Associate Professor Ying Wang

Associate Professor Ying Wang

Conjoint Senior Lecturer

School of Engineering

Career Summary

Biography

Dr. Wang completed a Bachelor Degree in Central South University, China. She completed PhD degree at the Newcastle University (2009-2013). On 2013, she completed the PhD and started her research career with University of Shanghai for Science and Technology since.  She is also affiliated with School of Engineering at University of Newcastle where she is appointed as a conjoint senior lecturer in February 2018.

Research Expertise
Dr Wang has been a Lecturer with University of Shanghai for Science and Technology since November 2013, and then became an Associate Professor in July 2016. Dr Wang has wide research and industrial consulting experience relating to Fluid Machinery and Multiphase Flow related interdisciplinary fields. Her research interests include

  • Multiphase Flow
  • Fluid Machinery (Wind Turbine, Flapping Foil, Hydro Turbine, New Type of Energy Generator)
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Pnuematic Conveying

Qualifications

  • Doctor of Philosophy, University of Newcastle

Keywords

  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Flow control
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Multiphase flow
  • Pneumatic conveying
  • Renewable energy
  • Turbomachinary
  • Wind Turbine

Languages

  • Chinese, nec (Mother)
  • English (Fluent)

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
091501 Computational Fluid Dynamics 40
091399 Mechanical Engineering not elsewhere classified 30
091599 Interdisciplinary Engineering not elsewhere classified 30

Professional Experience

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
8/02/2018 -  Conjoint Senior Lecturer Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, University of Newcastle
School of Engineering
Australia
1/07/2016 -  Associate Professor University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
School of Energy and Power Engineering
China
11/11/2013 - 30/06/2016 Lecturer University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
School of Energy and Power Engineering
China
1/03/2013 - 30/08/2018 Research Associate Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, University of Newcastle
School of Engineering
Australia

Professional appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/09/2017 -  Head of Workstation University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Technology Transfer Center
China

Awards

Award

Year Award
2017 Outstanding Young Scholars of Shanghai Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
Shanghai Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics

Teaching

Code Course Role Duration
11100571 Software Practice of Energy and Power Computer Lecturer in Course (in Chinese)
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Lecturer in Course 20/09/2015 - 9/01/2016
15002880 Introduction to Power Engineering (All in English)
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Lecturer in Course 5/03/2018 - 24/06/2018
11810020 Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development (in Chinese)
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Lecturer in Course 28/03/2016 - 18/06/2016
11100571 Software Practice of Energy and Power Computer Lecturer in Course (in Chinese)
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Lecturer in Course 17/09/2018 - 6/01/2019
11100031 Graduation field work” in Shanghai Turbine Company, Ltd. and Shanghai Blower Company, Ltd.
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Responsible Person in Course 6/09/2015 - 19/09/2015
11001940 Reading and writing in English for science and technology (Bilingual)
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Lecturer in Course 17/09/2018 - 6/01/2019
11001940 Engineering Fluid Mechanics (All in English)
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Lecturer in Course 5/03/2018 - 24/06/2018
11850020 CFD Numerical Modeling Training (in Chinese)
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Lecturer in Course 21/09/2014 - 3/01/2015
11100031 Graduation field work” in Shanghai Turbine Company, Ltd. and Shanghai Blower Company, Ltd.
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Responsible Person in Course 7/09/2014 - 20/09/2014
11810020 Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development (in Chinese)
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Lecturer in Course 20/02/2017 - 11/06/2017
11001940 Engineering Fluid Mechanics (All in English)
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Lecturer in Course 20/02/2017 - 11/06/2017
11001940 Engineering Fluid Mechanics (All in English)
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Lecturer in Course 28/03/2016 - 18/06/2016
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Chapter (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2014 Chen B, Cenna AA, Williams KC, Jones MG, Wang Y, 'Investigation of energy consumption and wear in bypass pneumatic conveying of alumina', Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering 221-230 (2014)

© Springer-Verlag London 2014. Dense phase pneumatic conveying is critically dependent on the physical properties of the materials to be conveyed. However, many materials, such as... [more]

© Springer-Verlag London 2014. Dense phase pneumatic conveying is critically dependent on the physical properties of the materials to be conveyed. However, many materials, such as alumina and coarse fly ash, which are highly abrasive, do not have dense phase conveying capacity. Bypass pneumatic conveying systems provide a dense phase capability to non-dense phase capable bulk materials. These systems also provide the capacity of lower the conveying velocity and therefore lower pipeline wear and lower power consumption occurs. The objectives of this work were to study the energy consumption and wear of bypass pneumatic transport systems. Pneumatic conveying of alumina experiments were carried out in a 79 mm diameter main pipe with a 27 mm inner diameter bypass pipe with orifice plate flute arrangement. High-speed camera visualizations were employed to present flow regimes in a horizontal pipe. The experimental result showed the conveying velocity of bypass system is much lower than that of conventional pipelines; thus, specific energy consumption in the conveying process is reduced. The service life of the bypass line has also been estimated.

DOI 10.1007/978-1-4471-4993-4_20
Co-authors Mark Jones, Ken Williams

Journal article (23 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2018 Wang Y, Shen S, Li G, Huang D, Zheng Z, 'Investigation on aerodynamic performance of vertical axis wind turbine with different series airfoil shapes', Renewable Energy, 126 801-818 (2018) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.renene.2018.02.095
Citations Scopus - 2
2018 Wang Y, Li G, Shen S, Huang D, Zheng Z, 'Influence of an off-surface small structure on the flow control effect on horizontal axis wind turbine at different relative inflow angles', Energy, 160 101-121 (2018) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.energy.2018.06.070
2018 Wang Y, Li G, Shen S, Huang D, Zheng Z, 'Investigation on aerodynamic performance of horizontal axis wind turbine by setting micro-cylinder in front of the blade leading edge', Energy, 143 1107-1124 (2018)

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd For NREL Phase VI horizontal axis wind turbine, a flow control method to suppress the flow separation by setting micro-cylinder in front of the blade leading e... [more]

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd For NREL Phase VI horizontal axis wind turbine, a flow control method to suppress the flow separation by setting micro-cylinder in front of the blade leading edge is proposed, and the corresponding numerical simulation analysis for the aerodynamic performance of wind turbine is conducted. Firstly, the results predicted by simulation are confirmed experimentally. Under the same operating condition, the simulation and experimental results of low-speed shaft torque are compared, along with results from other studies. It can be found that the simulation results can accurately reflect the basic physical characteristics of flow field for NREL Phase VI wind turbine. Secondly, the influence of different diameters and positions of micro-cylinders on aerodynamic performance of wind turbine is discussed. Numerical results suggest that under different stall conditions, setting appropriate micro-cylinders in front of the blade leading edge can effectively suppress flow separation on wind turbine blades without increasing the load of wind turbine. Moreover, under different wind speeds, micro-cylinders with different diameters and positions have various impacts on aerodynamic performance of wind turbine. Through numerical calculation, the blade torque can maximally have an increase of 27.3% by setting a micro-cylinder with proper diameter and position in front of the blade leading edge.

DOI 10.1016/j.energy.2017.10.094
Citations Scopus - 4
2018 Wang Y, Tan X, Wang N, Huang D, 'Aerodynamic design and numerical study for centrifugal turbine with different shapes of volutes', Applied Thermal Engineering, 131 472-485 (2018)

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Centrifugal turbine presents good aerodynamic and geometric compatibility. The straight blade can be directly used without significant effect on three dimensio... [more]

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Centrifugal turbine presents good aerodynamic and geometric compatibility. The straight blade can be directly used without significant effect on three dimensional flow field, and therefore the optimum values of the speed ratio and reaction degree can keep constant along the spanwise direction with higher turbine efficiency and simpler manufacturing. Furthermore, the closed impeller which is made by fixing the blade tip using cover band shows larger impeller strength and is suitable for high-speed rotation. In recent years, the centrifugal turbine with many potential advantages is gradually becoming a research hotspot in the field of turbine. In this paper, three kinds of volutes with different cross section shapes were designed for a single-stage centrifugal turbine unit. Based on the CFD simulation in the whole flow passage, the analysis of three-dimensional steady flow for the designed centrifugal turbine was carried out under both of design and off-design conditions, and the following results were obtained: the aerodynamic performance of centrifugal turbines with three kinds of volutes are almost the same under both of design and off-design conditions. Besides, the pear shaped volute shows slightly higher total efficiency, and its overall efficiency, stage internal efficiency and power are 87.36%, 85.79% and 484.88 kW, respectively.

DOI 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.11.097
Citations Scopus - 1
2017 Wang Y, Williams K, Jones M, Chen B, 'CFD simulation methodology for gas-solid flow in bypass pneumatic conveying ¿ A review', Applied Thermal Engineering, 125 185-208 (2017) [C1]

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd This paper presents a review of numerical models for simulation of gas-solid flow in bypass pneumatic conveying. The kinetic theory, conventional frictional-ki... [more]

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd This paper presents a review of numerical models for simulation of gas-solid flow in bypass pneumatic conveying. The kinetic theory, conventional frictional-kinetic model and a new modified frictional-kinetic model are described in some detail. The experimental results for pressure drops based on a number of test cases are presented and compared with numerical results obtained with different numerical models. The convergences of the modified frictional-kinetic model with different values of constants are also illustrated. Moreover, the fluidisation charts of different materials with flow mode boundaries are presented to provide guidance on what frictional approach to use for Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of gas-solid flow in a bypass pneumatic conveying system. Furthermore, a flow chart for the CFD simulation methodology of bypass pneumatic conveying is demonstrated. These outcomes and the associated design guidelines could assist in choosing the most appropriate models for simulation of pneumatic conveying.

DOI 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.05.063
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Ken Williams, Mark Jones
2017 Wang Y, Huang D, Han W, YangOu C, Zheng Z, 'Research on the mechanism of power extraction performance for flapping hydrofoils', Ocean Engineering, 129 626-636 (2017)

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd Utilizing the UCFD (Unified Computational Fluid Dynamics) software, this paper describes simulation of the extraction of marine tidal energy using a flapping h... [more]

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd Utilizing the UCFD (Unified Computational Fluid Dynamics) software, this paper describes simulation of the extraction of marine tidal energy using a flapping hydrofoil. Firstly, the validity of the numerical simulation was confirmed, where the time signal of heave force coefficient agreed well with the experimental result. Secondly, a parameter optimization study was conducted under different influence factors, results such as heaving force and work done by the heaving and pitching motions were analyzed and compared. When the quarter-period effective angle of attack is 34.4°, the heaving amplitude is 1.0c or the Strouhal number is 0.36, the power efficiency of the flapping foil was found maximized. Finally, by combining the vortex variation and pressure coefficient distribution on the hydrofoil surface at different moments, it was found that if there is a relatively large leading edge vortex at the bottom surface of the foil at 0.25¿T, and also if the difference between the pressure coefficients for top and bottom surfaces is relative large, then a high power efficiency could be achieved. This result could be used as a necessary, but not precisely sufficient¿condition for evaluating the power extraction, since the pitching amplitude should also be considered for analysis.

DOI 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2016.10.024
Citations Scopus - 1
2017 Wang Y, Sun XJ, Zhu B, Jiang K, Huang DG, 'Research on energy extraction characteristics for different series of flapping hydrofoils', Kung Cheng Je Wu Li Hsueh Pao/Journal of Engineering Thermophysics, 38 100-107 (2017)

© 2017, Science Press. All right reserved. By utilizing the UCFD software, this paper numerically investigated the energy extraction of flapping hydrofoil in current. Firstly, the... [more]

© 2017, Science Press. All right reserved. By utilizing the UCFD software, this paper numerically investigated the energy extraction of flapping hydrofoil in current. Firstly, the simulation result was verified by comparing with related experimental results. Secondly, with different series of hydrofoil shapes, simulation was conducted for energy extraction of flapping foil moving harmonically in current. Several results were found in this research: for NACA 4 series hydrofoils, the energy extraction efficiency basically increased first and then decreased with the increase of thickness of hydrofoil; for NACA 6, A, S and FX series hydrofoils, the energy extraction efficiency increased with the increase of thickness of hydrofoil; for hydrofoils with small difference of camber, if the hydrofoils had similar thickness and similar mode of formation and dissipation of vortex, the energy extraction efficiencies were close; for hydrofoils with the same thickness, the energy extraction efficiency decreased when the position of the maximum thickness of the hydrofoil was closer to the trailing edge; for thin hydrofoils, the symmetric hydrofoils showed higher energy extraction efficiencies than asymmetric hydrofoils; with generation and shedding of leading edge vortex at proper position, the energy extraction efficiency could be increased accordingly

2017 Zhu B, Sun X, Wang Y, Huang D, 'Performance characteristics of a horizontal axis turbine with fusion winglet', Energy, 120 431-440 (2017)

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd Any technique or method that can improve the efficiency in exploiting renewable wind or marine current energy has got a great significance today. It has been r... [more]

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd Any technique or method that can improve the efficiency in exploiting renewable wind or marine current energy has got a great significance today. It has been reported that adding a winglet at the tip of the rotor blades on a horizontal axis wind turbine can increase its power performance. The purpose of this paper is to adopt a numerical method to investigate the effects of different winglet configurations on turbine performance, especially focusing on the direction for the winglet tip to point towards (the suction side, pressure side or both sides of the main blade). The results show that the new design of an integrated fusion winglet proposed in this paper can generally improve the main blade's power producing ability, which is further enhanced with the increase of turbine's tip speed ratio with a maximum power augmentation of about 3.96%. No matter which direction the winglet tip faces, the installation angle of the winglet should match well with the real angle of incoming flow. As a whole, the turbine with winglet of two tips facing to both sides of the main blade can produce much more power than the one of winglet configuration whose tip faces only one side for different blade hub pitch angles and vast majority of tip speed ratios. The working principle behind the winglet in improving turbine performance may be that it can block the downwash fluid easily flowing around the tip section of the main blade from the pressure side to suction side, and hence diffuse and spread out the tip vortex. As a result, it finally decreases the energy loss. Besides, the relative projected rotor area in incoming flow direction will also be reduced due to the addition of the winglet, which is also helpful to turbine's power coefficient.

DOI 10.1016/j.energy.2016.11.094
Citations Scopus - 1
2017 Yi P, Wang Y, Sun X, Huang D, Zheng Z, 'The effect of variations in first- and second-order derivatives on airfoil aerodynamic performance', Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics, 11 54-68 (2017)

© 2016 The Author(s). The geometric factors which influence airfoil aerodynamic performance are attributed to variations in local first- and second-order curvature derivatives. Ba... [more]

© 2016 The Author(s). The geometric factors which influence airfoil aerodynamic performance are attributed to variations in local first- and second-order curvature derivatives. Based on a self-developed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) program called UCFD, the influence of local profile variations on airfoil aerodynamic performance in different pressure areas is investigated. The results show that variations in first- and second-order derivatives of the airfoil profiles can cause fluctuations in airfoil aerodynamic performance. The greater the variation in local first- and second-order derivatives, the greater the fluctuation amplitude of the airfoil aerodynamic coefficients. Moreover, at the area near the leading edge and the shock-wave position, the surface pressure is more sensitive to changes in first- and second-order derivatives. These results provide a reference for airfoil aerodynamic shape design.

DOI 10.1080/19942060.2016.1246264
Citations Scopus - 1
2016 Wang Y, Williams KC, Jones MG, Chen B, 'Gas¿solid flow behaviour prediction for sand in bypass pneumatic conveying with conventional frictional-kinetic model', Applied Mathematical Modelling, 40 1339-1351 (2016)

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd Bypass pneumatic conveying is an alternative way to convey material which does not have dense phase transport capability. The computational fluid dynamics base... [more]

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd Bypass pneumatic conveying is an alternative way to convey material which does not have dense phase transport capability. The computational fluid dynamics based commercial software Fluent 6.3 is used to investigate the pressure drop as well as the gas¿solid flow behaviour in a bypass pneumatic conveying system. The conveyed material was sand with a mean particle size of 378 µm and the solid loading ratio was in the range of 10¿123. The conventional frictional-kinetic model combining frictional and kinetic stresses simultaneously was applied for pressure drop prediction. The simulation results were then compared with experimental results from bypass pneumatic conveying tests. Selected image results from the computational fluid dynamics simulations were utilised and compared with images captured from high speed camera. In addition, a test case with low air mass flow rate and high solid loading ratio 82.49 was chosen as an example to show detailed gas¿solid flow behaviour in the simulation of highly dense flows. It was found that conventional frictional-kinetic model with modified packing limit and friction packing limit has greatly improved the pressure drop prediction result compared with kinetic theory without friction. The detailed analysis for the selected test case showed how the full bore dune formation and deformation of sand and bypass flutes interact. High amplitude fluctuations and variation in pressure and gas velocity were observed. The gas velocity vectors indicate a high degree of air penetration from the flute into the bypass pipe. This behaviour provides an aeration mechanism which is what makes the bypass system work and allows non-dense phase material to be conveyed in a dense mode of flow.

DOI 10.1016/j.apm.2016.06.034
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2
Co-authors Mark Jones, Ken Williams
2016 Wang Y, Williams KC, Jones MG, Chen B, 'Pressure drop prediction with a modified frictional-kinetic model for alumina in bypass pneumatic conveying system', International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 79 159-171 (2016) [C1]

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. A new frictional-kinetic model is proposed and modified for pressure drop prediction of alumina in a bypass pneumatic conveying system. This new model is base... [more]

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. A new frictional-kinetic model is proposed and modified for pressure drop prediction of alumina in a bypass pneumatic conveying system. This new model is based on the conventional Johnson-Jackson frictional-kinetic model. The critical value of solids volume fraction and maximum packing limit are modified based on the fluidized bulk density and tapped bulk density, respectively. In addition, an offset solid volume fraction is introduced into the frictional pressure model as well as into the radial distribution functions which represents the correction factors to modify the probability of collisions between particles when solid phase becomes excessively dense. For the application of the model, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were conducted by using kinetic theory, conventional frictional-kinetic model and modified frictional-kinetic model. The simulation results were then compared with the experimental results. It was found that the modified frictional-kinetic model showed the largest improvement on pressure drop prediction results compared with results obtained from applying the kinetic theory and the conventional frictional-kinetic model, especially for denser flows with low air mass flow rates and high solid loading ratios (SLR). In addition, the solids volume investigation of CFD simulations shows a strong comparison to the actual flow conditions in the pipe, as transient slug type flow of alumina is observed.

DOI 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2015.11.001
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2
Co-authors Ken Williams, Mark Jones
2016 Wang Y, Sun X, Dong X, Zhu B, Huang D, Zheng Z, 'Numerical investigation on aerodynamic performance of a novel vertical axis wind turbine with adaptive blades', Energy Conversion and Management, 108 275-286 (2016)

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. In this paper, a novel Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine was designed whose blade can be deformed automatically into a desired geometry and thus achieve a b... [more]

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. In this paper, a novel Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine was designed whose blade can be deformed automatically into a desired geometry and thus achieve a better aerodynamic performance. A series of numerical simulations were conducted by utilizing the United Computational Fluid Dynamics code. Firstly, analysis and comparison of the performance of undeformed and deformed blades for the rotors having different blades were conducted. Then, the power characteristics of each simulated turbine were summarized and a universal tendency was found. Secondly, investigation on the effect of blade number and solidity on the power performance of Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine with deformable and undeformable blades was carried out. The results indicated that compared to conventional turbines with same solidity, the maximum percentage increase in power coefficient that the low solidity turbine with three deformable blades can achieve is about 14.56%. When solidity is high and also turbine operates at low tip speed ratio of less than the optimum value, the maximum power coefficient increase for the turbines with two and four deformable blades are 7.51% and 8.07%, respectively. However, beyond the optimal tip speed ratio, the power improvement of the turbine using the deformable blades seems not significant and even slightly worse than the conventional turbines. The last section studied the transient behavior of vortex and turbulent flow structures around the deformable rotor blade to explore the physical mechanism of improving aerodynamic performance. The adaptive blades could obviously suppress the separation of flow from the blade surfaces.

DOI 10.1016/j.enconman.2015.11.003
Citations Scopus - 31
2016 Zhu B, Sai QY, Sun XJ, Wang Y, Huang DG, 'Numerical research of casing treatment to improve the hump characteristic of an axial flow fan', Kung Cheng Je Wu Li Hsueh Pao/Journal of Engineering Thermophysics, 37 1657-1662 (2016)

© 2016, Science Press. All right reserved. The hump characteristic often appears in the performance curve of an axial flow fan. The main purpose of this paper is to study the impa... [more]

© 2016, Science Press. All right reserved. The hump characteristic often appears in the performance curve of an axial flow fan. The main purpose of this paper is to study the impact on performance when considering the casing slot arrangement direction with respect to the rotation axis with a numerical method. The results shows that all the slot design schemes can improve the performance to a certain extent and broaden the stable operation range of the axial flow fan. The casing slot can move the best efficiency point to the direction of small flow rate. While during the large flow area, the total pressure rise and efficiency will slightly decrease. The slot scheme of inverse blade 45° to the axial direction obtains the optimal comprehensive performance within the full working conditions. The performance improvement for the leading arrangement of circumferential slots is almost the same with the whole layout. The main cause of performance improvement for an axial flow fan with proper casing treatment, may be that the high pressure fluid can flow smoothly around the blade tip from the pressure side to the suction side, and the low energy vortex will be swept away timely and moved downstream, which will effectively restrain the flow separation on the blade surfaces and flow blockage in the blade tunnels, and also reduce the vortex generation and the secondary flow loss.

2016 Wang Y, Sun X, Huang D, Zheng Z, 'Numerical investigation on energy extraction of flapping hydrofoils with different series foil shapes', Energy, 112 1153-1168 (2016)

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd As a new mode of energy extraction, flapping foils show broad application prospects. How to improve the energy extraction efficiency (¿) of wind or hydro energ... [more]

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd As a new mode of energy extraction, flapping foils show broad application prospects. How to improve the energy extraction efficiency (¿) of wind or hydro energy with flapping foils has become a focused issue for scientists in this field. This paper numerically investigated the energy extraction of flapping hydrofoil with different NACA 4 and NACA 6 series foil shapes. Firstly, compared with experimental results, the simulation results were validated. Secondly, by adopting different series of foil shapes, simulation was conducted for energy extraction of flapping foils which were moving harmonically in current: ¿ symmetric foils with different maximum thicknesses; ¿ symmetric foils with different maximum thickness positions; ¿non-symmetric foils with same maximum thickness, maximum thickness position and camber, but different maximum camber positions; ¿ non-symmetric foils with same maximum thickness, maximum thickness position and camber position, but different maximum cambers. It is found that for symmetric foils with different maximum thicknesses, ¿ basically increases first and then decreases with the increase of maximum thickness; for symmetric foils with different maximum thickness positions, ¿ first increases and then decreases when maximum thickness position moves from the leading edge to the trailing edge; for non-symmetric foils with same thickness, ¿ shows lower value with larger camber; compared with maximum camber position, the maximum thickness shows larger influence on ¿.

DOI 10.1016/j.energy.2016.06.092
Citations Scopus - 5
2016 Wang Y, Sun XJ, Zhu B, Zhang HJ, Huang DG, 'Effect of blade vortex interaction on performance of Darrieus-type cross flow marine current turbine', Renewable Energy, 86 316-323 (2016)

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. In this work, in-house computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code was utilized to simulate a cross-flow vertical-axis marine current turbine (straight-bladed Dar... [more]

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. In this work, in-house computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code was utilized to simulate a cross-flow vertical-axis marine current turbine (straight-bladed Darrieus type). Particular emphasis was placed on the influence of interaction between vortices and blades on hydrodynamic performance. A physical transient-rotor-stator model with a sliding mesh technique was used to capture changes in flow field at a particular time step. The Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model was adopted for the turbulence. For a Darrieus-type marine current turbine, hydrodynamic characteristics such as power coefficient and flow behavior were then numerically investigated. The results suggest that vortices shed from previous blade passages and the close encounter of a rotor blade with these vortices can cause a variation in performance for this type of turbine during operation at different tip speed ratios.

DOI 10.1016/j.renene.2015.07.089
Citations Scopus - 3
2015 Zhu B, Han W, Sun X, Wang Y, Cao Y, Wu G, et al., 'Research on energy extraction characteristics of an adaptive deformation oscillating-wing', Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 7 (2015)

© 2015 AIP Publishing LLC. Oscillating foil machines represent a type of flow energy harvesters which perform pitching and plunging motions simultaneously to harness the energy fr... [more]

© 2015 AIP Publishing LLC. Oscillating foil machines represent a type of flow energy harvesters which perform pitching and plunging motions simultaneously to harness the energy from incoming stream. In this paper, a new adaptive deformation oscillating wing was proposed and the theoretical performance of such a concept was studied here through unsteady two-dimensional simulations using an in-house developed computational fluid dynamics code. During operation, the proposed oscillating foil whose initial shape is symmetric can be deformed into a cambered foil, which aims to produce large lift force. Our numerical results suggest that the power efficiency of the proposed oscillating foil can be about 16.1% higher than the conventional oscillating foil without deformation. In addition, the effects of the maximum bending displacement and effective angle of attack on the efficiency of proposed oscillating foil were also discussed in this work.

DOI 10.1063/1.4913957
Citations Scopus - 6
2015 Wang Y, Sun XJ, Dai YJ, Wu GQ, Cao Y, Huang DG, 'Numerical investigation of drag reduction by heat-enhanced cavitation', Applied Thermal Engineering, 75 193-202 (2015)

© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This paper numerically investigated the possibility of creating supercavitation through an artificially induced increase in the surface t... [more]

© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This paper numerically investigated the possibility of creating supercavitation through an artificially induced increase in the surface temperature of the underwater vehicle. Firstly, in order to consider the influence of thermomechanical effect on the cavitation process, the Zwart-Gerber-Belamri (ZGB) cavitation model was modified. By comparing with the experimental results, the accuracy of the modified model was validated. Secondly, the modified cavitation model was used to simulate the cavitating flows over a hemisphere cylinder body whose surface was heated to different temperatures. With the aid of CFD software ANSYS CFX, the variation of the bubble volume fraction and skin friction drag of the hemisphere cylinder at different cavitation numbers and heating temperatures were obtained and analyzed. The results show that the generation and development of cavity can be promoted by using the heating method. In this way, the friction resistance on underwater vehicle surfaces can be reduced effectively. There exists an optimal heating temperature to make the cavitation bubbles fully developed and cover the whole outside surface of underwater vehicle. By this means, the friction resistance on underwater vehicle surfaces can be reduced effectively, and the speed of vehicle can increase accordingly.

DOI 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2014.09.042
Citations Scopus - 12
2014 C M, H L D, Wang Y, J M Z, Z X Z, 'Numerical simulation of fluid flow and combustion in a subcritical pulverized coal boiler', Wuhan Ligong Daxue Xuebao (Jiaotong Kexue Yu Gongcheng Ban)/Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (Transportation Science and Engineering), 34 66-70 (2014)
2014 Wang Y, Zhang HJ, Cao Y, Wu GQ, Huang DG, 'Aerodynamic and starting performance investigation of the spiral vertical axis wind', Kung Cheng Je Wu Li Hsueh Pao/Journal of Engineering Thermophysics, 35 1530-1533 (2014)

Vertical axis wind turbine has attracted much attention for the advantages such as the simple structure, without upwind device, simple motion, easy manfacture, low cost and so on.... [more]

Vertical axis wind turbine has attracted much attention for the advantages such as the simple structure, without upwind device, simple motion, easy manfacture, low cost and so on. Vertical axis wind turbine can be divided into Darrieus and Savonius. In general, the Darrieus VAWT have higher wind power efficiency compared to the Savonius VAWT. Otherwise, the Darrieus VAWT are not always self-starting. This paper studies the performance of the spiral VAWT using CFD. Numerical results suggest that the spiral VAWTs have good aerodynamic and starting performance.

Citations Scopus - 1
2014 Sun X, Wang Y, An Q, Cao Y, Wu G, Huang D, 'Aerodynamic performance and characteristic of vortex structures for Darrieus wind turbine. I. Numerical method and aerodynamic performance', Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 6 (2014)

A recently developed in-house computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code is used to simulate an H-Darrieus wind turbine. Aerodynamic performance of the simulated Darrieus turbine hav... [more]

A recently developed in-house computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code is used to simulate an H-Darrieus wind turbine. Aerodynamic performance of the simulated Darrieus turbine having different number of blades and turbine solidity is analyzed and compared for different tip speed ratios. As expected, the power coefficient of the simulated Darrieus turbine increases with the increase of tip speed ratio until a maximum is reached. However, the power coefficient then decreases with further increases in the tip speed ratio. The calculated power curve is in good agreement with experimental results. The results obtained suggest that this developed CFD code can accurately predict the aerodynamic characteristics of an H-Darrieus turbine. In addition, it is found that the solidity has considerable influence on the power coefficient of the simulated turbine in the present work. The smaller the solidity, the higher will be the optimal tip speed ratio and the wider will be the range of tip speed ratios at which the H-Darrieus turbine remains high power coefficient. If solidity is very low, the performance of a 2-bladed Darrieus turbine is obviously better than that of turbines with 3 and 4 blades. For moderate to high solidity, the power coefficients of the 2-bladed Darrieus wind turbine are similar to those of the 3-bladed turbine and are higher than those of the 4-bladed turbine. Moreover, the power coefficient increases with increasing solidity at low tip speed ratios. When the tip speed ratio is close to the optimum value, the power coefficient initially increases and then decreases with the increase of solidity. At high tip speed ratio, the power coefficient decreases with increasing solidity. An in-depth investigation is also conducted on the findings observed in this study and presented in Part 2 of this work, in which the mechanism of the effect of solidity on power coefficient has been explored based on the vortex structure of the flow field with the aid of this self-developed CFD code. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.

DOI 10.1063/1.4893775
Citations Scopus - 5
2014 Sun X, Wang Y, An Q, Cao Y, Wu G, Huang D, 'Aerodynamic performance and characteristic of vortex structures for Darrieus wind turbine. II. the relationship between vortex structure and aerodynamic performance', Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 6 (2014)

In this paper, transient computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of a straight-bladed Darrieus type vertical axis wind turbine were performed by means of an in-house CFD co... [more]

In this paper, transient computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of a straight-bladed Darrieus type vertical axis wind turbine were performed by means of an in-house CFD code. The Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model was implemented in the numerical code for the turbulence. Particular emphasis was placed on effect of interaction between vortices and blades on the aerodynamic performance of the simulated turbine at different tip speed and solidity ratios. The obtained results suggested that vortices were shed from previous blade passages and the close encounter of a rotor blade with these vortices can have a considerable impact on power coefficient of the simulated turbine during operation at different tip speed ratios. As a result, possible reasons for the changes in the behavior of this type of turbine due to the variation of tip speed ratio and solidity were proposed. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.

DOI 10.1063/1.4893776
Citations Scopus - 2
2008 X X, J M Z, Wang Y, X L C, J Y, 'Development on instrument for testing thermal conductivity of high thermal conductivity material', Journal of Thermal Science and Technology, 7 247-251 (2008)
2008 Wang Y, J M Z, X X, 'Study on the thermal physics property testing system by periodic heating method', Rare Metals Letters, 27 36-40 (2008)
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Conference (10 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Wang Y, X J S, B Z, D G H, 'Numerical simulation of Energy capacitation for Flapping Foils in tidal current energy', Xiamen, Fujian, China (2015)
2014 Wang Y, D G H, 'Numerical Investigation on Energy Extraction Characteristics for Different Series of Flapping Hydrofoils', Xian, Shanxi, China (2014)
2014 Wang Y, X J S, B Z, D G H, 'Effect of interaction between vortices and blades on performance of H-Darrieus vertical axis hydro turbine', Tianjing, China (2014)
2013 Chen B, Williams KC, Jones MG, Wang Y, 'Investigation of the effect of bypass configurations on energy consumption in pneumatic conveying of fly ash', Proceedings. ICBMH 2013 - 11th International Conference on Bulk Materials Storage, Handling and Transportation, Newcastle, Australia (2013) [E1]
Co-authors Mark Jones, Ken Williams
2012 Chen B, Williams KC, Jones MG, Wang Y, 'Experimental investigation of pressure drop of bypass pneumatic conveying of fly ash', Advanced Materials Research: Measurement and Control of Granular Materials, Shanghai, China (2012) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 1
Co-authors Mark Jones, Ken Williams
2012 Jones MG, Chen B, Williams KC, Cenna AA, Wang Y, 'High speed visualization of pneumatic conveying of materials in bypass system', Measurement and Control of Granular Materials, Shanghai, China (2012) [E1]
Co-authors Ken Williams, Mark Jones
2011 Chen B, Williams KC, Jones MG, Wang Y, 'Investigation of pressure and energy consumption in bypass pneumatic conveying systems', 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, 11AIChE, Minneapolis, MN (2011) [E3]
Co-authors Mark Jones, Ken Williams
2011 Wang Y, Williams KC, Jones MG, Chen B, 'Comparison of CFD modelling of a fly ash powder with different pneumatic conveying bypass pipeline configurations', Proceedings of the 14th International Freight Pipeline Society Symposium, Madrid, Spain (2011) [E2]
Co-authors Mark Jones, Ken Williams
2011 Chen B, Williams KC, Jones MG, Wang Y, 'Investigation of pressure and energy consumption in bypass pneumatic conveying systems', Particle Technology Forum - Core Programming Topic at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting (2011)

© (2011) by AIChE All rights reserved. Bypass pneumatic conveying systems provide the capacity of transporting some materials that are not naturally suited to dense phase flow in ... [more]

© (2011) by AIChE All rights reserved. Bypass pneumatic conveying systems provide the capacity of transporting some materials that are not naturally suited to dense phase flow in a low velocity, dense phase flow regime. Bypass pneumatic conveying systems also provide a passive capability to reduce minimum particulate transport velocities. Therefore, particle degradation and pipe line wear can be much reduced. In this paper, the operation of internal bypass system was investigated by both experiments and modelling. An entire bypass system was numerically modelled based on the mass conservation. An integrated version of the Ideal Gas Equation was applied to evaluate pressures at the central point of each node for air flow in the bypass pipe and the main pipe. The bypass pneumatic experimental system was built with a main pipe of 79mm in diameter and an internal bypass pipe with orifice plate flute arrangement. Fly ash and alumina were used in the tests. High speed video camera visualization and differential pressure transmitters were employed to investigate the operation of dense phase bypass pneumatic transport systems and the mechanism of material blockage inhibition provided by this system. The bypass system was found to consume more energy than conventional system when using the same air mass flow rate due to the increase of friction. The conveying velocity of alumina in bypass system was much lower than that of conventional pipelines, which resulted in much reduced specific energy consumption. In this system, particulate material blockages were inhibited in bypass systems due to the air penetration into the particulate volume, as was reflected in differential pressure transmitter measurement data and flow visualization.

Co-authors Ken Williams, Mark Jones
2010 Wang Y, Williams KC, Jones MG, Chen B, 'CFD simulation of gas-solid flow in dense phase bypass pneumatic conveying using the Euler-Euler model', Applied Mechanics and Materials (2010 International Conference on Advanced Mechanical Engineering, AME 2010), Luoyang, China (2010) [E1]
DOI 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.26-28.1190
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 2
Co-authors Ken Williams, Mark Jones
Show 7 more conferences
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 10
Total funding $1,147,000

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20171 grants / $48,000

Study on the Energy Absorbing Mechanisms of Large Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine with Blunt Trailing-edge and Laminar-flow Blades$48,000

Funding body: National Natural Science Foundation of China

Funding body National Natural Science Foundation of China
Project Team

Dahai Luo, Bing Zhu, Ying Wang, Longfeng Hou, Yanping Song, Penghui Yi, Xin Tan

Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2017
Funding Finish 2019
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N

20163 grants / $850,000

The Physical Mechanism of A New Class of Passive Flow Control Method$600,000

Funding body: National Natural Science Foundation of China

Funding body National Natural Science Foundation of China
Project Team

Yanhui Wu, Zhongquan Zhen, Yuandong Huang, Wuli Chu, Xiaojing Sun, Haoguang Zhang, Bing Zhu, Ying Wang, Antar

Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2016
Funding Finish 2020
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N

Research on Energy Harvesting Mechanism of Adaptive Deformation Flexible Flapping Foil$130,000

Funding body: National Natural Science Foundation of China

Funding body National Natural Science Foundation of China
Project Team

Bing Zhu, Yuandong Huang, Zhaochun Wu, Ying Wang, Antar M.M.H.abdala, Fifi N.M. Elwekeel, Yanping Song, Liachao Zhang, Yue Qian, Xiaofei Chen

Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2016
Funding Finish 2019
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N

Study on the Mechanism of Flow Separation and Suppression of Wind Turbine Blades with Self-oscillating Reed Film$120,000

Funding body: National Natural Science Foundation of China

Funding body National Natural Science Foundation of China
Project Team

Zhaochun Wu, Xiaojing Sun, Ying Wang, Bing Zhu

Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2016
Funding Finish 2019
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N

20152 grants / $56,000

Study on the Mechanism of Three Dimensional Unsteady Supercavitation Flow$50,000

Funding body: National Natural Science Foundation of China

Funding body National Natural Science Foundation of China
Project Team

Diangui Huang, Xiaojing Sun, Ying Wang

Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2017
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N

Simulation and Optimization Design of Temperature Rise Characteristics for Gas Cylinder$6,000

Funding body: Research fund from Jinan Deyang Special Gas Co. Ltd.

Funding body Research fund from Jinan Deyang Special Gas Co. Ltd.
Project Team

Ying Wang

Scheme Research Consultancy
Role Lead
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2016
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N

20142 grants / $63,000

Study on Aerodynamic Performance of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine with Adaptive Reconfigurable Airfoil$56,000

Funding body: National Natural Science Foundation of China

Funding body National Natural Science Foundation of China
Project Team

Ying Wang, Xiaojing Sun, Bing Zhu, Laichao Zhang, Yue Qian, Xiaofei Chen

Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2017
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N

Study on the Wind Energy Absorption Mechanism of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine with Deformable Blade$7,000

Funding body: Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry

Funding body Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry
Project Team

Ying Wang

Scheme Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2018
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N

20091 grants / $70,000

Research on New Method for Measuring Thermophysical Properties of Molten salt Phase Change Materials$70,000

Funding body: National Natural Science Foundation of China

Funding body National Natural Science Foundation of China
Project Team

Jiemin Zhou, Ying Yang, Yannan Liang, Ye Wu, Ying Wang

Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2009
Funding Finish 2011
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N

20081 grants / $60,000

Research on Adaptability of Various Coal for Hunan Yiyang Power Generation Co., Ltd.$60,000

Funding body: Research fund from Hunan Yiyang Power Generation Co., Ltd.

Funding body Research fund from Hunan Yiyang Power Generation Co., Ltd.
Project Team

Jieming Zhou, Aichun Ma, Fubing Tu, Ying Wang

Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2008
Funding Finish 2009
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N
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Research Supervision

Number of supervisions

Completed7
Current5

Current Supervision

Commenced Level of Study Research Title Program Supervisor Type
2018 Masters Fluid Mechanical Engineering (Research project is going to be determined) Engineering & Related Technolo, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology Sole Supervisor
2018 Masters Power Machinery Engineering (Research project is going to be determined) Engineering & Related Technolo, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology Sole Supervisor
2017 Masters Numerical Simulation of Fluid Solid Coupling for Vertical Axis Wind Turbine with Adaptive Blades Engineering & Related Technolo, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology Sole Supervisor
2017 Masters Numerical Simulation of Fluid Solid Coupling for Vertical Axis Wind Turbine with Adaptive Blades Engineering & Related Technolo, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology Sole Supervisor
2016 Masters Experimental Study of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine with Adaptive Blades Engineering & Related Technolo, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology Sole Supervisor

Past Supervision

Year Level of Study Research Title Program Supervisor Type
2018 Masters Investigation on Aerodynamic Performance of Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine by Setting Micro-cylinder in Front of the Blade Leading Edge Engineering & Related Technolo, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology Sole Supervisor
2018 Masters Numerical Investigation on Aerodynamic Performance of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine with Adaptive Blades Engineering & Related Technolo, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology Sole Supervisor
2017 Masters Study on the Aerodynamic Performance of Cycloidal Rotor with Asymmetric Airfoils Engineering & Related Technolo, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology Co-Supervisor
2017 Masters Study on the Aerodynamic Performance of Cycloidal Rotor with Asymmetric Airfoils Engineering & Related Technolo, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology Co-Supervisor
2017 Masters Study on the Aerodynamic Performance of Cycloidal Rotor with Asymmetric Airfoils Engineering & Related Technolo, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology Co-Supervisor
2016 Honours Study of the Influences of Vortex Caused by Micro-structure Installed in front of the Axial Fan Blade on Low-pressure Axial Fan Aerodynamic Performance Engineering & Related Technolo, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology Co-Supervisor
2016 Masters Numerical Simulation of the Leading Edge Vortex Based on Oscillating-airfoil Power Generator Engineering & Related Technolo, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology Co-Supervisor
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Research Collaborations

The map is a representation of a researchers co-authorship with collaborators across the globe. The map displays the number of publications against a country, where there is at least one co-author based in that country. Data is sourced from the University of Newcastle research publication management system (NURO) and may not fully represent the authors complete body of work.

Country Count of Publications
China 20
Australia 12
United States 7
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Associate Professor Ying Wang

Position

Conjoint Senior Lecturer
School of Engineering
Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment

Contact Details

Email ying.wang@newcastle.edu.au
Link Personal webpage
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