When writing essays or reports, you may use ideas or information from a number of sources such as books, journal articles, newspapers and websites to support your  work. However, you must acknowledge sources you have used and give credit to the original authors. This allows others to find  sources you have quoted or paraphrased. You must also provide a List of References or Bibliography. This is known as referencing or citing.

What is a reference or citation?

No matter which reference style you use, certain essential information must be used. The Elements of a Citation guide provides help on the basic elements for a citation for a book, journal article, ebook and a chapter in a book.

Referencing styles

Referencing styles provide the 'rules'  to arrange information for references. There are many different styles, including  APA 6th, Harvard, Chicago and Vancouver. Check with your lecturer for the required referencing style for your subject.

Our REFERENCING GUIDE includes information on different referencing styles, how to reference using specific examples, academic integrity and more.

Managing your references using a Citation Management Program

As well as typing your references manually into your Word document, there are Citation Management Programs which work with Microsoft Word that can input your references for you. These programs allow you to enter bibliographic information into a template and with a few clicks your referencing is done.

UON recommended citation management programs

Zotero: for Undergraduate and Enabling students

Mendeley: for Undergraduates and Enabling students

EndNote Online: for Undergraduates and Enabling students

EndNote: for Academics, Research Assistants, PhD, Masters or Honours students.

However, for students who will be working with a small number of references (15 or less) we suggest you consider using citation management programs such as Mendeley or Zotero.

Learn more about how to manage your references

Book a Librarian

For assistance with referencing and citations you can Book a Librarian who can show you where to find information on you referencing style.