Adverse pregnancy outcomes among women in Australia

Name: Habtamu Mellie Bizuayehu

Supervisors: Professor Deborah Loxton, Dr Melissa Harris, Dr Catherine Chojenta


About a quarter (25.8%) (11) of pregnancies in Australia end with any adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth (8.7%), low birth weight (6.5%), section births (33%), labour induction (29%), instrumental delivery (11% - 12%) (30) and macrosomia (9.1% in gestational diabetic and 11.9% none diabetic pregnancies (86)). Adverse pregnancy outcomes have been associated with various socio-demographic factors, life events, behavioural and chronic diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, and asthma. This study will generate evidence about the occurrence, recurrence, trajectory and geospatial distribution of adverse pregnancy outcomes and the associated socio-demographic, behavioural and chronic diseases factors in Australia.  The study will assist with resource planning, and clinical decision making. Furthermore, geospatial and trajectory analysis will used for explaining geographic distribution and momentum/course of adverse pregnancy outcome during the reproductively active years.

The University of Newcastle acknowledges the traditional custodians of the lands within our footprint areas: Awabakal, Darkinjung, Biripai, Worimi, Wonnarua, and Eora Nations. We also pay respect to the wisdom of our Elders past and present.