Mr Adrian Schultz

Mr Adrian Schultz

Associate Lecturer

School of Environmental and Life Sciences (Applied Sciences)

Career Summary

Biography

Adrian completed a Bachelors degree in Human Movement Science and Psychology at the University of Port Elizabeth, South Africa, in 1996. He attained his Honours degree in Human Movement Science and Biokinetics (Clinical Exercise Physiology) in 1997. Following a two-year internship program in clinical exercise physiology, Adrian commenced his higher research Masters degree in Human Movement Science, which was conferred in 2004. Following completion of his Master's degree Adrian worked extensively as a clinical exercise physiologist in primary and occupational healthcare settings in the United Kingdom and Australia, before joining the University of Newcastle as an associate lecturer and commencing his PhD studies in Exercise and Sport Science. Working alongside the Australian Sailing Team Adrian's PhD research aims to describe the aetiology of low back pain in elite Olympic class sailors. Adrian holds sports massage therapy, ACSM Exercise Specialist, NSCA CSCS, and Certificate IV in Workplace Training and Assessment certifications. Adrian's research interests include applied strength and conditioning, clinical biomechanics and athletic performance.

Research Expertise
Applied strength and condition, biomechanics and clinical exercise physiology

Teaching Expertise
Clinical exercise physiology, sport and exercise psychology, motor control

Administrative Expertise
Project management


Qualifications

  • Master of Human Movement Science, University of Port Elizabeth - South Africa
  • Bachelor of Human Movement Science, University of Port Elizabeth - South Africa
  • Bachelor of Human Movement Science (Honours), University of Port Elizabeth - South Africa

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Physiology

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified 100

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Associate Lecturer University of Newcastle
School of Environmental and Life Sciences
Australia
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Journal article (12 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Lockie RG, Schultz AB, Jordan CA, Callaghan SJ, Jeffriess MD, Luczo TM, 'Can selected functional movement screen assessments be used to identify movement deficiencies that could affect multidirectional speed and jump performance?', Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29 195-205 (2015) [C1]

© 2015 National Strength and Conditioning Association. The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) includes lower-body focused tests (deep squat [DS], hurdle step, in-line lunge) that c... [more]

© 2015 National Strength and Conditioning Association. The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) includes lower-body focused tests (deep squat [DS], hurdle step, in-line lunge) that could assist in identifying movement deficiencies affecting multidirectional sprinting and jumping, which are important qualities for team sports. However, the hypothesized relationship with athletic performance lacks supportive research. This study investigated relationships between the lower-body focused screens and overall FMS performance and multidirectional speed and jumping capabilities in team sport athletes. Twenty-two healthy men were assessed in the FMS, and multidirectional speed (0- to 5-m, 0- to 10-m, 0- to 20-m sprint intervals; 505 and between-leg turn differences, modified T-test and differences between initial movement to the left or right); and bilateral and unilateral multidirectional jumping (vertical [VJ], standing long [SLJ], and lateral jump) tests. Pearson's correlations (r) were used to calculate relationships between screening scores and performance tests (p = 0.05). After the determination of any screens relating to athletic performance, subjects were stratified into groups (3 = high-performing group; 2 = intermediate-performing group; 1 = low-performing group) to investigate movement compensations. A 1-way analysis of variance (p = 0.05) determined any between-group differences. There were few significant correlations. The DS did moderately correlate with betweenleg 505 difference (r = 20.423), and bilateral VJ (r = 20.428) and SLJ (r = 20.457). When stratified into groups according to DS score, high performers had a 13% greater SLJ when compared with intermediate performers, which was the only significant result. The FMS seems to have minimal capabilities for identifying movement deficiencies that could affect multidirectional speed and jumping in male team sport athletes.

Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2015 Lockie RG, Schultz AB, Callaghan SJ, Jordan CA, Luczo TM, Jeffriess MD, 'A preliminary investigation into the relationship between functional movement screen scores and athletic physical performance in female team sport athletes', Biology of Sport, 32 41-51 (2015) [C1]

There is little research investigating relationships between the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) and athletic performance in female athletes. This study analyzed the relationship... [more]

There is little research investigating relationships between the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) and athletic performance in female athletes. This study analyzed the relationships between FMS (deep squat; hurdle step [HS]; in-line lunge [ILL]; shoulder mobility; active straight-leg raise [ASLR]; trunk stability push-up; rotary stability) scores, and performance tests (bilateral and unilateral sit-and-reach [flexibility]; 20-m sprint [linear speed]; 505 with turns from each leg; modified T-test with movement to left and right [change-of-direction speed]; bilateral and unilateral vertical and standing broad jumps; lateral jumps [leg power]). Nine healthy female recreational team sport athletes (age = 22.67 ± 5.12 years; height = 1.66 ± 0.05 m; body mass = 64.22 ± 4.44 kilograms) were screened in the FMS and completed the afore-mentioned tests. Percentage between-leg differences in unilateral sit-and-reach, 505 turns and the jumps, and difference between the T-test conditions, were also calculated. Spearman's correlations (p = 0.05) examined relationships between the FMS and performance tests. Stepwise multiple regressions (p = 0.05) were conducted for the performance tests to determine FMS predictors. Unilateral sit-and-reach positive correlated with the left-leg ASLR (r = 0.704-0.725). However, higher-scoring HS, ILL, and ASLR related to poorer 505 and T-test performance (r = 0.722-0.829). A higher-scored left-leg ASLR related to a poorer unilateral vertical and standing broad jump, which were the only significant relationships for jump performance. Predictive data tended to confirm the correlations. The results suggest limitations in using the FMS to identify movement deficiencies that could negatively impact athletic performance in female team sport athletes.

DOI 10.5604/20831862.1127281
Citations Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2014 Lockie RG, Schultz AB, Callaghan SJ, Jeffriess MD, 'The effects of traditional and enforced stopping speed and agility training on multidirectional speed and athletic function', Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28 1538-1551 (2014) [C1]

This study investigated the effects of a traditional speed and agility training program (TSA) and an enforced stopping program emphasizing deceleration (ESSA). Twenty college-aged... [more]

This study investigated the effects of a traditional speed and agility training program (TSA) and an enforced stopping program emphasizing deceleration (ESSA). Twenty college-aged team sport athletes (16 males, 4 females) were allocated into the training groups. Pretesting and posttesting included: 0-10, 0-20, 0-40 m sprint intervals, change-of-direction, and acceleration test (CODAT), T-test (multidirectional speed); vertical, standing broad, lateral, and drop jumps, medicine ball throw (power); Star Excursion Balance Test (posteromedial, medial, anteromedial reaches; dynamic stability); and concentric (240°·s-1) and eccentric (30°·s-1) knee extensor and flexor isokinetic testing (unilateral strength). Both groups completed a 6-week speed and agility program. The ESSA subjects decelerated to a stop within a specified distance in each drill. A repeated measures analysis of variance determined significant (p = 0.05) with in and between-group changes. Effect sizes (Cohen's d) were calculated. The TSA group improved all speed tests (d = 0.29-0.96), and most power tests (d = 0.57-1.10). The ESSA group improved the 40-m sprint, CODAT, T-test, and most power tests (d = 0.46-1.31) but did not significantly decrease 0-10 and 0-20 m times. The TSA group increased posteromedial and medial excursions (d = 0.97-1.89); the ESSA group increased medial excursions (d = 0.99-1.09). The ESSA group increased concentric knee extensor and flexor strength, but also increased between-leg knee flexor strength differences (d = 0.50-1.39). The loading associated with stopping can increase unilateral strength. Coaches should ensure deceleration drills allow for appropriate sprint distances before stopping, and athletes do not favor 1 leg for stopping after deceleration. © 2014 National Strength and Conditioning Association.

Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 3
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2014 Lockie RG, Jeffriess MD, McGann TS, Callaghan SJ, Schultz AB, 'Planned and reactive agility performance in semiprofessional and amateur basketball players', International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9 766-771 (2014) [C1]

Context: Research indicates that planned and reactive agility are different athletic skills. These skills have not been adequately assessed in male basketball players. Purpose: To... [more]

Context: Research indicates that planned and reactive agility are different athletic skills. These skills have not been adequately assessed in male basketball players. Purpose: To define whether 10-m-sprint performance and planned and reactive agility measured by the Y-shaped agility test can discriminate between semiprofessional and amateur basketball players. Methods: Ten semiprofessional and 10 amateur basketball players completed 10-m sprints and planned- and reactive-agility tests. The Y-shaped agility test involved subjects sprinting 5 m through a trigger timing gate, followed by a 45° cut and 5-m sprint to the left or right through a target gate. In the planned condition, subjects knew the cut direction. For reactive trials, subjects visually scanned to find the illuminated gate. A 1-way analysis of variance (P < .05) determined between-groups differences. Data were pooled (N = 20) for a correlation analysis (P < .05). Results: The reactive tests differentiated between the groups; semiprofessional players were 6% faster for the reactive left (P = .036) and right (P = .029) cuts. The strongest correlations were between the 10-m sprints and planned-agility tests (r = .590-.860). The reactive left cut did not correlate with the planned tests. The reactive right cut moderately correlated with the 10-m sprint and planned right cut (r = .487-.485). Conclusions: The results reemphasized that planned and reactive agility are separate physical qualities. Reactive agility discriminated between the semiprofessional and amateur basketball players; planned agility did not. To distinguish between male basketball players of different ability levels, agility tests should include a perceptual and decision-making component. © 2014 Human Kinetics, Inc.

DOI 10.1123/IJSPP.2013-0324
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 3
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2013 Lockie RG, Schultz AB, Callaghan SJ, Jeffriess MD, 'The Relationship between Dynamic Stability and Multidirectional Speed.', J Strength Cond Res, (2013)
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a744b6
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2013 Lockie RG, Schultz AB, Callaghan SJ, Jeffriess MD, 'The effects of isokinetic knee extensor and flexor strength on dynamic stability as measured by functional reaching', Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 21 301-309 (2013) [C1]

BACKGROUND: Team sport athletes require dynamic stability in unilateral activities for their sports, which necessitates some degree of knee flexion and extension strength. OBJECTI... [more]

BACKGROUND: Team sport athletes require dynamic stability in unilateral activities for their sports, which necessitates some degree of knee flexion and extension strength. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the possible association of knee extension and flexion strength with dynamic stability, as measured by the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). METHODS: Sixteen male team sport athletes completed the SEBT, which involves a series of unilateral squats with the subject maximally reaching with the other leg in eight directions. Knee muscle strength was measured isokinetically both concentrically (60°/s, 180°/s, 240°/s) and eccentrically (30°/s). Subjects were divided into better and lesser groups based on mean functional reach distance. A 1-way analysis of variance (p= 0.05) determined between-group differences in reach distances and relative torque. RESULTS: Subjects with better dynamic stability generated greater knee extensor torque concentrically at 180°/s for the right leg, and at all speeds for the left leg. The effects of knee strength were particularly noteworthy for the left leg, as subjects with better dynamic stability reached significantly further across all 8 directions. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that greater knee extensor strength may enhance unilateral dynamic stability in team sport athletes. © 2013 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

DOI 10.3233/IES-130501
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 5
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2013 Lockie RG, Murphy AJ, Schultz AB, Jeffriess MD, Callaghan SJ, 'Influence of Sprint Acceleration Stance Kinetics on Velocity and Step Kinematics in Field Sport Athletes', Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27 2494-2503 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31827f5103
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 5
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2013 Lockie RG, Schultz AB, Callaghan SJ, Jeffriess MD, Berry SP, 'Reliability and Validity of a New Test of Change-of-Direction Speed for Field-Based Sports: the Change-of-Direction and Acceleration Test (CODAT)', JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCE AND MEDICINE, 12 88-96 (2013) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 4
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2012 Lockie RG, Schultz A, Jeffriess MD, Callaghan SJ, 'The relationship between bilateral differences of knee flexor and extensor isokinetic strength and multi-directional speed', Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 20 211-219 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 7
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2012 Lockie RG, Murphy AJ, Schultz A, Knight TJ, Janse De Jonge XA, 'The effects of different speed training protocols on sprint acceleration kinematics and muscle strength and power in field sport athletes', Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26 1539-1550 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 23Web of Science - 21
Co-authors Robert Lockie, X Jansedejonge
2012 Lockie RG, Schultz A, Callaghan SJ, Jeffriess MD, 'Physiological profile of national-level junior American football players in Australia', Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences, 6 127-136 (2012) [C2]
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2012 Lockie RG, Jeffriess MD, Schultz A, Callaghan SJ, 'Relationship between absolute and relative power with linear and change-of-direction speed in junior American football players from Australia', Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 20 4-12 (2012) [C1]
Co-authors Robert Lockie
Show 9 more journal articles

Conference (5 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2014 Schultz A, Schultz A, Blackburn M, Logan P, White D, Taaffe D, Lockie R, 'Musculoskeletal screening as a predictor of seasonal low back pain in Olympic class sailors', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport (2014) [E3]
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2014 Lockie R, Jeffriess M, McGann T, Callghan S, Schultz A, 'The Effects of Preventative Ankle Taping on Planned and Reactive Agility and Peak Ankle Muscle Activity in Basketballers.', Supplement 2 National Strength and Conditioning Association 2014 Conference Abstracts (2014) [E3]
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000655
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2014 Lockie R, Callaghan S, Jordan C, Luczo T, Schultz A, 'The relationship between the Functional Movement Screen and dynamic stability as measured by the Star Excursion Balance Test in team sport athletes.', In Supplement 2 National Strength and Conditioning Association 2014 Conference Abstracts (2014) [E3]
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000655
2012 Lockie RG, Callaghan SJ, Berry SP, Jeffriess MD, Schultz A, 'Relationship between dynamic stability as measured by lower-limb functional reach and multidirectional speed in team sport athletes', NSCA National Conference & Exhibition Abstracts (2012) [E3]
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2011 Lockie RG, Schultz A, Callaghan SJ, Jeffriess MD, 'Vertical and propulsive ground reaction force during sprint acceleration in team sport athletes', 34th National Strength and Conditioning Association National Conference and Exhibition (2011) [E3]
Co-authors Robert Lockie
Show 2 more conferences
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 9
Total funding $71,526

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20153 grants / $37,000

Aetiology of Low Back Pain (LBP) in Hiking Class Sailors$30,000

Funding body: Australian Institute of Sport

Funding body Australian Institute of Sport
Project Team Mr Adrian Schultz
Scheme High Performance Sports Research Fund
Role Lead
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2015
GNo G1500228
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Commonwealth
Category 2OPC
UON Y

The Relative Age Effect in Female Youth Athletes.$5,000

Funding body: Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle | Australia

Funding body Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle | Australia
Project Team
Scheme Faculty Small Grant Scheme
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2015
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

PVC Conference Assistance Grant, American College of Sports Medicine Conference - San Diego, USA$2,000

Funding body: Faculty of Science and Information Technology,The University of Newcastle

Funding body Faculty of Science and Information Technology,The University of Newcastle
Project Team
Scheme Faculty PVC Conference Funding
Role Lead
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2015
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

20141 grants / $4,000

Aetiology of Low Back Pain (LBP) in Olympic Class Sailors$4,000

Funding body: Faculty of Science and Information Technology,The University of Newcastle

Funding body Faculty of Science and Information Technology,The University of Newcastle
Project Team
Scheme New Staff Grant Scheme
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

20131 grants / $5,000

Accredited Exercise Physiologist Lifestyle Modification Programming$5,000

Funding body: Central Coast Medicare Local

Funding body Central Coast Medicare Local
Project Team
Scheme Community Health Grant Scheme
Role Lead
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2013
GNo
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Local
Category 2OPL
UON N

20121 grants / $3,806

The effects of ankle taping on muscle activation and performance during planned and reactive agility tests in basketball players$3,806

Funding body: NSW Sporting Injuries Committee

Funding body NSW Sporting Injuries Committee
Project Team Doctor Robert Lockie, Mr Matt Jeffriess, Mr Adrian Schultz, Mr Sam Callaghan
Scheme Research & Injury Prevention Scheme
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2013
GNo G1200945
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - State
Category 2OPS
UON Y

20101 grants / $14,802

A randomised controlled trial of the effect of lumbopelvic stabilising exercises and foot orthoses on pain and disability in people with low back pain.$14,802

Funding body: Faculty of Science and Information Technology,The University of Newcastle

Funding body Faculty of Science and Information Technology,The University of Newcastle
Project Team
Scheme Faculty Strategic Initiatives Research Fund (SIRF)
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2010
Funding Finish 2010
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

19981 grants / $6,018

National Research Foundation Research Grant$6,018

The Influence of an Adapted Knee Angle, as Determined by Isokinetic Assessment, on Sprint Starting Performance

Funding body: South African National Research Foundation

Funding body South African National Research Foundation
Project Team
Scheme Nationa Research Foundation Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 1998
Funding Finish 2000
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N

19971 grants / $900

University of Port Elizabeth Merit Award Scholarship$900

The Influence of an Adapted Knee Angle, as Determined by Isokinetic Assessment, on Sprint Starting Performance.

Funding body: University of Port Elizabeth

Funding body University of Port Elizabeth
Project Team
Scheme Student Merit Award Scholarship Program
Role Lead
Funding Start 1997
Funding Finish 1999
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N
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Mr Adrian Schultz

Position

Associate Lecturer
Exercise and Sport Science
School of Environmental and Life Sciences
Faculty of Science and Information Technology

Focus area

Applied Sciences

Contact Details

Email adrian.schultz@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 4348 4151
Fax (02) 4349 4404

Office

Room EXSB-205
Building Exercise Sport Science, and Psychology
Location Ourimbah
10 Chittaway Road
Ourimbah, NSW 2258
Australia
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