Dr Fangjie Qi
Global Centre for Environmental Remediation
I am an environmental scientist and soil scientist with primary research interests situated in environment remediation and waste management areas. My research experience includes soil contaminant toxicity and bioavailability control, soil contamination remediation and risk assessment, organic waste/biomass utilization and sewage treatment. I completed my PhD (in Global Center for Environmental Remediation in The University of Newcastle, Australia, 2017) linking the utilization of biochars with Cd remediation in wastewater and soils. Since June 2017, I have been working on the retention, fate, transport, toxicity and bioavailability of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in soils and groundwater. My research covers:
- Soil per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and heavy metal contamination control;
- Advanced material (including biochar and activated carbon) design for contaminated land/groundwater remediation;
- Interaction of biochar with contaminants in aqueous phase and soils;
- Toxicity and bioavailability control of soil contaminants;
- Organic waste/biomass utilization - combustion, gasification and pyrolysis- Effect on contaminant behaviors.
- Soil per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) fate & transport investigation and toxicity & bioavailability control
- Pyrogenic carbon (including soil black carbon and biochars) and its interaction with heavy metals in soils and waste water
- Catalytic effects of metallic oxides on combustion characteristics of biomass micron fuel
- The conditioning effects of flocculants on activated sludge from sewage treatment plant
- Xu, Y, Qi, F*, Bai, T, Yan Y, Wu C. A further inquiry into co-pyrolysis of straws with manures for heavy metal immobilization in manure-derived biochars. Journal of Hazardous Materials， 380, 120870.
- Yan, Y, Qi, F,*, Zhao, S, Wang, X, Wang, Shu, Liu, X, Wang, X, Bolan N. A new low-cost hydroxyapatite for efficient immobilization of soil lead. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 553, 798-804.
- Qi, F., Yan, Y., Li, Y., Naidu, R.*, Bolan, N. S., Lamb, D., Liu, Y., Donne, S. W., Johir, M.A.H., Semple, K. T., 2017b. Thermal stability of biochars and its effects on cadmium sorption capacity. Bioresource Technology 246, 48-56.
- Qi, F., Kuppusamy, S., Naidu, R.*, Bolan, N. S., Ok, Y. S., Yan, Y., Li, Y., Lamb, D., Yu, L., Semple, K. T., Wang, H., Pyrogenic Carbon and Its Role for Contaminant Immobilization in Soils, 2017. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 47, 795-876.
- Qi, F., Lamb, D., Naidu, R.*, Bolan, N. S., Yan, Y., Ok, Y. S., Rahman, M., Choppala, G., 2018. Cadmium solubility and bioavailability in soils amended with acidic and neutral biochar. Science of The Total Environment 610-611, 1457-1466.
- Qi, F., Naidu, R.*, Bolan, N.S., Dong, Z., Yan, Y., Lamb, D., Bucheli, T.D., Choppala, G., Duan, L., Semple, K.T., 2017. Pyrogenic carbon in Australian soils. Science of The Total Environment 586, 849-857.
- Qi, F., Dong, Z., Naidu, R., Bolan, N.S.*, Lamb, D., Ok, Y.S., Liu, C., Khan, N., Johir, M., Semple, K.T., 2017. Effects of acidic and neutral biochars on properties and cadmium retention of soils. Chemosphere. 162, 315-323.
- Yan, Y., Qi, F.#1, Seshadri, B., Xu, Y., Hou, J., Ok, Y.S., Dong, X., Li, Q., Sun, X., Wang, L., Bolan, N., 2016. Utilization of phosphorus loaded alkaline residue to immobilize lead in a shooting range soil. Chemosphere 162, 315-323.
- B. Biswas, F. Qi, Y. Liu, A. Wijayawardena, R. Naidu. Soil processes and the exposure of contaminants in the climate change paradigm. Soil, In press.
- Sanderson, P., Qi, F., Seshadri, B., Wijayawardena, A., Naidu, R., 2018. Contamination, Fate and Management of Metals in Shooting Range Soils—a Review. Current Pollution Reports. In press.
- Hassan, M. Naidu, R., Du, J., Liu, Y., Qi, F. 2020. Critical review of magnetic biosorbents: Their preparation, application, and regeneration for wastewater treatment. Science of The Total Environment, 702, 134893
- Liu, Y., Yan, Y., Seshadri, B., Qi, F., Xu, Y., Bolan, N., Zheng, F., Sun, X., Han, W., Wang, L., 2016. Immobilization of lead and copper in aqueous solution and soil using hydroxyapatite derived from flue gas desulphurization gypsum. Journal of Geochemical Exploration. In press, accepted on 15/08/2016.
- Khan, N., Clark, I., Sánchez-Monedero, M.A., Shea, S., Meier, S., Qi, F., Kookana, R.S., Bolan, N., 2016a. Physical and chemical properties of biochars co-composted with biowastes and incubated with a chicken litter compost. Chemosphere 142, 14-23.
- Khan, N., Seshadri, B., Bolan, N., Saint, C.P., Kirkham, M.B., Chowdhury, S., Yamaguchi, N., Lee, D.Y., Li, G., Kunhikrishnan, A., Qi, F., Karunanithi, R., Qiu, R., Zhu, Y.G., Syu, C.H., 2016b. Chapter One - Root Iron Plaque on Wetland Plants as a Dynamic Pool of Nutrients and Contaminants. in: Donald, L.S. (Ed.). Advances in Agronomy. Academic Press, pp. 1-96.
- Seshadri, B., Bolan, N., Wijesekara, H., Kunhikrishnan, A., Thangarajan, R., Qi, F., Matheyarasu, R., Rocco, C., Mbene, K., Naidu, R., 2016. Phosphorus–cadmium interactions in paddy soils. Geoderma 270, 43-59.
- Thangarajan, R., Bolan, N., Mandal, S., Kunhikrishnan, A., Choppala, G., Karunanithi, R., Qi, F., 2015. Biochar for inorganic contaminant management in soil. Biochar: Production, Characterization, and Applications, 100.
- Yi, Q., Qi, F., Cheng, G., Zhang, Y., Xiao, B., Hu, Z., Liu, S., Cai, H. & Xu, S. 2013. Thermogravimetric analysis of co-combustion of biomass and biochar. Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry, 112, 1475-1479.
- Yi, Q., Qi, F., Xiao, B., Hu, Z. & Liu, S. 2012. Co-Firing Ramie Residue with Supplementary Coal in a Cyclone Furnace. BioResources, 8, 844-854.
- Wang, J., Xiao, B., Liu, S., Hu, Z., He, P., Guo, D., Hu, M., Qi, F. & Luo, S. 2013. Catalytic steam gasification of pig compost for hydrogen-rich gas production in a fixed bed reactor. Bioresource Technology, 133, 127-133.
- Cheng, G., Li, Q., Qi, F., Xiao, B., Liu, S., Hu, Z. & He, P. 2012. Allothermal gasification of biomass using micron size biomass as external heat source. Bioresource technology, 107, 471-475.
- Doctor of Philosophy, University of Newcastle
- Master of Science (Environmental Engineering), Huazhong University of Science and Technology
- Advanced environmental remediation materials
- Contaminated land assessment
- Soil contaminant bioavailability and toxicity
- Mandarin (Mother)
- English (Fluent)
Fields of Research
|050399||Soil Sciences not elsewhere classified||60|
|059999||Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified||40|
|Title||Organisation / Department|
For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.
Chapter (1 outputs)
Thangarajan R, Bolan N, Mandal S, Kunhikrishnan A, Choppala G, Karunanithi R, Qi F, 'Biochar for inorganic contaminant Management in Soil', Biochar Production, Characterization, and Applications, CRC Press, Boca Raton (2015)
Journal article (19 outputs)
Hassan M, Naidu R, Du J, Liu Y, Qi F, 'Critical review of magnetic biosorbents: Their preparation, application, and regeneration for wastewater treatment', SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 702 (2020) [C1]
Xu Y, Qi F, Bai T, Yan Y, Wu C, An Z, et al., 'A further inquiry into co-pyrolysis of straws with manures for heavy metal immobilization in manure-derived biochars', Journal of Hazardous Materials, 380 (2019) [C1]
Yan Y, Qi F, Zhao S, Luo Y, Gu S, Li Q, et al., 'A new low-cost hydroxyapatite for efficient immobilization of lead', Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 553 798-804 (2019) [C1]
Wijayawardena MAA, Biswas B, Qi F, Biswas JK, Khan MAI, Naidu R, 'The Fate of Chemical Pollutants with Soil Properties and Processes in the Climate Change Paradigm- a review', Soil Systems, 2 51-71 (2018) [C1]
Qi F, Lamb D, Naidu R, Bolan NS, Yan Y, Ok YS, et al., 'Cadmium solubility and bioavailability in soils amended with acidic and neutral biochar', SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 610 1457-1466 (2018) [C1]
Sanderson P, Qi F, Seshadri B, Wijayawardena A, Naidu R, 'Contamination, Fate and Management of Metals in Shooting Range Soils - a Review', Current Pollution Reports, 4 175-187 (2018) [C1]
Liu Y, Yan Y, Seshadri B, Qi F, Xu Y, Bolan N, et al., 'Immobilization of lead and copper in aqueous solution and soil using hydroxyapatite derived from flue gas desulphurization gypsum', JOURNAL OF GEOCHEMICAL EXPLORATION, 184 239-246 (2018) [C1]
Qi F, Yan Y, Lamb D, Naidu R, Bolan NS, Liu Y, et al., 'Thermal stability of biochar and its effects on cadmium sorption capacity', BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, 246 48-56 (2017) [C1]
Qi F, Kuppusamy S, Naidu R, Bolan NS, Ok YS, Lamb D, et al., 'Pyrogenic carbon and its role in contaminant immobilization in soils', CRITICAL REVIEWS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 47 795-876 (2017) [C1]
Qi F, Dong Z, Lamb D, Naidu R, Bolan NS, Ok YS, et al., 'Effects of acidic and neutral biochars on properties and cadmium retention of soils', CHEMOSPHERE, 180 564-573 (2017) [C1]
Qi F, Naidu R, Bolan NS, Dong Z, Yan Y, Lamb D, et al., 'Pyrogenic carbon in Australian soils', SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 586 849-857 (2017) [C1]
Khan N, Clark I, Sánchez-Monedero MA, Shea S, Meier S, Qi F, et al., 'Physical and chemical properties of biochars co-composted with biowastes and incubated with a chicken litter compost', Chemosphere, 142 14-23 (2016) [C1]
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Two experiments were conducted where three biochars, made from macadamia nutshell (MS), hardwood shaving (WS) and chicken litter (CL), were co-composted with ... [more]
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Two experiments were conducted where three biochars, made from macadamia nutshell (MS), hardwood shaving (WS) and chicken litter (CL), were co-composted with chicken manure and sawdust, and also incubated with a chicken litter based commercial compost. Biochars were added at the rates of 5% and 10% in the co-composting and 10% and 20% in the incubation experiment. The rates of biochar had no consistent effect on the change in element contents of composted- or incubated-biochars. The biochar C demonstrated recalcitrance in both composting and incubation systems. Composting increased the CEC of biochars probably due to thermophilic oxidation. The increases in CEC of WS and CL were 6.5 and 2.2 times, respectively, for composting. Translocation of elements, between biochar and compost medium, occurred in both directions. In most cases, biochars gained elements under the influence of positive difference of concentrations (i.e., when compost medium had higher concentration of elements than biochar), while in some cases they lost elements despite a positive difference. Biochar lost some elements (WS: B; CL: B, Mg and S) under the influence of negative difference of concentrations. Some biochars showed strong affinity for B, C, N and S: the concentration of these elements gained by biochars surpassed the concentration in the respective composting medium. The material difference in the biochars did not have influence on N retention: all three netbag-biochars increased their N content. The cost of production of biochar-compost will be lower in co-composting than incubation, which involves two separate processes, i.e., composting and subsequent incubation.
Seshadri B, Bolan NS, Wijesekara H, Kunhikrishnan A, Thangarajan R, Qi F, et al., 'Phosphorus-cadmium interactions in paddy soils', Geoderma, 270 43-59 (2016) [C1]
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Regular application of phosphate (P) fertilisers has been identified as the main source of heavy metal(loid) contamination including cadmium (Cd) in agricultu... [more]
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Regular application of phosphate (P) fertilisers has been identified as the main source of heavy metal(loid) contamination including cadmium (Cd) in agricultural soils. Some of these P fertilisers that act as a source of Cd contamination of soils have also been found to act as a sink for the immobilisation of this metal(loid). In paddy soils, redox reactions play an important role in the (im)mobilisation of nutrients and heavy metal(loid)s, as a result of flooding of the rice plains. Although a number of studies have examined the potential value of P compounds in the immobilisation of metals in contaminated soils, there has been no comprehensive review on the mechanisms involved in the P-induced (im)mobilisation of Cd in paddy soils. There are a number of factors that influences P induced Cd (im)mobilisation in paddy soils that include pH, redox reactions, liming effect, rhizosphere acidification and root iron plaques. Following a brief overview of the reactions of Cd and common P compounds that are used as fertiliser in soils, the review focuses on the above mentioned mechanisms for the (im)mobilisation of Cd by P compounds in paddy soils. The role of iron plaques on Cd status in soil and rice plants is also discussed followed by a summary and future research needs.
Yan Y, Qi F, Balaji S, Xu Y, Hou J, Ok YS, et al., 'Utilization of phosphorus loaded alkaline residue to immobilize lead in a shooting range soil', Chemosphere, 162 315-323 (2016) [C1]
© 2016 Elsevier LtdThe alkaline residue generated from the production of soda ash using the ammonia-soda method has been successfully used in removing phosphorus (P) from aqueous ... [more]
© 2016 Elsevier LtdThe alkaline residue generated from the production of soda ash using the ammonia-soda method has been successfully used in removing phosphorus (P) from aqueous solution. But the accumulation of P-containing solid after P removal is an undesirable menace to the environment. To achieve the goal of recycling, this study explored the feasibility of reusing the P loaded alkaline residue as an amendment for immobilization of lead (Pb) in a shooting range soil. The main crystalline phase and micromorphology of amendments were determined using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy-electron dispersion spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) methods. The toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), sequential extraction procedure, and physiologically based extraction test (PBET) were employed to evaluate the effectiveness of Pb immobilization in soil after 45¿d incubation. Treatment with P loaded alkaline residue was significantly effective in reducing the TCLP and PBET extractable Pb concentrations in contrast to the untreated soil. Moreover, a positive change in the distribution of Pb fractions was observed in the treated soil, i.e., more than 60% of soil-Pb was transformed to the residual fraction compared to the original soil. On the other hand, P loaded amendments also resulted in a drastic reduction in phytoavailable Pb to the winter wheat and a mild release of P as a nutrient in treated soil, which also confirmed the improvement of soil quality.
Khan N, Seshadri B, Bolan N, Saint CP, Kirkham MB, Chowdhury S, et al., 'Root iron plaque on wetland plants as a dynamic pool of nutrients and contaminants 1-96 (2016) [B1]
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Grants and Funding
|Number of grants||2|
Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.
20182 grants / $591,500
Identify the chemistry and transport mechanisms of the ingredients of AFFF in soil and groundwater$408,000
Funding body: CRC CARE Pty Ltd
|Funding body||CRC CARE Pty Ltd|
|Project Team||Doctor Yanju Liu, Doctor Fangjie Qi, Professor Ravi Naidu, Doctor Dawit Bekele, Doctor Prasath Annamalai, Doctor Cheng Fang, Doctor Raja Dharmarajan, Dr Sreenivasulu Chadalavada|
|Type Of Funding||CRC - Cooperative Research Centre|
Funding body: CRC CARE Pty Ltd
|Funding body||CRC CARE Pty Ltd|
|Project Team||Doctor Yanju Liu, Doctor Fangjie Qi, Doctor Mezbaul Bahar, Professor Megh Mallavarapu, Professor Ravi Naidu, Doctor Prasath Annamalai|
|Type Of Funding||CRC - Cooperative Research Centre|