Dr Kylie Wales

Dr Kylie Wales

Lecturer

School of Health Sciences

Career Summary

Biography

Kylie completed her undergraduate degree with the University of Western Sydney, graduating with first class honours and Dean’s merit list credit. After graduating Kylie went on to work in Western Sydney as a community occupational therapist with young adults with lifelong conditions. Kylie’s work predominately focused on equipment prescription, home modifications and life skills. Kylie then went on to work as a project manager for a National Health and Medical Research Council funded occupational therapy research study. Kylie’s participation in this research project highlighted the need for further investigation of the measurement of older adults’ functional ability and also how the cost of practice can be evaluated. As a result, Kylie began her PhD in 2011 with the University of Sydney and was supported with an Australian Post-Graduate Scholarship.

Kylie combined her research studies with a post-graduate teaching fellowship with the University of Sydney. During this time Kylie gained valuable experience teaching both undergraduate and masters students in the areas of equipment prescription, home modifications, falls prevention, ageing, and evidence based practice.

Kylie has also worked clinically in acute care and in community low vision and blindness services as a senior therapist.

In 2017 Kylie took up a position as lecturer and course coordinator for Practice Education in occupational therapy. Kylie remains focused on research in ageing, measurement (psychometrics) of functional ability and translational research.


Qualifications

  • Doctor of Philosophy, University of Sydney
  • Bachelor of Applied Science (Occupational Therapy), University of Western Sydney

Keywords

  • Ageing
  • Cost-effectiveness
  • Measurement
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Translational research

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
111702 Aged Health Care 40
111717 Primary Health Care 30
111708 Health and Community Services 30

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Lecturer University of Newcastle
School of Health Sciences
Australia

Teaching

Code Course Role Duration
OCCT4273 Advanced Occupational Therapy Practice
The Faculty of Health Science / The University of Newcastle / Australia
Course Coordinator 24/08/2017 - 24/09/2017
OCCT2254 Beginning Occupational Therapy Professional Practice
The Faculty of Health Science / The University of Newcastle / Australia
Course Coordinator 24/08/2017 - 24/09/2017
OCCT3161 Intermediate Occupational Therapy Professional Practice
The Faculty of Health Science / The University of Newcastle / Australia
Course Coordinator 24/08/2017 - 24/09/2017
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Chapter (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2017 Cordier R, Joosten A, Clemson L, Wales K, 'The development of occupations across the lifespan', Occupational Therapy in Australia Professional and Practice Issues, Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest 244-259 (2017)

Journal article (7 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2017 Wales K, Lannin NA, Clemson L, Cameron ID, 'Measuring functional ability in hospitalized older adults: a validation study', Disability and Rehabilitation, 1-7 (2017)

© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Purpose: To examine the internal consistency, construct validity and responsiveness of functional assessments t... [more]

© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Purpose: To examine the internal consistency, construct validity and responsiveness of functional assessments tools when used with hospitalized older adults. Materials and methods: The functional ability of 66 patients was assessed using a semi-structured interview scale (n¿=¿16 tools). The assessment of motor and process skills was administered during hospital admission and again at three months post-discharge. Results: Tools showed poor-to-excellent internal consistency (a¿=¿0.27¿0.92). Of the tools that were internally consistent, only two demonstrated change: the Groningen activity restriction scale (GARS) (smallest detectable change [SDC] 11.68, effect size -1.59) and the modified reintegration to normal living scale (SDC 7.04, effect size -1.20). Validity was supported by strong correlations between the functional independence measure¿ (FIM¿) and the GARS, FIM¿ and Sunnaas activity daily living (ADL) index. Conclusions: Findings suggest that the GARS and the modified reintegration to normal living index (mRNLI) are internally consistent, valid and responsive to change over time when applied to a sample of hospitalized older adults. Further investigation of these tools in terms of inter and intra rater reliability in clinical practice is warranted.Implications for RehabilitationTherapists and researchers need to choose standardized functional assessments carefully when working with hospitalized older adults, as not all assessments are reliable and valid in this population.The GARS and mRNLI are valid and responsive functional assessments for hospitalized older adults.Activity and participation have been viewed traditionally as only one component of function. Therapists and researchers can use standardized assessments of function that are activity or participation-based.

DOI 10.1080/09638288.2017.1323021
2016 Clemson L, Lannin NA, Wales K, Salkeld G, Rubenstein L, Gitlin L, et al., 'Occupational Therapy Predischarge Home Visits in Acute Hospital Care: A Randomized Trial', JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, 64 2019-2026 (2016)
DOI 10.1111/jgs.14287
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1
2016 Wales K, Clemson L, Lannin N, Cameron I, 'Functional Assessments Used by Occupational Therapists with Older Adults at Risk of Activity and Participation Limitations: A Systematic Review', PLOS ONE, 11 (2016)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0147980
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 3
2015 Pike S, Lannin NA, Cusick A, Wales K, Turner-Stokes L, Ashford S, 'A systematic review protocol to evaluate the psychometric properties of measures of function within adult neuro-rehabilitation', Systematic Reviews, 4 (2015)

© 2015 Pike et al. Background: Spasticity in the upper limb is common after acquired brain impairment and may have a significant impact on the ability to perform meaningful daily... [more]

© 2015 Pike et al. Background: Spasticity in the upper limb is common after acquired brain impairment and may have a significant impact on the ability to perform meaningful daily activities. Traditionally, outcome measurement in spasticity rehabilitation has focused on impairment, however, improvements in impairments do not necessarily translate to improvements in an individual's ability to perform activities or engage in life roles. There is an increasing need for outcome measures that capture change in activity performance and life participation. Methods/Design: We will conduct a systematic review of the psychometric properties of instruments used to measure upper limb functional outcomes (activity performance and participation) in patients with spasticity. Assessments (n = 27) will be identified from a recently published systematic review of assessments that measure upper limb function in neurological rehabilitation for adults with focal spasticity, and a systematic review of each assessment will then be conducted. The databases MEDLINE, CINAHL and EMBASE will be searched from inception. Search strategies will include the name of the assessment and the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) published search strategy for identifying studies of measurement properties. The methodological rigour of the testing of the psychometric quality of instruments will be undertaken using the Consensus-based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) checklist. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) definitions of impairment, activity and participation will be used for content analysis of items to determine the extent to which assessments are valid measures of activity performance and life participation. We will present a narrative synthesis on the psychometric properties and utility of all instruments and make recommendations for assessment selection in practice. Discussion: This systematic review will present a narrative synthesis on the psychometric properties and utility of assessments used to evaluate function in adults with upper limb focal spasticity. Recommendations for assessment selection in practice will be made which will aid clinicians, managers and funding bodies to select an instrument fit for purpose. Importantly, appropriate assessment selection will provide a mechanism for capturing how applicable to everyday life the outcomes from individualised rehabilitation programs for the upper limb really are.

DOI 10.1186/s13643-015-0076-5
Citations Scopus - 2
2013 Laver K, Wales K, Clemson L, 'Effectiveness of pre-discharge occupational therapy home visits has yet to be evaluated; a definitive trial is feasible and warranted', Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 60 374-375 (2013)
DOI 10.1111/1440-1630.12086
2012 Wales K, Clemson L, Lannin NA, Cameron ID, Salked G, Gitlin L, et al., 'Occupational therapy discharge planning for older adults: A protocol for a randomised trial and economic evaluation', BMC GERIATRICS, 12 (2012)
DOI 10.1186/1471-2318-12-34
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
2012 Wales K, Clemson L, Lannin NA, Cameron ID, 'Functional assessments used by occupational therapists with older adults at risk of activity and participation limitations: A systematic review and evaluation of measurement properties', Systematic Reviews, 1 (2012)

Background: Older adults experience activity and participation limitations that are associated with ageing. Activity and participation limitations affect an older adult's abi... [more]

Background: Older adults experience activity and participation limitations that are associated with ageing. Activity and participation limitations affect an older adult's ability to engage in meaningful daily activities and valued life roles. Occupational therapists provide interventions to reduce such limitations and monitor client change to ensure that interventions are effective. Client change should be measured through the use of valid and reliable assessments. Yet occupational therapists can favour the use of non-standardised assessments leading to inaccurate reflections of client change and difficulties in comparing the effectiveness of interventions. A number of reasons have been suggested as to why therapists may favour non-standardised assessments, including a lack of knowledge (of assessments and their properties) and lack of skill.Methods/design: This paper describes the systematic review protocol that will be used to identify functional assessments used in randomised trials of occupational therapy interventions for older adults (=70 years of age). Interventions will focus on enhancing functional independence for either older adults transitioning from hospital to home, or community dwelling older adults. We will search Medline, EBSCO and OTseeker using a pre-determined search strategy to identify Functional assessments. These assessments will be recorded and, in phase two, their measurement properties analysed.Discussion: This protocol provides a comprehensive guideline for conducting the proposed systematic review. The results of this systematic review will provide a thorough and unbiased identification and evaluation of measurement properties of functional assessment tools used in randomised trials to evaluate occupational therapy intervention. This information can be used to determine which assessment has superior measurement properties and will inform occupational therapy practice. © 2012 Wales et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

DOI 10.1186/2046-4053-1-45
Citations Scopus - 1
Show 4 more journal articles

Conference (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Clemson LM, Lannin N, Wales K, Gitlin LN, Rubenstein L, Cameron ID, 'DISCHARGE PLANNING UTILIZING HOME VISITS COMPARED TO IN-HOSPITAL CONSULTATION, EFFECTS ON COST UTILIZATION, FUNCTION AND PARTICIPATION: THE AUSTRALIAN HOME TRIAL', GERONTOLOGIST (2015)
2013 Clemson LM, Lannin N, Wales K, Gitlin LN, Cameron ID, Rubenstein L, 'PREPARING OLDER ADULTS FOR SSFE DISCHARGE AND RESUMPTION OF MEANINGFUL DAILY ACTIVITIES: THE HOME INTERVENTION', GERONTOLOGIST (2013)
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Dr Kylie Wales

Position

Lecturer
School of Health Sciences
Faculty of Health and Medicine

Contact Details

Email kylie.wales@newcastle.edu.au
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