Dr Sidsel Grimstad

Dr Sidsel Grimstad


Newcastle Business School

Competitive, collaborative and green?

An expert on environmental sustainability, Dr Sidsel Grimstad is seeking to discover how being green in business can be a competitive advantage and how it can be supported through collaborative networks.

Dr Sidsel Grimstad is interested in tackling one of the world’s pressing issues – environmental sustainability. She’s intrigued by the ways in which small firms pursue their business objectives to earn their livelihoods, while at the same time reacting to policies and pressures created by a growing number of ecological challenges.

“National and regional institutional frameworks result in small businesses dealing with environmental challenges in very different ways,” she divulges.

“Social capital and networks have a large impact on environmental adaptation as well.”

As eco-conscious as she is conscious of the 21st century need for collaboration, Sidsel is committed to exploring the cooperative actions – or inactions – of small firms. Especially interested in those operating within rural industries, the early career researcher aims to determine the extent to which external changes confront or lead to successful business clustering and regional development.

“This work is an extension of what I learnt during my Honours Degree from the Norwegian Agricultural University and later, my MBA from the University of Newcastle,” she elaborates.

“It is also complemented by 10 years’ professional experience in the environmental sector in Norway and 10 years working in development which included a position at the United Nations in Rome appraising and supervising rural development projects throughout Africa.”

“My outlook is strongly international.”

Not quite apples and oranges

Sidsel’s research career began in 2008, when she commenced a PhD in Management at the University of Newcastle (UON). Masterfully undertaken in two languages, the five-year probe sought to compare apple farming in Hardanger on the west coast of Norway, and wine production in the Hunter Valley.

“Both agriculture-based tourism areas announced they were wanting to ‘go green’,” she recalls.

“So I endeavoured to find out exactly what it is that helps and hinders their adoption of eco-friendly practices.”

Originally setting out to find similarities between the two, Sidsel concedes it was the “marked differences” in each country’s respective institutional frameworks that were most surprising – and illuminating.

“The Norwegian Government, as is mostly the case in Scandinavia, is very proactive in what can be termed ‘environmental reform’ – it continuously introduces legislation and incentives to encourage a process towards environmental sustainability,” she explains.

“As a direct result, the region’s traditionally quite conservative farmers are able to commit to long-term environmental improvements as a community.”

“This social cohesion and peer pressure was less noticeable in an Australian case of wine-tourism business, even though they had a strong community feeling and their outlook was less traditional, their focus was more short-term because there were fewer incentives.”

“The Australian environmental policy regime has primarily been that environmental action should be driven by voluntary efforts.”

From stepping stones to building blocks

Sidsel stayed on at UON after receiving her award in 2013, signing on to lecture and develop her research profile within the Newcastle Business School. She has since been involved in a number of promising projects, most recently weighing up the collaborative potential of small firms in and around Newcastle.

“This work is in line with some of our Faculty’s new initiatives around cooperatives and other organisational forms, which are part of the new sharing economy,” she states.

“I want to see how these new collaborative ways of doing business may also benefit the environment.”

“This requires cross-disciplinary approaches and I have been actively involved in the establishment and facilitating of a new cross-disciplinary research group called WISED, the Workshop for Institutional and Socio-Economic Development”.

An active collaborator, Sidsel is teaming up with Dr Julie McIntyre (UON), and Associate Professor Rumina Dhalla from the University of Guelph, Canada, to explore how various types of social, cultural and historical capital influence the Hunter’s prosperous wine region.

She is also working with Professor John Burgess and a team of academics from Curtin University, examining and supporting through industry seminars the collaboration and knowledge sharing among small businesses in the Swan Valley wine region.

More recently she has worked with Tourism academic Dr Po-Hsin Lai examining the relationship between coal-seam gas activity and the Gloucester tourism industry.

“We wanted to understand how the community has dealt with this externally-imposed new phenomenon,” she comments.

“I’m specifically studying the role that the local media has played in the process. It is fascinating to go over 10 years’ worth of discussion and representation.”

Adopting UON’s well-known ‘I look ahead’ motto, Sidsel is already planning to add to this impressive and far-reaching list of current pursuits.  Giving us a glimpse into her not-so-distant future, the eco-conscious academic plans to do further research in the area of eco-innovation and business collaboration, potentially in renewable energy and environmental conservation.

“These will be increasingly important areas of focus in the future,” she asserts.

“During the last couple of years, I have been involved in cross-faculty postgraduate teaching on social and policy considerations of disaster management with the Faculty of Engineering,” she says.

“This has opened my eyes to the positive impact small business cooperation can have in increasing community resilience and mitigating the impact of extreme weather due to climate change in developing countries.”

“I am hoping to pursue research in this area in the future, as I think there might be important organisational innovations developed in resource-poor countries that we can all learn from and support.”

“As governments continually retract, I believe a lot of the problems and solutions will be found in the private sector.”

“I also firmly believe that there is a need for greater collaboration across the urban-rural and developed-developing divide.”

Sidsel Grimstad

Competitive, collaborative and green?

An expert on environmental sustainability, Dr Sidsel Grimstad is seeking to suss out how being green in business can be a competitive advantage and how it can b

Read more

Career Summary


Research statement 
My professional knowledge of agriculture and environmental policy, my international focus and Norwegian/Australian identity has led to continuous inquiry around how actors collaborate to obtain mutual economic, environmental and social benefits under different institutional contexts. My PhD compared how clusters of small agriculture-based tourism businesses in Australia and Norway would collaborate and compete in order to remain profitable and improve their environmental footprint. This work revealed that institutional context has a major impact on business-driven environmental action. Contrary to expectation a local and member-owned fruit producer co-operative was a substantial driver for implementation of advanced environmental certification despite climate scepticism among farmers in Norway. While in Australia, environmental awareness was high, the lack of a cohesive organisation reduced environmental improvements. 
The surprising innovation, agility and legitimacy of co-operatives as environmental drivers has led me to pursue research on member-owned and collaborative business models. My knowledge of co-operatives has been further enhanced through curriculum development for Australia’s only postgraduate degree in co-operatives. There is substantial international and national interest in novel, platform based, localised, environmentally beneficial member- and community owned business models as is evidenced in my successful award of three industry funded research grants in 2020. 

Industry Research Funds  
In 2020 I will be working on three industry research grants that I have been nominated as chief investigator. They all concern research into the co-operative business and service provision models, they have attracted substantial community and private sector interest.
ARC Linkage grant – “Articulating Value in Co-operative Housing”. Total Project Costs $594,000 (2020-2022). Industry partner is the Australian Co-operative Housing Alliance.  The project will quantify benefits of housing co-operatives as an affordable housing alternative in Australia. Overseas housing cooperatives may amount to 25% of housing stock and offers housing affordability and quality; security; builds community and reduces social isolation; and improves employment and education outcomes. 
ENOVA Community Shared Battery Project to be implemented in the Hunter NSW (2020-2022) . Total Project Cost: $2.7 million. Industry Partner: ENOVA Community Renewable Energy Retailer.  Funds received from the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) and Department of Primary Industries Government. Developing innovating models and technology for decentralised energy production, storage and consumption is an important element of sustainability transitions in Australia. UoN has been selected to provide a research and knowledge sharing role towards industry, community and researchers.
Identifying barriers, opportunities and educational needs for ‘start-up’ co-operatives in the agricultural sector in Australia. Industry funds from the Business Council of Co-operatives and Mutuals. Total project costs:  $13,000. In recent years substantial amounts of Federal funds been allocated to promote the formation and revitalisation of agricultural co-operatives in rural Australia. UON has played a major role in providing co-operative education for agricultural co-op start-up entrepreneurs since 2017.

On Teaching
From 2016 to 2020 I have been the program convener for Australia’s only postgraduate education in Co-operatives Management and Organisation. This program was established as a response to a Parliamentary Inquiry into the Co-operative and Mutual Sector recommending substantial increase in education and training. The program was established with input from an Industry Advisory Group and was promoted throughout the sector. 
In 2020 I received a Teaching Team Excellence Award (with Ann Apps) for “an industry led and innovative approach to curriculum and assessment design, using an action learning pedagogy, promoting industry goals and increasing graduate employment opportunities.”.  
My substantial work experience from Europe, Americas and African countries as well as being a Norwegian national has provided me with foundation for excellence in teaching courses such as Managing Diversity, Social and Policy Considerations of Disaster Management, Negotiation and Advocacy and Cross-Cultural Management.  I have also lectured and tutored other courses in the Management, International Business and Human Resources Field.
I have taught a wide variety of undergraduate, post-graduate, face to face, blended and online delivery of courses at the University of Newcastle since 2006. 
In 2016 I received a Teaching Excellence Award, for “innovation in online and blended teaching”. 
I have been course coordinator, lecturer and tutor in the following courses:
GSBS6411 Introduction to Co-operative Management and Organisation (PG Grad Cert in Cooperative Management and Organisation)– (2017-2020) 
IRHR 3035 Managing Diversity (BBus) – (2014-2015-2016-2017-2018-2019-2020) 
GSBS 6100 Negotiation and Conflict Resolution (MBA – MHRM for WebLearn) – (2015-2016) 
IRHR 1002 Dynamics of People and Work in Organisations (2016)
GSBS 6006 Employment Relations in Globalised Economies (2015)
ARBE 6605 Social and Policy Consideration of Disaster Risk Reduction (Master of Disaster Risk Resilience) – (2015-2016) 
IRHR 3040 Negotiation and Advocacy (Bbus) – (2017) 
GSBS 6480 International Business (MBA MIB) – (2006-2007-2008)
MNGT 3120 International Business Cases (Bbus) – (2008)
GSBS 6483 Cross-Cultural Management and Negotiation (MBA and MIB) – (2005-2006-2007-2008)

I have also facilitated Peer Assisted Writing Circles for RHD students in 2008-9 and 2013. 

On Service 
FBL elected representative for Academic Level B to the Academic Senate (2019 to present)
Director of Postgraduate Programs – New Programs (from September 2018 to December 2019)
Program convener for the Graduate Certificate in Co-operative Management and Organisation (2016 to present)
Facilitator for Industry Advisory Group for Co-operative Education (2018- to present)
Academic facilitator for online teaching (2016) 
Postgraduate Student Representative at the Faculty Board (2009-2010)
Facilitator of peer-assisted writing circles for PhD students (2008-09 and 2013)
Member of PRME committee in the FBusL to promote awareness of Sustainable Development Goals within the Faculty (2018 to present). 

Academic Service Roles
Co-chair for the ICA Asia Pacific Research Conference hosted by the Faculty of Business and Law at NuSpace between 12th to 14th December 2019. 
Part of academic committee organizing FBL’s annual RHD colloquium for 3 years (2016-2017-2018)
Member of Scientific Conference Committee for the Council for Australasian Tourism and Hospitality Education Conference (CAUTHE) Newcastle, 2018. 
Facilitator of the Workshop on Institutions and Socio-Economic Development, (WISED), Faculty of Business and Law (2015 to 2018)


  • Doctor of Philosophy, University of Newcastle
  • Master of Business Administration, University of Newcastle
  • Master of Arts, University of Western Sydney


  • Cluster research, Regional development, Social Capital and Regional development,Comparative methods, Environmental Management,
  • Institutional Theory
  • Management/HRM - Managing Diversity, Cross-Cultural Management, Negotiation and Conflict Resolution,Social and Policy Considerations in Disaster management,
  • co-operative, sharing economy, collaboration
  • eco-innovation, sustainability
  • intermediaries,


  • Norwegian (Fluent)
  • English (Fluent)
  • French (Working)
  • German (Working)

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
160404 Urban and Regional Studies (excl. Planning) 25
050299 Environmental Science and Management not elsewhere classified 25
150399 Business and Management not elsewhere classified 50

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
5/1/2017 - 21/12/2018 Lecturer University of Newcastle
7/1/2016 - 22/12/2016 Lecturer University of Newcastle
5/1/2015 - 18/12/2015 Lecturer University of Newcastle



Year Award
2020 Teaching Team Excellence Award
University of Newcastle
2016 Excellence in Teaching and Learning Award, Faculty of Business and Law
University of Newcastle - Faculty of Business and Law


For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.

Chapter (3 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2013 Grimstad S, Burgess J, 'A comparison of two agriculture based tourism micro-clusters in Norway and Australia.', Resources and competitive advantage of clusters, Rainer Hampp Verlag, Munchen 66-96 (2013) [B1]
DOI 10.1688/9783866189652
2010 Grimstad S, 'The Apple Tourism Cluster, Hardanger, Norway', Value Adding Webs and Clusters. Concepts and Cases, Rainer Hampp Verlag, Munchen 102-126 (2010) [B1]
DOI 10.1688/9783866185913
2003 Grimstad S, Sevatdal H, 'Norwegian Commons: History, Status and Challenges', Commons: Old and New, Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim 93-132 (2003)

Journal article (8 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2019 Crabtree L, Perry N, Grimstad S, McNeill J, 'Impediments and opportunities for growing the cooperative housing sector: an Australian case study', International Journal of Housing Policy, (2019)

© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. In many countries, housing cooperatives are longstanding and stable components of housing systems, prov... [more]

© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. In many countries, housing cooperatives are longstanding and stable components of housing systems, providing a range of housing options that sit between the historically dual tenure poles of renting and owning. In others, such as Australia, cooperatives represent a very small proportion of total housing stock. Such differences derive from institutional lock-in resulting from market failures, government policy and historical norms. Breaking the institutional lock-in requires evidence of the benefits of cooperative housing to demonstrate the rationale for appropriate policy frameworks. However, despite their longevity in some countries, cooperatives remain relatively under-researched, such that their purported benefits as compared to other tenure forms can be hard to assess or compare. This article provides a brief synthesis of extant literature on the benefits of cooperatives before focusing on Australia where the sector is poised for growth from a very small base. We consider the impediments and opportunities for growing the sector in Australia, which highlight issues of potential relevance to other jurisdictions with similarly nascent cooperative sectors.

DOI 10.1080/19491247.2019.1658916
2019 Grimstad S, Waterhouse J, Burgess J, 'Creating a little bit of la Dolce Vita'. Explaining resilience and transformation in the Hunter Valley wine region, NSW, Australia', International Journal of Globalisation and Small Business, 10 359-380 (2019) [C1]

© 2019 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Using the Hunter Valley wine region as a case study, this paper examines how a region, renowned internationally for specific wine varieties, r... [more]

© 2019 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Using the Hunter Valley wine region as a case study, this paper examines how a region, renowned internationally for specific wine varieties, reinvents itself through becoming a gastronomic landscape. Using a case study approach, this paper identifies, through qualitative data how, in spite of being a small national producer, the Hunter Valley still strongly identifies with and protects its wine-region identity. The importance of having regional identity custodians' such as the old wine families that ensure that the landscape maintains the rural aesthetic, creates embedded institutions that benefit both old and new entrants. While new entrants may be considered a risk, they also provide a continuous stream of creative solutions and investments, leading to continuous improvement of quality and luxury provision of wine and gastronomy sensory experiences. Hunter Valley wine-Tourism actors have contributed to its resilience through simultaneously maintaining a strong wine region identity, while at the same time using this as a means to regenerate itself into a gastronomic landscape where lifestyle, food, wine and tourism complement each other. Through this the Hunter Valley manages to maintain its lead among the top Australian destinations for both national and international wine and food tourists.

DOI 10.1504/IJGSB.2019.103589
Co-authors Jennifer Waterhouse, John Burgess
2018 Soontiens W, Dayaram K, Burgess J, Grimstad S, 'Bittersweet? Urban proximity and wine tourism in the Swan Valley Region', Tourism Management Perspectives, 28 105-112 (2018) [C1]

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Proximity to the target market is deemed desirable for tourism destinations, including wine-tourism. Yet, it also translates into a range of problems. While re... [more]

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Proximity to the target market is deemed desirable for tourism destinations, including wine-tourism. Yet, it also translates into a range of problems. While research into wine regions has exponentially grown over the last two decades, the majority of research in wine tourism focuses on the demand side with little attention to supply side dynamics that impact development. This paper considers the realities of the supply side of a wine tourism region, i.e. the perspectives of business owners, service providers and authorities, and reports on the perceptions and challenges as noted by a range of stakeholders in the Swan Valley in Western Australia as a distinct wine tourism area. The study highlights how proximity to an urban market can be a major challenge for an industry based on agri-business in a rural setting. The research has policy implications for local and state authorities, particularly in terms of alignment relating to land-use and infrastructure.

DOI 10.1016/j.tmp.2018.08.008
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 4
Co-authors John Burgess
2017 Lai PH, Morrison-Saunders A, Grimstad S, 'Operating small tourism firms in rural destinations: A social representations approach to examining how small tourism firms cope with non-tourism induced changes', Tourism Management, 58 164-174 (2017) [C1]

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd This study explores the representation that owners and managers of small tourism firms ascribe to their rural destination and how non-tourism induced changes i... [more]

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd This study explores the representation that owners and managers of small tourism firms ascribe to their rural destination and how non-tourism induced changes interfere with this representation and motivate coping as guided by social representations theory. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-four owners and/or managers of at least one small accommodation property in Gloucester, New South Wales, Australia. The informants became involved in the area's accommodation sector primarily driven by the lifestyle goals embedded in their representation of Gloucester. The perception that mining-induced changes might transform Gloucester into a mining town as opposed to its current representation as a town with a mine has motivated many informants to cope. However, coping is impeded by feelings of powerlessness, perceived uncertainties, and distrust in both government and industry. The findings provide preliminary insight into why and how small tourism firm owners/managers cope when faced with change from the perspective of social representations.

DOI 10.1016/j.tourman.2016.10.017
Citations Scopus - 13Web of Science - 13
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2017 Lai PH, Lyons KD, Gudergan SP, Grimstad S, 'Understanding the psychological impact of unconventional gas developments in affected communities', Energy Policy, 101 492-501 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.enpol.2016.11.001
Citations Scopus - 17Web of Science - 17
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai, Kevin Lyons
2014 Grimstad S, Burgess J, 'Environmental sustainability and competitive advantage in a wine tourism micro-cluster', Management Research Review, 37 553-573 (2014) [C1]

Purpose: The paper aims to examine the competitive advantage of the environmental behaviour at a firm level and micro-cluster level, building the analysis on Harts model of natura... [more]

Purpose: The paper aims to examine the competitive advantage of the environmental behaviour at a firm level and micro-cluster level, building the analysis on Harts model of natural resource-based view of the firm and by using Brown et al.'s framework for analysing contextual resources that would provide locational advantage based on environmental behaviour. The case study examines the drivers and the obstacles to environmental action and demonstrates how clustering has been important in progressing a sustainability agenda. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of a single wine tourism cluster in Australia is undertaken using mixed methods. Findings: The main drivers for environmental action are genuine concerns for the environment by the cluster participants, especially water conservation in the Australian context. Supporting this is the co-ordination of the Lovedale Chamber of Commerce which has promoted its "greening Lovedale" project as a source of regional identity and potential competitive advantage. The obstacles to action are those that are present when small firms dominate, a lack of resources and a lack of know how. Through clustering small businesses can share resources, access specialists and share knowledge. Research limitations/implications: A single cluster case study within the Australian and the wine tourism context confined to one point in time. Practical implications: The clustering of firms in agricultural regions offers the opportunity to achieve individual and collective benefits. Clustering participation can reduce costs, achieve scale economies and share knowledge. These advantages are relevant for environmental actions. In the context of weak or absent government actions and regulations over the environment, regional clusters can utilise the advantages of clustering to meet environmental goals. These in turn can contribute to regional identity and regional comparative advantage. These issues are addressed through the study of the Lovedale wine cluster in Australia. Originality/value: There are few studies of how clustered agricultural industries are addressing environmental challenges independently of central government directives or subsidies. Clustering enables small firms to participate in environmental programs despite being faced by resource and knowledge shortages. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

DOI 10.1108/MRR-01-2013-0019
Citations Scopus - 26Web of Science - 6
Co-authors John Burgess
2011 Grimstad S, 'Developing a framework for examining business-driven sustainability initiatives with relevance to wine tourism clusters', International Journal of Wine Business Research, 23 62-82 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.1108/17511061111121416
Citations Scopus - 24Web of Science - 10
2009 Grimstad S, 'The use of English in institutional and business settings: An intercultural perspective', Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 30 179-181 (2009) [C3]
DOI 10.1080/01434630802361145
Show 5 more journal articles

Review (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Grimstad S, 'Book Review : Backpacker tourism and economic development. Perspectives from the less developed world (2015)
DOI 10.1080/19407963.2015.1102849
Citations Web of Science - 1
2015 Grimstad S, 'Backpacker tourism and economic development. Perspectives from the less developed world, Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events, (2015)
DOI 10.1080/19407963.2015.1102849

Conference (14 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2019 Grimstad S, 'Education in Co-operative Organisation and Management at the University of Newcastle', Sydney (2019)
2019 Grimstad S, Apps A, 'Re-igniting the transformative power of co-operative education in Australia', Berlin (2019)
Co-authors Ann Apps
2018 Grimstad S, Crabtree L, Power E, Perry N, Mcneill J, 'Growing and diversifying the cooperative housing sector in Australia: understanding financing, legislation and social impact', Wageningen, Netherlands (2018)
2018 Grimstad S, 'Lessons from the Norwegian Commons the preservation and innovation of ancient rural community use-rights in Norway.', Melbourne (2018)
2017 Soontiens W, Burgess J, Dayaram K, Grimstad S, 'Problems with Proximity in Tourism: The Swan Valley in Metropolitan Perth.', Melbourne (2017)
2017 Grimstad S, 'ICA CCR Global Research Conference 2017 FIRST CALL FOR PAPERS Developing Inclusive , Collaborative and Responsible Businesses: Co - operatives in Theory, Policy and Practice University of Stirling, Scotland June 20 - 2 4 2017', Published in proceedings, Stirling, Scotland, UK (2017)
2015 Lai P, Kyle G, Lyons K, Grimstad S, 'Coping with the impacts of coal seam gas mining: A case study of the Gloucester Local Government Area in NSW', Canberra (2015)
Co-authors Kevin Lyons, Po-Hsin Lai
2015 Grimstad S, Lai P-H, 'For and against CSG? Social representations of CSG in the Public Media', Aberdeen (2015) [E3]
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2013 Grimstad S, Lai P, Lyons K, Kyle G, 'Coping with environmental change. Exploring the impact of coal seam gas mining on Australian rural communities.', Abstracts booklet and database, Estes Park, Colorado, USA (2013) [E3]
2013 Grimstad S, Lai P-H, Lyons K, Kyle G, 'Exploring the impact of extractive industries on an Australian rural community.', Conference booklet, Melbourne (2013) [E3]
Co-authors Kevin Lyons, Po-Hsin Lai
2012 Grimstad S, 'Comparing environmental sustainability in two agriculture based tourism clusters in Australia and Norway.', Australasian Agri-Food Research Network, Palmerston North, New Zealand (2012) [E3]
2012 Burgess J, Grimstad S, 'Environmental sustainability and competitive advantage in a wine tourism micro-cluster', Proceedings of the 26th Annual Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, Perth, WA (2012) [E3]
2009 Grimstad S, 'Examining business-driven environmental sustainability initiatives in agriculture based tourism clusters in Norway and Australia', 'The Business of Wine': The Inaugural Wine Business Research Symposium: Conference Proceedings, Newcastle, NSW (2009) [E1]
2009 Grimstad S, 'Using a cultural values framework to examine Nordic and Anglo-Saxon traits of organising', Labour, Capital and Change: Proceedings of the 23rd Conference of the Association of Industrial Relations Academics of Australia and New Zealand, Newcastle, NSW (2009) [E2]
Show 11 more conferences

Other (3 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2018 Grimstad S, Apps A, 'Learning on the go Using action research in education to better understand the opportunities and threats facing co-op start-ups in the agricultural sector in Australia', (2018) [O1]
Co-authors Ann Apps
2018 Apps A, Grimstad S, 'Alternative Futures and Regional Prospects Symposium. Working across Differences, beyond Carbon, Capital and Commodity ', (2018) [O1]
Co-authors Ann Apps
2018 Apps A, Grimstad S, ' Restoring the Neighbourhood. Co-operative and co-housing solutions to the chaotic impacts of urban living ', (2018) [O1]
Co-authors Ann Apps

Report (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2019 Grimstad S, Crabtree L, Perry N, Power E, McNeill J, 'Articulating value in cooperative housing: international and methodological review.', Australian Cooperative Housing Network, comprising Common Equity NSW, Common Equity Housing Ltd, the Federation of Housing Collectives, and Common Equity Housing South Australia, 127 (2019)
2007 Grimstad S, Sevatdal H, 'Norwegian Commons - A brief account of history, status and challenges', Noragric, Centre for International Environmental and Development Studies, 51 (2007)

Thesis / Dissertation (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2013 Grimstad S, Business Driven Environmental Action in Agricultural Based Micro-Clusters in Norway and Australia., University of Newcastle (2013)

Grants and Funding


Number of grants 3
Total funding $23,000

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.

20201 grants / $13,000

Learning on the Go - Identifying barriers, opportunities and educational needs for ‘start-up’ co-operatives in the agricultural sector in Australia$13,000

Funding body: Business Council of Co-operatives and Mutuals

Funding body Business Council of Co-operatives and Mutuals
Project Team Doctor Sidsel Grimstad, Ms Ann Apps
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2020
Funding Finish 2020
GNo G2000846
Type Of Funding C3111 - Aust For profit
Category 3111

20172 grants / $10,000

Co Operative Housing Research$5,000

Funding body: Common Equity NSW

Funding body Common Equity NSW
Project Team Doctor Sidsel Grimstad, Ms Ann Apps, Dr Louise Crabtree, Dr Neil Perry, Professor Peter Phibbs, Dr Emma Power, Dr Joanne McNeill
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2017
Funding Finish 2017
GNo G1701613
Type Of Funding C3112 - Aust Not for profit
Category 3112

Co-operative Housing Research - Faculty Matching Grants for Industry Research $5,000

Faculty Matching Grant Scheme for Co-operative Housing Research.

Funding body: Faculty of Business and Law - Industry Matching Grant

Funding body Faculty of Business and Law - Industry Matching Grant
Project Team

Sidsel Grimstad, Ann Apps, Louise Crabtree (Team Leader), Emma Power, Neill Perry, Joanne McNeill

Scheme Faculty Matching Grant Scheme
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2017
Funding Finish 2018
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE

Research Supervision

Number of supervisions


Current Supervision

Commenced Level of Study Research Title Program Supervisor Type
2019 PhD Investigating the Socio-Cultural Influences on Governance in Aboriginal Cooperative Enterprises PhD (Politics), Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle Principal Supervisor
2018 PhD Carbon Lock-Out: Advancing Community Renewable Energy in Australia PhD (Management), Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor
2016 PhD Exploring the Drivers of Organisational Commitment in an Emerging Asian Economy: The Case of Vietnam PhD (Management), Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor

Past Supervision

Year Level of Study Research Title Program Supervisor Type
2020 PhD Expatriates’ Perceptions of Corrupt Business Practices: The Magendo Phenomenon in Uganda PhD (Management), Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor
2016 PhD Sustainability and Growth in Regional Australia: Developing Innovation Theory and Policy Using a Complexity Perspective PhD (Management), Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor

Research Projects

Proximity, Knowledge-sharing and Innovation in the Swan Valley Wine Region, Perth, WA 2016 - 2020

Articulating Value in Housing Co-operatives, Research for Common Equity NSW. Research team led by Dr. Louise Crabtree, Western Sydney University 2017 - 2020

The cooperative housing sector in Australia is diverse, including a majority of rental or zero-equity cooperatives and a minimal number of ownership or market-equity cooperatives. While the former are a mechanism for providing affordable housing, the latter are not necessarily oriented toward that goal, although some manage to retain affordability due to their location and social profile. Internationally, cooperatives span from zero- through limited- to market-rate equity options. The project will synthesise existing data from international and local jurisdictions to analyse different equity models and help the Australian sector move forward. The cooperative housing sector is not well researched, so the project will require the identification and generation of primary data. The project will undertake four core tasks:
i. A literature review to frame up social value measurement
ii. Financial modeling based on sector data and/or creation of new data
iii. Construction of social value indicators and framework for measurement
iv. Comparison to international sectors



14th International Co-operative Alliance Asia Pacific Research Conference

July 1, 2020

Faculty of Business and Law hosted 14th International Co-operative Alliance Asia Pacific Research Conference.

Academics Invited to Advisory Board of Food Next Door Co-operative

July 1, 2020

Dr Sidsel Grimstad and Ann Apps welcomed to the Food Next Door Co-op Advisory Board

Dr. Sidsel Grimstad Joins Centre for African Research Engagement and Partnership (CARE-P)

July 1, 2020

Dr Sidsel Grimstad joins Centre for African Research Engagement and Partnership (CARE-P), University of Newcastle.

Could housing cooperatives be an affordable solution to Australia’s growing housing crisis?

May 29, 2020

A project investigating the benefits of housing cooperatives in Australia will receive a boost, with the help of an Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage project worth over $590,000.

The Sharing Economy

July 18, 2018

The Sharing Economy, Old Concept, New Technology, New Rules?

Rural Land Use and Community Research Network

June 22, 2017

the Rural Land Use and Community Research Network has been strengthened by Faculty funding.

Rural Neighbours in times of change: a two day symposium

May 26, 2017

The Rural Land Use and Community Research Network brings together local and international scholars working in the area of rural land use.

Dr Sidsel Grimstad


ER/HRM Discipline
Newcastle Business School
Faculty of Business and Law

Contact Details

Email sidsel.grimstad@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 49216271


Room X-742
Building NeW Space
Location City Campus