Dr Paul Stolk

Dr Paul Stolk


Newcastle Business School (Tourism)

Career Summary


Paul completed his PhD at the University of Newcastle in 2010, and from 2009-2011 was employed as a researcher for a social research cooperative in Manchester, UK. During his time in the UK, Paul was a lead researcher for The Big Lottery-funded 'Social and Community Benefits of Angling' project, and a field researcher for the Sported project (see www.substance.net for more information). Since returning to Newcastle in 2012, Paul has been employed as a lecturer by the Newcastle Business School, where he teaches and researches in both tourism and marketing disciplines. From 2012-2015 Paul also represented the University of Newcastle as the primary researcher and project manager for the Hunter Valley Wine and Tourism Association 'Tourism Monitor' project. 

Research Expertise
Paul is an emerging career researcher who has demonstrated expertise in tourism and recreation in the marine environment, with a particular focus on recreational scuba diving and artificial reefs. His Doctorate thesis, entitled 'If We Sink It, Will They Come? Analysing the Development and Management of Artificial Reefs as Resources for Sustainable Recreational Scuba Diving, was completed in 2010. Paul has published two journal articles that analyse the relationship between recreational scuba diving and artificial reefs, appearing in the Annals of Leisure Research and the Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Paul has presented two refereed papers, also focused on recreational scuba diving and artificial reefs, at international conferences in New Zealand (2007) and Singapore (2012). Paul's other published research has focused on independent travel and the internet; the relationship between tourism and government statutory authorities in Australia; and recreational scuba diving and biodiversity. Paul has demonstrated expertise in the delivery of applied research and action research projects. While representing the University of Newcastle he has successfully managed projects with external partners that include Lake Macquarie Shire Council, The NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change (DECC) and Hunter Valley Wine Country Tourism.


  • PhD, University of Newcastle
  • Bachelor of Business, University of Newcastle
  • Bachelor of Social Science (Honours), University of Newcastle


  • Marine Tourism
  • Nature-based Tourism
  • Outdoor Recreation
  • Sport Management
  • Tourism Marketing
  • Tourism Policy & Planning
  • Urban Tourism
  • Visitor Management


  • English (Fluent)

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
150606 Tourist Behaviour and Visitor Experience 40
150699 Tourism not elsewhere classified 40
160402 Recreation, Leisure and Tourism Geography 20

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Lecturer University of Newcastle
Newcastle Business School


Teaching Award

Year Award
2014 Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching
Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle
2013 Vice Chancellor's Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning
Centre for Teaching and Learning, The University of Newcastle


For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.

Chapter (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2005 Markwell KW, Stolk PJ, 'Travelling the Electronic Superhighway: Independent Travel and the Internet', Down the Road: Exploring Backpacker and Independent Travel, API Network, Perth, Western Australia 71-92 (2005) [B1]

Journal article (8 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2017 Djohari N, Brown A, Stolk P, 'The comfort of the river: understanding the affective geographies of angling waterscapes in young people¿s coping practices', Children's Geographies, 1-12 (2017)

© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group This paper draws on ethnographic research with angling intervention programmes working with ¿disaffected¿ you... [more]

© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group This paper draws on ethnographic research with angling intervention programmes working with ¿disaffected¿ young people in the UK to demonstrate how young people use the affective geographies of waterscapes to regulate their feelings and escape stressful lives. But rather than interpret the restorative or therapeutic quality of waterscapes as the consequence of (passive) immersion into green/blue spaces, we argue that ¿comfort¿ is derived from an ongoing, active engagement with(in) the world. Drawing on works influenced by phenomenological theories and relational understandings of the more-than-human world, we illustrate how the affectual qualities of waterscapes are continually ¿woven¿ into being through the material and embodied practices of young anglers. However, understanding why waterscapes ¿matter¿ to young people also requires accounting for those assemblages originating in the past that shape these co-experienced worlds.

DOI 10.1080/14733285.2017.1341971
2017 Lyons KD, Stolk P, Young TN, 'Building capacity in a regional business community through engaged scholarship: A case study of the Tourism Monitor project in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia', Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure, 40 151-165 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/07053436.2017.1282192
Co-authors Tamara Young, Kevin Lyons
2016 Lyons KD, Young T, Hanley J, Stolk P, 'Professional Development Barriers and Benefits in a Tourism Knowledge Economy', International Journal of Tourism Research, 18 319-326 (2016) [C1]

© 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This study investigates small to medium tourism enterprise (SMTE) owner¿managers¿ intentions to seek professional development. SMTEs in a r... [more]

© 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This study investigates small to medium tourism enterprise (SMTE) owner¿managers¿ intentions to seek professional development. SMTEs in a regional tourism destination were surveyed, and an exploratory factor analysis identified barriers to, and benefits of, professional development factors. Logistic regression analysis was used to predict SMTE owner¿manager¿s intention to pursue professional development based on perceived benefits of and barriers to training factors, education level and business size. ¿Staff performance benefits¿ and ¿time/cost barriers¿ of owner¿manager¿s intention to seek professional development opportunities for staff. ¿Business performance benefits¿ predicted owner¿manager¿s intentions to seek professional develop for themselves. Implications of the findings are discussed.

DOI 10.1002/jtr.2051
Citations Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Kevin Lyons, Joanne Hanley, Tamara Young
2016 Djohari N, Brown A, Stolk P, '¿The one that got away¿: how angling as a culture of practice manifests in the teaching and learning relationship within angling-based intervention programmes', Ethnography and Education, 11 40-56 (2016) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/17457823.2015.1038289
2007 Stolk PJ, Markwell KW, Jenkins J, 'Artificial reefs as recreational scuba diving resources: A critical review of research', Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 15 331-350 (2007) [C1]
DOI 10.2167/jost651.0
Citations Scopus - 21
2005 Stolk PJ, Markwell KW, Jenkins J, 'Perceptions of Artificial Reefs as Scuba Diving Resources: A Study of Australian Recreational Scuba Divers', Annals of Leisure Research, 8 153-173 (2005) [C1]
Citations Web of Science - 8
2004 Stolk P, 'Book Reviews', Current Issues in Tourism, 7 277-278 (2004)
DOI 10.1080/13683500408667983
2003 Jenkins J, Stolk PJ, 'Statutory Authorities Dancing with Enterprise: WA Inc, the Western Australian Tourism Commission and the 'Global Dance Affair'', Annals of Leisure Research, 6 222-244 (2003) [C1]
Show 5 more journal articles

Conference (4 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2012 Stolk PJ, 'Better than nature, or just different? Key experiential attributes of artificial reefs as resources for recreational scuba diving', Proceedings of the 1st Annual Conference on Tourism and Hospitality Research (THoR 2012), Singapore (2012) [E1]
2005 Stolk PJ, Markwell KW, Jenkins J, 'Diving on Sunken Treasures: Exploring Recreational Scuba Divers' Attitudes, Perceptions and Experiences of Artificial Reef Dive Sites', ANZALS 7th Biennial Conference, New Zealand (2005) [E3]
2003 Jenkins J, Stolk PJ, 'Blending Economic and Political Power: Tourism Statutory Authorities in NSW and WA', Hawaii International Conference on Social Sciences, Hawaii (2003) [E3]
2003 Jenkins J, Stolk PJ, 'Risky Tourism Business? - Tourism Statutory Authorities in Western Australia and NSW', Southern Cross University, Coffs Harbour (2003) [E2]
Show 1 more conference

Report (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2012 Stolk PJ, Brown A, Djohari N, 'Fishing for Answers: The Final Report of the Social and Community Benefits of Angling Project', The National Lottery, 91 (2012)
2008 Lyons KD, Stolk, Markwell K, 'Worimi Conservation Lands Recreational Use Study: December 2007 - January 2008', Department of Environment and Climate Change NSW (2008)
Co-authors Kevin Lyons

Grants and Funding


Number of grants 4
Total funding $215,541

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.

20171 grants / $167,486

Mentoring women from regional Australia to realise their educational and career aspirations in business and law$167,486

Funding body: Department of Education and Training

Funding body Department of Education and Training
Project Team Professor Johanna Macneil, Ms Kate Ramzan-Levy, Doctor Tamara Young, Professor Lisa Toohey, Doctor Paul Stolk, Mrs Sher Campbell
Scheme Higher Education Participation and Partnerships Programme (HEPPP)
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2017
Funding Finish 2017
GNo G1601087
Type Of Funding C2110 - Aust Commonwealth - Own Purpose
Category 2110

20161 grants / $7,600

An investigation of the role of higher education in enabling greater representation of indigenous Australians in the management of professional sport. $7,600

This funded research is the first step in a wider project that seeks to evaluate how access to, and participation in, higher education can increase the presence of Indigenous Australians in the management of both professional and elite amateur sport. The project is significant because: (i) there has been very little research about the transition experience of elite Indigenous athletes as they move from sport participants to post-sport careers; and (ii) there is a dearth of Indigenous Australians filling either management roles or positions of authority in elite Australian sport.

Funding body: Centre for Excellence in Equity in Higher Education (CEEHE)

Funding body Centre for Excellence in Equity in Higher Education (CEEHE)
Project Team

Dr Paul Stolk, Dr Jo Hanley (Research Assistant)

Scheme Early Career Researcher Development Funding
Role Lead
Funding Start 2016
Funding Finish 2016
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE

20131 grants / $38,000

Hunter Wine Tourism Monitor Program and Research Project 2013$38,000

Funding body: Hunter Valley Wine & Tourism Association

Funding body Hunter Valley Wine & Tourism Association
Project Team Professor Kevin Lyons, Doctor Paul Stolk, Doctor Tamara Young
Scheme Research Project
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2013
GNo G1301072
Type Of Funding Contract - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFC

20021 grants / $2,455

Responsible Scuba Diving and Snorkelling in the Lake Macquarie marine environment.$2,455

Funding body: Lake Macquarie City Council

Funding body Lake Macquarie City Council
Project Team Associate Professor Kevin Markwell, Doctor Geoffrey MacFarlane, Doctor Paul Stolk
Scheme Lake Macquarie Environmental Education Small Grants
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2002
Funding Finish 2002
GNo G0181902
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Local
Category 2OPL

Dr Paul Stolk


Newcastle Business School
Newcastle Business School
Faculty of Business and Law

Focus area


Contact Details

Email paul.stolk@newcastle.edu.au
Phone 17729
Fax 17866


Room X-738
Building NeW Space
Location City Campus