Professor Leigh Kinsman

Professor Leigh Kinsman

Joint Chair, Professor of Evidence Based Nursing

School of Nursing and Midwifery

Career Summary

Biography

Professor Leigh Kinsman is a Registered Nurse with a PhD in Public Health. Leigh joined the School of Nursing and Midwifery in 2018 after building an extensive research track record in evidence-based nursing practice and rural health. Leigh was Professor of Healthcare Improvement at the University of Tasmania for four years after undertaking a number of leadership roles at the Monash University School of Rural Health. These key roles included Director of Research and Director, Centre of Research Excellence in Rural and Remote Primary Health Care. Professor Kinsman’s current role as Chair, Professor of Evidence Based Nursing, is a joint position with the Mid North Coast Local Health District based in Port Macquarie.

Professor Kinsman’s research program focuses on improving access to evidence based practice in rural settings, particularly via clinical pathways and enhanced research capacity in nurses and midwives.



Qualifications

  • Doctor of Philosophy, La Trobe University
  • Bachelor of Health Science (Nursing), La Trobe University
  • Master of Health Science, La Trobe University

Keywords

  • Clinical Pathways
  • health services research
  • knowledge translation
  • nursing
  • rural health

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
420501 Acute care 100

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Joint Chair, Professor of Evidence Based Nursing University of Newcastle
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Australia

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
7/11/2018 - 7/12/2018 Professor of Healthcare Improvement University of Tasmania
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Australia
7/2/2011 - 1/8/2014 Asociate Professor in Rural Health Monash University
School of Rural Health
Australia
7/11/2006 - 1/2/2011 Senior Research Fellow Monash University
School of Rural Health
Australia
7/11/1998 - 31/10/2006 Lecturer in Acute Nursing La Trobe University
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Australia

Professional appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
7/8/1984 - 1/11/1998 Registered Nurse Bendigo Health
Australia
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Chapter (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2019 Kinsman L, Rotter T, 'Clinical pathways as a quality strategy', Improving healthcare quality in Europe, World Health Organisation, Brussels 309-330 (2019)
2013 Rotter T, Kinsman L, Machotta A, Zhao FL, van der Weijden T, Ronellenfitsch U, Scott SD, 'Clinical pathways for primary care: Effects on professional practice, patient outcomes, and costs', (2013)

This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: In the review we will address the following question: What is the effect of clinical pat... [more]

This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: In the review we will address the following question: What is the effect of clinical pathways (CPWs) in primary care on professional practice, patient outcomes, and costs? The secondary objective of this review is to explore the factors that may explain variation in effectiveness of CPWs.

DOI 10.1002/14651858.CD010706
Citations Scopus - 19
Co-authors Feili Zhao

Journal article (83 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2021 Kinsman L, Cooper S, Champion R, Kim J-A, Boyle J, Cameron A, et al., 'The impact of web-based and face-to-face simulation education programs on nurses' response to patient deterioration: A multi-site interrupted time series study.', Nurse education today, 102 104939 (2021) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.nedt.2021.104939
2021 Kinsman L, Radford J, Elmer S, Ogden K, Randles S, Jacob A, et al., 'Engaging hard-to-reach men in health promotion using the OPHELIA principles: Participants' perspectives', Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 32 33-40 (2021) [C1]

Issue addressed: Men in the Northern Suburbs of Launceston, Tasmania, experience substantially poorer health outcomes and socio-economic disadvantage than most Australians. They a... [more]

Issue addressed: Men in the Northern Suburbs of Launceston, Tasmania, experience substantially poorer health outcomes and socio-economic disadvantage than most Australians. They are often described as ¿hard-to-reach,¿ meaning difficult to engage in research, health promotion, policy and planning. This paper summarises the OPHELIA process to combine health literacy profiling with engagement of local men in health promotion, and their experience of the process and outcomes. Methods: Interviews were conducted to explore the experiences of middle-aged men with the OPHELIA process and subsequent interventions. Results: Local data and health literacy profiling revealed experiences of isolation, lack of trust in the system, medication non-adherence, mental illness and chronic pain, which formed the basis for generation of ideas to improve their well-being and understanding of health. Tailored interventions were implemented, including suicide prevention, ¿Numeracy for Life¿ and ¿Healthy Sheds¿ courses. Interviews with six participants revealed that the process contributed to a sense of worth, social support and ability to break ¿old habits.¿. Conclusions: Prioritising the lived experience of ¿hard-to-reach¿ men through the OPHELIA process resulted in co-design of interventions that were valued by participants. So what?: Health literacy profiling and genuine community engagement can empower vulnerable, under-represented communities to co-design, and engage in, health promotion.

DOI 10.1002/hpja.403
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 2
Co-authors Alycia Jacob
2021 Pryce A, Unwin M, Kinsman L, McCann D, 'Delayed flow is a risk to patient safety: A mixed method analysis of emergency department patient flow', International Emergency Nursing, 54 (2021) [C1]

Introduction: Increasing emergency department (ED) demand and crowding has heightened focus on the need for better understanding of patient flow. Aim: This study aimed to identify... [more]

Introduction: Increasing emergency department (ED) demand and crowding has heightened focus on the need for better understanding of patient flow. Aim: This study aimed to identify input, throughput and output factors contributing to ED patient flow bottlenecks and extended ED length of stay (EDLOS). Method: Concurrent nested mixed method study based on retrospective analysis of attendance data, patient flow observational data and a focus group in an Australian regional ED. Results: Analysis of 89 013 ED presentations identified increased EDLOS, particularly for patients requiring admission. Mapping of 382 patient journeys identified delays in time to triage assessment (0¿39 mins) and extended waiting room stays (0¿348 mins). High proportions of patients received care outside ED cubicles. Four qualitative themes emerged: coping under pressure, compromising care and safety, makeshift spaces, and makeshift roles. Conclusion: Three key findings emerged: i) hidden waits such as extended triage-queuing occur during the input phase; ii) makeshift spaces are frequently used to assess and treat patients during times of crowding; and iii) access block has an adverse effect on output flow. Data suggests arrival numbers may not be a key predictor of EDLOS. This research contributes to our understanding of ED crowding and patient flow, informing service delivery and planning.

DOI 10.1016/j.ienj.2020.100956
Citations Scopus - 1
2021 van Vuuren J, Thomas B, Agarwal G, MacDermott S, Kinsman L, O Meara P, Spelten E, 'Reshaping healthcare delivery for elderly patients: the role of community paramedicine; a systematic review', BMC Health Services Research, 21 (2021)

Background: Healthcare systems are overloaded and changing. In response to growing demands on the healthcare systems, new models of healthcare delivery are emerging. Community par... [more]

Background: Healthcare systems are overloaded and changing. In response to growing demands on the healthcare systems, new models of healthcare delivery are emerging. Community paramedicine is a novel approach in which paramedics use their knowledge and skills beyond emergency health response to contribute to preventative and rehabilitative health. In our systematic review, we aimed to identify evidence of the community paramedicine role in care delivery for elderly patients, with an additional focus on palliative care, and the possible impact of this role on the wider healthcare system. Methods: A systematic review of peer-reviewed literature from MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and Web of Sciences was undertaken to identify relevant full-text articles in English published until October 3, 2019. Additional inclusion criteria were studies focussing on extended care paramedics or community paramedics caring for elderly patients. Case studies were excluded. All papers were screened by at least two authors and underwent a quality assessment, using the Joanna Briggs Institute appraisal checklists for cross sectional, qualitative, cohort, and randomised controlled trial studies to assess the methodological quality of the articles. A process of narrative synthesis was used to summarise the data. Results: Ten studies, across 13 articles, provided clear evidence that Community Paramedic programs had a positive impact on the health of patients and on the wider healthcare system. The role of a Community Paramedic was often a combination of four aspects: assessment, referral, education and communication. Limited evidence was available on the involvement of Community Paramedics in palliative and end-of-life care and in care delivery in residential aged care facilities. Observed challenges were a lack of additional training, and the need for proper integration and understanding of their role in the healthcare system. Conclusions: The use of community paramedics in care delivery could be beneficial to both patients¿ health and the wider healthcare system. They already play a promising role in improving the care of our elderly population. With consistent adherence to the training curriculum and effective integration within the wider healthcare system, community paramedics have the potential to take on specialised roles in residential aged care facilities and palliative and end-of-life care.

DOI 10.1186/s12913-020-06037-0
Citations Scopus - 1
2020 Dwyer M, Peterson G, Gall S, Kinsman L, Francis K, Ford K, et al., 'Regional differences in access to acute ischaemic stroke care and patient outcomes', Internal Medicine Journal, 50 965-971 (2020) [C1]

Background: Advances in stroke management such as acute stroke units and thrombolysis are not uniformly distributed throughout our population, with rural areas being relatively di... [more]

Background: Advances in stroke management such as acute stroke units and thrombolysis are not uniformly distributed throughout our population, with rural areas being relatively disadvantaged. It remains unclear, however, whether such disparities have led to corresponding differences in patient outcomes. Aims: To describe the regional differences in acute ischaemic stroke care and outcomes within the Australian state of Tasmania. Methods: A retrospective case note audit was used to assess the care and outcomes of 395 acute ischaemic stroke patients admitted to Tasmania's four major public hospitals. Sixteen care processes were recorded, which covered time-critical treatment, allied health interventions and secondary prevention. Outcome measures were assessed using 30-day mortality and discharge destination, both of which were analysed for differences between urban and rural hospitals using logistic regression. Results: No patients in rural hospitals were administered thrombolysis; these hospitals also did not have acute stroke units. With few exceptions, patients' access to the remaining care indicators was comparable between regions. After adjusting for confounders, there were no significant differences between regions in terms of 30-day mortality (odds ratio (OR) = 0.99, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.46¿2.18) or discharge destination (OR = 1.24, 95% CI 0.81¿1.91). Conclusions: With the exception of acute stroke unit care and thrombolysis, acute ischaemic stroke care within Tasmania's urban and rural hospitals was broadly similar. No significant differences were found between regions in terms of patient outcomes. Future studies are encouraged to employ larger data sets, which capture a broader range of urban and rural sites and record patient outcomes at extended interval.

DOI 10.1111/imj.14638
2020 Lower T, Kinsman L, Dinh MM, Lyle D, Cheney R, Allan J, et al., 'Patterns of emergency department use in rural and metropolitan New South Wales from 2012 to 2018', Australian Journal of Rural Health, 28 490-499 (2020) [C1]
DOI 10.1111/ajr.12668
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
Co-authors John Wiggers, Alycia Jacob
2020 Njoku CM, Alqahtani JS, Wimmer BC, Peterson GM, Kinsman L, Hurst JR, Bereznicki BJ, 'Risk factors and associated outcomes of hospital readmission in COPD: A systematic review', Respiratory Medicine, 173 (2020) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.rmed.2020.105988
Citations Scopus - 8
2020 Unwin M, Crisp E, Stankovich J, McCann D, Kinsman L, 'Socioeconomic disadvantage as a driver of non-urgent emergency department presentations: A retrospective data analysis', PLOS ONE, 15 (2020) [C1]
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0231429
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 4
2020 Alqahtani JS, Njoku CM, Bereznicki B, Wimmer BC, Peterson GM, Kinsman L, et al., 'Risk factors for all-cause hospital readmission following exacerbation of COPD: A systematic review and meta-analysis', European Respiratory Review, 29 1-16 (2020) [C1]

Background: Readmission rates following hospitalisation for COPD exacerbations are unacceptably high, and the contributing factors are poorly understood. Our objective was to summ... [more]

Background: Readmission rates following hospitalisation for COPD exacerbations are unacceptably high, and the contributing factors are poorly understood. Our objective was to summarise and evaluate the factors associated with 30-and 90-day all-cause readmission following hospitalisation for an exacerbation of COPD. Methods: We systematically searched electronic databases from inception to 5 November 2019. Data were extracted by two independent authors in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Study quality was assessed using a modified version of the Newcastle¿Ottawa Scale. We synthesised a narrative from eligible studies and conducted a meta-analysis where this was possible using a random-effects model. Results: In total, 3533 abstracts were screened and 208 full-text manuscripts were reviewed. A total of 32 papers met the inclusion criteria, and 14 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The readmission rate ranged from 8.8¿26.0% at 30 days and from 17.5¿39.0% at 90 days. Our narrative synthesis showed that comorbidities, previous exacerbations and hospitalisations, and increased length of initial hospital stay were the major risk factors for readmission at 30 and 90 days. Pooled adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) revealed that heart failure (1.29 (1.22¿1.37)), renal failure (1.26 (1.19¿1.33)), depression (1.19 (1.05¿1.34)) and alcohol use (1.11 (1.07¿1.16)) were all associated with an increased risk of 30-day all-cause readmission, whereas being female was a protective factor (0.91 (0.88¿0.94)). Conclusions: Comorbidities, previous exacerbations and hospitalisation, and increased length of stay were significant risk factors for 30-and 90-day all-cause readmission after an index hospitalisation with an exacerbation of COPD.

DOI 10.1183/16000617.0166-2019
Citations Scopus - 22
2020 Rotter T, Plishka C, Lawal A, Fiander M, Harrison EL, Flynn R, et al., 'Lean management in health care: effects on patient outcomes, professional practice, and healthcare systems', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2020 (2020)

The planned review outlined in this protocol has not been successfully converted into a full Cochrane Review within established timelines and for this reason has been withdrawn fr... [more]

The planned review outlined in this protocol has not been successfully converted into a full Cochrane Review within established timelines and for this reason has been withdrawn from the CDSR.

DOI 10.1002/14651858.CD012831.pub2
Citations Scopus - 4
2019 Rotter T, Plishka C, Lawal A, Harrison L, Sari N, Goodridge D, et al., 'What Is Lean Management in Health Care? Development of an Operational Definition for a Cochrane Systematic Review', EVALUATION & THE HEALTH PROFESSIONS, 42 366-390 (2019)
DOI 10.1177/0163278718756992
Citations Scopus - 25Web of Science - 20
2019 Khanam MA, Kitsos A, Stankovich J, Castelino R, Jose M, Kinsman L, et al., 'Chronic kidney disease monitoring in Australian general practice', AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF GENERAL PRACTICE, 48 132-137 (2019)
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 3
2019 Lawal AK, Groot G, Goodridge D, Scott S, Kinsman L, 'Development of a program theory for clinical pathways in hospitals: protocol for a realist review', SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS, 8 (2019)
DOI 10.1186/s13643-019-1046-0
Citations Scopus - 3
2019 Mesman J, Walsh K, Kinsman L, Ford K, Bywaters D, 'Blending Video-Reflexive Ethnography With Solution-Focused Approach: A Strengths-Based Approach to Practice Improvement in Health Care', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF QUALITATIVE METHODS, 18 (2019) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/1609406919875277
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 4
2019 Butler M, Schultz TJ, Halligan P, Sheridan A, Kinsman L, Rotter T, et al., 'Hospital nurse-staffing models and patient-and staff-related outcomes (Review)', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2019 (2019) [C1]
DOI 10.1002/14651858.CD007019.pub3
Citations Scopus - 18Web of Science - 24
2019 Dwyer M, Rehman S, Ottavi T, Stankovich J, Gall S, Peterson G, et al., 'Urban-rural differences in the care and outcomes of acute stroke patients: Systematic review', Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 397 63-74 (2019) [C1]

Objective: To describe literature pertaining to urban-rural differences in both the quality of care and outcomes of acute stroke patients. Methods: We systematically searched CINA... [more]

Objective: To describe literature pertaining to urban-rural differences in both the quality of care and outcomes of acute stroke patients. Methods: We systematically searched CINAHL, PubMed, ProQuest Dissertations & Theses, and Scopus for published and unpublished literature until 9th December 2017. Studies were included if they compared the acute care provided to, or outcomes of, patients hospitalised for stroke in urban versus rural settings. Abstract, full-text review, and data extraction were conducted in duplicate. Findings are presented in the form of narrative syntheses. Results: A total of 28 studies were included in the review (16 on care, 12 on outcomes). With few exceptions, studies addressing the provision of care suggested that rural patients have less access to most aspects of acute stroke care. Studies reporting urban-rural differences in patient outcomes were inconsistent in their findings, however, few of these studies were primarily focused on the issue of urban-rural disparities. Overall, study findings did not appear to differ in line with study quality ratings, stroke subtypes included, or how inter-facility patient transfers were accounted for. Conclusions: There is convincing, albeit not unanimous, evidence to suggest that stroke patients in rural areas receive less acute care than their urban counterparts. Despite this, the available data and methodology have largely not been used to study urban-rural differences in patient outcomes. PROSPERO registration information: URL: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero. Unique identifier: CRD42017073262.

DOI 10.1016/j.jns.2018.12.021
Citations Scopus - 11Web of Science - 10
2018 Chung C, Cooper SJ, Cant RP, Connell C, McKay A, Kinsman L, et al., 'The educational impact of web-based and face-to-face patient deterioration simulation programs: An interventional trial', NURSE EDUCATION TODAY, 64 93-98 (2018)
DOI 10.1016/j.nedt.2018.01.037
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 8
2018 Siddiqui N, Dwyer M, Stankovich J, Peterson G, Greenfield D, Si L, Kinsman L, 'Hospital length of stay variation and comorbidity of mental illness: a retrospective study of five common chronic medical conditions', BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 18 (2018)
DOI 10.1186/s12913-018-3316-2
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 8
2018 Unwin M, Crisp E, Rigby S, Kinsman L, 'Investigating the referral of patients with non-urgent conditions to a regional Australian emergency department: a study protocol', BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 18 (2018)
DOI 10.1186/s12913-018-3411-4
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 3
2018 Morley C, Stankovich J, Peterson G, Kinsman L, 'Planning for the future: Emergency department presentation patterns in Tasmania, Australia', INTERNATIONAL EMERGENCY NURSING, 38 34-40 (2018)
DOI 10.1016/j.ienj.2017.09.001
Citations Scopus - 11Web of Science - 11
2018 Morley C, Unwin M, Peterson GM, Stankovich J, Kinsman L, 'Emergency department crowding: A systematic review of causes, consequences and solutions', PLOS ONE, 13 (2018)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0203316
Citations Scopus - 219Web of Science - 191
2018 Chan A, Kinsman L, Elmer S, Khanam M, 'An integrative review: Adherence barriers to a low-salt diet in culturally diverse heart failure adults', Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 36 37-47 (2018) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 3
2017 Callaghan A, Kinsman L, Cooper S, Radomski N, 'The factors that influence junior doctors capacity to recognise, respond and manage patient deterioration in an acute ward setting: An integrative review', Australian Critical Care, 30 197-209 (2017)

Objectives Junior doctors are frequently the first doctor to be called by a nurse to review patients whose clinical status has declined in hospital wards, yet little is known abou... [more]

Objectives Junior doctors are frequently the first doctor to be called by a nurse to review patients whose clinical status has declined in hospital wards, yet little is known about how well prepared they are to deal with this situation. This paper aims to identify the factors that influence junior doctors¿ early recognition and management of patient deterioration in an acute ward settings. Method Integrative review methodology was used to allow for the inclusion of broad research designs, summarising current knowledge from existing research and identify gaps in the literature. Quantitative, qualitative and mixed method studies were included. An electronic database search including PubMed, Medline and Scopus was performed. Research articles, exploring junior doctors¿ skills specific to critically ill, or deteriorating patients, technical and non-technical skills and failure to rescue were included. Findings Thirty-three articles were included, of which eighteen were quantitative, six qualitative and nine mixed methods The majority of the studies, eighteen out of thirty-three, were from the United Kingdom. The evidence showed that the capacity for junior doctors to effectively deal with patient deterioration was influenced by: educational models that incorporated non-technical skills; the integration of high quality clinical simulation into education; and the level and type of supervision in the clinical environment. Conclusion The factors that influence junior doctors¿ capacity to recognise, respond and manage patient deterioration in an acute ward settings are complex. This review indicates that there is substantial room for improvement in junior doctors¿ capacity to deal with patient deterioration. Evidence suggests preparation of junior doctors in the recognition and management of the deteriorating patient is influenced by effective simulation education and clinical experiential exposure over time. More accessible supervision for junior doctors in acute wards is recommended to avert error and delays in the appropriate escalation of care in the deteriorating patient.

DOI 10.1016/j.aucc.2016.09.004
Citations Scopus - 11Web of Science - 9
2017 Sari N, Rotter T, Goodridge D, Harrison L, Kinsman L, 'An economic analysis of a system wide Lean approach: Cost estimations for the implementation of Lean in the Saskatchewan healthcare system for 2012-2014', BMC Health Services Research, 17 (2017)

Background: The costs of investing in health care reform initiatives to improve quality and safety have been underreported and are often underestimated. This paper reports direct ... [more]

Background: The costs of investing in health care reform initiatives to improve quality and safety have been underreported and are often underestimated. This paper reports direct and indirect cost estimates for the initial phase of the province-wide implementation of Lean activities in Saskatchewan, Canada. Methods: In order to obtain detailed information about each type of Lean event, as well as the total number of corresponding Lean events, we used the Provincial Kaizen Promotion Office (PKPO) Kaizen database. While the indirect cost of Lean implementation has been estimated using the corresponding wage rate for the event participants, the direct cost has been estimated using the fees paid to the consultant and other relevant expenses. Results: The total cost for implementation of Lean over two years (2012-2014), including consultants and new hires, ranged from $44 million CAD to $49.6 million CAD, depending upon the assumptions used. Consultant costs accounted for close to 50% of the total. The estimated cost of Lean events alone ranged from $16 million CAD to $19.5 million CAD, with Rapid Process Improvement Workshops requiring the highest input of resources. Conclusions: Recognizing the substantial financial and human investments required to undertake reforms designed to improve quality and contain cost, policy makers must carefully consider whether and how these efforts result in the desired transformations. Evaluation of the outcomes of these investments must be part of the accountability framework, even prior to implementation.

DOI 10.1186/s12913-017-2477-8
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 8
2017 Rotter T, Plishka C, Hansia MR, Goodridge D, Penz E, Kinsman L, et al., 'The development, implementation and evaluation of clinical pathways for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Saskatchewan: Protocol for an interrupted times series evaluation', BMC Health Services Research, 17 (2017)

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has substantial economic and human costs; it is expected to be the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2030. To mini... [more]

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has substantial economic and human costs; it is expected to be the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2030. To minimize these costs high quality guidelines have been developed. However, guidelines alone rarely result in meaningful change. One method of integrating guidelines into practice is the use of clinical pathways (CPWs). CPWs bring available evidence to a range of healthcare professionals by detailing the essential steps in care and adapting guidelines to the local context. Methods/design: We are working with local stakeholders to develop CPWs for COPD with the aims of improving care while reducing utilization. The CPWs will employ several steps including: standardizing diagnostic training, unifying components of chronic disease care, coordinating education and reconditioning programs, and ensuring care uses best practices. Further, we have worked to identify evidence-informed implementation strategies which will be tailored to the local context. We will conduct a three-year research project using an interrupted time series (ITS) design in the form of a multiple baseline approach with control groups. The CPW will be implemented in two health regions (experimental groups) and two health regions will act as controls (control groups). The experimental and control groups will each contain an urban and rural health region. Primary outcomes for the study will be quality of care operationalized using hospital readmission rates and emergency department (ED) presentation rates. Secondary outcomes will be healthcare utilization and guideline adherence, operationalized using hospital admission rates, hospital length of stay and general practitioner (GP) visits. Results will be analyzed using segmented regression analysis. Discussion: Funding has been procured from multiple stakeholders. The project has been deemed exempt from ethics review as it is a quality improvement project. Intervention implementation is expected to begin in summer of 2017. This project is expected to improve quality of care and reduce healthcare utilization. In addition it will provide evidence on the effects of CPWs in both urban and rural settings. If the CPWs are found effective we will work with all stakeholders to implement similar CPWs in surrounding health regions. Trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03075709). Registered 8 March 2017.

DOI 10.1186/s12913-017-2750-x
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 4
2017 Rotter T, Plishka CT, Adegboyega L, Fiander M, Harrison EL, Flynn R, et al., 'Lean management in health care: Effects on patient outcomes, professional practice, and healthcare systems', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2017 (2017)

This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess effects of Lean management in health care on patient, professional, and systems o... [more]

This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess effects of Lean management in health care on patient, professional, and systems outcomes by addressing the following question. What are the effects of Lean management interventions in health care on patient outcomes, professional practice, and healthcare systems? What are the effects of Lean management interventions in health care on patient outcomes, professional practice, and healthcare systems? To answer the following questions in addressing secondary objectives: What are the effects of Lean management interventions in combination with other management systems (e.g. Six Sigma) on patient outcomes, professional practice, and healthcare systems (utilisation and access, adverse effects, cost)? Is the effectiveness of Lean interventions influenced by the setting (e.g. Emergency Department, Laboratory, Pharmacy) in which they are implemented? What are the effects of Lean management interventions in combination with other management systems (e.g. Six Sigma) on patient outcomes, professional practice, and healthcare systems (utilisation and access, adverse effects, cost)? Is the effectiveness of Lean interventions influenced by the setting (e.g. Emergency Department, Laboratory, Pharmacy) in which they are implemented?.

DOI 10.1002/14651858.CD012831
Citations Scopus - 5
2016 Plishka C, Rotter T, Kinsman L, Hansia MR, Lawal A, Goodridge D, et al., 'Effects of clinical pathways for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on patient, professional and systems outcomes: protocol for a systematic review', SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS, 5 (2016)
DOI 10.1186/s13643-016-0311-8
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 4
2016 Allenby A, Kinsman L, Tham R, Symons J, Jones M, Campbell S, 'The quality of cardiovascular disease prevention in rural primary care', Australian Journal of Rural Health, 24 92-98 (2016)

Objective: To measure the differences in the recording of risk factors and lifestyle advice between those at high risk of cardiovascular disease and those diagnosed with cardiovas... [more]

Objective: To measure the differences in the recording of risk factors and lifestyle advice between those at high risk of cardiovascular disease and those diagnosed with cardiovascular disease, and to identify the practice characteristics associated with such recording in rural primary care. Design: A cross-sectional observation study of 14 general practices. Medical records were audited to measure recording of risk factors and lifestyle advice for those at high risk of and those diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. Practice characteristics were collected, with logistic regression used to test for an association with the recording of risk factors. Setting: General practices in rural Australia. Participants: Each practice was asked to identify 20 patients; 10 at high risk and 10 diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. Main outcome measures: The recording of risk factors and lifestyle advice in patient records and practice characteristics. Results: 282 records were audited with 142 being high risk and 140 diagnosed with cardiovascular disease.Measures recorded significantly less in the high-risk group were: blood pressure (94% versus 99%; P=0.019); physical activity (24% versus 56%; P=0.000); dietary advice (32% versus 51%; P=0.001); and physical activity advice (34% versus 56%; P=0.000). Recording of risk factors was positively associated with practice involvement in quality improvement (P<0.001), continuing education (P<0.001), and greater percentage of general practitioners (P<0.05) and practice nurses (P<0.001). Conclusions: There is substantial room for enhanced cardiovascular disease prevention through rural primary care in Australia, particularly for high-risk patients. This study has demonstrated an association between practice factors (including targeted education, quality improvement activities and appropriate workforce) and improved preventive activities.

DOI 10.1111/ajr.12224
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 6
2016 Kinsman L, Tham R, Symons J, Jones M, Campbell S, Allenby A, 'Prevention of cardiovascular disease in rural Australian primary care: An exploratory study of the perspectives of clinicians and high-risk men', Australian Journal of Primary Health, 22 510-516 (2016)

Rural primary care services have the potential to play a major role in reducing the gap in cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes between rural and metropolitan Australians, partic... [more]

Rural primary care services have the potential to play a major role in reducing the gap in cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes between rural and metropolitan Australians, particularly in men at high risk of CVD. The aim of this study was to explore the self-reported behaviours and satisfaction with their general practice/practitioner of men at high risk of CVD, and attitudes of rural primary care clinicians regarding the role of primary care in CVD prevention. This observational research was addressed through survey questionnaires with rural men at high risk of CVD and semi-structured interviews with rural primary care clinicians. Fourteen rural primary care practices from towns with populations less than 25000 participated. One hundred and fifty-eight high-risk men completed the questionnaire. Their responses demonstrated poorly controlled risk factors despite a willingness to change. Alternatively, rural primary care clinicians (n=20) reported that patients were unlikely to change and that illness-based funding models inhibited cardiovascular preventive activities. Australians living in rural areas have worse CVD outcomes. In addition, there is a disparity in the assumptions of health providers and male patients at high risk of CVD in rural areas. This necessitates innovative rural primary care models that include a blended payment system that incentivises or funds preventive care alongside an emphasis on lifestyle advice, as well as an explicit strategy to influence clinician and patient behaviour to help address the disparity.

DOI 10.1071/PY15091
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1
2016 Cooper SJ, Kinsman L, Chung C, Cant R, Boyle J, Bull L, et al., 'The impact of web-based and face-to-face simulation on patient deterioration and patient safety: protocol for a multi-site multi-method design', BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 16 (2016)
DOI 10.1186/s12913-016-1683-0
Citations Scopus - 9Web of Science - 7
2016 Lawal AK, Rotter T, Kinsman L, Machotta A, Ronellenfitsch U, Scott SD, et al., 'What is a clinical pathway? Refinement of an operational definition to identify clinical pathway studies for a Cochrane systematic review', BMC MEDICINE, 14 (2016)
DOI 10.1186/s12916-016-0580-z
Citations Scopus - 70Web of Science - 58
2016 Unwin M, Kinsman L, Rigby S, 'Why are we waiting? Patients' perspectives for accessing emergency department services with non-urgent complaints', INTERNATIONAL EMERGENCY NURSING, 29 3-8 (2016)
DOI 10.1016/j.ienj.2016.09.003
Citations Scopus - 48Web of Science - 47
2016 Chung C, Cooper S, Kinsman L, Evans L, Cahill A, 'RESEARCH: PATIENT DETERIORATION -- PATIENT SAFETY', Australian nursing &amp; midwifery journal, 24 41 (2016)

Inadequate management of deteriorating patients is of international concern. In order to tackle this issue there has been an increasing effort to upskill nursing and medical staff... [more]

Inadequate management of deteriorating patients is of international concern. In order to tackle this issue there has been an increasing effort to upskill nursing and medical staff (Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Healthcare, 2012).

Citations Scopus - 1
2015 Ingham G, Morgan S, Kinsman L, Fry J, 'Are GP supervisors confident they can assess registrar competence and safety, and what methods do they use?', AUSTRALIAN FAMILY PHYSICIAN, 44 236-240 (2015)
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 4
2015 Endacott R, Bogossian FF, Cooper SJ, Forbes H, Kain VJ, Young SC, Porter JF, 'Leadership and teamwork in medical emergencies: performance of nursing students and registered nurses in simulated patient scenarios', JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NURSING, 24 90-100 (2015)
DOI 10.1111/jocn.12611
Citations Web of Science - 25
2015 Morgan S, Ingham G, Kinsman L, Fry J, 'Clinical supervision using random case analysis in general practice training', Education for Primary Care, 26 40-46 (2015)
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 7
2015 Cooper S, Cant R, Bogossian F, Kinsman L, Bucknall T, 'Patient Deterioration Education: Evaluation of Face-to-Face Simulation and e-Simulation Approaches', CLINICAL SIMULATION IN NURSING, 11 97-105 (2015)
DOI 10.1016/j.ecns.2014.10.010
Citations Scopus - 28Web of Science - 26
2014 Campbell AM, Brown J, Simon DR, Young S, Kinsman L, 'Leading the rebirth of the rural obstetrician', MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA, 201 667-670 (2014)
DOI 10.5694/mja14.00278
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 5
2014 Tham R, Buykx P, Kinsman L, Ward B, Humphreys JS, Asaid A, et al., 'Staff perceptions of primary healthcare service change: influences on staff satisfaction', AUSTRALIAN HEALTH REVIEW, 38 580-583 (2014)
DOI 10.1071/AH14015
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 4
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2014 Bogossian F, Cooper S, Cant R, Beauchamp A, Porter J, Kain V, et al., 'Undergraduate nursing students' performance in recognising and responding to sudden patient deterioration in high psychological fidelity simulated environments: An Australian multi-centre study', NURSE EDUCATION TODAY, 34 691-696 (2014)
DOI 10.1016/j.nedt.2013.09.015
Citations Scopus - 70Web of Science - 69
2014 Ward BM, Buykx PF, Tham R, Kinsman L, Humphreys JS, 'Investing in longitudinal studies of primary healthcare: what can we learn about service performance, sustainability and quality?', RURAL AND REMOTE HEALTH, 14 (2014)
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 3
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2014 Kinsman L, Rotter T, Stevenson K, Bath B, Goodridge D, Harrison L, et al., '"The largest Lean transformation in the world": the implementation and evaluation of lean in Saskatchewan healthcare', Healthcare quarterly (Toronto, Ont.), 17 29-32 (2014)

The Saskatchewan Ministry of Health has committed to a multi-million dollar investment toward the implementation of Lean methodology across the province&apos;s healthcare system. ... [more]

The Saskatchewan Ministry of Health has committed to a multi-million dollar investment toward the implementation of Lean methodology across the province's healthcare system. Originating as a production line discipline (the Toyota Production System), Lean has evolved to encompass process improvements including inventory management, waste reduction and quality improvement techniques. With an initial focus on leadership, strategic alignment, training and the creation of a supportive infrastructure (Lean promotion offices), the goal in Saskatchewan is a whole health system transformation that produces "better health, better value, better care, and better teams." Given the scope and scale of the initiative and the commitment of resources, it is vital that a comprehensive, longitudinal evaluation plan be implemented to support ongoing decision-making and program design. The nature of the initiative also offers a unique opportunity to contribute to health quality improvement science by advancing our understanding of the implementation and evaluation of complex, large-scale healthcare interventions. The purpose of this article is to summarize the background to Lean in Saskatchewan and the proposed evaluation methods.

Citations Scopus - 15
2014 Rotter T, Machotta A, Kinsman L, Champion R, 'Evaluation of a clinical pathway for 'radical laparoscopic prostatectomy': An interrupted time series study', International Journal of Urological Nursing, 8 84-89 (2014)

The aim of this study was a rigorous evaluation of a clinical pathway (CP) in patients who underwent a radical laparoscopic prostatectomy (RLP). The study was performed at a Germa... [more]

The aim of this study was a rigorous evaluation of a clinical pathway (CP) in patients who underwent a radical laparoscopic prostatectomy (RLP). The study was performed at a German university hospital. The Department of Urology has considerable expertise and performs more than 200 RLP per year. The CP for 'RLP' was developed based on the best available evidence and introduced in July 2003. It was composed of six modules, and in each module standardized recommendations for clinical examination, therapy and outcome measurement were given. An interrupted time series design with multiple linear regression models was used to measure the effects of a CP for 'RLP' on length of hospital stay, and durations of operation and anaesthesia before and after implementation. ¿2 tests were used to compare the number of patients admitted to intensive care unit, the number requiring re-operation during admission, the number requiring transfusion(s) of blood products and 30-d readmission rates. A total of 254 patients were analysed. A significant reduction in operation time and admission to intensive care but also a significant increase of patients readmitted to the hospital after the implementation of a CP was observed. Inconclusive results always warrant careful exploration, and measures on CP uptake should always be used to evaluate the success or failure of the implementation strategy. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

DOI 10.1111/ijun.12036
Citations Scopus - 2
2014 Lawal AK, Rotter T, Kinsman L, Sari N, Harrison L, Jeffery C, et al., 'Lean management in health care: Definition, concepts, methodology and effects reported (systematic review protocol)', Systematic Reviews, 3 (2014)

Background: Lean is a set of operating philosophies and methods that help create a maximum value for patients by reducing waste and waits. It emphasizes the consideration of the c... [more]

Background: Lean is a set of operating philosophies and methods that help create a maximum value for patients by reducing waste and waits. It emphasizes the consideration of the customer's needs, employee involvement and continuous improvement. Research on the application and implementation of lean principles in health care has been limited. Methods: This is a protocol for a systematic review, following the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) methodology. The review aims to document, catalogue and synthesize the existing literature on the effects of lean implementation in health care settings especially the potential effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. We have developed a Medline keyword search strategy, and this focused strategy will be translated into other databases. All search strategies will be provided in the review. The method proposed by the Cochrane EPOC group regarding randomized study designs, non-randomised controlled trials controlled before and after studies and interrupted time series will be followed. In addition, we will also include cohort, case-control studies, and relevant non-comparative publications such as case reports. We will categorize and analyse the review findings according to the study design employed, the study quality (low- versus high-quality studies) and the reported types of implementation in the primary studies. We will present the results of studies in a tabular form. Discussion: Overall, the systematic review aims to identify, assess and synthesize the evidence to underpin the implementation of lean activities in health care settings as defined in this protocol. As a result, the review will provide an evidence base for the effectiveness of lean and implementation methodologies reported in health care.

DOI 10.1186/2046-4053-3-103
Citations Scopus - 63
2012 Rotter T, Kinsman L, James E, Machotta A, Willis J, Snow P, Kugler J, 'The Effects of Clinical Pathways on Professional Practice, Patient Outcomes, Length of Stay, and Hospital Costs: Cochrane Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis', EVALUATION & THE HEALTH PROFESSIONS, 35 3-27 (2012) [C3]
DOI 10.1177/0163278711407313
Citations Scopus - 87Web of Science - 77
Co-authors Erica James
2012 Buykx P, Humphreys J, Wakerman J, Perkins D, Lyle D, McGrail M, Kinsman L, 'Making evidence count': A framework to monitor the impact of health services research', AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF RURAL HEALTH, 20 51-58 (2012) [C1]
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1584.2012.01256.x
Citations Scopus - 31Web of Science - 28
Co-authors David Perkins, Penny Buykx
2012 Rotter T, Kinsman L, James EL, Machotta A, Steyerberg EW, 'The quality of the evidence base for clinical pathway effectiveness: Room for improvement in the design of evaluation trials', BMC Medical Research Methodology, 12 80 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 17Web of Science - 14
Co-authors Erica James
2012 Endacott R, Scholes J, Cooper S, McConnell-Henry T, Porter J, Missen K, et al., 'Identifying patient deterioration: Using simulation and reflective interviewing to examine decision making skills in a rural hospital', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING STUDIES, 49 710-717 (2012)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.11.018
Citations Scopus - 22Web of Science - 17
2012 Kinsman LD, Rotter T, Willis J, Snow PC, Buykx P, Humphreys JS, 'Do clinical pathways enhance access to evidence-based acute myocardial infarction treatment in rural emergency departments?', AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF RURAL HEALTH, 20 59-66 (2012)
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1584.2012.01262.x
Citations Scopus - 18Web of Science - 18
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2012 Kinsman L, 'Making a difference: An appreciation of the career of Professor John Humphreys', AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF RURAL HEALTH, 20 173-174 (2012)
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1584.2012.01292.x
2012 Kinsman L, Buykx P, Cant R, Champion R, Cooper S, Endacott R, et al., 'The FIRST2ACT simulation program improves nursing practice in a rural Australian hospital', AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF RURAL HEALTH, 20 270-274 (2012)
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1584.2012.01296.x
Citations Scopus - 26Web of Science - 24
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2012 Buykx P, Missen K, Cooper S, Porter J, McConnell-Henry T, Cant R, et al., 'Emergency training boosts confidence.', Australian nursing journal (July 1993), 19 43 (2012)
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2012 Buykx P, Cooper S, Kinsman L, Endacott R, Scholes J, McConnell-Henry T, Cant R, 'Patient deterioration simulation experiences: Impact on teaching and learning', COLLEGIAN, 19 125-129 (2012)
DOI 10.1016/j.colegn.2012.03.011
Citations Scopus - 17Web of Science - 14
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2012 Scholes J, Endacott R, Biro M, Bulle B, Cooper S, Miles M, et al., 'Clinical decision-making: midwifery students' recognition of, and response to, post partum haemorrhage in the simulation environment', BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, 12 (2012)
DOI 10.1186/1471-2393-12-19
Citations Scopus - 29Web of Science - 26
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2012 Buykx P, Humphreys JS, Tham R, Kinsman L, Wakerman J, Asaid A, Tuohey K, 'How do small rural primary health care services sustain themselves in a constantly changing health system environment?', BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 12 (2012)
DOI 10.1186/1472-6963-12-81
Citations Scopus - 18Web of Science - 19
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2012 Cooper S, Bulle B, Biro MA, Jones J, Miles M, Gilmour C, et al., 'Managing women with acute physiological deterioration: Student midwives performance in a simulated setting', WOMEN AND BIRTH, 25 E27-E36 (2012)
DOI 10.1016/j.wombi.2011.08.009
Citations Scopus - 22Web of Science - 20
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2012 Cooper S, Beauchamp A, Bogossian F, Bucknall T, Cant R, DeVries B, et al., 'Managing patient deterioration: A protocol for enhancing undergraduate nursing students' competence through web-based simulation and feedback techniques', BMC Nursing, 11 (2012)

Aims: To describe a funded proposal for the development of an on-line evidence based educational program for the management of deteriorating patients.Background: There are interna... [more]

Aims: To describe a funded proposal for the development of an on-line evidence based educational program for the management of deteriorating patients.Background: There are international concerns regarding the management of deteriorating patients with issues around the 'failure to rescue'. The primary response to these issues has been the development of medical emergency teams with little focus on the education of primary first responders.Design/Methods: A mixed methods triangulated convergent design.In this four phase proposal we plan to 1. examine nursing student team ability to manage deteriorating patients and based upon these findings 2. develop web based educational material, including interactive scenarios. This educational material will be tested and refined in the third Phase 3, prior to evaluation and dissemination in the final phase.Conclusion: This project aims to enhance knowledge development for the management of deteriorating patients through rigorous assessment of team performance and to produce a contemporary evidence-based online training program. © 2012 Cooper et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

DOI 10.1186/1472-6955-11-18
Citations Scopus - 21
2011 Rotter T, Kinsman L, James EL, Machotta A, Willis J, Snow P, Kugler J, 'Have we drawn the wrong conclusions about the value of care pathways?: Is a Cochrane review appropriate?: Response to the commentary article published by Kris Vanhaecht et al', Evaluation & the Health Professions, 1-4 (2011) [C3]
DOI 10.1177/0163278711409209
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
Co-authors Erica James
2011 Buykx P, Kinsman L, Cooper S, McConnell-Henry T, Cant R, Endacott R, Scholes J, 'FIRST(2)ACT: Educating nurses to identify patient deterioration - A theory-based model for best practice simulation education', NURSE EDUCATION TODAY, 31 687-693 (2011)
DOI 10.1016/j.nedt.2011.03.006
Citations Scopus - 61Web of Science - 52
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2011 Cooper S, Buykx P, McConnell-Henry T, Kinsman L, McDermott S, 'Simulation: can it eliminate failure to rescue?', Nursing times, 107 18-20 (2011)

Evidence shows the management of deteriorating patients needs to be improved, particularly in midwifery care. In a series of three simulation-based studies in Australia we examine... [more]

Evidence shows the management of deteriorating patients needs to be improved, particularly in midwifery care. In a series of three simulation-based studies in Australia we examined qualified nurses', student nurses' and midwives' ability to manage patient deterioration. Nurses' knowledge levels were acceptable but their skill performance was low and there was a gap between the theory and practice they had experienced. In these high-pressure situations, demographic factors (including educational level) had no impact on their performance, which suggests they need repetitive "high-stakes" simulation, improved feedback mechanisms and enhanced educational processes.

Citations Scopus - 15
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2011 Tham R, Humphreys JS, Kinsman L, Buykx P, Asaid A, Tuohey K, 'Study protocol: Evaluating the impact of a rural Australian primary health care service on rural health', BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 11 (2011)
DOI 10.1186/1472-6963-11-52
Citations Scopus - 9Web of Science - 10
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2011 Martin M, Champion R, Kinsman L, Masman K, 'Mapping patient flow in a regional Australian emergency department: A model driven approach', INTERNATIONAL EMERGENCY NURSING, 19 75-85 (2011)
DOI 10.1016/j.ienj.2010.03.003
Citations Scopus - 30Web of Science - 29
2011 Cooper S, McConnell-Henry T, Cant R, Porter J, Missen K, Kinsman L, et al., 'Managing deteriorating patients: Registered nurses' performance in a simulated setting', Open Nursing Journal, 5 120-126 (2011)

Aim: To examine, in a simulated environment, rural nurses&apos; ability to assess and manage patient deterioration using measures of knowledge, situation awareness and skill perfo... [more]

Aim: To examine, in a simulated environment, rural nurses' ability to assess and manage patient deterioration using measures of knowledge, situation awareness and skill performance. Background: Nurses' ability to manage deterioration and 'failure to rescue' are of significant concern with questions over knowledge and clinical skills. Simulated emergencies may help to identify and develop core skills. Methods: An exploratory quantitative performance review. Thirty five nurses from a single ward completed a knowledge questionnaire and two video recorded simulated scenarios in a rural hospital setting. Patient actors simulated deteriorating patients with an Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) as the primary diagnosis. How aware individuals were of the situation (levels of situation awareness) were measured at the end of each scenario. Results: Knowledge of deterioration management varied considerably (range: 27%-91%) with a mean score of 67%. Average situation awareness scores and skill scores across the two scenarios (AMI and COPD) were low (50%) with many important observations and actions missed. Participants did identify that 'patients' were deteriorating but as each patient deteriorated staff performance declined with a reduction in all observational records and actions. In many cases, performance decrements appeared to be related to high anxiety levels. Participants tended to focus on single signs and symptoms and failed to use a systematic approach to patient assessment. Conclusion: Knowledge and skills were generally low in this rural hospital sample with notable performance decrements as patients acutely declined. Educational models that incorporate high fidelity simulation and feedback techniques are likely to have a significant positive impact on performance. © Cooper et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

DOI 10.2174/18744346011050100120
Citations Scopus - 43
2010 Kinsman L, Rotter T, James EL, Snow P, Willis J, 'What is a clinical pathway? Development of a definition to inform the debate', BMC Medicine, 8 1-3 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.1186/1741-7015-8-31
Citations Scopus - 243Web of Science - 209
Co-authors Erica James
2010 Cooper S, Cant R, Porter J, Sellick K, Somers G, Kinsman L, Nestel D, 'Rating medical emergency teamwork performance: Development of the Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM)', RESUSCITATION, 81 446-452 (2010)
DOI 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2009.11.027
Citations Scopus - 179Web of Science - 171
2010 Endacott R, Scholes J, Buykx P, Cooper S, Kinsman L, McConnell-Henry T, 'Final-year nursing students' ability to assess, detect and act on clinical cues of deterioration in a simulated environment', JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING, 66 2722-2731 (2010)
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05417.x
Citations Scopus - 49Web of Science - 44
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2010 Cooper S, Kinsman L, Buykx P, McConnell-Henry T, Endacott R, Scholes J, 'Managing the deteriorating patient in a simulated environment: nursing students' knowledge, skill and situation awareness', JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NURSING, 19 2309-2318 (2010)
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.03164.x
Citations Scopus - 107Web of Science - 101
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2010 Tham R, Humphreys J, Kinsman L, Buykx P, Asaid A, Tuohey K, Riley K, 'Evaluating the impact of sustainable comprehensive primary health care on rural health', AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF RURAL HEALTH, 18 166-172 (2010)
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1584.2010.01145.x
Citations Scopus - 17Web of Science - 15
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2010 Rotter T, Kinsman L, James EL, Machotta A, Gothe H, Willis J, et al., 'Clinical pathways: effects on professional practice, patient outcomes, length of stay and hospital costs', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1-163 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.1002/14651858.CD006632.pub2
Citations Scopus - 290Web of Science - 370
Co-authors Erica James
2009 Rotter T, Kinsman L, James E, Machotta A, Gothe H, Kugler J, 'The experience of conducting a cochrane systematic review of the impact of clinical pathways on professional practice, patient outcomes, length of stay and hospital costs', International Journal of Care Pathways, 13 62-66 (2009) [C1]

Despite the high prevalence of clinical pathways (CPWs), the results from published studies are inconsistent and contradictory. The plethora of study designs, settings and lack of... [more]

Despite the high prevalence of clinical pathways (CPWs), the results from published studies are inconsistent and contradictory. The plethora of study designs, settings and lack of an agreed definition of a CPW make the relevance of individual studies difficult to apply to clinical settings. It was timely to catalogue and analyse the existing evidence base for CPWs via a rigorous systematic review. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses provide a high level of evidence for the effectiveness of interventions and are commonly employed reviewing strategies for addressing scientific questions in health-related research. This method is especially useful when research results are known to be inconsistent. Instead of conducting another primary evaluation, a detailed review is needed that reflects a summation of available research. This paper reports and discusses methodological and technical issues of a systematic review of the effectiveness of CPWs in hospitals, based on our experience with the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group.

DOI 10.1258/jicp.2009.009009
Citations Scopus - 2
Co-authors Erica James
2009 Kinsman LD, Redfern J, Briffa TG, 'Invasive management and late clinical outcomes in contemporary Australian management of acute coronary syndromes: observations from the ACACIA registry', MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA, 190 162-162 (2009)
DOI 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2009.tb02324.x
2009 Briffa TG, Kinsman L, Maiorana AJ, Zecchin R, Redfern J, Davidson PM, et al., 'An integrated and coordinated approach to preventing recurrent coronary heart disease events in Australia Policy statement from the Australian Cardiovascular Health and Rehabilitation Association', MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA, 190 683-686 (2009)
DOI 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2009.tb02636.x
Citations Scopus - 46Web of Science - 46
2009 Wakerman J, Humphreys JS, Wells R, Kuipers P, Jones JA, Entwistle P, Kinsman L, 'Features of effective primary health care models in rural and remote Australia: a case-study analysis', MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA, 191 88-91 (2009)
DOI 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2009.tb02700.x
Citations Scopus - 41Web of Science - 45
2009 Humphreys JS, Kuipers P, Wakerman J, Wells R, Jones JA, Kinsman LD, 'How far can systematic reviews inform policy development for "wicked" rural health service problems?', AUSTRALIAN HEALTH REVIEW, 33 592-600 (2009)
DOI 10.1071/AH090592
Citations Scopus - 9Web of Science - 9
2009 Kinsman LD, Buykx P, Humphreys JS, Snow PC, Willis J, 'A cluster randomised trial to assess the impact of clinical pathways on AMI management in rural Australian emergency departments', BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 9 (2009)
DOI 10.1186/1472-6963-9-83
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 8
Co-authors Penny Buykx
2008 Spencer P, Kinsman L, Fuzzard K, 'A critical care nurse's guide to intra abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome', Australian Critical Care, 21 18-28 (2008)

Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is a life-threatening syndrome that is increasing in incidence amongst critically ill patients. A 2005 survey of critical care nurses revealed... [more]

Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is a life-threatening syndrome that is increasing in incidence amongst critically ill patients. A 2005 survey of critical care nurses revealed that there were recognised knowledge deficits of ACS amongst surveyed nurses. The purpose of this review is to inform critical care nurses about ACS and its antecedent, intra abdominal hypertension (IAH). Detection techniques, causes, clinical manifestations and pathophysiology of IAH and ACS will be outlined and medical and nursing management will be reviewed. The incidence of ACS is reported to be up to 35% in the intensive care population with reduced survival when compared to other intensive care patients. Physiological changes that occur with ACS include compromise to the cardiovascular, respiratory, renal and neurological systems and development of metabolic acidosis. Management may incorporate percutaneous drainage of ascitic fluid, use of muscle relaxants, prone positioning and surgical intervention to open, decompress and gradually close the abdomen. Throughout this care the critical care nurse should ensure accurate monitoring of organ function, assessment for recurrence of ACS as well as the amount and type of drainage, appropriate wound management and provision of physical and psychosocial support of the patient. These aspects of care have the potential to impact significantly on patient outcome. Crown Copyright © 2007.

DOI 10.1016/j.aucc.2007.10.005
Citations Scopus - 10
2008 Kinsman L, Champion R, Lee G, Martin M, Masman K, May E, et al., 'Assessing the impact of streaming in a regional emergency department', EMERGENCY MEDICINE AUSTRALASIA, 20 221-227 (2008)
DOI 10.1111/j.1742-6723.2008.01077.x
Citations Scopus - 15Web of Science - 14
2007 Champion R, Kinsman LD, Lee GA, Masman KA, May EA, Mills TM, et al., 'Forecasting emergency department presentations', AUSTRALIAN HEALTH REVIEW, 31 83-90 (2007)
DOI 10.1071/AH070083
Citations Scopus - 72Web of Science - 61
2007 Kinsman L, Tori K, Endacott R, Sharp M, 'Guideline implementation fails to improve thrombolytic administration', Accident and Emergency Nursing, 15 27-33 (2007)

Background: International randomised controlled trials conducted over the last two decades have consistently demonstrated improved mortality and morbidity resulting from thromboly... [more]

Background: International randomised controlled trials conducted over the last two decades have consistently demonstrated improved mortality and morbidity resulting from thrombolytic therapy for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Subsequently, evidence-based guidelines have been designed and implemented to optimize thrombolytic delivery. The effect of evidence-based clinical guidelines on clinical practice is heavily influenced by strategies used to develop, disseminate and implement those guidelines. Aims: This study evaluated the impact of a collaborative, multifaceted implementation strategy for AMI management guidelines on thrombolytic usage in the Loddon Mallee Region, Victoria, Australia. Intervention: The multi-faceted implementation strategy included an inter-disciplinary team representing all treating venues contributing to the content of the "Guidelines for the Early Management of Acute Myocardial Infarction" followed by education sessions that coincided with the dissemination of the guidelines. Methods: A retrospective medical records audit 12 weeks before and 12 weeks after the intervention was used to evaluate the impact on proportion of those patients eligible and receiving a thrombolytic and door-to-needle time. Variables of treating venue, age, gender, type of AMI, and type of transport to hospital were also measured to determine their impact on results. Results and conclusions: A retrospective audit of 170 medical records found that the intervention appeared to have had no impact on the proportion of patients eligible and receiving a thrombolytic (74.2% vs. 62.5%: p = 0.275), and door-to-needle time (67.7 min vs. 60.5 min: p = 0.759). Venue specific influences produced a variety of patterns in thrombolytic delivery that require further exploration. This suggests that a single solution approach across multiple venues will have limited impact. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI 10.1016/j.aaen.2006.11.004
Citations Scopus - 10
2007 Price M, Fitzgerald L, Kinsman L, 'Quality improvement: The divergent views of managers and clinicians', Journal of Nursing Management, 15 43-50 (2007)

Aim: The aim of this study was to identify and explore nurse managers&apos; and clinical nurses&apos; perceptions of quality improvement as related to their practice. Background: ... [more]

Aim: The aim of this study was to identify and explore nurse managers' and clinical nurses' perceptions of quality improvement as related to their practice. Background: The quality improvement process has become an integral component of health care service delivery. The pivotal role that nurse managers and clinical nurses play in the success of quality improvement initiatives is consistently reported throughout the literature. Published evidence has primarily focused on nurses' perceptions of 'quality' and the importance of the nurse's role. However, the literature fails to provide evidence that nurse managers and clinical nurses agree with this. Method: Research was conducted at one large regional hospital in Australia in the year 2000 and used a descriptive qualitative research methodology. Data were collected using semistructured interviews with six nurse managers and six clinical nurses on two consecutive occasions and analysed using constant comparative analysis. Results: Nurse managers' and clinical nurses' understanding of the concept of quality improvement and how it applies to the practice of nursing differed. Each group identified that quality improvement can be beneficial to nursing practice, but blamed each other for potential benefits not being realized. Both nurse managers and clinical nurses offered similar solutions with varied emphasis on how quality improvement could improve nursing practice and patient outcomes. Conclusion: The quality improvement process requires review. Nurse managers and clinical nurses offered divergent views of the identified deficiencies in the way quality improvement is implemented that reduce its clinical impact. Integral to the success of any quality improvement process is the inclusion of views of both nurse managers and clinical nurses. © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2934.2006.00664.x
Citations Scopus - 25
2004 Kinsman L, James EL, Ham J, 'An interdisciplinary, evidence-based process of clinical pathway implementation increases pathway usage', Professional Case Management, 9 184-196 (2004) [C2]
Citations Scopus - 14
Co-authors Erica James
2004 Kinsman L, 'Clinical pathway compliance and quality improvement.', Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987), 18 33-35 (2004)

BACKGROUND: Clinical pathways have been developed to guide evidence-based practice in health care. The documented use of a clinical pathway by clinicians can be measured by chart ... [more]

BACKGROUND: Clinical pathways have been developed to guide evidence-based practice in health care. The documented use of a clinical pathway by clinicians can be measured by chart audit and used effectively as part of the quality improvement process. The application of a rigorous process of collecting data for quality improvement adds further evidence to the quality improvement process. This article describes a chart audit methodology developed and implemented to measure documented compliance with a myocardial infarction clinical pathway used in an acute hospital. CONCLUSION: The results informed a quality improvement process where documented use of the clinical pathway increased from 23 per cent to 58 per cent (p = 0.000). The chart audit methodology described was a key component in this successful quality improvement initiative.

Citations Scopus - 15
2001 Kinsman L, James EL, 'Evidence- based pathways need evidence -based implementation', Lippincott''s Case Management, 6(5) 208-219 (2001) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 6
Co-authors Erica James
Show 80 more journal articles

Review (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2007 Rotter T, Koch R, Kugler J, Gothe H, Kinsman L, James EL, 'Clinical pathways: Effects on professional practice, patient outcomes, length of stay and hospital costs. (Protocol)', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2007) [D1]
Citations Scopus - 177
Co-authors Erica James

Conference (3 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2019 Siddiqui N, Dwyer M, Stankovich J, Greenfield D, Peterson G, Si L, Kinsman L, 'Public reporting to facilitate integration of physical and mental care for hospital patients', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTEGRATED CARE (2019)
DOI 10.5334/ijic.s3493
2019 Dwyer M, Peterson G, Gall S, Francis K, Kitsos A, Kinsman L, et al., 'Urban-rural differences in access to acute stroke care and patient outcomes', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF STROKE (2019)
2018 Siddiqui N, Dwyer M, Stankovitch J, Si L, Peterson G, Greenfield D, Kinsman L, 'Measures for evidence based improvement in integrated care: Comparative analysis of hospital patients with chronic physical conditions and mental illness', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTEGRATED CARE (2018)
DOI 10.5334/ijic.s1020
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 24
Total funding $6,103,301

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20211 grants / $250,000

Research Capacity Building for Clinical Nurse and Midwife Consultants in Hunter New England, Central Coast and Mid North Coast Local Health Districts$250,000

Funding body: Hunter New England Local Health District

Funding body Hunter New England Local Health District
Project Team Professor Leigh Kinsman, Professor Maralyn Foureur, Professor Amanda Johnson, Professor Brett Mitchell, Professor Ashley Kable, Professor Vanessa McDonald, Doctor Pauletta Irwin, Vicki Simpson, Ms Elizabeth Grist, Lynne Bickerstaff
Scheme NSW Regional Health Partners
Role Lead
Funding Start 2021
Funding Finish 2022
GNo G2001403
Type Of Funding C2400 – Aust StateTerritoryLocal – Other
Category 2400
UON Y

20203 grants / $290,579

Production, Delivery, and Evaluation of a Health Literacy Approach and Materials$252,579

Funding body: Mental Health Commission

Funding body Mental Health Commission
Project Team Professor Leigh Kinsman, Associate Professor Graeme Browne, Prof Richard Osborne, Professor Mark Harris, Associate Professor Neil Thomas, Roy Batterham, Shandell Elmer, Richard Tranter, Julie Sturgess, Robyn Martin, Associate Professor Ben Harris-Roxas, Jackie Curtis, Dr Catherine Spooner, Doctor Pauletta Irwin
Scheme Request for Tender
Role Lead
Funding Start 2020
Funding Finish 2022
GNo G2000119
Type Of Funding C2400 – Aust StateTerritoryLocal – Other
Category 2400
UON Y

Health Literacy Initiative – Priority Population Engagement Coordinators$28,000

Funding body: Mental Health Commission

Funding body Mental Health Commission
Project Team Professor Leigh Kinsman, Associate Professor Graeme Browne, Ms Alycia Jacob
Scheme Request for Tender
Role Lead
Funding Start 2020
Funding Finish 2021
GNo G2000582
Type Of Funding C2400 – Aust StateTerritoryLocal – Other
Category 2400
UON Y

Investigating the health effects of bushfire smoke exposure, specifically on people with asthma, including pregnant women with asthma, and their children$10,000

Funding body: Hunter Medical Research Institute

Funding body Hunter Medical Research Institute
Project Team Conjoint Professor Peter Gibson, Doctor Vanessa Murphy, Professor Vanessa McDonald, Doctor Adam Collison, Conjoint Associate Professor Anne Vertigan, Doctor Megan Jensen, Doctor Dennis Thomas, Associate Professor Jay Horvat, Professor Maralyn Foureur, Professor Leigh Kinsman, Associate Professor Liz Holliday, Doctor Erin Harvey, Ms Alycia Jacob, Professor Joerg Mattes, Graeme Zosky, Wilfried Karmaus, Michele Goldman, Dr Craig Dalton
Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2020
Funding Finish 2020
GNo G2000414
Type Of Funding C3300 – Aust Philanthropy
Category 3300
UON Y

20192 grants / $711,000

Enhancing advance care planning systems to facilitate patient-centred care towards the end of life$649,000

This MRFF project will deliver a multifaceted intervention to:  

Provide additional training to key hospital staff (e.g. aged, cancer and chronic care teams) and GPs in the use of the ACP;

Develop and provide a program of medical governance with oversight by Palliative Care Staff Specialists who will assess ACP quality, and provide de-identified feedback to clinicians;

Promote My Health Record utilization for end of life care patients with health staff; and

Develop a network of ACP facilitators including nurses and social workers, to engage and extend ACP completion and use.

The study will examine the effects of this intervention on the quality and accessibility of ACPs, service use, and the concordance between ACP and end of life care. It will also examine the economic impact of the intervention compared to routine care.

Funding body: NSW Regional Health Partners

Funding body NSW Regional Health Partners
Project Team

Curley D, Lower A, Kinsman L, Whiteford G, Strazzari R, Reymond E, Morris B, Quirk F, Hobbs M, Healey D

Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2019
Funding Finish 2021
GNo
Type Of Funding C1300 - Aust Competitive - Medical Research Future Fund
Category 1300
UON N

Numeracy for life$62,000

This collaborative project between the UTAS Schools of Nursing and Education aims to enhance the employability of middle-aged men living in Rocherlea and Ravenswood through enhanced numercay skills. The program features co-design and practical outcomes for participants to enhance their capacity to use maths in everyday life and employment.

Funding body: Tasmanian Community Fund

Funding body Tasmanian Community Fund
Project Team

Oates G, Kinsman L

Scheme Tasmanian Community Fund Grants
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2019
Funding Finish 2021
GNo
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - State
Category 2OPS
UON N

20181 grants / $436,022

REDucing Delays In aneurysmal Subarachnoid Haemorrhage: the REDDISH study$436,022

Funding body: NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)

Funding body NHMRC (National Health & Medical Research Council)
Project Team

CIA: Doctor Seana Gall CIB: Professor Amanda Thrift CIC: Associate Professor Ronil Chandra CID: Associate Professor Christine Stirling CIE: Professor Leigh Kinsman CIF: Professor Karen Smith CIG: Associate Professor Christopher Blizzard

Scheme NHMRC
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2018
Funding Finish 2021
GNo
Type Of Funding C1100 - Aust Competitive - NHMRC
Category 1100
UON N

20171 grants / $77,000

Royal Flying Doctor Service Primary Care Evaluation$77,000

A total of 585 clients were referred to the RFDS primary care service between April 2017 and July 2018. The majority of referrals were female (63%) and the average age of clients was 54 years. Mental illness (39%) was the most common reason for referral followed by CVD (30%). Co-morbidities were reported for all clients and included CVD, mental illness, COPD, pain, arthritis, hypertension and obesity. Mental illness referrals were comparatively younger (average age 45 years) and predominantly female (70%). The number of referrals by community ranged from 103 at Flinders Island to 161 at George Town. Education, employment and ATSI status were not routinely collected. The Health Literacy Questionnaire analysis produced the following key clusters: I. older clients felt they don’t have all the information to manage their health; II. younger clients were less engaged with healthcare providers, but were confident in managing their own health; III. a higher level of education did not translate to a higher level of confidence in selfmanagement, and may actually be associated with less confidence than those with lower levels of education.

Interviews were conducted with ten clients. Two clear over-arching themes emerged from the clients’ perspectives of living with chronic disease in rural areas and the impact of the RFDS services: accessibility, and building relationships. The availability, affordability and flexibility of the service were key contributors to clients’ capacity to remain productive and well. The fact that they did not have to travel and pay for services was important to their well-being. Clients also expressed that RFDS health workers built safe, empathetic and trusting relationships, beyond that of health professional and client, and on several levels: with the client, with their family, and with the wider community of the area.

Funding body: Royal Flying Doctor Service

Funding body Royal Flying Doctor Service
Project Team

Kinsman L, Khanam M, Anderson V and Crisp E

Scheme Primary Care Evaluation
Role Lead
Funding Start 2017
Funding Finish 2018
GNo
Type Of Funding C3112 - Aust Not for profit
Category 3112
UON N

20162 grants / $267,000

Patient-centred pathways for stroke$138,000

Stroke patients and their carers were involved in a co-design process of clinical pathways for stroke sufferers in North West Tasmania.

Funding body: Royal Hobart Hospital Research Foundationn

Funding body Royal Hobart Hospital Research Foundationn
Project Team

Campbell S, Kinsman L

Scheme Royal Hobart Hospital Research Grants
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2016
Funding Finish 2017
GNo
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - State
Category 2OPS
UON N

Evidence based wound management$129,000

This project used a participatory co-design approach to establish the optimal digital resources required to standardise care across diverse settings and improve outcomes for patients with chronic wounds.

Funding body: Wound Management Innovation CRC

Funding body Wound Management Innovation CRC
Project Team

Kinsman L, Walsh K, Kornharber R, O'Brien J

Scheme Wound Innovation Management Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2016
Funding Finish 2017
GNo
Type Of Funding C1700 - Aust Competitive - Other
Category 1700
UON N

20152 grants / $265,000

Implementing evidence base practice$175,000

A range of projects were overseen by Professor Kinsman and Professor Campbell to bridge the gap between evidence and nursing practice, and to build research capacity in clinical nurses.

Funding body: Tasmanian Health Service (North)

Funding body Tasmanian Health Service (North)
Project Team

Kinsman L and Campbell S

Scheme Contract research
Role Lead
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2017
GNo
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - State
Category 2OPS
UON N

Attributes of positive wards$90,000

Video Reflexive Ethnography was used to identify the human factors contributing to high quality performance of some wards or services. The project was conducted across three sites - Hobart, Launceston and Sydney - and across three different services - rehabilitation, acute and community.

Funding body: University of Tasmania

Funding body University of Tasmania
Project Team

Walsh, K, Walker K, Iedema R and Kinsman L

Scheme Internal Health Research Grants Scheme
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2018
GNo
Type Of Funding Contract - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFC
UON N

20141 grants / $20,000

Health 2040: Mildura Hospital Scoping Study$20,000

The purpose of this study was to determine local Mildura health service demands until the year 2040.

Funding body: Mildura Hospital Community Advisory Board

Funding body Mildura Hospital Community Advisory Board
Project Team

Kinsman L, Kippen R, Wright F

Scheme Consultation
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Local
Category 2OPL
UON N

20131 grants / $132,000

Clinical pathways in healthcare$132,000

Clinical pathways are an approach designed to narrow the gap between evidence and day-to-day practice in healthcare. This project aimed to elucidate the facilitators of successful clinical pathways and includes systematic reviews and analyses of existing healthcare databases.

Funding body: Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation

Funding body Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation
Project Team

Rotter T, Kinsman L and Scott S

Scheme Research Grants
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2015
GNo
Type Of Funding C3212 - International Not for profit
Category 3212
UON N

20121 grants / $55,000

Heart of the Country$55,000

This project investigated the impact of high quality primary care on CVD outcomes for rural Australians. Engagement with 14 rural General Practices using medical records audits, patient surveys and Practice interviews demonstrated that the presence of a Practice Nurse was the biggest predictor of Practice quality.

Funding body: Monash University

Funding body Monash University
Project Team

Kinsman L, Humphreys J, Campbell S

Scheme Faculty Grants Scheme
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2013
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

20113 grants / $3,330,000

Centre of Research Excellence in Rural and Remote Primary Health Care$3,000,000

This CRERRPHC was a collaboration between Monash University School of Rural Health in Bendigo and Gippsland, the Flinders University and Charles Darwin University Centre for Remote Health in Alice Springs, and the University of Sydney Department of Rural Health in Broken Hill. Its research program focused on how to provide equitable primary health services to residents throughout rural and remote Australia.

Funding body: Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute

Funding body Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute
Project Team

Humphreys J, Wakerman J, Lyle D, Perkins D, McGrail M, Kinsman L

Scheme Centre of Excellence in Primary Health Care Research
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2011
Funding Finish 2014
GNo
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Commonwealth
Category 1CS
UON N

Patient deterioration and simulation$232,000

Funding body: Australian Teaching and Learning Council

Funding body Australian Teaching and Learning Council
Project Team

Cooper S, Kinsman L, Beauchamp A

Scheme ALTC grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2011
Funding Finish 2013
GNo
Type Of Funding C1700 - Aust Competitive - Other
Category 1700
UON N

Elmore Primary Health Service Longitudinal Evaluation$98,000

Funding body: Australian Department of Health and Ageing

Funding body Australian Department of Health and Ageing
Project Team

Humphreys J, Tham R, Kinsman L

Scheme Research contract
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2011
Funding Finish 2013
GNo
Type Of Funding C2110 - Aust Commonwealth - Own Purpose
Category 2110
UON N

20101 grants / $47,000

Identifying Maternal and Neonatal Deterioration $47,000

Funding body: Equity Trustees Charitable Trust

Funding body Equity Trustees Charitable Trust
Project Team

Bero M, Cooper S, Kinsman L

Scheme Research grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2010
Funding Finish 2020
GNo
Type Of Funding C3120 - Aust Philanthropy
Category 3120
UON N

20082 grants / $155,000

Making a Difference: Evaluation of the Elmore Primary Health Service$118,000

Funding body: Australian Rotary Health Research Fund

Funding body Australian Rotary Health Research Fund
Project Team

Humphreys J, Tham R, Kinsman L

Scheme Research
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2008
Funding Finish 2010
GNo
Type Of Funding C3120 - Aust Philanthropy
Category 3120
UON N

Evidence based cardiac care$37,000

Funding body: Monash University

Funding body Monash University
Project Team

Kinsman L

Scheme Faculty Grants Scheme
Role Lead
Funding Start 2008
Funding Finish 2008
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

20072 grants / $47,700

Impact of Clinical Pathways in Hospitals$24,000

Funding body: Group of 8 / German DAAD

Funding body Group of 8 / German DAAD
Project Team

Kinsman L, Rotter T

Scheme Research exchange
Role Lead
Funding Start 2007
Funding Finish 2009
GNo
Type Of Funding Grant - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFG
UON N

Emergency department demand management$23,700

Funding body: Bendigo Health

Funding body Bendigo Health
Project Team

Kinsman L, Zalstein S, Champion R

Scheme Research grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2007
Funding Finish 2008
GNo
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Local
Category 2OPL
UON N

20061 grants / $20,000

Improving emergency department patient flow$20,000

Funding body: La Trobe University

Funding body La Trobe University
Project Team

Kinsman L, Taylor M, Champion R

Scheme Research Project
Role Lead
Funding Start 2006
Funding Finish 2007
GNo
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Local
Category 2OPL
UON N
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Research Supervision

Number of supervisions

Completed17
Current6

Highlighted Supervision

Commenced Level of Study Research Title Program Supervisor Type
2019 PhD Perceptions and Knowledge of a Low-Salt Diet for Preventing Hypertension Among Chinese Populations in Australia PhD (Nursing), College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing, The University of Newcastle Principal Supervisor
2018 Masters Preventability of Hospital Readmission of COPD Patients and the Impact of Under-utilisation of Pulmonary Rehabilitation and Drug Therapy
Chidi is combining a comprehensive review of the international literature with Tasmanian hospital data and patient interviews to understand and reduce readmissions for people with COPD.
Nursing, University of Tasmania Co-Supervisor
2016 PhD Primary Health Care to Emergency, Right Service, Right Time, Right Place
<span style="font-face:Times New Roman;font-size:medium;"></span><p style="margin:0cm 0cm 8pt;"><span style="font-face:Calibri;font-size:medium;">Maria is using a sequential explanatory, mixed methods approach to understand why people with non-urgent problems attend the emergency department. The primary focus is on young adults from disadvantaged circumstances.</span></p><span style="font-face:Times New Roman;font-size:medium;"></span>
Nursing, University of Tasmania Co-Supervisor
2015 Honours Why are we waiting? A survey of non-urgent patients in ED Nursing, University of Tasmania Principal Supervisor
2015 PhD Emergency Department Presentations in Tasmania, Australia: A sequential explanatory investigation
Claire used a sequential, explanatory mixed methods approcah to undertsand drivers of emergency deparytment demand in Tasmania.
Nursing, University of Tasmania Principal Supervisor
2013 PhD How junior doctors recognize and manage the deteriorating patient Nursing, Monash University Principal Supervisor
2006 Masters Critical Care Nurses' Knowledge of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome Critical Care Nursing, La Trobe University Principal Supervisor
2004 Honours Nurses’ knowledge of diabetes mellitus Nursing, La Trobe University Principal Supervisor
2003 Honours Quality Improvement: does it work? A clinical nurse and nurse manager perspective Nursing, La Trobe University Co-Supervisor

Current Supervision

Commenced Level of Study Research Title Program Supervisor Type
2021 Masters What are the Barriers and Challenges to Clinicians in Commencing Advance Care Planning for Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in a Regional Setting? M Philosophy (Nursing), College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor
2021 PhD The Role of Healthy Living Choices To Manage and Reduce Nursing Student's Stress That is Caused by Bullying/Uncivil Behaviours on Clinical Workplace PhD (Nursing), College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing, The University of Newcastle Principal Supervisor
2016 PhD An Ethnographic Study of the New Graduate Nurse's Experience when Encountering the Culture of Acute Mental Health Services PhD (Nursing), College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor

Past Supervision

Year Level of Study Research Title Program Supervisor Type
2020 PhD Clinical pathways in healthcare Public Health, University of Saskatchewan Co-Supervisor
2020 PhD Stroke pathways in Tasmania Nursing, University of Tasmania Principal Supervisor
2016 Honours The impact of a community nursing service on emergency department presentations Community Nursing, University of Tasmania Principal Supervisor
2016 Honours Mental health discharge planning Nursing, University of Tasmania Co-Supervisor
2006 Masters An investigation of the role of the untrained registered nurse in critical care Critical Care Nursing, La Trobe University Principal Supervisor
2006 Masters Trauma reception teams in rural settings Critical Care Nursing, La Trobe University Principal Supervisor
2006 Masters Assessment of anxiety and depression in acute myocardial infarction Nursing, La Trobe University Co-Supervisor
2006 Honours The effect of a Pain Assessment and Management Presentation (PAMP) on hospital-based graduate nurses’ knowledge and attitudes regarding pain assessment and management Nursing, La Trobe University Principal Supervisor
2006 Masters Regional cardiac arrest outcomes versus international data Critical Care Nursing, La Trobe University Principal Supervisor
2004 Honours An investigation of the prevalence of asthma action plans in a rural Victorian shire Community Health, La Trobe University Principal Supervisor
2004 Honours An investigation of the prevalence of asthma action plans in a rural Victorian shire Community Health, La Trobe University Principal Supervisor
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News

Local expertise on display at health showcase

September 20, 2018

The University of Newcastle (UON) is proud to present the Port Macquarie Health Showcase this Friday, an event bringing together the local healthcare community and leading experts in the fields of health and medicine.

Professor Leigh Kinsman

Position

Joint Chair, Professor of Evidence Based Nursing
School of Nursing and Midwifery
College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing

Contact Details

Email leigh.kinsman@newcastle.edu.au
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