deborah Loxton, Isabelle Barnes, Peta Forder, Natalie Townsend, Julie Byles
2020 Loxton D, Forder P, Townsend N, Barnes I, Byrnes E, Mishra G, et al., 'Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health COVID-19 Survey, Report 2: Survey 2, 13 May 2020', Australian Government Department of Health (2020)
Co-authors Natalie Townsend, Deborah Loxton, Isabelle Barnes, Julie Byles, Peta Forder
2020 Loxton D, Forder P, Townsend N, Byrnes E, Barnes I, Cavenagh D, et al., 'Australian Longitudinal Study on Women s Health COVID-19 Survey Report 5: Survey 5, 24 June 2020', UON (2020)
Co-authors Isabelle Barnes, Peta Forder, Julie Byles, Natalie Townsend, Deborah Loxton
2020 Townsend N, Barnes I, Byrnes E, Anderson A, Lewis S, Goodwin N, et al., 'Integrated approaches for domestic and family violence, mental health issues and alcohol and other drug use', Sax Institute (2020)
Co-authors Isabelle Barnes, Nicholas Goodwin, Natalie Townsend, Deborah Loxton, Amy Anderson, Frances Kaylambkin
Show 4 more reports
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 1
Total funding $32,500

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20201 grants / $32,500

Integrated approaches for domestic and family violence, mental health issues and alcohol and other drugs misuse$32,500

Funding body: The Sax Institute

Funding body The Sax Institute
Project Team Professor Deb Loxton, Professor Nicholas Goodwin, Ms Natalie Townsend, Doctor Amy Anderson, Ms Emma Byrnes, Ms Isabelle Barnes, Professor Frances Kay-Lambkin, Suzanne Lewis
Scheme Rapid Review
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2020
Funding Finish 2020
GNo G1901421
Type Of Funding C3200 – Aust Not-for Profit
Category 3200
UON Y
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News

Quit smoking study recruiting participants in regional and remote areas

May 23, 2017

A new quit smoking study is recruiting participants in regional and remote areas of New South Wales, Australia

Ms Emma Byrnes

Positions

Research Officer
Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing
College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing

Casual Research Assistant
Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing
School of Psychological Sciences
College of Engineering, Science and Environment

Focus area

Public Health

Contact Details

Email emma.byrnes@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 40420706
Link UoN Blogs

Office

Room HMRI Level 4 - west wing
Building HMRI Building
Location John Hunter Hospital

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