When writing essays or reports, you may use ideas or information from a number of sources such as books, journal articles, newspapers and websites to support your own work. However, you must acknowledge the sources that you have used and give credit to the original authors. This allows other people to find the source that you have quoted or paraphrased. You must also provide a List of References or Bibliography. This is known as referencing or citing. Learn more about how to manage your references.

Referencing Styles

There are many different styles of referencing styles, such as APA 6th, Harvard, Chicago and Vancouver. You need to check with your lecturer for the required referencing style for your particular subject.

UoN Referencing Guide: includes information on how to reference sources, different referencing styles, academic integrity, and more.

Library Classes

To assist you to correctly reference your sources, the Library offers Library Classes  to help in identifying the elements of a citation. If you can reference accurately, no matter what style you use, you will not lose marks allocated to referencing in your assessment tasks.

Managing your references using a Citation Management Program

As well as typing your references manually into your Word document, there are Citation Management Programs which work with Microsoft Word that can input your references for you. These programs allow you to enter bibliographic information into a template and with a few clicks your referencing is done.

UoN recommended citation management programs

Zotero: for Undergraduate and Enabling students

Mendeley: for Undergraduates and Enabling students

EndNote Online: for Undergraduates and Enabling students

EndNote: for Academics, Research Assistants, PhD, Masters or Honours students. 

However, for students who will be working with a small number of references (15 or less) we suggest you consider using citation management programs such as Mendeley or Zotero.

Learn more about how to manage your references