The University of Newcastle, Australia

Researchers map emerging disadvantage in Australia due to COVID-19 job loss

Tuesday, 19 May 2020

A new report reveals the areas that are most at risk of COVID-19 related job loss, with researchers pinpointing more than 100 locations of emerging disadvantage in Australia.

Professor Bill MitchellThe updated ‘Employment Vulnerability Index (EVI) 3.0’, created by researchers at the University of Newcastle and Griffith University, maps Australian suburbs that are susceptible to economic and social disadvantage due to COVID-19 job losses.

The EVI 3.0 uses Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Census data to calculate an index score for towns and cities with a population of 10,000 people or more.

Co-authors Professor Bill Mitchell from the University of Newcastle and Professor Scott Baum from Griffith combined previous EVI data and insights on the jobs most affected by an economic downturn to model COVID-19’s effect on more than 80% of Australians.

EVI 3.0 identifies two groups at risk of job losses: historically disadvantaged areas and an emerging group that have not suffered historical disadvantage, but are likely to experience social and economic pain.

Professor Bill Mitchell said across Australia, 108 locations were identified as areas of emerging disadvantage, adding to the list of 97 locations with existing disadvantage.

“Regional areas will be hit hard. Of the 108 areas of emerging disadvantage, 69 fall in non-metropolitan regions compared to 39 in metropolitan areas,” Professor Mitchell said.

“For disadvantaged suburbs in smaller non-metropolitan regions where the spectre of job loss is more widespread across entire towns or regions, any rise in employment disadvantage is likely to see more significant impacts.”

Professor Baum said the two groups, emerging and historically disadvantaged localities, raised different issues for policy makers.

“For the group we call ‘existing disadvantage job loss suburbs’, further labour market disadvantage will cement the social and economic malaise experienced by these communities and widen the gap with the rest of the nation,” Professor Baum said.

He said the outcomes were different for the second ‘emerging disadvantaged job loss’ group, as some workers will transition with the economy, while others may not be so lucky.

“The challenges may include household and community burdens associated with increasing localised financial hardship or increases in a range of social problems seen in places that have been disadvantaged over a longer term,” Professor Baum said.

“How deep and long these potential impacts will be is a matter of wait and see.”

Professor Mitchell warned that withdrawing government support after the crisis is over may undo any positive outcomes.

“There is a real danger that the government will retract its support mechanisms too soon. This is something we have seen before,” Professor Mitchell said.

“Ultimately how these suburbs and localities fare will depend on the impact of the Federal Government’s economic rescue package and the depth of the economic downturn. Outcomes may not be as bad as some have predicted.”

The full EVI 3.0 report is available online and includes a heat map tool for Australia.

Professor Bill Mitchell is Director of the University of Newcastle’s Centre of Full Employment and Equity. Professor Scott Baum is a member of Griffith University’s Cities Research Institute and Policy Innovation Hub.

map

The red zones indicate areas of emerging disadvantage in NSW Hunter region and surrounds. 


EMERGING DISADVANTAGE JOB LOSS LOCALITIES, METROPOLITAN REGIONS

Sydney

  • Green Valley
  • Edensor Park

Melbourne

  • Epping - South
  • Gladstone Park - Westmeadows
  • Greenvale - Bulla
  • Craigieburn - Central
  • Hallam
  • Narre Warren North
  • Narre Warren - North East
  • Cranbourne South
  • Pearcedale - Tooradin
  • Narre Warren South (East)
  • Cairnlea
  • Delahey
  • Taylors Lakes
  • Dromana
  • Point Nepean
  • Rosebud – McCrae

Brisbane

  • Sunnybank
  • Bribie Island
  • Upper Caboolture

Adelaide

  • Lewiston - Two Wells
  • Craigmore - Blakeview
  • Salisbury East
  • Hackham - Onkaparinga Hills
  • Morphett Vale – East

Perth

  • Dawesville - Bouvard
  • Falcon - Wannanup
  • Greenfields
  • Halls Head - Erskine
  • Pinjarra
  • Ballajura
  • Stratton - Jane Brook
  • Alexander Heights - Koondoola
  • Marangaroo
  • Mindarie - Quinns Rocks - Jindalee
  • Cooloongup
  • Warnbro

Hobart

  • Brighton – Pontville

EMERGING DISADVANTAGE JOB LOSS LOCALITIES, NON-METROPOLITAN REGIONS

New South Wales

  • Batemans Bay
  • Blue Haven - San Remo
  • Budgewoi - Buff Point - Halekulani
  • Lake Munmorah - Mannering Park
  • Summerland Point - Gwandalan
  • Toukley - Norah Head
  • Forster
  • Mudgee
  • Maitland - West
  • Belmont South - Blacksmiths
  • Singleton
  • St Georges Basin - Erowal Bay
  • Ulladulla

Victoria

  • Delacombe
  • Colac
  • Moama
  • Echuca
  • Portland

Queensland

  • Tweed Heads
  • Banora Point
  • Mermaid Waters
  • Coolangatta
  • Currumbin Waters
  • Arundel
  • Coombabah
  • Currumbin Valley - Tallebudgera
  • Highland Park
  • Nerang - Mount Nathan
  • Jacobs Well - Alberton
  • Merrimac
  • Ashmore
  • Molendinar
  • Southport - North
  • Bundall
  • Surfers Paradise
  • Gympie - South
  • Urangan - Wondunna
  • Andergrove - Beaconsfield
  • Slade Point
  • South Mackay
  • Sippy Downs
  • Buddina - Minyama
  • Caloundra - West
  • Golden Beach - Pelican Waters
  • Noosa Heads
  • Noosaville
  • Sunshine Beach
  • Tewantin
  • Warwick

South Australia

  • Mount Gambier - East
  • Mount Gambier - West
  • Goolwa - Port Elliot
  • Victor Harbor

Western Australia

  • McKail - Willyung
  • Australind - Leschenault
  • Eaton - Pelican Point
  • East Bunbury - Glen Iris
  • Busselton
  • Busselton Region
  • Boulder
  • Kalgoorlie
  • Two Rocks
  • Mandurah - East
  • Mandurah - North
  • Mandurah – South

Tasmania

  • Romaine - Havenview
  • Somerset
  • Quoiba - Spreyton
  • Ulverstone

EXISTING DISADVANTAGE JOB LOSS LOCALITIES, METROPOLITAN AREAS

Sydney

  • Bidwill - Hebersham - Emerton
  • Punchbowl
  • Auburn - Central
  • Auburn - North
  • Auburn - South
  • Fairfield - East
  • Ashcroft - Busby - Miller
  • Bonnyrigg Heights - Bonnyrigg
  • Cabramatta - Lansvale
  • Cabramatta West - Mount Pritchard
  • Canley Vale - Canley Heights
  • Fairfield
  • Fairfield - West
  • Greenfield Park – Prairiewood

Melbourne

  • Lalor
  • Thomastown
  • Broadmeadows
  • Campbellfield - Coolaroo
  • Meadow Heights
  • Roxburgh Park - Somerton
  • Doveton
  • Dandenong
  • Springvale
  • Springvale South
  • Noble Park - West
  • Kings Park (Vic.)
  • St Albans - North
  • St Albans - South
  • Sunshine North

Brisbane

  • Redland Islands
  • Inala - Richlands
  • Beenleigh
  • Eagleby
  • Logan Central
  • Woodridge
  • Caboolture – South

Adelaide

  • Davoren Park
  • Elizabeth
  • Elizabeth East
  • Smithfield - Elizabeth North
  • Parafield Gardens
  • Paralowie
  • Salisbury
  • Salisbury North
  • Christie Downs
  • Hackham West - Huntfield Heights
  • Morphett Vale - West
  • The Parks
  • Perth
  • Mandurah
  • Girrawheen
  • Calista
  • Parmelia – Orelia

Hobart

  • Bridgewater - Gagebrook
  • Mornington - Warrane
  • Rokeby
  • Berriedale - Chigwell
  • Claremont (Tas.)
  • Glenorchy

EXISTING DISADVANTAGE JOB LOSS LOCALITIES, NON-METROPOLITAN REGIONS


New South Wales

  • Lavington
  • Wyong
  • Tuncurry
  • Muswellbrook
  • Cessnock
  • Kurri Kurri - Abermain
  • Raymond Terrace
  • Mount Hutton - Windale
  • Beresfield - Hexham
  • Shortland - Jesmond
  • Wingham
  • Berkeley - Lake Heights - Cringila
  • Warilla

Victoria

  • Wendouree - Miners Rest
  • California Gully - Eaglehawk
  • Corio - Norlane
  • Newcomb – Moolap

Queensland

  • Svensson Heights - Norville
  • Walkervale - Avenell Heights
  • Tweed Heads South
  • Gympie - North
  • Mackay
  • Granville
  • Berserker
  • Lakes Creek

South Australia

  • Murray Bridge
  • Port Pirie
  • Whyalla

Tasmania

  • Acton - Upper Burnie
  • Burnie - Wivenhoe
  • Wynyard
  • Devonport
  • East Devonport
  • Invermay
  • Mowbray
  • Newnham - Mayfield
  • Ravenswood
  • Waverley - St Leonards
  • West Ulverstone

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