Dr Sandra Carrasco

Dr Sandra Carrasco

Postdoctoral Research Associate

School of Architecture and Built Environment

Career Summary

Biography

Sandra Carrasco is a CIFAL Postdoctoral Research Associate at the University of Newcastle, Australia. She received the prestigious McKenzie Fellowship for postdoctoral research at the University of Melbourne, Australia. Sandra holds a PhD in Environmental Management from Kyoto University, Japan where she completed her master and doctorate studies under the MEXT scholarship offered by the Japanese Government. Sandra is an architect graduated from the School of Architecture and Urbanism at Saint Augustine University, Peru. Her research interests include post-disaster reconstruction and community resilience, disaster risk reduction, housing transformation and the appropriateness of rebuilt settlements, incremental housing, informal settlements, governance and city planning, urban poverty, and migrant and refugee studies. She presented in several academic and non-academic conferences in Asia, Europe, Oceania and Latin America. Sandra’s teaching experience covers subjects in disaster management, environment, architecture, construction and urban studies delivered in English, Spanish and Japanese. Sandra has working experience in government, academic and non-profit sectors in Australia, Chile, Japan, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Nepal and Peru.

Qualifications

  • Doctor of Global Environment Studies, Kyoto University - Japan
  • Bachelor of Architecture, National University of Saint Augustine of Arequipa
  • Master of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University - Japan
  • Graduate Diploma in Education, Victoria University - Australia

Keywords

  • Community resilience
  • Disaster management
  • Incremental housing
  • Post-disaster housing recovery and reconstruction
  • governance and city planning
  • informal settlements
  • migrants and refugees studies
  • women empowerment and resilience

Languages

  • English (Fluent)
  • Spanish (Mother)
  • Japanese (Working)
  • French (Working)

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
330303 Design for disaster relief 40
330404 Land use and environmental planning 60

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Postdoctoral Research Associate University of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
2/3/2020 - 31/7/2020 Tutor and research assistant

The Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, incorporating the Melbourne School of Design (MSD), is a creative and people-oriented built environment faculty in Australia’s leading research-intensive university.

The University of Melbourne
Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning
Australia
24/2/2017 - 21/2/2020 Post-doctoral researcher under the McKenzie Research Fellowship

I was a Post-doctoral researcher under the prestigious McKenzie Research Fellowship

The University of Melbourne
Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning
Australia
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Book (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2021 Carrasco S, Dangol N, Faleh M, Home for the diaspora: From the Horn of Africa to Melbourne s public housing, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, 126 (2021) [A1]
Urbanisation at Risk in the Pacific and Asia, Routledge
DOI 10.4324/9780429290176

Chapter (4 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2020 Carrasco S, Dangol N, 'Community resilience through self-help housing adaptations: Examples from Nepal and the Philippines', Urbanisation at Risk in the Pacific and Asia: Disasters, Climate Change and Resilience in the Built Environment 152-170 (2020)
2020 Carrasco S, O'Brien D, 'Incremental housing in Villa Verde, Chile: A view through the Sendai Framework lens', Enhancing Disaster Preparedness From Humanitarian Architecture to Community Resilience, Elsevier, UK 223-240 (2020)
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-819078-4.00012-5
2018 Carrasco S, O'Brien D, 'Urbanism of Emergency: Use and Adaptation of Public Open Spaces in Disaster-Induced Resettlement Sites', Resettlement Challenges for Displaced Populations and Refugees, Springer, Cham, UK 163-174 (2018)
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-92498-4_12
2017 Carrasco S, Ochiai C, Okazaki K, 'Resident-built housing modifications as a factor of adaptability to the built environment in disaster-induced resettlement site in Cagayan de Oro, Philippines', Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia: Potentials and Challenges 453-474 (2017)

Tropical Storm Washi hit the city of Cagayan de Oro in Southern Philippines in December 2011, causing a massive and unprecedented destruction of urban areas, resulting in the disp... [more]

Tropical Storm Washi hit the city of Cagayan de Oro in Southern Philippines in December 2011, causing a massive and unprecedented destruction of urban areas, resulting in the displacement of 40% of the city population. The postdisaster housing recovery focused on the resettlement of affected communities in sites located in peri-urban areas. For this chapter, the target is GK Shell Village built by the NGO Gawad Kalinga in Calaanan Site. The houses were not intended to be modified. However, this research found that residents built housing modifications and extensions in order to satisfy their needs and lifestyles. This chapter aims to analyze the types of modifications, their motivations, and the reasons behind these modifications. This chapter contributes to both research and practice by understanding the gaps between the planned houses and the actual use which provides an important feedback for government and implementing agencies which might shape future reconstruction projects.

DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-812711-7.00026-2
Citations Scopus - 1
Show 1 more chapter

Journal article (9 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2021 O'Brien D, Carrasco S, 'Contested incrementalism: Elemental's Quinta Monroy settlement fifteen years on', Frontiers of Architectural Research, 10 263-273 (2021) [C1]

Quinta Monroy is an award-winning co-designed settlement for 93 families on half a hectare of land at Iquique in northern Chile. Neighbors' complaints about the disorderly se... [more]

Quinta Monroy is an award-winning co-designed settlement for 93 families on half a hectare of land at Iquique in northern Chile. Neighbors' complaints about the disorderly settlement peaked after the landowner's death and provoked untenured residents to seek government subsidies to redevelop the settlement. From 2003, a government social housing project was coordinated by the ¿Elemental¿ architecture firm with US$10,000 per household. With the resident's temporary relocation, 93 modular and interlinked apartments were built around a series of courtyards. These apartments, which were designed as ¿half-houses,¿ were subsequently co-opted by residents adding rooms in locations planned in advance by Elemental. Many households have since doubled the size of their apartment and reformed the settlement in ways not anticipated by Elemental. This paper details a spatial and ethnographic study of the Quinta Monroy settlement since redevelopment to identify opportunities and risks that accompany this type of social housing model. The study reveals evidence that residents' capacities to enlarge apartments commonly exceeds the architect's expectations and that unregulated expansions often compromise the settlement's livability. This research anticipates further opportunities for expansion in this semi-regulated settlement and investigates possibilities that another contested slum settlement may emerge.

DOI 10.1016/j.foar.2020.11.002
2021 Carrasco S, O'Brien D, 'Beyond the freedom to build: Long-term outcomes of Elemental's incremental housing in Quinta Monroy', Urbe, 13 (2021) [C1]

In 2003, the Chilean architecture firm Elemental began to revisit the idea of partially completed housing harnessing the productive capacities of the informal process within a mor... [more]

In 2003, the Chilean architecture firm Elemental began to revisit the idea of partially completed housing harnessing the productive capacities of the informal process within a more formal framework. The Quinta Monroy project in the northern Chilean city of Iquique was the first such project and involved the in-situ replacement of an informal settlement. The desire of residents was for a middle-class house that was beyond the scope of their budget or the subsidy. The Elemental project at Quinta Monroy comprised 93 expandable houses designed in parallel buildings and organized in four courtyards aiming to promote community interaction and maintain neighbors' affinities. This paper investigates the process of housing adaptation through self-construction twelve years after the residents received their homes in 2005. The strategy to promote resident-driven expansions has been successful as 92 out of 93 households expanded their homes. The most significant concerns focused on the deterioration of living standards due to progressive and uncontrollable extensions which might have significant impacts on the settlement development. The findings from this paper focus on the neighbors' negotiations for housing extensions and the risk of the re-creation of precarious living environments evidencing limitations for unassisted or spontaneous incremental schemes of housing development.

DOI 10.1590/2175-3369.013.E20200001
2020 O'Brien D, Carrasco S, Dovey K, 'Incremental housing: harnessing informality at Villa Verde', ARCHNET-IJAR INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURAL RESEARCH, 14 345-358 (2020)
DOI 10.1108/ARCH-10-2019-0237
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
2019 Carrasco S, Dangol N, 'Citizen-government negotiation: Cases of in riverside informal settlements at flood risk', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, 38 (2019)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101195
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
2019 Dangol N, Carrasco S, 'Residents' self-initiatives for flood adaptation in informal riverbank settlements of Kathmandu', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, 40 (2019)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101156
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 2
2017 Carrasco S, Ochiai C, Okazaki K, 'Residential satisfaction and housing modifications: A study in disaster-induced resettlement sites in Cagayan de Oro, Philippines', International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, 8 175-189 (2017)

Purpose: This study focuses on residents¿ perceptions of the permanent houses built by various implementing agencies on the Calaanan site as part of post-Typhoon Washi resettlemen... [more]

Purpose: This study focuses on residents¿ perceptions of the permanent houses built by various implementing agencies on the Calaanan site as part of post-Typhoon Washi resettlement in the city of Cagayan de Oro. This research aims to make a comparative analysis of the communities¿ pre- and post-disaster situation, their satisfaction with the housing provided and the factors influencing housing modification. Design/methodology/approach: The paper analyzes the data obtained from a questionnaire survey of residents, interviews with stakeholders involved in resettlement, observation survey and graphic documentation between July and August 2014. Findings: The analysis of residents¿ perspectives revealed that their building of extensions to houses was a response to a lack of consideration of their needs and of local environmental and cultural patterns in the planning and construction of permanent housing. Originality/value: The findings are used to develop points to consider to gain a better understanding of residents¿ adaptation to their environment. These points may be useful in improving future resettlement projects in a country permanently exposed to disasters.

DOI 10.1108/IJDRBE-09-2015-0043
Citations Scopus - 8
2016 Carrasco S, Ochiai C, Okazaki K, 'A Study on Housing Modifications in Resettlement Sites in Cagayan de Oro, Philippines', JOURNAL OF ASIAN ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING ENGINEERING, 15 25-32 (2016)
DOI 10.3130/jaabe.15.25
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 6
2016 Carrasco S, Ochiai C, Okazaki K, 'Disaster Induced Resettlement: Multi-Stakeholder interactions and decision making following Tropical Storm Washi in Cagayan de Oro, Philippines', 11TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR INFRASTRUCTURE RESILIENCE AND RECONSTRUCTION (I3R2): COMPLEX DISASTERS AND DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT, 218 35-49 (2016)
DOI 10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.04.008
Citations Web of Science - 11
2016 Carrasco S, Ochiai C, Okazaki K, 'Impacts of resident-initiated housing modifications in resettlement sites in Cagayan de Oro, Philippines', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, 17 100-113 (2016)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.05.001
Citations Scopus - 14Web of Science - 14
Show 6 more journal articles

Conference (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2019 Carrasco S, O'Brien D, 'Urbanism of Emergency: Use and Adaptation of Public Open Spaces in Disaster-Induced Resettlement Sites', RESETTLEMENT CHALLENGES FOR DISPLACED POPULATIONS AND REFUGEES, York Univ, Toronto, CANADA (2019)
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-92498-4_12
Citations Web of Science - 1
2018 Carrasco S, O'Brien D, 'The Role of Humanitarian Agencies in Reconstruction and Development of Disaster Affected Communities in Japan and the Philippines', 7TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BUILDING RESILIENCE: USING SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE TO INFORM POLICY AND PRACTICE IN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, Bangkok, THAILAND (2018)
DOI 10.1016/j.proeng.2018.01.078
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 4

Other (4 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2021 Carrasco S, Faleh M, Dangol N, 'Fuir la guerre pour aller vivre dans un hlm: les défis des africains de Melbourne', (2021) [O1]
2020 Carrasco S, Dangol N, Faleh M, 'Our lives matter Melbourne public housing residents talk about why COVID-19 hits them hard', (2020) [O1]
2020 Carrasco S, Dangol N, Recio R, 'Rebuilding from disaster: it doesn t end when housing aid projects finish', (2020) [O1]
2019 Carrasco S, Faleh M, Cook A, Haw A, 'Paris? Melbourne? Public housing doesn t just look the same, it s part of the challenges refugees face', (2019) [O1]
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 4
Total funding $66,409

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20211 grants / $31,979

Economic Recovery for Women through Construction Trades and Digital Competencies$31,979

Funding body: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Funding body Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Project Team

Associate Professor Temitope Egbelakin, Doctor Sittimont Kanjanabootra, Professor Sue Anne Ware, Doctor Sandra Carrasco

Scheme Council on Australia Latin America Relations (COALAR)
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2021
Funding Finish 2021
GNo
Type Of Funding C1500 - Aust Competitive - Commonwealth Other
Category 1500
UON N

20191 grants / $15,000

Exploring housing alternatives and challenges of Melbourne’s African migrants: Is leaving public housing a reality$15,000

Funding body: The University of Melbourne

Funding body The University of Melbourne
Project Team

Dr Sandra Carrasco, Dr Majdi Faleh, Dr Neeraj Dangol

Scheme Affordable Housing Hallmark Research Initiative Seed Funding 2019
Role Lead
Funding Start 2019
Funding Finish 2020
GNo
Type Of Funding Not Known
Category UNKN
UON N

20182 grants / $19,430

A socio-economic exploration of Melbourne’s African migrants in, Public housing as an incubator$14,430

Funding body: The University of Melbourne

Funding body The University of Melbourne
Project Team

Dr Sandra Carrasco, Dr Andrea Cook, Dr Majdi Faleh, Dr Ashley Haw

Scheme Economic and Social Participation Research Initiative -ESPRit Seed Funding 2018
Role Lead
Funding Start 2018
Funding Finish 2019
GNo
Type Of Funding Not Known
Category UNKN
UON N

Student Ghettos’ and Informal Living Arrangements in Australia’s Education State$5,000

Funding body: The University of Melbourne

Funding body The University of Melbourne
Project Team

Dr Sandra Carrasco, Dr Matthew Palm

Scheme Informal Urbanism - InFur Research Hub Seed Funding
Role Lead
Funding Start 2018
Funding Finish 2018
GNo
Type Of Funding Not Known
Category UNKN
UON N
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Dr Sandra Carrasco

Position

Postdoctoral Research Associate
School of Architecture and Built Environment
College of Engineering, Science and Environment

Contact Details

Email sandra.carrasco@newcastle.edu.au

Office

Room A. 119
Building Architecture Building
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