Ms Erin Clarke
For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.
Journal article (5 outputs)
Clarke ED, Rollo ME, Collins CE, Wood L, Callister R, Schumacher T, Haslam RL, 'Changes in vegetable and fruit intakes and effects on anthropometric outcomes in males and females', Nutrition and Dietetics, (2020)
© 2020 Dietitians Australia Aim: To investigate associations between changes in vegetable and fruit (V&F) intakes and anthropometric indices (weight, BMI, % body fat, waist ci... [more]
© 2020 Dietitians Australia Aim: To investigate associations between changes in vegetable and fruit (V&F) intakes and anthropometric indices (weight, BMI, % body fat, waist circumference), including differences by sex, during a dietary weight-loss intervention. Methods: Adults (18-45 years) with overweight/obesity (BMI 25-35 kg/m2) entered a 10-week pre-post study, receiving individualised consults with an Accredited Practising Dietitian targeting increased V&F intakes. Dietary intake was assessed using 24-hour recalls and food frequency questionnaires. Linear mixed models were used to examine how much of the changes in anthropometric indices were explained by changes in V&F intakes. Sex differences were assessed by Wilcoxon rank sum tests. Results: Of the 43 participants enrolled, 34 completed the study (53% female). Significant differences in energy intake and anthropometric indices were observed between males and females at baseline. After 10 weeks, females significantly reduced their weight (-2.9%, P <.01), BMI (-0.82 kg/m2, P <.01), waist circumference (-1.70 cm, P <.01), energy intake (-824 kJ/day, P =.01) and improved diet quality (-14.0% energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods, P <.01). Males significantly reduced weight (-2.5%, P =.04), BMI (-0.76 kg/m2, P =.03), waist circumference (-2.40 cm, P =.02), energy intake (-2875 kJ/day, P <.01), increased fruit intake (+0.89 serves/day, P =.02) and improved diet quality (-6% energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods, P <.01). Compared to the other sex, greater reductions were observed in energy intake in males and energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods in females. Linear mixed models identified that changes in V&F intakes did not explain the variation in anthropometric measures. Conclusion: Future interventions may benefit from trialling sex tailored messages to enhance effects on anthropometric changes.
Clarke ED, Clarke ED, Rollo ME, Rollo ME, Pezdirc K, Collins CE, Collins CE, 'Urinary biomarkers of dietary intake: A review', Nutrition Reviews, 78 364-381 (2020) [C1]
© 2019 The Author(s). Dietary intakes are commonly assessed by established methods including food frequency questionnaires, food records, or recalls. These self-report methods hav... [more]
© 2019 The Author(s). Dietary intakes are commonly assessed by established methods including food frequency questionnaires, food records, or recalls. These self-report methods have limitations impacting validity and reliability. Dietary biomarkers provide objective verification of self-reported food intakes, and represent a rapidly evolving area. This review aims to summarize the urinary biomarkers of individual foods, food groups, dietary patterns, or nutritional supplements that have been evaluated to date. Six electronic databases were searched. Included studies involved healthy populations, were published from 2000, and compared measured dietary intake with urinary markers. The initial search identified 9985 studies; of these, 616 full texts were retrieved and 109 full texts were included. Of the included studies, 67 foods and food components were studied, and 347 unique urinary biomarkers were identified. The most reliable biomarkers identified were whole grains (alkylresorcinols), soy (isoflavones), and sugar (sucrose and fructose). While numerous novel urinary biomarkers have been identified, further validation studies are warranted to verify the accuracy of self-reported intakes and utility within practice.
Clarke ED, Rollo ME, Collins CE, Wood L, Callister R, Philo M, et al., 'The Relationship between Dietary Polyphenol Intakes and Urinary Polyphenol Concentrations in Adults Prescribed a High Vegetable and Fruit Diet.', Nutrients, 12 (2020)
Brain K, Burrows TL, Rollo ME, Chai LK, Clarke ED, Hayes C, et al., 'A systematic review and meta-analysis of nutrition interventions for chronic noncancer pain', Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 32 198-225 (2019) [C1]
© 2018 The British Dietetic Association Ltd. Background: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the impact of nutrition interventions on participant reported pain severity and i... [more]
© 2018 The British Dietetic Association Ltd. Background: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the impact of nutrition interventions on participant reported pain severity and intensity in populations with chronic pain. Methods: Eight databases were systematically searched for studies that included adult populations with a chronic pain condition, a nutrition intervention and a measure of pain. Where possible, data were pooled using meta-analysis. Seventy-one studies were included, with 23 being eligible for meta-analysis. Results: Studies were categorised into four groups: (i) altered overall diet with 12 of 16 studies finding a significant reduction in participant reported pain; (ii) altered specific nutrients with two of five studies reporting a significant reduction in participant reported pain; (iii) supplement-based interventions with 11 of 46 studies showing a significant reduction in pain; and (iv) fasting therapy with one of four studies reporting a significant reduction in pain. The meta-analysis found that, overall, nutrition interventions had a significant effect on pain reduction with studies testing an altered overall diet or just one nutrient having the greatest effect. Conclusions: This review highlights the importance and effectiveness of nutrition interventions for people who experience chronic pain.
Hutchesson M, Callister R, Morgan P, Pranata I, Clarke E, Skinner G, et al., 'A Targeted and Tailored eHealth Weight Loss Program for Young Women: The Be Positive Be Healthe Randomized Controlled Trial', Healthcare, 6 1-19 (2018) [C1]
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Conference (1 outputs)
Hutchesson M, Callister R, Morgan PJ, Pranata I, Skinner G, Collins CE, 'A targeted and tailored eHealth weight loss program for young women: The Be Positive Be Healthe pilot randomised controlled trial', http://www.alswh.org.au/scientificmeeting2016/program, Newcastle, Australia (2016)
September 26, 2017