Staff Profile


Career Summary


My research is centred on getting people to be more physically active throughout the day and improve their quality of sleep. This research is currently supported by a National Heart Foundation Future Leader Fellowship and also by the National Health and Medical Research Council and the Queensland Government. The three themes of my research are 1) understanding the joint influence of physical activity, sedentary and sleep behaviour on health outcomes; 2) identifying what factors influence these behaviours and challenge our ability to engage in them in healthy ways; 3) developing and testing interventions to improve these behaviours. Much of this intervention work uses technologies such as mobile devices and the internet to deliver the interventions. If you wish to undertake study or work in these areas, please contact me to discuss what opportunities may be available.

I currently lead a number of projects related to this research including the 10,000 Steps project ( As a chief investigator I have secured $5.5 million from: National Heart Foundation; National Health and Medical Research Council; Australian Research Council (Linkage & Discovery) and the Queensland Government. My research has received several awards including the National Heart Foundation Queensland Researcher of the Year and the Australian Institute of policy & Science Queensland Young Tall Poppy Award.


  • PhD, University of Central Queensland, 23/07/2007
  • Bachelor of Health&Human Perf(Hons)(Hum Move Sc), University of Central Queensland, 31/12/2003


Research keywords

  • IT-based interventions
  • physical activity
  • sedentary behaviour
  • sleep behaviour

Research expertise

The role of physical activity, sitting and sleep behaviours as joint influences of health status including obesity, CVD risk, diabetes and mental health.

Clarifying the role of personal, social and environmental factors as influences of health behaviours with a focus on physical activity, sitting and sleep.

The use of IT-based interventions to promote engagement in health behaviours. Including the use of smartphones, wearable technology.

Fields of Research

111712Health Promotion50
111716Preventive Medicine30
110600Human Movement And Sports Science20


For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.

Click on a category title below to expand the list of citations for that specific category.

Chapter (1 outputs)

2010Whitzman C, Romero V, Duncan M, Curtis C, Tranter P, Burke M, 'Links between Children's Independent Mobility, Active Transport, Physical Activity and Obesity', Preventing Childhood Obesity: Evidence Policy and Practice 105-112 (2010)

Journal article (49 outputs)

2014Stanton R, Vandelanotte C, Duncan MJ, 'Interdevice baseline signal magnitude variability of the ActivPAL3 activity monitor', Gait and Posture, 39 618-620 (2014)
2014Short CE, Vandelanotte C, Dixon MW, Rosenkranz R, Caperchione C, Hooker C, et al., 'Examining participant engagement in an information technology-based physical activity and nutrition intervention for men: The manup randomized controlled trial', Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16 (2014)
2014Schoeppe S, Duncan MJ, Badland HM, Oliver M, Browne M, 'Associations between children's independent mobility and physical activity', BMC Public Health, 14 (2014)
2014Duncan MJ, Kline CE, Vandelanotte C, Sargent C, Rogers NL, Di Milia L, 'Cross-sectional associations between multiple lifestyle behaviors and health-related quality of life in the 10,000 steps cohort', PLoS ONE, 9 (2014)
2014Short CE, Vandelanotte C, Duncan MJ, 'Individual characteristics associated with physical activity intervention delivery mode preferences among adults', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11 (2014)
2013Duncan MJ, Rashid M, Vandelanotte C, Cutumisu N, Plotnikoff RC, 'Development and reliability testing of a self-report instrument to measure the office layout as a correlate of occupational sitting', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, 10 (2013) [C1]
2013Vandelanotte C, Duncan MJ, Short C, Rockloff M, Ronan K, Happell B, Di Milia L, 'Associations between occupational indicators and total, work-based and leisure-time sitting: A cross-sectional study', BMC Public Health, 13 (2013)
2013Rosenkranz RR, Duncan MJ, Rosenkranz SK, Kolt GS, 'Active lifestyles related to excellent self-rated health and quality of life: Cross sectional findings from 194,545 participants in the 45 and Up Study', BMC Public Health, 13 (2013)
2013Kirwan M, Vandelanotte C, Fenning A, Duncan MJ, 'Diabetes self-management smartphone application for adults with type 1 diabetes: Randomized controlled trial', Journal of Medical Internet Research, 15 (2013)
2013Hanley C, Duncan MJ, Mummery WK, 'The effect of changes to question order on the prevalence of 'sufficient' physical activity in an Australian population survey', Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10 390-396 (2013)
2013Schoeppe S, Duncan MJ, Badland H, Oliver M, Curtis C, 'Associations of children's independent mobility and active travel with physical activity, sedentary behaviour and weight status: A systematic review', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 16 312-319 (2013)
2013Kolt GS, Rosenkranz RR, Savage TN, Maeder AJ, Vandelanotte C, Duncan MJ, et al., 'WALK 2.0 - Using Web 2.0 applications to promote health-related physical activity: A randomised controlled trial protocol', BMC Public Health, 13 (2013)
2013Clark RA, Tideman P, Tirimacco R, Wanguhu K, Poulsen V, Simpson P, et al., 'A Pilot Study of the Feasibility of an Internet-based Electronic Outpatient Cardiac Rehabilitation (eOCR) Program in Rural Primary Care', Heart Lung and Circulation, 22 352-359 (2013)
2013Kirwan M, Duncan MJ, Vandelanotte C, Mummery WK, 'Design, Development, and Formative Evaluation of a Smartphone Application for Recording and Monitoring Physical Activity Levels: The 10,000 Steps "iStepLog"', Health Education and Behavior, 40 140-151 (2013)
2013Di Milia L, Vandelanotte C, Duncan MJ, 'The association between short sleep and obesity after controlling for demographic, lifestyle, work and health related factors', Sleep Medicine, 14 319-323 (2013)
2013Duncan S, Stewart TI, Oliver M, Mavoa S, MacRae D, Badland HM, Duncan MJ, 'Portable global positioning system receivers: Static validity and environmental conditions', American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44 e19-e29 (2013)
2013Vandelanotte C, Caperchione CM, Ellison M, George ES, Maeder A, Kolt GS, et al., 'What kinds of website and mobile phone-delivered physical activity and nutrition interventions do middle-aged men want?', Journal of Health Communication, 18 1070-1083 (2013)
2012Duncan MJ, Vandelanotte C, Rosenkranz RR, Caperchione CM, Ding H, Ellison M, et al., 'Effectiveness of a website and mobile phone based physical activity and nutrition intervention for middle-aged males: trial protocol and baseline findings of the ManUp Study.', BMC public health, 12 656 (2012)
2012Caperchione CM, Vandelanotte C, Kolt GS, Duncan M, Ellison M, George E, Mummery WK, 'What a Man Wants: Understanding the Challenges and Motivations to Physical Activity Participation and Healthy Eating in Middle-Aged Australian Men', American Journal of Men's Health, 6 453-461 (2012)
2012Badland HM, Oliver M, Kearns RA, Mavoa S, Witten K, Duncan MJ, Batty GD, 'Association of neighbourhood residence and preferences with the built environment, work-related travel behaviours, and health implications for employed adults: Findings from the URBAN study', Social Science and Medicine, 75 1469-1476 (2012)
2012Davies C, Duncan MJ, Vandelanotte C, Hall S, Corry K, Hooker C, 'Exploring the feasibility of implementing a pedometer-based physical activity program in primary school settings: A case study of 10,000 steps', Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 23 141-144 (2012)
2012Duncan MJ, Vandelanotte C, Caperchione C, Hanley C, Mummery WK, 'Temporal trends in and relationships between screen time, physical activity, overweight and obesity', BMC Public Health, 12 (2012)
2012Kirwan M, Duncan MJ, Vandelanotte C, Mummery WK, 'Using smartphone technology to monitor physical activity in the 10,000 Steps program: a matched case-control trial.', Journal of medical Internet research, 14 (2012)
2012Kirwan M, Duncan MJ, Vandelanotte C, Kerry Mummery W, 'Using smartphone technology to monitor physical activity in the 10,000 steps program: A matched case-control trial', Journal of Medical Internet Research, 14 176-185 (2012)
2012Vandelanotte C, Duncan MJ, Plotnikoff RC, Mummery WK, 'Do participants' preferences for mode of delivery (text, video, or both) influence the effectiveness of a Web-based physical activity intervention?', Journal of medical Internet research, 14 (2012)
2012George ES, Kolt GS, Duncan MJ, Caperchione CM, Mummery WK, Vandelanotte C, et al., 'A review of the effectiveness of physical activity interventions for adult males', Sports Medicine, 42 281-300 (2012)
2012Davies CA, Vandelanotte C, Duncan MJ, van Uffelen JGZ, 'Associations of physical activity and screen-time on health related quality of life in adults', Preventive Medicine, 55 46-49 (2012)
2011Badland HM, Oliver M, Duncan MJ, Schantzc P, 'Measuring children's independent mobility: Comparing objective and self-report approaches', Children's Geographies, 9 263-271 (2011)
2011Caperchione C, Mummery WK, Duncan M, 'Investigating the relationship between leader behaviours and group cohesion within women's walking groups', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 14 325-330 (2011)
2011Vandelanotte C, Duncan MJ, Hanley C, Mummery WK, 'Identifying population subgroups at risk for underestimating weight health risks and overestimating physical activity health benefits', Journal of Health Psychology, 16 760-769 (2011)
2010Duncan MJ, Badland HM, Mummery WK, 'Physical activity levels by occupational category in non-metropolitan australian adults', Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7 718-723 (2010)
2010Humphries B, Duncan MJ, Mummery WK, 'Prevalence and correlates of resistance training in a regional Australian population', British Journal of Sports Medicine, 44 653-656 (2010)
2010Vandelanotte C, Duncan MJ, Caperchione C, Hanley C, Mummery WK, 'Physical activity trends in Queensland (2002 to 2008): Are women becoming more active than men?', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 34 248-254 (2010)
2010Oliver M, Badland H, Mavoa S, Duncan MJ, Duncan S, 'Combining GPS, GIS, and accelerometry: Methodological issues in the assessment of location and intensity of travel behaviors', Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7 102-108 (2010)
2010Badland HM, Duncan MJ, Oliver M, Duncan JS, Mavoa S, 'Examining commute routes: Applications of GIS and GPS technology', Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 15 327-330 (2010)
2010Duncan MJ, Winkler E, Sugiyama T, Cerin E, Dutoit L, Leslie E, Owen N, 'Relationships of land use mix with walking for transport: Do land uses and geographical scale matter?', Journal of Urban Health, 87 782-795 (2010)
2009Badland HM, Duncan MJ, 'Perceptions of air pollution during the work-related commute by adults in Queensland, Australia', Atmospheric Environment, 43 5791-5795 (2009)
2009Duncan MJ, Mummery WK, Steele RM, Caperchione C, Schofield G, 'Geographic location, physical activity and perceptions of the environment in Queensland adults', Health and Place, 15 204-209 (2009)
2009Duncan MJ, Badland HM, Mummery WK, 'Applying GPS to enhance understanding of transport-related physical activity', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12 549-556 (2009)
2009Badland HM, Duncan MJ, Schofield GM, 'Using census data to travel through time in New Zealand: Patterns in journey to work data 1981-2006', New Zealand Medical Journal, 122 15-20 (2009)
2008Badland HM, Duncan MJ, Mummery WK, 'Travel perceptions, behaviors, and environment by degree of urbanization', Preventive Medicine, 47 265-269 (2008)
2008Caperchione C, Lauder W, Kolt GS, Duncan MJ, Mummery WK, 'Associations between social capital and health status in an Australian population', Psychology, Health and Medicine, 13 471-482 (2008)
2008Duncan MJ, Kerry Mummery W, Kift RL, 'Geographical location and sunburn in Queensland adults', Australian Journal of Rural Health, 16 181-182 (2008)
2008Caperchione CM, Duncan MJ, Mummery K, Steele R, Schofield G, 'Mediating relationship between body mass index and the direct measures of the Theory of Planned Behaviour on physical activity intention', Psychology, Health and Medicine, 13 168-179 (2008)
2007Duncan MJ, Mummery WK, 'GIS or GPS? A Comparison of Two Methods For Assessing Route Taken During Active Transport', American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33 51-53 (2007)
2007Mummery WK, Duncan M, Kift R, 'Socio-economic differences in public opinion regarding water fluoridation in Queensland', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 31 336-339 (2007)
2007Duncan MJ, Mummery WK, Dascombe BJ, 'Utility of global positioning system to measure active transport in urban areas', Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39 1851-1857 (2007)
2005Duncan MJ, Spence JC, Mummery WK, 'Perceived environment and physical activity: A meta-analysis of selected environmental characteristics', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 2 (2005)
2005Duncan M, Mummery K, 'Psychosocial and environmental factors associated with physical activity among city dwellers in regional Queensland', Preventive Medicine, 40 363-372 (2005)
Show 46 more

Conference (1 outputs)

2013Ding H, Karunanithi M, Duncan M, Ireland D, Noakes M, Hooker C, 'A mobile phone enabled health promotion program for middle-aged males' (2013)

Other (3 outputs)

2014Rebar AL, Vandelanotte C, van Uffelen J, Short C, Duncan MJ, 'Associations of overall sitting time and sitting time in different contexts with depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms', : Elsevier (2014)
2013Di Milia L, Vandelannote C, Duncan MJ, 'Letter to the Editor [response]', (2013)
2013Short CE, Vandelanotte C, Rebar A, Duncan MJ, 'A Comparison of Correlates Associated With Adult Physical Activity Behavior in Major Cities and Regional Settings', (2013)

Grants and Funding


Number of grants4
Total funding$1,614,627

- Indicates that the researcher may be seeking students for this project.

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.

2014 (1 grants)

Reducing population level CVD risk by improving physical activity, sitting and sleep behaviours$520,000
Funding Body: National Heart Foundation of Australia

Project Team
Doctor Mitch Duncan
Future Leader FellowshipChief Investigator
Total AmountFunding StartFunding Finish

2013 (2 grants)

My Personal Activity Advice – A RCT investigating the effectiveness of tailored videos in promoting physical activity using the Internet$690,627
Funding Body: NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)

Project GrantInvestigator
Total AmountFunding StartFunding Finish

The Shifting Gears Project: active living and healthy eating in Queensland truck drivers$120,000
Funding Body: Queensland Government

Health DepartmentInvestigator
Total AmountFunding StartFunding Finish

2010 (1 grants)

10,000 Steps$284,000
Funding Body: Queensland Government

Queensland HealthChief Investigator
Total AmountFunding StartFunding Finish

Research Supervision

Number of current supervisions3

For supervisions undertaken at an institution other that the University of Newcastle, the institution name is listed below the program name.

Current Supervision

ProgramSupervisor TypeResearch Title
20112014PHD Health
Central Queensland University
Co-SupervisorSitting and Health: Understanding biological mechanisms of sitting and ill health
20112014PHD Health
Central Queensland University
Co-SupervisorInflammatory responses to air pollution, obesity and physical activity in rat models
20102014PHD Health
Central Queensland University
Principal SupervisorChildren’s independent mobility, active travel, physical activity and health

Past Supervision

YearProgramSupervisor TypeResearch Title
2013 Health Promotion
Central Queensland University
Principal SupervisorChildren off the Couch: The efficacy of an integrated curriculum and web-supported class-based walking challenge on physical activity
2012Masters Health
Central Queensland University
Principal SupervisorAn examination of question form on responses in CATI surveys
2012PHD Health
Central Queensland University
Co-SupervisorApplication of smart phones to improve self management of diabetes
2011PHD Health
Central Queensland University
Principal SupervisorInvestigations and recommendations for sport development legacies resulting from the conduct of major sporting events

Dr Mitchell (Mitch) Duncan

Work Phone(02) 4921 5215
Fax(02) 4921 2084
PositionResearch Fellow
School of Medicine & Public Health, Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition
School of Medicine and Public Health
Faculty of Health and Medicine
The University of Newcastle, Australia
Advanced Technology Centre,
University Drive
Callaghan NSW 2308