Mr Eric Badu
- Community-Based Rehabilitation
- Disability and Health Research
- Health Systems Research
- Mental Health
- Mental Health Nursing
- Research Methods
- Social Inclusion
- Systematic review
- English (Fluent)
Fields of Research
|111799||Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified||30|
|111005||Mental Health Nursing||40|
|160807||Sociological Methodology and Research Methods||30|
|Dates||Title||Organisation / Department|
Causual Research Assistant
Business and Economics
|1/10/2018 - 31/12/2018||
Conducted literature search, data extraction and develop an integrative review manuscript entitled "Reducing Workplace Stress by Resilience in the Australian Nursing Workforce – Comprehensive Integrative Review"
|The University of Newcastle
School of Nursing and Midwifery
|18/05/2015 - 31/01/2017||
Research Advisor, West Africa Programmes
Lead and support research and other evidence-generating activities in the area of Disability and Health, Social Inclusion and Inclusive Education for Sightsavers programmes in the West Africa region
|Dates||Title||Organisation / Department|
|3/09/2012 - 30/05/2014||Graduate Teaching and Research Assistant||Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, School of Medical Sciences
Department of Community Health
For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.
Journal article (30 outputs)
Opoku MP, Nketsia W, Banye MA, Mprah WK, Dogbe JA, Badu E, 'Caregiving experiences and expectations of parents with in-school children with intellectual disability in Ghana', Research in Developmental Disabilities, 96 (2020)
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Background: The literature suggests that there are challenges faced by parents of children with intellectual disabilities (ID), which have resulted in calls fo... [more]
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Background: The literature suggests that there are challenges faced by parents of children with intellectual disabilities (ID), which have resulted in calls for support services to be made available to parents and their children with ID. Although regular schools in Ghana are unable to admit students with ID, it is believed that special schools have the necessary facilities to support parents and their children with ID. However, little has been documented on the experiences and expectations of parents whose children with ID are enrolled in a special school. Method: In this qualitative study, one-on-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with purposively recruited parents (n = 20) from the second most populous city in Ghana to explore their caregiving experiences and expectations regarding the education of their school-going children with ID. Results: Although the parents acknowledged that access to education has some benefits, such as the protection of their children with ID from negative societal attitudes and a reduction of their caregiving burden, they had low expectations for their children's education. Furthermore, the parents encountered considerable challenges in catering for their children with ID, such as financial problems and limited access to caregiving skills. Conclusion: There is a need to intensify efforts at public education in relation to disability acceptance as well as to develop formidable social support systems.
Badu E, O'Brien AP, Mitchell R, Rubin M, James C, McNeil K, et al., 'Workplace stress and resilience in the Australian nursing workforce: A comprehensive integrative review', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MENTAL HEALTH NURSING, 29 5-34 (2020)
Deborah TD, Anthony EK, Badu E, Amy BA, Gyamfi N, Josephine AN, Opoku MP, 'The burden of caregiving among mental health nurses providing services to consumers with depression in Ghana', Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 56 72-80 (2020)
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Purpose: The study aims to explore the burden of caregiving among mental health nurses providing services to consumers with depression in Ghana. Des... [more]
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Purpose: The study aims to explore the burden of caregiving among mental health nurses providing services to consumers with depression in Ghana. Design and Methods: Interpretative phenomenological design and qualitative data. Findings: The study shows that several health system constraints and individual factors contribute to the burden of caregiving among mental health nurses. Health system challenges are the poor state of the psychiatric facility, while individual factors are stigmatizing attitudes, nonadherence to medication instructions, limited family support, and physical and verbal abuse. The coping strategies used by mental health nurses are self-motivation, emotional boundaries, and the perceived clinical outcomes of treatment. Practice Implications: Clinical policies, procedures, and health facility practices should adequately address caregiving challenges, to facilitate effective mental health services.
Amoako S, Opoku MP, Nketsia W, Edusei AK, Afriyie SA, Badu E, 'Inclusivity in neo-liberal policy environment: preparedness of mass media to support disability awareness campaigns in Ghana.', Disabil Rehabil, 1-9 (2019)
Badu E, Mitchell R, O'Brien A, 'Pathways to mental health treatment in Ghana: Challenging biomedical methods from herbal- and faith-healing perspectives', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY, 65 527-538 (2019) [C1]
Badu E, Agyei-Baffour P, Ofori Acheampong I, Opoku MP, Addai-Donkor K, 'Perceived satisfaction with health services under National Health Insurance Scheme: Clients' perspectives', International Journal of Health Planning and Management, 34 e964-e975 (2019) [C1]
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. The study aims to explore the perceived satisfaction of insured clients in financing health services through National Health Insurance in Ghan... [more]
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. The study aims to explore the perceived satisfaction of insured clients in financing health services through National Health Insurance in Ghana. A quantitative method was used to recruit 380 respondents, selected by multistage cluster sampling. Data were collected through the administration of questionnaires. More than half, 57.9%, of respondents were males, and the average age was 34¿years. Most respondents, 74.3%, were insured. Overall, 53.12% of insured clients were dissatisfied with the services of providers. Factors, such as benefit package of insurance, willingness to pay higher premium, and perceived discrimination were significantly associated with poor satisfaction with health services. The current advocacy for and awareness about the use of health insurance as a prepayment plan should be prioritised in policy initiatives. The benefit package for the insurance should be increased in order to cover all disease conditions that afflict the Ghanaian population.
Badu E, O'Brien AP, Mitchell R, 'An integrative review on methodological considerations in mental health research - design, sampling, data collection procedure and quality assurance', ARCHIVES OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 77 (2019) [C1]
Badu E, O Brien AP, Mitchell R, 'The Conceptualization of Mental Health Service Quality Assessment: Consumer Perspective', Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 46 790-806 (2019) [C1]
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. This review synthesises theoretical approaches and methodological considerations in mental health service qu... [more]
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. This review synthesises theoretical approaches and methodological considerations in mental health service quality assessment from consumers-perspective. We searched published articles from databases: EMBASE, MEDLINE, CIHNAL, Scopus, Web of Science, and PsycINFO. Of the 30 included papers, 16 contained instruments used to mental health quality assessment and 14 focused on theoretical constructs. The review finds that mental health quality assessment is explained and measured using constructs that focus on structure, process and outcome. The methodological issues that need critical consideration are the context and cultural norms of services, outcome perspectives, evaluator, sources of information as well as the selection of consumers and instruments. The review recommends that researchers and clinicians should consider the theoretical constructs and methodological issues in mental health quality assessment.
Nartey AK, Badu E, Agyei-Baffour P, Gyamfi N, Opoku MP, O'Brien AP, Mitchell R, 'The predictors of treatment pathways to mental health services among consumers in Ghana', Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 55 300-310 (2019) [C1]
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Purpose: To explore factors influencing treatment pathways to mental health services among consumers in Ghana. Design and Methods: Cross-sectional d... [more]
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Purpose: To explore factors influencing treatment pathways to mental health services among consumers in Ghana. Design and Methods: Cross-sectional design using quantitative method. Findings: Treatment pathways for mental illness were general hospitals/clinics, psychiatric hospitals, and faith-based practices. The predisposing (age, household size, primary occupation, ethnicity, marital status, religion, and geographic location, as well as attitudes and beliefs), enabling (affordability), and need factors (severity of mental illness) were significant predictors of treatment pathways. Practice Implications: Current advocacy and awareness for mental health services in Ghana should consider the predisposing, enabling, and need factors of consumers. Policy initiatives on mental health services should ensure adequate financing mechanisms and further establish collaboration between biomedical and faith-based services.
Amissah J, Badu E, Agyei-Baffour P, Nakua EK, Mensah I, 'Predisposing factors influencing occupational injury among frontline building construction workers in Ghana', BMC Research Notes, 12 (2019)
© 2019 The Author(s). Objective: This study aims to examine the predisposing factors influencing occupational injuries among frontline construction workers in Ghana. A cross-secti... [more]
© 2019 The Author(s). Objective: This study aims to examine the predisposing factors influencing occupational injuries among frontline construction workers in Ghana. A cross-sectional survey was carried out with 634 frontline construction workers in Kumasi metropolis of Ghana using a structured questionnaire. The study was conducted from December 2016 to June 2017 using a household-based approach. The respondents were selected through a two-stage sampling approach. A multivariate logistics regression model was employed to examine the association between risk factors and injury. Data was analyzed employing descriptive and inferential statistics with STATA version 14. Results: The study found an injury prevalence of 57.91% among the workers. Open Wounds (37.29%) and fractures (6.78%) were the common and least injuries recorded respectively. The proximal factors (age, sex of worker, income) and distal factors (e.g. work structure, trade specialization, working hours, job/task location, and monthly off days) were risk factors for occupational injuries among frontline construction workers. The study recommends that policymakers and occupational health experts should incorporate the proximal and distal factors in the design of injury prevention as well as management strategies.
Badu E, O'Brien AP, Mitchell R, 'An integrative review of potential enablers and barriers to accessing mental health services in Ghana', BMC Health Research Policy and System, 16 1-19 (2018) [C1]
Opoku MP, Alupo BA, Gyamfi N, Odame L, Mprah WK, Torgbenu EL, Badu E, 'The family and disability in Ghana: Highlighting gaps in achieving social inclusion', Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, 29 41-59 (2017) [B1]
Opoku MP, Agbenyega J, J-F, Mprah WK, Mckenzie J, Badu E, 'Decade of Inclusive Education in Ghana: perspectives of educators', JOURNAL OF SOCIAL INCLUSION, 8 4-20 (2017)
Badu E, 'Experiences of parents of children with intellectual disabilities in the Ashanti Region of Ghana', JOURNAL OF SOCIAL INCLUSION, 7 20-30 (2016)
Ayensu J, Annan RA, Edusei A, Badu E, 'Impact of maternal weight on pregnancy outcomes: a systematic review', Nutrition and Food Science, 46 542-556 (2016)
© 2016, © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Purpose: The nutritional status of a woman before and during pregnancy is important for a healthy pregnancy outcome. The increasing pre... [more]
© 2016, © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Purpose: The nutritional status of a woman before and during pregnancy is important for a healthy pregnancy outcome. The increasing prevalence of maternal overweight and obesity worldwide has become a problem of concern among public health professionals. The purpose of this paper is to review the evidence regarding the impact of maternal weight on pregnancy outcomes to facilitate the provision of evidence-based information to pregnant women during antenatal clinics in Ghana. Design/methodology/approach: A search was conducted in PubMed, PLOS ONE, Cochrane, Embase and bibliographies for all studies on maternal weight and pregnancy outcomes published from January 2000 to May 2013. The key words used for the search were: ¿pre-pregnancy BMI¿, ¿gestational weight gain¿, ¿maternal weight¿, ¿pregnancy outcomes¿ and ¿birth outcomes¿. Findings: The search yielded 113 papers; out of these, 35 studies were included in the review after exclusion of duplicates and irrelevant papers. Excluded papers included animal studies and human studies that did not meet inclusion criteria. Research limitations/implications: The review only considered papers published from 2000 to 2013 and might have left out other important papers published before 2000 and after 2013. Practical implications: The origins of the studies included in the review suggest paucity of studies on maternal weight and pregnancy outcomes in developing countries where there is a double burden of malnutrition. There is the need for more studies to be initiated in this area. Social implications: Results of this review have revealed that the extremes of maternal weight prior to and during pregnancy increase the risk of maternal and fetal complications. Originality/value: This paper provides evidential information on the impact of maternal weight on pregnancy outcomes for counseling during antenatal clinics.
Opoku MP, Huyser N, Mprah WK, Badu E, Alupo BA, 'Sexual violence against women with disabilities in ghana: Accounts of women with disabilities from Ashanti Region', Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development, 27 91-111 (2016)
© 2016, Action for Disability Regional Rehabilitation Centre. All rights reserved. Purpose: Women with disabilities are particularly vulnerable to violence and often at risk of be... [more]
© 2016, Action for Disability Regional Rehabilitation Centre. All rights reserved. Purpose: Women with disabilities are particularly vulnerable to violence and often at risk of being violated sexually. The study aimed to document the causes and consequences of sexual violence against women with disabilities in Mampong Municipality of Ashanti region in Ghana. Methods: This exploratory study recruited 41 participants, made up of women living with intellectual, visual and hearing disabilities, who were interviewed using convenience and snowball sampling techniques. Results: It was found that many participants had suffered sexual violence and factors such as poverty, rejection by families, isolation and unemployment were given as the cause. It was also found that these women suffered consequences such as unwanted pregnancies, divorce, outright rejection and psychological trauma. Conclusion: The current situation of women with disabilities make it impossible for them to escape sexual violence. Therefore, it is essential that national awareness campaigns be fashioned to encourage people to provide support to their family members with disabilities.
Badu E, Opoku MP, Appiah SCY, 'Attitudes of health service providers: The perspective of people with disabilities in the Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana.', Afr J Disabil, 5 181 (2016)
Mensah SA, Badu E, Opoku MP, 'Towards an inclusive society in Ghana: An analysis of challenges persons with disabilities face in participating in tourism in the Ashanti region', JOURNAL OF SOCIAL INCLUSION, 6 64-76 (2015)
Opoku MP, Badu E, Amponteng M, Agyei-Okyere E, 'Inclusive education at the crossroads in ashanti and brong ahafo regions in ghana: Target not achievable by 2015', Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development, 26 63-78 (2015)
© 2015 Action for Disability Regional Rehabilitation Centre. All rights reserved. Purpose: Inclusive education, widely acknowledged as an alternative method of making education ac... [more]
© 2015 Action for Disability Regional Rehabilitation Centre. All rights reserved. Purpose: Inclusive education, widely acknowledged as an alternative method of making education accessible to children with special needs, has been piloted for 10 years in selected districts of Ghana. This article aims to discuss the feasibility of implementing it throughout the country, by assessing the inclusive education programme piloted in Ghana¿s Ashanti and BrongAhafo regions. Method: One round of in-depth interviews was conducted with 31 participants, to collect data on the issue under study. Participants were officials of Special Education at the national Head Office, District Special Education Coordinators, Resource Teachers, Headmasters and Classroom Teachers of inclusive education. Results: The study findings indicated that the pilot programme did not live up to expectations when faced with challenges such as inaccessible environments, lack of resources, lack of funds, lack of qualified teachers, poor teaching methods and negative attitudes of teachers towards children with disabilities. Conclusion: It is very unrealistic to commence inclusive education programmes unless practical measures are put in place, such as adequate funding from the government and provision of sufficient resources for inclusive schools.
Badu E, Opoku MP, Appiah SCY, Agyei-Okyere E, 'Financial access to healthcare among persons with disabilities in the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana', Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development, 26 47-64 (2015)
© 2015, Action for Disability Regional Rehabilitation Centre. All rights reserved. Purpose: According to the World Health Organisation, 10% to 15% of the population of every devel... [more]
© 2015, Action for Disability Regional Rehabilitation Centre. All rights reserved. Purpose: According to the World Health Organisation, 10% to 15% of the population of every developing country lives with disability. This amounts to about 2.4 - 3.6 million Ghanaians with disability. Since their contribution is important for the development of the country, this study aimed to assess the financial access to healthcare among persons with disabilities in the Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana. Methods: A cross-sectional study, involving administration of a semistructured questionnaire, was conducted among persons with all kinds of disabilities (physically challenged, hearing and visually impaired) in the Kumasi Metropolis. Multi-stage sampling was used to randomly select 255 persons with disabilities from 5 clusters of communities-Oforikrom, Subin, Asewase, Tafo and Asokwa. Data analysis involved descriptive and analytical statistics at 95% CI using SPSS software version 20. Results: There were more male than female participants, nearly one-third of them had no formal education and 28.6% were unemployed. The average monthly expenditure on healthcare was GHC 21.46 (USD 6.0) which constituted 9.8% of the respondents¿ income. Factors such as age, gender, disability type, education, employment, and whether or not they stayed with family members had significant bearing on the average monthly expenses on healthcare (p<0.05). Transportation cost, the travel distance to facilities, and the regular sources of payment for healthcare, had significant relationship with access to healthcare (p<0.05). Although about 63.5% of the respondents used the National Health Insurance Scheme as the regular source of payment for healthcare, 94.1% reported that sources of payment did not cover all their expenses and equipment. Conclusion: Financial access to healthcare remains a major challenge for persons with disabilities. Measures to finance all healthcare expenses of persons with disabilities are urgently needed to improve their acc ess to healthcare.
Opoku MP, Badu E, Moitui JN, 'Towards an inclusive society in cameroon: Understanding the perceptions of students in university of Yaounde II about persons with disabilities', Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development, 26 92-103 (2015)
© 2015, Action for Disability Regional Rehabilitation Centre. All rights reserved. Purpose: Disability cuts across every society and all spheres of life. For an inclusive society,... [more]
© 2015, Action for Disability Regional Rehabilitation Centre. All rights reserved. Purpose: Disability cuts across every society and all spheres of life. For an inclusive society, it is important to understand people¿s perceptions about persons with disabilities. However, there seems to be limited information, particularly about the perceptions of students who are the generation of future policy-makers. This study examines the perceptions of students in the University of Yaoundé II about persons with disabilities in Cameroon. Methods: A cross sectional study design using quantitative methods was employed with a sample of students at the University of Yaoundé II. A questionnaire was used to gather information from 500 students selected by simple random sampling. The data analysis involved descriptive and inferential statistics at 95% CI. Results: Among the participants, 51.8% were males, 89.2% were single and the average age was 24.9 years. Findings showed that 69.8% did not know about the actual population of persons with disabilities in Cameroon, though 14.6% had relatives with disabilities. None of the students perceived disability as a contagious condition, and 79.8% agreed that education had influenced their perceptions about persons with disabilities. Gender and education level had significant relationship with changes in perception (OR=1.8; p=0.01 and OR=1.91; p=0.04). However, 13.5% were unwilling to work with a person with disability in the future. Conclusion: The findings suggest that issues of disability have not been taken into consideration in Cameroon. Therefore, there is the need for education and sensitisation of the general population towards disability. Additionally, policy-makers should factor persons with disabilities into national strategic plans, in order to ensure an inclusive society.
Edusei AK, Aggrey SM, Badu E, Opoku MP, 'Accessibility and participation of persons with disabilities in tourism: Perspective of tourism workers in the Ashanti region of Ghana', Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development, 26 97-110 (2015)
© 2015, Action for Disability Regional Rehabilitation Centre. All rights reserved. Purpose: Tourism contributes a great deal to the world¿s economy. However, persons with disabili... [more]
© 2015, Action for Disability Regional Rehabilitation Centre. All rights reserved. Purpose: Tourism contributes a great deal to the world¿s economy. However, persons with disabilities are underrepresented in the industry, particularly in Ghana, due to inaccessible tourism structures and facilities. Accessibility and participation in tourism will enhance social inclusion of persons with disabilities. This study sought to document the nature of access as well as the participation of persons with disabilities in tourism, from the perspective of tourism workers in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Methods: An exploratory study using qualitative methods was conducted among workers at tourist centres in the Ashanti region of Ghana. A total of 21 participants were involved in the study. A voice-recorded interview was used to collect data from respondents. Results were generated through thematic content analysis to develop themes. Results: Findings revealed that the participation of persons with disabilities in tourism is limited due to factors such as the inaccessible tourism environment, the nature of transport services and the language barrier. Suggested provisions were canopy walks, accessible banquets, vehicles, and sign language interpreters at various tourism destinations. Conclusion: Tourism destinations should be made disability friendly through regulations, monitoring and supervision with regard to accessibility, structures and environment.
|Show 27 more journal articles|
Conference (1 outputs)
Amissah J, Agyei-Baffour P, Badu E, Nakua EK, 'THE ECONOMIC BURDEN OF OCCUPATIONAL INJURY AMONG FRONTLINE CONSTRUCTION WORKERS IN GHANA', VALUE IN HEALTH (2018)
Grants and Funding
|Number of grants||2|
Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.
20182 grants / $97,287
Funding body: University of Newcastle
|Funding body||University of Newcastle|
|Scheme||2017 UNIPRS (Tuition Fees) and 2017 UNRS Central Scholarship|
|Type Of Funding||Not Known|
Funding body: Priority Research Centre for Health Behaviour (PRCHB)
|Funding body||Priority Research Centre for Health Behaviour (PRCHB)|
|Scheme||Priority Research Centre for Health Behaviour (PRCHB)|
|Type Of Funding||Internal|
Eye Health Systems Assessment (EHSA) in Senegal 2015 - 2018
The overall aim of this study was to assess the eye health system in Senegal, to identify its key weaknesses and strengths and to inform future planning of eye care services integrated into the broader health system. The specific objectives of the study were: 1. To understand how the health system operates at different administrative levels; 2. To document the key structures involved in the delivery of eye health services; 3. To analyse the links between the eye health system and the general health system; 4. To identify potential health system strengthening interventions
Eye Health Systems Assessment in Mali (EHSA) 2015 - 2017
The overall aim was to describe the eye health system in Mali, assess its relative strengths and weaknesses and explore its interconnections with the general health system in order to make recommendations to inform the design of the new Eye Health Strategic Plan.
Ghana Disability Data Disaggregation Pilot Project: Results of Integrating Disability in to Routine Data Collection Systems 2016 - 2018
A pilot project in Ghana was established to understand how data may be collected in a system where community members were responsible for delivering interventions and collecting data on intervention uptake. It was anticipated that the pilot, which tested collecting disability data within a Neglected tropical Disease (NTD) programme, will help to refine the analysis of data, strengthen local Health Information Management Systems (HMIS) and improve programme quality not only in Ghana but in the West Africa region and beyond
The Quality of Mental Health Services in Ghana - Providers and Consumers Perspectives 2018 - 2021
The study aims to measure the quality of mental health services provided to consumers in Ghana. Specifically, the study intends to measure the satisfaction of consumers; assess the efficacy of mental health services; the influence of individual factors (socio-demographic information, need factors, attitudes and beliefs) on consumers’ satisfaction; the functioning (physical, social, mental and emotional) and further explore providers and consumers expectation towards the recovery journey. Using a mixed methods approach, questionnaires will be administered to 300 consumers, 15 in-depth interviews with consumers and 20 in-depth interviews with mental health professionals. The evidence is anticipated to inform policymakers to formulate clinical policies, planning, monitoring and evaluation of mental health services that incorporate the perspective of providers and consumers.