Dr Jennifer Baldwin

Dr Jennifer Baldwin

Research Assistant

School of Health Sciences

Career Summary

Biography

I am an early-career researcher with experience in clinical and observational studies in healthy ageing. I completed my PhD at the University of Sydney, for which I co-led a large observational study collecting normative reference data for neuromusculoskeletal outcome measures in 1000 healthy Australians (1000 Norms Project). Following a 2-year Postdoctoral Research Fellow position at the Auckland University of Technology Centre for Active Ageing I returned to Australia and settled in Newcastle with my family. I am currently employed as a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity & Nutrition. I have a clinical background in physiotherapy.


Qualifications

  • Doctor of Philosophy, University of Sydney
  • Bachelor of Applied Science, University of Sydney

Keywords

  • Healthy ageing
  • Musculoskeletal conditions
  • Outcome measures
  • Public health

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
110317 Physiotherapy 33
110322 Rheumatology and Arthritis 33
111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified 34

Professional Experience

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/4/2017 - 30/6/2019 Postdoctoral Research Fellow Auckland University of Technology
Clinical Sciences
New Zealand

Awards

Award

Year Award
2011 Highly Commended Award
Australian and New Zealand Burns Association
2009 University of Sydney Medal
University of Sydney
2009 Physiotherapy Research Foundation Prize
Australian Physiotherapy Association

Prize

Year Award
2020 Best Oral Presentation, Aging Interest Group, International Society for Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity
International Society for Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity

Scholarship

Year Award
2019 ANZMUSC Clinical Trials Network Travel Scholarship
Australia and New Zealand Musculoskeletal Clinical Trials Network
2013 University of Sydney Alumni Scholarship
The University of Sydney
2013 University of Sydney Alumni Scholarship
The University of Sydney
2013 Australian Postgraduate Award
Australian Government
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Journal article (28 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2020 Lebde N, Burns J, Mackey M, Baldwin J, McKay M, 'Normative reference values and physical factors associated with work ability: a cross-sectional observational study', OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 77 231-237 (2020)
DOI 10.1136/oemed-2019-106248
2020 Mudge AJ, Sangeux M, Wojciechowski EA, Louey MG, McKay MJ, Baldwin JN, et al., 'Can pedobarography predict the occurrence of heel rocker in children with lower limb spasticity?', Clinical Biomechanics, 71 208-213 (2020) [C1]

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Background: Pedobarography software calculates the centre-of-pressure trajectory in relation to the foot to quantify foot contact patterns. This study presents... [more]

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Background: Pedobarography software calculates the centre-of-pressure trajectory in relation to the foot to quantify foot contact patterns. This study presents two new pedobarography measures using the centre-of-pressure trajectory to assess heel rocker. Methods: To validate these pedobarography measures against 3D gait analysis, emed®-x and Vicon Nexus gait analysis data were captured from 25 children aged 8¿16 years (11 male) with unilateral (n = 18) and bilateral (n = 7) cerebral palsy or acquired brain injury. 3D gait analysis identified whether heel rocker was intact (n = 22 feet) or absent (n = 28 feet) based on centre-of-pressure at initial contact and the ankle kinematic curve between 0 and 2% of the gait cycle. Pedobarography measures calculated from the initial centre-of-pressure point were the distance to the heel (point of initial contact) and to the most posterior point of the trajectory (rollback), reported as a percentage of foot length. Findings: The median point of initial contact in limbs with an intact heel rocker was 9% (range 7¿12%) and median rollback was 0% (range 0¿0.2%), whereas the median point of initial contact in limbs with an absent heel rocker was 58% (range 8¿78%) and rollback was 18% (range 0¿40%). Point of initial contact is the more accurate method for predicting heel rocker, with a threshold of 14% of foot length identifying the correct heel rocker status in 94% of cases. Interpretation: Point of initial contact can assess heel rocker with high accuracy. Both point of initial contact and rollback provide sensitive information on foot strike pattern, enhancing the utility of pedobarography.

DOI 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.10.022
2020 Baldwin JN, Forder PM, Haslam RL, Hure AJ, Loxton DJ, Patterson AJ, Collins CE, 'Change in Diet Quality over 12 Years in the 1946-1951 Cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health', NUTRIENTS, 12 (2020) [C1]
DOI 10.3390/nu12010147
Co-authors Peta Forder, Clare Collins, Deborah Loxton, Amanda Patterson, Alexis Hure
2019 Cornett KMD, Wojciechowski E, Sman AD, Walker T, Menezes MP, Bray P, et al., 'Magnetic resonance imaging of the anterior compartment of the lower leg is a biomarker for weakness, disability, and impaired gait in childhood Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease', MUSCLE & NERVE, 59 213-217 (2019)
DOI 10.1002/mus.26352
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1
2019 O brien DW, Chapple CM, Baldwin JN, Larmer PJ, 'Time to bust common osteoarthritis myths', New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 47 18-24 (2019)

© 2019, Physiotherapy New Zealand. All rights reserved. Several common beliefs about osteoarthritis held by people living with the condition and some clinicians are discordant wit... [more]

© 2019, Physiotherapy New Zealand. All rights reserved. Several common beliefs about osteoarthritis held by people living with the condition and some clinicians are discordant with current evidence and can hinder effective management. Therefore, providing information about the disease and its mechanisms could lead to better management of people with osteoarthritis. This paper addresses the seven most common myths surrounding osteoarthritis relating to its causative factors, pathology, assessment and management. We present the evidence to refute these misconceptions and argue that physiotherapists are in an ideal position to provide education to people with osteoarthritis. Ultimately, physiotherapists can play a central role in the provision of care for people with osteoarthritis.

DOI 10.15619/NZJP/47.1.03
2019 Larmer PJ, Bennett K, Baldwin JN, Bassett S, O Brien DW, 'Quality indicators for hip and knee osteoarthritis management in New Zealand: A patient survey', New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 47 183-192 (2019) [C1]

© 2019, Physiotherapy New Zealand. All rights reserved. Osteoarthritis is a prevalent and costly condition. Knowledge of the quality of care being offered to people with hip and k... [more]

© 2019, Physiotherapy New Zealand. All rights reserved. Osteoarthritis is a prevalent and costly condition. Knowledge of the quality of care being offered to people with hip and knee osteoarthritis in New Zealand is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of care being offered to people with hip and knee osteoarthritis in New Zealand, and to investigate common pathways of care. The OsteoArthritis Quality Indicator (osteoarthritis) questionnaire was administered to adults with hip and/or knee osteoarthritis, and participants were also asked to list the healthcare professionals they had consulted. Descriptive statistics with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. The study included 106 participants (87% female, n=92; 94% European, n=100). The mean OsteoArthritis Quality Indicator achievement rate was 50.2% (95% confidence intervals 41.0¿59.7%). OsteoArthritis Quality Indicator achievement rates were lowest for weight reduction referral (8.6%; 3.7¿17.8%) and daily activity aids assessment (18.5%; 10.2¿31.0%), and highest for physical activity education (80.8%; 72.1¿87.3%) and offering of paracetamol (80.0%; 71.3¿ 86.6%). Following consultation with a general practitioner, 22% (n=24) consulted orthopaedic surgeons while 15% (n=17) consulted physiotherapists. The results suggest that implementation of evidence-informed conservative treatments for osteoarthritis in primary care is suboptimal, although evidence from a larger representative sample is needed.

DOI 10.15619/NZJP/47.3.06
2019 McGruer N, Baldwin JN, Ruakere BT, Lamer PJ, 'Maori lived experience of osteoarthritis: a qualitative study guided by Kaupapa Maori principles', JOURNAL OF PRIMARY HEALTH CARE, 11 128-137 (2019)
DOI 10.1071/HC18079
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
2019 Pate JW, Hancock MJ, Tofts L, Epps A, Baldwin JN, Mckay MJ, et al., 'Longitudinal Fibular Deficiency: A Cross-Sectional Study Comparing Lower Limb Function of Children and Young People with That of Unaffected Peers', CHILDREN-BASEL, 6 (2019)
DOI 10.3390/children6030045
2019 Baldwin JN, Garrett N, Larmer PJ, Murray C, Evans R, Buchan R, Neville S, 'Primary care doctor and nurse utilisation rates for billed consultations across the Comprehensive Care Primary Health Organisation', New Zealand Medical Journal, 132 79-89 (2019)
2018 Baldwin JN, Napier S, Neville S, Wright-St Clair VA, 'Impacts of older people's patient and public involvement in health and social care research: a systematic review', AGE AND AGEING, 47 801-809 (2018)
DOI 10.1093/ageing/afy092
Citations Scopus - 3
2018 Palad YY, Leaver AM, McKay MJ, Baldwin JN, Lunar FRM, Caube FDM, et al., 'Knee thrust prevalence and normative hip-knee-ankle angle deviation values among healthy individuals across the lifespan', OSTEOARTHRITIS AND CARTILAGE, 26 1326-1332 (2018)
DOI 10.1016/j.joca.2018.06.009
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
2018 Baldwin JN, McKay MJ, Burns J, Hiller CE, Nightingale EJ, Moloney N, 'What are the similarities and differences between healthy people with and without pain?', SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PAIN, 18 39-47 (2018)
DOI 10.1515/sjpain-2017-0156
2017 Baldwin JN, McKay MJ, Hiller CE, Nightingale EJ, Moloney N, Burns J, 'Correlates of Perceived Ankle Instability in Healthy Individuals Aged 8 to 101 Years', ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 98 72-79 (2017)
DOI 10.1016/j.apmr.2016.08.474
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Fiona Hawke
2017 McKay MJ, Baldwin JN, Ferreira P, Simic M, Vanicek N, Burns J, 'Normative reference values for strength and flexibility of 1,000 children and adults', NEUROLOGY, 88 36-43 (2017)
DOI 10.1212/WNL.0000000000003466
Citations Scopus - 35Web of Science - 34
2017 McKay MJ, Baldwin JN, Ferreira P, Simic M, Vanicek N, Burns J, 'Reference values for developing responsive functional outcome measures across the lifespan', NEUROLOGY, 88 1512-1519 (2017)
DOI 10.1212/WNL.0000000000003847
Citations Scopus - 21Web of Science - 22
2017 Baldwin J, Briggs A, Bagg W, Larmer P, 'An osteoarthritis model of care should be a national priority for New Zealand', NEW ZEALAND MEDICAL JOURNAL, 130 78-86 (2017)
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 4
2017 Davis PR, McKay MJ, Baldwin JN, Burns J, Pareyson D, Rose KJ, 'REPEATABILITY, CONSISTENCY, AND ACCURACY OF HAND-HELD DYNAMOMETRY WITH AND WITHOUT FIXATION FOR MEASURING ANKLE PLANTARFLEXION STRENGTH IN HEALTHY ADOLESCENTS AND ADULTS', MUSCLE & NERVE, 56 896-900 (2017)
DOI 10.1002/mus.25576
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2
2017 McKay MJ, Baldwin JN, Ferreira P, Simic M, Vanicek N, Wojciechowski E, et al., 'Spatiotemporal and plantar pressure patterns of 1000 healthy individuals aged 3-101 years', GAIT & POSTURE, 58 78-87 (2017)
DOI 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.07.004
Citations Scopus - 26Web of Science - 22
2017 Baldwin JN, McKay MJ, Simic M, Hiller CE, Moloney N, Nightingale EJ, Burns J, 'Self-reported knee pain and disability among healthy individuals: reference data and factors associated with the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and KOOS-Child', OSTEOARTHRITIS AND CARTILAGE, 25 1282-1290 (2017)
DOI 10.1016/j.joca.2017.03.007
Citations Scopus - 16Web of Science - 14
2017 Singh H, McKay M, Baldwin J, Nicholson L, Chan C, Burns J, Hiller CE, 'Beighton scores and cut-offs across the lifespan: cross-sectional study of an Australian population', RHEUMATOLOGY, 56 1857-1864 (2017)
DOI 10.1093/rheumatology/kex043
Citations Scopus - 15Web of Science - 12
2017 Baldwin JN, McKay MJ, Moloney N, Hiller CE, Nightingale EJ, Burns J, 'Reference values and factors associated with musculoskeletal symptoms in healthy adolescents and adults', MUSCULOSKELETAL SCIENCE AND PRACTICE, 29 99-107 (2017)
DOI 10.1016/j.msksp.2017.03.010
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 4
2017 Baldwin JN, McKay MJ, Hiller CE, Moloney N, Nightingale EJ, Burns J, 'Relationship between physical performance and self-reported function in healthy individuals across the lifespan', MUSCULOSKELETAL SCIENCE AND PRACTICE, 30 10-17 (2017)
DOI 10.1016/j.msksp.2017.05.001
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 5
2017 Burns J, Sman AD, Cornett KMD, Wojciechowski E, Walker T, Menezes MP, et al., 'Safety and efficacy of progressive resistance exercise for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease in children: a randomised, double-blind, sham-controlled trial', The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health, 1 106-113 (2017)

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Background Exercise is potentially therapeutic for neuromuscular disorders, but a risk of harm exists due to overwork weakness. We aimed to assess the safety a... [more]

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Background Exercise is potentially therapeutic for neuromuscular disorders, but a risk of harm exists due to overwork weakness. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of progressive resistance exercise for foot dorsiflexion weakness in children with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Methods We did this randomised, double-blind, sham-controlled trial across the Sydney Children's Hospitals Network (NSW, Australia). Children aged 6¿17 years with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease were eligible if they had foot dorsiflexion weakness (negative Z score based on age-matched and sex-matched normative reference values). We randomly allocated (1:1) children, with random block sizes of 4, 6, and 8 and stratification by age, to receive 6 months (three times per week on non-consecutive days; 72 sessions in total) of progressive resistance training (from 50% to 70% of the most recent one repetition maximum) or sham training (negligible non-progressed intensity), using an adjustable exercise cuff to exercise the dorsiflexors of each foot. The primary efficacy outcome was the between-group difference in dorsiflexion strength assessed by hand-held dynamometry (expressed as a Z score) from baseline to months 6, 12, and 24. The primary safety outcome was the between-group difference in muscle and intramuscular fat volume of the anterior compartment of the lower leg assessed by MRI (expressed as a scaled volume) from baseline to 6 months and 24 months. Participants, parents, outcome evaluators, and investigators other than the treatment team were masked to treatment assignment. Analysis was by intention to treat. The trial is registered with the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, number ACTRN12613000552785. Findings From Sept 2, 2013, to Dec 11, 2014, we randomly assigned 60 children to receive progressive resistance exercise (n=30) or sham training (n=30), and 55 (92%) children completed the trial. ANCOVA-adjusted Z score differences in dorsiflexion strength between groups were 0 (95% CI -0·37 to 0·42; p=0·91) at 6 months, 0·3 (-0·23 to 0·81; p=0·27) at 12 months, and 0·6 (95% CI 0·03 to 1·12; p=0·041) at 24 months. Scaled muscle and fat volume was comparable between groups at 6 months (ANCOVA-adjusted muscle volume difference 0, 95% CI -0·03 to 0·10, p=0·24; and fat volume difference 0, 95% CI -0·01 to 0·05, p=0·25) and 24 months (0, -0·08 to 0·12, p=0·67; and 0, -0·05 to 0·03, p=0·58). No serious adverse events were reported. Interpretation 6 months of targeted progressive resistance exercise attenuated long-term progression of dorsiflexion weakness without detrimental effect on muscle morphology or other signs of overwork weakness in paediatric patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Funding Muscular Dystrophy Association and Australian National Health and Medical Research Council.

DOI 10.1016/S2352-4642(17)30013-5
Citations Scopus - 13
2016 McKay MJ, Baldwin JN, Ferreira P, Simic M, Vanicek N, Hiller CE, et al., '1000 Norms Project: protocol of a cross-sectional study cataloging human variation', PHYSIOTHERAPY, 102 50-56 (2016)
DOI 10.1016/j.physio.2014.12.002
Citations Scopus - 21Web of Science - 23
2015 Baldwin JN, Mckay MJ, Hiller CE, Nightingale EJ, Moloney N, Vanicek N, et al., 'Defining health and disease: setting the boundaries for physiotherapy. Are we undertreating or overtreating? How can we tell?', BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 49 (2015)
DOI 10.1136/bjsports-2014-094488
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
2015 Baldwin JN, Mckay MJ, Hiller CE, Nightingale EJ, Moloney N, Vanicek N, et al., 'Forming norms: informing diagnosis and management in sports medicine', BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 49 (2015)
DOI 10.1136/bjsports-2014-094489
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
2013 Baldwin J, Li F, 'Exercise behaviors after burn injury', Journal of Burn Care and Research, 34 529-536 (2013)

The purpose of this study was to investigate exercise behaviors in adult burn survivors and to identify barriers to exercise in this population. A two-page questionnaire developed... [more]

The purpose of this study was to investigate exercise behaviors in adult burn survivors and to identify barriers to exercise in this population. A two-page questionnaire developed by the authors was administered on a single occasion to adults attending the ambulatory burns clinic at a metropolitan hospital. Data from 68 adult burn survivors were analyzed. Within this cohort, 59% of subjects reported exercising several times per week or more and the remaining 41% exercised once per week or less. There was no correlation among exercise frequency and age, TBSA, or hospital length of stay. Walking was the most common type of exercise, and subjects reported lower compliance with stretching and strengthening exercises. Physical condition and motivation were identified as the main barriers to exercise. Although this preliminary study reveals that a higher proportion of burn survivors engage in exercise compared with their healthy counterparts, a substantial number are exercising just once per week or less, below the recommended guidelines to improve physical fitness. Physical and occupational therapists play an important role in providing exercise prescription and education, as well as addressing barriers to exercise in burn survivors. The potential for further research into physical activity across all domains of life using a validated questionnaire is identified. © 2012 by the American Burn Association.

DOI 10.1097/BCR.0b013e31827a2bcd
Citations Scopus - 5
2013 Baldwin J, Li F, 'Exercise behaviors and barriers to exercise in adult burn survivors: A questionnaire survey.', Burns Trauma, 1 134-139 (2013)
DOI 10.4103/2321-3868.123075
Show 25 more journal articles

Conference (3 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2018 McKay M, Baldwin J, Simic M, Ferreira P, Vanicek N, Burns J, 'Normative reference data for functional outcome measures in peripheral neuropathy trials across the lifespan', JOURNAL OF THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, Baltimore, MD (2018)
2016 Chen J, Mckay M, Baldwin J, Burns J, Simic M, 'REFERENCE VALUES FOR MINI SINGLE-LEG SQUAT ACROSS THE LIFESPAN: DATA FROM 1000 NORMS PROJECT', OSTEOARTHRITIS AND CARTILAGE, Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS (2016)
DOI 10.1016/j.joca.2016.01.218
2015 Baldwin JN, Mckay M, Hiller C, Nightingale EJ, Moloney N, Burns J, '1000 Norms Project: health-related quality of life across the lifespan', QUALITY OF LIFE RESEARCH (2015)
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 3
Total funding $35,800

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20191 grants / $24,200

Co-designing a New Zealand Osteoarthritis Guidebook.$24,200

Funding body: Auckland University of Technology

Funding body Auckland University of Technology
Project Team

O'Brien D, Reay S, Quicke JG, Ellis R, Baldwin JN, Larmer PJ

Scheme .
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2019
Funding Finish 2020
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

20181 grants / $5,800

Exploring the lived experience of Maori men with osteoarthritis: a qualitative study guided by Kaupapa Maori principles. $5,800

Funding body: Auckland University of Technology

Funding body Auckland University of Technology
Project Team

Baldwin JN, O'Brien D, Ruakere T, Larmer PJ

Scheme AUT Centre for Person Centred Research Summer Scholarship
Role Lead
Funding Start 2018
Funding Finish 2019
GNo
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON N

20171 grants / $5,800

Māori lived experiences of osteoarthritis: A Kaupapa Māori qualitative study. $5,800

Funding body: Arthritis New Zealand

Funding body Arthritis New Zealand
Project Team

Baldwin JN, Ruakere T, Larmer PJ.

Scheme Summer Scholarship
Role Lead
Funding Start 2017
Funding Finish 2018
GNo
Type Of Funding External
Category EXTE
UON N
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Research Projects

1000 Norms Project 2013 -

1000 Norms Project: A clinical catalogue of human variation

The 1000 Norms Project is an ongoing research program dedicated to improving our knowledge of normal physical function across the lifespan.

https://www.sydney.edu.au/medicine-health/our-research/research-centres/1000-norms-project.html



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Dr Jennifer Baldwin

Position

Research Assistant
School of Health Sciences
Faculty of Health and Medicine

Contact Details

Email jennifer.baldwin@newcastle.edu.au
Links Research Networks
Twitter

Office

Room .
Location Callaghan
University Drive
Callaghan, NSW 2308
Australia
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