A number of oxy-fuel demonstrations have recently commenced, will commence shortly, or are planned, as shown on the Table.
Most of the boilers are coal fired, as pulverised fuel (PC), with some circulating fluidised beds (CFBs). Some are pilot-plants which demonstrate the combustion and gas cleaning processes, some also couple carbon capture with storage (CCS).
Table: Listing of current oxy-fuel demonstrations, tabled by Stanley Santos as a poster presentation at the 1st Oxy-fuel Combustion Conference as part IEA Greenhouse Gas Programme Oxy-fuel Combustion Network. Reproduced with author's permission.
Historical Progression of Oxy-fuel Technology