The University of Newcastle, Australia

Mental illness going unrecognised in country communities

Wednesday, 20 June 2018

Researchers have found that one third of country people experiencing psychological distress don’t identify as having a mental health problem.

Grass blowing in the wind

That's the key finding of research published today in the Australian Journal of Rural Health, the National Rural Health Alliance's peer reviewed journal.

Two and a half thousand people were surveyed from across rural and remote New South Wales by researchers at the University of Newcastle and Hunter New England Mental Health, including lead author, Dr Tonelle Handley.

Respondents were asked if they'd experienced any mental health problems in the past twelve months, and then filled in a questionnaire that measures psychological distress.

472 people reported moderate to very high levels of psychological distress in the past twelve months.  A third of these people did not report any mental health problems.

The survey, called "Self recognition of mental health problems in a rural Australian sample", breaks new ground in rural mental health research.  It shows that a significant portion of country people have problems identifying mental illness.

The new study said that mental illness in rural areas is often under reported because of the lack of mental health professionals working in the country.  But it noted that rural people are less likely to seek help even if services are available.

The study said "poor mental health literacy" is a critical barrier to country people getting the help they need.

It adds that country people are reluctant to acknowledge distress as a problem, and have a tendency to associate ‘mental health problems’ with severe disorders that might require hospitalisation.

The authors are calling for a public health campaign that specifically targets country people.


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