Dr Charles CC Lee
Program Convenor / Senior Lecturer
College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing / School of Health Sciences
Dr lee has more than 25 years' experience in environmental research, teaching and consulting in North America, and Asia-Pacific countries. His experience encompasses consulting at one of the top environmental consulting firms in the USA, R&D at the Agency for Science Technology and Research (A*Star, Singapore), and academic teaching and research at UON. He is the Program Convenor for the Bachelor of Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (BEnvOHS) program. His research areas include environmental sustainability, environmental waste management, environmental health, and biotechnology solutions to industrial waste treatment.
- 1987 PhD, Soil Science, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA
- 1982 MSc, Soil Science, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA
- 1980 BSc. Agricultural Science, Honors (Major: Soil Science. Minor: International Agriculture), University of Guelph, Canada
- Environmental Remediation of Contaminated sites
- Environmental Biotechnology
- Environmental Sustainability
- Environmental Health Risk Assessment of Contaminants
- Bioremediation of wastes using plants and microbes
- Remediation of contaminated sites
- Human health risk assessment of toxic chemicals
- Ecological toxicity of pollutants to receiving waters
- Photocatalytic oxidation of industrial wastewater
- Sustainability of the built environment
Lucas, SA, CC Lee, E Love. Recycled Organic and Mineral Materials For Use as Filter Media in Biofiltration Systems. Water 2019, 11, 1074. DOI:10.3390/w11051074.
Ma Q, J Li, CC Lee, X Long, Y Liu, QT Wu. (2019). Combining Potassium Chloride Leaching with Vertical Electrokinetics to Remediate Cadmium-contaminated Soils. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. DOI:10.1007/s10653-019-00259-w.
Lee CC, J Appels, and X Zhang (2018). Utilizing advanced fluorescence technology for real-time monitoring of toxic cyanobacteria in algal blooms. Water Purification Technology. 37 (3): 4-9.
CC Lee. (2017). Sustainable Advantage: Accelerating from Regulatory Compliance to Environmental Sustainability. International Journal of Environmental Sustainability. Vol. 13 (2): 37-44.
Liang He, CC Lee, H Wang, Lin X, Chen XH and Wu QT. (2016). Using a High Biomass Plant Pennisetum hydridum to Phyto-treat Fresh Municipal Sewage Sludge. Bioresource Technology. DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2016.02.025
Geary PM, CA Evans, MT Maswabi, CC Lee, A Zammit, G Webster, M Hunter. (2015). Monitoring and Tracking Contaminant Sources in Catchments and Estuaries. Water Practice and Technology, 10 (3) 601-608; DOI: 10.2166/wpt.2015.070.
Sun Y, QT Wu , CC Lee , B Li and X Long (2014): Cadmium sorption characteristics of soil amendments and its relationship with the cadmium uptake by hyperaccumulator and normal plants in amended soils, International Journal of Phytoremediation, 16:5: 496-508.
Zhao Y, YT Yao, X Ming, C Yan, CC Lee, L Yang, KX Zhang, Yang S, Ming G. (2013) Rapid Detection of Chronobacter sakazakii in Dairy Food By Biofunctionalized Magnetic Nanoparticle Based on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Food Control. 34: 436-443.
Palaniappan, K, & Lee CC. (2012). A review on Mahua Oil biodiesel as an alternative and renewable fuel. VNU-HCM Journal of Science and Technology, 50(4A), 42-49.
Zhao B, CC Yeo, CC Lee, AL Geng, and CL Poh. (2004). Proteome Analysis of the gentisate-induced response in Pseudomonas alcaligenes NCIB 9867. Proteomics. 2004, 4, 2028-2036.
Chiang K, TM Lim, L Tsen, and CC Lee. (2004). Photocatalytic Degradation and Mineralization of Bisphenol A by TiO2 and Platinized TiO2, Appl. Catal. A. General, 261(2), 225-237 (2004)
Geng AL, XG Chen, WD Gould, YL Ng, R Yan, CC Lee and TD Liang. (2004). Removal of odorous sulphur-containing gases by a new isolate from activated sludge. Water Science & Technology. 2004, 50(4): 291-297.
|2020||Lee, CC. Ecological Restoration of Degraded Peatlands in Indonesia: Achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Proceedings of the 6th World Congress on New Technologies (NewTech’20). International Conference on Environmental Pollution and Remediation. August 19-21, 2020|
|2020||Lee, CC. Development of An Environmental Sustainability Ranking Tool (ESRT) for Industries. Proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental Science and Applications ICESA’20. Virtual conference. September 7-8, 2020|
|2019||Lee CC, and T Roberts. 2019. Conservation of Borneo’s Critically Endangered Proboscis Monkeys. 15th International Conference on Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, 17-19 January, 2019, Vancouver, Canada.|
|2018||Chng D, J Sacre, CC Lee. 2018. Global System for Reviewing Waste Management and Recycling Facilities. Global Cleanup Congress (GCC), Coimbatore, India. 22-24 October.|
|2018||Ma Q, J Li, CC Lee, X long, Y Liu, QT Wu. Potassium Fertilizer Leaching Combined with Vertical Electrokinetics to Remediate Cadmium Contaminated Soils. Global Cleanup Congress (GCC), Coimbatore, India. 22-24 October.|
|2018||Lee CC, N Shen, A Rios, PF Yeap. 2018. Development of An Environmental Sustainability Ranking Tool (ESRT) for Industries. 14th International Conference on Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, 17-19 January, 2018. Cairns, Queensland.|
|2017||Lim CK, N Phua, RA Hamid, CC Lee. 2017. Adapting Work to People Interaction at the Airport Boarding Counter Point. XXI World Congress on Safety and Health at Work 2017. Marina Bay Sands, 3-6 September, 2017, Singapore.|
|2017||Chan Z, S Prasath, and CC Lee. 2017. Modern OSH Inspection Practices: Smart Life Cycle Approach to a Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). XXI World Congress on Safety and Health at Work 2017. Marina Bay Sands, 3-6 September, 2017, Singapore.|
|2017||Lee CC. 2017. Utilizing the risk-based corrective action (RBCA) framework to establish cleanup goals for remediation. RBCA special session. Cleanup 2017, Melbourne, 10- 14 September, 2017, Australia. (Invited Keynote Speaker by CRC Care)|
|2017||Lee CC, J Appels, ZX Chao. 2017. Utilizing advanced fluorescence technology for real-time monitoring of toxic cyanobacteria in algal blooms. International Water Association 4th Symposium on Lake and Reservoir Monitoring, Shanghai, China, 22-26 May 2017. (Invited Speaker by microLan, Netherlands and Zean, China)|
|2016||Love E, S Lucas, CC Lee. 2016. Improving Stormwater Treatment Using Engineered Filtration Media. Stormwater 2016, 29 Aug - 2 Sept, Surfers Paradise, Queensland, Australia.|
|2015||Lee CC. 2015. International Perspectives on Sustainability. Panel Session in the 3rd ASEAN Australian Engineering Congress: Innovative Technologies for Sustainable Development and Renewable Energy. 13 March 2015, Singapore. (Invited Panel Member)|
|2015||Lin XY, H Wang, CC Lee, XX Chen, QT Wu. 2015. Using a High Biomass Plant to Treat Municipal Sewage Sludge. Proceedings of the International Conference on Solid Waste - Knowledge Transfer for Sustainable Resource Management. Hong Kong SAR, China, 20-23 May 2015. ISBN 978-988-19988-8-0.|
|2015||Lee CC, YS Chan and X Gu. 2015. Fate, Toxicity and Human Health Impacts of Tetracycline Antibiotics in Water Systems. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Sustainable Urbanization. 7-9 Jan 2015, Hong Kong SAR, China. ISBN: 978-988-15439-6-7. P. 223.|
|2014||Lee CC and K Palaniappan. Health Impacts of Climate Change in Asia. 2014. International Conference on Environmental and Occupational Health (ICEOH) 2014. Universiti Putra Malaysia. Putrajaya, Malaysia, 7-9 April 2014.|
|2014||Lee CC and A Rios. An Integrated Environmental Impact Assessment – Environmental Management System (EIA-EMS) Model for Enhancing Global Environmental Management. 2014. Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Asian Conference on Sustainability, Energy and Environment. Organized by the International Academic Forum. Osaka, Japan, 12-15 June 2014.|
|2013||Lee CC, J. Appels, C. Broers. 2013. Harnessing Bioluminescence and Fluorescence Technologies for Rapid Real-time Monitoring of Water Quality. Proceedings of the 6th Annual World Congress of Industrial Biotechnology. Nanjing, 25-27 April 2013. (Invited paper)|
|2013||Wu QT, and CC Lee. 2013. Use of Phytoremediation to Rehabilitate Agricultural Soils Contaminated By Toxic Mining Discharge. 3rd Best Practice Ecological Rehabilitation of Mined Lands Conference. Conference Proceedings, p 22. 12 Sept 2013, Singleton, NSW, Australia.|
|2013||Lucas S, CC Lee, and E Love. 2013. The Performance of Recycled Organic and Mineral Materials as Reactive Filter Media. International Conference on Solid Waste. Hong Kong SAR, 5-8 May, 2013.|
|2013||Lucas S, CC Lee, and E Love. 2013. The Performance of Recycled Organic and Mineral Materials as Reactive Filter Media Based on Column Studies and Music v5 Modelling. NSW Stormwater Industry Association Conference, Blue Mountains, NSW, Australia. 17-19 Sept 2013.|
|2012||Lee CC, J Appels, and C Broers. 2012. Online Toxicity Monitoring of Heavy Metals in Water Samples. Abstract. Water Convention, Jointly Organized by the International Water Association (USA) and Public Utilities Board (Singapore). Singapore International Water Week, Singapore, 1-5 July 2012.|
|2011||Lee CC. Sustainable waste management and technologies. Invited speaker at the CHWMEG conference on Responsible waste stewardship: Business sustainability and waste management processes, EnviroAsia, Singapore. 22 November 2011.|
|2011||Palaniappan K, and CC Lee. 2011. Reduction of diesel engine emissions using ethanol-based transesterified mahua biodiesel. Proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental Pollution and Remediation, Ottawa, Canada. August 2011. 218:1-7. ISBN 978-0-9867183-2-8.|
|2003||Geng AL, J Matheickal, CC Lee and L Loke. (2003). Kinetics of Sea-Nine Degradation in Ballast Water, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Port & Maritime R&D and Technology, Vol 2, pp. 75-78, Singapore, 10-12 September 2003.|
|2003||Geng AL, XG Chen, WD Gould, YL Ng, R Yan, CC Lee and TD Liang. Isolation of Dimethylsulphide-degrading Bacteria from Activated Sludge, 2nd IWA International Conference on Odour and VOCs, Singapore, 14-17 September.|
|2003||Yan R, YL Ng, XG Chen, AL Geng, WD Gould, HQ Duan, DT Liang, CC Lee. Batch experiments of DMS/H2S degradation by bacteria isolated from activated sludge. 2nd IWA International Conference on Odour and VOCs, Singapore, 14-17 September 2003.|
|2003||Zhao B., CC Yeo, CC Lee,AL Geng, and CL Poh, Proteome Mapping of the gentisate-induced response in Pseudomonas alcaligenes NCIB 9867, International Water Association (IWA) Conference on Environmental Biotech in Johor Bharu, Malaysia. May 2-3, 2003.|
|2002||Lee CC, Geng AL, Yeo CC and Poh CL. Application of Gene-Based Technologies to Bioremediation, Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds: The Third International Conference, May 20-23, 2002, Monterey, California.|
|2018||Lee, CC and QT Wu. 6 Hour workshop on “Harnessing Hyperaccumulator Plants to Phytoremediate Contaminated Sites” at the Global Cleanup Congress (GCC), Coimbatore, India. 21 October 2018.|
|2011||Lee, CC. Invited technical expert to conduct a two-day technical workshop on “Risk-based Corrective Action (RBCA) and Bioremediation of Contaminated Sites” at the Department of Soil Pollution and Control, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES), Beijing, China. 29-30 November, 2011.|
|2004||Lee, CC, KKK Chiang, TM Lim, LTS Tsen. Method and System for the Degradation of Halogenated Compounds. Nanyang Technological University (NTU) Ventures Pte Ltd, Singapore. International Application No: PCT/SG2004/000116.|
Grants and Funding
Research Grants Obtained (since joining UONS)
|2019||Principal Investigator, “Rehabilitation and Conservation of the Endangered Proboscis Monkey in Curiak Island, Kalimantan, Indonesia”. University of Newcastle Singapore’s Small Project Research Grant 2019.||S$10,000|
|2017||Principal Investigator, “Development of An Environmental Sustainability Ranking Tool for Industries”. University of Newcastle Singapore’s Small Project Research Grant 2017. Budget:||S$5,000|
|2014||Co-Investigator, “Workplace Safety and Health in the Singapore Construction Industry: Assessing the Nexus between Mental Health and Productivity”. In collaboration with Ssangyong Engineering and Construction, Singapore. Awarded by the Worker Health and Safety Research Institute, Singapore.||S$361,000.|
|2003||Principal Investigator, “Evaluation of Environmental Benchmarks for Jurong Town Corporation’s Wafer Fabrication Industrial Parks”. In collaboration with MW Zander, Singapore. ASTAR’s research grant awarded by Jurong Town Corporation, Singapore.||S$350,000|
|2002||Principal Investigator, “Development of Environmental Baseline Studies for Industrial Sites in Woodlands and Jurong”. Jurong Town Corporation, Singapore.||S$200,000|
|Commenced||Research Title||Supervisor Type|
Zhao Bing. Proteome Analysis of the Gentisate-induced Response in Pseudomonas alcaligenes NCIB 9867.
PhD co-supervisor with ASTAR’s Environmental Technology Institute in conjunction with A/Prof Poh Chit Laa (Department of Microbiology, National University of Singapore, Singapore).