Aftermaths of War: Violence, Trauma, Displacement, 1815-1950
Professor Joy Damousi; Professor Philip Dwyer; Professor Mark Edele; Associate Professor Frances Clarke; Associate Professor Hans Kieser; Professor Peter Gatrell; Associate Professor Rebecca Plant; Dr Reto Hofmann
2020-2024 ARC funded Discovery Project, $448,000.00
This project aims to investigate the cultural, social and psychological aftermaths of wars between 1815 to 1950 from a comparative, transnational perspective. By connecting the displacement of people, the brutalization of warfare and the trauma associated with it, this study will offer a broader and more complex understanding of the experience of civilians and combatants in the wake of armed conflicts. In so doing, it will challenge traditional periodizations which delineate between periods of war and peace, and seek to uncover the profound legacies of war not just within but beyond nation states. This will prompt a re-evaluation of our understanding of what constitutes warfare and its aftermaths.
Between Death & Commemoration: An Australian History of the War Corpse
2020-2022, Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA), $379,405
This project aims to provide the first ever account of the changing policies, practices and attitudes that have shaped how the physical remains of Australian war dead have been dealt with between the First World War and the recent wars in the Middle East (1915-2015). By investigating this invisible aspect of our military past, it will create new directions in Australian war history and provide an Australian perspective on global conversations about the history of the corpse in war. New knowledge about the war corpse will advance national understandings about the realities of war, and provide valuable information and more informed perspectives about death in war to history educators, cultural institutions, military units and the public.
A collaboration with Birkbeck University of London, SHaME is an interdisciplinary research hub for scholarship on the interlinks between sexual violence, medicine, and psychiatry. Sexual harms are experienced by people across different societies and are often shrouded in complex feelings around shame. We aim to move beyond shame to address this global health crisis.
Perpetrator Package - Young Perpetrators activity
Dr Tamara Blakemore
$872,361. Funding body: Department of Social Services
The Impact of Solitary Confinement on Convicts, 1817-1853
Unquiet Minds: Psychiatry in World War Two and its Aftermaths
2016-2018, Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA), ($354,000)
This project aims to provide the first comprehensive account of psychiatry in World War Two and its consequences in American, British and Australian contexts. World War Two was a watershed in the theory and practice of psychiatry in the western world, yet it figures less in the literature than the shell shock of World War One and the post-traumatic stress disorder of the Vietnam War. The projects aims to investigate the diverse patient cohorts – such as prisoners of war, veterans and children separated from caregivers – encountered by psychiatrists and the impact of the theories and practices that resulted from these interactions. It expects to provide historical context for current psychiatric concepts and practicehttps://www.newcastle.edu.au/research-and-innovation/centre/csov/research/_edit#s.
Intimacy and Violence in Anglo Pacific Rim Colonial Societies, 1830-1930
2015-2018 ARC funded project, $500,137
Violence and intimacy were both fundamental to the formation of settler colonial societies, yet we know surprisingly little of how they were connected. Through a large-scale collaboration of leading scholars, this project aims to produce the first transnational analysis of intimacy and violence as key, intertwined vectors in the development of settler societies across the colonial Anglophone Pacific Rim. Drawing out connections between the broad-scale dynamics of colonial rule and the violent and intimate domains of its implementation on the ground, the project aims to generate new comparative insights into the development of colonial settler cultures and create enhanced understanding of their legacies for western settler democracies today.
Violence on the Australian Colonial Frontier, 1788-1960
Prof Lyndall Ryan, and Dr Jonathan Richards (UQ)
2013-2016 ARC funded project, $289,000.00
How many Aborigines and settlers were killed on the Australian frontier? Were they mostly killed in ones and twos or in mass killings? How can we know? These questions are of first national importance in understanding the past. This project takes a fresh approach to frontier violence by employing new analytical methods to investigate the complex array of sources to produce new estimates of casualties 1788 to 1960. The findings will be made available in online maps and transform our understanding of the ongoing trauma of frontier violence that persists in Australian society today
War, Violence, and Apocalyptic-Millenarianism in the Middle East: Talat Pasha and the Foundation of Modern Turkey, 1874-1921
2013-2017 ARC funded Future Fellowship, $790,764.00
This research project considers the Young Turk Revolution of 1908, the Ottoman entry into the First Word War on the side of the Axis powers, and the subsequent demise of the Ottoman Empire in a broad international context. It addresses matters of deep analytical import - state formation, political violence, and genocide - and the relationship between these elements. It focuses in particular on the Grand Vizir, Talat Pasha, the founder of the modern Turkish nation-state, and the architect of the Armenian genocide. This history is essential for a contemporary understanding of the most controversial problems - the Kurdish conflict, the Armenian question, Palestine - facing Turkey and the Middle East today.
Massacre and Colonization, 1780-1820
ARC funded project
This collaborative study examines massacre and colonization in a critical period in modern history
(1780-1820) in four different parts of the world - Australia, South Africa, North America and Europe. It will yield new conclusions about the massacre in history, and reverse accepted norms surrounding the interactions between conquerors and subaltern peoples. It is particularly important for understanding how societies identify with their past and especially in understanding contemporary race relations. Expected outcomes include a significant conceptual advance in the study of the history of massacre.
Women, Stalinism and the Soviet Home Front, 1941-45
Prof Roger Markwick, and Prof Dr Beate Fieseler (Düsseldorf) (ARC funded project)
Women have long been hidden players in warfare; nowhere more so than on the Eastern Front during the Second World War, where they played a crucial role in the defeat of Nazism by Stalin's Red Army. This international collaborative project is bringing to light the hitherto hidden wartime experiences of Soviet women who bore the brunt of maintaining life on the home front. The overarching objective of the project is to determine exactly what it was about Soviet state, society and culture that enabled the draconian Stalinist regime, confronted with catastrophic defeat, to mobilise millions of women on the home front.