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Miss Josephine Vaughan

Research Academic

School of Architecture and Built Environment

Career Summary

Biography

Research Expertise

The box-counting method for fractal analysis of architecture.


Qualifications

  • Bachelor of Architecture, University of Newcastle
  • Bachelor of Science (Architecture), University of Sydney

Keywords

  • Computational Analysis
  • Fractal Analysis
  • Frank Lloyd Wright
  • Visual Complexity

Fields of Research

CodeDescriptionPercentage
120199Architecture not elsewhere classified100

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

DatesTitleOrganisation / Department
13/02/2015 - 18/12/2015Research AcademicUniversity of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia
1/01/2015 - 18/12/2015Casual AcademicUniversity of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia
31/08/2014 - 20/12/2014Research AcademicUniversity of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia
1/03/2010 - 2/07/2010Academic Support StaffUniversity of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia

Academic appointment

DatesTitleOrganisation / Department
1/01/2008 - 1/06/2008Drawing TutorUniversity of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia
1/01/2007 - Design TutorUniversity of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia
1/01/2000 - 1/12/2000Design TutorUniversity of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia

Membership

DatesTitleOrganisation / Department
Associate Editor - Design Principles and Practices: An International JournalCommon Ground Publishing
United States

Invitations

Speaker

YearTitle / Rationale
2009Research Seminar 09
Organisation: University Of Newcastle Description: Invited by Dr. Tessa Morrison to speak at Seminar
2008A Computational Analysis of Fractal Dimensions in the Architecture of Eileen Gray
Organisation: The School of Architecture-Newcastle UNiversity Description: Invitation issued by Dr. Tessa Morrison
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Chapter (3 outputs)

YearCitationAltmetricsLink
2010Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'The mathematics of style in the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright: A computational, fractal analysis of formal complexity in fifteen domestic designs', Built Environment: Design Management and Applications, Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge 63-88 (2010) [B1]
CitationsScopus - 3
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2009Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'Visual qualities in early modern and late modern architecture: A mathematical comparison of formal complexity in the houses of Gray and Sejima', Computing, Cognition and Education: Recent Research in the Architectural Sciences, ANZAScA, Sydney, New South Wales 9-32 (2009) [B1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2008Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Tucker CC, 'Characteristic visual complexity: Fractal dimensions in the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright and Le Corbusier', Nexus VII: Architecture and Mathematics, Kim Williams Books, Turin, Italy 217-231 (2008) [B1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald, Chris Tucker

Journal article (10 outputs)

YearCitationAltmetricsLink
2014Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'Measuring the significance of façade transparency in Australian regionalist architecture: A computational analysis of 10 designs by Glenn Murcutt', Architectural Science Review, 57 249-259 (2014) [C1]

Historians and critics argue that a key characteristic of late twentieth century Australian regionalist architecture is the close visual connection it creates between the interior... [more]

Historians and critics argue that a key characteristic of late twentieth century Australian regionalist architecture is the close visual connection it creates between the interior and the landscape. While various design properties are allegedly responsible for this connection, one of the most tangible of these is associated with the use of transparent and layered elements in a building's façade. Indeed, as exemplified in the work of Glenn Murcutt, the importance of façade transparency is a recurring theme in Australian architecture. But is it really that significant? In this paper, computational fractal analysis is used to measure the difference between the visual complexity of opaque and transparent depictions of façades. By comparing these two façade conditions, first in sets of elevations derived from 10 of Murcutt's houses and then in a detailed review of one of Murcutt's most iconic works, the Marie-Short House, this paper calculates the visual impact of transparency on the characteristic complexity of Murcutt's architecture.

DOI10.1080/00038628.2014.940273
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2013Ostwald MJ, Vaughan J, 'Representing architecture for fractal analysis: A framework for identifying significant lines', Architectural Science Review, 56 242-251 (2013) [C1]
DOI10.1080/00038628.2013.810549
CitationsScopus - 3
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2013Ostwald M, Vaughan J, 'Differentiating the whites: Using fractal analysis to investigate the visual properties of the architecture of John Hejduk and Peter Eisenman', Empirical Studies of the Arts, 31 21-43 (2013) [C1]

Architects John Hejduk and Peter Eisenman were members of the "New York Five" and of the famous late modernist group, the "Whites." Early in their careers, both Hejduk and Eisenma... [more]

Architects John Hejduk and Peter Eisenman were members of the "New York Five" and of the famous late modernist group, the "Whites." Early in their careers, both Hejduk and Eisenman proposed that form or shape (the aesthetics of architecture) was more important than program (the function of architecture) and they designed experimental houses to demonstrate this. The present article uses the computational fractal method to analyze 78 design drawings to develop a mathematical description of the visual complexity of five early domestic designs by each architect. These data will provide an important basis for empirical comparisons of buildings using characteristic visual dimensions. Through this process it is possible to test a variety of hypotheses about the visual and formal qualities of both architects' works. Among the article's conclusions are that the mathematical data typically supports both architect's claims about the formal properties of their designs while challenging several assumptions about scale and Deconstructivist architecture. © 2013 Baywood Publishing Co., Inc.

DOI10.2190/EM.31.1.b
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2013Ostwald M, Vaughan J, 'Limits and Errors: Optimising Image Pre-Processing Standards for Architectural Fractal Analysis', ArS Architecture Science, 7 1-19 (2013) [C1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2011Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'The mathematics of domestic modernism (1922-1934): An analysis of correlations between facade complexity, orientation, address and permeability', Design Principles & Practices: An International Journal, 4 143-162 (2011) [C1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2011Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'The relationship between the fractal dimension of plans and elevations in the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright: Comparing the Prairie Style, Textile Block and Usonian Periods', Architecture Science, 4 21-44 (2011) [C1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2010Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'A quantitative comparison between Wright's prairie style and triangle-plan usonian houses using fractal analysis', Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, 4 333-344 (2010) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 1
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2010Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Using fractal analysis to compare the characteristic complexity of nature and architecture: Re-examining the evidence', Architectural Science Review, 53 323-332 (2010) [C1]
DOI10.3763/asre.2010.0024
CitationsScopus - 5Web of Science - 5
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2009Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Chalup SK, 'A computational investigation into the fractal dimensions of the architecture of Kazuyo Sejima', Design Principles & Practices: An International Journal, 3 231-244 (2009) [C1]
Co-authorsStephan Chalup, Michael Ostwald
2009Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'A quantitative comparison between the formal complexity of Le Corbusier's pre-modern (1905-1912) and early modern (1922-1928) architecture', Design Principles & Practices: An International Journal, 3 359-371 (2009) [C1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
Show 7 more journal articles

Conference (17 outputs)

YearCitationAltmetricsLink
2014Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'Measuring the significance of façade transparency in Australian regionalist architecture: A computational analysis of 10 designs by Glenn Murcutt', Architectural Science Review (2014)
DOI10.1080/00038628.2014.940273
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2014Vaughan J, Ostwald M, 'Quantifying the changing visual experience of architecture: Combining Movement with Visual Complexity', Across: Architectural Research through to Practice: 48th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Genoa (2014) [E1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2013Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'VISUAL PERMEABILITY AND THE ARCHITECTURE OF GLENN MURCUTT: Comparing the characteristic complexity of opaque and transparent building facades', Cutting Edge in Architectural Science: Proceedings of the 47th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Hong Kong (2013) [E1]
Author URL
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2012Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Significant lines: Measuring and representing architecture for computational analysis', Conference Proceedings. 46th Annual Conference of the Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA), Gold Coast, QLD (2012) [E1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2011Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Chalup SK, 'Data flow and processing in the computational fractal analysis method', Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia. CAADRIA 2011, Newcastle, NSW (2011) [E1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald, Stephan Chalup
2010Vaughan JL, Ostwald MJ, 'Comparing Eisenman's House VI and Hejduk's House 7: A Mathematical Analysis of Formal Complexity in Plan and Elevation', Aesthetics + Design: 21st Biennial Congress of IAEA, Dresden (2010) [E3]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2010Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Refining a computational fractal method of analysis. Testing Bovill's architectural data', New Frontiers: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design in Asia, Hong Kong (2010) [E1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2010Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'REFINING A COMPUTATIONAL FRACTAL METHOD OF ANALYSIS', PROCEEDINGS OF THE 15TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2010), Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Inst Space & Earth Informat Sci, Sch Architecture, Hong Kong, PEOPLES R CHINA (2010)
Author URL
CitationsWeb of Science - 1
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2009Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'Calculating visual complexity in Peter Eisenman's architecture: A computational fractal analysis of five houses (1968-1976)', CAADRIA 2009: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), Yunlin, Taiwan (2009) [E1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2009Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'A data-cluster analysis of facade complexity in the early house designs of Peter Eisenman', Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design: Proceedings of the 27th Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, Istanbul, Turkey (2009) [E1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2009Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Refining the computational method for the evaluation of visual complexity in architectural images: Significant lines in the early architecture of Le Corbusier', Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design: Proceedings of the 27th Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, Istanbul, Turkey (2009) [E1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2009Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Chalup SK, 'Data-cluster analysis of correlations between facade complexity and orientation in Modernist architecture', Conference Proceedings: 43rd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Launceston, TAS (2009) [E1]
Co-authorsStephan Chalup, Michael Ostwald
2009Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Nature and architecture: Revisiting the fractal collection in Amaysa and Sea Ranch', Conference Proceedings: 43rd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Launceston, TAS (2009) [E1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2009Ostwald MJ, Vaughan J, 'Calculating visual complexity in Peter Eisenman's architecture', 2009 TAIWAN CAADRIA: Between Man and Machine - Integration, Intuition, Intelligence - Proceedings of the 14th Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, Douliou, Yunlin, Taiwan (2009) [E1]
CitationsScopus - 5
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2008Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Chalup SK, 'A computational analysis of fractal dimensions in the architecture of Eileen Gray', Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA), Minneapolis, MINN (2008) [E1]
CitationsScopus - 5
Co-authorsStephan Chalup, Michael Ostwald
2008Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'Determining the fractal dimension of the architecture of Eileen Gray', ANZAScA 2008: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
2008Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Approaching Euclidean limits: A fractal analysis of the architecture of Kazuyo Sejima', ANZAScA 2008: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E1]
Co-authorsMichael Ostwald
Show 14 more conferences

Creative Work (1 outputs)

YearCitationAltmetricsLink
2008Lobregat V, Vaughan JL, The Living Room: Back to the City, backtothecity.com.au, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [J2]
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Miss Josephine Vaughan

Positions

Research Academic
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment

Casual Academic
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment

Contact Details

Emailjosephine.vaughan@newcastle.edu.au
Phone(02) 49854186
Fax(02) 4921 6913

Office

RoomA120
BuildingRomberg
LocationCallaghan
University Drive
Callaghan, NSW 2308
Australia
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