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Dr Tony Drew

Manager, International Relations

Newcastle Business School (International Business)

The art of good business

As interesting as it is interdisciplinary, Dr Tony Drew’s research is helping to inform business practitioners and policymakers on the most effective ways to engage in international diplomacy and corporate affairs.

Tony Drew

Simply but significantly, Dr Tony Drew is seeking to understand how our societal similarities and differences influence the way we do business. His celebrated work stems from an early childhood interest in other parts of the world, and contributes to an ongoing debate in literature as to whether existing informal and formal institutions in emerging nations will converge, diverge or, perhaps most intriguingly, crossverge as they modernise.

“The latter term refers to the adoption of practices from fellow developing countries,” he clarifies.

“Being born in England as the product of a Welsh-German Jewish mother and a Greek father, I’ve really come to appreciate and become fascinated by different societies and cultures.”

“My job now is to apply this to business.”

What you know and who you know

Initially undertaking an MBA at the University of Newcastle (UON) in 2003 as a “stepping stone” from leading small-sized businesses to fronting much larger companies in the Hunter, Tony concedes the whole experience “retriggered” his love of both research and teaching, inspiring him to pursue both a PhD and a part-time lecturing role - leaving behind 21 years of corporate management.

“During my candidature, I explored the perceptions of businesspeople of Chinese ethnic origins in Mainland and overseas Chinese communities on the role and practice of guanxi in business activities,” he recalls.

“Guanxi is a Chinese construct that describes the practice of relying on interpersonal relationships as the principle mode of doing business.”

“This behaviour has its roots in reciprocal altruism and occurs in all societies that lack more formal institutions to protect businesspeople, such as contract law, tort law, formal market systems and other systems that provide equitable access to information.”

Opting for a “predominantly qualitative” approach, Tony conducted interviews with focus groups of four to five businesspeople of Chinese ethnic origins in Jakarta, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, Taipei, Macau, Shanghai and Beijing. Due to the number of respondents, the multiple award winner undertook some basic descriptive statistical analysis as well.

“The reason I chose China was two-fold,” he explains.

“First, China was just starting to become a major player in the international business environment at the time when there was a paucity of research into Chinese business behaviour.”

“Secondly, compared to most other countries, China has evolved in relative isolation for over 5,000 years, so it lent itself as a natural experiment for examining the evolution of such behaviour in a context with minimal influence from acculturating forces.”

Finding guanxi to be “highly embedded” in Chinese society, Tony concluded that variables, such as exposure to Western higher education and organisational cultures, have “minimal impact” on its perceptions.

“I also discovered that the most powerful influence on understandings of this unique concept were the respondents’ ancestral regions of origin – not their regions of residence,” he asserts.

“For example, the understanding of guanxi held by 4th generation Malaysian Chinese from Fujian were almost identical to those held by current day Fujian natives, but such perceptions were different to Chinese businesspeople with ancestry from other regions.”

Strengthening student engagement

Tony stayed at the UON after receiving his award in 2010, signing on to become a Senior Lecturer then Manager of International Relations at its Business School. He has since pioneered a handful of exciting research endeavours, most memorably assessing oral communications in the digital domain in 2013.

“The importance of obtaining these skills is widely acknowledged internationally, however, there is limited research on how to teach them online in a way that is student centred,” he comments.

“Our collaborative project sought to make a contribution towards addressing this gap.”

Supported by a $10,000 grant from the Office of Teaching and Learning, Tony worked with colleagues from Gradschool and four other UON faculties to evaluate the experiences of undergraduates acquiring oral presentation knowledge in a range of web-based and blended learning contexts. Setting up online tasks in ten courses offered across diverse disciplines, the team collected and analysed data through an anonymous Internet survey.

“The study highlighted five very clear themes, which all benefit from nuanced responses by the instructor – relevance, capacity, technology, time and support,” he reveals.

“Using well-designed online oral communications assessment tasks that diverge from more traditional oral assessments can help students successfully engage with course content and develop these critical skills.”

Making the connection

While China and international business are still “keen interests,” Tony discloses he’s now moving towards another passion – the globalisation – or not – of higher education.

“I have recently had a book proposal accepted by Oxford University Press,” he elaborates.

“It’s titled ‘The Handbook of Comparative Higher Education Systems and University Management.”

“Education is the second largest industry in the world, behind health, and as with health, is rapidly experiencing the vagaries of globalisation.”

“The big question is to what extent and in what ways will globalisation impact the evolution of higher education in different country settings around the world?”

More about Tony's Career

Related links

The art of good business

As interesting as it is interdisciplinary, Dr Tony Drew’s research is helping to inform business practitioners and policymakers on the most effective ways to en

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Career Summary

Biography

Assistant Dean International for the Faculty of Business and Law and Senior Lecturer in International Business and Management. Awarded a Ph.D. in August 2011 for his thesis entitled ‘Chinese perceptions of guanxi in mainland and overseas Chinese business communities’. Research focus is in institutional theory, economic sociology and International Business, and in developing a theoretical framework for better analysing how informal business institutions evolve over time in different polities.

Research Expertise
Tony is a Senior Lecturer in International Business and Assistant Dean International for the Faculty of Business and Law. He was awarded a Ph.D. in August 2011 for his thesis entitled ‘Chinese perceptions of guanxi in mainland and overseas Chinese business communities’. His research focus is in institutional theory, economic sociology and International Business, and in developing a theoretical framework for better analysing how informal business institutions evolve over time in different polities. Tony has presented papers on his research at a number of international peer reviewed conferences and has been published in journals including Advances in International Management and the International Journal of Value Chain Management.

Teaching Expertise
Extensive experience in teaching International Business and Management courses at undergraduate and postgraduate levels, on-campus, online and off-shore. Courses developed and taught: • Advanced Topic in General Management • Literature Review • Corporate & Industry Strategy • Strategic Management • Strategic Integration & Implementation • Strategic Marketing Management • Strategic Human Resource Management • Global Business Management • International Business Strategy • Entrepreneurship • Asian Entrepreneurship • Consulting and Business Advice • Management and Organisational Behaviour • Managing Under Uncertainty • Cross-cultural Negotiation and Management • Human Resource Management • International Human Resource Management • Managing HR & ER • Managing Organisational Change • Organisational Effectiveness • Organisational Dynamics and Diversity • International Business Environment/Globalisation • International Business Issues and Cases • The Innovative Marketer • Advertising and Promotions Management • Creating Customer Satisfaction • Contemporary Commercial Environment • Contemporary Sport & Club Management • Gaming Management • Introduction to Tourism Management

Administrative Expertise
Assistant Dean International – Faculty of Business and Law, 2014 - present Program Covenor MBA and Master of Business (Sydney, online and offshore), 2011 - 2014 Program Convenor (Master of International Business) 2007 Course Coordinator of a large number of International Business and Management courses in all locations and across all modes of study Academic Mentor; Online Teaching and Learning 2011 - present Academic Coordinator; Online Teaching, Learning and Quality 2006 – 2011 Faculty of Business and Law Representative: University of Newcastle Industry Scholarships 2008 - present School of Business and Management Coordinator: Meet the Manager Seminar Series 2007 - present Faculty of Business and Law Representative: Hunter Founders Forum 2008 - present Prior to employment with the university 4 1/2 years in CEO positions 8 years as a General Manager Member – University of Newcastle Academic Senate, 2010 – 2013 Member and Acting Chair – Academic Senate Change Review Working Party, 2012-13 Member – Academic Senate Streamlining Academic Policies working party, 2012-13 Member – University Teaching and Learning Committee, 2011 – 2013 Member – Faculty Board - Business and Law, 2010 – 2013 Member – Faculty Board – Education and Arts, 2011-2013 Member – Faculty Teaching and Learning Committee, 2011 – 2014 Member – Faculty External Engagement Committee, 2012 – 2014 Member – Faculty Internationalisation Committee, 2010 – current Member – Faculty AQF steering committee, 2012 – 2013

Collaborations
Key research interests include Institutional Economics, Economic Sociology, Social Network Theory, Cross-Cultural Psychology, Evolutionary Biology and Psychology, Ecology, Culture, Religion and History in Emerging and Developing Polities, International Business Strategy and Entrepreneurship.

Qualifications

  • PhD (Management), University of Newcastle
  • Master of Business Administration, University of Newcastle
  • Graduate Certificate in Business Administration, University of Newcastle

Keywords

  • Cross Cultural Studies
  • Cross-cultural Management
  • Economic Sociology
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Evolutionary Psychology
  • Global Business Management
  • Institutional Economics
  • International Business
  • International Business Strategy
  • International Business and Management
  • International Human Resource Management
  • International Marketing
  • Organisational Behaviour and Design
  • Organisational Theory
  • Strategic Management

Languages

  • English (Fluent)

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
149901 Comparative Economic Systems 20
150308 International Business 80

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Manager, International Relations University of Newcastle
Newcastle Business School
Australia

Membership

Dates Title Organisation / Department
Member of the Australian Institute of Company Directors (MAICD) Australian Institute of Company Directors
Australia
1/01/2012 -  Membership - Academy of International Business Academy of International Business
Australia
1/01/2012 -  Membership - Academy of Management Academy of Management
Australia
1/01/2012 -  Membership - European International Business Academy European International Business Academy
United Kingdom

Professional appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/01/2000 - 1/12/2002 Company Director Alternative Options (NSW) Pty Ltd. Business Consulting company
NSW Registered Club
Australia

Awards

Recipient

Year Award
2010 Faculty of Business and Law - Excellence in Online Postgraduate Coursework Teaching
University of Newcastle
2003 Graduate Management Association Prize
Graduate Management Association of Australia
2003 Certified Club Manager
Club Managers Association

Recognition

Year Award
2013 Work Integrated Learning Staff of the Year Award
University of Newcastle
2012 Vice-Chancellors Citation for Outstanding Contribution to Student Learning
University of Newcastle
2011 Faculty of Business and Law - Excellence in Online Postgraduate Coursework Teaching
University of Newcastle
2003 Graduate Management Association Prize
Graduate Management Association of Australia
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Chapter (4 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Drew AJ, Kriz AP, Redding G, 'Paternalism in Chinese Business Systems', Handbook of East Asian Entrepreneurship, Routledge, New York 121-131 (2015) [B1]
Co-authors Anton Kriz
2014 Drew AJ, Jansson H, 'Towards an evolutionary theory of Chinese leadership', Research on the impact of global economic integration and information networking on sustainable corporate development, Nanjing University Press, Nanjing, China 24-30 (2014) [B1]
2012 Drew AJ, Kriz AP, 'Towards a theoretical framework for examining societal-level institutional change', Institutional Theory in International Business and Management, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, London 65-98 (2012) [B1]
Citations Scopus - 2
Co-authors Anton Kriz
2008 Drew AJ, Kriz AP, 'The effect of an efficient and effective politico-legal system on the Chinese business practice of Guanxi', Innovation in Management Practices, Macmillan Publishers India, New Delhi, India 194-201 (2008) [B1]
Co-authors Anton Kriz
Show 1 more chapter

Journal article (7 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2016 Harris KM, Phelan L, McBain B, Archer J, Drew AJ, James C, 'Attitudes toward learning oral communication skills online: the importance of intrinsic interest and student-instructor differences', Educational Technology Research and Development, 64 591-609 (2016)

© 2016, Association for Educational Communications and Technology.This study examined and compared attitudes of both students and instructors, motivated by an interest in improvi... [more]

© 2016, Association for Educational Communications and Technology.This study examined and compared attitudes of both students and instructors, motivated by an interest in improving the development and delivery of online oral communication learning (OOCL). Few studies have compared student and instructor attitudes toward learning technologies, and no known studies have conducted item response theory (IRT) analyses on these factors. Two independent and anonymous surveys resulted in 255 participants (124 university students, and 131 instructors). Exploratory factor analyses produced final item sets and a two-factor model for student attitudes (Technology Self-efficacy [TSE], and Positive Attitudes [PA]), and a three-factor model for instructors (TSE, Behavioral Intentions, and PA). The OOCL attitude factors showed strong validity through both IRT and classical test theory analyses. Comparisons between students and instructors showed students generally had higher TSE and more positive attitudes towards OOCL. The attitudes most relevant to OOCL were intrinsic interest, behavioral intentions, and perceived usefulness of the technology. This study revealed that technological self-efficacy may be useful for differentiating students and instructors, but not for assessing OOCL attitudes. Further development in this field could focus on the improvement of instructors¿ attitudes and skills, as well as exploring the role of intrinsic interest.

DOI 10.1007/s11423-016-9435-8
Co-authors Bonnie Mcbain, Carole James, Liam Phelan, Jennifer Archer
2016 McBain B, Drew A, James C, Phelan L, Harris K, Archer J, 'Student Experience of Oral Communication Assessment Tasks Online from a Multi-disciplinary Trial', Education + Training, 58 134-149 (2016) [C1]
DOI 10.1108/ET-10-2014-0124
Citations Scopus - 1
Co-authors Bonnie Mcbain, Liam Phelan, Jennifer Archer, Carole James
2016 Drew AJ, Redding G, 'Dealing with the Complexity of Causes of Societal Innovativeness: Social Enabling and Disabling Mechanisms and the Case of China', Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics, 28 1-30 (2016)
DOI 10.1177/0260107916643254
2014 Drew AJ, 'Teaching International Business across Multiple Modes of Delivery: How to Maintain Equivalence in Learning Outcomes', Journal of Teaching in International Business, 25 185-199 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/08975930.2014.925743
2014 Drew AJ, Kriz AP, 'Institutional Reform and the Changing Face of Guanxi', International Journal of Business and Information, 9 187-216 (2014) [C1]
Co-authors Anton Kriz
2009 Drew AJ, Kriz AP, 'An institutional analysis of Chinese business relationships', International Journal of Value Chain Management, 3 356-373 (2009) [C1]
DOI 10.1504/IJVCM.2009.031766
Co-authors Anton Kriz
2006 Drew AJ, Kriz AP, 'Understanding changing patron expectations of club offerings: A consumer behavioural approach', International Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Administration, 7 195-210 (2006) [C1]
DOI 10.1300/J149v07n02_10
Co-authors Anton Kriz
Show 4 more journal articles

Review (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2006 Drew A, 'An Introduction to Human Resource Management - An Integrated Approach (2006) [D2]

Conference (15 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2014 Drew AJ, Jansson H, 'Why Has the Chinese Leadership Style Prevailed over Millenia? Towards an Evolutionary Theory of Global Leadership', 56th Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business (2014) [E3]
2013 Drew AJ, Jansson H, 'Towards a Theory of Chinese Leadership', Academy of International Business - Australia and New Zealand (2013) [E3]
2013 Drew AJ, Kriz AP, Redding G, 'Why genes, culture and institutions matter', Group for Research in Organisational Evolution (2013) [E3]
Co-authors Anton Kriz
2013 Kriz AP, Groen E, Drew AJ, Cunneen D, 'China: Hegemonic heir apparent?', Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy (2013) [E1]
Co-authors David Cunneen, Egbert Groen, Anton Kriz
2012 Kriz AP, Groen E, Drew AJ, Cunneen DJ, 'China: Hegemonic heir apparent or simply a pretender?', The 2012 International Schumpeter Society Conference (2012) [E2]
Co-authors David Cunneen, Anton Kriz, Egbert Groen
2012 Kriz AP, Keating B, Drew AJ, Rowley C, 'Beyond cronyism: in pursuit of deep trust', 38th European International Business Academy 2012 Proceedings (2012) [E3]
Co-authors Anton Kriz
2011 Drew AJ, Kriz AP, 'Institutional reform and the changing face of Guanxi', Proceedings of Business and Information 2011 (2011) [E1]
Co-authors Anton Kriz
2011 Drew AJ, 'The business of work integrated learning: Adaption and development of business courses to incorporate WIL', WACE 17th World Conference on Cooperative and Work Integrated Learning Abstracts (2011) [E3]
2011 Drew AJ, Kriz AP, 'Structural changes within and between economies: Embedded institutions and the case of guanxi', Proceedings of the 37th European International Business Academy Annual Conference (2011) [E1]
Co-authors Anton Kriz
2011 Drew AJ, Kriz AP, 'Institutional reform and the case of Guanxi', Enterprise Management in a Transitional Economy and Post Financial Crisis (2011) [E1]
Co-authors Anton Kriz
2010 Drew AJ, Kriz AP, 'History and the path dependent nature of economic development: And the case of Guanxi', XXth Conference of the CEDIMES: Development Models of Emerging Countries (2010) [E2]
Co-authors Anton Kriz
2009 Drew AJ, 'Extending Douglass North's theoretical framework for analysing economic and institutional change - and the Chinese connection', CIOS: Centre for Institutional and Organisational Studies Inaugural Conference Abstracts (2009) [E3]
2008 Drew AJ, Kriz AP, 'The mediating effect of an efficient and effective politico-legal system on the Chinese business practice of guanxi', 22nd ANZAM Conference 2008: Managing in the Pacific Century (2008) [E1]
Co-authors Anton Kriz
2007 Kriz AP, Groen E, Drew AJ, 'Predicting the next hegemon: A case of analysing the past, present and future', All China Economics (ACE) International Conference. Papers (2007) [E2]
Co-authors Egbert Groen, Anton Kriz
2006 Kriz AP, Quazi AM, Drew AJ, 'Exploring the importance of help in building trust: evidence from chinese markets', 2nd Biennial Conference of the Academy of World business, marketing and Management Development Conference Proceedings (2006) [E1]
Co-authors Anton Kriz
Show 12 more conferences

Report (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2014 Phelan L, Drew A, McBain V, Archer J, burns T, harris K, et al., 'Teaching and assessing oral communication skills online: Gauging interest and trialling diverse approaches across the University of Newcastle', University of Newcastle (2014)
Co-authors Bronwyn Hemsley, Carole James, Bonnie Mcbain, Liam Phelan, Jennifer Archer

Thesis / Dissertation (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2011 Drew AJ, Chinese perceptions of guanxi in Mainland and overseas Chinese business communities, University of Newcastle (2011)
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Research Supervision

Number of supervisions

Completed0
Current5

Total current UON EFTSL

PhD1.45

Current Supervision

Commenced Level of Study Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2016 PhD Business Culture in Emerging Economies; A Study Exploring Cultural Challenges of Conducting Business in Uganda
PhD (Management), Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2016 PhD Elements of national culture and their effects on job commitment in organizations in Vietnam
PhD (Management), Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2016 PhD A Value C-Creation Approach to Student Learning in Higher Education and Its Links to Student Satisfaction and Retention
Management & Commerce, The University of Newcastle, Australia
Co-Supervisor
2014 PhD Systemic Dependence Between Leadership and Collaborative Success?
PhD (Medicine), Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2012 PhD Indigenous Entrepreneurship in Tourism
PhD (Management), Faculty of Business and Law, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
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News

Dr Tony Drew receives award

Newcastle Business School Partnership Award

March 9, 2015

Newcastle Business School awarded at the 2015 IMT Global Partners' Conclave

Dr Tony Drew

Position

Manager, International Relations
Newcastle Business School
Faculty of Business and Law

Focus area

International Business

Contact Details

Email antony.drew@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 4921 2099
Fax (02) 4921 7398

Office

Room SR140
Building Social Sciences Building
Location University Drive, Callaghan
University Drive
Callaghan, NSW 2308
Australia
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