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Dr Bill Budd

Lecturer

School of Psychology (Psychology)

Career Summary

Biography

Dr T.W. (Bill) Budd is an early career researcher with a strong record of research training and achievement at a national and international level in cognitive neuroscience. He possesses a comprehensive research background in sensory and cognitive experimental psychology, psychophysiology and psychopathology. He holds a PhD in psychology from the University of Western Australia (Awarded with Distinction) and an Honours degree in psychology from the University of New England (First Class). He has 10 publications in international peer-reviewed journals, including original first authored research in high-impact scientific publications. Through several pre- and post-doctoral research positions, Dr Budd has achieved a high level of skill and experience in research design, methodology and analysis within conceptually and technically demanding research fields; specialising in EEG, auditory event-related potential and functional magnetic resonance imaging research. These have included both clinical and non-clinical research at the University of Sydney's Neuroscience Unit, Westmead Hospital; Macquarie University; Centre for Clinical Research in Neuropsychiatry, Graylands Hospital Perth and the Department of Psychology, University of Western Australia. Following the award of his PhD in 2000, he commenced a postdoctoral position with the Medical Research Council's Institute of Hearing Research, Nottingham, UK. This appointment provided him with a unique opportunity to further his skills and experience in auditory psychophysics and fMRI research by working directly with senior British auditory neurophysiologists and psychoacousticians and in collaboration with the 2003 Nobel laureate Sir Peter Mansfield's group at the Magnetic Resonance Centre, University of Nottingham.

Research Expertise
I am an early career researcher working within the field of Cognitive Neuroscience. I employ brain imaging techniques, such as electroencephalography (event-related potentials (ERP) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to determining the relationship between macroscopic measures of human brain activity and sensory and perceptual processes. The primary focus of this research is to determine the correspondence between key temporal aspects of auditory perception and macroscopic neurophysiological activity in the human brain. The potential benefit of this research is not only to increase our understanding of the neural basis of auditory temporal processing but also to understand the fundamental role that relatively subtle dysfunction in these neural mechanisms may have in a number of organic brain disorders.

Teaching Expertise
Teaching expertise consists of preperation and delivery of lectures at 1st, 2nd and 3rd year level as well as research supervision at 4th year and cosupervision of PHD students within the areas of cognitive neuroscience and auditory sensation and perception. 

Qualifications

  • PhD, University of Western Australia
  • Bachelor of Arts (Honours), University of New England
  • Bachelor of Social Science, University of New England

Keywords

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Electroencephalography
  • Event-related Potential
  • Psychopathology
  • Psychophysics
  • Research Methods
  • Schizophrenia
  • Sensation and Perception
  • fMRI

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
110999 Neurosciences not elsewhere classified 10
170101 Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology) 60
170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance 30

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Lecturer University of Newcastle
School of Psychology
Australia

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/01/2012 - 31/12/2013 Editorial Board - International Journal of Psychophysiology International Journal of Psychophysiology
Australia
1/03/2007 -  Lecturer University of Newcastle
School of Psychology
Australia
1/01/2003 -  Research Fellow University of Newcastle
School of Psychology
Australia
1/05/2000 - 1/12/2002 Postdoctoral Scientist MRC Medical Research Council UK
Institute of Hearing Research
1/03/1996 - 1/11/1998 Research officer The University of Western Australia
Centre for Clinical Research in Neuropsychiatry
Australia
1/03/1995 - 1/04/2000 Graduate Research Assistant The University of Western Australia
Department of Psychology
Australia
1/07/1993 - 1/03/1995 Research Assistant Macquarie University
Psychology
Australia
1/01/1991 - 1/04/1993 Research Assitant Westmead Hospital
Department of Psychiatry

Membership

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/01/2012 -  Membership - International Organisation of Psychophysiology International Organisation of Psychophysiology
Australia
1/01/2011 -  Membership - Executive Committee Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Executive Committee Australasian Society for Psychophysiology
Australia
1/01/2008 -  Membership - Australian Schizophrenia Research Bank Australian Schizophrenia Research Bank
Australia
1/01/2007 -  Membership - National Institute of Schizophrenia and Allied Disorders (NISAD) National Institute of Schizophrenia and Allied Disorders (NISAD)
Australia
1/01/2006 - 31/12/2007 Membership - Society for Neuroscience Society for Neuroscience
United States
1/01/2003 -  Member of the Cognitive Neuroscience Research Panel National Institute of Schizophrenia and Allied Disorders (NISAD)
Australia
1/01/1991 -  Membership - Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Australasian Society for Psychophysiology
Australia

Awards

Distinction

Year Award
2001 University Distinction
The University of Western Australia

Recognition

Year Award
2003 Young Investigator of the Year
Hunter Medical Research Institute (HMRI)

Invitations

Participant

Year Title / Rationale
2004 Neuroimaging Auditory Temporal Processing in Schizophrenia
Organisation: Hirosaki Medical School
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Journal article (29 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Hubbard IJ, Carey LM, Budd TW, Levi C, McElduff P, Hudson S, et al., 'A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effect of Early Upper-Limb Training on Stroke Recovery and Brain Activation.', Neurorehabil Neural Repair, 29 703-713 (2015)
DOI 10.1177/1545968314562647
Co-authors Mark Parsons, Isobel Hubbard, Patrick Mcelduff
2015 Hubbard IJ, Carey LM, Budd TW, Parsons MW, 'Reorganizing therapy: changing the clinical approach to upper limb recovery post-stroke.', Occup Ther Int, 22 28-35 (2015)
DOI 10.1002/oti.1381
Co-authors Mark Parsons, Isobel Hubbard
2014 Harms L, Fulham WR, Todd J, Budd TW, Hunter M, Meehan C, et al., 'Mismatch negativity (MMN) in freely-moving rats with several experimental controls', PLoS ONE, 9 (2014) [C1]

Mismatch negativity (MMN) is a scalp-recorded electrical potential that occurs in humans in response to an auditory stimulus that defies previously established patterns of regular... [more]

Mismatch negativity (MMN) is a scalp-recorded electrical potential that occurs in humans in response to an auditory stimulus that defies previously established patterns of regularity. MMN amplitude is reduced in people with schizophrenia. In this study, we aimed to develop a robust and replicable rat model of MMN, as a platform for a more thorough understanding of the neurobiology underlying MMN. One of the major concerns for animal models of MMN is whether the rodent brain is capable of producing a human-like MMN, which is not a consequence of neural adaptation to repetitive stimuli. We therefore tested several methods that have been used to control for adaptation and differential exogenous responses to stimuli within the oddball paradigm. Epidural electroencephalographic electrodes were surgically implanted over different cortical locations in adult rats. Encephalographic data were recorded using wireless telemetry while the freely-moving rats were presented with auditory oddball stimuli to assess mismatch responses. Three control sequences were utilized: the flip-flop control was used to control for differential responses to the physical characteristics of standards and deviants; the many standards control was used to control for differential adaptation, as was the cascade control. Both adaptation and adaptation-independent deviance detection were observed for high frequency (pitch), but not low frequency deviants. In addition, the many standards control method was found to be the optimal method for observing both adaptation effects and adaptation-independent mismatch responses in rats. Inconclusive results arose from the cascade control design as it is not yet clear whether rats can encode the complex pattern present in the control sequence. These data contribute to a growing body of evidence supporting the hypothesis that rat brain is indeed capable of exhibiting human-like MMN, and that the rat model is a viable platform for the further investigation of the MMN and its associated neurobiology.

DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0110892
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 5
Co-authors Deborah Hodgson, Mick Hunter, Ulrich Schall, Juanita Todd, Pat Michie
2014 Hughes ME, Budd TW, Fulham WR, Lancaster S, Woods W, Rossell SL, Michie PT, 'Sustained brain activation supporting stop-signal task performance', European Journal of Neuroscience, 39 1363-1369 (2014) [C1]

Stop-signal paradigms operationalize a basic test of goal-directed behaviour whereby an overarching stop goal that is performed intermittently must be maintained throughout ongoin... [more]

Stop-signal paradigms operationalize a basic test of goal-directed behaviour whereby an overarching stop goal that is performed intermittently must be maintained throughout ongoing performance of a reaction time go task (go goal). Previous studies of sustained brain activation during stop-signal task performance in humans did not observe activation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) that, in concert with the parietal cortex, is known to subserve goal maintenance. Here we explored the hypothesis that a DLPFC and parietal network has a key role in supporting ongoing stop-signal task performance. We used a blocked functional magnetic resonance imaging design that included blocks of trials containing typical stop-signal paradigm stimuli that were performed under three conditions: Stop condition, which required reaction time responding to go stimuli and inhibition of cued responses upon presentation of a stop signal; Go condition, identical except that the tone was ignored; and Passive condition, which required only quiescent attention to stimuli. We found that, whereas a distributed corticothalamic network was more active in Stop compared with Go, only the right DLPFC and bilateral parietal cortex survived after masking that contrast with Stop compared with Passive. These findings indicate that sustained activation of a right dominant frontoparietal network supports stop goal processes during ongoing performance of the stop-signal task. © 2014 Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

DOI 10.1111/ejn.12497
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
Co-authors Pat Michie
2014 Timothy B, 'Keynote Address: Integrating Time and Repetition; The Psychophysiology of Temporal Processing.', Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8 (2014) [E3]
DOI 10.3389/conf.fnhum.2014.216.00037
2013 Justin T, Timothy B, 'Cross-Modal Modulation Masking: A Psychophysical and EEG Investigation of Simultaneous Acoustic and Vibrotactile Amplitude Modulation.', Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7 (2013)
DOI 10.3389/conf.fnhum.2013.213.00006
2013 Budd TW, Nakamura T, Fulham WR, Todd J, Schall U, Hunter M, et al., 'Repetition suppression of the rat auditory evoked potential at brief stimulus intervals', BRAIN RESEARCH, 1498 59-68 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.brainres.2012.12.033
Citations Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Juanita Todd, Mick Hunter, Ulrich Schall, Deborah Hodgson, Pat Michie
2013 Hughes ME, Johnston PJ, Fulham WR, Budd TW, Michie PT, 'Stop-signal task difficulty and the right inferior frontal gyrus', Behavioural Brain Research, 256 205-213 (2013) [C1]

The stop-signal paradigm is increasingly being used as a probe of response inhibition in basic and clinical neuroimaging research. The critical feature of this task is that a cued... [more]

The stop-signal paradigm is increasingly being used as a probe of response inhibition in basic and clinical neuroimaging research. The critical feature of this task is that a cued response is countermanded by a secondary 'stop-signal' stimulus offset from the first by a 'stop-signal delay'. Here we explored the role of task difficulty in the stop-signal task with the hypothesis that what is critical for successful inhibition is the time available for stopping, that we define as the difference between stop-signal onset and the expected response time (approximated by reaction time from previous trial). We also used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine how the time available for stopping affects activity in the putative right inferior frontal gyrus and presupplementary motor area (right IFG-preSMA) network that is known to support stopping. While undergoing fMRI scanning, participants performed a stop-signal variant where the time available for stopping was kept approximately constant across participants, which enabled us to compare how the time available for stopping affected stop-signal task difficulty both within and between subjects. Importantly, all behavioural and neuroimaging data were consistent with previous findings. We found that the time available for stopping distinguished successful from unsuccessful inhibition trials, was independent of stop-signal delay, and affected successful inhibition depending upon individual SSRT. We also found that right IFG and adjacent anterior insula were more strongly activated during more difficult stopping. These findings may have critical implications for stop-signal studies that compare different patient or other groups using fixed stop-signal delays. © 2013 .

DOI 10.1016/j.bbr.2013.08.026
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 5
Co-authors Pat Michie
2013 Barry RJ, Broyd SJ, Bruggemann JM, Budd TW, Johnstone SJ, Rushby JA, Smith JL, 'Psychophysiology in Australasia Selected papers from the 22nd Annual Meeting of the Australasian Society for Psychophysiology, ASP2012, held at the University of New South Wales, Sydney,. Australia, 28-30 November 2012', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, 89 285-287 (2013) [C3]
DOI 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2013.08.004
2013 Timora JR, Budd TW, 'Dissociation of psychophysical and EEG steady-state response measures of cross-modal temporal correspondence for amplitude modulated acoustic and vibrotactile stimulation', International Journal of Psychophysiology, 89 433-443 (2013) [C1]

Research examining multisensory integration suggests that the correspondence of stimulus characteristics across modalities (cross-modal correspondence) can have a dramatic influen... [more]

Research examining multisensory integration suggests that the correspondence of stimulus characteristics across modalities (cross-modal correspondence) can have a dramatic influence on both neurophysiological and perceptual responses to multimodal stimulation. The current study extends prior research by examining the cross-modal correspondence of amplitude modulation rate for simultaneous acoustic and vibrotactile stimulation using EEG and perceptual measures of sensitivity to amplitude modulation. To achieve this, psychophysical thresholds and steady-state responses (SSRs) were measured for acoustic and vibrotactile amplitude modulated (AM) stimulation for 21 and 40. Hz AM rates as a function of the cross-modal correspondence. The study design included three primary conditions to determine whether the changes in the SSR and psychophysical thresholds were due to the cross-modal temporal correspondence of amplitude modulated stimuli: NONE (AM in one modality only), SAME (the same AM rate for each modality) and DIFF (different AM rates for each modality). The results of the psychophysical analysis showed that AM detection thresholds for the simultaneous AM conditions (i.e., SAME and DIFF) were significantly higher (i.e., lower sensitivity) than AM detection thresholds for the stimulation of a single modality (i.e., NONE). SSR results showed significant effects of SAME and DIFF conditions on SSR activity. The different pattern of results for perceptual and SSR measures of cross-modal correspondence of AM rate indicates a dissociation between entrained cortical activity (i.e., SSR) and perception. © 2013.

DOI 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2013.06.006
2013 Budd TW, Timora JR, 'Steady state responses to temporally congruent and incongruent auditory and vibrotactile amplitude modulated stimulation', International Journal of Psychophysiology, 89 419-432 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2013.06.001
2011 Nakamura T, Michie PT, Fulham WR, Todd J, Budd TW, Schall UA, et al., 'Epidural auditory event-related potentials in the rat to frequency and duration deviants: evidence of mismatch negativity?', Frontiers in Psychology, 2 367 (2011) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 29Web of Science - 18
Co-authors Pat Michie, Ulrich Schall, Deborah Hodgson, Mick Hunter, Juanita Todd
2011 Todd J, Finch B, Smith E, Budd TW, Schall UA, 'Temporal processing ability is related to ear-asymmetry for detecting time cues in sound: A mismatch negativity (MMN) study', Neuropsychologia, 49 69-82 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.10.029
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 4
Co-authors Ulrich Schall, Juanita Todd
2008 Michie PT, Budd TW, Fulham WR, Hughes ME, Jamadar S, Johnston P, et al., 'The potential for new understandings of normal and abnormal cognition by integration of neuroimaging and behavioral data: Not an exercise in carrying coals to Newcastle', Brain Imaging and Behavior, 2 1-9 (2008) [C1]
DOI 10.1007/s11682-008-9037-0
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 3
Co-authors Pat Michie, Juanita Todd, Frini Karayanidis, Ulrich Schall
2007 Campbell LE, Hughes ME, Budd TW, Cooper GJ, Fulham WR, Karayanidis F, et al., 'Primary and secondary neural networks of auditory prepulse inhibition: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of sensorimotor gating of the human acoustic startle response', European Journal of Neuroscience, 26 2327-2333 (2007) [C1]
DOI 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2007.05858.x
Citations Scopus - 41Web of Science - 39
Co-authors Frini Karayanidis, Ulrich Schall, Linda E Campbell, Mary-Claire Hanlon
2007 Matthews NL, Todd J, Budd TW, Cooper GJ, Michie PT, 'Auditory lateralization in schizophrenia - Mismatch negativity and behavioral evidence of a selective impairment in encoding interaural time cues', Clinical Neurophysiology, 118 833-844 (2007) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.clinph.2006.11.017
Citations Scopus - 14Web of Science - 14
Co-authors Pat Michie, Juanita Todd
2006 Budd TW, 'fMRI evidence of altered auditory temporal processing in schizophrenia', AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, 40 A135-A135 (2006)
2005 McArthur GM, Budd TW, 'Auditory processing in people with specific language impairment: Insights from the N1', AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 57 62-62 (2005) [C3]
2004 Budd TW, Case V, Cooper G, Michie PT, Schall UA, 'A psychoacoustic and fMRI investigation of auditory temporal processing in schizophrenia', NeuroImage, 22 S39 (2004) [C3]
Co-authors Pat Michie, Ulrich Schall
2003 Budd TW, Hall DA, Goncalves MS, Akeroyd MA, Foster JR, Palmer AR, et al., 'Binaural specialisation in human auditory cortex: an fMRI investigation of interaural correlation sensitivity', NeuroImage, 1783-1794 (2003) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2003.07.026
Citations Scopus - 31Web of Science - 27
2001 Badcock J, Michie P, Budd T, Combrinck J, Johnson L, 'Acts of control in Schizophrenia: Dissociating the processes involved in the inhibition of a planned response', AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 53 42-43 (2001)
2000 Todd J, Machie PT, Budd TW, Rock D, Jablensky AV, 'Auditory sensory memory in schizophrenia: inadequate trace formation?', PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH, 96 99-115 (2000) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/S0165-1781(00)00205-5
Citations Scopus - 38Web of Science - 39
Co-authors Juanita Todd
2000 Michie PT, Budd TW, Todd J, Rock D, Wichmann H, Box J, Jablensky AV, 'Duration and frequency mismatch negativity in schizophrenia', CLINICAL NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, 111 1054-1065 (2000) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/S1388-2457(00)00275-3
Citations Scopus - 106Web of Science - 99
Co-authors Pat Michie, Juanita Todd
1999 McArthur G, Budd T, Michie P, 'The attentional blink and P300', NEUROREPORT, 10 3691-3695 (1999)
DOI 10.1097/00001756-199911260-00042
Citations Web of Science - 37
Co-authors Pat Michie
1998 Budd TW, Barry RJ, Gordon E, Rennie C, Michie PT, 'Decrement of the N1 auditory event-related potential with stimulus repetition: habituation vs refractoriness', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, 31 51-68 (1998) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/S0167-8760(98)00040-3
Citations Web of Science - 175
Co-authors Pat Michie
1998 Michie PT, Dragicevich P, Budd B, Morris I, 'Visual attention to lateralised spatial locations: An fMRI study', NeuroImage, 7 (1998)
1998 Coltheart M, Inglis L, Cupples L, Michie P, Bates A, Budd B, 'A semantic subsystem of visual attributes', NEUROCASE, 4 353-370 (1998)
DOI 10.1080/13554799808410632
Citations Scopus - 66Web of Science - 63
Co-authors Pat Michie
1994 BUDD TW, CARROLL M, 'THE EFFECTS OF MODALITY AND ELABORATION ON PERCEPTUAL IDENTIFICATION', QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY SECTION A-HUMAN EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 47 589-605 (1994)
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
1994 BUDD TW, MICHIE PT, 'FACILITATION OF THE N1 PEAK OF THE AUDITORY ERP AT SHORT STIMULUS INTERVALS', NEUROREPORT, 5 2513-2516 (1994)
DOI 10.1097/00001756-199412000-00027
Citations Scopus - 52Web of Science - 53
Co-authors Pat Michie
Show 26 more journal articles

Conference (47 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2014 Hedgcoe M, Timora J, Budd T, 'An event-related potential and psychophysical investigation of cross-modal integration of auditory and tactile stimulation at rapid stimulus rates.', Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Coffs Harbour (2014) [E3]
DOI 10.3389/conf.fnhum.2014.216.00022
2014 Budd T, Gillard E, Timora J, 'A Psychophysical and Steady-State EEG Study of Cross-Modal Integration with Temporal and Spatial Manipulation of Auditory and Tactile Stimulation.', Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Coffs Harbour (2014) [E3]
DOI 10.3389/conf.fnhum.2014.216.00015
2014 Timora J, Budd T, 'A Psychophysical and EEG Investigation of Cross-Modal Amplitude Modulation', Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Coffs Harbour (2014) [E3]
DOI 10.3389/conf.fnhum.2014.216.00008
2013 Timothy B, Madeleine A, Eliza B, Samia H, Sara L, Emily M, et al., 'A Combined Explicit, Implicit and Psychophysiological Assessment of Affective Evaluations of Plain Cigarette Packaging in Australia.', Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (2013) [E3]
DOI 10.3389/conf.fnhum.2013.213.00005
2012 Hubbard IJ, Carey LM, Budd TW, Parsons MW, 'An RCT of differing intensities of early upper limb training post stroke: Evidence of neuroplastic changes in the ipsilesional SMA', Congress Handbook. 7th World Congress for Neurorehabilitation, Melbourne, VIC (2012) [E3]
Co-authors Isobel Hubbard, Mark Parsons
2012 Budd TW, 'Cross modal interactions of auditory and tactile stimuli at brief intervals', Psychophysiology, New Orleans, Louisiana (2012) [E3]
2012 Budd TW, 'Multisensory integration of amplitude modulated auditory and tactile stimulation as revealed by steady-state responses', International Journal of Psychophysiology, Pisa, Italy (2012) [E3]
2012 Hubbard IJ, Carey L, Budd TW, Parsons MW, 'Brain activation and upper limb recovery post stroke: A systematic literature review', International Journal of Stroke, Darling Harbour, Sydney (2012) [E3]
Citations Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Mark Parsons, Isobel Hubbard
2012 Budd TW, Timora JR, 'Cross modal auditory and vibrotactile stimulation reveals an inverse relationship between psychophysical thresholds and steady state EEG responses to amplitude modulation', 22nd Australasian Psychophyiology Conference and Annual General Meeting of the Society. Abstracts, Sydney, NSW (2012) [E3]
2012 Timora JR, Budd TW, 'Variations in EEG entrainment reflect the temporal cross modal correspondence of auditory and vibrotactile stimulation', 22nd Australasian Psychophyiology Conference and Annual General Meeting of the Society. Abstracts, Sydney, NSW (2012) [E3]
2012 Michie PT, Harms LR, Fulham WR, Penttonen M, Todd J, Hunter M, et al., 'Is the rodent brain capable of auditory deviance detection and MMN-like responses?', ACNS2012 - The 3rd Australasian Cognitive Neuroscience Conference. Program Book, Brisbane, Qld (2012) [E3]
Co-authors Mick Hunter, Ulrich Schall, Deborah Hodgson, Juanita Todd, Pat Michie
2012 Timora JR, Budd TW, 'Multisensory integration of temporal processing in the auditory and somatosensory modalities: A psychophysical and EEG study', ACNS2012 - The 3rd Australasian Cognitive Neuroscience Conference. Program Book, Brisbane, Qld (2012) [E3]
2010 Nakamura T, Michie PT, Fulham WR, Hunter M, Budd TW, Schall UA, et al., 'Mismatch negativity and other auditory evoked potentials in a rodent model of schizophrenia', Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, Newcastle, NSW (2010) [E3]
Co-authors Pat Michie, Mick Hunter, Ulrich Schall, Juanita Todd, Deborah Hodgson
2010 Nakamura T, Michie PT, Fulham WR, Hunter M, Budd TW, Schall UA, Hodgson DM, ''Two-hit' hypothesis of schizophrenia and the auditory evoked potentials in the rat', Proceedings of the 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology, Melbourne, Australia (2010) [E3]
Co-authors Pat Michie, Deborah Hodgson, Ulrich Schall, Mick Hunter
2010 Nakamura T, Michie PT, Fulham WR, Schall UA, Budd TW, Todd J, et al., 'Progress in developing rodent analogues of intermediate phenotypes of schizophrenia', Proceedings of the Australasian Society for Psychiatric Research (ASPR) 2010 Conference, Sydney, Australia (2010) [E3]
Co-authors Pat Michie, Juanita Todd, Deborah Hodgson, Ulrich Schall, Mick Hunter
2010 Hubbard IJ, Budd TW, Carey LM, McElduff P, Levi CR, Parsons MW, 'Intensive behavioural upper limb training in acute stroke: an RCT of functional outcomes and brain reorganisation', Cerebrovascular Diseases: European Stroke Conference, Barcelona, Spain (2010) [E3]
Co-authors Patrick Mcelduff, Isobel Hubbard, Mark Parsons, Chris Levi
2010 Campbell LE, Fulham WR, Hughes M, Provost AL, Hanlon M-C, Karayanidis F, et al., 'Functional magnetic resonance brain imaging study on sensorimotoe gating in schizophrenia and parkinson's disease', Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Sydney, Australia (2010) [E3]
Co-authors Frini Karayanidis, Ulrich Schall, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Linda E Campbell
2010 Nakamura T, Michie PT, Fulham WR, Hunter M, Budd TW, Todd J, et al., 'Auditory mismatch negativity and event-related potential recovery in the wistar rat', Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Sydney, NSW (2010) [E3]
Co-authors Mick Hunter, Deborah Hodgson, Juanita Todd, Pat Michie, Ulrich Schall
2010 Nakamura T, Michie PT, Fulham WR, Hunter M, Budd TW, Schall UA, et al., 'Auditory evoked potentials in the rat and the ?two-hit? hypothesis of schizophrenia', Proceedings of ANS/AuPS2010 ? The 30th Annual Meeting of the Australian Neuroscience Society in conjunction with the 50th Anniversary Meeting of the Australian Physiological Society, Sydney, Australia (2010) [E3]
Co-authors Ulrich Schall, Deborah Hodgson, Juanita Todd, Pat Michie, Mick Hunter
2009 Todd J, Schall UA, Budd TW, 'Cerebral asymmetry in electrophysiological (mismatch negativity) measures of temporal processing determines performance on a between-channel gap detection task', MMN09: Fifth Conference on Mismatch Negativity (MMN) and its Clinical and Scientific Applications: Poster Presentations, Budapest, Hungary (2009) [E3]
DOI 10.3389/conf.neuro.09.2009.05.045
Co-authors Ulrich Schall, Juanita Todd
2008 Budd TW, Parsons MW, Hubbard IJ, Carey L, Levi CR, 'A longitudinal fMRI study of cortical sensorimotor reorganization in stroke recovery', NeuroImage, Melbourne, VIC (2008) [E3]
Co-authors Chris Levi, Isobel Hubbard, Mark Parsons
2008 Hubbard IJ, Budd TW, Parsons MW, 'Arm function, fMRI and early reorganisation mapping in stroke (AFfERMS): Findings from the pilot phase', Internal Medicine Journal, Sydney, NSW (2008) [E3]
DOI 10.1111/j.1445-5994.2008.01755_7.x
Co-authors Mark Parsons, Isobel Hubbard
2008 Todd J, Budd TW, Drysdale K, Michie PT, 'Is aging associated with change in functional asymmetry for processing time cues in sound?', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E3]
Co-authors Pat Michie, Juanita Todd
2008 Budd TW, 'Psychoacoustic evidence of alterations in binaural and monaural auditory temporal processing in schizophrenia', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E3]
2008 Campbell LE, Fulham WR, Hughes ME, Provost AL, Budd TW, Johnston PJ, et al., 'Multimodel assessment of auditory prepulse inhibition in Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E3]
Co-authors Frini Karayanidis, Linda E Campbell, Ulrich Schall, Mary-Claire Hanlon
2007 Michie PT, Matthews NL, Todd J, Budd TW, Cooper GJ, Catts S, Finnigan S, 'MMN evidence of a pervasive temporal processing deficit in schizophrenia', Schizophrenia Bulletin, Colorado Springs, Colorado (2007) [E3]
Co-authors Pat Michie, Juanita Todd
2007 Hughes ME, Budd TW, Fulham WR, Badcock J, Michie PT, 'Dissociable mechanisms of response inhibition revealed by the stop-signal paradigm', Cognitive Neuroscience Society Meeting Annual Meeting Program 2007, New York (2007) [E3]
Co-authors Pat Michie
2007 Nakamura T, Michie PT, Budd TW, Walker AK, Paton BK, Hunter M, Hodgson DM, 'Perinatal programming of infection of schizophrenia-like behaviour in rats: Research plan', Early Human Development, Perth (2007) [E3]
Co-authors Mick Hunter, Pat Michie, Deborah Hodgson
2006 Budd TW, Michie PT, 'Backward recognition masking and auditory N1 ERP enhancements at brief stimulus intervals', PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, Vancouver, CANADA (2006)
Co-authors Pat Michie
2006 Michie PT, Matthews NL, Todd J, Budd TW, 'MMN indicates a selective impairment in schizophrenia in processing interaural time cues to sound lateralization', Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, MMN 2006: Fourth Conference on Mismatch Negativity (MMN) and its Clinical and Scientific Applications, Cambridge (2006) [E3]
Co-authors Pat Michie, Juanita Todd
2006 Campbell LE, Budd TW, Karayanidis F, Hanlon M-C, Stojanov WM, Johnston PJ, Schall UA, 'Functional brain imaging of auditory prepulse inhibition', Journal of Intellectual Disability Research V50 Suppl 1: Proceedings of the Society for the Study of Behavioural Phenotypes11th Annual Scientific Meeting, Dublin, Ireland (2006) [E3]
Co-authors Frini Karayanidis, Ulrich Schall, Linda E Campbell, Mary-Claire Hanlon
2006 Cooper RJ, Budd TW, Todd J, Michie PT, 'N1 and P2 components of the auditory event-related potential in younger and older adults', Clinical EEG and Neuroscience V37 (2) : Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for Psychophysiology, University of Wollongong, Sydney, Australia (2006) [E3]
Co-authors Juanita Todd, Pat Michie
2006 Paton BK, Hinwood M, Budd TW, 'The effects of MR scanner noise on auditory thresholds: a psychoacoustic study using SAM white noise, pure tones and complex tones', Clinical EEG and Neuroscience V37, April 2006, Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for Psychophysiology, University of Wollongong, Sydney, Australia (2006) [E3]
Co-authors Madeleine Hinwood
2006 Hinwood M, Paton BK, Budd TW, 'Acoustic masking by EPI gradient sounds on detection thresholds for amplitude modulation as a function of a modulation rate', Clinical EEG and Neuroscience V37, April 2006, Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for Psychophysiology, University of Wollongong, Sydney, Australia (2006) [E3]
Co-authors Madeleine Hinwood
2006 McArthur GM, Budd TW, 'Auditory processing in people with specific language impairment: insights from the N1', Australian Journal of Psychology V57(3), Suppl 1: Proceedings of the 32nd Australasian Experimental Psychology Conference, Melbourne, Australia (2006) [E3]
2006 Budd TW, Michie PT, 'Backward recognition masking and auditory N1 ERP enhancements at brief stimulus intervals (Poster presentation)', Poster sessions at the 46th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Vancouver, British Columbia (2006) [E3]
Co-authors Pat Michie
2006 Budd TW, 'psychoacoustic and fMRI evidence of auditory processing in anterior-lateral auditory cortical regions', Proceedings of the Society for Neuroscience 36th Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (2006) [E3]
2006 Budd TW, 'fMRI evidence of altered auditory temporal processing in schizophrenia (Poster presentation)', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry (Vol 40, noS2), Fremantle, Western Australia (2006) [E3]
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1614.2006.01860.x
2006 Campbell LE, Budd TW, Karayanidis F, Hanlon M-C, Stojanov WM, Johnston PJ, Schall UA, 'Functional brain imaging of auditory prepulse inhibition', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry (Vol 40, noS2), Fremantle, Western Australia (2006) [E3]
Co-authors Frini Karayanidis, Linda E Campbell, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Ulrich Schall
2005 Hughes ME, Budd TW, Cooper GJ, Fulham WR, Michie PT, 'The Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Stop-Signal Inhibition: An ERFMRI and ERP Study', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, V39, Suppl: Proceedings of The Royal Australian & New Zealand College of Psychiatrists Joint CINP/ASPR Scientific Meeting, Brisbane, Australia (2005) [E3]
Co-authors Pat Michie
2005 Budd TW, Campbell LE, Johnston PJ, Hanlon M-C, Karayanidis F, Schall UA, 'Functional Brain Imaging of Auditory Prepulse Inhibition', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, V39, Suppl: Proceedings of the Royal Australian & New Zealand College of Psychiatrists Joint CINP/ASPR Scientifice Meeting, Brisbane, Australia (2005) [E3]
Co-authors Linda E Campbell, Ulrich Schall, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Frini Karayanidis
2005 Budd TW, 'A psychoacoustic and fMRI investigation of auditory temporal processing', Australian Journal of Psychology, V57, Suppl: Proceedings of the 14th Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, Melbourne, Victoria (2005) [E3]
2004 Hughes ME, Michie PT, Fulham WR, Budd TW, Badcock JC, 'Neural networks involved in stop-signal inhibition', NeuroImage, United States (2004) [C3]
Co-authors Pat Michie
2003 Hughes ME, Michie PT, Fulham WR, Budd TW, Badcock J, 'Stop-signal inhibition: an fMRI investigation', Origins of Psychopathology: Programme and Abstracts, Christchurch, New Zealand (2003) [E3]
Co-authors Pat Michie
2003 Budd TW, Mengler E, Michie PT, 'Facilitation of the N1 component of the auditory-evoked brain response in pre-adolescent children', origins on Psychopathology: Programme and Abstracts, Christchurch, New Zealand (2003) [E3]
Co-authors Pat Michie
2002 Michie PT, Badcock J, Budd TW, Fulham WR, Hughes ME, 'Intentional inhibitory control in schizophrenia', Conference Proceedings, Bondi, Sydney (2002) [E3]
Co-authors Pat Michie
2000 Todd J, Michie PT, Budd TW, Rock D, Jablensky AV, 'Duration MMN reduction in schizophrenia: Temporal processing vs. auditory sensory memory deficits', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY (2000) [C1]
Co-authors Juanita Todd
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 16
Total funding $1,150,093

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20091 grants / $16,800

Shared mass storage device and backup media$16,800

Funding body: NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)

Funding body NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)
Project Team Doctor Juanita Todd, Doctor Bill Budd, Associate Professor Frini Karayanidis, Doctor Janette Smith, Mr David McKenzie, Emeritus Professor Patricia Michie, Professor Ulli Schall, Associate Professor Frans Henskens, Conjoint Professor Vaughan Carr
Scheme Equipment Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2009
Funding Finish 2009
GNo G0189847
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Commonwealth
Category 2OPC
UON Y

20082 grants / $12,005

Brain electrical source analysis software (BESA)$11,000

Funding body: NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)

Funding body NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)
Project Team Emeritus Professor Patricia Michie, Doctor Bill Budd, Associate Professor Frini Karayanidis, Doctor Juanita Todd, Doctor Janette Smith, Mr David McKenzie, Conjoint Associate Professor Mick Hunter
Scheme Equipment Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2008
Funding Finish 2008
GNo G0188542
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Commonwealth
Category 2OPC
UON Y

Human Brain Mapping 2008, Melbourne Conference Centre, 15/6/2008 - 19/6/2008$1,005

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Bill Budd
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2008
Funding Finish 2008
GNo G0188672
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20073 grants / $184,539

Animal Models in Schizophrenia$160,000

Funding body: Hunter Medical Research Institute

Funding body Hunter Medical Research Institute
Project Team
Scheme Category C Funding
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2007
Funding Finish 2007
GNo
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Local
Category 2OPL
UON Y

A functional MRI and tractography study of the effect of early upper limb therapy on brain plasticity after stroke$19,039

Funding body: Hunter Medical Research Institute

Funding body Hunter Medical Research Institute
Project Team Doctor Bill Budd, Professor Mark Parsons, Conjoint Professor Chris Levi
Scheme Project Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2007
Funding Finish 2007
GNo G0187254
Type Of Funding Contract - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFC
UON Y

A functional MRI study of upper limb therapy in acute stroke.$5,500

Funding body: Hunter Medical Research Institute

Funding body Hunter Medical Research Institute
Project Team Professor Mark Parsons, Doctor Bill Budd, Conjoint Professor Chris Levi
Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2007
Funding Finish 2007
GNo G0187321
Type Of Funding Contract - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFC
UON Y

20063 grants / $138,974

A functional MRI study of upper limb therapy in acute stroke$122,474

Funding body: National Heart Foundation of Australia

Funding body National Heart Foundation of Australia
Project Team Professor Mark Parsons, Doctor Bill Budd, Conjoint Professor Chris Levi, Doctor Isobel Hubbard
Scheme Grant-In-Aid
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2006
Funding Finish 2006
GNo G0186201
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Non Commonwealth
Category 1NS
UON Y

A Functional MRI study of upper limb therapy in acute stroke.$15,000

Funding Body: John Hunter Hospital Charitable Trust Funding Scheme: Pilot Grant
Funding body Unknown
Project Team
Scheme Unknown
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2006
Funding Finish 2007
GNo
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Local
Category 2OPL
UON Y

Neuroscience 2006, Georgia World Cngress Centre, Atlanta, Georgia USA 14 - 18 October 2006$1,500

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Bill Budd
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2006
Funding Finish 2006
GNo G0186808
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20053 grants / $750,375

Functional neuroimaging of prepulse inhibition in schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease$440,625

Funding body: NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)

Funding body NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)
Project Team Professor Ulli Schall, Associate Professor Frini Karayanidis, Doctor Bill Budd, Mr Patrick Johnston
Scheme Project Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2005
Funding Finish 2005
GNo G0183947
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Commonwealth
Category 1CS
UON Y

An integrated psychoacoustic and high-field fMRI study of auditory temporal processing dysfunction in schizophrenia$302,250

Funding body: NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)

Funding body NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)
Project Team Doctor Bill Budd
Scheme Project Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2005
Funding Finish 2005
GNo G0183921
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Commonwealth
Category 1CS
UON Y

MRI Compatible Electrostatic Auditory System$7,500

Funding body: NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)

Funding body NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)
Project Team Doctor Bill Budd
Scheme Equipment Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2005
Funding Finish 2005
GNo G0185471
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Commonwealth
Category 2OPC
UON Y

20042 grants / $12,400

Integrity of auditory temporal processing in the central auditory system in schizophrenia$10,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Bill Budd
Scheme Early Career Researcher Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2004
Funding Finish 2004
GNo G0183850
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

10th Annual Meeting of the Organisation for Human Brain Mapping, 13-17 June 2004$2,400

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Bill Budd
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2004
Funding Finish 2004
GNo G0183999
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20031 grants / $10,000

Integrity of auditory temporal processing in the ascending auditory system.$10,000

Funding body: Hunter Medical Research Institute

Funding body Hunter Medical Research Institute
Project Team Doctor Bill Budd, Emeritus Professor Patricia Michie, Doctor Juanita Todd, Professor Ulli Schall
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2003
Funding Finish 2003
GNo G0182631
Type Of Funding Contract - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFC
UON Y

20021 grants / $25,000

Research fellow support for Dr B Budd.$25,000

Funding body: Neuroscience Institute of Schizophrenia and Allied Disorders

Funding body Neuroscience Institute of Schizophrenia and Allied Disorders
Project Team Emeritus Professor Patricia Michie, Doctor Bill Budd
Scheme Research Fellow Support
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2002
Funding Finish 2002
GNo G0182308
Type Of Funding Donation - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFD
UON Y
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Research Supervision

Number of supervisions

Completed4
Current8

Total current UON EFTSL

PhD1.65

Current Supervision

Commenced Level of Study Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2015 PhD Human Face as an Evolved Signalling System
Psychology, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2015 PhD New Integrative Biomarkers for Assessing Motion Sickness
Human Biology, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2014 PhD The Role of Hormones in the Prevalence of Female Adolescent Unipolar Depression
Psychology, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2014 PhD Spatial Cognition in Australian Honeyeaters
Psychology, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2013 PhD Do Men and Women Vary in Neuropsychological Activity for Attention Towards Different Types of Unpleasant Images?
Psychology, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2013 PhD The Influence of Cross-Modal Temporal Correspondence on the Multisensory Integration of Acoustic and Vibrotactile Stimulation: A Psychophysical and Electroencephalographic Investigation
Psychology, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2013 PhD Making Social Judgements from the Face: The Role of Physiological Arousal and Visual Context
Psychology, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2012 PhD The Role of Gonadal Hormones on Human Mate Preferences and Mating Strategies
Psychology, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor

Past Supervision

Year Level of Study Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2015 PhD Upper Limb Recovery and Brain Reorganisation Post-Stroke
General Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2005 Honours The influence of MR scanner noise masking on auditory temporal processing.
Psychology, University of Newcastle
Sole Supervisor
2005 Honours The influence of MR scanner noise masking on perception of simple and complex sounds.
Psychology, University of Newcastle
Sole Supervisor
2003 Honours The influence of stimulus interval and duration on the auditory ERP responses to stimulus onset, offset and spectral change.
Psychology, University of Newcastle
Sole Supervisor
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Dr Bill Budd

Position

Lecturer
School of Psychology
Faculty of Science and Information Technology

Focus area

Psychology

Contact Details

Email bill.budd@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 4348 4135
Fax (02) 4348 4145

Office

Room E1.18
Building Science
Location Ourimbah
10 Chittaway Road
Ourimbah, NSW 2258
Australia
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