More on GBV
Three research platforms are utilised to meet this goal:
- Existing and newly collected quantitative survey and administrative data will be analysed to determine the scope of different types of abuse and the impact of these on health and health service use.
- Qualitative and quantitative investigations will be conducted to develop our understanding of the factors that exacerbate the detrimental impact of abuse and those that promote healing.
- Effective methods of translating research findings into policy and practice initiatives will be developed and evaluated.
To date, the majority of analyses have involved data collected by the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health (ALSWH). ALSWH data have revealed links between abuse and health at all stages of life. Adversity in childhood is strongly linked with the presence of adverse health behaviours and less than optimal levels of healthy behaviours. Bullying in adolescence and early adulthood shows similar results for health behaviour and, further, bullying has strong links with psychological distress and suicidal ideation. Domestic (or intimate partner) violence has a significant detrimental impact on mental and physical health that can last decades. In older age, the impact of abuse has been linked with earlier death and disability. Ongoing work in this program that uses ALSWH data will explore the healthcare costs and long-term impact of childhood adversity, establish the course of health before and after domestic violence is experienced, and identify factors that might support recovery from domestic violence, and the cumulative impact of different types of abuse experienced at different stages of the life course.