Dr Julie Burrows

Dr Julie Burrows

Research Academic

University of Newcastle Department of Rural Health

Career Summary

Biography

I am a Tamworth-based Research Academic at the University of Newcastle Department of Rural Health (UONDRH). Since graduating from the University of Sheffield with a degree in Microbiology in 1989 I have gained a broad range of experience in the field of molecular microbiology, working in the veterinary, food and health domains in the both public and private sectors. In 2002 I completed my PhD studies into the molecular profiling, detection and phylogenetic analysis of bacilli found in food processing facilities before taking a break from research to spend time raising my children.

Since joining the UONDRH in 2010 I have worked on a variety of research projects. I co-ordinated a multi-centre randomised controlled trial investigating measures taken to prevent gastric aspiration during rapid sequence intubation in Emergency departments (2010-2015). I have been responsible for database management in the Gomeroi gaaynggal research program and data collection, management and analysis for the UONDRH allied health student follow-up study (2011-current). I am now the chief investigator of a research project that will track workplace outcomes for both University of Newcastle and University of New England BMed graduates.

My current research interests include health workforce recruitment and retention and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health.

Research Expertise

I am experienced in the use of molecular techniques a variety of fields; detection and typing of clinically or commercially important microorganisms, gene regulation, veterinary vaccine research. I am also experienced in database management, statistical analysis, survey design.

Collaborations

As part of my work at the University of Newcastle, I have worked in research teams with members from Hunter New England Local Health Network and the University New England. I also work as part of a multidisciplinary team based at the University of Newcastle Department of Rural Health that includes the disciplines of medicine, radiography, physiotherapy, nutrition and dietetics, pharmacy, occupational therapy, Indigenous health, speech pathology and mental health.


Qualifications

  • PhD (Agriculture), University of Sydney
  • Bachelor of Science (Honours), University of Sheffield - UK

Keywords

  • Database management
  • Health workforce
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Molecular Detection Tests
  • Molecular Typing
  • Molecular microbiology
  • Randomised Controlled trials

Languages

  • English (Fluent)

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified 70
160599 Policy and Administration not elsewhere classified 20
111701 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health 10

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Research Academic University of Newcastle
University of Newcastle Department of Rural Health
Australia

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
9/02/2010 - 31/12/2015 Research Academic University of Newcastle Department of Rural Health
Australia
4/04/2000 - 14/12/2001 Research Scientist Institute of Medical and Veterinary Science, Adelaide
Australia
20/03/1995 - 31/01/2000 Research Scientist CSIRO - Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
Food Science & Technology
2/02/1993 - 17/03/1995 Research Assistant Cyanamid Websters
Australia
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Journal article (16 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2018 Trethewy CE, Doherty SR, Burrows JM, Clausen D, 'Ideal Cricoid Pressure Is Biomechanically Impossible During Laryngoscopy', Academic Emergency Medicine, 25 94-98 (2018) [C1]

© 2017 The Authors Academic Emergency Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) Objective: This study was a prospec... [more]

© 2017 The Authors Academic Emergency Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) Objective: This study was a prospective, randomized controlled trial of rapid sequence intubation (RSI) with cricoid pressure (CP) within the emergency department (ED). The primary aim of the study was to examine the link between ideal CP and the incidence of aspiration. Method: Patients¿>¿18 years of age undergoing RSI in the ED of two hospitals in New South Wales, Australia, were randomly assigned to receive measured CP using weighing scales to target the ideal CP range (3.060¿4.075¿kg) or control CP where the weighing scales were used, but the CP operator was blinded to the amount of CP applied during the RSI. A data logger recorded all CP delivered during each RSI. Immediately after intubation, tracheal and esophageal samples were taken and underwent pepsin analysis. Results: Fifty-four RSIs were analyzed (25 measured/29 control). Macroscopic contamination of the larynx at RSI was observed in 14 patients (26%). During induction (0¿50 seconds), both groups delivered in-range CP. During intubation (51¿223 seconds), laryngoscopy was associated with a reduction in mean CP below 3.060 kg in both groups. When compared, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups. For 11 patients, pepsin was detected in the oropharyngeal sample, while three were positive for tracheal pepsin. Seven patients (four control/three measured) were treated for clinical aspiration during hospitalization. As a result of the finding that neither group could maintain ideal range CP during laryngoscopy, the trial was abandoned. Conclusion: Laryngoscopy provides a counter force to CP, which is negated to facilitate tracheal intubation. The concept that a static 3.060 to 4.075¿kg CP could be maintained during laryngoscopy and intubation was rejected by our study. Whether a lower CP range could prevent aspiration during RSI was not explored by this study.

DOI 10.1111/acem.13326
2018 May J, Brown LJ, Burrows J, 'In-Place Training: Optimizing Rural Health Workforce Outcomes through Rural-Based Education in Australia', Education Sciences, 8 1-9 (2018) [C1]
DOI 10.3390/educsci8010020
Co-authors Leanne Brown, Jennifer May
2017 Brown L, Smith T, Wakely L, Wolfgang R, Little A, Burrows J, 'Longitudinal tracking of workplace outcomes for undergraduate allied health students undertaking placements in Rural Australia', Journal of Allied Health, 46 79-87 (2017) [C1]
Co-authors Leanne Brown, Luke Wakely, Alexandra Little, Tony Smith, Rebecca Wolfgang
2017 Brown LJ, Smith A, Wakely L, Little A, Wolfgang R, Burrows J, 'Preparing graduates to meet the allied health workforce needs in rural Australia: Short-term outcomes from a longitudinal study', Education Sciences, 7 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.3390/educsci7020064
Co-authors Tony Smith, Rebecca Wolfgang, Alexandra Little, Leanne Brown, Luke Wakely
2017 Mah B, Weatherall L, Burrows J, Blackwell CC, Gwynn J, Wadhwa P, et al., 'Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in pregnant Australian Indigenous women residing in rural and remote New South Wales: A cross-sectional descriptive study', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 57 520-525 (2017) [C1]

© 2017 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Background: Pregnancy can be a stressful time for many women. There is ample evidence of nu... [more]

© 2017 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Background: Pregnancy can be a stressful time for many women. There is ample evidence of numerous physical and mental health inequities for Indigenous Australians. For those Indigenous women who are pregnant, it is established that there is a higher incidence of poor physical perinatal outcomes when compared with non-Indigenous Australians. However, little evidence exists that examines stressful events and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in pregnant women who are members of this community. Aims: To quantify the rates of stressful events and PTSD symptoms in pregnant Indigenous women. Methods: One hundred and fifty rural and remote Indigenous women were invited to complete a survey during each trimester of their pregnancy. The survey measures were the stressful life events and the Impact of Events Scale. Results: Extremely high rates of PTSD symptoms were reported by participants. Approximately 40% of this group exhibited PTSD symptoms during their pregnancy with mean score 33.38 (SD¿=¿14.37) significantly higher than a study of European victims of crisis, including terrorism attacks (20.6, SD¿=¿18.5). Conclusions: The extreme levels of PTSD symptoms found in the women participating in this study are likely to result in negative implications for both mother and infant. An urgent response must be mounted at government, health, community development and research levels to address these findings. Immediate attention needs to focus on the development of interventions to address the¿high¿levels of PTSD symptoms that pregnant Australian Indigenous women¿experience.

DOI 10.1111/ajo.12618
Co-authors Kym Rae, Caroline Blackwell, Josephine Gwynn, Roger Smith, E Lumbers
2013 Cave G, Raghavan M, Burrows J, Harvey M, Chauhan A, 'Liposomal binding of imipramine in human red cell/albumin solution with simulated plasmapharesis', Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology and Drug Research, 2 8 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.7243/2050-120X-2-8
2013 Wakely L, Brown L, Burrows J, 'Evaluating interprofessional learning modules: health students' attitudes to interprofessional practice', JOURNAL OF INTERPROFESSIONAL CARE, 27 424-425 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.3109/13561820.2013.784730
Citations Scopus - 13Web of Science - 9
Co-authors Luke Wakely, Leanne Brown
2012 Trethewy CE, Burrows JM, Clausen D, Doherty SR, 'Effectiveness of cricoid pressure in preventing gastric aspiration during rapid sequence intubation in the emergency department: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial', Trials, 13 1-6 (2012) [C3]
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 6
2005 Coles LS, Lambrusco L, Burrows JM, Hunter J, Diamond P, Bert AG, et al., 'Phosphorylation of cold shock domain/Y-box proteins by ERK2 and GSK3ß and repression of the human VEGF promoter', FEBS Letters, 579 5372-5378 (2005) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.febslet.2005.08.075
Citations Scopus - 40Web of Science - 39
2004 Stone B, Burrows JM, Schepetiuk S, Higgins G, Hampson A, Shaw R, Kok T, 'Rapid detection and simultaneous subtype differentiation of influenza A viruses by real time PCR', Journal of Virological Methods, 117 103-112 (2004) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.jviromet.2003.12.005
Citations Scopus - 68Web of Science - 59
2002 Coles LS, Diamond P, Lambrusco L, Hunter J, Burrows JM, Vadas MA, Goodall GJ, 'A novel mechanism of repression of the vascular endothelial growth factor promoter, by single strand DNA binding cold shock domain (Y-box) proteins in normoxic fibroblasts', Nucleic Acids Research, 15 4845-4854 (2002) [C1]
2002 Burrows JM, Nitsche A, Bayly B, Walker E, Higgins G, Kok T, 'Detection and subtyping of Herpes simplex virus in clinical samples by LightCycler PCR, enzyme immunoassay and cell culture', BMC Microbiology, 2 1-1 (2002) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 30
2002 Coles LS, Diamond P, Lambrusco L, Hunter J, Burrows J, Vadas MA, Goodall GJ, 'A novel mechanism of repression of the vascular endothelial growth factor promoter, by single strand DNA binding cold shock domain (Y-box) proteins in normoxic fibroblasts', Nucleic Acids Research, 30 4845-4854 (2002)

Overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is implicated in a number of diseases. It is therefore critical that mechanisms exist to strictly regulate VEGF express... [more]

Overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is implicated in a number of diseases. It is therefore critical that mechanisms exist to strictly regulate VEGF expression. A hypoxia-responsive (HR) region of the VEGF promoter which binds the HIF-1 transcription factor is a target for many signals that up-regulate VEGF transcription. Repressors targeting the HIF-1 transcription factor have been identified but no repressors directly binding the HR promoter region had been reported. We now report a novel mechanism of repression of the VEGF HR region involving DNA binding. We find that single strand DNA-specific cold shock domain (CSD or Y-box) proteins repress the HR region via a binding site downstream of the HIF-1 site. The repressor site is functional in unstimulated, normoxic fibroblasts and represents a novel means to prevent expression of VEGF in the absence of appropriate stimuli. We characterized complexes forming on the VEGF repressor site and identified a previously unreported nuclear CSD protein complex containing dbpA. Nuclear dbpA appears to bind as a dimer and we determined a means by which nuclear CSD proteins may enter double strand DNA to bind to their single strand sites to bring about repression of the VEGF HR region.

Citations Scopus - 26
2002 Burrows J, Nitsche A, Bayly B, Walker E, Higgins G, Kok T, 'Detection and subtyping of Herpes simplex virus in clinical samples byLightCycler PCR, enzyme immunoassay and cell culture', BMC Microbiology, 2 1-7 (2002)

Background: Prompt laboratory diagnosis of Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection facilitates patient management and possible initiation of antiviral therapy. In our laboratory, whi... [more]

Background: Prompt laboratory diagnosis of Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection facilitates patient management and possible initiation of antiviral therapy. In our laboratory, which receives various specimen types for detection of HSV, we use enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for rapid detection and culture of this virus. The culture of HSV has traditionally been accepted as the diagnostic 'gold standard'. In this study, we compared the use of real time PCR (LightCycler) for amplification, detection and subtyping of specific DNA with our in-house developed rapid and culture tests for HSV. Results: The LightCycler PCR (LC-PCR) detected and subtyped HSV in 99% (66/67) of HSV positive specimens, compared to 81% (54/67) by rapid antigen EIA or 57% (36/63) by culture. A specimen was considered positive when two or more tests yielded HSV identifications or was culture positive. Discordant results were confirmed with an in-house developed PCR-ELISA or DNA sequence analysis. The typing results obtained with the LC-PCR and by culture amplified test were completely concordant. Conclusions: This study showed that the LC-PCR provided a highly sensitive test for simultaneous detection and subtyping of HSV in a single reaction tube. In addition to increased sensitivity, the LightCycler PCR provided reduced turn-around-times (2 hours) when compared to enzyme immunoassay (4 hours) or culture (4 days).

DOI 10.1186/1471-2180-2-12
Citations Scopus - 74
2000 Szabo EA, Scurrah KJ, Burrows JM, 'Survey for psychrotrophic bacterial pathogens in minimally processed lettuce', Letters in Applied Microbiology, 30 456-460 (2000) [C1]
1999 Proffitt JM, Bastin DA, Lehrbach PR, 'Sequence analysis of Australian infectious bursal disease viruses', Australian Veterinary Journal, 77 186-188 (1999) [C1]
Show 13 more journal articles

Conference (14 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2018 Brown LJ, Smith AN, Wakely L, Wolfgang R, Little A, Burrows J, 'Growing the rural allied health workforce through immersion placements', Canberra (2018)
Co-authors Luke Wakely, Alexandra Little, Rebecca Wolfgang, Tony Smith, Leanne Brown
2018 Brown LJ, Burrows JM, Wakely LT, 'Mapping rural workforce outcomes: results from a longitudinal study of allied health graduates', Launceston, TAS (2018)
Co-authors Luke Wakely, Leanne Brown
2018 Smith AN, Brown LJ, Wakely LT, Wolfgang RL, Little AL, Burrows JM, 'Tracking change on the rural workforce landscape: a longitudinal study of allied health recent graduates', Darwin, NT (2018)
Co-authors Alexandra Little, Leanne Brown, Rebecca Wolfgang, Tony Smith, Luke Wakely
2018 Smith AN, May JA, Burrows JM, Wakely LT, Brown LJ, Fisher KA, et al., 'Counting the chickens as they hatch: tracking students and the rural health pipeline', Tamworth, NSW (2018)
Co-authors Karin Fisher, Luke Wakely, Leanne Brown, Tony Smith, Jennifer May
2017 Brown LJ, Smith A, Wakely L, Wolfgang R, Little A, Burrows J, 'Where are they now? Tracking allied health graduates after rural placements', 14th National Rural Health Conference, Cairns (2017)
Co-authors Rebecca Wolfgang, Alexandra Little, Luke Wakely, Leanne Brown, Tony Smith
2017 Brown L, Smith A, Wakely LT, Little A, Wolfgang R, Burrows J, 'Developing the future allied health workforce for Australian rural health context', Cairns (2017)
Co-authors Leanne Brown, Rebecca Wolfgang, Luke Wakely, Alexandra Little, Tony Smith
2017 Burrows J, Wahi G, Anand S, Jones P, Pringle K, Rae KM, 'A Scoping Review of Indigenous Longitudinal Studies of Both Pregnancy and Early Childhood', REPRODUCTIVE SCIENCES, Orlando, FL (2017)
Co-authors Kirsty Pringle, Kym Rae
2016 Mah B, Weatherall L, Burrows J, Blackwell C, Wadhwa P, Lumbers E, et al., 'Psychological Distress in Pregnant Australian Indigenous Women Residing in Rural and Remote New South Wales of Australia', REPRODUCTIVE SCIENCES, Montreal, CANADA (2016)
Co-authors Kym Rae, E Lumbers, Caroline Blackwell, Roger Smith
2016 Mah B, Weatherall L, Burrows J, Blackwell C, Wadwha P, Lumbers ER, et al., 'Psychological Distress in pregnant Australian Indigenous women residing in rural and remote New South Wales', Conference Proceedings, Prague (2016)
Co-authors Kym Rae, Caroline Blackwell, E Lumbers
2015 Brown LJ, Smith T, Wakely L, Burrows J, Wolfgang R, Little A, 'Conversion by immersion: outcomes of short and long-term rural allied health placements', People Places Possibilities - 13th National Rural Health Conference, Darwin (2015) [E3]
Co-authors Luke Wakely, Rebecca Wolfgang, Alexandra Little, Tony Smith, Leanne Brown
2015 Brown LJ, Smith T, Wakely L, Wolfgang R, Little A, Harries-Jones H, et al., 'Engaging allied health students in experiential learning: The rural immersion experience', ANZAHPE-AMEA 2015 Conference, Newcastle (2015) [E3]
Co-authors Leanne Brown, Luke Wakely, Rebecca Wolfgang, Alexandra Little, Tony Smith
2014 Wolfgang RL, Brown L, Smith T, Wakely L, Harries-Jones H, Little A, Burrows J, 'Diving deeper - outcomes of a rural immersive experience for allied health students', Surf's Up: Ride the Waves SARRAH National Conference for Rural and Remote Allied Health Professionals, Kingscliff NSW (2014) [E3]
Co-authors Tony Smith, Alexandra Little, Rebecca Wolfgang, Luke Wakely, Leanne Brown
2013 Harries-Jones H, Burrows J, Smith T, Brown L, wakely L, 'Interprofessional learning: from the Start for the Future', ANZAHPE 2013 Conference Handbook & Program, Melbourne (2013) [E3]
Co-authors Tony Smith, Luke Wakely, Leanne Brown
2012 Smith AN, Wakely LT, Brown LJ, Burrows JM, 'Integrating interprofessional learning into rural clinical placements - Assessing student's attitudes', Symposium Program. Interprofessional Education for Quality Use of Medicines, Newcastle Beach, NSW (2012) [E3]
Co-authors Tony Smith, Leanne Brown, Luke Wakely
Show 11 more conferences
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 1
Total funding $15,000

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20171 grants / $15,000

Yearning to yarn: Using ‘Aboriginal ways of knowing and learning’ to support clinical placement experiences of Aboriginal health professional students$15,000

The aim of this project is to establish a framework to enable rural health professional educators to “teach for equity”.  At the core of the framework is the notion of “yarning” as a way of understanding and supporting Aboriginal knowing and learning. To develop this framework the experiences of two groups engaged in clinical placements will be explored through yarning with:

(i)            Aboriginal medical and allied health students who have undertaken or undertaking clinical placements

(ii)           Clinical educators from the University of Newcastle and healthcare settings.

These insights gained will inform educators’ pedagogical strategies and perspectives when engaging with Aboriginal students studying in a range of health professions. Within our collaborative dialogical inquiry, we will use ‘appreciative inquiry’ to take this project into the complex space of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal interaction, digging deeply into the potential positives of cross-cultural human interaction to bring about understanding and change.

Funding body: Centre for Excellence in Equity in Higher Education (CEEHE)

Funding body Centre for Excellence in Equity in Higher Education (CEEHE)
Project Team

Simon Munro, Anne Croker, Karin Fisher, Julie Burrows, Leanne Brown

Scheme CEEHE Commissioned Project
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2017
Funding Finish 2018
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N
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Research Projects

Rural Health Workforce 2011 -

Research into UONDRH allied health and medical graduates rural workforce outcomes


Gomeroi gaaynggal Longitudinal research project 2013 -


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Research Collaborations

The map is a representation of a researchers co-authorship with collaborators across the globe. The map displays the number of publications against a country, where there is at least one co-author based in that country. Data is sourced from the University of Newcastle research publication management system (NURO) and may not fully represent the authors complete body of work.

Country Count of Publications
Australia 16
Germany 2
United States 2
Canada 1
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Dr Julie Burrows

Position

Research Academic
UDRH & RCS
University of Newcastle Department of Rural Health
Faculty of Health and Medicine

Contact Details

Email julie.burrows@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 6755 3519
Fax (02) 6761 2355

Office

Building Tamworth Education Centre (TEC)
Location Tamworth

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