Associate Professor Mark Rubin

Associate Professor Mark Rubin

Associate Professor

School of Psychology (Psychology)

In a class of his own

Social psychologist Dr Mark Rubin looks at the way in which individuals act in groups, and the way those groups interact in society, in order to understand the motivations behind choices and action.

Mark’s research focuses on the social psychological processes that underpin social identity, stereotyping, prejudice, and social exclusion. He has authored over 50 major research publications in this area.

“I began by looking at broader issues such as stereotyping and prejudice, like why are people racist, why are they prejudiced,” Mark explains.

“More recently, I have been looking at social psychology in education, at social class differences in higher education, as well as applying social psychology to risk taking and urban planning.”

His research in areas such as intergroup contact, social exclusion, migration, and stereotyping have provided insight on the cognitive and motivational factors influencing the choices of many Australians.

CATEGORISING DIFFERENCE

Mark’s work on prejudice has identified cognitive and motivational factors that predict bias. He explains that one of the triggers for prejudice can be low self-esteem.

“When people say they don’t like a member of another group, it makes them feel that their own group is better, and this makes them feel good about themselves,” he says.

An extension of this work is looking at stereotyping, or why people from one group see members of their group as heterogeneous, while also seeing members of another group as all the same.

Mark has a specific interest in prejudice against migrants. Interestingly, he does not believe this prejudice comes from not liking a person because of their country of origin, but instead may be a reflection of a more base instinct in humans to ease anxiety by creating order through keeping everything in neat categories.

“People have a need for categories to be neat and orderly with everything in its right place. If things get untidy and categories are mixed up because, for example, people are migrating from one country to another, then it can create anxiety in some people, which can be expressed in prejudice,” he explains.

SOCIAL INTEGRATION AT UNI

Mark, who has generated a great body of work looking at social class differences in higher education, speculates that location, the availability of enabling courses and perceptions on the part of working-class students dictate the choice of where to study. But his research is more focused on what happens when working-class students get to university.

Despite the support put in place by institutions such as the UON to redress class-generated inequities, working-class students may still struggle to integrate.

“We find that these students often don't feel like they ‘fit in’, which is problematic for a number of reasons,” Mark says.

“Having friends at university helps, because they’ll tell you when the deadline is, teach you what you may have missed, or be a shoulder to cry on when you don’t do so well.”

Mark and a professional doctorate student have found that parenting style acts as a mediator variable between social class and social integration at university. Students who self-reported being smacked and disciplined harshly were less likely to integrate at university than those who reported their parents being less authoritarian.

“Perhaps students who are disciplined harshly do not develop the interpersonal skills that allow you to mix in with other people as well, skills that facilitate social integration at university,” Mark speculates.

CLASS DIFFERENCES IN HEALTH

Together with his current postgraduate students, Mark is exploring the relationship between social class and mental and physical health.

“Usually you find there is a positive relationship between social class and mental health. The higher your social class, the better your mental and physical health,” Mark explains.

Mark’s students are investigating social class differences in social integration and even sleep patterns as potential explanations for these mental and physical health differences.

MINING INFORMATION

Mark has recently commenced a major project with UON colleagues Dr Anna Giacomini and Professor Brian Kelly on risk taking by Australian miners. Surveying more than 1,000 open-cut and underground miners from Queensland and New South Wales will hopefully shed light on factors that predict conscious and unconscious risk taking at work.

The second phase of the project will involve the design and implementation of interventions aimed at preventing workplace injury.

Another applied project Mark is working on, with Dr Tessa Morrison from the School of Architecture and Built Environment, is looking at people’s evaluation of cities. Data is being collected from Newcastle, Sydney, Paris and Istanbul to inform future urban planning.

GUIDED LEARNING

Mark completed his undergraduate degree in psychology at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in the UK. A Masters degree in social psychology from the London School of Economics followed. Accepting a position as a research assistant at the University of Wales in Cardiff ultimately resulted in a scholarship to complete his PhD under eminent social psychology scholar Professor Miles Hewstone.

Mark came to the University of Newcastle in 2001 and immersed himself in campus life, undertaking many extra duties within his faculty and others, from International Student Liaison Officer through to Student Academic Conduct Officer.

His passion for enabling students to succeed and work hard has won him several teaching awards.

He has prepared and posted several online student guides on how to do everything from critically analysing an academic paper to making a research poster. Mark is constantly receiving positive feedback about his student guides.

“People swear by them. They always send me nice emails saying thank you for this, you’ve been a big help, which is really great,” he says, smiling.

In a class of his own

Social psychologist Dr Mark Rubin looks at the way in which individuals act in groups, and the way those groups interact in society, in order to understand the

Read more

Career Summary

Biography

A/Prof Mark Rubin is a social psychologist in the School of Psychology at the University of Newcastle. The 2018 Excellence in Research for Australia assessment rated the School’s research as “well above world standard” in the areas of psychology and cognitive science, placing the School in the top third of psychology departments in Australia. The University is ranked in the top 1% of universities in the world and in the top 10 of universities in Australia (QS World University Rankings, 2020; Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2017-18).

RESEARCH

Mark’s research focuses on the social psychological processes that underpin social identity, stereotyping, prejudice, and social exclusion. He has authored over 80 major research publications in this area. His work has been cited over 5,500 times, and he has an h index of 25.

Mark’s work in the area of social identity includes several highly-cited articles that defend social identity theory against its critics and call for more sophisticated tests of its hypotheses. In the area of stereotyping, he has identified new processes that explain why people perceive members of social groups to be “all the same.” His work on prejudice has identified cognitive and motivational factors that predict bias against “category-inconsistent” people such as migrants and counterstereotypical individuals. Working with Stefania Paolini, he has also shown that negative intergroup contact is a more powerful predictor of out-group attitudes than positive intergroup contact. In the area of social exclusion, he has identified personality, motivational, and resource-related variables that predict social integration and exclusion, including the integration of migrants and the exclusion of working-class students from social life at university. Mark has also published work on issues surrounding the replication crisis in psychology and beyond, including significance testing, HARKing, and the effectiveness of preregistration. For more information about Mark's research, please visit his Research Website.

TEACHING

Mark has won several awards for his teaching, including:

- the Newcastle University Postgraduate Students Association (2018) Supervisor of the Year Award,

- the University of Newcastle Faculty of Science and Information Technology’s (2014) Academic Staff Excellence Award,

- the Australian Government’s Office for Teaching and Learning (2013) Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning, and

- the University of Newcastle Vice-Chancellor’s (2011) Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning.

Based on undergraduate feedback surveys, students regard Mark as a knowledgeable and well-prepared teacher who explains things clearly and who provides well-structured course and lecture material.

Mark has been the principal supervisor of five PhD student completions and 65 final-year undergraduate student research project completions. He has also co-supervised one professional doctorate student and two Masters students to completion. He is currently the principal supervisor of three PhD students and the co-supervisor of three PhD students and two Masters students.

SERVICE

- Associate Editor, Journal of Theoretical Social Psychology (2017 - Present)

- Deputy Head of the School of Psychology's Social and Organisational Research Group (2014 – 2018)

- Member of the School of Psychology’s Research Training Subcommittee (2009–2010; 2014 – 2018)

- School of Psychology’s Student Academic Conduct Officer, Callaghan Campus (2011 – 2013)



PUBLICATIONS

To download full-text versions of the following papers, please visit Mark's Research Website.

Badu, E., O’Brien, A. P., Mitchell, R., Rubin, M., James, C., McNeil, K., Nguyen, K., & Giles, M. (in press/accepted 28/08/19). Workplace stress and resilience in the Australian nursing workforce: A comprehensive integrative review. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing.

Zanon, C., Baptista, M. N., Vogel, D. L., Brenner, R. E., Rubin, M., Al-Darmaki, F. R., Gonçalves, M., Heath, P. J., Liao, H. Y., Mackenzie, C. S., Topkaya, N., Wade, N. G., & Zlati, Z. (in press/accepted 03/09/19). Examining the dimensionality, reliability, and invariance of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) across eight countries. Assessment.

Graf, S., Paolini, S., & Rubin, M. (2019). Does intimacy counteract or amplify the detrimental effects of negative intergroup contact on attitudes? Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430218767026

Hutton, A., Prichard, I., Whitehead, D., Thomas, S., Rubin, M., Sloand, E., Powell, T. W., Frisch, K., Newman, P. & Veenema, T. G. (2019). mHealth interventions to reduce alcohol use in young people: A systematic review of the literature. Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1080/24694193.2019.1616008

Nyoni, W., Pillay, M., Rubin, M., & Jeffries, M. (2019). The relationship between organizational factors and residual risk in the mining industry: A protocol for updating a systematic review. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Safety, 3, 29-37. https://doi.org/10.24840/2184-0954_003.002_0005

Owuamalam, C., Rubin, M., & Spears, R. (2019a). Is a system motive really necessary to explain the system justification effect? A response to Jost (2019) and Jost, Badaan, Goudarzi, Hoffarth, and Mogami (2019). British Journal of Social Psychology, 58, 362-381. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12323

Owuamalam, C. K., Rubin, M., & Spears, R. (2019b). Revisiting 25 years of the system motivation explanation for system justification from the perceptive of a social identity model of system attitudes. British Journal of Social Psychology, 58, 393-409. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12285

Rubin, M. (2019). What type of Type I error? Contrasting the Neyman-Pearson and Fisherian approaches in the context of exact and direct replications. Synthese. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-019-02433-0

Rubin, M., Evans, O., & McGuffog, R. (2019). Social class differences in social integration at university: Implications for academic outcomes and mental health. In J. Jetten, & K. Peters (Eds.), The social psychology of inequality (pp. 87-102). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28856-3_6

Rubin, M., Paolini, S., Subašić, E., & Giacomini, A. (2019). A confirmatory study of the relations between workplace sexism, sense of belonging, mental health, and job satisfaction in male-dominated industries. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 49, 267-282. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12577

Wright, C., & Rubin, M. (2019). Sexualized popular music and risky sexual behaviors among emerging adults from the United States and Australia. Howard Journal of Communications. https://doi.org/10.1080/10646175.2019.1567407

Vogel, D. L., Heath, P. J., Engel, K., E., Brenner, R. E., Strass, H. A., Al-Darmaki, F. R., Armstrong, P. I., Galbraith, N., Galbraith, V., Baptista, M. N., Gonçalves, M., Liao, H. –Y., Mackenzie, C., Mak, W. W. S., Rubin, M., Topkaya, N., Wang, Y. –F., & Zlati, A. (2019). Cross-cultural validation of the Perceptions of Stigmatization by Others for Seeking Help (PSOSH) scale. Stigma and Health, 4, 82-85 https://doi.org/10.1037/sah0000119

Nyoni, W., Pillay, M., Rubin, M., & Jefferies, M. (2018). Organizational factors, residual risk management and accident causation in the mining industry: A systematic literature review. In P. Arezes (Ed.), Proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors, July 21-25, 2018. Advances in Safety Management and Human Factors (Vol. 791, pp. 14-23). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-94589-7_2

Owuamalam, C. K., Rubin, M., & Spears, R. (2018). A critical review of the (un)conscious basis for system supporting attitudes of the disadvantaged. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 12, e12419. https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12419

Owuamalam, C. K., Rubin, M., & Spears, R. (2018). Addressing evidential and theoretical inconsistencies in system justification theory with a social identity model of system attitudes. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 27, 91-96. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721417737136

Rubin, M. (2018). Fear of self-annihilation and existential uncertainty as predictors of worldview defense: Comparing terror management and uncertainty theories. Journal of Social Psychology, 158, 298-308. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2017.1341375

Rubin, M., Scevak, J., Southgate, E., Macqueen, S., Williams, P., & Douglas, H. (2018). Older women, deeper learning, and greater satisfaction at university: Age and gender predict university students’ learning approach and degree satisfaction. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 11, 82-96. https://doi.org/10.1037/dhe0000042

Rubin, M., & Stuart, R. (2018). Kill or cure? Different types of social class identification amplify and buffer the relation between social class and mental health. Journal of Social Psychology, 158, 236-251. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2017.1327405

Badea, C., Tavani, J. -L., Rubin, M., & Meyer, T. (2017). Self-affirmation, political value congruence, and support for refugees. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 47, 355-365. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12441

Evans, N. J., Rae, B., Bushmakin, M., Rubin, M., & Brown, S. D. (2017). Need for closure is associated with urgency in perceptual decision-making. Memory & Cognition, 45, 1193-1205. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-017-0718-z

Harwood, J., Joyce, N., Chen, C-Y., Paolini, S., Xiang, J., & Rubin, M. (2017). Effects of past and present intergroup communication on perceived fit of an outgroup member and desire for future intergroup contact. Communication Research, 44, 530-555. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093650214565926

Owuamalam, C. K., Paolini, S., & Rubin, M. (2017). Socially creative appraisals of rejection bolster ethnic migrants’ subjective well-being. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 47, 366-376. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12444

Owuamalam, C. K., & Rubin, M. (2017). Fuming with rage! Do members of low status groups signal anger more than members of high status groups? Scandinavian Journal of Social Psychology, 58, 458-467. https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12388

Owuamalam, C. K., Rubin, M., Spears, R., & Weerabangsa, M. M. (2017). Why do people from low-status groups support class systems that disadvantage them? A test of two mainstream explanations in Malaysia and Australia. Journal of Social Issues, 73, 73-91. https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12205

Rubin, M. (2017). An evaluation of four solutions to the forking paths problem: Adjusted alpha, preregistration, sensitivity analyses, and abandoning the Neyman-Pearson approach. Review of General Psychology, 21, 321-329. https://doi.org/10.1037/gpr0000135

Rubin, M. (2017). Do p values lose their meaning in exploratory analyses? It depends how you define the familywise error rate. Review of General Psychology, 21, 269-275. https://doi.org/10.1037/gpr0000123

Rubin, M. (2017). Towards a multiple motives meta-theory for social psychology. Journal of Theoretical Social Psychology, 1, 15-20. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts5.3

Rubin, M. (2017). When does HARKing hurt? Identifying when different types of undisclosed post hoc hypothesizing harm scientific progress. Review of General Psychology, 21, 308-320. https://doi.org/10.1037/gpr0000128

Rubin, M., Badea, C., Condie, J., Mahfud, Y., Morrison, T., & Peker, M. (2017). Individual differences in collectivism predict city identification and city evaluation in Australian, French, and Turkish cities. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 50, 9-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2017.01.007

Rubin, M., Subašić, E., Giacomini, A., & Paolini, S. (2017). An exploratory study of the relations between women miners’ gender-based workplace issues and their mental health and job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 47, 400-411. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12448

Rubin, M., & Wright, C. L. (2017). Time and money explain social class differences in students’ social integration at university. Studies in Higher Education, 42, 315-330. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2015.1045481

Vogel, D. L., Strass, H. A., Heath, P. J., Al-Darmaki, F. R., Armstrong, P. I., Baptista, M. N., Brenner, R. E., Gonçalves, M., Lannin, D. G., Liao, H. -Y., Mackenzie, C. S., Mak, W. W. S., Rubin, M., Topkaya, N., Wade, N. G., Wang, Y. -F, & Zlati, A. (2017). Stigma of seeking psychological services: Examining college students across ten countries/regions. The Counseling Psychologist, 45, 170-192. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000016671411

Wright, C., & Rubin, M. (2017). “Get lucky!” Sexual content in music lyrics, videos and social media and sexual cognitions and risk among emerging adults in the USA and Australia. Sex Education, 17, 41-56. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681811.2016.1242402

Madsen, K. R., Damsgaard, M. T., Rubin, M., Jervelund, S. S., Lasgaard, M., Walsh, S., Gonneke G. W. J. M. Stevens, & Holstein, B. E. (2016). Loneliness and ethnic composition of the school class: A nationally random sample of adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45, 1350-1365. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0432-3

Martiny, S. E., & Rubin, M. (2016). Towards a clearer understanding of social identity theory’s self-esteem hypothesis. In S. McKeown, R. Haji, & N. Ferguson (Eds.), Understanding peace and conflict through social identity theory: Contemporary global perspectives (pp. 19-32). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29869-6_2

Morrison, T., & Rubin, M. (2016). Do Utopian city designs from the social reform literature of the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries resonate with a modern audience? Journal of Architecture and Urbanism, 40, 35-46. https://doi.org/10.3846/20297955.2016.1163244

Owuamalam, C. K., Rubin, M., & Issmer, C. (2016). Reactions to group devaluation and social inequity: A comparison of social identity and system justification predictions. Cogent Psychology, 3, 1188442. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311908.2016.1188442

Owuamalam, C. K., Rubin, M., & Spears, R. (2016). The system justification conundrum: Re-examining the cognitive dissonance basis for system justification. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:1889. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01889

Owuamalam, C. K., Weerabangsa, M. M., Karunagharan, J. K., & Rubin, M. (2016). Chip on the shoulder? The hunchback heuristic predicts the attribution of anger to low status groups and calm to high status groups. Cogent Psychology, 3, 1210998. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311908.2016.1210998

Owuamalam, C. K., Wong, K. X., & Rubin, M. (2016). Chubby but cheerful? Investigating the compensatory judgments of high, medium, and low status weight groups in an Asian culture. Cogent Psychology, 3, 118841. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311908.2016.1188441

Rubin, M., Evans, O., & Wilkinson, R. B. (2016). A longitudinal study of the relations between university students’ subjective social status, social contact with university friends, and mental health and well-being. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 35, 722-737. https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2016.35.9.722

Rubin, M., Milanov, M., & Paolini, S. (2016). Uncovering the diverse cultural bases of social identity: In-group ties predict self-stereotyping among individualists but not among collectivists. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 19, 225-234. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajsp.12137

Rubin, M., & Kelly, B. M. (2015). A cross-sectional investigation of parenting style and friendship as mediators of the relation between social class and mental health in a university community. International Journal for Equity in Health, 14:87, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-015-0227-2

Rubin, M., & Wright, C. L. (2015). Age differences explain social class differences in students’ friendship at university: Implications for transition and retention. Higher Education, 70, 427-439. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-014-9844-8

Zinko, R., & Rubin, M. (2015). Personal reputation and the organization. Journal of Management and Organization, 21, 217-236. https://doi.org/10.1017/jmo.2014.76

Graf, S., Paolini, S., & Rubin, M. (2014). Negative intergroup contact is more influential, but positive intergroup contact is more common: Assessing contact prominence and contact prevalence in five Central European countries. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 536-547. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2052

Milanov, M., Rubin, M., & Paolini, S. (2014). Constructing and validating a new measure of ingroup identification. Annuaire de L’Université de Sofia “St. Kliment Ohridski”. Faculte de Philosophie, 104, 71-94. http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1261

Milanov, M., Rubin, M., & Paolini, S. (2014). Different types of ingroup identification: A comprehensive review, an integrative model, and implications for future research. Psicologia Sociale, 3, 205-232. https://doi.org/10.1482/78347

Owuamalam, C. K., & Rubin, M. (2014). When do low status groups help high status groups? The moderating effects of ingroup identification, audience group membership, and perceived reputational benefit. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2, 289-312. https://doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v2i1.33

Paolini, S., Harwood, J., Rubin, M., Husnu, S., Joyce, N., & Hewstone, M. (2014). Positive and extensive intergroup contact in the past buffers against the disproportionate impact of negative contact in the present. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 548-562. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2029

Rubin, M., Badea, C., & Jetten, J. (2014). Low status groups show in-group favoritism to compensate for their low status and to compete for higher status. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 17, 563-576. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430213514122

Rubin, M., Denson, N., Kilpatrick, S., Matthews, K. E., Stehlik, T., & Zyngier, D. (2014). “I am working-class:” Subjective self-definition as a missing measure of social class and socioeconomic status in higher education research. Educational Researcher, 43, 196-200. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X14528373

Rubin, M., & Morrison, T. (2014). Individual differences in individualism and collectivism predict ratings of virtual cities’ liveability and environmental quality. The Journal of General Psychology, 141, 348-372. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221309.2014.938721

Rubin, M., & Paolini, S. (2014). Out-group flies in the in-group’s ointment: Evidence of the motivational underpinnings of the in-group overexclusion effect. Social Psychology, 45, 265-273. https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000171

Southgate, E. L., Douglas, H., Scevak, J. J., MacQueen, S. E., Rubin, M., & Lindell, C. (2014). The academic outcomes of first-in-family in an Australian university: An exploratory study. International Studies in Widening Participation, 1, 31-45. https://novaojs.newcastle.edu.au/ceehe/index.php/iswp/article/view/12/pdf_12

Milanov, M., Rubin, M., & Paolini, S. (2013). Adult attachment styles as predictors of different types of ingroup identification. Bulgarian Journal of Psychology, 1-4, 175-186.

Rubin, M. (2013). “It wasn’t my idea to come here!”: Ownership of the idea to immigrate as a function of gender, age, and culture. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37, 497-501. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2013.02.001

Rubin, M., Paolini, S., & Crisp, R. J. (2013). Linguistic description moderates the evaluations of counterstereotypical people. Social Psychology, 44, 289-298. https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000114

Badea, C., Brauer, M., & Rubin, M. (2012). The effects of winning and losing on perceived group variability. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 1094-1099. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2012.03.006

Barlow, F. K., Paolini, S., Pedersen, A., Hornsey, M. J., Radke, H. R. M., Harwood, J., Rubin, M., & Sibley, C. G. (2012). The contact caveat: Negative contact predicts increased prejudice more than positive contact predicts reduced prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38, 1629-1643. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167212457953

Milanov, M., Rubin, M., & Paolini, S. (2012). Types of ingroup identification as a function of group type. Annuaire de L’Université de Sofia “St. Kliment Ohridski”. Faculte de Philosophie, 103, 119-140. http://hdl.handle.net/10506/1152

Rubin, M. (2012). Group status is related to group prototypicality in the absence of social identity concerns. Journal of Social Psychology, 152, 386–389. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2011.614648

Rubin, M. (2012). Social class differences in social integration among students in higher education: A meta-analysis and recommendations for future research. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 5, 22-38. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026162

Rubin, M. (2012). Working-class students need more friends at university: A cautionary note for Australia’s higher education equity initiative. Higher Education Research and Development, 31, 431-433. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2012.689246

Rubin, M., & Badea, C. (2012). They’re all the same!...but for several different reasons: A review of the multicausal nature of perceived group variability. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 367-372. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721412457363

Rubin, M., Watt, S. E., & Ramelli, M. (2012). Immigrants’ social integration as a function of approach-avoidance orientation and problem-solving style. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36, 498-505. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2011.12.009

Harwood, J., Paolini, S., Joyce, N., Rubin, M., & Arroyo, A. (2011). Secondary transfer effects from imagined contact: Group similarity affects the generalization gradient. British Journal of Social Psychology, 50, 180-189. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466610X524263

Rubin, M. (2011). Social affiliation cues prime help-seeking intentions. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 43, 138-141. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0022246

Rubin, M., Paolini, S., & Crisp, R. J. (2011). The relationship between the need for closure and deviant bias: An investigation of generality and process. International Journal of Psychology, 46, 206-213. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207594.2010.537660

Paolini, S., Harwood, J., & Rubin, M. (2010). Negative intergroup contact makes group memberships salient: Explaining why intergroup conflict endures. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 1723-1738. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167210388667

Rubin, M., & Badea, C. (2010). The central tendency of a social group can affect ratings of its intragroup variability in the absence of social identity concerns. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 410-415. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2010.01.001

Rubin, M., Paolini, S., & Crisp, R. J. (2010). A processing fluency explanation of bias against migrants. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 21-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2009.09.006

Voci, A., Hewstone, M., Crisp, R. J., & Rubin, M. (2008). Majority, minority, and parity: Effects of gender and group size on perceived group variability. Social Psychology Quarterly, 71, 114-142. https://doi.org/10.1177/019027250807100203

Rubin, M., & Badea, C. (2007). Why do people perceive in-group homogeneity on in-group traits and out-group homogeneity on out-group traits? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 31-42. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167206293190

Paolini, S., Hewstone, M., Rubin, M., & Pay, H. (2004). Increased group dispersion after exposure to one deviant group member: Testing Hamburger’s model of member-to-group generalization. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 569-585. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2003.10.004

Rubin, M., & Hewstone, M. (2004). Social identity, system justification, and social dominance: Commentary on Reicher, Jost et al., and Sidanius et al. Political Psychology, 25, 823-844. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9221.2004.00400.x

Hewstone, M., Rubin, M., & Willis, H. (2002). Intergroup bias. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 575-604. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135109

Rubin, M., Hewstone, M., Crisp, R. J., Voci, A., & Richards, Z. (2004). Gender out-group homogeneity: The roles of differential familiarity, gender differences, and group size. In V. Yzerbyt, C. M. Judd, & O. Corneille (Eds.), The psychology of group perception: Perceived variability, entitativity, and essentialism (pp. 203-220). Psychology Press.

Crisp, R. J., Hewstone, M., & Rubin, M. (2001). Does multiple categorization reduce intergroup bias? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 76-89. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167201271007

Rubin, M., Hewstone, M., & Voci, A. (2001). Stretching the boundaries: Strategic perceptions of intragroup variability. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 413-429. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.51

Vescio, T. K., Hewstone, M., Crisp, R. J., & Rubin, J. M. (1999). Perceiving and responding to multiply categorizable individuals: Cognitive processes and affective intergroup bias. In D. Abrams & M. A. Hogg (Eds.), Social identity and social cognition (pp. 111-140). Blackwell

Rubin, M., & Hewstone, M. (1998). Social identity theory’s self-esteem hypothesis: A review and some suggestions for clarification. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2, 40-62. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327957pspr0201_3

 


Qualifications

  • PhD, University of Wales
  • Master of Science, University of London
  • Bachelor of Science, University of Newcastle upon Tyne - England

Keywords

  • Academic publishing
  • Group processes
  • Immigration and migration processes
  • In-group homogeneity
  • Independent and interdependent problem-solving
  • Intergroup conflict
  • Intergroup contact
  • Intergroup relations
  • Mental Health
  • Need for closure
  • Out-group homogeneity
  • Perceived group variability
  • Prejudice and discrimination
  • Processing fluency
  • Replication Crisis
  • Social class
  • Social identity
  • Social integration
  • Stereotyping

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
170113 Social and Community Psychology 100

Professional Experience

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/01/2017 -  Associate Professor Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle | Australia
Australia

Awards

Award

Year Award
2018 Supervisor of the Year
Newcastle University Postgraduate Students' Association (NUPSA)

Recognition

Year Award
2015 Future Research Leader
The University of Newcastle

Research Award

Year Award
2017 Misumi Award for Best Article Published in the Asian Journal of Social Psychology in 2016.
Asian Association of Social Psychology
2011 Emerging Research Leadership Program
The University of Newcastle
1997 Student Publication Award
Society for Personality and Social Psychology

Teaching Award

Year Award
2014 Staff Excellence Award
Faculty of Science and Information Technology,The University of Newcastle
2013 Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning
Commonwealth Office for Learning and Teaching
2011 Vice-Chancellor Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning
University of Newcastle
Edit

Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Chapter (5 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2019 Rubin J, Evans O, McGuffog R, 'Social Class Differences in Social Integration at University: Implications for Academic Outcomes and Mental Health', The Social Psychology of Inequality, Springer, Cham, Switzerland 87-102 (2019) [B1]
DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-28856-3_6
2018 Nyomi W, Pillay M, Rubin JM, Jefferies M, 'Organizational factors, residual risk management and accident causation in the mining industry: A systematic literature review.', Advances in Safety Management and Human Factors, Springer, Cham, Switzerland 14-23 (2018) [B1]
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-94589-7_2
Citations Scopus - 1
Co-authors Manikam Pillay, Marcus Jefferies, Wonder Nyoni Uon
2016 Martiny SE, Rubin JM, 'Towards a clearer understanding of social identity theory s self-esteem hypothesis.', Understanding peace and conflict through social identity theory: Contemporary global perspectives, Springer, Switzerland 19-32 (2016) [B1]
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-29869-6_2
2004 Rubin JM, Hewstone M, Crisp RJ, Voci A, Richards Z, 'Gender outgroup homogeneity: The roles of differential familiarity, gender differences, and group size', The psychology of group perception: Perceived variability, entatitivity, and essentialism, Psychology Press, New York 203-220 (2004) [B1]
Co-authors Miles Hewstone
1999 Vescio TK, Hewstone M, Crisp RJ, Rubin JM, 'Perceiving and responding to multiply categorizable individuals: Cognitive processes and affective intergroup bias.', , Blackwell, Cornwall, UK 111-140 (1999) [B1]
Show 2 more chapters

Journal article (75 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2019 Owuamalam CK, Rubin M, Spears R, 'Revisiting 25 years of system motivation explanation for system justification from the perspective of social identity model of system attitudes', British Journal of Social Psychology, 58 362-381 (2019)

© 2018 The British Psychological Society Do the disadvantaged have an autonomous system justification motivation that operates against their personal and group interests? System j... [more]

© 2018 The British Psychological Society Do the disadvantaged have an autonomous system justification motivation that operates against their personal and group interests? System justification theory (SJT; Jost & Banaji, 1994, Br. J. Soc. Psychol, 33, 1) proposes that they do and that this motivation helps to (1) reduce cognitive dissonance and associated uncertainties and (2) soothe the pain that is associated with knowing that one's group is subject to social inequality. However, 25¿years of research on this system justification motivation has given rise to several theoretical and empirical inconsistencies. The present article argues that these inconsistencies can be resolved by a social identity model of system attitudes (SIMSA; Owuamalam, Rubin, & Spears, 2018, Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci, 27, 91). SIMSA assumes that instances of system justification are often in alignment with (rather than opposed to) the interests of the disadvantaged. According to SIMSA, the disadvantaged may support social systems (1) in order to acknowledge social reality, (2) when they perceive the wider social system to constitute a superordinate ingroup, and (3) because they hope to improve their ingroup's status through existing channels in the long run. These propositions are corroborated by existing and emerging evidence. We conclude that SIMSA offers a more coherent and parsimonious explanation for system justification than does SJT.

DOI 10.1111/bjso.12285
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 5
2019 Rubin M, 'What type of Type I error? Contrasting the Neyman-Pearson and Fisherian approaches in the context of exact and direct replications', SYNTHESE, (2019)
DOI 10.1007/s11229-019-02433-0
2019 Owuamalam CK, Rubin M, Spears R, 'Is a system motive really necessary to explain the system justification effect? A response to Jost (2019) and Jost, Badaan, Goudarzi, Hoffarth, and Mogami (2019)', British Journal of Social Psychology, 58 393-409 (2019) [C1]

© 2019 The British Psychological Society The debate between the proponents of SIMSA and SJT does not pivot on whether system justification occurs ¿ we all agree that system justif... [more]

© 2019 The British Psychological Society The debate between the proponents of SIMSA and SJT does not pivot on whether system justification occurs ¿ we all agree that system justification does occur. The issue is why it occurs? System justification theory (SJT; Jost & Banaji, 1994, British Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 1) assumes that system justification is motivated by a special system justification motive. In contrast, the social identity model of system attitudes (SIMSA; Owuamalam, Rubin, & Spears, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 27, 2) argues that there is insufficient conclusive evidence for this special system motive, and that system justification can be explained in terms of social identity motives, including the motivation to accurately reflect social reality and the search for a positive social identity. Here, we respond to criticisms of SIMSA, including criticisms of its social reality, ingroup bias, and hope for future ingroup status explanations of system justification. We conclude that SJT theorists should decide whether system justification is oppositional to, or compatible with social identity motives, and that this dilemma could be resolved by relinquishing the theoretically problematic notion of a system justification motivation.

DOI 10.1111/bjso.12323
2019 Hutton A, Prichard I, Whitehead D, Thomas S, Rubin M, Sloand E, et al., 'mHealth Interventions to Reduce Alcohol Use in Young People: A Systematic Review of the Literature', Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing, 1-32 (2019)
DOI 10.1080/24694193.2019.1616008
Co-authors Alison Hutton
2019 Nyoni W, Pillay M, Rubin M, Jefferies M, 'The relationship between organizational factors and residual risk in the mining industry a protocol for updating a systematic review', International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Safety, 3 29-37 (2019)
DOI 10.2480/2184-0954_003.002_0005
Co-authors Marcus Jefferies, Manikam Pillay, Wonder Nyoni Uon
2019 Rubin J, Paolini S, Subasic E, Giacomini A, 'A confirmatory study of the relations between workplace sexism, sense of belonging, mental health, and job satisfaction in male-dominated industries', Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 49 267-267 (2019) [C1]
DOI 10.1111/jasp.12577
Co-authors Stefania Paolini, Anna Giacomini, Emina Subasic
2018 Rubin JM, Stuart R, 'Kill or cure? Different types of social class identification amplify and buffer the relation between social class and mental health.', JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 158 236-251 (2018) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/00224545.2017.1327405
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
2018 Rubin M, 'Fear of self-annihilation and existential uncertainty as predictors of worldview defense: Comparing terror management and uncertainty theories', Journal of Social Psychology, 158 298-308 (2018) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/00224545.2017.1341375
2018 Owuamalam CK, Rubin M, Spears R, 'Addressing Evidential and Theoretical Inconsistencies in System-Justification Theory with a Social Identity Model of System Attitudes', Current Directions in Psychological Science, 27 91-96 (2018) [C1]

© 2018, © The Author(s) 2018. System-justification theory (SJT) proposes that people have an inherent motive to support societal systems, even at the expense of their personal and... [more]

© 2018, © The Author(s) 2018. System-justification theory (SJT) proposes that people have an inherent motive to support societal systems, even at the expense of their personal and group interests. However, the evidence for this system-justification motive is mixed, and a close examination of the relevant propositions yields some important theoretical inconsistencies. To address this mixed evidence and theoretical inconsistency, we introduce a social identity model of system attitudes (SIMSA). SIMSA integrates a cluster of different social identity processes and proposes that system justification can occur among members of low-status groups (a) because of a passive reflection of social reality, (b) as a form of in-group bias (at the superordinate level), and (c) in the hope that in-group advancement is possible in the future within the prevailing system. We conclude that SIMSA provides a more comprehensive and theoretically consistent explanation of system justification than SJT.

DOI 10.1177/0963721417737136
Citations Scopus - 9Web of Science - 8
2018 Owuamalam CK, Rubin M, Spears R, 'A critical review of the (un)conscious basis for system-supporting attitudes of the disadvantaged', SOCIAL AND PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY COMPASS, 12 (2018) [C1]
DOI 10.1111/spc3.12419
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
2018 Rubin JM, Scevak J, Southgate E, Macqueen S, Williams P, Douglas H, 'Older women, deeper learning, and greater satisfaction at university: Age and gender predict university students learning approach and degree satisfaction.', Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 11 82-96 (2018) [C1]
DOI 10.1037/dhe0000042
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 4
Co-authors Jill Scevak, Erica Southgate, Suzanne Macqueen, Heather Douglas
2018 Graf S, Paolini S, Rubin JM, 'Does intimacy counteract or amplify the detrimental effects of negative intergroup contact on attitudes?', Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, (2018)
DOI 10.1177/1368430218767026
Citations Scopus - 3
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2017 Rubin JM, Subasic E, Giacomini A, Paolini S, 'An exploratory study of the relations between women miners' gender-based workplace issues and their mental health and job satisfaction', JOURNAL OF APPLIED SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 47 400-411 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.1111/jasp.12448
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 2
Co-authors Emina Subasic, Stefania Paolini, Anna Giacomini
2017 Rubin M, Badea C, Condie J, Mahfud Y, Morrison T, Peker M, 'Individual differences in collectivism predict city identification and city evaluation in Australian, French, and Turkish cities', Journal of Environmental Psychology, 50 9-16 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.jenvp.2017.01.007
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
2017 Owuamalam CK, Rubin M, Spears R, Weerabangsa MMA, 'Why Do People from Low-Status Groups Support Class Systems that Disadvantage Them? A Test of Two Mainstream Explanations in Malaysia and Australia', Journal of Social Issues, 73 80-98 (2017) [C1]

© 2017 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues The recent global recession revealed a huge social-class divide between the economic outcomes of the affluent and t... [more]

© 2017 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues The recent global recession revealed a huge social-class divide between the economic outcomes of the affluent and their less endowed counterparts. Although this divide has bred social unrest in some societies, in many others such disturbances have been absent. Two mainstream theories of intergroup relations offer competing propositions for this paradox. System-justification theory (SJT) proposes that people from lower status groups are most likely to support class systems that disadvantage them when their group interests are weak. In contrast, we put forward an explanation based on social identity theory (SIT) that proposes that class-system justification is an identity-management strategy that should be most apparent amongst individuals from lower-status groups when group interests are strong. Results from three experiments (combined N = 626), conducted in Malaysia and Australia, which varied subjective social class, provided stronger support for the SIT-based explanation that lower-status individuals endorse societal class systems more strongly when group interests are strong (Studies 1 a-b) and when the class system is perceived to be unstable in the long-term (Study 2).

DOI 10.1111/josi.12205
Citations Scopus - 16Web of Science - 15
2017 Wright CL, Rubin JM, ' Get lucky! Sexual content in music lyrics, videos and social media and sexual cognitions and risk among emerging adults in the USA and Australia.', Sex Education: sexuality, society and learning, 17 41-56 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/14681811.2016.1242402
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 1
2017 Evans NJ, Rae B, Bushmakin M, Rubin M, Brown SD, 'Need for closure is associated with urgency in perceptual decision-making', Memory and Cognition, 45 1193-1205 (2017) [C1]

© 2017, Psychonomic Society, Inc. Constant decision-making underpins much of daily life, from simple perceptual decisions about navigation through to more complex decisions about ... [more]

© 2017, Psychonomic Society, Inc. Constant decision-making underpins much of daily life, from simple perceptual decisions about navigation through to more complex decisions about important life events. At many scales, a fundamental task of the decision-maker is to balance competing needs for caution and urgency: fast decisions can be more efficient, but also more often wrong. We show how a single mathematical framework for decision-making explains the urgency/caution balance across decision-making at two very different scales. This explanation has been applied at the level of neuronal circuits (on a time scale of hundreds of milliseconds) through to the level of stable personality traits (time scale of years).

DOI 10.3758/s13421-017-0718-z
Citations Scopus - 14Web of Science - 8
Co-authors Scott Brown
2017 Rubin M, Wright CL, 'Time and money explain social class differences in students social integration at university', Studies in Higher Education, 42 315-330 (2017) [C1]

© 2015 Society for Research into Higher Education. Working-class students tend to be less socially integrated at university than middle-class students. The present research invest... [more]

© 2015 Society for Research into Higher Education. Working-class students tend to be less socially integrated at university than middle-class students. The present research investigated two potential reasons for this working-class social exclusion effect. First, working-class students may have fewer finances available to participate in social activities. Second, working-class students tend to be older than middle-class students and, consequently, they are likely to have more work and/or childcare commitments. These additional commitments may prevent them from attending campus which, in turn, reduces their opportunity for social integration. These predictions were confirmed among undergraduate students at an Australian university (N = 433) and a US university (N = 416). Strategies for increasing working-class students' social integration at university are discussed.

DOI 10.1080/03075079.2015.1045481
Citations Scopus - 10Web of Science - 11
2017 Owuamalam CK, Rubin M, 'Fuming with rage! Do members of low status groups signal anger more than members of high status groups?', Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 58 458-467 (2017) [C1]

© 2017 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd Owuamalam, Weerabangsa, Karunagharan and Rubin found that Malaysians associate people in low status ... [more]

© 2017 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd Owuamalam, Weerabangsa, Karunagharan and Rubin found that Malaysians associate people in low status groups with anger more than their higher status counterparts: the hunchback heuristic. But is this belief accurate? Here, we propose the alternative possibility that members of low-status groups might deliberately suppress anger to counter this stigma, while members of high-status groups might disinhibit their anger to assert their superiority. To test these propositions, we manipulated undergraduate students¿ relative group status by leading them to believe that provocative comments about their undergraduate social identity came from a professor (low-status condition) or a junior foundation year student (high-status condition). Using eye-tracking, we then measured their gaze durations on the comments, which we used as a physiological signal of anger: dwelling (Experiment 1). Results revealed that dwelling was significantly greater in the high-status condition than in the low-status condition. Experiment 2 conceptually replicated this pattern using a self-report method and found that the suppression-disinhibition effect occurred only when reputational concerns were strong.

DOI 10.1111/sjop.12388
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
2017 Rubin M, 'Do p values lose their meaning in exploratory analyses? It depends how you define the familywise error rate', Review of General Psychology, 21 269-275 (2017) [C1]

© 2017 American Psychological Association. Several researchers have recently argued that p values lose their meaning in exploratory analyses due to an unknown inflation of the alp... [more]

© 2017 American Psychological Association. Several researchers have recently argued that p values lose their meaning in exploratory analyses due to an unknown inflation of the alpha level (e.g., Nosek & Lakens, 2014; Wagenmakers, 2016). For this argument to be tenable, the familywise error rate must be defined in relation to the number of hypotheses that are tested in the same study or article. Under this conceptualization, the familywise error rate is usually unknowable in exploratory analyses because it is usually unclear how many hypotheses have been tested on a spontaneous basis and then omitted from the final research report. In the present article, I argue that it is inappropriate to conceptualize the familywise error rate in relation to the number of hypotheses that are tested. Instead, it is more appropriate to conceptualize familywise error in relation to the number of different tests that are conducted on the same null hypothesis in the same study. Under this conceptualization, alpha-level adjustments in exploratory analyses are (a) less necessary and (b) objectively verifiable. As a result, p values do not lose their meaning in exploratory analyses.

DOI 10.1037/gpr0000123
Citations Scopus - 18Web of Science - 20
2017 Rubin M, 'Towards a multiple motives meta-theory for social psychology', Journal of Theoretical Social Psychology, 1 15-20 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.1002/jts5.3
2017 Vogel DL, Strass HA, Heath PJ, Al-Darmaki FR, Armstrong PI, Baptista MN, et al., 'Stigma of Seeking Psychological Services: Examining College Students Across Ten Countries/Regions', Counseling Psychologist, 45 170-192 (2017) [C1]

© Division of Counseling Psychology of the American Psychological Association. Stigma is an important barrier to seeking psychological services worldwide. Two types of stigma exis... [more]

© Division of Counseling Psychology of the American Psychological Association. Stigma is an important barrier to seeking psychological services worldwide. Two types of stigma exist: public stigma and self-stigma. Scholars have argued that public stigma leads to self-stigma, and then self-stigma is the primary predictor of attitudes toward seeking psychological services. However, this assertion is largely limited to U.S. samples. The goal of this research was to provide a first step in understanding the relationship between public stigma, self-stigma, and attitudes toward seeking psychological services in international contexts (N = 3,276; Australia, Brazil, Canada, Hong Kong, Portugal, Romania, Taiwan, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, and United States). Using structural equation modeling, we found that self-stigma mediated the relationship between public stigma and attitudes toward seeking services among college students in each country and region. However, differences in path strengths emphasize the need to pay attention to the role of public and self-stigma on attitudes toward seeking psychological services throughout the world.

DOI 10.1177/0011000016671411
Citations Scopus - 13Web of Science - 14
2017 Rubin JM, 'When does HARKing hurt? Identifying when different types of undisclosed post hoc hypothesizing harm scientific progress.', REVIEW OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, 21 308-320 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.1037/gpr0000128
Citations Scopus - 10Web of Science - 8
2017 Rubin JM, 'An evaluation of four solutions to the forking paths problem: Adjusted alpha, preregistration, sensitivity analyses, and abandoning the Neyman-Pearson approach.', REVIEW OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, 21 321-329 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.1037/gpr0000135
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2
2017 Owuamalam CK, Paolini S, Rubin M, 'Socially creative appraisals of rejection bolster ethnic migrants' subjective well-being', Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 47 366-376 (2017) [C1]

© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc We examined a proposition based on social identity theory that socially creative appraisals of rejection can boost the well-being of strongly identif... [more]

© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc We examined a proposition based on social identity theory that socially creative appraisals of rejection can boost the well-being of strongly identifying ethnic migrants. We piloted this proposition amongst women (N = 80) and found that strong (but not weak) group identifiers who considered the positive views that society holds about their social identity reported higher subjective wellbeing (self-esteem) relative to those who dwelt on rejection. In a subsequent field experiment (N = 179) conducted amongst ethnic migrants in London, we added a further social creativity treatment in which participants were encouraged to consider how they would view immigrants if they were native British (accommodation). Results revealed that the two social creativity mindsets (accommodation and positive) combined: (a) reduced perceptions of social rejection and increased optimism over the openness and fairness of society relative to a rejection mindset, (b) enhanced the self-esteem of strongly (but not weakly) identified ethnic migrants, and (c) enhanced ethnic migrant's wellbeing by minimizing the recall of social rejection and by strengthening optimism over the host society's openness and fairness. Implications for social change are discussed.

DOI 10.1111/jasp.12444
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 6
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2017 Badea C, Tavani JL, Rubin M, Meyer T, 'Self-affirmation, political value congruence, and support for refugees', Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 47 355-365 (2017) [C1]

© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc This research tested the potential for self-affirmation on left- and right-wing political values to increase behavioral intentions to provide help an... [more]

© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc This research tested the potential for self-affirmation on left- and right-wing political values to increase behavioral intentions to provide help and assistance to refugees. We present a pilot study defining left- and right-wing values, and a main study in which participants completed either a self-affirmation task, a group-affirmation task, or participated in a control condition on values that were either congruent or incongruent with their own political views. Results show that left-wing oriented participants showed more supportive intentions in the self-affirmation condition compared to the group-affirmation and control conditions, independent of values congruency. In contrast, right-wing participants showed more supportive intentions in the self-affirmation condition, but only when they affirmed on values that were congruent with their own political views.

DOI 10.1111/jasp.12441
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 5
2017 Harwood J, Joyce N, Chen C-Y, Paolini S, Xiang J, Rubin M, 'Effects of Past and Present Intergroup Communication on Perceived Fit of an Outgroup Member and Desire for Future Intergroup Contact', Communication Research, 44 530-555 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/0093650214565926
Citations Scopus - 13Web of Science - 12
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2016 Rubin JM, Owuamalam C, Spears R, 'The system justification conundrum: Re-examining the cognitive dissonance basis for system justification.', Frontiers in Psychology, 7 (2016)
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01889
Citations Scopus - 14Web of Science - 14
2016 Morrison T, Rubin JM, 'Do utopian city designs from the social reform literature of the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries resonate with a modern audience?', Journal of Architecture and Urbanism, 40 35-35 (2016) [C1]
DOI 10.3846/20297955.2016.1163244
2016 Madsen KR, Damsgaard MT, Rubin M, Jervelund SS, Lasgaard M, Walsh S, et al., 'Loneliness and Ethnic Composition of the School Class: A Nationally Random Sample of Adolescents', Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45 1350-1365 (2016) [C1]
DOI 10.1007/s10964-016-0432-3
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 4
2016 Rubin M, Milanov M, Paolini S, 'Uncovering the diverse cultural bases of social identity: Ingroup ties predict self-stereotyping among individualists but not among collectivists', Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 19 225-234 (2016) [C1]

© 2016 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd, Asian Association of Social Psychology and Beijing Normal University On what basis do people form their social identities? To invest... [more]

© 2016 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd, Asian Association of Social Psychology and Beijing Normal University On what basis do people form their social identities? To investigate this issue, the present research investigates cross-cultural differences in self-stereotyping, a key outcome of social identification. In particular, the research tests the hypothesis that ingroup ties are a stronger predictor of self-stereotyping among people from individualist cultures than among people from collectivist cultures. In Study 1, university students (N = 117) completed measures of ingroup ties and self-stereotyping with respect to an intimacy group (family and friends). Consistent with predictions, ingroup ties significantly predicted self-stereotyping among individualists but not among collectivists. Study 2 (N = 104) found a similar pattern of results among members of the global internet community who considered either an intimacy group (their friends), a task group (their work group) or a social category (their gender). These results indicate that people in individualist cultures are more likely than those in collectivist cultures to base their social identities on ingroup ties. The implications of these results are discussed in relation to self-categorization theory's depersonalization account of social identification.

DOI 10.1111/ajsp.12137
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2016 Owuamalam C, Xin WK, Rubin JM, 'Chubby but cheerful? Investigating the compensatory judgments of high, medium, and low status weight groups in Malaysia', Cogent Psychology, 3 (2016) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/23311908.2016.1188441
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 3
2016 Owuamalam CK, Rubin JM, Issmer C, 'Reactions to group devaluation and social inequality: A comparison of social identity and system justification predictions', Cogent Psychology, 3 (2016) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/23311908.2016.1188442
Citations Scopus - 16Web of Science - 14
2016 Rubin JM, Evans O, Wilkinson R, 'A longitudinal study of the relations between university students subjective social status, social contact with university friends, and mental health and well-being.', Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 35 722-737 (2016) [C1]
DOI 10.1521/jscp.2016.35.9.722
Citations Scopus - 9Web of Science - 7
Co-authors Ross Wilkinson
2016 Owuamalam C, Weerabangsa MMA, Karunagharan JK, Rubin JM, Craig T, 'Chip on the shoulder? The hunchback heuristic predicts the attribution of anger to low status groups and calm to high status groups', Cogent Psychology, 3 0-0 (2016) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/23311908.2016.1210998
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
2015 Zinko R, Rubin M, 'Personal reputation and the organization', Journal of Management and Organization, 21 217-236 (2015) [C1]

© Cambridge University Press and Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management 2015. Drawing from fields such as marketing psychology, strategy, social psychology, and organiza... [more]

© Cambridge University Press and Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management 2015. Drawing from fields such as marketing psychology, strategy, social psychology, and organizational behavior, the present examination explores the individual and organizational bases for personal reputation; specifically, how different bases interact with one another to produce an individual's reputation within organizations. It is proposed that individuals use personal reputations to satisfy their need for positive self-esteem as well as to secure their sense of belonging in organizations. Furthermore, reputation allows individuals to obtain rewards such as autonomy, power, and career success and the opportunity to signal key information to audiences. Likewise, organizations utilize personal reputations to predict their members' behaviors, market those who are a part of the organization to others, build their own corporate reputations, and signal information to consumers and competitors. To further this understanding of personal reputation an examination is presented as to how organizations serve as an essential context within which individuals realize their personal reputations and regulate their behavior.

DOI 10.1017/jmo.2014.76
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 2
Co-authors Robert Zinko
2015 Rubin M, Wright CL, 'Age differences explain social class differences in students' friendship at university: Implications for transition and retention', Higher Education, 70 427-439 (2015) [C1]
DOI 10.1007/s10734-014-9844-8
Citations Scopus - 14Web of Science - 12
2015 Somkittikanon P, Paolini S, Teaukul S, Rubin JM, Favara I, 'The predictability of child rearing practice and city-rural contact on personality characteristic of Thai and Australian psychology students.', Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses, 16 140-146 (2015) [C1]
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2015 Rubin M, Kelly BM, 'A cross-sectional investigation of parenting style and friendship as mediators of the relation between social class and mental health in a university community.', International Journal for Equity in Health, 14 1-11 (2015) [C1]
DOI 10.1186/s12939-015-0227-2
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 6
2014 Milanov M, Rubin JM, Paolini S, 'Constructing and validating a new measure of ingroup identification.', Annuaire de L Université de Sofia St. Kliment Ohridski . Faculte de Philosophie, 104 71-94 (2014) [C1]
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2014 Graf S, Paolini S, Rubin M, 'Negative intergroup contact is more influential, but positive intergroup contact is more common: Assessing contact prominence and contact prevalence in five Central European countries', European Journal of Social Psychology, 44 536-547 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1002/ejsp.2052
Citations Scopus - 79Web of Science - 71
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2014 Rubin JM, Morrison T, 'Individual differences in individualism and collectivism predict ratings of virtual cities liveability and environmental quality', The Journal of General Psychology, 141 348-372 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/00221309.2014.938721
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 6
2014 Paolini S, Harwood J, Rubin M, Husnu S, Joyce N, Hewstone M, 'Positive and extensive intergroup contact in the past buffers against the disproportionate impact of negative contact in the present', EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 44 548-562 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1002/ejsp.2029
Citations Scopus - 58Web of Science - 49
Co-authors Stefania Paolini, Miles Hewstone
2014 Rubin M, Denson N, Kilpatrick S, Matthews KE, Stehlik T, Zyngier D, ' I am working-class : Subjective self-definition as a missing measure of social class and socioeconomic status in higher education research.', Educational Researcher, 43 196-200 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.3102/0013189X14528373
Citations Scopus - 40Web of Science - 36
2014 Rubin M, Badea C, Jetten J, 'Low status groups show in-group favoritism to compensate for their low status and to compete for higher status.', Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 17 563-576 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/1368430213514122
Citations Scopus - 12Web of Science - 12
2014 Milanov M, Rubin JM, Paolini S, 'Different types of ingroup identification: A comprehensive review, an integrative model, and implications for future research.', Psicologia Sociale, 3 205-232 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1482/78347
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2014 Rubin M, Paolini S, 'Out-group flies in the in-group s ointment: Evidence of the motivational underpinnings of the in-group overexclusion effect.', Social Psychology, 45 265-273 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1027/1864-9335/a000171
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 3
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2014 Owuamalam CK, Rubin JM, 'When do low status groups help high status groups? The moderating effects of ingroup identification, audience group membership, and perceived reputational benefit.', Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 2 289-312 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.5964/jspp.v2i1.33
Citations Scopus - 5
2014 Southgate E, Douglas H, Scevak J, MacQueen S, Rubin JM, Lindell C, 'The academic outcomes of first-in-family in an Australian university: An exploratory study.', International Studies in Widening Participation, 1 31-45 (2014) [C1]
Co-authors Erica Southgate, Heather Douglas, Jill Scevak, Suzanne Macqueen
2013 Rubin M, '"It wasn't my idea to come here!": Ownership of the idea to immigrate as a function of gender, age, and culture', International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37 497-501 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2013.02.001
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 4
2013 Milanov M, Rubin JM, Paolini S, 'Adult attachment styles as predictors of different types of ingroup identification.', Bulgarian Journal of Psychology, 1-4 175-186 (2013) [C1]
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2013 Rubin M, Paolini S, Crisp RJ, 'Linguistic Description Moderates the Evaluations of Counterstereotypical People', SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 44 289-298 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1027/1864-9335/a000114
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 6
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2012 Badea C, Brauer M, Rubin JM, 'The effects of winning and losing on perceived group variability', Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48 1094-1099 (2012) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.jesp.2012.03.006
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 7
2012 Rubin JM, 'Group status is related to group prototypicality in the absence of social identity concerns', The Journal of Social Psychology, 152 386-389 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 5
2012 Barlow FK, Paolini S, Pedersen A, Hornsey MJ, Radke HRM, Harwood J, et al., 'The contact caveat: Negative contact predicts increased prejudice more than positive contact predicts reduced prejudice', Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38 1629-1643 (2012) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/0146167212457953
Citations Scopus - 194Web of Science - 174
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2012 Rubin JM, Watt SE, Ramelli M, 'Immigrants' social integration as a function of approach-avoidance orientation and problem-solving style', International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36 498-505 (2012) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2011.12.009
Citations Scopus - 13Web of Science - 9
2012 Milanov M, Rubin M, Paolini S, 'Types of ingroup identification as a function of group type.', Annuaire de L Université de Sofia St. Kliment Ohridski . Faculte de Philosophie, 103 119-140 (2012) [C1]
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2012 Rubin JM, 'Working-class students need more friends at university: A cautionary note for Australia's higher education equity initiative', Higher Education Research & Development, 31 431-433 (2012) [C3]
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 8
2012 Rubin JM, Badea C, 'They're all the same!. . but for several different reasons: A review of the multicausal nature of perceived group variability', Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21 367-372 (2012) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/0963721412457363
Citations Scopus - 15Web of Science - 14
2012 Rubin JM, 'Social class differences in social integration among students in higher education: A meta-analysis and recommendations for future research', Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 5 22-38 (2012) [C1]
DOI 10.1037/a0026162
Citations Scopus - 40Web of Science - 37
2011 Rubin JM, 'Social Affiliation Cues Prime Help-Seeking Intentions', Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 43 138-141 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.1037/a0022246
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
2011 Rubin JM, Paolini S, Crisp RJ, 'The relationship between the need for closure and deviant bias: An investigation of generality and process', International Journal of Psychology, 46 206-213 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/00207594.2010.537660
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 6
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2011 Harwood J, Paolini S, Joyce N, Rubin JM, Arroyo A, 'Secondary transfer effects from imagined contact: Group similarity affects the generalization gradient', British Journal of Social Psychology, 50 180-189 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.1348/014466610x524263
Citations Scopus - 69Web of Science - 63
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2010 Rubin JM, Badea C, 'The central tendency of a social group can affect ratings of its intragroup variability in the absence of social identity concerns', Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46 410-415 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.jesp.2010.01.001
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 8
2010 Paolini S, Harwood J, Rubin JM, 'Negative intergroup contact makes group memberships salient: Explaining why intergroup conflict endures', Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36 1723-1738 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/0146167210388667
Citations Scopus - 159Web of Science - 143
Co-authors Stefania Paolini
2008 Voci A, Hewstone M, Crisp RJ, Rubin JM, 'Majority, minority, and parity: Effects of gender and group size on perceived group variability', Social Psychology Quarterly, 71 114-142 (2008) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/019027250807100203
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 9
Co-authors Miles Hewstone
2007 Rubin JM, Badea C, 'Why do people perceive in-group homogeneity on in-group traits and out-group homogeneity on out-group traits?', Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33 31-42 (2007) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/0146167206293190
Citations Scopus - 18Web of Science - 15
2004 Paolini S, Hewstone M, Rubin JM, Pay H, 'Increased group dispersion after exposure to one deviant group member: Testing Hamburger's model of member-to-group generalization', Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40 569-585 (2004) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.jesp.2003.10.004
Citations Scopus - 17Web of Science - 17
Co-authors Stefania Paolini, Miles Hewstone
2004 Rubin JM, Hewstone M, 'Social identity, system justification, and social dominance: Commentary on Reicher, Jost and Banaji, and Sidanius et al', Political Psychology, 25 823-844 (2004) [C1]
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2004.00400.x
Citations Scopus - 89Web of Science - 75
Co-authors Miles Hewstone
2002 Hewstone M, Rubin JM, Willis H, 'Intergroup Bias', Annual Review of Psychology, 53 575-604 (2002) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 1114Web of Science - 1026
Co-authors Miles Hewstone
2001 Rubin M, Hewstone M, Voci A, 'Stretching the boundaries: Strategic perceptions of intragroup variability', EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 31 413-429 (2001) [C1]
DOI 10.1002/ejsp.51
Citations Scopus - 16Web of Science - 17
Co-authors Miles Hewstone
2001 Crisp RJ, Hewstone M, Rubin M, 'Does multiple categorization reduce intergroup bias?', PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN, 27 76-89 (2001) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/0146167201271007
Citations Scopus - 84Web of Science - 71
Co-authors Miles Hewstone
1998 Rubin M, Hewstone M, 'Social identity theory's self-esteem hypothesis: A review and some suggestions for clarification', Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2 40-62 (1998) [C1]

Distinctions are made between global and specific, personal and social, and trait and state self-esteem, and these are used to structure a review of over 40 studies concerning soc... [more]

Distinctions are made between global and specific, personal and social, and trait and state self-esteem, and these are used to structure a review of over 40 studies concerning social identity theory's hypothesis that (a) intergroup discrimination elevates self-esteem and (b) low self-esteem motivates discrimination. It is observed that researchers have tended to employ measures of global personal trait self-esteem in their investigations of this self-esteem hypothesis, and it is argued that measures of specific social state self-esteem are more consistent with social identity theory's assumptions. Although no convincing evidence is found for the self-esteem hypothesis in its full and unqualified form, it is argued that this is due to a lack of specificity in its formulation and it is suggested that a more qualified and specific version of the hypothesis may be more appropriate. Copyright © 1998 by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

DOI 10.1207/s15327957pspr0201_3
Citations Scopus - 375
Co-authors Miles Hewstone
Wright CL, Rubin M, 'Sexualized Popular Music and Risky Sexual Behaviors Among Emerging Adults from the United States and Australia', Howard Journal of Communications, 1-19
DOI 10.1080/10646175.2019.1567407
Vogel DL, Heath PJ, Engel KE, Brenner RE, Strass HA, Al-Darmaki FR, et al., 'Cross-cultural validation of the Perceptions of Stigmatization by Others for Seeking Help (PSOSH) Scale.', Stigma and Health, 4 82-85 [C1]
DOI 10.1037/sah0000119
Show 72 more journal articles

Conference (3 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Morrison T, Rubin M, 'Understanding and Living the Past and the Future: 3D Modelling and Interactive Surveys as a Research and Teaching Methodology', Proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Managements Studies, Valletta, Malta (2015) [E1]
2014 Morrison T, Rubin M, 'Using Visualisation to Test Historical Utopian Cities on a Modern Audience', EVA London 2014: Electronic Visualisation and the Arts, Covent Garden, London (2014) [E1]
2010 Watt SE, Ramelli M, Rubin JM, 'The interplay of social context and personal attributes in immigrants' adaptation and satisfaction with the move to Australia', Migrant Security 2010: Refereed Proceedings of the National Symposium titled Migrant Security 2010: Citizenship and Social Inclusion in a Transnational Era, Toowoomba, QLD (2010) [E1]

Other (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2010 Rubin JM, Paolini S, Crisp RJ, 'A processing fluency explanation of bias against migrants', ( issue.1 pp.21-28): Elsevier (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.jesp.2009.09.006
Citations Scopus - 59Web of Science - 53
Co-authors Stefania Paolini

Report (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Scevak J, Southgate E, Rubin, Macqueen S, Douglas H, Williams P, Southgate EL, 'Equity Groups and Predictors of Academic Success in Higher Education.', National Centre for Student Equity in Higher Education (NCSEHE) Curtin University, 19 (2015) [R1]
Co-authors Jill Scevak, Heather Douglas, Suzanne Macqueen, Erica Southgate
Edit

Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 25
Total funding $1,237,438

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20191 grants / $324,311

Success from the Perspective of the Successful: Low SES Students, Success and Completion in Higher Education$324,311

Funding body: Department of Education and Training

Funding body Department of Education and Training
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin, Doctor Olivia Evans, Professor Penny Jane Burke, Doctor Anna Bennett, Professor Sarah O'Shea, Mrs Kristen Allen, Nida Denson, Associate Professor Peter Howley, Doctor Suzanne MacQueen, Carmen Mills, Ryan Naylor, Maria Raciti, Ms Olivia Evans
Scheme Higher Education Participation and Partnerships Programme (HEPPP)
Role Lead
Funding Start 2019
Funding Finish 2020
GNo G1900344
Type Of Funding C2110 - Aust Commonwealth - Own Purpose
Category 2110
UON Y

20181 grants / $10,000

Larapinta Trail Challenge Indigenous PhD Scholarship$10,000

Funding body: Larapinta Trail Challenge

Funding body Larapinta Trail Challenge
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin, Ms Olivia Evans
Scheme Trail Scholarships
Role Lead
Funding Start 2018
Funding Finish 2018
GNo G1800281
Type Of Funding C3120 - Aust Philanthropy
Category 3120
UON Y

20172 grants / $15,400

Psychological health in Chinese and Australian university students: A longitudinal study of attachment, mindfulness, social integration, and collectivism-individualism$7,700

Funding body: Keats Endowment Research Fund

Funding body Keats Endowment Research Fund
Project Team Associate Professor Ross Wilkinson, Miss Jichun Hao, Associate Professor Mark Rubin, Dr Raymond Chan
Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2017
Funding Finish 2017
GNo G1700466
Type Of Funding C3112 - Aust Not for profit
Category 3112
UON Y

When and Why do Disadvantaged Groups Support Societal Systems that Disadvantage Them?; A Cross-Cultural Tests of System Justification Predictions$7,700

Funding body: Keats Endowment Research Fund

Funding body Keats Endowment Research Fund
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin, Dr Chuma Owuamalam
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2017
Funding Finish 2017
GNo G1700467
Type Of Funding C3112 - Aust Not for profit
Category 3112
UON Y

20161 grants / $302,235

Reducing Risk-Taking Among Australian Coal Miners$302,235

Funding body: Australian Coal Research Limited

Funding body Australian Coal Research Limited
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin, Associate Professor Anna Giacomini, Professor Brian Kelly
Scheme Australian Coal Association Research Program (ACARP)
Role Lead
Funding Start 2016
Funding Finish 2019
GNo G1500779
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Non Commonwealth
Category 1NS
UON Y

20152 grants / $68,527

A Longitudinal Study of the Relations Between Students' Socioeconomic Status, Social Integration at University, and Mental Health$67,327

Funding body: Department of Education

Funding body Department of Education
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin, Associate Professor Ross Wilkinson
Scheme Higher Education Participation and Partnerships Programme
Role Lead
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2015
GNo G1501205
Type Of Funding C2110 - Aust Commonwealth - Own Purpose
Category 2110
UON Y

The relations between students, social class, sleep and University experience$1,200

Funding body: NSW Institute for Educational Research Inc

Funding body NSW Institute for Educational Research Inc
Project Team Ms Romany McGuffog, Associate Professor Mark Rubin
Scheme Standard Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2015
GNo G1401534
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - State
Category 2OPS
UON Y

20143 grants / $60,957

Equity groups and predictors of academic success in higher education.$54,700

Funding body: National Centre for Student Equity in Higher Education (NCSEHE)

Funding body National Centre for Student Equity in Higher Education (NCSEHE)
Project Team Doctor Jill Scevak, Associate Professor Erica Southgate, Doctor Suzanne MacQueen, Associate Professor Mark Rubin, Dr Heather Douglas
Scheme Research Grants Program
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1400235
Type Of Funding C2110 - Aust Commonwealth - Own Purpose
Category 2110
UON Y

Testing the neural bases of judgments and experience of emotions when social status matters. $4,957

Funding body: University of Nottingham, Malaysia

Funding body University of Nottingham, Malaysia
Project Team

Owuamalam, C.

Scheme Faculty of Science Pump Priming Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo
Type Of Funding International - Competitive
Category 3IFA
UON N

Faculty PVC Conference Assistance Grant 2014$1,300

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin
Scheme PVC Conference Assistance Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1401233
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20132 grants / $30,000

Language as a barrier to social inclusion/integration among immigrants.$15,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team

Moskovsky, C.

Scheme Cross-Faculty Funding Scheme
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2014
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

Equity in elite degrees: Social difference, institutional practice and processes of change. $15,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Education and Arts

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Education and Arts
Project Team

Brosnan, C.

Scheme Strategic Networks Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2013
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

20123 grants / $25,857

2011 Emerging Research Leaders Program$15,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin
Scheme Emerging Research Leaders Program
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2012
GNo G1200619
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

Psychophysiological markers of category activation and approach-avoidance responses during intergroup contact. $8,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT
Project Team

Paolini, S.

Scheme Capital Infrastructure Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2013
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

An evolutionary outlook on intergroup contact and social categorization. $2,857

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team

Paolini, S.

Scheme Summer Scholarship
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2013
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

20091 grants / $3,717

Differences in ingroup identification as a function of culture and group type$3,717

Funding body: Keats Endowment Research Fund

Funding body Keats Endowment Research Fund
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin, Mr Milen Milanov
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2009
Funding Finish 2010
GNo G0900108
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON Y

20071 grants / $252,004

The Disproportionate Impact of Negative Contact on Category Salience and Prejudice: Explaining Why Intergroup Interactions Can Be Harmful$252,004

Funding body: ARC (Australian Research Council)

Funding body ARC (Australian Research Council)
Project Team Associate Professor Stefania Paolini, Professor Jake Harwood, Associate Professor Mark Rubin
Scheme Discovery Projects
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2007
Funding Finish 2010
GNo G0186257
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Commonwealth
Category 1CS
UON Y

20061 grants / $7,520

Cross-cultural differences in in-group identification$7,520

Funding body: Keats Endowment Research Fund

Funding body Keats Endowment Research Fund
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin, Mr Milen Milanov, Associate Professor Stefania Paolini
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2006
Funding Finish 2007
GNo G0186928
Type Of Funding Contract - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFC
UON Y

20052 grants / $112,095

Investigating a New Explanation of Discrimination Against Migrant and Excluded People$110,000

Funding body: ARC (Australian Research Council)

Funding body ARC (Australian Research Council)
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin, Associate Professor Stefania Paolini, Professor Richard Crisp
Scheme Discovery Projects
Role Lead
Funding Start 2005
Funding Finish 2007
GNo G0184345
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Commonwealth
Category 1CS
UON Y

The 14th General Meeting of the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology, 19-24 July 2005$2,095

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2005
Funding Finish 2005
GNo G0185202
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20041 grants / $2,045

XXVIII International Congress of Psychology, 8-13 August 2004, China$2,045

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2004
Funding Finish 2004
GNo G0183986
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20032 grants / $10,370

Testing self-anchoring theory's explanation of in-groups bias$10,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin
Scheme Early Career Researcher Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2003
Funding Finish 2003
GNo G0183057
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

32nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Australasian Social Psychologists, Macquarie University 24-27 April, 2003$370

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2003
Funding Finish 2003
GNo G0182917
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20021 grants / $2,400

The 13th General Meeting of the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology San Sebastian, Spain, 26 - 29 June 2002$2,400

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2002
Funding Finish 2002
GNo G0181731
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20011 grants / $10,000

'We are Like Me!': The Role of Self-to-Group Generalization in Social Discrimination$10,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Mark Rubin
Scheme Early Career Researcher Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2001
Funding Finish 2001
GNo G0181641
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y
Edit

Research Supervision

Number of supervisions

Completed6
Current6

Current Supervision

Commenced Level of Study Research Title Program Supervisor Type
2018 Masters Social Integration and Mental Health in Vietnamese First-Year College Students: The Role of Attachment Style M Philosophy (Psychology), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor
2018 PhD Investigating the Perceived Risks of Different Party Drugs Among Emerging Adults PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle Principal Supervisor
2017 PhD Examining the Relationship Between Organisational Factors and Residual Risk in the Mining Industry PhD (Environ & Occupat Hlth), Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor
2016 PhD Mobilising Men and Women in Support of Workplace Gender Equality: Does Leader Gender Matter? PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor
2016 PhD The Relation Between the Need for Closure and Mental Health PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle Principal Supervisor
2016 PhD Sleep Tight and Don't Let the Socioeconomic Inequality Bite! Relations Between Social Class, Sleep, and Mental and Physical Health PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle Principal Supervisor

Past Supervision

Year Level of Study Research Title Program Supervisor Type
2019 PhD Attachment, Mindfulness, and Social Integration in the Adjustment of Australian and Chinese University Students: A Cross-Cultural Comparison PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle Co-Supervisor
2019 PhD It's Lonely at the Bottom: Investigating the Role of Social Integration in the Relationship between Social Class and Mental Health PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle Principal Supervisor
2016 PhD When Does Independent Problem-Solving Have Negative Psychological Effects? Investigating the Moderating Effect of Openness to Experience PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle Principal Supervisor
2010 PhD Different Types of Ingroup Identification as a Function of Culture, Group Status, Attachment Style, and Group Type PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle Principal Supervisor
2010 PhD Measuring Social Competence, Task Competence and Self-Protection in an Organisational Context PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle Principal Supervisor
2008 PhD Psychosocial Well-Being and Gay Identity Development PhD (Clinical Psychology), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle Principal Supervisor
Edit

Research Projects

Social Class Differences in Higher Education 2012 - 2018

Around 25% of the Australian population are from working-class and low socioeconomic status backgrounds, but only 16% attend Australia's universities. In response to this inequity, the Australian Government aims to increase the percentage of these students in the higher education sector nationwide.

However, improving access to university represents only half the battle. We also need to ensure that our new intake of working-class and low SES students perform well at university and don't drop out part way through their studies. The University of Newcastle is well-placed to investigate the experiences of this group of students because it already has a relatively high percentage of low SES enrolments (27%). Dr Rubin is involved in research that investigates the performance and experiences of these students at university, including their social integration, mental health, physical health, academic performance, and persistence in their degree.

This line of research is consistent with the University’s focus on achieving parity of retention and success among students of all SES backgrounds (New Futures Strategic Plan 2016-2025), and it is part of a range of activities undertaken by the University’s Centre of Excellence for Equity in Higher Education.

Grants

Equity in elite degrees: Social difference, institutional practice and processes of change.

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Education and Arts

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Education and Arts
Scheme Strategic Networks Grant

A longitudinal study of the relations between students’ socioeconomic status, social integration at university, and mental health.

Funding body: Department of Education and Training

Funding body Department of Education and Training
Scheme Research Grant

Equity groups and predictors of academic success in higher education.

Funding body: National Centre for Student Equity in Higher Education (NCSEHE)

Funding body National Centre for Student Equity in Higher Education (NCSEHE)
Project Team Doctor Jill Scevak, Associate Professor Erica Southgate, Doctor Suzanne MacQueen, Associate Professor Mark Rubin, Dr Heather Douglas
Scheme Research Grants Program

Publications

Rubin JM, 'Social class differences in social integration among students in higher education: A meta-analysis and recommendations for future research', Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 5 22-38 (2012) [C1]

Rubin JM, 'Working-class students need more friends at university: A cautionary note for Australia's higher education equity initiative', Higher Education Research & Development, 31 431-433 (2012) [C3]

Southgate E, Douglas H, Scevak J, MacQueen S, Rubin JM, Lindell C, 'The academic outcomes of first-in-family in an Australian university: An exploratory study.', International Studies in Widening Participation, 1 31-45 (2014) [C1]

Rubin M, Denson N, Kilpatrick S, Matthews KE, Stehlik T, Zyngier D, ' I am working-class : Subjective self-definition as a missing measure of social class and socioeconomic status in higher education research.', Educational Researcher, 43 196-200 (2014) [C1]

Rubin M, Wright CL, 'Age differences explain social class differences in students' friendship at university: Implications for transition and retention', Higher Education, 70 427-439 (2015) [C1]

Rubin M, Kelly BM, 'A cross-sectional investigation of parenting style and friendship as mediators of the relation between social class and mental health in a university community.', International Journal for Equity in Health, 14 1-11 (2015) [C1]

Students

Program Research Title
PhD
Faculty of Science
Sleep Tight and Don't Let the Socioeconomic Inequality Bite! Relations Between Social Class, Sleep, and Mental and Physical Health
PhD
Faculty of Science
It's Lonely at the Bottom: Investigating the Role of Social Integration in the Relationship between Social Class and Mental Health

Collaborators

Name Organisation
Doctor Jill Janina Scevak University of Newcastle
Associate Professor Ross Bernard Wilkinson University of Newcastle
Nida Denson Western Sydney University
Chrysalis Wright University of Central Florida
Doctor Suzanne Elizabeth MacQueen University of Newcastle

Success from the perspective of the successful: Low SES students, success and completion in higher education 2019 - 2020

This project will produce a comprehensive, integrative understanding of success in higher education and when and how it is predicted by students’ socioeconomic status (SES). The project will focus on students from low socioeconomic status (LSES) and how LSES intersects with other social demographics, such as Indigenous identity, place (regional, rural and remote), gender and age, to predict academic success. The project will develop our understandings of student success in terms of both (a) objective definitions and measurements and (b) subjective experiences of success and being ‘successful’. The project will also provide insight into which factors contribute to success in terms of broader trends and students’ own attributions of their success. Based on previous research, we expect to find that LSES students conceptualise and experience success differently to their higher SES counterparts, and that LSES students have different pathways to achieving success. The study will be conducted across six universities, including Group of Eight and regional institutions. Students from each university will complete a comprehensive survey designed to measure their experiences of a broad spectrum of success as well as the various types of capital (e.g., financial support, family background, social networks). A subset of these students will then be contacted for follow-up interviews to probe deeper into their understanding, experiences, and attributions of success. These quantitative and qualitative investigations will extend existing research to enrich equity policy and practice that aims to support student success. This project will provide national benefits within the higher education sector, including providing a forum for LSES students to discuss their success, building professional development frameworks for academic staff, and guiding policy.


Edit

Research Collaborations

The map is a representation of a researchers co-authorship with collaborators across the globe. The map displays the number of publications against a country, where there is at least one co-author based in that country. Data is sourced from the University of Newcastle research publication management system (NURO) and may not fully represent the authors complete body of work.

Country Count of Publications
Australia 74
United Kingdom 18
Malaysia 12
United States 11
France 7
More...
Edit

News

Study ties depression in poorer students to social isolation

January 8, 2019

Australian researchers recommend 'organic' interventions to support undergraduates from disadvantaged backgrounds

Improving student well-being

September 8, 2015

Psychology researchers within the Centre of Excellence for Equity in Higher Education are researching ways to improve the mental well-being of low SES students

Teaching Staff Awarded

August 29, 2013

Prestigious awards for five University of Newcastle staff. 5 teaching staff have received acclaim in the Office for Learning and Teaching 2013 Citation

Associate Professor Mark Rubin

Position

Associate Professor
School of Psychology
Faculty of Science

Focus area

Psychology

Contact Details

Email mark.rubin@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 4921 6706
Mobile 0407949785
Fax (02) 4921 6980
Links YouTube
Google+
Personal Blogs
Personal webpage
Twitter
Facebook

Office

Room W107
Building Behavioural Sciences Building
Location Callaghan
University Drive
Callaghan, NSW 2308
Australia
Edit