Dr Robert Smith
Conjoint Senior Lecturer
School of Medicine and Public Health
- Phone:02 49213385
A snapshot of success
A self-described 'specialised zoologist,' Laureate Professor Roger Smith is keen on understanding the idiosyncrasies, interactions and inner workings of multiple animal species but especially human.
Laureate Professor Roger Smith is a man of many talents and interests. As the Co-Director of the University of Newcastle's Priority Research Centre for Reproductive Science, and the Director of the University's Mothers and Babies Research Centre and the Department of Endocrinology at John Hunter Hospital, he's also a man with many responsibilities. Not limiting himself to a singular field, the passionate academic freely studies "anything and everything" that sparks his intrigue.
"I don't' have a single focus," Roger elaborates.
"To give you an idea, I have about 25 different projects going at the moment."
"These range from explorations of potential new treatments for women in premature labour and women with postpartum haemorrhage, to the use of nanoparticles to treat thyroid and ovarian cancers."
"I'm very lucky to be able to do what I do."
A head start
Roger recalls having this affinity for the natural world from a young age. Working on the proviso that the "proof is in the picture," the esteemed educator tells of a photograph of his toddler-self feeding elephants, and its importance in kick starting his research career.
"I was thinking about how the planet works very early on in my life," he reflects.
"To me, all animals were, and continue to be, incredibly fascinating."
"Humans, however, I find most remarkable."
Seeking to satisfy this time-honoured thirst for knowledge about his own species, Roger studied medicine at the University of Sydney. Graduating in 1973, he spent the next two years at Royal North Shore Hospital followed by time in Western Australia and New Zealand, before undertaking a PhD at the University of London.
"I saw my training to become a doctor as training to become a specialised zoologist," he explains.
"My interest in people is not just in terms of their diseases, but also about how they interact with each other."
"We are the most highly social animal there is."
"This is the way I see myself and what I can contribute to our society."
After completing his doctorate in 1981, Roger returned to Australia and joined the University of Newcastle.
Well-known and well-travelled
Most recently, and perhaps most interestingly, Roger has been undertaking a research assignment on lemurs in Madagascar.
"They are surprising and extremely complex primates," he describes.
"The females are dominant over the males and their clitorises are bigger than penises, due to the different steroids produced during pregnancy."
"Oestrogen and progesterone normally regulate the onset of labour but they do all of these crazy things in lemurs so we don't yet know why they give birth when they do."
"People from the island's west coast have collected samples of poo from pregnant female lemurs and they've been transported here for analysis and comparison with samples obtained from Taronga Western Plains Zoo in Dubbo."
Spanning a generous handful of time zones, Roger's current work also sees him conducting work in Nepal. The clinical endocrinologist is on the hunt for ways to improve maternal mortality in the developing country, ambitiously and admirably looking to reduce its "exceedingly high" death rates during pregnancy.
"Women are of low standing in this culture," he points out.
Collaborating with a Nepalese postgraduate student, Roger is hoping to change this situation with a simple but powerful song.
"Music is a big part of day-to-day community life for these people," he illuminates.
"So we're going to run a competition in schools for a lyrical number that involves some key messages about respecting women."
"It will be judged by teachers – who are all male."
"Once the final song is chosen, it will be taught to travelling minstrels who will then sing it at every house in the intervention area."
"We will assess the impact of the song on attitudes to pregnant women and the care they need."
In our own backyard
Back home, Roger is endeavouring to 'close the gap' where Aboriginal health is concerned. He has set up programs in both Tamworth and Walgett, renting and renovating buildings for art and ante-natal research purposes.
"Indigenous women have double the rate of premature birth and double the rate of growth retarded babies," the multitasking scholar affirms.
"But we're trying to improve those statistics."
"We've employed Aboriginal artists and elders, as well as dieticians, midwives and lactation consultants to pass on their knowledge to expectant mothers."
"Together, they all sit down and do artworks and discuss their different areas of expertise."
Learning just as much from these women as he is by teaching them, Roger asserts the rural venture has so far been an "overwhelming success."
Thinking outside the norm
When asked where he would like to see the future of medicine and public health, Roger is quick to answer.
"They both need to change," he claims.
"These days, the troubling and most prevalent diseases are social problems – not medical ones."
"So I could tell you to eat less, start exercising and stop smoking, but then you go back to your world surrounded by family and friends who probably drink more than they should, smoke and don't exercise often."
"My five minutes with you is a waste of time."
Believing how we behave and think is "largely determined" by the people around us, Roger is calling for doctors to influence the social networks of individuals.
"I no longer meet with patients one-on-one," he reveals.
"If someone has obesity or smokes, for example, I want to meet their partner and friends and relatives."
"It's about group effort."
"After all, you can't refuse to help someone you love and care about."
Unraveling the tales of the past
Associate Professor Ros Smith examines the contribution of female writers to the culture of the early modern era.
From the hallowed halls of Oxford University came the inspiration to study early modern women's writing. Surrounded by the world's top renaissance scholars, University of Newcastle Associate Professor Ros Smith felt the calling to delve into the world of women's writing from the 16th and17th centuries.
"It's a strange world with lots of recognisable elements but at the same time very different elements - that's what encapsulates the oddness of studying the past. I find that tension very interesting. You think you understand something but then you dig deeper and find there's lots more to explore," Associate Professor Smith said.
At that time, research into early modern women's writing was in its infancy. Now it's a burgeoning field with over 100 scholars working in it.
"It was exciting and cutting-edge work because there was hardly anyone doing it. I wanted to understand, from a feminist perspective, what early modern women's writing can tell us about gender and culture in the Renaissance and across the ages."
"Women have always been half the population, but their contribution to the literature of the past was once thought to be negligible. My work, alongside that of others in the field, has discovered that women did write an enormous amount in the early modern period, in a variety of forms from private letters to major published romances."
"Through their writing, they also contributed to literary, religious and political cultural life in important ways. Understanding the active literary roles that women had in the past changes the way we think about women's literary agency and ability in the present. It also reconfigures the way we think about the early modern period – it is not just a period dominated by men but one in which women had vital roles in shaping the culture. This helps us fully appreciate women's path to the modern world of today," Associate Professor Smith said.
Since co-founding the Early Modern Women's Research Network (EMWRN) in 2008 at the University of Newcastle with her colleague Dr Patricia Pender, Associate Professor Ros Smith has experienced a career-changing few years.
"Prior to the establishment of the network, scholars working in the field of early modern women's writing in Australia were quite isolated and disconnected," Associate Professor Smith said.
"But what we've been able to do is bring together a broad range of well-known scholars from across Australia, as well as international scholars who are at the top of their field and run similar networks internationally. These include Sarah Ross from New Zealand, Michelle O'Callaghan from the Early Modern Research Centre at the University of Reading, and Sue Wiseman from the London Renaissance Seminar at the University of London."
"This joining of the minds has allowed us to become a really effective network. We've held a lot of activities including national and international conferences and symposia and have really built our reputation in the field," Associate Professor Smith said.
Associate Professor Smith and Dr Pender played a central role in the Early Modern Studies Conference at the University of Reading, UK, in July 2013, when EMWRN sponsored a three-day stream of panels on the material cultures of early modern women's writing.
The group hosted an Early Modern Studies Symposium in Newcastle in September 2013, featuring international keynote speakers Professor Stephen Orgel and Dr Michael Wyatt from Stanford University.
Scholars from ANU, the University of Sydney, Macquarie University, La Trobe and the Victoria University of Wellington attended the event, which also drew together Newcastle scholars in the field, such as early modern historian Dr Camilla Russell.
The one-day symposium was crowned by a celebration of the special issue of the journal Parergon, on Early Modern Women and the Apparatus of Authorship, edited by Associate Professor Smith, Dr Pender and New Zealand EMWRN counterpart Sarah Ross. Visiting luminary Stephen Orgel did the honours of launching the issue.
In 2012 the pair received a $210,000 ARC Discovery Projects grant to fund research around The Material Cultures of Early Modern Women's Writing: Editing, Reception and Mediation.
"There's been an amazing momentum around the network and our track record of winning small grants and regular publications meant that we won the ARC discovery grant," Dr Smith said. "We are very excited by our success and aim to secure even larger funding through national and international schemes in the future. We are extending our collaborations to Europe and the US in 2014 and will partner in applications for US and European Union funding."
Dr Robert Smith
Conjoint Senior Lecturer
School of Medicine and Public Health
Faculty of Health and Medicine
|Building||John Hunter Children's Hospital CSU|
|Location||John Hunter Children's Hospital