Ms Jessica Stokes-Parish

Ms Jessica Stokes-Parish

Casual Web Learn Tutor Nursing & Midwifery

School of Nursing and Midwifery (Nursing)

Career Summary


Jessica is a dynamic, capable individual with a wealth of experience in project management, facilities management and the field of simulation. Originating in the healthcare scene, Jessica then moved to the simulation industry in healthcare education. She is an excellent communicator, team manager and is able to cast vision for large events and general curricular activity.

A critical thinker, Jessica is able to consider issues at hand and explore innovative ways to achieve goals and maximise productivity despite complexities. Her expertise in simulation is as diverse as it is comprehensive; project manager, lead educator, theorist, consultant to simulation, technical officer and building manager – Jessica has done them all. Jessica has a developed understanding of simulation as a whole, becoming recognised as an expert in her field. Her recent work with the Australian Society for Simulation in Healthcare and the SimHealth Organising Committee have enabled her to have a good grasp of  current issues in simulation.

Interests in research include Simulated Patient Methodology (including development of the Simulated Patient Rating Tool ©), learner engagement and realism. Currently enrolled in a Doctorate of Philosophy, Jessica is exploring how authenticity impacts learner engagement. For this research she has already won a research award (Best Works in Progress at SimHealth 2015) and is building capacity and traction on this topic.

Her current role encompasses the broader New England North West region of New South Wales, collaborating with Local Health Districts to improve and support quality nursing placements. Her areas of research within this capacity are exploring the value of nursing support in rural health placement.


  • Master of Nursing (Advanced Practice), University of Newcastle
  • Bachelor of Nursing, University of Newcastle


  • Authenticity
  • Clinical Placement
  • Medical Education
  • Moulage
  • Nursing Education
  • Quality Clinical Placements
  • Realism
  • Rural Health
  • Simulation
  • Simulation Based Education


  • Greek (Fluent)

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
080110 Simulation and Modelling 80
130103 Higher Education 20

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Casual Web Learn Tutor Nursing & Midwifery University of Newcastle
School of Nursing and Midwifery

Professional appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
26/3/2013 - 30/6/2016 Simulation Coordinator School of Medicine & Population Health, Faculty of Health & Medicine, University of Newcastle



Year Award
2015 Best Works in Progress
Simulation Australasia Ltd


Year Award
2017 2017 SSH Novice Researcher
Society for Simulation in Healthcare


Committee Member

Year Title / Rationale
2017 Convener - Australasian Simulation Congress 2017
2016 Co-Convenor Australasian Simulation Congress
2015 In Conference Organiser
2015 Member of Good Standing

Distinguished Visitor

Year Title / Rationale
2015 Simulation Based Education and Clinical Skills Teaching
Visit to University of Health Sciences, Cambodia


Year Title / Rationale
2017 Pint of Science Team Member


Year Title / Rationale
2017 International Nurses Day - A Voice to Lead
2016 Simulated Patients


For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.

Journal article (4 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2019 Stokes-Parish J, Duvivier R, Jolly B, 'Expert opinions on the authenticity of moulage in simulation: a Delphi study.', Advances in Simulation, 4 (2019) [C1]
DOI 10.1186/s41077-019-0103-z
Co-authors Robbert Duvivier
2018 Stokes-Parish JB, Duvivier R, Jolly B, 'Investigating the impact of moulage on simulation engagement A systematic review', Nurse Education Today, 64 49-55 (2018) [C1]

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Background: Simulation Based Education (SBE) is used as a primer for clinical education in nursing and other health professions. Participant engagement strateg... [more]

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Background: Simulation Based Education (SBE) is used as a primer for clinical education in nursing and other health professions. Participant engagement strategies and good debriefing have been identified as key for effective simulations. The environment in which the simulation is situated also plays a large role in the degree of participant engagement. Various cues are staged within simulations to enhance this engagement process. Moulage techniques are used in current-day simulation to mimic illnesses and wounds, acting as visual and tactile cues for the learner. To effectively utilise moulage in simulation, significant expense is required to train simulation staff and to purchase relevant equipment. Objective: Explore the use of moulage in simulation practice today and its influence on participant engagement. Design: Using a systematic process to extract papers, we reviewed the literature with a critical-realist lens. Data Sources: CINAHL Complete, ERIC, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, SCOPUS, Web of Science, Proquest, Science Direct and SAGE. Review Methods: 10 databases were systematically reviewed using the keyword ¿moulage¿ to answer the question ¿How does the authenticity of moulage impact on participant engagement?¿. 1318 records were identified prior to exclusion criterion were applied. 10 articles were targeted for review, following exclusion for English language and publication between 2005 and 2015. Results: The resulting 10 papers were assessed for quality using the Medical Education Research Study Quality Instrument (MERSQI). The majority of papers were situated in dermatology teaching, with only one nursing paper. Study participants were both undergraduate and postgraduate. Most of the studies were undertaken at a university setting. No papers comprehensively addressed whether the authenticity of moulage influences learner engagement. Conclusions: Results were limited, yet clearly outline a widely held assumption that moulage is essential in simulation-based education for improved realism and subsequent learner engagement. Despite this, there is no clear evidence from the literature that this is the case, suggesting that further research to explore the impact of moulage on participant engagement is warranted. A number of recommendations are made for future research.

DOI 10.1016/j.nedt.2018.01.003
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 4
Co-authors Robbert Duvivier
2017 Little F, Stokes-Parish JB, Hawkins NL, Collier J, 'Rurally located academics for undergraduate nursing placements for students who 'go rural'', Australian Nursing Midwifery Journal, Volume 25 45-45 (2017)
Co-authors Tash Hawkins
2017 Stokes-Parish JB, Duvivier R, Jolly B, 'Does Appearance Matter? Current Issues and Formulation of a Research Agenda for Moulage in Simulation', Simulation in Healthcare-Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare, 12 47-50 (2017) [C1]
DOI 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000211
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 2
Co-authors Robbert Duvivier
Show 1 more journal article

Conference (13 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2018 May JA, Stokes-Parish J, Cone L, Grotowski M, 'Guiding eprofessionalism-developing social media workshops for health students', Basel, SWITZERLAND (2018)
Co-authors Miriam Grotowski, Lauren Cone, Jennifer May
2017 Stokes-Parish JB, Roche J, 'SimArt: Matching moulage to your learning objectives.',, Sydney (2017)
2017 Stokes-Parish JB, Duvivier R, jOLLY B, 'Designing a scale for validation of moulage authenticity using the Delphi Method', Designing a scale for validation of moulage authenticity using the Delphi Method., Sydney, Australia (2017)
Co-authors Robbert Duvivier
2017 Stokes-Parish J, Little FH, 'Understanding Key Supervisory Roles for Undergraduate Nurses on Rural Clinical Placements', Newcastle, NSW (2017)
Co-authors Fiona Little
2016 Stokes-Parish JB, Roche J, 'SimART - Rapidly applicable simulation on a budget.', Melbourne, VIC (2016)
2016 Stokes-Parish JB, Duvivier R, Jolly BJ, 'Does authenticity in moulage matter? Results of a systematic review.',, Melbroune (2016)
DOI 10.13140/RG.2.2.15563.18728
Co-authors Robbert Duvivier
2015 Stokes-Parish JB, Marley R, Roche J, 'SimART : Adding RealiTy to Simulation I.', Newcastle, NSW (2015)
2015 Stokes-Parish JB, 'Does authenticity in moulage matter? Exploring Participant Engagement in Simulation', Adelaide, SA (2015)
2015 Stokes-Parish JB, roche J, ebert L, skinner V, morgan T, Galal M, symonds I, 'Does Simulated Interprofessional Education (IPE) in obstetrics and midwifery improve the student experience?', Newcastle, NSW (2015)
Co-authors Lyn Ebert
2015 roche J, hunter S, Stokes-Parish J, Lovett S, Mattes J, 'Students as Peer Assessors in Simulation.', Newcastle, NSW (2015)
Co-authors Joerg Mattes, Sharyn Hunter
2015 Roche J, stokes-parish J, 'Fast Track Scenario To Simulation From The Chair .', Adelaide, SA (2015)
2015 Stokes-Parish JB, ROCHE J, 'The Simulated Patient Rating Tool: a new approach to quality in simulation', Sydney ACU (2015)
2015 Stokes-Parish JB, ROCHE J, 'Innovation in Simulated Patient Programs: The Simulated Patient Rating Tool', Adelaide, SA (2015)
Show 10 more conferences

Other (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2014 Roche J, Stokes-Parish J, Marley R, 'Moulage: The Patient Comes Alive... Warts and All!!', ( pp.N/A-N/A): SimTech (2014) [O1]

Grants and Funding


Number of grants 1
Total funding $13,042

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.

20171 grants / $13,042

2017 SSH Novice Researcher Grant$13,042

2017 SSH Novice Research Grant awarded for project titled "How does variation of moulage authenticity impact on engagement of participants in a simulation?"

Funding body: Society for Simulation in Healthcare

Funding body Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Project Team

Jessica Stokes-Parish, Robbert Duvivier, Brian Jolly

Scheme Novice Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2017
Funding Finish 2017
Type Of Funding International - Competitive
Category 3IFA

Research Projects

Rural Health Preceptor Program 2017


Ms Jessica Stokes-Parish


Casual Web Learn Tutor Nursing & Midwifery
Desk G30
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Faculty of Health and Medicine

Focus area


Contact Details

Phone (02) 67553517
Links Research Networks
Personal webpage
Personal webpage


Building Tamworth Education Centre
Location Tamworth