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Dr Po-Hsin Lai

Lecturer

Newcastle Business School (Tourism)

Career Summary

Biography

Research Expertise

Dr. Po-Hsin Lai’s research examines the effect of change on tourism systems driven by forces such as tourism developments and land use alterations from mining, amenity migration, urban sprawl, and climate change. Issues arising from the impacts of change due to these forces are gaining significance since related changes often pose threats to the natural resource base that supports rural and nature-based destinations, and is the targe of protected area conservation. Both qualitative and quantitative methods have been incorporated into her research to provide more in-depth examinations of the complex phenomena involved in tourism systems. Additionally, her commitment to an interdisciplinary paradigm has driven her to employ literature in natural resource governance and sustainability science, and theoretical foundations informed by social psychology, environmental psychology, and place-based research to derive the managerial implications of her research for sustainable planning and management of tourism systems. Her research has been published in high-ranked journals and generates recommendations to enhance the resilience capacity of rural communities and protected areas.



Collaborations

Po-Hsin works closely and collaboratively with scholars, communities, and different industry bodies on issues that concern these individuals/entities. Locally, she is involved in a research team that works with Newcastle City Council to better understand the visiting friends and relatives market, and related phenomena situated in Newcastle as a changing environment driven primarily by the recent development in tourism. Much of her research involves international collaboration. She is involved in a project to explore host-guest interactions via the experience of WWOOFing (World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms) and associated implications for sustainability in agricultural and tourism practices in Taiwan. She is also working with scholars in China to explore pro-poor tourism and associated implications for community resilience in a number of destinations in China. More recently, she is invited to work collaboratively on a project focusing on the role of tourism in maintaining Satoyama landscapes, a production social-ecological landscape, through resource management, education, and tourism. These projects are consistent with her research interest in the natural resource aspect of tourism and management mechanisms to maintain the resilience capacity of destinations.



Qualifications

  • PhD, Texas A & M University

Keywords

  • Environmental change
  • Natural resource governance
  • Place identity and place attachment
  • Protected area management
  • Qualitative research
  • Quantitative research
  • Rural tourism
  • Sustainability

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
150399 Business and Management not elsewhere classified 25
150599 Marketing not elsewhere classified 25
150699 Tourism not elsewhere classified 50

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Lecturer University of Newcastle
Newcastle Business School
Australia
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Chapter (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2019 Lai P-H, Walters G, 'When two worlds collide: Branding industrial destinations', Reputation and Image Recovery for the Tourism Industry, Goodfellow, Oxford 11-128 (2019) [B1]
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai

Journal article (16 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2019 Chao CW, Reid M, Lai P-H, Reimers V, 'strategic recommendations for new product adoption in the Chinese market', Journal of Strategic Marketing, (2019)
DOI 10.1080/0965254X.2018.1555545
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai, Fred Chao
2019 Mu Y, Nepal SK, Lai PH, 'Tourism and sacred landscape in Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park, Nepal', Tourism Geographies, 21 442-459 (2019) [C1]

© 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. While tensions between the sacred and the profane in tourism have been of long standing interest to tou... [more]

© 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. While tensions between the sacred and the profane in tourism have been of long standing interest to tourism scholars, there is a dearth of literature on the growing influence of tourism on local residents¿ spirituality and religious practices in sacred landscapes. This paper examines how local residents¿ interpretations of sacred landscapes are influenced by tourism development, and whether tourism plays a role in influencing and reproducing sacred landscape and place-based spiritual values. This exploratory study is based on four months of fieldwork conducted in 2014 and 2015 in Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park in Nepal¿s Khumbu Region. Results of the 33 interviews conducted with ethnic Sherpa community indicate the Sherpa consider their homeland as a beyul (sacred, hidden valley), and its landscapes (i.e. mountains, forests and lakes) as the abode of local deities. Tourism¿s influence on local spiritual values is evident and reflected in changes in mountain deity worship, shift in human-environment relationship, and alterations in religious routines and practices. Although Sherpa still regard Khumbu as a sacred place and are actively involved in maintaining their spiritual values and cultural identity, the religious influence of beyul is slowly diminishing as reliance on tourism grows.

DOI 10.1080/14616688.2018.1558454
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2018 Ba QX, Lu DJ, Kuo WHJ, Lai PH, 'Traditional farming and sustainable development of an indigenous community in the mountain area-a case study of Wutai Village in Taiwan', Sustainability (Switzerland), 10 1-16 (2018) [C1]
DOI 10.3390/su10103370
Citations Scopus - 2
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2017 Lai PH, Morrison-Saunders A, Grimstad S, 'Operating small tourism firms in rural destinations: A social representations approach to examining how small tourism firms cope with non-tourism induced changes', Tourism Management, 58 164-174 (2017) [C1]

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd This study explores the representation that owners and managers of small tourism firms ascribe to their rural destination and how non-tourism induced changes i... [more]

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd This study explores the representation that owners and managers of small tourism firms ascribe to their rural destination and how non-tourism induced changes interfere with this representation and motivate coping as guided by social representations theory. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-four owners and/or managers of at least one small accommodation property in Gloucester, New South Wales, Australia. The informants became involved in the area's accommodation sector primarily driven by the lifestyle goals embedded in their representation of Gloucester. The perception that mining-induced changes might transform Gloucester into a mining town as opposed to its current representation as a town with a mine has motivated many informants to cope. However, coping is impeded by feelings of powerlessness, perceived uncertainties, and distrust in both government and industry. The findings provide preliminary insight into why and how small tourism firm owners/managers cope when faced with change from the perspective of social representations.

DOI 10.1016/j.tourman.2016.10.017
Citations Scopus - 12Web of Science - 8
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai, Sidsel Grimstad
2017 Lai PH, Lyons KD, Gudergan SP, Grimstad S, 'Understanding the psychological impact of unconventional gas developments in affected communities', Energy Policy, 101 492-501 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.enpol.2016.11.001
Citations Scopus - 10Web of Science - 10
Co-authors Sidsel Grimstad, Po-Hsin Lai, Kevin Lyons
2017 Lai P, Lyons K, Kyle G, Kreuter U, 'Coping with change in rural landscapes: The psychological stress of rural residents experiencing unconventional gas developments', LAND USE POLICY, 67 487-497 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.05.033
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 3
Co-authors Kevin Lyons, Po-Hsin Lai
2016 Lai PH, Hsu YC, Wearing S, 'A social representation approach to facilitating adaptive co-management in mountain destinations managed for conservation and recreation', Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24 227-244 (2016) [C1]

© 2015 Taylor & Francis. Mountain destinations are often managed not only to support tourism and recreation but also to maintain a range of sensitive ecological processes an... [more]

© 2015 Taylor & Francis. Mountain destinations are often managed not only to support tourism and recreation but also to maintain a range of sensitive ecological processes and services. Resource use and management activities in mountain destinations are manifestations of various representations of mountain landscapes that may contribute to tension and conflicts, or collaboration and learning between stakeholders of mountain destinations. Adaptive co-management (ACM) that adopts a social learning model to forge collaborative natural resource management provides one approach to managing complex and dynamic social-ecological systems in mountain destinations. Social representations (SR) theory, as a theory of social knowledge and social change, offers one theoretical lens with which to gain insights into the representations that different stakeholders ascribe to mountain landscapes and to assist in developing functioning ACM. The utility of SR theory for ACM arrangements is examined using a case study that explores the representations of the mountain landscape within Yushan National Park (YNP) in Taiwan from the perspectives of three resource user groups: committed mountaineers, professional guides, and mountain tourists. The study findings are used to demonstrate how the processes of representations and dialogical antinomies embedded in representations can impede or facilitate stakeholder interactions in ACM.

DOI 10.1080/09669582.2015.1062018
Citations Scopus - 12Web of Science - 12
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2014 Schweinsberg S, Lai PH, Wearing S, Lyons KD, 'Coal Seam Gas in Australia s Hunter Valley Wine Tourism Region; Just Another Land Use in a Big Country?', JURNAL HOSPITALITI DAN PARIWISATA, 1 106-118 (2014) [C1]
Co-authors Kevin Lyons, Po-Hsin Lai
2014 Wearing S, Schweinsberg S, Lai P, Lyons K, 'A discussion of coal seam gas in Australia's hunter valley wine tourism region', Australasian Parks and Leisure, 17 49-52 (2014) [C2]
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai, Kevin Lyons
2013 Lai PH, Hsu YC, Nepal SK, 'Representing the landscape of Yushan National Park', Annals of Tourism Research, 43 37-57 (2013) [C1]

Our study examined the representations of Yushan National Park from the perspectives of two tourism stakeholders, including an indigenous local community and the national park ser... [more]

Our study examined the representations of Yushan National Park from the perspectives of two tourism stakeholders, including an indigenous local community and the national park service. Social representations theory was applied to explore competing claims for a legitimate version of the park by each group. Additionally, the concept of territoriality was adopted to examine territorial expressions associated with the park and places therein. Sixteen community and twelve park service informants were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling. Both groups were found to converge in certain representations they ascribed to Yushan. More frequently, they were discordant in what consisted of its ideal image. Territorial strategies were employed by some informants to defend their ideal representation. Implications for collaborative partnerships are discussed. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI 10.1016/j.annals.2013.03.004
Citations Scopus - 16Web of Science - 14
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2012 Lai P-H, Kreuter UP, 'Examining the direct and indirect effects of environmental change and place attachment on land management decisions in the Hill Country of Texas, USA', Landscape and Urban Planning, 104 320-328 (2012) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.11.007
Citations Scopus - 21Web of Science - 19
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2011 Lai P-H, Lyons KD, 'Place-meaning and Sustainable Land Management: Motivations of Texas Hill Country Landowners', Tourism Geographies, 13 360-380 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/14616688.2011.570370
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 3
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai, Kevin Lyons
2009 Lai P-H, Sorice MG, Nepal SK, Cheng C-K, 'Integrating social marketing into sustainable resource management at Padre Island National Seashore: An attitude-based segmentation approach', Environmental Management, 43 985-998 (2009) [C1]
DOI 10.1007/s00267-009-9293-9
Citations Scopus - 9Web of Science - 13
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2006 Lai PH, Nepal SK, 'Local perspectives of ecotourism development in Tawushan Nature Reserve, Taiwan', Tourism Management, 27 1117-1129 (2006) [C1]

This paper examines local responses to potential ecotourism development in the Tawushan Nature Reserve located in southeastern Taiwan. Community attitude and intention toward four... [more]

This paper examines local responses to potential ecotourism development in the Tawushan Nature Reserve located in southeastern Taiwan. Community attitude and intention toward four dimensions of ecotourism, including conservation of natural resources, preservation of cultural tradition, sustainable community development, and participation in ecotourism planning and management, were measured. Furthermore, the paper examines whether or not there is congruence between community attitude and intention toward ecotourism development. Analysis is based on data collected using face-to-face questionnaire interviews in two indigenous communities consisting primarily of the Paiwan ethnic group. The study findings show that local people hold generally positive views of the measures necessary to achieve ecotourism; however, their intentions to engage in behaviors to support these measures do not entirely match with their positive views. This suggests that while local residents may support ecotourism development based on international guidelines, their intentions to act will depend on local environmental, social, and politico-economic conditions. It is suggested that issues related to community empowerment, relationship between government and communities, value conflicts introduced by ecotourism development, and the dynamics among and between various community groups will need to be addressed if positive community intention to participate in ecotourism is to be encouraged. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI 10.1016/j.tourman.2005.11.010
Citations Scopus - 92
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2005 Lai PH, Shafer S, 'Marketing ecotourism through the internet: An evaluation of selected ecolodges in Latin America and the Caribbean', Journal of Ecotourism, 4 143-160 (2005) [C1]

The advance of Internet technology worldwide has contributed to the growing impacts of online marketing of ecotourism destinations. Despite much discussion devoted to defining eco... [more]

The advance of Internet technology worldwide has contributed to the growing impacts of online marketing of ecotourism destinations. Despite much discussion devoted to defining ecotourism conceptually, knowledge regarding how ecotourism is actually practiced and how it is marketed through the Internet is still lacking. The purpose of this study was to address these issues by exploring how ecotourism is marketed through the Internet. A sample was selected from ecolodge operators listed on the website of The International Ecotourism Society. Content analysis was used to examine the online marketing information of these ecolodges. The study findings suggest that ecolodge operators sampled in this study provided a variety of ecotourism products to meet the diverse interests of the ecotourist market. The online marketing messages of these ecolodges also indicated that most of them only partially aligned with ecotourism principles. Recommendations are made regarding social marketing and ecolabelling for online ecotourism marketing to better shape tourist expectations, attitudes and behaviours in ways that support the sustainable practice professed as ecotourism. © 2005 P-H. Lai and S. Shafer.

DOI 10.1080/JET.v4.i3.pg143
Citations Scopus - 23
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2005 Lai P-H, 'Community participation in sustainable tourism: a case study of two indigenous communities', Ereview of Tourism Research, 1 5-9 (2005) [C3]
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
Show 13 more journal articles

Conference (8 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2016 Lai P, Morrison-Saunders A, Grimstad S, 'A social representations approach to examining small tourism firms' coping capacity in the face of non-tourism induced changes in rural destinations', Kyoto, Japan (2016)
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2015 Lai P, Kyle G, Lyons K, Grimstad S, 'Coping with the impacts of coal seam gas mining: A case study of the Gloucester Local Government Area in NSW', Canberra (2015)
Co-authors Kevin Lyons, Po-Hsin Lai, Sidsel Grimstad
2015 Grimstad S, Lai P-H, 'For and against CSG? Social representations of CSG in the Public Media', Aberdeen (2015) [E3]
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai, Sidsel Grimstad
2013 Grimstad S, Lai P-H, Lyons K, Kyle G, 'Exploring the impact of extractive industries on an Australian rural community.', Conference booklet, Melbourne (2013) [E3]
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai, Sidsel Grimstad, Kevin Lyons
2013 Lai P, Lyons K, Kyle G, 'Dilemmas of sustainability: Exploring the effect of coal seam gas mining on Australian rural communities', Estes Park Center, Colorado (2013)
Co-authors Kevin Lyons, Po-Hsin Lai
2009 Lai P, 'Testing a new scale of place identity in the Texas Hill Country', Proceedings of the 2008 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium, Bolton Landing, NY (2009)
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2007 Lai PH, 'Building stewardship with recreation users: an approach of market segmentation to meet the goal of public-lands management', Proceedings of the 2006 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium, Lake George, Bolton Landing, New York, USA (2007) [E1]
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
2005 Lai P-H, Shafer S, 'Understanding ecotourism: how eco-lodges convey themselves through internet information' (2005) [E1]
Co-authors Po-Hsin Lai
Show 5 more conferences
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 8
Total funding $91,701

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20192 grants / $9,938

A participatory place-based approach to the Indigenisation of tourism: A pilot study in Newcastle and Lake Macquarie$4,984

This project presents a pilot study to develop and apply a participatory place-based framework aiming to nurture the tourism entrepreneurship among Aboriginal people in the Hunter region, and forge the Indigenisation of tourism to support the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. This pilot study forms the basis of an ARC Linkage Grant application, drawing on established research relationships with Newcastle City Council and Lake Macquarie City Council, and the emerging research relationship with the United Nations Global Compact Cities Programme (Indigenous Tourism Taskforce). Indigenous cultures have been viewed as a key component of Australian tourism, contributing to the national tourism brand. Indigenous tourism is very often advocated as a means to facilitate the preservation of Aboriginal cultural heritage, and to contribute to economic/social/cultural opportunities that  address disadvantages faced by many Aboriginal communities in Australia. However, recent research shows that tourist participation in Indigenous tourism has been declining, despite many Indigenous tourism destinations inseparable from natural attractions that continue to attract many domestic and international tourists every year. In this pilot study, we will work with our established research relationships Newcastle City Council, Lake Macquarie City Council, and United Nations Global Compact Cities Programme Indigenous Tourism Taskforce to examine a participatory place-based approach for cultivating the Indigenous tourism entrepreneurship and facilitating the Indigenisation of tourism in Newcastle and Lake Macquarie. The pilot study will serve as a stepping stone for an ARC Linkage grant application which will allow a wider application of the framework and more rigorous examination of its utility.

Funding body: Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle

Funding body Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle
Project Team

Po-Hsin Lai, Tamara Young, Paul Stolk

Scheme Faculty Seeding Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2019
Funding Finish 2019
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

A scoping study on the effect of person-place relationships on collective actions in response to the immediate threat of climate change and establishing long-term resiliency in vulnerable tourism communities$4,954

Tourism is climate sensitive as it relies on stable/predictable weather patterns and climate attributes to attract tourists and support its routine operations. In light of increased extreme weather events and impacts on tourism destinations, particularly those located in coastal/mountain areas or prone to floods/droughts, there is an urgent need for climate sensitive destinations to develop the capacities to cope with immediate threats and build resiliency to ensure sustainability. Person-place relationships conceptualised as place attachment has been shown to influence individual/group responses and resiliency in the face of change. Meanwhile, place attachment attests to the desire for stability. To develop destination resiliency requires changes to behaviours that tourism stakeholders routinely practice in the destination place and social interactions which likely vary across different cultures. However, very little is known about how cultural factors may influence place attachment and related responses/behaviours. Moreover, little is done to examine how and whether place attachment may exert different effects on collective actions which are essential to destinations’ immediate response and long-term capacity building to cope with climate related threats. This scoping study is a preliminary step to develop a framework for cross-cultural comparisons of place attachment and its influences on behaviours in response to climate-induced changes, and identify potential study areas and funding sources via working collaboratively with two international scholars. The scoping study will latter be developed into a mature project and funding applications to appropriate entities in each respective country.

Funding body: Newcastle Business School | University of Newcastle | Australia

Funding body Newcastle Business School | University of Newcastle | Australia
Project Team

Po-Hsin Lai

Scheme NBS Research Funds
Role Lead
Funding Start 2019
Funding Finish 2019
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

20181 grants / $6,358

Post-industrialisation and regional tourism development- A case study of Newcastle, NSW$6,358

Funding body: Takasaki City University of Economics

Funding body Takasaki City University of Economics
Project Team

Naho Maruyama; Po-Hsin Lai

Scheme University wise research grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2018
Funding Finish 2018
GNo
Type Of Funding International - Non Competitive
Category 3IFB
UON N

20171 grants / $18,000

Newcastle City Council Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFR) Study$18,000

Funding body: Newcastle City Council

Funding body Newcastle City Council
Project Team Doctor Tamara Young, Doctor Po-Hsin Lai
Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2017
Funding Finish 2017
GNo G1700641
Type Of Funding C2220 - Aust StateTerritoryLocal - Other
Category 2220
UON Y

20122 grants / $24,910

Dilemmas of sustainability: Examining the effects of place attachment and mining-induced environmental change on the psychological well-being of Gloucester residents$14,980

This research project focused on mining, more specifically, CSG exploration and mining, as a source of social and environmental change to Gloucester, NSW. The primary aim was to examine relationships between Gloucester residents’ place attachment, appraisal of the impacts of CSG exploration on important personal and community assets, and their emotional and coping responses to related appraisals. 

Funding body: Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle

Funding body Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle
Project Team

Po-Hsin Lai, Kevin Lyons, Gerard Kyle, Sidsel Grimstad

Scheme Faculty Research Project Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2013
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

Exploring rural residents’ representation of the Augusta-Margaret Local Government Area and perception of environmental changes.$9,930

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Po-Hsin Lai
Scheme Early Career Researcher Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2012
GNo G1201207
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20101 grants / $27,500

Understanding recreation conflicts and support for collaborative natural resource management among Jade Mountain stakeholders using a place-based approach$27,500

This research project explored the different meanings that various stakeholder groups of Yushan National Park ascribed to the area. The main purpose was to identify commonalities and differences in terms of the park's meanings across the groups, that in turn was used to draw implications for collaborative management.

Funding body: National Research Council

Funding body National Research Council
Project Team

Yi-Chung Hsu, Po-Hsin Lai

Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2010
Funding Finish 2011
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N

20091 grants / $4,995

A place-meaning approach to building partnerships and collaboration among stakeholders of national parks for sustainable tourism and natural resource management$4,995

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Po-Hsin Lai
Scheme New Staff Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2009
Funding Finish 2009
GNo G0190374
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y
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Research Supervision

Number of supervisions

Completed2
Current2

Current Supervision

Commenced Level of Study Research Title Program Supervisor Type
2019 PhD Explaining the IKEA Effect: Why Do We Value the Fruits of Our Own Labour? PhD (Management), Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor
2016 PhD Representation of Shangri-La: Using Social Representation Theory to understand Sustainable Tourism Meanings and Practices by Local Stakeholders. PhD (Leisure & Tourism), Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor

Past Supervision

Year Level of Study Research Title Program Supervisor Type
2017 Masters Exploring Land Use Conflict: Representations of Rural Landscapes from Influential Land Use Stakeholders in the Upper Hunter Valley M Philosophy (Leisure & Tour), Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor
2014 PhD Investigating Thai Accommodation Managers' Environmental Management Practices: A Behavioural Intentions Approach PhD (Leisure & Tourism), Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor
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Dr Po-Hsin Lai

Positions

Lecturer
Newcastle Business School
Faculty of Business and Law

Casual Academic
Newcastle Business School
Faculty of Business and Law

Focus area

Tourism

Contact Details

Email po-hsin.lai@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 4921 6787

Office

Room X-738
Building NeW Space
Location City Campus

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