Dr Charles CC Lee

Program Convenor / Senior Lecturer
Faculty of Health and Medicine / School of Health Sciences

Biography

Dr lee has more than 25 years' experience in environmental research, teaching and consulting in North America, and Asia-Pacific countries. His experience encompasses consulting at one of the top environmental consulting firms in the USA, R&D at the Agency for Science Technology and Research (A*Star, Singapore), and academic teaching and research at UON. He is the Program Convenor for the Bachelor of Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (BEnvOHS) program. His research areas include environmental sustainability, environmental waste management, environmental health, and biotechnology solutions to industrial waste treatment.

Qualifications

  • 1987 PhD, Soil Science, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA
  • 1982 MSc, Soil Science, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA
  • 1980 BSc. Agricultural Science, Honors (Major: Soil Science. Minor: International Agriculture), University of Guelph, Canada

Specialisation

  • Environmental Remediation of Contaminated sites
  • Environmental Biotechnology
  • Environmental Sustainability
  • Environmental Health Risk Assessment of Contaminants

Research Areas

  • Bioremediation of wastes using plants and microbes
  • Remediation of contaminated sites
  • Human health risk assessment of toxic chemicals
  • Ecological toxicity of pollutants to receiving waters
  • Photocatalytic oxidation of industrial wastewater
  • Sustainability of the built environment

Peer-Reviewed Articles

YearCitation

2019

Lucas, SA, CC Lee, E Love. Recycled Organic and Mineral Materials For Use as Filter Media in Biofiltration Systems. Water 2019, 11, 1074. DOI:10.3390/w11051074.

2019

Ma Q, J Li, CC Lee, X Long, Y Liu, QT Wu. (2019). Combining Potassium Chloride Leaching with Vertical Electrokinetics to Remediate Cadmium-contaminated Soils. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. DOI:10.1007/s10653-019-00259-w.

2018

Lee CC, J Appels, and X Zhang (2018). Utilizing advanced fluorescence technology for real-time monitoring of toxic cyanobacteria in algal blooms. Water Purification Technology. 37 (3): 4-9.

2017

CC Lee. (2017). Sustainable Advantage: Accelerating from Regulatory Compliance to Environmental Sustainability. International Journal of Environmental Sustainability. Vol. 13 (2): 37-44.

2016

Liang He, CC Lee, H Wang, Lin X, Chen XH and Wu QT. (2016). Using a High Biomass Plant Pennisetum hydridum to Phyto-treat Fresh Municipal Sewage Sludge. Bioresource Technology. DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2016.02.025

2015

Geary PM, CA Evans, MT Maswabi, CC Lee, A Zammit, G Webster, M Hunter. (2015). Monitoring and Tracking Contaminant Sources in Catchments and Estuaries. Water Practice and Technology, 10 (3) 601-608; DOI: 10.2166/wpt.2015.070.

2014

Sun Y, QT Wu , CC Lee , B Li and X Long (2014): Cadmium sorption characteristics of soil amendments and its relationship with the cadmium uptake by hyperaccumulator and normal plants in amended soils, International Journal of Phytoremediation, 16:5: 496-508.

2013

Zhao Y, YT Yao, X Ming, C Yan, CC Lee, L Yang, KX Zhang, Yang S, Ming G. (2013) Rapid Detection of Chronobacter sakazakii in Dairy Food By Biofunctionalized Magnetic Nanoparticle Based on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Food Control. 34: 436-443.

2012

Palaniappan, K, & Lee CC. (2012). A review on Mahua Oil biodiesel as an alternative and renewable fuel. VNU-HCM Journal of Science and Technology, 50(4A), 42-49.

2004

Zhao B, CC Yeo, CC Lee, AL Geng, and CL Poh. (2004). Proteome Analysis of the gentisate-induced response in Pseudomonas alcaligenes NCIB 9867. Proteomics. 2004, 4, 2028-2036.

2004

Chiang K, TM Lim, L Tsen, and CC Lee. (2004). Photocatalytic Degradation and Mineralization of Bisphenol A by TiO2 and Platinized TiO2, Appl. Catal. A. General, 261(2), 225-237 (2004)

2004

Geng AL, XG Chen, WD Gould, YL Ng, R Yan, CC Lee and TD Liang. (2004). Removal of odorous sulphur-containing gases by a new isolate from activated sludge. Water Science & Technology. 2004, 50(4): 291-297.

Conference Presentations

YearCitation
2019 Lee CC, and T Roberts. 2019. Conservation of Borneo’s Critically Endangered Proboscis Monkeys. 15th International Conference on Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, 17-19 January, 2019, Vancouver, Canada.
2018 Chng D, J Sacre, CC Lee. 2018. Global System for Reviewing Waste Management and Recycling Facilities. Global Cleanup Congress (GCC), Coimbatore, India. 22-24 October.
2018 Ma Q, J Li, CC Lee, X long, Y Liu, QT Wu. Potassium Fertilizer Leaching Combined with Vertical Electrokinetics to Remediate Cadmium Contaminated Soils. Global Cleanup Congress (GCC), Coimbatore, India. 22-24 October.
2018 Lee CC, N Shen, A Rios, PF Yeap. 2018. Development of An Environmental Sustainability Ranking Tool (ESRT) for Industries. 14th International Conference on Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, 17-19 January, 2018. Cairns, Queensland.
2017 Lim CK, N Phua, RA Hamid, CC Lee. 2017. Adapting Work to People Interaction at the Airport Boarding Counter Point. XXI World Congress on Safety and Health at Work 2017. Marina Bay Sands, 3-6 September, 2017, Singapore.
2017 Chan Z, S Prasath, and CC Lee. 2017. Modern OSH Inspection Practices: Smart Life Cycle Approach to a Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). XXI World Congress on Safety and Health at Work 2017. Marina Bay Sands, 3-6 September, 2017, Singapore.
2017 Lee CC. 2017. Utilizing the risk-based corrective action (RBCA) framework to establish cleanup goals for remediation. RBCA special session. Cleanup 2017, Melbourne, 10- 14 September, 2017, Australia. (Invited Keynote Speaker by CRC Care)
2017 Lee CC, J Appels, ZX Chao. 2017. Utilizing advanced fluorescence technology for real-time monitoring of toxic cyanobacteria in algal blooms. International Water Association 4th Symposium on Lake and Reservoir Monitoring, Shanghai, China, 22-26 May 2017. (Invited Speaker by microLan, Netherlands and Zean, China)
2016 Love E, S Lucas, CC Lee. 2016. Improving Stormwater Treatment Using Engineered Filtration Media. Stormwater 2016, 29 Aug - 2 Sept, Surfers Paradise, Queensland, Australia.
2015 Lee CC. 2015. International Perspectives on Sustainability. Panel Session in the 3rd ASEAN Australian Engineering Congress: Innovative Technologies for Sustainable Development and Renewable Energy. 13 March 2015, Singapore. (Invited Panel Member)
2015 Lin XY, H Wang,  CC Lee, XX Chen, QT Wu. 2015. Using a High Biomass Plant to Treat Municipal Sewage Sludge. Proceedings of the International Conference on Solid Waste - Knowledge Transfer for Sustainable Resource Management. Hong Kong SAR, China, 20-23 May 2015. ISBN 978-988-19988-8-0.
2015 Lee CC, YS Chan and X Gu. 2015. Fate, Toxicity and Human Health Impacts of Tetracycline Antibiotics in Water Systems. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Sustainable Urbanization. 7-9 Jan 2015, Hong Kong SAR, China. ISBN: 978-988-15439-6-7. P. 223.
2014 Lee CC and K Palaniappan. Health Impacts of Climate Change in Asia. 2014. International Conference on Environmental and Occupational Health (ICEOH) 2014. Universiti Putra Malaysia. Putrajaya, Malaysia, 7-9 April 2014.
2014 Lee CC and A Rios. An Integrated Environmental Impact Assessment – Environmental Management System (EIA-EMS) Model for Enhancing Global Environmental Management. 2014. Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Asian Conference on Sustainability, Energy and Environment. Organized by the International Academic Forum. Osaka, Japan, 12-15 June 2014.
2013 Lee CC, J. Appels, C. Broers. 2013. Harnessing Bioluminescence and Fluorescence Technologies for Rapid Real-time Monitoring of Water Quality. Proceedings of the 6th Annual World Congress of Industrial Biotechnology. Nanjing, 25-27 April 2013. (Invited paper)
2013 Wu QT, and CC Lee. 2013. Use of Phytoremediation to Rehabilitate Agricultural Soils Contaminated By Toxic Mining Discharge. 3rd Best Practice Ecological Rehabilitation of Mined Lands Conference. Conference Proceedings, p 22. 12 Sept 2013, Singleton, NSW, Australia.
2013 Lucas S, CC Lee, and E Love. 2013. The Performance of Recycled Organic and Mineral Materials as Reactive Filter Media. International Conference on Solid Waste. Hong Kong SAR, 5-8 May, 2013.
2013 Lucas S, CC Lee, and E Love. 2013. The Performance of Recycled Organic and Mineral Materials as Reactive Filter Media Based on Column Studies and Music v5 Modelling. NSW Stormwater Industry Association Conference, Blue Mountains, NSW, Australia. 17-19 Sept 2013.
2012 Lee CC, J Appels, and C Broers. 2012. Online Toxicity Monitoring of Heavy Metals in Water Samples. Abstract. Water Convention, Jointly Organized by the International Water Association (USA) and Public Utilities Board (Singapore). Singapore International Water Week, Singapore, 1-5 July 2012.
2011 Lee CC. Sustainable waste management and technologies. Invited speaker at the CHWMEG conference on Responsible waste stewardship: Business sustainability and waste management processes, EnviroAsia, Singapore. 22 November 2011.
2011 Palaniappan K, and CC Lee. 2011. Reduction of diesel engine emissions using ethanol-based transesterified mahua biodiesel. Proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental Pollution and Remediation, Ottawa, Canada. August 2011. 218:1-7. ISBN 978-0-9867183-2-8.
2003 Geng AL, J Matheickal, CC Lee and L Loke. (2003). Kinetics of Sea-Nine Degradation in Ballast Water, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Port & Maritime R&D and Technology, Vol 2, pp. 75-78, Singapore, 10-12 September 2003.
2003 Geng AL, XG Chen, WD Gould, YL Ng, R Yan, CC Lee and TD Liang. Isolation of Dimethylsulphide-degrading Bacteria from Activated Sludge, 2nd IWA International Conference on Odour and VOCs, Singapore, 14-17 September.
2003 Yan R, YL Ng, XG Chen, AL Geng, WD Gould, HQ Duan, DT Liang, CC Lee. Batch experiments of DMS/H2S degradation by bacteria isolated from activated sludge. 2nd IWA International Conference on Odour and VOCs, Singapore, 14-17 September 2003.
2003 Zhao B., CC Yeo, CC Lee,AL Geng, and CL Poh, Proteome Mapping of the gentisate-induced response in Pseudomonas alcaligenes NCIB 9867, International Water Association (IWA) Conference on Environmental Biotech in Johor Bharu, Malaysia. May 2-3, 2003.
2002 Lee CC, Geng AL, Yeo CC and Poh CL. Application of Gene-Based Technologies to Bioremediation, Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds: The Third International Conference, May 20-23, 2002, Monterey, California.

Technical Workshops

YearCitation
2018        Lee, CC and QT Wu. 6 Hour workshop on “Harnessing Hyperaccumulator Plants to Phytoremediate Contaminated Sites” at the Global Cleanup Congress (GCC), Coimbatore, India. 21 October 2018.
2011 Lee, CC. Invited technical expert to conduct a two-day technical workshop on “Risk-based Corrective Action (RBCA) and Bioremediation of Contaminated Sites” at the Department of Soil Pollution and Control, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES), Beijing, China. 29-30 November, 2011.

Patent

YearCitation
2004 Lee, CC, KKK Chiang, TM Lim, LTS Tsen. Method and System for the Degradation of Halogenated Compounds. Nanyang Technological University (NTU) Ventures Pte Ltd, Singapore. International Application No: PCT/SG2004/000116.

Research Grants Obtained (since joining UONS)

YearGrantValue
2019 Principal Investigator, “Rehabilitation and Conservation of the Endangered Proboscis Monkey in Curiak Island, Kalimantan, Indonesia”. University of Newcastle Singapore’s Small Project Research Grant 2019. S$10,000
2017 Principal Investigator, “Development of An Environmental Sustainability Ranking Tool for Industries”. University of Newcastle Singapore’s Small Project Research Grant 2017. Budget: S$5,000
2014 Co-Investigator, “Workplace Safety and Health in the Singapore Construction Industry: Assessing the Nexus between Mental Health and Productivity”. In collaboration with Ssangyong Engineering and Construction, Singapore. Awarded by the Worker Health and Safety Research Institute, Singapore. S$361,000.
2003 Principal Investigator, “Evaluation of Environmental Benchmarks for Jurong Town Corporation’s Wafer Fabrication Industrial Parks”. In collaboration with MW Zander, Singapore. ASTAR’s research grant awarded by Jurong Town Corporation, Singapore. S$350,000
2002 Principal Investigator, “Development of Environmental Baseline Studies for Industrial Sites in Woodlands and Jurong”. Jurong Town Corporation, Singapore. S$200,000

Ph.D. Supervisions

Commenced Research Title Supervisor Type
2004

Zhao Bing. Proteome Analysis of the Gentisate-induced Response in Pseudomonas alcaligenes NCIB 9867.

PhD co-supervisor with ASTAR’s Environmental Technology Institute in conjunction with A/Prof Poh Chit Laa (Department of Microbiology, National University of Singapore, Singapore).

Co-Supervisor