Dr Josephine Vaughan

Dr Josephine Vaughan

Lecturer

School of Architecture and Built Environment (Construction Management (Building))

Career Summary

Biography

Working towards a vision of the future that includes greater uptake of environmentally sustainable construction practices worldwide, Dr Josephine Vaughan uses industry-focused research to study the impact of building materials on the natural environment and human health.

With a background in sustainable architecture and building, Josephine is the course coordinator and lecturer for Construction Ecology and Research in the Built Environment A across the Construction Management and Architecture disciplines. Josephine is a team member in several collaborative projects with the Construction Management discipline as well as across the university, industry and wider community in the areas of environmental sustainability, community, traditional knowledge and the relationships between nature and buildings.

Josephine continues to develop relationships between the university and construction industry communities, facilitating resource and information sharing between these groups to work towards a united goal of an environmentally sustainable future.  These networks and relationships with industry and community contribute to Dr Vaughan’s research and draw relevant connections into education for university students both in coursework and in Work Integrated Learning opportunities.


Qualifications

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Architcture, University of Newcastle
  • Bachelor of Science (Architecture), University of Sydney
  • Bachelor of Architecture, University of Newcastle
  • Graduate Certificate in Ecologically Sustainable Development, TAFE (NSW)

Keywords

  • Building materials
  • Construction Managament
  • Design with Community
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Environmentally Sustainable Building
  • Healthy building materials
  • Practice-based research
  • Sustainable building
  • Sustainable building materials
  • Sustainable construction

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
120201 Building Construction Management and Project Planning 60
120199 Architecture not elsewhere classified 20
120299 Building not elsewhere classified 20

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Lecturer University of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia

Membership

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/1/2018 - 1/1/2022 Equity Diversity and Inclusion committee

Representative for the discipline of Construction Management

UoN Equity and Diversity Unit
Australia
1/1/2020 - 1/1/2022 University of Newcastle Childcare Strategy Project Board

Provide Living Building Challenge Sustainable design expertise to represent the interests of those designing, developing, facilitating, procuring and implementing the project’s products. This role is accountable for the quality of products delivered by the suppliers and is responsible for the technical integrity of the project.

University of Newcastle
Australia

Awards

Award

Year Award
2020 Educator Innovation and Impact Award for “Building Materials database - information to construct a sustainable future”
Office of the DVC(A), The University of Newcastle, Australia
2019 BOLD Award for Innovation in Course Design
University of Newcastle
2015 Head of the School award for Higher Degree by Research (HDR) Impact
School of Architecture and Built Environment, University of Newcastle
2009 Best paper at conference: Architectural Science Association
Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA)

Prize

Year Award
2016 Postgraduate Research First Prize
Faculty of Engineering and Buil Environment, UON
2014 Postgraduate Research First Prize
School of Architecture and Built Environment, University of Newcastle

Invitations

Keynote Speaker

Year Title / Rationale
2020 Building a Living Future
Australian Institute of Architects - EmAGN NSW - Sustainability Series #5

Panel Participant

Year Title / Rationale
2020 Creating local, sustainable water systems using the Living Building Challenge
Australian Water Association - Water and The Circular Economy National Webinar

Speaker

Year Title / Rationale
2020 Sustainable buildings - waste and the circular economy
Greens on Screens #11
2020 Building materials and their impact on the natural environment and human health
The University of Sydney - Faculty of Architecture, Design and Planning |
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Book (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2016 Ostwald MJ, Vaughan J, The Fractal Dimension of Architecture, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 423 (2016) [A1]
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-32426-5

Chapter (6 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2020 Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'Fractal Geometry in Architecture', Handbook of the Mathematics of the Arts and Sciences, Springer Nature, Cham, Switzerland 1-16 (2020) [B1]
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-70658-0_11-2
2020 Ostwald MJ, Vaughan J, 'Fractal Dimensions in Architecture: Measuring the Characteristic Complexity of Buildings', Handbook of the Mathematics of the Arts and Sciences, Springer Nature, Cham, Switzerland 1-17 (2020) [B1]
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-70658-0_12-2
2015 Ostwald M, Vaughan J, Tucker C, 'Characteristic Visual Complexity: Fractal dimensions in the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright and Le Corbusier', Architecture and Mathematics, From Antiquity to the Future, Springer, Cham: Switzerland 339-354 (2015) [B1]
Citations Scopus - 2
Co-authors Chris Tucker
2010 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'The mathematics of style in the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright: A computational, fractal analysis of formal complexity in fifteen domestic designs', Built Environment: Design Management and Applications, Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge 63-88 (2010) [B1]
Citations Scopus - 3
2009 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'Visual qualities in early modern and late modern architecture: A mathematical comparison of formal complexity in the houses of Gray and Sejima', Computing, Cognition and Education: Recent Research in the Architectural Sciences, ANZAScA, Sydney, New South Wales 9-32 (2009) [B1]
2008 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Tucker CC, 'Characteristic visual complexity: Fractal dimensions in the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright and Le Corbusier', Nexus VII: Architecture and Mathematics, Kim Williams Books, Turin, Italy 217-231 (2008) [B1]
Co-authors Chris Tucker
Show 3 more chapters

Journal article (13 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2021 Vaughan J, Maund K, Gajendran T, Lloyd J, Smith C, Cohen M, 'Determining and representing value in creative placemaking', Journal of Place Management and Development, (2021)

© 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited. Purpose: This study aims to address the research gap about value in the holistic discourse of creative placemaking. It identifies and synthesis... [more]

© 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited. Purpose: This study aims to address the research gap about value in the holistic discourse of creative placemaking. It identifies and synthesises the often discounted social and environmental values of creative placemaking along with typically emphasised economic values. Design/methodology/approach: This paper builds upon two research phases; first, a review and extraction of creative placemaking value indicators from relevant current urban, cultural and planning literature; and second, the identification of relevant, practice-based, value indicators through interviews with 23 placemaking experts including practitioners, urban planners, developers and place managers from the two largest cities of NSW, Australia; Sydney and Newcastle. Findings: This study identifies three broad thematics for valuing creative placemaking along with several sub-categories of qualitative and quantitative indicators. These indicators reveal the holistic value of creative placemaking for its key stakeholders, including expert placemakers, designers, building developers, government and community groups. A key conclusion of the research is the need for tools that grasp the interconnected, and at times conflicting, nature of placemaking¿s social, economic and environmental outcomes. Originality/value: While a variety of value indicators exist to understand the need for ongoing resourcing of creative placemaking, stakeholders identified the limitations of current approaches to determine, represent and appraise the value of creative placemaking. The indicators of value proposed in this research consolidate and extend current discourse about the value of creative placemaking specifically. The indicators themselves have profound practical implications for how creative placemaking is conceived, executed and evaluated. Theoretically, the study builds on the deep relationships between values and practice in creative placemaking, as well as critiquing narrow forms of evaluation that entrench economic benefits over other outcomes.

DOI 10.1108/JPMD-07-2019-0069
Co-authors Kim Maund, Thayaparan Gajendran
2017 Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'The comparative numerical analysis of nature and architecture: A new framework', International Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics, 12 156-166 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.2495/DNE-V12-N2-156-166
Citations Scopus - 1
2016 Davis P, Gajendran T, Vaughan J, Owi T, 'Assessing construction innovation: Theoretical and practical perspectives', Construction Economics and Building, 16 104-115 (2016) [C1]

© 2016 Peter Davis, Thayaparan Gajendran, Josephine Vaughan and Toinpre Owi. Innovation is key for productivity improvement and advancements in different sectors of the economy, i... [more]

© 2016 Peter Davis, Thayaparan Gajendran, Josephine Vaughan and Toinpre Owi. Innovation is key for productivity improvement and advancements in different sectors of the economy, including the construction sector. The criticism of the slow pace of innovation in construction industry may be unwarranted, considering the structure of the industry and nature of the construction business. The loosely coupled nature of firms, mostly Small and Medium Enterprises (SME¿s), delivering ¿projects¿ through partial engagement, together with the distinction between the project innovation and firm innovation makes it difficult to extract innovations in a meaningful way. The problem also lies in conceptualising, defining, articulating and assessing innovation in construction. The literature is replete with research into construction innovation, however, there is limited research into understanding how innovation is perceived and narrated in practice. The paper aims to explore how innovation is assessed and narrated in construction, specifically analysing theory and practice perspectives. A theoretical model was constructed from a structured literature review illustrating existing discourse and narratives of construction innovation assessment. A qualitative analysis of ¿Professional Excellence in Building¿ submission documents to the Australian Institute of Building was performed to identify the practice perspective of innovation. The findings suggest that internal organizational and process innovation account for the majority of improvements identified. Importantly a taxonomy of narrative is developed that articulates how the construction industry in Australia views industry innovation.

DOI 10.5130/AJCEB.v16i3.5178
Citations Scopus - 17Web of Science - 13
Co-authors Peter Davis, Thayaparan Gajendran
2014 Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'Measuring the significance of façade transparency in Australian regionalist architecture: A computational analysis of 10 designs by Glenn Murcutt', Architectural Science Review, 57 249-259 (2014) [C1]

© 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis. Historians and critics argue that a key characteristic of late twentieth century Australian regionalist architecture is the close visual conn... [more]

© 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis. Historians and critics argue that a key characteristic of late twentieth century Australian regionalist architecture is the close visual connection it creates between the interior and the landscape. While various design properties are allegedly responsible for this connection, one of the most tangible of these is associated with the use of transparent and layered elements in a building's façade. Indeed, as exemplified in the work of Glenn Murcutt, the importance of façade transparency is a recurring theme in Australian architecture. But is it really that significant? In this paper, computational fractal analysis is used to measure the difference between the visual complexity of opaque and transparent depictions of façades. By comparing these two façade conditions, first in sets of elevations derived from 10 of Murcutt's houses and then in a detailed review of one of Murcutt's most iconic works, the Marie-Short House, this paper calculates the visual impact of transparency on the characteristic complexity of Murcutt's architecture.

DOI 10.1080/00038628.2014.940273
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 6
2013 Ostwald MJ, Vaughan J, 'Representing architecture for fractal analysis: A framework for identifying significant lines', Architectural Science Review, 56 242-251 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/00038628.2013.810549
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 5
2013 Ostwald M, Vaughan J, 'Differentiating the whites: Using fractal analysis to investigate the visual properties of the architecture of John Hejduk and Peter Eisenman', Empirical Studies of the Arts, 31 21-43 (2013) [C1]

Architects John Hejduk and Peter Eisenman were members of the "New York Five" and of the famous late modernist group, the "Whites." Early in their careers, bot... [more]

Architects John Hejduk and Peter Eisenman were members of the "New York Five" and of the famous late modernist group, the "Whites." Early in their careers, both Hejduk and Eisenman proposed that form or shape (the aesthetics of architecture) was more important than program (the function of architecture) and they designed experimental houses to demonstrate this. The present article uses the computational fractal method to analyze 78 design drawings to develop a mathematical description of the visual complexity of five early domestic designs by each architect. These data will provide an important basis for empirical comparisons of buildings using characteristic visual dimensions. Through this process it is possible to test a variety of hypotheses about the visual and formal qualities of both architects' works. Among the article's conclusions are that the mathematical data typically supports both architect's claims about the formal properties of their designs while challenging several assumptions about scale and Deconstructivist architecture. © 2013 Baywood Publishing Co., Inc.

DOI 10.2190/EM.31.1.b
Citations Web of Science - 1
2013 Ostwald M, Vaughan J, 'Limits and Errors: Optimising Image Pre-Processing Standards for Architectural Fractal Analysis', ArS Architecture Science, 7 1-19 (2013) [C1]
2011 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'The mathematics of domestic modernism (1922-1934): An analysis of correlations between facade complexity, orientation, address and permeability', Design Principles & Practices: An International Journal, 4 143-162 (2011) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 1
2011 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'The relationship between the fractal dimension of plans and elevations in the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright: Comparing the Prairie Style, Textile Block and Usonian Periods', Architecture Science, 4 21-44 (2011) [C1]
2010 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'A quantitative comparison between Wright's prairie style and triangle-plan usonian houses using fractal analysis', Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, 4 333-344 (2010) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 1
2010 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Using fractal analysis to compare the characteristic complexity of nature and architecture: Re-examining the evidence', Architectural Science Review, 53 323-332 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.3763/asre.2010.0024
Citations Scopus - 11Web of Science - 10
2009 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Chalup SK, 'A computational investigation into the fractal dimensions of the architecture of Kazuyo Sejima', Design Principles & Practices: An International Journal, 3 231-244 (2009) [C1]
Co-authors Stephan Chalup
2009 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'A quantitative comparison between the formal complexity of Le Corbusier's pre-modern (1905-1912) and early modern (1922-1928) architecture', Design Principles & Practices: An International Journal, 3 359-371 (2009) [C1]
Show 10 more journal articles

Review (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2018 Vaughan J, 'The Discipline of architecture: architect Alfred Browning Parker in Florida (2018)

Conference (18 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2020 Vaughan J, Illankoon IMCS, MacKee J, 'Selecting Sustainable Building Materials: The influence of green building rating systems', 1st Asia Pacific Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, Gold Coast, Australia (2020)
Co-authors Jamie Mackee, Chethana Illankoon
2018 Davis P, Gajendran T, Vaughan J, Newaz MT, 'Construction site managers problem solving', London, UK (2018)
Co-authors Thayaparan Gajendran, Tanvi Newaz, Peter Davis
2014 Vaughan J, Ostwald M, 'Quantifying the changing visual experience of architecture: Combining Movement with Visual Complexity', Across: Architectural Research through to Practice: 48th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Genoa (2014) [E1]
2013 Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'VISUAL PERMEABILITY AND THE ARCHITECTURE OF GLENN MURCUTT: Comparing the characteristic complexity of opaque and transparent building facades', Cutting Edge in Architectural Science: Proceedings of the 47th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Hong Kong (2013) [E1]
2012 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Significant lines: Measuring and representing architecture for computational analysis', Conference Proceedings. 46th Annual Conference of the Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA), Gold Coast, QLD (2012) [E1]
2011 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Chalup SK, 'Data flow and processing in the computational fractal analysis method', Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia. CAADRIA 2011, Newcastle, NSW (2011) [E1]
Co-authors Stephan Chalup
2010 Vaughan JL, Ostwald MJ, 'Comparing Eisenman's House VI and Hejduk's House 7: A Mathematical Analysis of Formal Complexity in Plan and Elevation', Aesthetics + Design: 21st Biennial Congress of IAEA, Dresden (2010) [E3]
2010 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Refining a computational fractal method of analysis. Testing Bovill's architectural data', New Frontiers: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design in Asia, Hong Kong (2010) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 1
2010 Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'REFINING A COMPUTATIONAL FRACTAL METHOD OF ANALYSIS', PROCEEDINGS OF THE 15TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2010), Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Inst Space & Earth Informat Sci, Sch Architecture, Hong Kong, PEOPLES R CHINA (2010)
Citations Web of Science - 4
2009 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'Calculating visual complexity in Peter Eisenman's architecture: A computational fractal analysis of five houses (1968-1976)', CAADRIA 2009: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), Yunlin, Taiwan (2009) [E1]
2009 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'A data-cluster analysis of facade complexity in the early house designs of Peter Eisenman', Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design: Proceedings of the 27th Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, Istanbul, Turkey (2009) [E1]
2009 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Refining the computational method for the evaluation of visual complexity in architectural images: Significant lines in the early architecture of Le Corbusier', Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design: Proceedings of the 27th Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, Istanbul, Turkey (2009) [E1]
Citations Web of Science - 3
2009 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Chalup SK, 'Data-cluster analysis of correlations between facade complexity and orientation in Modernist architecture', Conference Proceedings: 43rd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Launceston, TAS (2009) [E1]
Co-authors Stephan Chalup
2009 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Nature and architecture: Revisiting the fractal collection in Amaysa and Sea Ranch', Conference Proceedings: 43rd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Launceston, TAS (2009) [E1]
2009 Ostwald MJ, Vaughan J, 'Calculating visual complexity in Peter Eisenman's architecture', 2009 TAIWAN CAADRIA: Between Man and Machine - Integration, Intuition, Intelligence - Proceedings of the 14th Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, Douliou, Yunlin, Taiwan (2009) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 6
2008 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Chalup SK, 'A computational analysis of fractal dimensions in the architecture of Eileen Gray', Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA), Minneapolis, MINN (2008) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 8
Co-authors Stephan Chalup
2008 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'Determining the fractal dimension of the architecture of Eileen Gray', ANZAScA 2008: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E1]
2008 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Approaching Euclidean limits: A fractal analysis of the architecture of Kazuyo Sejima', ANZAScA 2008: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E1]
Show 15 more conferences

Creative Work (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2008 Lobregat V, Vaughan JL, The Living Room: Back to the City, backtothecity.com.au, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [J2]

Report (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2018 Maund KA, Gajendran T, Cohen M, Lloyd J, Smith C, 'Valuing creative placemaking: development of a toolkit for public and private stakeholders', NSW State Government: Landcom, 54 (2018)
Co-authors Thayaparan Gajendran, Kim Maund

Thesis / Dissertation (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2017 Vaughan J, Measuring Fallingwater: a computational fractal analysis of Wright s Kaufman House in the context of his theories and domestic architecture, University of Newcastle (2017)
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 1
Total funding $4,000

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20191 grants / $4,000

Research Consultancy: Central Coast Cultural Plan$4,000

Funding body: City People

Funding body City People
Project Team Doctor Josephine Vaughan
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2019
Funding Finish 2019
GNo G1900031
Type Of Funding C3111 - Aust For profit
Category 3111
UON Y
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Dr Josephine Vaughan

Position

Lecturer
School of Architecture and Built Environment
College of Engineering, Science and Environment

Focus area

Construction Management (Building)

Contact Details

Email josephine.vaughan@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 49854292
Fax (02) 4921 6913

Office

Room AG.06
Building Romberg
Location Callaghan
University Drive
Callaghan, NSW 2308
Australia
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