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Dr Julie McIntyre

Research Academic

School of Humanities and Social Science (History)

The Hunter Valley: driving our taste for wine

For Dr Julie McIntyre, wine represents history in a glass. "It's a way of being able to travel in time. Each glass of wine is a fascinating and very complex encapsulation of the climate, land and work of people at particular points in time," said McIntyre.

Julie McIntyre, Jay Tulloch, Brian McGuigan
From left: wine producers Jay Tulloch and Brian McGuigan with Dr Julie McIntyre in Pokolbin

Australian wine has driven the contemporary wave of wine globalisation that began in the 1990s. As an Australian historian focusing on wine, McIntyre is interested in documenting how this particular drink has become a crucial part of Australian culture in the last 50 years and in international wine markets over the last two decades.

More than other forms of alcohol, there is a sense of a meaning and identity around drinking wine, and that has been influenced over the generations by the wine producers themselves. Today, the making, selling and drinking of other alcoholic drinks, tea, coffee and many foods is closely linked to place of origin and production communities. Therefore, much can be gained from close attention to Australia's oldest wine region, the Hunter Valley.

A key reason for the Hunter region's resilience as a wine region is its long history of family farming, including wine growing.

"This focus is important in an age of greater global focus on the consequences and security of food and drink production coupled with consumer awareness driven by questions of food and drink provenance and taste," said McIntyre.

McIntyre's fascinating research forms part of Vines, Wine and Identity, an Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage Project that includes sociologist Professor John Germov; historian Dr David Dunstan (Monash University); and two partner investigators: Brian McGuigan from Hunter Valley Wine and Tourism Association and Julie Baird from Newcastle Museum. The project aims to study the Hunter Valley's history and heritage and understand how Hunter Valley producers have driven changes in taste and drinking habits in Australia and internationally.

Newcastle is the only Australian university undertaking interdisciplinary wine studies research in humanities and social science, with collaboration between researchers from history, social science, business and tourism. While, internationally, wine researchers focus on trade and consumption, Newcastle's attention is on the under-researched historical and sociological areas of production and its relationship with trade and consumption. 

As an historian, McIntyre's sources for her contribution to Vines, Wine and Identity include archival material held in local, state and national archives and libraries, private correspondence between industry producers in the colonial period, official statistics, royal commissions on alcohol consumption, and oral histories from the wine producers of the Hunter Valley.

The starting point for the ARC project is to paint a picture of the rich history of the Hunter, so McIntyre has begun touring the valley with leading wine producers Brian McGuigan and Jay Tulloch, using a GPS to map the areas where vineyards historically grew. She will go on to match these sites with stories from oral history interviews and archival material.  

In addition to the standard scholarly journal articles, the project will also generate material aimed at a broader audience, including a book and an exhibition at Newcastle Museum in 2017. It will also add value to Australia's $5.5 billion wine industry.

"A key reason for the Hunter region's resilience as a wine region is its long history of family farming, including wine growing," said McIntyre. "As shown in the declaration of 2014 as United Nations International Year of Family Farming, there is increasing emphasis on the connection between family enterprises and the future of global farming. And, because family farms need markets, our project asks why consumers drink wine from certain places, particularly vineyards with long histories of family production."

Dr Julie McIntyre

The Hunter Valley: driving our taste for wine

For Dr Julie McIntyre, wine represents history in a glass. "It's a way of being able to travel in time....

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Career Summary

Biography

 

I am an early career historian and wine studies scholar in the Department of History, School of Humanities and Social Science at The University of Newcastle. My doctoral research in History at the University of Sydney identified the framework for wine studies as a new Humanities and Social Science research field in which I have since published widely.

My post-doctoral research explores the ‘wine complex’ of early Australian wine production, trade and consumption within multiple historical frameworks including colonial and environmental history. I have published on the significance of wine and wine growing in the Australian colonial imaginary, Aboriginal-settler relations, social reforms to create sobriety, and notions of place.

In 2010, I held the Rydon Fellowship at the Menzies Centre for Australian Studies, King's College, London. I have taught Australian and European History at the University of Sydney, UNSW and since 2010 at the University of Newcastle. I am a founding member of the University of Newcastle's Wine Studies Research Network.

My current project 'Vines, Wine and Identity: the Hunter Valley NSW and changing Australian taste" is an ARC Industry Linkage (LP14). The project summary is: Australia is a leader in global wine trade and tourism, and Australian drinkers are shifting from beer to wine. Yet little is known about the regional communities that make wine, how wine production has shaped their identity, and how producers have changed national culture by creating a taste for their wines. This project explores these themes through an historical sociological study of Australia's oldest wine region, the Hunter Valley NSW. It traces intra- and transnational networks of people, knowledge and wine. This will in turn reveal elements of the power nexus in wine production, trade and consumption to provide critical new insights into Australia's change to a wine making and wine drinking country".  The lead investigator on the grant is Prof John Germov, University of Newcastle. The remainder of the team comprises myself; Dr David Dunstan, Monash University; Prof James Simpson, Carlos III University Madrid; Julie Baird, Newcastle Museum, and Brian McGuigan, the Hunter Valley Wine & Tourism Association.

My involvement in this project has arisen from my interest in wine as an historical lens to explore Australian themes of human desire, ambition, innovation and environmental change within global contexts. In my work, wine is defined not only as an alcoholic drink drenched in meaning arising from its role in Europe's Biblical and Classical traditions (pictured:  Ancient Greek wine god Dionysus and I at the British Museum). In Australia it is also an exotic plant product, agricultural industry, subject of scientific inquiry and object of trade that exemplifies changes in agriculture, trade and consumption in the Age of European Empires and the Enlightenment.

As post-Enlightenment environmental concerns highlight questions about the impact of plant adaptation, wine studies offers a transom to the contemporary dialetic between globalisation and neo-localism.  For instance, the current exoticisation of Australian wine in China, and Australian expertise in the creation of Chinese wine grape vineyards, is a fascinating expression of the connection between modernity and adaptation of the ancient European practices of wine growing, trading and drinking. 

By using historical sociological methods in archives and oral historical research, I observe the interplay of agency and external forces in the wine complex of growing, trading and drinking. The wine complex of production-distribution-consumption provides an ideal framework for case studies across a range of historical themes. I have published on early Australian wine growing within colonial and imperial history, Aboriginal-settler relations, transnational exchange, knowledge flow, social policies on sobriety, and notions of place. My research has pioneered new approaches to wine studies in Australia.

In First Vintage: Wine in Colonial New South Wales (Sydney: UNSW Press, 2012), I argue that wine growing had a significant role in visions for the making of European Australia. First Vintage was shortlisted for the 2013 NSW Premier's History Awards and the 2013 Wine Communicators of Australia Best Publication Award. It won the Gourmand Publishing Best Drinks History in Australia for 2013 and was consequently a finalist in the Gourmand International Awards for Best Wine History in the World. The book received a High Commendation in the 2013 Vice Chancellor's Research Excellence Awards at the University of Newcastle.

 Part of the research for First Vintage was completed while I held the Rydon Fellowship with the Menzies Centre for Australian Studies, King’s College, London, in 2010. This fellowship also resulted in an article in Australian Historical Studies. My research has also been published in journals such as Australian Economic History Review and the Journal of Australian Colonial History. As a founding member of The University of Newcastle's Wine Studies Research Networkmy current collaborative focus is a history of wine in the Hunter Valley. This district is close to The University of Newcastle's main campus at Callaghan, and Australia's oldest continually producing wine region. On 15 May 2014 I will deliver the University's Annual John Turner Memorial History Lecture. This lecture, entitled The World in a Glass of Hunter Valley Wine, will show how the region's wine industry has been shaped by - and contributed to - the grand sweeping themes of nineteenth century global history.

 I am also engaged in non-wine projects. As the Migration Heritage Historian for Port Macquarie Hastings Council, I have traced the emergence of local communities on the Mid North Coast of NSW. As a co-convenor of the Newcastle Hunter Studies research group, I aim to push the boundaries of regional research to take account of global themes. My interest multi-scalar (local/regional - national - global) approach to research has been fostered during more than a decade of unversity teaching in regional and metropolitan universities in Australian History, European History, and in Communication and Cultural Studies.

I currently convene The University of Newcastle's History Research Seminar series, History@Newcastle, which attracts world class scholars while offering graduate and postgraduate students a forum to test their ideas with peers. 

I communicate my research outcomes to audiences beyond the academy in my blog The World in a Wine Glass, The Conversation, public talks and media interviews.  Indeed, public interest in wine has proved to be an ideal way to spark interest in wider colonial historical themes. 

Research Expertise
My doctoral research began to identify the framework for a new Humanities and Social Sciences research field: wine studies. As an early career researcher I have continued to build my skills and profile in this area. As Rydon Fellow, at the Menzies Centre for Australian Studies, King's College, London, I encountered Australian History scholars in an international environment and accessed international archives, which greatly enhanced my research expertise. I work with a range of methodologies and research techniques. During my Honours research training I translated several years of experience as a broadcast interviewer into expertise as an oral historian. My research since then has comprised a case study approach across several History sub-disciplines using collections of business records, published works, family papers, press reports and artefacts held at a several libraries and archive depositories in New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria and London. More recently I have used historical sociological methodologies that are particularly salient in wine studies. Since completing my doctorate in 2009, I have extended the reach of my inquiries in terms of form, content and depth through inter-disciplinary collaboration to shape new research questions and means of addressing these inquiries. My research publications situate early Australian wine production, trade and consumption within the frameworks of colonial, regional, national and world history and, given the contemporary approach to the history of land use in Australia: environmental history. My research has been tested among peers in more than a dozen non-refereed conference presentations and University research seminars since 2005. As the Migration Heritage Historian for Port Macquarie Hastings Council, I research regional culture and identity. This Migration Heritage Project extends migration studies to Aboriginal forced migration in the Mid North Coast river valleys.

Teaching Expertise
I began teaching at the University of Newcastle in 2000. Over fourteen years of lecturing and tutoring I have demonstrated a deep commitment to encouraging the development of undergraduate scholarship across several disciplines: Australian History (ranging from introductory survey courses to upper level subjects focusing on gender, war, cultural history and comparative history), European History (politics, imperial history, environmental history, society and culture), Journalism and Cultural Studies. This commitment is reflected in consistently high evaluations of teaching from students. I have been responsible for curriculum development as well as course delivery at University of Sydney and University of New South Wales (UNSW) as well as University of Newcastle. At each university I have enjoyed the privilege of working with key scholars’ teaching teams and, in 2013, leading a team of six tutors in a large History service course. My experience extends from inner-city campuses and metropolitan student cohorts to rural and regional campuses and student groups. My teaching at University of Sydney included the role of lead tutor in classes run simultaneously in Sydney and at the University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill) which was teleconferenced to allow students to experience cultural transmissions while studying the connections between Australian and United States histories. Currently my teaching development is focused on encouraging History students to learn 'how to read'. That is, how to engage closely with the primary and secondary source material they are introduced to in first year History. Through guiding students to read actively and critically - to understand authorship, argument and context - I aim to build skills that complement traditional 'how to write essays' approaches. Skills in reading arm students for their History studies and beyond. University of Newcastle courses in which I have taught are:
HIST1051 The Australian Experience
HIST1080 Europe and the World
HIST3242 Growing Up in Australia
CMNS1080 Introduction to Professional Writing
CMNS1090 Introduction to Journalism
CMNS1100 Communication & Culture
CMNS2370 Broadcast Journalism
CMNS3270 Communication & Discourse

Administrative Expertise
Julie has more than a decade of experience as a course co-ordinator in first year and upper level undergraduate courses. She convenes the History Research Seminar series, History@Newcastle, which is held fortnightly during teaching semester in Cultural Collections, Archives, Auchmuty Library.

Collaborations
The University of Newcastle's Wine Studies Research Network (WSRN), of which I am a key member, is Australia's only cross-faculty collaboration in humanities and social science-based wine research. Partner collaborators of the WSRN include Newcastle Museum and the Hunter Valley Wine and Tourism Association. My research intersects with Newcastle Hunter Studies, in which I work with other scholars and the community to seed a new generation of international standard research on Newcastle and the Hunter Valley. The next Newcastle Hunter Studies event will celebrate digitisation of colonial Newcastle newspapers on Trove. This event will be held at Newcastle Art Gallery on 27 May 2014 (contact the gallery for details). My first book A Living History of Fort Scratchley (2008) was the result of a research collaboration with Professor Erik Eklund, now based at Federation University. The book project was funded by Newcastle City Council and involved academics and students in the School of Design, Communication & IT at University of Newcastle. A major creative work incorporating academic research for a general audience - the radio documentary Vintage Stories, commissioned by ABC Radio Newcastle and broadcast in 2009 - was co-produced by myself and Dr Phillip McIntyre, Communication & Media, University of Newcastle. In 2012, with Gillean Shaw of the University Gallery Newcastle, I fostered the collection of work for Vintage Dupain. This exhibition that brought together for the first time all of the known photographs of the Hunter Valley wine region by leading Australian photographer Max Dupain. Vintage Dupain was a collaboration between the Wine Studies Research Network, the University Gallery and the Hunter Valley wine industry, and has since toured other galleries in New South Wales.

Qualifications

  • PhD, University of Sydney
  • Bachelor of Arts (Honours), University of Newcastle

Keywords

  • Australian History
  • Australian and International Wine Studies
  • Civilising processes and 'civilisation'
  • Environmental History
  • European History
  • Migration and diasporas
  • Regional identities

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
210303 Australian History (excl. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History) 100

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Research Academic University of Newcastle
School of Humanities and Social Science
Australia

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/04/2015 -  Research Fellow on ARC Linkage Project "Vines, Wine & Identity: the Hunter Valley NSW and changing Australian taste" University of Newcastle
Australia
1/01/2012 - 1/12/2012 Migration Heritage Historian Port Macquarie Hastings Council/Migration Heritage Centre NSW
Australia
1/01/2012 -  Membership - Oral History Association of Australia (NSW) Oral History Association of Australia (NSW)
Australia
1/01/2010 - 1/06/2010 Rydon Fellow Menzies Centre for Australian Studies, King's College, London
United Kingdom
1/01/2010 - 1/11/2010 Lecturer The University of New South Wales
School of Humanities, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Australia
1/01/2009 -  Membership - Wine Industry Research Collaborative, Centre for Institutional and Organisational Studies, University of Newcastle Wine Industry Research Collaborative, Centre for Institutional and Organisational Studies, University of Newcastle
Australia
1/01/2009 -  Membership - Wine Communicators of Australia Wine Communicators of Australia
Australia
1/01/2005 -  Membership - Australian Historical Association Australian Historical Association
Australia
1/01/2005 - 1/11/2009 Sessional Tutor The University of Sydney
School of Philosophical and Historical Inquiry
Australia
1/01/2000 - 1/11/2009 Sessional Lecturer and Tutor University of Newcastle
School of Design Communication and IT
Australia

Awards

Recipient

Year Award
2006 History Compass Postgraduate Essay Prize
Unknown
2005 Australian Postgraduate Award
University of Sydney
2004 University Medal
University of Newcastle
2004 Faculty Medal
Unknown
1996 Sarah Wheeler Prize
Unknown

Research Award

Year Award
2013 Vice-Chancellor's Research Excellence Awards
University of Newcastle

Invitations

Distinguished Visitor

Year Title / Rationale
2012 Douglas Vale and its First Fleet wine variety
Organisation: Port Macquarie Hastings Heritage Festival, Heritage Week Description: Dedicated event

Keynote Speaker

Year Title / Rationale
2014 John Turner Memorial Lecture
Organisation: University of Newcastle Description: The World in a Glass of Hunter Valley Wine. This presentation demonstrated the manifold threads of global history that converge in the production of wine in the Hunter Valley NSW.

Speaker

Year Title / Rationale
2012 Maurice O'Shea
Organisation: Unveiling of Heritage Cairn, Legends Sub-Committee, Hunter Valley Wine Industry Association Description: Dedicated event
2012 The story of Ben Ean
Organisation: Heritage Cairn Launch, Hunter Wine Industry Association Description: Dedicated event
2011 Audrey Wilkinson’s diaries
Organisation: Unveiling of Heritage Cairn, Legends Sub-Committee, Hunter Valley Wine Industry Association Description: Dedicated event
2011 Tastes and wine production in the 19th century: “the transformative qualities”
Organisation: Special presentation at Elizabeth Bay House, Historic Houses Trust, Sydney Description: Dedicated event
2011 “A limited number of foreigners”: creating a non-British labour force for colonial wine growing
Organisation: Symposium to honour Richard Waterhouse, Bicentennial Professor of Australian History, School of Philosophical and Historical Inquiry, University of Sydney Description: Dedicated event
2011 From London Particular to Kaludah: the wines of colonial New South Wales
Organisation: EAT History Regional Event, Newcastle, History Council of NSW Description: Themed event
2011 From London Particular to Kaludah: the wines of colonial New South Wales
Organisation: EAT History, History Week Seminar at State Library of NSW, History Council of New South Wales Description: Themed event
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Book (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2012 McIntyre JA, First Vintage: Wine in colonial New South Wales, NewSouth Publishing, Sydney, 247 (2012) [A1]
2008 McIntyre JA, (With Erik Eklund) A Living History of Fort Scratchley, Newcastle City Council, Newcastle, NSW Australia, 44 (2008) [A1]

Chapter (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2013 McIntyre J, Germov J, 'Drinking History: Enjoying Wine in Early Colonial New South Wales', Eat history : food and drink in Australia and beyond, Cambridge Scholars Press, 2013 (2013) [B1]
Co-authors John Germov

Journal article (7 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2014 McIntyre JA, Dunstan WD, 'Wine, olives, silk and fruits: The Mediterranean plant complex and agrarian visions for a 'practical economic future' in colonial Australia', Journal of Australian Colonial History, 16 29-50 (2014) [C1]
2013 Mcintyre J, Mitchell RJ, Boyle B, Ryan S, Ryan S, 'We Used to Get and Give a Lot of Help: Networking, Cooperation and Knowledge Flow in the Hunter Valley Wine Cluster', Australian Economic History Review: an Asia-Pacific journal of economic, business and social history, 53 247-267 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1111/aehr.12022
Co-authors Rebecca Mitchell, Brendan Boyle
2011 McIntyre JA, 'Resisting ages-old fixity as a factor in wine quality: Colonial wine tours and Australia's early wine industry as a product of movement from place to place', LOCALE : The Australasian-Pacific Journal of Regional Food Studies, - 42-64 (2011) [C1]
2011 McIntyre JA, 'Adam Smith and faith in the transformative qualities of wine in colonial New South Wales', Australian Historical Studies, 42 194-211 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/1031461X.2011.560611
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 2
2009 McIntyre JA, 'Not rich and not British: Philip Schaeffer, "failed" colonial farmer', Journal of Australian Colonial History, 11 1-20 (2009) [C1]
2008 McIntyre JA, '"Bannelong sat down to dinner with Governor Phillip, and drank his wine and coffee as usual": Aborigines and wine in early New South Wales', History Australia, 5 39.1-39.14 (2008) [C1]
2007 McIntyre JA, 'Camden to Paris and London: The Role of the Macarthur Family in the Early NSW Wine Industry', History Compass, 5 427-438 (2007) [C1]
Show 4 more journal articles

Review (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2006 McIntyre JA, 'Is History Fiction? (Book Review)', Labour History (2006) [D2]
2003 McIntyre JA, 'Man of Honour: John Macarthur - Duellist, Rebel, Founding Father (Book Review)', Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society (2003) [D1]

Conference (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2009 McIntyre JA, 'Historical networking and knowledge sharing: Wine making in the Hunter', 'The Business of Wine': The Inaugural Wine Business Research Symposium: Conference Proceedings, Newcastle, NSW (2009) [E1]
2009 McIntyre JA, 'Economic development of wine in New South Wales', 'The Business of Wine': The Inaugural Wine Business Research Symposium: Conference Proceedings, Newcastle, NSW (2009) [E1]

Creative Work (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2012 McIntyre JA, Vintage Dupain, University of Newcastle Gallery (2012)
2009 McIntyre JA, McIntyre P, Vintage Stories: an ABC radio documentary on NSW wine history, Newcastle, NSW Australia (2009) [J1]

Report (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 McIntyre JA, 'Migration: Making the Mid North Coast', Arts NSW/Migration Heritage Centre Sydney/Port Macquarie City Council, 90 (2015)
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 3
Total funding $32,104

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20151 grants / $2,000

PopCAANZ (Popular Culture Association of Australian and New Zealand), Wellington New Zealand, 29 June to 1 July 2015$2,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Education and Arts

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Education and Arts
Project Team Doctor Julie McIntyre
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2015
GNo G1500780
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20131 grants / $20,192

Stage One: A Regional World of Wine - The Rise of the Hunter Valley$20,192

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Professor John Germov, Doctor Julie McIntyre
Scheme Linkage Pilot Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2013
GNo G1301019
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20111 grants / $9,912

The Australian Wine History Pilot Project$9,912

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Professor John Germov, Doctor Julie McIntyre
Scheme Linkage Pilot Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2011
Funding Finish 2011
GNo G1100773
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y
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News

The Conversation

How Christmas pudding evolved with Australia

December 15, 2014

Dr Nancy Cushing and Dr Julie McIntyre, historians from the University of Newcastle's (UON) School of Humanities and Social Science, look at how Christmas pudding evolved with Australia in The Conversation.

The Conversation

What Gone Girl tells us about American degrowth

October 14, 2014

Dr Julie McIntyre, from the School of Humanities and Social Science at the University of Newcastle, discusses box office hit Gone Girl and its eerie portrayal of American degrowth.

Prof John Germov

Vines, wine and identity

August 25, 2014

Australians are shifting from beer to wine, and now a University of Newcastle project is set to provide critical insight into what role the Hunter Valley has played in influencing the nation's drinkers to change.

Scholars Awards Book Cover

Scholars shortlisted for awards

August 19, 2013

University of Newcastle scholars shortlisted for awards

The Conversation

The rise of Australia as a wine nation

June 5, 2013

By John Germov and Julie McIntyre, University of Newcastle

Think of alcohol in Australian life and you probably think of beer: a "hard-earned thirst" and all that.

Dr Julie McIntyre

Position

Research Academic
Wine Studies Research Network
School of Humanities and Social Science
Faculty of Education and Arts

Focus area

History

Contact Details

Email julie.mcintyre@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 4921 7029
Fax (02) 4921 6933

Office

Room MCLG27A
Building McMullin Building
Location Callaghan
University Drive
Callaghan, NSW 2308
Australia
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