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Dr Andrea Griffin

Senior Lecturer

School of Psychology (Psychology)

Ruling the roost

An expert in predator response and adaptive learning in both animals and humans, Dr Andrea Griffin is building new knowledge on the behaviour and biology of invasive species and the reasons behind their ecological success.

Dr Andrea Griffin

Above: Dr Andrea Griffin with a radio-tracking antenna, used to track radio-tagged common Mynas.

A behavioural ecologist and Senior Lecturer in UON’s School of Psychology, Andrea’s work sits at the junction of psychology, zoology, and biology.

She is currently investigating the impact of the Common Myna in Australia.

In a unique combination of captive and field methodologies, she is focussing on species interactions in the range expansion of Mynas, identifying the historical patterns of the species' Australian range expansion, and measuring their learning and problem solving capacities.

“Only by better understanding the factors facilitating and inhibiting the spread of Mynas, and knowing more about their interactions with natives, will we be equipped to manage the species.”

Her research has already provided first-time demonstrations of place avoidance learning, predator avoidance learning and solving of novel foraging problems amongst introduced Mynas.

Recognised as an international leader in this field, Andrea has authored 46 journal articles and invited book chapters in her field, presented her work at 45 national and international conferences, and delivered 15 national and international guest lectures.

Of her publications, 90 per cent are in top-tier Q1 journals in her field and 70 per cent are first-authored.

About the Myna

The Common Myna, better known as the Indian Myna, is an introduced species, with a black head, chocolate brown body and yellow legs, beak and eye patch.

The Myna is a member of the starling family and not phylogenetically related to the Native Honeyeater, known as the Noisy Miner, despite their similar sounding names and comparable size.

The Myna is the most common bird in many of Australia’s Eastern coast cities. In fact, the myna is one of the most successful bird species in the world. Introduced to six of seven continents worldwide, the Myna has been successful on all of them.

The Myna adapts particularly well to urbanised areas, where they nest in houses, scavenge for food in outdoor eating areas and soil public facilities. They also gather in large roosts, creating deafening noise and health concerns.

In remnant areas of bushland, the Myna inhibits the success of native species due to competition over nesting cavities. On islands where it has been introduced, the Myna is known to predate on native chicks and eggs.

The Myna has certainly adapted with remarkable mastery to many different types of environment across its worldwide range. But there are also areas in Australia where, despite climatic conditions being favourable, it has not adapted so well. Andrea wants to know why.

“If we know where and why Mynas are not spreading, then we can find the Myna’s Achilles’ heel” says Griffin.

Multiple invasion fronts

With support from the Australian Research Council (ARC), Andrea is conducting collaborative research with Associate Professor Salit Kark from the University of Queensland.

In a large-scale interstate, nest box study, the role of species interactions in the range expansion of Mynas is being investigated.

This study will address a major gap in our scientific understanding of invasions by undertaking the first large-scale examination of the role of interactions between species in determining the success, dynamics, and rate of biological invasions.

Breeding and the competition around nesting resources, and the impact on native species in specific habitats, is a main area of interest.

Initially released as a means of controlling insects, several further separate Myna introductions occurred along the east coast of Australia until the 1950s.

“That makes for a very interesting system because we have got replicated invasion fronts that we can study,” Andrea explains.

Identifying the historical patterns of the species' Australian range expansion is the focus of collaboration with Dr Richard Major, an ornithologist from the Australian Museum and the Australian Centre for Wildlife Genomics.

“We are doing a study of genetics to look at how populations are actually connected across Australia,” Andrea says.

Novelty and danger

Another ongoing project for Andrea, with funding from the New South Wales Environmental Trust, is the development of a species-specific oral contraceptive that would make Myna eggs infertile.

This humane culling technique would see adult birds live a normal life but eventually die out, along with the species, due to their inability to reproduce.

Another management option that Andrea is interested in exploring further is a deterrent that impels the Myna population to permanently move away from a particular roosting area.

“We were watching a roost, not far from here actually,” Andrea recalls.

“Every evening we had seen an aggregation of Myna birds there. Until it was visited by a Collared Sparrow hawk for a couple of mornings in a row, then the roost was completely cleared, with not a bird in sight.”

“Maybe if we could just facilitate the native raptors being in town?” Andrea says, laughing.

Identifying an inhibition to range expansion is one thing, designing a way to replicate a deterrent into a long-term management strategy is another.

“That is one of the great capacities of an invasive species, they are cautious around novelty but they also work out pretty quickly when something is not dangerous.”

Evolution of behaviour

A biologist by training, Andrea completed her Masters of Science at Lausanne University in Switzerland.

Family ties then brought her to Australia, where she was awarded a Vice-Chancellor's Commendation for Outstanding PhD at Macquarie University.

Working with Tammar wallabies, Andrea’s doctoral study was focused on training captive-bred or trans located animals to avoid predators, an important survival skill when endangered animals are reintroduced to the wild.

Canada was next, where Andrea switched to birds, investigating the benefits of mixed species aggregation between Zenaida Doves and Carib Grackles.

In 2006, Andrea was awarded an ARC Postdoctoral Fellowship and began her work on predator avoidance and social learning in the Myna.

Andrea has not dedicated her research exclusively to animals.

“I have worked with social psychologists because I am interested in predator response learning,” Andrea says.

“We are talking about the evolution of behaviour, and humans fall under that umbrella as well, our behaviour also evolves in a certain context.”

“Humans also learn about, and assess, people that are different to them, and may be seen as a threat for whatever reason.”

Shared marvels

Management techniques are being sought to pre-emptively restrict their further spread, but it is the Myna’s ultimate defeat and possible return of displaced native birds that Andrea is most looking forward to.

The depth of her fascination and width of her knowledge makes anything Andrea speaks of infinitely interesting, and she thoroughly enjoys interacting with students.

Her skill and passion for teaching have been recognised by a Vice-Chancellor's Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning.

Andrea currently teaches animal behaviour to psychology and environmental science students, and advanced learning to psychology students. She is supervising several post-grad students.

“I am an animal ecologist because I find non-humans just absolutely fascinating”, she says.

“The variety of their behaviours and the capacity to adapt and adjust and to learn new things is amazing.”

“The greatest sensation for me is when I can communicate that, arouse people's curiosity, and enjoy a kind of shared marvel at the natural world that fascinates me so much.”

Ruling the roost

Andrea Griffin's research focuses on the cognitive and behavioural processes that allow animals to adapt to short-term and long-term environmental change.

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Career Summary

Biography

Andrea Griffin is a Behavioural Ecologist in the School of Psychology at the University of Newcastle. The 2015 Excellence in Research for Australia assessment rated the School’s research as “above world standard” in the area of “psychology and cognitive science” and “well above world standard” in the specific area of “cognitive science.”

Much of her research involves close collaborations with researchers from the School of Environmental and Life Sciences. The 2015 Excellence for Australia assessment rated the School's research as "above world standard" in the area of Zoology.

The University is ranked among the top 250 universities in the world and in the top 10 in Australia in terms of its research income (QS World University Rankings, 2016; Higher Education Research Data Collection 2014).

RESEARCH

Andrea Griffin's research focuses on the cognitive and behavioural processes that allow animals to adapt to short-term and long-term environmental change and variability. A mid-career level researcher, Andrea has authored 44 journal articles in her field, presented her work at 45 national and international conferences, and delivered 15 national and international guest lectures. 90% of her publications are in top-tier Q1 journals in her field and 70% are first-authored. Her work has been cited nearly 1500 times and she has an h-index (google scholar) of 19. For more information about her research and her research group, please go to http://andreasgriffin.weebly.com/.

Andrea's past work has contributed to developing behavioural interventions to improve the reintroduction success of endangered marsupials.

More recently, Andrea's research is building new knowledge on the behaviour and biology of invasive species and the reasons behind their ecological success. These knowledge advancements have begun to inform invasive bird management.

Andrea is using the highly successful introduced song bird, the common (Indian) myna, as a model system to explore the behavioural and biological traits associated with the range expansion of invaisve birds. Her interests lie in identifying environmental factors that facilitate the range expansion of this species across Eastern Australia, but also those that inhibit its spread.

In a unique combination of captive and field methodologies, her research has demonstrated the extraordinary learning and problem solving capacities of this opportunistic songbird, providing first-time demonstrations of place avoidance learning, predator avoidance learning and solving of novel foraging problems. In a large-scale interstate, nest box study, her collaborative research with Associate Professor Kark from the University of Queensland, which is funded by the Australian Research Council, is investigating the role of species interactions in the range expansion of mynas. She is collaborating with Dr Major from the Australian Museum and the Australian Centre for Wildlife Genomics, to identify the historical patterns of the species' Australian range expansion.

TEACHING

Andrea is the recipient of a Vice-chancellor's Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning. Her Student Evaluations of Teaching are consistently above 4.5 out of 5 and often reach the maximum of 5.

Andrea has supervised three PhD student to completion and is currently supervising another three.

Andrea has supervised 55 research honours students and is currently supervising another three.

SERVICE

Andrea serves as associate editor for Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B. She is currently guest editing special issues of the journals Animal Cognition (Cognition in an Anthropogenic world) and Behavioural Processes (Personality and Cognition). She is a regular reviewer for over 10 top journals in her field and several national and international funding agencies, including the Australian Research Council (ARC).

She is a committee member of the Australasian Society for the Study of Behaviour (ASSAB, http://www.assab.org/).

Andrea regularly assists councils and community groups with advice and recommendations regarding avian pest management. She has delivered public presentations to community pest control groups and has spoken about invasive bird behaviour and management on local radio, in the local press and in the context of the recent 20th Biennale of Sydney (https://www.biennaleofsydney.com.au/20bos/events/transition-talk-marco-chiandetti/).


Qualifications

  • PhD, Macquarie University

Keywords

  • Animal behaviour
  • Animal cognition
  • Animal innovation
  • Animal learning
  • Invasive species

Languages

  • German (Fluent)
  • French (Fluent)

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
170299 Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified 30
060801 Animal Behaviour 50
050103 Invasive Species Ecology 20

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Senior Lecturer University of Newcastle
School of Psychology
Australia

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/01/2006 - 1/12/2010 Australian Postdoctoral Fellowship - ARC ARC
Australia

Awards

Award

Year Award
2002 Vice-Chancellor's Commendation for Outstanding PhD
Macquarie University
2001 Best Student Paper
Society for Conservation Biology
1991 Faculty Award for Outstanding Student Grades
Lausanne University

Distinction

Year Award
2001 The Bolliger Award
Australian Mammal Society
2001 Best Student Paper (Honourable mention)
Australasian Society for the Study of Animal Behaviour
2001 Warder Clyde Allee contest (Honourable mention)
Animal Behavior Society

Professional

Year Award
2012 Vice-Chancellor’s Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning
The University of Newcastle
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Chapter (4 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2016 Griffin AS, Guez D, 'Chapter 7. The innovative bird: Contextual determinants and underpinning mechanisms of innovative foraging.', Animal Cognition Principles, Evolution and Development, Nova Science Publishers, New York (2016)
2016 Griffin AS, Guez D, 'Bridging the Gap Between Cross-Taxon and Within-Species Analyses of Behavioral Innovations in Birds: Making Sense of Discrepant Cognition-Innovation Relationships and the Role of Motor Diversity', Advances in the Study of Behavior, Academic Press, UK 1-40 (2016)
DOI 10.1016/bs.asb.2016.02.001
Citations Scopus - 1
2016 Griffin AS, Guez D, Federspiel I, Diquelou M, Lermite F, 'Invading new environments: A mechanistic framework linking motor diversity and cognitive processes to invasion success', Biological Invasions and Behaviour, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2016)
1999 Griffin AS, 'Dead reckoning (Path integration), landmarks, and representation of space in a comparative perspective.', , John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America 197-228 (1999) [B1]
Show 1 more chapter

Journal article (38 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2016 Paolini S, Harris NC, Griffin AS, 'Learning anxiety in interactions with the outgroup: Towards a learning model of anxiety and stress in intergroup contact', Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 19 275-313 (2016) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/1368430215572265
Citations Scopus - 1
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2016 Lermite F, Peneaux C, Griffin AS, 'Personality and problem-solving in common mynas (Acridotheres tristis).', Behav Processes, (2016)
DOI 10.1016/j.beproc.2016.09.013
2016 Tebbich S, Griffin AS, Peschl MF, Sterelny K, 'From mechanisms to function: An integrated framework of animal innovation', Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371 (2016) [C1]

© 2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.Animal innovations range from the discovery of novel food types to the invention of completely novel beha... [more]

© 2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.Animal innovations range from the discovery of novel food types to the invention of completely novel behaviours. Innovations can give access to new opportunities, and thus enable innovating agents to invade and create novel niches. This in turn can pave the way for morphological adaptation and adaptive radiation. The mechanisms that make innovations possible are probably as diverse as the innovations themselves. So too are their evolutionary conse- quences. Perhaps because of this diversity, we lack a unifying framework that links mechanism to function. We propose a framework for animal innovation that describes the interactions between mechanism, fitness benefit and evolutionary significance, and which suggests an expanded range of experimental approaches. In doing so, we split innovation into factors (components and phases) that can be manipulated systematically, and which can be investigated both experimentally and with correlational studies. We apply this framework to a selection of cases, showing how it helps us ask more precise questions and design more revealing experiments.

DOI 10.1098/rstb.2015.0195
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 7
2016 Griffin AS, 'Innovativeness as an emergent property: A new alignment of comparative and experimental research on animal innovation', Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371 (2016)

© 2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.Innovation and creativity are key defining features of human societies. As we face the global challenges ... [more]

© 2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.Innovation and creativity are key defining features of human societies. As we face the global challenges of the twenty-first century, they are also facets upon which we must become increasingly reliant. But what makes Homo sapiens so innovative and where does our high innovation propensity come from? Comparative research on innovativeness in non-human animals allows us to peer back through evolutionary time and investigate the ecological factors that drove the evolution of innovativeness, whereas experimental research identifies and manipulates underpinning creative processes. In commenting on the present theme issue, I highlight the controversies that have typified this research field and show how a paradigmatic shift in our thinking about innovativeness will contribute to resolving these tensions. In the past decade, innovativeness has been considered by many as a trait, a direct product of cognition, and a direct target of selection. The evidence I review here suggests that innovativeness will be hereon viewed as one component, or even an emergent property of a larger array of traits, which have evolved to deal with environmental variation. I illustrate how research should capitalize on taxonomic diversity to unravel the full range of psychological processes that underpin innovativeness in non-human animals.

DOI 10.1098/rstb.2015.0544
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 5
2016 Guez D, Griffin AS, 'Unraveling the key to innovative problem solving: A test of learning versus persistence', Behavioral Ecology, 27 1449-1460 (2016)

© 2016 The Author.The possibility that variation in the propensity to forage innovatively is attributable to variation in cognition is a matter of debate. Motor flexibility and p... [more]

© 2016 The Author.The possibility that variation in the propensity to forage innovatively is attributable to variation in cognition is a matter of debate. Motor flexibility and persistence offer alternative viewpoints. The present study used a computational model to evaluate the relative contribution of these mechanisms to the innovation process. We modeled the effects of low and high motor flexibility on problem-solving performance, which provided a baseline against which to examine how performance changed when combined with operant learning or persistence. We titrated our models through a wide range of parameter values in order to explore where in the outcome space biologically meaningful effect sizes are likely to be detected. The baseline model accurately reproduced an enhancement of performance when relative frequencies of motor expression were balanced (high motor flexibility) rather than skewed (low motor flexibility). Operant learning enhanced performance, but only when agents persisted until they solved and only when motor flexibility was low. In scenarios where agents gave up even if they had not solved, persistence in response to occurrence of secondary cues improved problem solving in both motor flexible and motor inflexible individuals. In scenarios, where the benefits of persistence and learning were compared directly, the benefits of persisting were typically equal, if not greater than those of learning. Given the high metabolic cost of neural tissue, our simulations predict that selection for enhanced problem solving should select for processes that increase persistence (e.g., personality changes) rather than learning.

DOI 10.1093/beheco/arw055
2016 Federspiel IG, Garland A, Guez D, Bugynar T, Healy SD, Güntürkün O, Griffin AS, 'Adjusting foraging strategies: a comparison of rural and urban common mynas (Acridotheres tristis).', Anim Cogn, (2016)
DOI 10.1007/s10071-016-1045-7
2016 Diquelou MC, Griffin AS, Sol D, 'The role of motor diversity in foraging innovations: a cross-species comparison in urban birds', BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY, 27 584-591 (2016)
DOI 10.1093/beheco/arv190
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 5
2015 Griffin AS, Guillette LM, Healy SD, 'Cognition and personality: An analysis of an emerging field', Trends in Ecology and Evolution, (2015) [C1]

It is now well established that individuals can differ consistently in their average levels of behaviour across different contexts. There have recently been calls to apply the sam... [more]

It is now well established that individuals can differ consistently in their average levels of behaviour across different contexts. There have recently been calls to apply the same adaptive framework to interindividual differences in cognition. These calls have culminated in the suggestion that variation in personality and cognition should correlate. We suggest that both these appealing notions are conceptually and logistically problematic. We identify the first crucial step for establishing any cognition-personality relationship. This is to determine the degree to which cognitive abilities yield consistent task performance. We then suggest how to establish whether such consistency exists. Finally, we discuss why formulating predictions about how cognition might be related to personality is much more difficult than is currently realised.

DOI 10.1016/j.tree.2015.01.012
Citations Scopus - 12Web of Science - 9
2015 Griffin AS, Guez D, 'Innovative problem solving in nonhuman animals: the effects of group size revisited', BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY, 26 722-734 (2015) [C1]
DOI 10.1093/beheco/aru238
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
2015 Peneaux C, Griffin AS, 'Opportunistic observations of travel distances in Common Mynas (Acridotheres tristis).', Canberra Bird Notes, 40 228-234 (2015) [C3]
2015 Griffin AS, Diquelou MC, 'Innovative problem solving in birds: A cross-species comparison of two highly successful passerines', Animal Behaviour, 100 84-94 (2015) [C1]

© 2014 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour.Macro-ecological comparisons have repeatedly demonstrated that the taxonomic distribution of foraging innovations coincid... [more]

© 2014 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour.Macro-ecological comparisons have repeatedly demonstrated that the taxonomic distribution of foraging innovations coincides with the ability to adjust to novel and changing environments. We sought to obtain experimental support for the link between innovative foraging and opportunism by measuring the innovation abilities of two highly successful passerines on the east coast of Australia with very different success strategies. The ecological success of the introduced Indian myna, Acridotheres tristis, has been linked to its ability to occupy opportunistically an ecological niche that most natives cannot, whereas the native noisy miner, Manorina melanocephala, owes its success to its ability to aggressively outcompete other avian species. Indian mynas were significantly more neophobic than noisy miners. Yet, when tested on a range of innovative foraging tasks, Indian mynas consistently outperformed noisy miners. The ability to use the beak in a greater range of ways, and more flexibly, was highly repeatable in Indian mynas, and underpinned their superior problem-solving performance. We discuss the results in the light of potential methodological influences, but also the idea that necessity may facilitate innovation not only in less competitive individuals, as is documented in the literature, but also in species with less competitive lifestyles.

DOI 10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.11.012
Citations Scopus - 11Web of Science - 11
2014 Griffin AS, Diquelou M, Perea M, 'Innovative problem solving in birds: a key role of motor diversity', ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 92 221-227 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.04.009
Citations Scopus - 24Web of Science - 25
2014 Griffin AS, Guez D, 'Innovation and problem solving: A review of common mechanisms', BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES, 109 121-134 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.beproc.2014.08.027
Citations Scopus - 33Web of Science - 32
2013 Griffin AS, Lermite F, Perea M, Guez D, 'To innovate or not: contrasting effects of social groupings on safe and risky foraging in Indian mynahs', ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 86 1291-1300 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.anbehav.2013.09.035
Citations Scopus - 14Web of Science - 14
2013 Griffin AS, Guez D, Lermite FCC, Patience M, 'Tracking Changing Environments: Innovators Are Fast, but Not Flexible Learners', PloS one, 8 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0084907
Citations Scopus - 23Web of Science - 22
2012 Sol D, Griffin AS, Bartomeus I, 'Consumer and motor innovation in the common myna: The role of motivation and emotional responses', Animal Behaviour, 83 179-188 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 19Web of Science - 19
2012 Sol D, Bartomeus I, Griffin AS, 'The paradox of invasion in birds: Competitive superiority or ecological opportunism?', Oecologia, 169 553-564 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 33Web of Science - 28
2011 Sol D, Griffin AS, Bartomeus I, Boyce HM, 'Exploring or avoiding novel food resources?: The novelty conflict in an invasive bird', PLoS ONE, 6 1-7 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0019535
Citations Scopus - 41Web of Science - 42
2011 Overington SE, Griffin AS, Sol D, Lefebvre L, 'Are innovative species ecological generalists? A test in North American birds', Behavioral Ecology, 22 1286-1293 (2011)
DOI 10.1093/beheco/arr130
2011 Griffin AS, Haythorpe KM, 'Learning from watching alarmed demonstrators: Does the cause of alarm matter?', Animal Behaviour, 81 1163-1169 (2011) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 5
2010 Griffin AS, Boyce HM, Macfarlane GR, 'Social learning about places: Observers may need to detect both social alarm and its cause to learn', Animal Behaviour, 79 459-465 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.11.029
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 5
Co-authors Geoff Macfarlane
2009 Griffin AS, Boyce HM, 'Indian mynahs, Acridotheres tristis, learn about dangerous places by observing the fate of others', Animal Behaviour, 78 79-84 (2009) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.03.012
Citations Scopus - 18Web of Science - 17
2009 Griffin AS, 'Temporal limitations on social learning of novel predators by Indian Mynahs, Acridotheres tristis', Ethology, 115 287-295 (2009) [C1]
DOI 10.1111/j.1439-0310.2008.01594.x
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 6
2008 Griffin AS, 'Social learning in Indian mynahs, Acridotheres tristis: The role of distress calls', Animal Behaviour, 75 79-89 (2008) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.04.008
Citations Scopus - 18Web of Science - 16
2008 Griffin AS, 'Socially acquired predator avoidance: Is it just classical conditioning?', Brain Research Bulletin, 76 264-271 (2008) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2008.02.005
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 7
2005 Griffin AS, Savani RS, Hausmanis K, Lefebvre L, 'Mixed-species aggregations in birds: zenaida doves, Zenaida aurita, respond to the alarm calls of carib grackles, Quiscalus lugubris', ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 70 507-515 (2005) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.anbehav.2004.11.023
Citations Scopus - 24Web of Science - 24
2005 Griffin AS, Galef BG, 'Social learning about predators: Does timing matter?', Animal Behaviour, 69 669-678 (2005) [C1]

In Pavlovian conditioning, animals acquire a response to a previously neutral stimulus (conditioned stimulus, CS), such as a light, if that stimulus predicts a biologically import... [more]

In Pavlovian conditioning, animals acquire a response to a previously neutral stimulus (conditioned stimulus, CS), such as a light, if that stimulus predicts a biologically important event (unconditioned stimulus, US), such as delivery of food. Learning typically occurs when the CS precedes the US (forward conditioning), and not when the CS follows the US (backward conditioning). In social learning about predators, the predator stimulus is considered to be the CS to which observers acquire avoidance responses after the stimulus has been presented in contiguity with an alarmed demonstrator, the US. We tested the prediction that social learning of response to a predator would occur even if the social alarm cues (the US) appeared before the predatory stimulus (the CS). Carib grackles, Quiscalus lugubris, responded to a familiar predator presented at close range by suppressing alarm calls. Presentation of an unfamiliar avian model (black-and-yellow pigeon) also decreased calling, and this inhibition of calling was enhanced following a training session in which the model stimulus was presented in association with grackle alarm calls. Acquired inhibition of calling was independent of the order of presentation of the model and an alarm chorus. These are the first results to indicate that social acquisition of predator avoidance is not dependent upon a particular temporal relationship between predators and social alarm cues. Evolution may have modified some properties of Pavlovian conditioning to accommodate social learning about potentially dangerous stimuli. © 2004 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI 10.1016/j.anbehav.2004.05.020
Citations Scopus - 19
2004 Griffin AS, 'Social learning about predators: A review and prospectus', Learning and Behavior, 32 131-140 (2004) [C1]

In comparison with social learning about food, social learning about predators has received little attention. Yet such research is of potential interest to students of animal cogn... [more]

In comparison with social learning about food, social learning about predators has received little attention. Yet such research is of potential interest to students of animal cognition and conservation biologists. I summarize evidence for social learning about predators by fish, birds, eutherian mammals, and marsupials. I consider the proposal that this phenomenon is a case of S-S classical conditioning and suggest that evolution may have modified some of the properties of learning to accommodate for the requirements of learning socially about danger. I discuss some between-species differences in the properties of socially acquired predator avoidance and suggest that learning may be faster and more robust in species in which alarm behavior reliably predicts high predatory threat. Finally, I highlight how studies of socially acquired predator avoidance can inform the design of prerelease antipredator training programs for endangered species.

Citations Scopus - 185
2003 Griffin AS, Evans CS, 'Social learning of antipredator behaviour in a marsupial', ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 66 485-492 (2003) [C1]
DOI 10.1006/anbe.2003.2207
Citations Scopus - 40Web of Science - 35
2003 Griffin AS, Evans CS, 'The role of differential reinforcement in predator avoidance learning', BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES, 61 87-94 (2003) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/S0376-6357(02)00169-9
Citations Scopus - 14Web of Science - 14
2003 Griffin AS, 'Training tammar wallabies (Macropus eugenii) to respond to predators: A review linking experimental Psychology to Conservation', International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 16 111-129 (2003) [C1]
2002 Griffin AS, Evans CS, Blumstein DT, 'Selective learning in a marsupial', Ethology, 108 1103-1114 (2002) [C1]

Behavioural plasticity allows animals to adjust rapidly to local environmental conditions, but at the risk of erroneously changing behaviour in response to irrelevant events. Adap... [more]

Behavioural plasticity allows animals to adjust rapidly to local environmental conditions, but at the risk of erroneously changing behaviour in response to irrelevant events. Adaptive biases or predispositions constrain learning and reduce such potential costs. Preferential learning about complex biologically-meaningful stimuli, such as predators, has been investigated in only a few systems and there have been no experimental tests for the presence of adaptive biases in a marsupial. We have previously shown that tammar wallabies (Macropus eugenii) became fearful of a model fox (Vulpes vulpes) after it was repeatedly paired with an aversive event. Tammars generalized their acquired response to a cat (Fells catus), but not to a non-predator (juvenile goat, Capra hircus), suggesting that they might have a bias to associate predators with frightening events. The present study tested this idea directly. We used an experimental design identical to that of earlier predator-training experiments, but substituted a model goat for the fox as the stimulus predicting a capture attempt. A control group had the same total experience of the goat and of a human with a net, but without any predictive relationship between these two events. We detected no change in behaviour towards the goat, or to any of an array of control stimuli, as a consequence of training. This finding contrasts strongly with the effects of the same pairing procedure using a fox model. Taken together, these studies provide the first evidence for an adaptive predisposition to acquire a fear of predators in marsupials. Learning processes in this group are thus evolutionarily convergent with those previously described in eutherian mammals.

DOI 10.1046/j.1439-0310.2002.00840.x
Citations Scopus - 14
2002 Blumstein DT, Mari M, Daniel JC, Ardron JG, Griffin AS, Evans CS, 'Olfactory predator recognition: Wallabies may have to learn to be wary', Animal Conservation, 5 87-93 (2002) [C1]

Many species modify their behaviour in response to the scents of their predators, but species or populations living without predators may lose such abilities. This loss has been s... [more]

Many species modify their behaviour in response to the scents of their predators, but species or populations living without predators may lose such abilities. This loss has been suggested to be irreversible, and to constitute a significant hurdle in restoring historical ecosystems. Olfactory predator recognition was studied in two macropodid marsupials - the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii) and the red-necked pademelon (Thylogale thetis). Both species are in the 'critical weight range' of Australian native mammals that have been negatively affected by the introduction of novel predators since European settlement. Predator-naive animals were tested by exposing subjects simultaneously to two feeders with either a predator or a herbivore faecal or urine sample beneath the food tray. The presence of predator olfactory cues beneath the feeder did not affect foraging behaviour or feeder use when compared to control stimuli (herbivore faeces or urine). Previous studies have found that predator-experienced herbivorous marsupials modify their behaviour in the presence of predator scents. In contrast, our studies of predator-naïve individuals found no evidence of such selectivity, suggesting that marsupial herbivores may have to learn to modify their behaviour in response to olfactory cues from predators. This implies that the loss of olfactory predator recognition may not be irreversible. Animals translocated from predator-free areas could potentially be trained to recognise the smells of their predator. © 2002 The Zoological Society of London.

DOI 10.1017/S1367943002002123
Citations Scopus - 47
2001 Griffin AS, Evans CS, Blumstein DT, 'Learning specificity in acquired predator recognition', Animal Behaviour, 62 577-589 (2001) [C1]

Predator recognition is often dependent upon experience. This behavioural plasticity can potentially be exploited to enhance the antipredator behaviour of captive-bred animals, bu... [more]

Predator recognition is often dependent upon experience. This behavioural plasticity can potentially be exploited to enhance the antipredator behaviour of captive-bred animals, but it is first necessary to understand the specificity of learning. We enhanced the responses of tammar wallabies, Macropus eugenii, to a model fox, Vulpes vulpes, by presenting this novel predator in conjunction with a human simulating a capture procedure. A control group had identical total exposure to fox and human, but with no such predictive relationship between these two events. Animals that experienced paired presentations of fox and human behaved more cautiously towards the fox after training than controls. To assess whether this learnt response was specific to the fox, we presented the animals with an array of visual stimuli both before and after training. The tammars generalized their acquired response from the predator with which they were trained to a predator with which they were not trained (cat, Felis catus), but not to a nonpredator (goat, Capra hircus). Tammars also exhibited a transient increase in response to a model wallaby after training. We suggest that this effect is more likely to reflect social behaviour than generalization of the learnt response from predator to conspecific. Two additional controls revealed that changes in behaviour after training were not attributable to the presentation device and were not caused by a general decrease in response threshold associated with training. Our results suggest that tammar wallabies perceive predators as a natural category. © 2001 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour.

DOI 10.1006/anbe.2001.1781
Citations Scopus - 130
2000 Griffin AS, Blumstein DT, Evans CS, 'Training captive-bred or translocated animals to avoid predators', Conservation Biology, 14 1317-1326 (2000) [C1]

Animal reintroductions and translocations are potentially important interventions to save species from extinction, but most are unsuccessful Mortality due to predation is a princi... [more]

Animal reintroductions and translocations are potentially important interventions to save species from extinction, but most are unsuccessful Mortality due to predation is a principal cause of failure. Animals that have been isolated from predators, either throughout their lifetime or over evolutionary time, may no longer express appropriate antipredator behavior. For this reason, conservation biologists are beginning to include antipredator training in pre-release preparation procedures. We describe the evolutionary and ontogenetic circumstances under which antipredator behavior may degenerate or be lost, and we use principles from learning theory to predict which elements can be enhanced or recovered by training. The empirical literature demonstrates that training can improve antipredator skills, but the effectiveness of such interventions is influenced by a number of constraints. We predict that it will be easier to teach animals to cope with predators if they have experienced ontogenetic isolation than if they have undergone evolutionary isolation. Similarly, animals should learn more easily if they have been evolutionarily isolated from some rather than all predators. Training to a novel predator may be more successful if a species has effective responses to similar predators. In contrast, it may be difficult to teach proper avoidance behavior, or to introduce specialized predator-specific responses, if appropriate motor patterns are not already present. We conclude that pre-release training has the potential to enhance the expression of preexisting antipredator behavior. Potential training techniques involve classical conditioning procedures in which animals learn that model predators are predictors of aversive events. However, wildlife managers should be aware that problems, such as the emergence of inappropriate responses, may arise during such training.

DOI 10.1046/j.1523-1739.2000.99326.x
Citations Scopus - 215
2000 Blumstein DT, Daniel JC, Griffin AS, Evans CS, 'Insular tammar wallabies (Macropus eugenii) respond to visual but not acoustic cues from predators', Behavioral Ecology, 11 528-535 (2000) [C1]

We studied the way in which a population of tammar wallabies (Macropus eugenii), which have been isolated from mammalian predators since the last ice age, responded to the sight a... [more]

We studied the way in which a population of tammar wallabies (Macropus eugenii), which have been isolated from mammalian predators since the last ice age, responded to the sight and sound of historical and ontogenetically and evolutionarily novel predators. Tammars were shown a range of visual stimuli, including taxidermic mounts of two evolutionarily novel predators, a red fox (Vulpes vulpes) and a cat (Felis catus), and a model of an extinct predator, the thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus). Controls were a conspecific, the cart on which all mounts were presented, and blank trials in which spontaneous change in behavior was measured. We played back recorded sounds to characterize responses to acoustic cues from predators and to a putative conspecific antipredator signal. Treatments included the howls of dingoes (Canis lupus dingo), an evolutionarily novel predator; calls of a wedge-tailed eagle (Aquila audax), a historical and current predator; and wallaby foot thumps. Controls were the song of an Australian magpie (Gymnorhina tibicen) and a blank trial. After seeing a fox, wallabies thumped their hind feet in alarm, suppressed foraging, and increased looking. The sight of a cat similarly suppressed foraging and increased looking. The sounds of predators did not influence responsiveness, but wallabies foraged less and looked more after thump playbacks. Our results suggest that tammars respond to the sight, but not the sounds, of predators. In contrast, the response to foot thumps demonstrates that this particular sound functions as an antipredator signal. We suggest that responsiveness to visual cues has been preserved under relaxed selection because predator morphology is convergent, but vocalizations are not.

Citations Scopus - 90
1998 Etienne AS, Maurer R, Berlie J, Derivaz V, Georgakopoulos J, Griffin AS, Rowe T, 'Cooperation between dead reckoning (path integration) and external position cues', Journal of Navigation, 51 23-34 (1998) [C1]
1998 Griffin AS, Etienne AS, 'Updating the path integrator through a visual fix', Psychobiology, 26 240-248 (1998) [C1]
Show 35 more journal articles

Review (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2010 Griffin AS, 'Learning and conservation', Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior (2010) [D1]

Other (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2016 Neumann DL, Webb S, Paolini S, Griffin AS, O'Donnell AW, 'Affective learning about racial in-group and out-group members', Proceedings of the European Conference on Psychology and the Behavioral Sciences (2016)
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 28
Total funding $971,019

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20164 grants / $8,800

Behaviour of common mynas$2,400

Funding body: Marco Chiandetti

Funding body Marco Chiandetti
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2016
Funding Finish 2016
GNo G1601208
Type Of Funding Donation - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFD
UON Y

Centre for Brain and Mental Health Infrastructure Funding Round$2,400

Funding body: Priority Research Centre Brain and Mental Health

Funding body Priority Research Centre Brain and Mental Health
Project Team

Griffin, A.S., Hansbro, P.

Scheme Infrastructure Funding
Role Lead
Funding Start 2016
Funding Finish 2016
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

Centre for Brain and Mental Healthy Infrastructure Funding Round$2,000

Funding body: Priority Research Centre Brain and Mental Health

Funding body Priority Research Centre Brain and Mental Health
Project Team

Griffin, A.S.

Scheme Infrastructure Funding
Role Lead
Funding Start 2016
Funding Finish 2016
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

Faculty PVC Conference Assistance Grant 2016$2,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team

Griffin, A.S.

Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2016
Funding Finish 2016
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

20154 grants / $89,000

A targeted approach to containing the spread of pest birds: genetic identification of invasion pathways of the common (Indian) myna$76,000

Funding body: Australian Museum

Funding body Australian Museum
Project Team

Major, R., Griffin, A.S. & Kark, S.

Scheme Australian Museum Foundation Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2017
GNo
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - State
Category 2OPS
UON N

How well do people fit their social group and thus should be stereotyped?$9,000

Funding body: Keats Endowment Research Fund

Funding body Keats Endowment Research Fund
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin, Doctor Stefania Paolini
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2016
GNo G1500215
Type Of Funding Grant - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFG
UON Y

Do common mynas pose a threat to native secondary cavity nester?$2,000

Funding body: Hunter Bird Observers Club

Funding body Hunter Bird Observers Club
Project Team Mrs Francoise Lermite, Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme Wilma Barden Memorial Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2015
GNo G1501145
Type Of Funding Grant - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFG
UON Y

Faculty PVC Conference Assistance Grant 2015$2,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team

Griffin, A.S.

Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2015
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

20145 grants / $452,976

The role of behavioural interactions in shaping invasion dynamics: A global synthesis using the common myna as a model system$310,000

Invasive species have detrimental effects on human health, the economy and native biodiversity. This study will address a major gap in our scientific understanding of invasions by undertaking the first large-scale examination of the role of interactions between species in determining the success, dynamics and rate of biological invasions. The project will integrate data, across four continents, on dispersal, demography, breeding and behavioural interactions into one framework to create a cutting-edge model of invasion dynamics using the highly invasive common myna as a model system. This novel approach will significantly advance theoretical developments in invasion biology and will inform pest management and threat mitigation globally.

Funding body: ARC (Australian Research Council)

Funding body ARC (Australian Research Council)
Project Team

Kark, S. Griffin, A.S. Blackburn, T., van Renseburg, B., Lockwood, J.

Scheme Discovery Project
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2017
GNo
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Commonwealth
Category 1CS
UON N

OvoControl contraception as a myna management tool $73,751

Funding body: NSW Environmental Trust

Funding body NSW Environmental Trust
Project Team Professor John Rodger, Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme Environmental Research (Major Grant)
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2015
GNo G1300311
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Non Commonwealth
Category 1NS
UON Y

The role of behavioural interactions in shaping invasion dynamics: A global synthesis using the common myna as a model system$45,000

Funding body: ARC (Australian Research Council)

Funding body ARC (Australian Research Council)
Project Team Associate Professor Salit Kark, Doctor Andrea Griffin, Professor Timothy Blackburn, Dr Berndt Van Rensburg, Associate Professor Julie Lockwood
Scheme Discovery Projects
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2016
GNo G1400515
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Commonwealth
Category 1CS
UON Y

Behaviour and social dynamics of crop raiding in Asian elephants: does social learning influence behaviour around beehive fence protected farms?$22,225

Funding body: Mr Des Carty

Funding body Mr Des Carty
Project Team Conjoint Professor Natalie Moltschaniwskyj, Doctor Andrea Griffin, Dr Lucy King
Scheme Memorial Scholarship
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2017
GNo G1400301
Type Of Funding Donation - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFD
UON Y

Faculty PVC Conference Assistance Grant 2014$2,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme PVC Conference Assistance Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1401191
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20133 grants / $13,998

The movement ecology of Indian Mynas (Sturnus tristis) in Lake Macquarie Council: assessing Myna movement patterns and their implications for control measures$9,851

Funding body: Lake Macquarie City Council

Funding body Lake Macquarie City Council
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin, Ms Marie Diquelou
Scheme Lake Macquarie Environmental Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2013
GNo G1200119
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Local
Category 2OPL
UON Y

Cognition and brains of ecological invaders$2,147

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme Strategic Initiative Research Fund (SIRF)
Role Lead
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2013
GNo G1401034
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

Faculty PVC Conference Assistance Grant 2013$2,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme PVC Conference Assistance Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2013
GNo G1401159
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20124 grants / $58,215

Population control and adaptation to trapping in Indian mynas, Acridotheres tristis: mechanisms and recommendations$36,262

Funding body: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Australia

Funding body Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Australia
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme Australian Pest Animal Research Program (APARP)
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2013
GNo G1200141
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Commonwealth
Category 2OPC
UON Y

Understanding the behavioural and neuroendocrine mechanisms of invasiveness in an avian system: do Indian mynahs display a dopaminergic-dependent invasion syndrome?$12,211

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin, Associate Professor Chris Dayas, Doctor David Guez
Scheme Strategic Small Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2012
GNo G1401098
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

DRD4 dopamine receptor genetics and microsatellite assays in the Indian myna: key analyses for future grants.$8,250

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme Strategic Initiative Research Fund (SIRF)
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2012
GNo G1401021
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

Parent-offspring transmission of trap avoidance by Indian mynas in the wild$1,492

Funding body: Ecological Society of Australia Incorporated (ESA)

Funding body Ecological Society of Australia Incorporated (ESA)
Project Team Miss Marie Diquelou, Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme Student Research Award
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1200871
Type Of Funding Grant - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFG
UON Y

20111 grants / $43,218

Behavioural flexibility and adaptation to trapping procedures in the Indian Mynah, Acridotheres tristis: mechanism and solutions$43,218

Funding body: Wyong Shire Council

Funding body Wyong Shire Council
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2011
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1100691
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Local
Category 2OPL
UON Y

20103 grants / $42,750

Indian Mynah (Acridotheres tristis) population expansion in the Hunter region: Underlying mechanisms and management solutions$33,750

Funding body: Port Stephens Council

Funding body Port Stephens Council
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2010
Funding Finish 2012
GNo G0900248
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Local
Category 2OPL
UON Y

Learning, cognition and evology of the Indian mynah (Acridotheres tristis)$5,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme New Staff Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2010
Funding Finish 2010
GNo G1000698
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

Growing Anxious of Ethnic Others: Investigating the role of Observational Learning and Prior Intergroup Contact in the Development of Intergroup Email.$4,000

Funding body: Keats Endowment Research Fund

Funding body Keats Endowment Research Fund
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin, Doctor Stefania Paolini
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2010
Funding Finish 2010
GNo G0900231
Type Of Funding Grant - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFG
UON Y

20091 grants / $9,962

Indian mynah (Acridotheres tristis) population expansion in the Hunter region: Underlying mechanisms and management solutions $9,962

Funding body: The Tom Farrell Institute

Funding body The Tom Farrell Institute
Project Team

A.S. Griffin & K. Haythorpe

Scheme Scholarships
Role Lead
Funding Start 2009
Funding Finish 2010
GNo
Type Of Funding Not Known
Category UNKN
UON N

20071 grants / $1,100

International Brain Research Organisation satellite symposium: Brian mechanisms, cognition and behaviour in birds, 19/7/2007 - 23/7/2007, Heron Island QLD$1,100

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2007
Funding Finish 2007
GNo G0187381
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20061 grants / $10,000

Video playback: a novel approach to studying the cultural transmission of predator avoidance$10,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme Early Career Researcher Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2006
Funding Finish 2006
GNo G0186695
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20051 grants / $241,000

Social learning about predators: is it just Pavlovian conditioning?$241,000

Funding body: ARC (Australian Research Council)

Funding body ARC (Australian Research Council)
Project Team Doctor Andrea Griffin
Scheme Discovery Projects
Role Lead
Funding Start 2005
Funding Finish 2007
GNo G0184378
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Commonwealth
Category 1CS
UON Y
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Research Supervision

Number of supervisions

Completed1
Current8

Total current UON EFTSL

PhD2.6

Current Supervision

Commenced Level of Study Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2014 PhD Biological, behavioural and life history traits associated with range expansion of common mynas (Acridotheres tristis)
PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2014 PhD Predator Avoidance and Learning in pygmy Squid
PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2014 PhD Behaviour and social dynamics of crop-raiding in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus): can beehive fencing mitigate human-elephant conflict in a highly crop-raided region of Sri Lanka?
PhD (Environmental Sc), Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2011 PhD Conditioning Causes Shifts in Group Exemplars' Perceived Prototypicality: Investigating Mechanisms of Stereotype Formation and Change
PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2011 PhD Responses of Invasive Birds to Control: The Case of Common Mynas in Australia
PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2007 Honours Developing a technique for studying social learning in Indian mynahs: a comparison between responses to model and video stimuli
Psychology, University of Newcastle
Sole Supervisor
2007 Honours Social learning of trap avoidance in Indian mynahs (Acridotheres tristis)
Biol Sc Not Elsewhere Classifd, University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2007 Honours Developing a technique for studying social learning in Indian mynahs: a comparison between responses to model and video stimuli
Psychology, University of Newcastle
Sole Supervisor

Past Supervision

Year Level of Study Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2015 PhD An Investigation into the Acquisition, Generalization, Facilitation and Immunization of Intergroup Anxiety
PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
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Dr Andrea Griffin

Position

Senior Lecturer
School of Psychology
Faculty of Science and Information Technology

Focus area

Psychology

Contact Details

Email andrea.griffin@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 4348 4393
Fax (02) 4921 6980

Office

Room SO.153 (Ourimbah)
Building Science Offices
Location Ourimbah
10 Chittaway Road
Ourimbah, NSW 2258
Australia
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