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Dr Ning Gu

Associate Professor

School of Architecture and Built Environment (Architecture)

Career Summary

Biography

Dr. Ning Gu’s most significant research contributions have been made towards research in architectural and design computing, including topics such as generative design systems; computational design analysis, computer-supported collaborative design; virtual environments; Building Information Modelling (BIM); agent-based computing; digital design and rapid prototyping; and design education. The outcomes of his research have been documented in over 120 academic articles and published designs. He is an Assessor for the Australian Research Council (ARC). He is a reviewer/guest editor for various international journals (Design Studies, Automation in Construction; AIEDAM, ITCon), and reviewer/chair for various international conferences (CAAD Futures; DCC, CAADRIA; CONVR; ANZAScA; IASDR) in the field of architectural and design computing. He has been identified as an Emerging Research Leader during 2011-2012, and received the Pro Vice-Chancellor's Award for Research Excellence at the University of Newcastle in 2010. Ning’s career highlight includes being a Chief Investigator of an ARC Discovery Project (2010-2013) to develop computational design analysis of 20th Century canonical buildings; and being the Research Leader of a Cooperative Research Centre for Construction Innovation (CRC-CI) project (2007-2008) to examine the use of BIM as collaboration platforms for the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry. In the BIM project, he has collaborated closely with leading industry partners and government sectors such as Bovis Lend Lease, Woods Bagot, John Holland, Thiess, Leighton Contractors, the State of Queensland and Sydney Opera House. He has also led or participated in various research projects on design grammars, procedural content generation in game environments, collaborative design in 3D virtual environments as well as mobile computing in design, at the University of Newcastle and the University of Sydney. He was a visiting scholar at Columbia University in 2002 and at MIT in 2011.

Research Expertise
Dr. Ning Gu's research expertise is in architectural and design computing. His current research interests are generative design systems; computational design analysis, computer-supported collaborative design; virtual environments; Building Information Modelling (BIM) and design cognition.

Teaching Expertise
Dr. Ning Gu teaches into the broad areas of computational design and digital architecture.

Administrative Expertise
Dr. Ning Gu is Program Convenor for Bachelor of Design (Architecture) at the School of Architecture and Built Environment. He is on the Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment Academic Promotions Committee; Teaching and Learning Committee; and Methodological Peer Review Committee.



Qualifications

  • Doctor of Philosophy, University of Sydney

Keywords

  • Agent-based Computing
  • Building Information Modelling (BIM)
  • Computational Design Analysis
  • Computer-supported Collaborative Design
  • Design Education
  • Digital Architecture
  • Digital Design and Rapid Prototyping
  • Generative Design Systems
  • Rapid Prototyping
  • Virtual Environments

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
120101 Architectural Design 60
120199 Architecture not elsewhere classified 40

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Associate Professor University of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/07/2012 -  Program Convenor - Bachelor of Design (Architecture) University of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia
1/01/2012 -  Membership - The Association for Education and Research in Computer-Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe) The Association for Education and Research in Computer-Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe)
Australia
1/04/2010 -  Grant Assessor ARC (Australian Research Council)
1/03/2010 - 1/07/2012 Student Academic Conduct Officer (SACO) University of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia
1/01/2010 -  Conference Chair - The 16th Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA) The 16th Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA)
China
1/04/2009 - 1/04/2012 Outreach Officer The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA)
China
1/01/2009 -  Editor - Automation in Construction (International Journal) Automation in Construction (International Journal)
Australia
1/01/2009 - 31/12/2010 Conference Chair - The 15th Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA) The 15th Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA)
China
1/07/2008 - 1/11/2009 Masters Research Co-supervisor (External) The University of Sydney
Australia
1/01/2008 - 31/12/2009 Membership - Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA) Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA)
Australia
1/01/2008 - 31/12/2009 Conference Chair - The 9th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality (CONVR) The 9th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality (CONVR)
Australia
1/01/2007 -  Membership - The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA) The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA)
China
1/01/2007 -  Membership - Methodological Peer Review Committee, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, University of Newcastle, Australia University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment
1/01/2007 - 31/12/2008 Conference Chair - The 42nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA) The 42nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA)
Australia
1/07/2002 - 1/11/2006 Part-time Lecturer

Digital Architecture; Design Computing; Digital Media

The University of Sydney
Faculty of Architecture
Australia
1/06/1999 - 1/11/2006 Part-time Research Assistant

Digital Architecture; Design Computing; Digital Media

The University of Sydney
Faculty of Architecture
Australia

Awards

Recognition

Year Award
2012 Emerging Research Leader
University of Newcastle

Research Award

Year Award
2010 Pro Vice-Chancellor's Award for Research Excellence
University of Newcastle
2007 CAADRIA 2007 Conference Best Presentation Award
The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA)

Invitations

PhD Examiner

Year Title / Rationale
2012 Collective Intelligence in Online Innovation Communities
Organisation: University of Sydney Description: Dr. Ning Gu's research expertise led to this invitation.

Research Masters Examiner

Year Title / Rationale
2011 Growth and Replication: Exploring Facade Subdivision Based on Natural Processes
Organisation: Deakin University Description: Dr. Ning Gu's research expertise led to this invitation.
2008 Specifying a Mixed Reality-Supported Collaborative System to Increase the Level of Co-Presence
Organisation: University of Sydney Description: Dr. Ning Gu's research expertise led to this invitation.

Speaker

Year Title / Rationale
2009 International Presenter Series
Organisation: Australian Studies Centre Description: Dr. Ning Gu's expertise in applying virtual environments in design education led to the invitation of this presentation. The presentation aimed to introduce Thai researchers to the use of advanced IT tools in learning and to develop potential collaborative projects between the two nations.
2006 Faculty of Information Technology Research Seminar, UTS
Organisation: Faculty of Information Technology, University of Technology, Sydney Description: Ning Gu's research record on virtual environments led to the invitation of this seminar. Computer scientists in UTS were interested in applying 3D virtual worlds in developing electronic institutions. Ning's expertises in virtual environment research are closely related to their project. A refereed conference paper was also co-authored by Ning and the UTS team after the seminar.
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Book (3 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2014 Gu N, Maher ML, Designing Adaptive Virtual Worlds, DE GRUYTER OPEN, Warsaw/Berlin, 144 (2014) [A1]
2012 Gu N, Wang X, Computational Design Methods and Technologies: Applications in CAD, CAM and CAE Education, IGI Global, Hershey, PA, 488 (2012) [A3]
Citations Scopus - 1
2009 Gu N, Ostwald M, Williams AP, Computing, Cognition and Education: Recent Research in the Architectural Sciences, ANZAScA, Sydney, NSW, 256 (2009) [A3]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald

Chapter (21 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Gu N, 'Generative Design Grammars: An Intelligent Approach Towards Dynamic and Autonomous Design', Architecture and Mathematics from Antiquity to the Future, Birkhäuser Basel, Switzerland 619-631 (2015)
2014 Gu N, Singh V, London K, 'BIM Ecosystem: The Coevolution of Products, Processes, and People', Building Information Modeling: BIM in Current and Future Practice, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ 197-210 (2014) [B1]
2014 Gul LF, Gu N, Kim MJ, Wang X, 'Methods for Assessing 3D Virtual Worlds in Design Education', Cases on the Assessment of Scenario and Game-Based Virtual Worlds in Higher Education, IGI Global, Hershey, PA 152-174 (2014) [B1]
DOI 10.4018/978-1-4666-4470-0
2012 Giggins HP, Gu N, 'Web 2.0 opportunities for professional placement', Work Ready: E-Portfolios to Support Professional Placements, Office for Learning and Teaching, Sydney, NSW 123-136 (2012) [B2]
Co-authors Helen Giggins
2012 Kim MJ, Maher ML, Gu N, 'Mobile and pervasive computing: The future for design collaboration', Mobile and Pervasive Computing in Construction, Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester 169-188 (2012) [B1]
2012 Gu N, Ostwald M, 'Computational methods and technologies: Reflections on their impact on design and education', Computational Design Methods and Technologies: Applications in CAD, CAM and CAE Education, IGI Global, Hershey, PA 412-419 (2012) [B1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2012 Gul LF, Williams AP, Gu N, 'Constructivist learning theory in virtual design studios', Computational Design Methods and Technologies: Applications in CAD, CAM and CAE Education, IGI Global, Hershey, PA 139-162 (2012) [B1]
2011 Williams AP, Gu N, Askland HH, 'Virtuality - Offering opportunites for creativity', Design Creativity 2010, Springer, London 183-190 (2011) [B1]
Co-authors Hedda Askland
2011 Williams AP, Gu N, Gul L, 'The introduction of a problem-based learning approach to the implementation of a virtual reality context', Teaching and Learning in 3D Immersive Worlds: Pedagogical Models and Constructivist Approaches, IGI Global, Hershey, PA 226-246 (2011) [B1]
2011 Gu N, Merrick K, 'A pedagogical approach to exploring place and interaction design in collaborative virtual environments', Collaborative Design in Virtual Environments, Springer, London 111-120 (2011) [B1]
DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-0605-7_10
2010 Olatunji OA, Sher WD, Gu N, 'Modelling outcomes of collaboration in building information modelling through gaming theory lenses', Industrialised, Integrated, Intelligent Sustainable Construction: I3CON HANDBOOK 2, I3CON & BSRIA, London, UK 93-108 (2010) [B1]
Co-authors Willy Sher
2010 Gu N, Singh V, Taylor C, London KA, Brankovic L, 'Bim adoption: Expectations across disciplines', Handbook of Research on Building Information Modeling and Construction Informatics: Concepts and Technologies, Information Science Reference, Hershey, Pennsylvania 501-520 (2010) [B1]
DOI 10.4018/978-1-60566-928-1.ch022
Co-authors Ljiljana Brankovic
2010 London KA, Singh V, Gu N, Taylor C, Brankovic L, 'Towards the development of a project decision support framework for adoption of an integrated building information model using a model server', Handbook of Research on Building Information Modeling and Construction Informatics: Concepts and Technologies, Information Science Reference, Hershey, Pennsylvania 270-301 (2010) [B1]
DOI 10.4018/978-1-60566-928-1.ch013
Co-authors Ljiljana Brankovic
2010 Gu N, Wang X, 'Augmented reality: A novel approach to interfacing building information modelling servers for design collaboration', Built Environment: Design Management and Applications, Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge 319-333 (2010) [B1]
2009 Gu N, Singh V, 'Building information modelling: Implications for the AEC industry', Computing, Cognition and Education: Recent Research in the Architectural Sciences, ANZAScA, Sydney, New South Wales 47-62 (2009) [B1]
2009 Gul LF, Gu N, Williams AP, 'The impact of embodiment on design cognition: A method to investigate design behaviour in collaborative design environments', Computing, Cognition and Education: Recent Research in the Architectural Sciences, ANZAScA, Sydney, New South Wales 111-126 (2009) [B1]
2009 Ostwald M, Williams AP, Gu N, 'Introduction: Research in computing, cognition and education: Investing in a knowledge-based economy', Computing, Cognition and Education: Recent Research in the Architectural Sciences, ANZAScA, Sydney, NSW 5-8 (2009) [B2]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2009 Gu N, Gul LF, Williams AP, Nakapan W, 'Second Life: A Context for Design Learning', Higher Education in Virtual Worlds: Teaching and Learning in Second Life, Emerald Group Publishing, Bingley, United Kingdom 159-180 (2009) [B1]
2009 Gul LF, Williams AP, Gu N, 'Understanding the role of virtual environments in collaborative design', Collaborative Working Environments for Architectural Design, Palombi Editori, Rome, Italy 105-117 (2009) [B1]
2008 Gu N, 'A grammar for dynamic and autonomous design in 3D virtual environments', Nexus VII: Architecture and Mathematics, Kim Williams Books, Turin, Italy 11-22 (2008) [B1]
2007 Gu N, Maher ML, 'Designing Curious Places: Digital and Computing Technologies in the Workplace', Public #3 Work Life, Woods Bagot Research Press, Melbourne, Victoria 101-115 (2007) [B1]
Show 18 more chapters

Journal article (34 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Yu R, Ostwald MJ, Gu N, 'Parametrically Generating New Instances of Traditional Chinese Private Gardens that Replicate Selected Socio-Spatial and Aesthetic Properties', Nexus Network Journal, (2015)

This paper describes the use of a parametric system for generating garden plans that replicate selected socio-spatial characteristics and aesthetic properties of traditional Chine... [more]

This paper describes the use of a parametric system for generating garden plans that replicate selected socio-spatial characteristics and aesthetic properties of traditional Chinese private gardens (TCPGs). To achieve this, the spatial characteristics of three historic TCPGs are first mathematically derived using connectivity analysis, a variation of a space syntax technique. The data developed through this process is then used to shape the rules of a parametric system to generate new garden plans with similar spatial connectivity values and structures. While these new plans capture some of the socio-spatial features of the TCPG, the other important characteristic of these gardens is a particular level of visual complexity. Using fractal analysis, the characteristic visual complexity of the newly generated garden plans is then compared with the historic cases, to assess the success of the system in aesthetic terms. Through this three-stage process (syntactical derivation, parametric generation and fractal analysis) the paper demonstrates a method for capturing selected spatial and aesthetic properties in a parametric system and also provides new tools for landscape design in the context of specific historical sites and approaches.

DOI 10.1007/s00004-015-0263-7
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2015 Lee JH, Ostwald MJ, Gu N, 'A syntactical and grammatical approach to architectural configuration, analysis and generation', Architectural Science Review, (2015)

The combination of Space Syntax and Shape Grammar approaches to design potentially offers a rigorous way of first understanding a characteristic instance of architectural configur... [more]

The combination of Space Syntax and Shape Grammar approaches to design potentially offers a rigorous way of first understanding a characteristic instance of architectural configuration (say, a set of designs by an architect or a particular building type) and then producing variations of that instance. This paper presents a method that commences with a justified plan graph-grammar-based analysis of an architectural design, and then uses a grammatical interpretation of the structure of this syntax. Using this graph as a starting point, it is then possible to develop a 3D shape grammar of the same building. In this way, both syntactical and formal information are captured as part of the sequential analysis. This combined analytical approach can support a better understanding of an architectural style and its design instances as well as the generative capability of these two computational theories ¿ Space Syntax and Shape Grammar. The paper introduces this combined method and then demonstrates it using 10 house designs by Glenn Murcutt.

DOI 10.1080/00038628.2015.1015948
Co-authors Michael Ostwald, Juhyun Lee
2015 Gu N, Watanabe S, Gero J, 'Editorial', International Journal of Architectural Computing, 13 iii-iv (2015)
DOI 10.1260/1478-0771.13.1.iii
2015 Yu R, Gero J, Gu N, 'Architects' cognitive behaviour in parametric design', International Journal of Architectural Computing, 13 83-101 (2015)

This paper presents the results of a protocol study of professional architects' cognitive behaviour in a parametric design environment. A design experiment was conducted in which ... [more]

This paper presents the results of a protocol study of professional architects' cognitive behaviour in a parametric design environment. A design experiment was conducted in which eight professional architects completed an architectural conceptual design task in a typical parametric design environment -Rhino and Grasshopper. Protocol analysis was then applied to analyse the cognitive behaviour of the architects. In analysing the protocol data, the FBS ontology adopted for developing the coding scheme was sub-divided into design knowledge and rule algorithm classes as the means to capture designers' cognitive behaviour. Applying the method of cumulative analysis, results of the relative cognitive effort expended on design knowledge and rule algorithm classes have been compared and are discussed in the paper.

DOI 10.1260/1478-0771.13.1.83
2015 Lee JH, Ostwald MJ, Gu N, 'A syntactical and grammatical approach to architectural configuration, analysis and generation', Architectural Science Review, 58 189-204 (2015)

The combination of Space Syntax and Shape Grammar approaches to design potentially offers a rigorous way of first understanding a characteristic instance of architectural configur... [more]

The combination of Space Syntax and Shape Grammar approaches to design potentially offers a rigorous way of first understanding a characteristic instance of architectural configuration (say, a set of designs by an architect or a particular building type) and then producing variations of that instance. This paper presents a method that commences with a justified plan graph-grammar-based analysis of an architectural design, and then uses a grammatical interpretation of the structure of this syntax. Using this graph as a starting point, it is then possible to develop a 3D shape grammar of the same building. In this way, both syntactical and formal information are captured as part of the sequential analysis. This combined analytical approach can support a better understanding of an architectural style and its design instances as well as the generative capability of these two computational theories - Space Syntax and Shape Grammar. The paper introduces this combined method and then demonstrates it using 10 house designs by Glenn Murcutt.

DOI 10.1080/00038628.2015.1015948
Co-authors Juhyun Lee, Michael Ostwald
2015 Lee JH, Gu N, Ostwald M, 'Creativity and parametric design? Comparing designer's cognitive approaches with assessed levels of creativity', International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, 3 78-94 (2015) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/21650349.2014.931826
Co-authors Michael Ostwald, Juhyun Lee
2014 Yu R, Gu N, Ostwald M, Gero JS, 'Empirical support for problem-solution coevolution in a parametric design environment', Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing: AIEDAM, 29 33-44 (2014) [C1]

This paper describes the results of a protocol study exploring problem-solution coevolution in a parametric design environment (PDE). The study involved eight participants who com... [more]

This paper describes the results of a protocol study exploring problem-solution coevolution in a parametric design environment (PDE). The study involved eight participants who completed a defined architectural design task using Rhino and Grasshopper software: a typical PDE. The method of protocol analysis was employed to study the cognitive behaviors that occurred while these designers were working in the PDE. By analyzing the way in which the designers shifted between "problem" and "solution" spaces in the PDE, characteristics of the coevolutionary design process are identified and discussed. Results of this research include two potentially significant observations. First, the coevolution process occurs frequently within the design knowledge level (i.e., when using Rhino) and within the rule algorithm level (i.e., when using Grasshopper) of the parametric design process. Second, the designers' coevolution process was focused on the design knowledge level at the beginning of the design session, while they focused more on the rule algorithm level toward the end of the design session. These results support an improved understanding of the design process that occurs in PDEs.

DOI 10.1017/S0890060414000316
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2014 Tuapawa K, Sher W, Gu N, 'Pentexonomy: A Multi-Dimensional Taxonomy of Educational Online Technologies.', International Journal of Web-Based Learning and Teaching Technologies, 9 41-59 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.4018/ijwltt.2014010104
Co-authors Willy Sher
2014 Yu R, Gu N, Ostwald M, Gero JS, 'Empirical support for problem-solution coevolution in a parametric design environment', Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing: AIEDAM, 29 33-44 (2014) [C1]

This paper describes the results of a protocol study exploring problem-solution coevolution in a parametric design environment (PDE). The study involved eight participants who com... [more]

This paper describes the results of a protocol study exploring problem-solution coevolution in a parametric design environment (PDE). The study involved eight participants who completed a defined architectural design task using Rhino and Grasshopper software: a typical PDE. The method of protocol analysis was employed to study the cognitive behaviors that occurred while these designers were working in the PDE. By analyzing the way in which the designers shifted between "problem" and "solution" spaces in the PDE, characteristics of the coevolutionary design process are identified and discussed. Results of this research include two potentially significant observations. First, the coevolution process occurs frequently within the design knowledge level (i.e., when using Rhino) and within the rule algorithm level (i.e., when using Grasshopper) of the parametric design process. Second, the designers' coevolution process was focused on the design knowledge level at the beginning of the design session, while they focused more on the rule algorithm level toward the end of the design session. These results support an improved understanding of the design process that occurs in PDEs.

DOI 10.1017/S0890060414000316
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2014 Lee JH, Gu N, Williams AP, 'Parametric design strategies for the generation of creative designs', International Journal of Architectural Computing, 12 263-282 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1260/1478-0771.12.3.263
Citations Scopus - 1
Co-authors Juhyun Lee
2013 Lee J, Song JH, Oh KS, Gu N, 'Information lifecycle management with RFID for material control on construction sites', Advanced Engineering Informatics, 27 108-119 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.aei.2012.11.004
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 3
Co-authors Juhyun Lee
2013 Yu R, Gu N, Lee JH, 'Comparing designers' behavior in responding to unexpected discoveries in parametric design environments and geometry modeling environments', International Journal of Architectural Computing, 11 393-414 (2013) [C1]

This paper presents a protocol study which compares designers' behaviors when unexpected discoveries appear in a parametric design environment (PDE) and a traditional geometry mod... [more]

This paper presents a protocol study which compares designers' behaviors when unexpected discoveries appear in a parametric design environment (PDE) and a traditional geometry modeling environment (GME). From the view of design situatedness, designers tend to adapt and respond to the design situation as it continuously changes during the design process. The hypothesis is that when unexpected discoveries appear, these changing design situations can significantly affect designers' cognitive activities. In this study, we are interested in exploring designers' behaviors in responding to these unexpected discoveries in PDEs, and further, to compare those behaviors in GMEs. An experiment was conducted in which five designers completed two similar design tasks respectively in a PDE and a GME. Applying the research method of protocol analysis, designers' behaviors in response to unexpected discoveries in these two design environments are compared and discussed.

DOI 10.1260/1478-0771.11.4.393
Citations Scopus - 1
Co-authors Juhyun Lee
2013 Merrick KE, Isaacs A, Barlow M, Gu N, 'A shape grammar approach to computational creativity and procedural content generation in massively multiplayer online role playing games', Entertainment Computing, 4 115-130 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.entcom.2012.09.006
Citations Scopus - 2
2013 Gu N, Yu R, Ostwald M, 'Comparing Designers' Problem-Solving Behavior in a Parametric Design Environment and a Geometric Modeling Environment', Buildings, 3 621-638 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.3390/buildings3030621
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2012 Gu N, Wang X, 'Preface', Computational Design Methods and Technologies: Applications in CAD, CAM and CAE Education, (2012) [O1]
DOI 10.4018/978-1-61350-180-1
2012 Singh V, Gu N, 'Towards an integrated generative design framework', Design Studies, 33 185-207 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 10Web of Science - 6
2012 Yu R, Gu N, Ostwald M, 'Using situated FBS ontology to explore designers' patterns of behavior in parametric environments', ITcon: Journal of Information Technology in Construction, 17 271-282 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 2
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2011 Singh V, Gu N, Wang X, 'A theoretical framework of a BIM-based multi-disciplinary collaboration platform', Automation in Construction, 20 134-144 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.autcon.2010.09.011
Citations Scopus - 85Web of Science - 43
2011 Gu N, Kim MJ, Maher ML, 'Technological advancements in synchronous collaboration: The effect of 3D virtual worlds and tangible user interfaces on architectural design', Automation in Construction, 20 270-278 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.autcon.2010.10.004
Citations Scopus - 14Web of Science - 4
2011 Wang X, Gu N, 'Augmented and virtual reality in architecture, engineering and construction (CONVR 2009)', Automation in Construction, 20 227 (2011) [C6]
2011 Wang X, Gu N, 'Automation in Construction: Special issue CONVR 2009', Automation in Construction, 20 227 (2011) [C3]
2011 Merrick KE, Gu N, Wang X, 'Case studies using multiuser virtual worlds as an innovative platform for collaborative design', Electronic Journal of Information Technology in Construction, 16 165-188 (2011) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 7
2010 Gu N, London K, 'Understanding and facilitating BIM adoption in the AEC industry', Automation in Construction, 19 988-999 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.autcon.2010.09.002
Citations Scopus - 95Web of Science - 34
2010 Olatunji OA, Sher WD, Gu N, 'Building information modeling and quantity surveying practice', Emirates Journal for Engineering Research, 15 67-70 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.174-177.3404
Citations Scopus - 1
Co-authors Willy Sher
2010 Gu N, Tsai JJ-H, 'Interactive graphical representation for collaborative 3D virtual worlds', Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, 25 55-68 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-8667.2009.00613.x
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 4
2009 Gao Y, Gu N, 'Complexity, human agents, and architectural design: A computational framework', Design Principles & Practices: An International Journal, 3 115-125 (2009) [C1]
Co-authors Yin Gao
2009 Gu N, Tsai JJH, 'Interactive graphical representation for architectural style study in 3D virtual worlds', Architectural Science Review, 52 99-107 (2009) [C1]
DOI 10.3763/asre.2009.0010
Citations Scopus - 1
2009 Dong A, Maher ML, Kim MJ, Gu N, Wang X, 'Construction defect management using a telematic digital workbench', Automation in Construction, 18 814-824 (2009) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.autcon.2009.03.005
Citations Scopus - 19Web of Science - 10
2008 Gul LF, Gu N, Williams AP, 'Virtual worlds as a constructivist learning platform: Evaluations of 3D virtual worlds on design teaching and learning', ITcon, 13 578-593 (2008) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 20
2008 Wang X, Gu N, Marchant D, 'An empirical study on designers' perceptions of augmented reality within an architectural firm', ITcon, 13 536-552 (2008) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 11
2005 Maher ML, Liew PS, Gu N, Ding L, 'An Agent Approach to Supporting Collaborative Design in 3D Virtual Worlds', Automation in Construction, 14 189-195 (2005) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.autcon.2004.07.008
2003 Gu N, Maher ML, 'Grammar for the Dynamic Design of Virtual Architecture Using Rational Agents', The International Journal of Architectual Computing, 1 489-501 (2003) [C1]
DOI 10.1260/147807703773633491
2003 Maher ML, Gero JS, Smith G, Gu N, 'Cognitive Agents in 3D Virtual Worlds (2003) [C1]
2002 Gu N, Maher ML, 'Designing Virtual Architecture: from Place to User-Centred Design', International Journal of Design Computing, 4 (2002) [C1]
Show 31 more journal articles

Conference (106 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Lee JH, Ostwald MJ, Gu N, 'MULTI-CULTURAL DESIGN COMMUNICATION: Exploring both cognitive and linguistic characteristics in the design process', CAADRIA 2015: Emerging Experiences in the Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Daegu, South Korea (2015)
Co-authors Michael Ostwald, Juhyun Lee
2014 Phare D, Gu N, Ostwald M, Williams T, 'A Method to Code Shifting Semiotic States in Design', Across: Architectural Research through to Practice: 48th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association 2014, Genoa (2014) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2014 Yu R, Ostwald M, Gu N, 'A Parametric Approach to connectivity relations in the planning of traditional Chinese private gardens', Proceedings of the 48th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Genoa, Italy (2014) [E1]
2014 Amini Behbahani P, Gu N, Ostwald MJ, 'Comparing the properties of different space syntax techniques for analysing interiors', Across: Architectural Research through to Practice: 48th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association 2014, Genoa, Italy (2014) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2014 Foulcher NC, Gu N, Askland HH, 'The perceived effect of digital design technology on student learning in architectural technology', Across: Architectural Research through to Practice: 48th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Genova (2014) [E1]
Co-authors Hedda Askland
2014 Yu R, Ostwald M, Gu N, 'A Parametric Approach to connectivity relations in the planning of traditional Chinese private gardens', Across: Architectural Research through to Practice: 48th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Genoa (2014) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2014 Lee JH, Gu N, Jupp J, Sherratt S, 'Evaluating Creativity in Parametric Design Processes and Products: A Pilot Study', Design Computing and Cognition '12, Texas A & M University, USA (2014) [E1]
DOI 10.1007/978-94-017-9112-0_10
Co-authors Juhyun Lee
2014 Gu N, Watanabe S, Erhan H, Haeusler MH, Huang W, Sosa R, 'Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture', Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014), Kyoto, Japan (2014) [E4]
2014 Phare D, Gu N, Williams AP, 'A Semiotic Analysis of Representational Imagery Used in a Collective Design Task', Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014), Kyoto, Japan (2014) [E1]
2014 Yu R, Gero JS, Gu N, 'Cognitive Effects of Using Parametric Modeling by Practicing Architects: A Preliminary Study', Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014), Kyoto, Japan (2014) [E1]
2014 Yu R, Ostwald M, Gu N, 'A Parametric Approach to connectivity relations in the planning of traditional Chinese private gardens', Across: Architectural Research through to Practice: 48th International Conference of the Architectural Science Associatio, Genoa (2014)
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2013 Yu R, Gu N, Ostwald MJ, 'A Method for Comparing Designers' Behavior in Two Environments: Parametric and Geometric Modeling', Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013), Singapore (2013) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2013 Phare D, Gu N, Williams T, Loughland C, 'A Semiotic Framework to Understand How Signs in a Collective Design Task Convey Information: A Pilot Study of Design in an Open Crowd Context', Cutting Edge: 47th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Hong Kong (2013) [E1]
2013 Behbahani PA, Gu N, Ostwald MJ, 'Using Graphs to Capture Spatio-visual Relations: Expanding the properties considered in Discursive Grammar', Cutting Edge: 47th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Hong Kong (2013) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2013 Lee J, Gu N, Ostwald M, 'Architectural Design using Algorithmic Scripting: An Application of Linkographic Analysis Techniques', Cutting Edge:47th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Hong Kong (2013) [E1]
Co-authors Juhyun Lee, Michael Ostwald
2013 Gregory S, Gregory B, Reiners T, Fardinpour A, Hillier M, Lee M, et al., 'Virtual Worlds in Australian and New Zealand Higher Education: Remembering the Past, Understanding the Present and Imagining the Future', Electric Dreams: Proceedings ascilite 2013, Sydney (2013) [E1]
2013 Yu R, Gero J, Gu N, 'Impact of Using Rule Algorithms on Designers' Behavior in a Parametric Design Environment: Preliminary Result from a Pilot Study', Global Design and Local Materialization, Shanghai, China (2013) [E1]
DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-38974-0_2
2013 Lee JH, Gu N, Ostwald MJ, Jupp J, 'Understanding Cognitive Activities in Parametric Design', Global Design and Local Materialization, Shanghai, China (2013) [E1]
DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-38974-0_4
Co-authors Juhyun Lee, Michael Ostwald
2013 Lee J, Ostwald M, Gu N, 'Combining Space Syntax and Shape Grammar to investigate architectural style: Considering Glenn Murcutt's domestic designs', Proceedings of 9th International Space Syntax Symposium, Seoul, South Korea (2013) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald, Juhyun Lee
2013 Lee J, Gu N, Williams A, 'Exploring Design Strategy in Parametric Design to Support Creativity', Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013), Singapore (2013) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 1
Co-authors Juhyun Lee
2012 Dosen AS, Sher WD, Gajendran T, Gu N, 'Teaching CAD: The challenges of online delivery to distance learning students', Proceedings. 37th AUBEA International Conference, Sydney, Australia (2012) [E1]
Co-authors Thayaparan Gajendran, Annemarie Dosen, Willy Sher
2012 Morrison T, Gu N, Foulcher NC, 'Applying augmented reality to preserving industrial heritage', Proceedings. EVA London 2012: Electronic Visualisation and the Arts, London, UK (2012) [E1]
Co-authors Tessa Morrison
2012 Yu R, Gu N, Ostwald M, 'Situated creativity inspired in parametric design environments', Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Design Creativity, Glasgow, Scotland (2012) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 1
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2012 Lee J, Gu N, Jupp J, Sherratt SM, 'Towards a formal evaluation of creativity in parametric design process', Conference Proceedings: Design Research Society 2012: Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand (2012) [E1]
Co-authors Juhyun Lee
2012 Oxman R, Gu N, 'Crowdsourcing: Theoretical framework, computational environments and design scenarios', Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference, Prague, Czech Republic (2012) [E1]
2012 Gu N, De Vries B, 'Two approaches to implementing BIM in architectural curricula', Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference, Prague, Czech Republic (2012) [E1]
2012 Yu R, Gu N, Ostwald M, 'Explore patterns of human-computer interactions in parametric design environments', Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Construction Application of Virtual Reality, Taipei, Taiwan (2012) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2012 Yu R, Gu N, Ostwald M, 'Using situated FBS ontology to explore designers' patterns of behavior in parametric environments', 6th ASCAD Conference 2012, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain (2012) [E2]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2012 Gregory S, Jacka L, Stokes-Thompson F, Farley H, Scutter S, Neuendorf P, et al., 'Sustaining the future through virtual worlds', ASCILITE 2012: Future Challenges, Sustainable Futures. Proceedings, Wellington, NZ (2012) [E1]
2011 Foulcher NC, Gu N, 'A study for exploring student's perceptions on the role and effect of CAD in conceptual design', Conference Proceedings 45th Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Sydney, NSW (2011) [E1]
2011 Sherratt SM, Gu N, Jones WM, 'The impact of haptic devices on designers and the design process', Conference Proceedings 45th Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Sydney, NSW (2011) [E1]
2011 Lee J, Gu N, Sherratt SM, 'Developing a framework for evaluating creativity in parametric design', Conference Proceedings 45th Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Sydney, NSW (2011) [E1]
Co-authors Juhyun Lee
2011 Shih Y-T, Williams AP, Gu N, Lee J, 'A switching coding scheme for exploring design cognition in mixed media environments', Conference Proceedings 45th Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association ANZAScA, Sydney, NSW (2011) [E1]
Co-authors Juhyun Lee
2011 Shih Y-T, Williams AP, Gu N, 'A method to investigate differences of sketching before and during CAD modelling process', Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference of the Association of Architecture Schools of Australasia, Geelong, Vic (2011) [E1]
2011 Williams AP, Simmons CA, Gu N, Sher WD, Levett-Jones TL, Bowen LJ, 'Exploring students' demonstration of professional work integrated learning through e-portfolios', 2011 International Conference on E -Business and E -Government (ICEE) Proceedings, Shanghai, China (2011) [E1]
DOI 10.1109/ICEBEG.2011.5881518
Co-authors Tracy Levett-Jones, Lynette Bowen, Willy Sher
2011 Gu N, Jones WM, Williams AP, 'Examining the use of digital design and fabrication technologies in design education', Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on E -Business and E -Government (ICEE), Shanghai, China (2011) [E1]
DOI 10.1109/icebeg.2011.5881515
2011 Morrison T, Gu N, 'What architectural historians can learn from augmented reality technologies?', Proceedings of Electronic Visualisation and the Arts (EVA) London 2011, London, UK (2011) [E1]
Co-authors Tessa Morrison
2011 Merrick K, Gu N, 'Supporting collective intelligence for design in virtual worlds: A case study of Lego Universe', Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design, Liege, Belgium (2011) [E1]
2011 Herr CM, Gu N, Roudavski S, Schnabel MA, 'Circuit Bending, Breaking and Mending - Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, CAADRIA 2011: Foreword', Circuit Bending, Breaking and Mending - Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, CAADRIA 2011 (2011) [E3]
2011 Herr CM, Gu N, Roudavski S, Schnabel MA, 'Circuit bending, breaking and mending: Editorial introduction', Circuit Bending, Breaking and Mending - Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, CAADRIA 2011, Newcastle, NSW, Australia (2011) [E1]
2011 Nakapan W, Gu N, 'Preliminary experiments of opensim performance evaluation for virtual design studios', Circuit Bending, Breaking and Mending. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), Newcastle, NSW (2011) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2
2011 Merrick K, Gu N, Niazi M, Shafi K, 'Motivation, cyberworlds and collective intelligence in design', Circuit Bending, Breaking and Mending. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), Newcastle, NSW (2011) [E1]
2011 Herr CM, Gu N, Roudavski S, Schnabel MA, 'Conference Editors', Circuit Bending, Breaking and Mending. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), Newcastle, NSW (2011) [E4]
2011 Herr CM, Gu N, Roudavski S, Schnabel MA, 'CIRCUIT BENDING, BREAKING AND MENDING', PROCEEDINGS OF THE 16TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2011), Univ Newcastle, Sch Architecture & Built Environm, Callaghan, AUSTRALIA (2011)
Citations Web of Science - 1
2011 Kim MJ, Lee J, Gu N, 'Design collaboration for intelligent construction management in mobile augmented reality', Proceedings of the 28th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC 2011), Seoul, Korea (2011) [E1]
Co-authors Juhyun Lee
2010 Gu N, Williams AP, Sher WD, 'Supporting design education in 3D virtual worlds: A case study', Proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of Australasian Universities Building Education Association (AUBEA), Melbourne, Australia (2010) [E1]
Co-authors Willy Sher
2010 Williams AP, Levett-Jones TL, Sher WD, Simmons CA, Gu N, Bowen LJ, 'Can ePortfolios assist university students' work integrated learning? Exploring professional competencies in nursing and construction management', ePortfolios Australia Conference 2010: Book of Abstracts and Papers, Melbourne, VIC (2010) [E1]
Co-authors Tracy Levett-Jones, Willy Sher, Lynette Bowen
2010 Simmons CA, Williams AP, Levett-Jones TL, Sher WD, Bowen LJ, Gu N, 'Can e-Portfolios assist students' learning in the work place? Exploring students' demonstration of their professional work experience through e-Portfolios in the Construction Management and Nursing disciplines', Learning Forum London 2010. Internet of Subjects Forum Proceedings, London (2010) [E1]
Co-authors Willy Sher, Tracy Levett-Jones, Lynette Bowen
2010 Jones WM, Gu N, Williams AP, 'Evaluating the integration of digital design and prototyping tools in a problem-based learning tertiary level course', On the Edge. Conference Papers of the 44th Annual Conference of ANZAScA, Auckland, NZ (2010) [E1]
2010 Williams AP, Sher WD, Simmons CA, Gu N, 'Enhancing practical pedagogy for construction students with e-learning technologies', On the Edge. Conference Papers of the 44th Annual Conference of ANZAScA, Auckland, NZ (2010) [E1]
Co-authors Willy Sher
2010 Phare D, Gu N, 'Evaluating networked technologies for facilitating collective intelligence in design', On the Edge. Conference Papers of the 44th Annual Conference of ANZAScA, Auckland, NZ (2010) [E1]
2010 Simmons CA, Williams AP, Levett-Jones TL, Sher WD, Bowen LJ, Gu N, 'Worlds apart? Developing a professional competency assessment framework that links university education with 'real world' practices in the Construction Management and Nursing disciplines', Learning Forum London 2010. Internet of Subjects Forum, London (2010) [E3]
Co-authors Tracy Levett-Jones, Willy Sher, Lynette Bowen
2010 Olatunji OA, Sher WD, Gu N, 'Collaboration in building information modelling: An application of gaming theory', Proceedings of the 6th international Conference on Innovation in Architecture, Engineering & Construction (AEC), Pennsylvania State University, US (2010) [E1]
Co-authors Willy Sher
2010 Olatunji OA, Sher WD, Gu N, Ogunsemi DR, 'Building information modelling processes: Benefits for construction industry', CIB 2010 World Congress: Proceedings, Salford, UK (2010) [E1]
Co-authors Willy Sher
2010 Gu N, Gul LF, Williams AP, 'Methods for evaluating 3D virtual worlds in design education', Proceedings of the 11th International Design Conference DESIGN 2010, Dubrovnik, Croatia (2010) [E1]
2010 Singh V, Gu N, Wang X, 'Technical features of BIM-servers for collaboration on building and construction projects', Proceedings of the First International Conference on Sustainable Urbanization (ICSU 2010), Hong Kong (2010) [E1]
2010 Williams AP, Gu N, Simmons CA, Sher WD, 'Understanding e-learning technologies for supporting work integrated learning in construction education', Asian Culture: Preserve the Past Create the Future. DesignEd Asia Conference 2010. Conference Proceedings, Hong Kong (2010) [E1]
Co-authors Willy Sher
2010 Dave B, Li AI, Gu N, Park H-J, 'New Frontiers - Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design in Asia, CAADRIA 2010: Foreword', New Frontiers - Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design in Asia, CAADRIA 2010 (2010) [E3]
2010 Dave B, Li AI-K, Gu N, Park H-J, 'New frontiers: Editorial introduction', New Frontiers - Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design in Asia, CAADRIA 2010, hong kong (2010) [E1]
2010 Gu N, Jones WM, Williams AP, 'Utilising digital design and rapid prototyping tools in design education', New Frontiers: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design in Asia, Hong Kong (2010) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1
2010 Dave B, Li AI-K, Gu N, Park H-J, 'Conference Editors', New Frontiers: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design in Asia, Hong Kong (2010) [E4]
2010 Gu N, Singh V, Merrick K, 'A framework to integrate generative design techniques for enhancing design automation', New Frontiers: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design in Asia, Hong Kong (2010) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 1
2010 Gu N, Singh V, Wang X, 'Applying augmented reality for data interaction and collaboration in BIM', New Frontiers: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design in Asia, Hong Kong (2010) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
2009 Nakapan W, Gu N, Gul LF, Williams AP, 'Nu genesis: A journal of unique designs in a virtual collaborative design studio', CAADRIA 2009: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), Yunlin, Taiwan (2009) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 2
2009 Gu N, Gul LF, Williams AP, Nakapan W, 'Conquering new worlds: Application and evaluation of collaborative virtual environments in design education', CAADRIA 2009: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), Yunlin, Taiwan (2009) [E1]
2009 Maher M-L, Gu N, Kim MJ, 'Virtual worlds and tangible interfaces: Collaborative technologies that change the way designers think', CONVR 2009: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, Sydney, NSW (2009) [E1]
2009 Wang X, Gu N, 'Conference editors', CONVR 2009: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, Sydney, NSW (2009) [E4]
2009 Singh V, Gu N, 'BIM server: Features and technical requirements', CONVR 2009: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, Sydney, NSW (2009) [E1]
2009 Gu N, Nakapan W, Williams AP, Gul LF, 'Evaluating the use of 3D vitural worlds in collaborative design learning', Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, Montreal, Quebec (2009) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 6
2008 Gu N, Maher ML, Gul LF, Williams AP, 'Digital technologies as place making elements in built environment design', AEC 2008: 5th International Conference on Innovation in Architecture, Engineering and Construction, Antalya, Turkey (2008) [E1]
2008 London KA, Singh V, Taylor C, Gu N, Brankovic L, 'Building information modelling project decision support framework', Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth Annual Conference Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) 2008, Cardiff, UK (2008) [E1]
Co-authors Ljiljana Brankovic
2008 Gu N, Gul LF, Ostwald M, Williams AP, 'Editors', ANZAScA 2008: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E4]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2008 Gu N, Singh V, London KA, Brankovic L, Taylor C, 'Building information modelling: What is in there for the architects?', ANZAScA 2008: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E1]
Co-authors Ljiljana Brankovic
2008 Gu N, Tsai JJ-H, 'Interactive graphical representation applied to collaborative virtual world for architectural style study', ANZAScA 2008: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E1]
2008 Gul LF, Gu N, Williams AP, 'A method to investigate design cognition in virtual environments', ANZAScA 2008: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E1]
2008 Singh V, Gu N, London KA, Brankovic L, Taylor C, 'BIM: Expectations and a reality check', Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering & 2008 International Conference on Information Technology in Construction, Beijing, China (2008) [E1]
Co-authors Ljiljana Brankovic
2008 Gu N, Singh V, London KA, Brankovic L, Taylor C, 'Adopting building information modeling (BIM) as collaboration platform in the design industry', CAADRIA 2008: Beyond Computer-Aided Design: Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, Chiang Mai, Thailand (2008) [E1]
Co-authors Ljiljana Brankovic
2008 Gu N, Tsai JJ-H, 'An interactive graphical system for collaborative architectural design in 3D virtual environments', CAADRIA 2008: Beyond Computer-Aided Design: Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, Chiang Mai, Thailand (2008) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 1
2008 Tsai JJ-H, Taylor C, London KA, Brankovic L, Gu N, Singh V, 'Industry perception of BIM adoption in design sector', 8th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality CD-ROM, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (2008) [E1]
Co-authors Ljiljana Brankovic
2008 Gu N, Tsai JJ-H, 'Application of interactive graphical representation to collaborative design in 3D virtual environments', 8th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality CD-ROM, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (2008) [E1]
2008 Williams AP, Brewer GJ, Gu N, 'A teaching approach to support and develop student ownership of learning in the design curriculum', DesignEd Asia Conference 2007: Sustaining Cultures Through Design Education: Conference Proceedings, Hong Kong (2008) [E2]
Co-authors Graham Brewer
2007 Bogdanovych A, Esteva M, Gu N, Simoff S, Maher ML, Smith G, 'The role of online travel agents in the experience economy', Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Information Technology and Travel & Tourism (ENTER 2007), Ljubljana, Slovenia (2007) [E1]
2007 Gul LF, Gu N, Maher ML, 'Designing Virtual Worlds: A Case Study of Design Education in and of 3D Virtual Worlds', ConnectED'07, International Conference of Design Education. Proceedings, Sydney (2007) [E1]
2007 Gul LF, Gu N, Williams AP, 'A new approach to design education: Evaluations of 3D virtual worlds on design teaching and learning', Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, University Park, PA (2007) [E1]
2007 Gu N, 'A grammatical approach to autonomous design in 3D virtual worlds using generative design agents', Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, University Park, Pennsylvania (2007) [E1]
2007 Wang X, Gu N, Marchant D, Gong Y, Kim MJ, 'Perceptions of augmented reality in the design sector', Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, University Park, Pennsylvania (2007) [E1]
2007 Gu N, 'Digital Design with Style: Characterising Digital Architecture in 3D Virtual Environments for Design Collaboration', Proceedings of the Workshop - Spatial Cognition in Architectural Design. Anticipating User Behavior, Layout Legibility, and Route Instructions in the Planning Process, Melbourne (2007) [E1]
2007 Gu N, 'Supporting design collaboration using agent-based 3D virtual environments', Symposium: Building Across Borders Built Environment Procurement CIB WO92 Procurement Systems. Proceedings, Hunter Valley, NSW (2007) [E1]
2007 Campbell B, Gu N, 'A pilot study examining the use of 3D CAD in contemporary architectural practices', Towards Solutions for a Liveable Future: Progress, Practice, Performance, People. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Melbourne (2007) [E1]
2007 Lim JQY, Gu N, 'Environmental impacts of ventilation and solar control systems in double skin facade office buildings', Towards Solutions for a Liveable Future: Progress, Practice, Performance, People. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Melbourne (2007) [E1]
2007 Gu N, Maher ML, 'New place designs with emerging technologies', Techniques and Technologies: Transfer and Transformation: IVth International Conference of the Association of Architecture Schools of Australasia 2007, Sydney (2007) [E1]
2007 Smith G, Gu N, Maher ML, 'Designing virtual worlds for 3D electronic institutions: A distributed and heterogeneous multi-agent system', Computer-Aided Architectural Design Futures (CAADFutures) 2007. Proceedings of the 12th International CAADFutures Conference, Sydney (2007) [E1]
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4020-6528-6_29
2007 Gu N, Gul LF, Maher ML, 'Designing and Learning Within the Design: A Case Study of Principles for Designing and Teaching 3D Virtual Worlds', CAADRIA 2007: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, Nanjing, China (2007) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1
2007 Gu N, Williams AP, Gul LF, 'Designing and learning in 3D virtual worlds', Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference on Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age (CELDA 2007), Algarve, Portugal (2007) [E1]
2007 Williams AP, Gu N, Sher WD, Gul LF, 'Confluence of the real and virtual', IASDR'07: International Association of Societies of Design Research 2007. Proceedings, Hong Kong (2007) [E1]
Co-authors Willy Sher
2005 Gu N, Maher ML, 'Dynamic Designs of Virtual Worlds Using Generative Design Agents', Proceedings of the International CAAD Futures Conference 2005, Vienna (2005) [E1]
2004 Gu N, Maher ML, 'Generating Virtual Architecture with Style', Proceedings fo the Design Computing and Cognition 04 Workshop on Design and Research Issues in Virtual Worlds, University of Sydney (2004) [E1]
2004 Gu N, Maher ML, 'Generating Virtual Architecture with Style', Proceedings of the 38th Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA 2004), University of Tasmania, Australia (2004) [E1]
2003 Gu N, Maher ML, 'A Grammar for the Dynamic Design of Virtual Architecture Using Rational Agents', Proceedings of CAADRIA 2003, Bangkok (2003) [E1]
2003 Maher ML, Liew PS, Gu N, Ding L, 'An Agent Approach to Supporting Collaborative Design in 3D Virtual Worlds', Proceedings of the 22nd Conference on Education and research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, Graz (2003) [E1]
2003 Maher ML, Gu N, 'Situated Design of Virtual Worlds Using Rational Agents', Proceedings of the second international conference on Entertainment computing, Pittsburgh (2003) [E1]
2002 Maher ML, Gu N, 'Virtual Worlds = Architectural Design + Computational Elements', Proceedings of the 36th Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA 2002), Deakin University, Australia, (2002) [E1]
2002 Maher ML, Gu N, 'Design Agents In Virtual Worlds: A User-centred Virtual Architecture Agent', Proceedings of the International Workshop on Agents in Design (WAID 2002), Cambridge (2002) [E1]
2001 Maher ML, Gu N, Li F, 'Visualisation and Object Design in Virtual Architecture', University of Sydney, Australia (2001) [E1]
2000 Maher ML, Simoff S, Gu N, Lau KH, 'Designing Virtual Architecture', Singapore (2000) [E1]
1999 Maher ML, Simoff S, Gu N, Lau KH, 'Two Approaches to a Virtual Design Office' (1999) [E1]
Show 103 more conferences

Creative Work (5 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2013 Gu N, Foulcher N, City Evolutions: Lanescape, 25-27 Watt St Newcastle (2013) [J2]
2002 Gu N, Maher ML, Architectural Design of a Virtual Campus Defining Digital Architecture (2002) [J1]
2001 Maher ML, Simoff S, Gu N, Lau KH, A Virtual Office Cyberspace: the World of Digital Architecture (2001) [J1]
2001 Maher ML, Simoff S, Gu N, Lau KH, Virtual Conference Centre Cyberspace: the World of Digital Architecture (2001) [J1]
2001 Maher ML, Gu N, 3D Virtual World ETH World: Virtual and Physical Presence (2001) [J1]
Show 2 more creative works

Other (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2005 Maher ML, Bilda Z, Gu N, Gul F, Huang YH, Kim MJ, et al., 'Team Collaboration in High Bandwidth Virtual Environments', : Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) for Construction Innovation, Australia (2005) [O1]
2003 Maher ML, Liew PS, Gu N, Ding L, 'Managing Information Flows with Models and Virtual Environments', : Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) for Construction Innovation, Australia (2003) [O1]

Report (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2008 Singh V, Gu N, London KA, Brankovic L, Taylor C, 'Industry Consultation Report', CRC Construction Innovation, 61 (2008) [R1]
Co-authors Ljiljana Brankovic

Thesis / Dissertation (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2006 Gu N, Maher ML, Dynamic Designs of Virtual Worlds Using Generative Design Agents, (2006) [T1]
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 18
Total funding $1,002,868

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20142 grants / $19,500

Multi-cultural design communication in architectural design $18,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment
Project Team Doctor Juhyun Lee, Doctor Ning Gu, Professor Michael Ostwald
Scheme Pilot Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1400974
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

CAADRIA 2014, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Japan, 12-17 May 2014$1,500

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1400439
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20132 grants / $263,930

City Evolutions Project - Watt Street$262,430

Funding body: Newcastle City Council

Funding body Newcastle City Council
Project Team Mr Chris Tucker, Professor Mark Balnaves, Doctor Ning Gu, Mr Ramsey Awad, Professor Mario Minichiello, Associate Professor Stephan Chalup, Doctor Keith Nesbitt
Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2013
GNo G1201004
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Local
Category 2OPL
UON Y

The 18th International Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013), National University of Singapore, Singapore, 15 - 18 May 2013$1,500

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2013
GNo G1300535
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20123 grants / $31,500

Emerging Research Leaders Program 2011$15,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu
Scheme Emerging Research Leaders Program
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2012
GNo G1101048
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

Reconstructing Victorian Newcastle through Augmented Reality and Mobile Technology$15,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment
Project Team Doctor Tessa Morrison, Doctor Ning Gu
Scheme Pilot Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2012
GNo G1200314
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

Design Research Society 2012 Conference, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok Thailand, 1 - 5 July 2012$1,500

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2012
GNo G1200493
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20111 grants / $1,500

CAAD Futures 2011 (CAAD Futrues Biennial Conference; ERA A Rated), University of Liege, Belgium, 4 - 8 July 2011$1,500

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2011
Funding Finish 2011
GNo G1100660
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20103 grants / $560,600

Recomputing the canon: using computational methods to develop an alternative understanding of the history of 20th century architecture.$546,000

Funding body: ARC (Australian Research Council)

Funding body ARC (Australian Research Council)
Project Team Professor Michael Ostwald, Doctor Ning Gu, Doctor Michael Chapman
Scheme Discovery Projects
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2010
Funding Finish 2010
GNo G0190062
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Commonwealth
Category 1CS
UON Y

Understanding the implications of haptic devices in design: do human-computer haptic interfeces change design behaviours and outcomes?$7,600

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu, Mr Wyn Jones, Professor Anthony Williams
Scheme Pilot Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2010
Funding Finish 2010
GNo G0900049
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

Understanding the implications of haptic devices in design: do human-computer haptic interfeces change design behaviours and outcomes?$7,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu, Mr Wyn Jones, Professor Anthony Williams
Scheme Pilot Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2010
Funding Finish 2010
GNo G1000739
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20091 grants / $1,500

CAAD Futures 2009 Conference, Montreal, 17-19 June 2009$1,500

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2009
Funding Finish 2009
GNo G0190262
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20083 grants / $13,200

A computational framework for adaptive virtual worlds through dynamic procedural content generation$10,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu
Scheme Early Career Researcher Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2008
Funding Finish 2008
GNo G0189741
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

Nexus 2008: Relationships between Architecture and Mathematics$1,700

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2008
Funding Finish 2008
GNo G0188956
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

ICCCBE-XII & INCITE 2008: Joint conference of the 12th International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, and 2008 International Conference on Information Technology in Construct$1,500

Funding body: Ian Potter Foundation

Funding body Ian Potter Foundation
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2008
Funding Finish 2008
GNo G0189251
Type Of Funding Donation - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFD
UON Y

20073 grants / $111,138

Collaboration Platform$100,000

Funding body: CRC for Construction Innovation

Funding body CRC for Construction Innovation
Project Team Conjoint Professor Kerry London, Doctor Ning Gu, Professor Ljiljana Brankovic
Scheme Research Proposal
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2007
Funding Finish 2007
GNo G0188052
Type Of Funding CRC - Cooperative Research Centre
Category 4CRC
UON Y

Style in the Virtual Realm: A Computational Approach to Representing Style in 3D Virtual Environments for Collaborative Architectural Design$9,438

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu
Scheme Early Career Researcher Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2007
Funding Finish 2007
GNo G0187314
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

7th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, PA, USA (22-23 Oct 07)$1,700

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Ning Gu
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2007
Funding Finish 2007
GNo G0188310
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y
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Research Supervision

Number of supervisions

Completed2
Current5

Total current UON EFTSL

PhD2.15

Current Supervision

Commenced Level of Study Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2014 PhD The Automated Architect: Generative-Parametric Design Driven by Environmental Preference Research
Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2014 PhD To What Extent can Educational Online Technologies be used to Support the Needs of Stakeholders in Blended Tertiary Environments
Building, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2013 PhD Investigating Representational Media in Crowd Orientated Design: The shared process of Representational Modification and its Potential to Lead to Innovative Crowd Responses
Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2013 PhD Controlling Novelty in Generative Design of Architectural Forms
Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2013 PhD Going Digitally Native: An Ethnographic Study of Digital Technology in Architectural Education
Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor

Past Supervision

Year Level of Study Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2014 PhD Exploring the Impact of Rule Algorithms on Designers' Cognitive Behaviour in a Parametric Design Environment
Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2012 PhD The Impact of Building Information Modelling on Estimating Practice: Analysis of Perspectives from Four Organisational Business Models
Building, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
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Dr Ning Gu

Position

Associate Professor
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment

Focus area

Architecture

Contact Details

Email ning.gu@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 492 15786
Fax (02) 492 16913

Office

Room AG32
Building Architecture
Location Callaghan
University Drive
Callaghan, NSW 2308
Australia
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