Ms Alycia Jacob

Ms Alycia Jacob

Research Assistant

School of Nursing and Midwifery

Career Summary

Biography

Alycia is a research assistant for the Joint Chair of Evidence Based Nursing working with the Mid North Coast Health District in Port Macquarie. Alycia has a background in public health and a strong research interest in rural healthcare and the responses of the healthcare workforce to incidences of patient aggression.

Qualifications

  • Bachelor of Arts (Honours), University of Western Australia

Keywords

  • Healthcare Systems
  • Rural Health
  • Violence Against Healthcare Staff

Professional Experience

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/4/2016 - 28/2/2019 Research Assistant Edith Cowan University, Western Australia
Australia
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Journal article (12 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2021 Jacob E, Jacob A, Davies H, Jacob D, Jenkins M, Husain M, Coventry L, 'The impact of blood sampling technique, including the use of peripheral intravenous cannula, on haemolysis rates: A cohort study', Journal of Clinical Nursing, (2021)

Aims: To explore the relationship between blood sampling techniques and haemolysis. Background: Haemolysis rates of blood samples have been thought to be influenced by the method ... [more]

Aims: To explore the relationship between blood sampling techniques and haemolysis. Background: Haemolysis rates of blood samples have been thought to be influenced by the method of collection. There is a lack of research evidence available to clearly show the comparative risk of haemolysis across different blood sampling methods, including venepuncture and use of peripheral intravenous cannulas. Design: A prospective cohort study. Reporting followed the STROBE checklist. Methods: A trained observer was used to record blood sampling techniques over a 10-week period between April and June 2019. These records were then linked to pathology haemolysis results. Multivariable logistic regression was used to model patient and blood draw characteristics affecting haemolysis. Results: Most of the blood samples were not haemolysed (n¿=¿324, 87.1%). Multivariable analysis showed haemolysis was associated with increased tourniquet duration and if the level of tube was less than half full. Univariable analysis showed haemolysis was associated with increased age of the patient, the difficulty of cannulation/ venepuncture and increased number of attempts. No difference was found in the haemolysis rate related to the qualification of the blood collector. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in haemolysis rates associated with sampling blood from a PIVC compared with venepuncture. Research should be undertaken to determine whether education on the factors influencing haemolysis is useful in decreasing haemolysis rates. Relevance to clinical practice: There was no association with increased haemolysis rates when drawing blood via venepuncture compared with a peripheral intravenous cannula. Haemolysis of blood samples was associated with increased tourniquet duration, if level of the tube was less than half-filled, increased age of the patient and difficulty of blood draw. Awareness of the risk of haemolysis associated with specific blood sampling methods may assist clinicians to improve care.

DOI 10.1111/jocn.15744
2021 Vafeas C, Jacob E, Jacob A, 'Measuring attitudes of those caring for people living with dementia: A quantitative survey', Contemporary Nurse, (2021)

Background: The prevalence of dementia is increasing with more healthcare workers being required to care for people living with this progressive neurological disorder. The knowled... [more]

Background: The prevalence of dementia is increasing with more healthcare workers being required to care for people living with this progressive neurological disorder. The knowledge level and attitude of healthcare workers caring for those living with dementia need to be assessed and resources targeted effectively to ensure best quality care is provided. Healthcare workers for the purpose of this paper include anyone employed to care for those living with dementia. Aim: To investigate the attitudes of healthcare workers towards people living with dementia. Methods: A survey of 110 healthcare workers was undertaken between October 2016 and December 2017, using the Dementia Attitude Scale to measure attitudes towards people living with dementia. Demographic data were collected by a survey to explore whether a person¿s age; cultural background; qualification level; or experience level had an impact on their attitude towards people living with dementia. Results: The full survey was completed by n = 85 healthcare workers with the majority having strongly positive views about people living with dementia, with an average score of 88.31/100. However, a large number reported being afraid of people living with dementia (n = 76, 89.4%) and would avoid people with dementia who were agitated (n = 51, 61.4%). While 100% (n = 85) agreed or strongly agreed that it was possible to enjoy interacting with people living with dementia, they were more ambivalent with n = 26 (31.6%) strongly agreeing with the statement that working with people living with dementia is rewarding. A significant difference in attitude was found using one-way analysis of variance within groups due to age (p <.000) and cultural background (p <.035). Conclusions: Healthcare workers within this study had mainly positive attitudes towards people with dementia as demonstrated by the high attitude scores. However, this paper has shown that healthcare workers may require further education to improve attitude and care towards those living with dementia.

DOI 10.1080/10376178.2021.1894958
2021 Jacob ER, Jacob AM, Davies HT, Stoneman LJ, Coventry L, 'Peripheral intravenous cannulas for blood drawing: Nurses' views through content analysis', Collegian, (2021)

Background: Peripheral intravenous cannulas are commonly used for blood sampling. Conflicting evidence on the safety and reliability of blood sampling from peripheral intravenous ... [more]

Background: Peripheral intravenous cannulas are commonly used for blood sampling. Conflicting evidence on the safety and reliability of blood sampling from peripheral intravenous cannulas provides little support to guide practice of clinicians. Aim: To elicit views of nurses working in acute care of their opinions on the safety and efficacy of obtaining blood samples from peripheral intravenous cannulas. Methods: A cross-sectional electronic survey was utilised. Participants included nurses working in Australian acute care services nationally. The STROBE checklist was followed. The survey was distributed by two professional nursing bodies to their members between September and December 2017. Content analysis was used to analyse open-ended responses. Findings: Of the 338 participants who completed the survey, 269 provided comments. Themes supporting the use of peripheral intravenous cannulas for blood sampling included ¿efficiency¿, ¿patient care¿, ¿last resort¿, and ¿other¿. Reasons for not using a peripheral intravenous cannula for sampling provided themes of ¿PIVC use¿, ¿dwell time¿, ¿test type required¿, ¿patency/insertion site care¿, ¿preference¿, and ¿other¿. Discussion: The choice regarding method of blood sampling is left to the discretion of individual practitioners. Diverse rationales were provided by respondents to support their practice in sampling blood. This may be influenced by variations in hospital policies and conflicting research evidence to support or refute the practice. Conclusion: Blood sampling from peripheral intravenous cannulas or venepuncture is practiced differently between nurses based on multiple rationales. Research is needed to provide evidence for safe practice and support hospital policies.

DOI 10.1016/j.colegn.2020.12.002
2021 Kinsman L, Radford J, Elmer S, Ogden K, Randles S, Jacob A, et al., 'Engaging "hard-to-reach" men in health promotion using the OPHELIA principles: Participants' perspectives.', Health Promot J Austr, 32 Suppl 1 33-40 (2021)
DOI 10.1002/hpja.403
Co-authors Leigh Kinsman
2020 Jacob A, Coventry L, Davies H, Jacob E, 'Are current clinical guidelines on the use of Peripheral Intravenous Cannula for blood draws supported by evidence? An organizational case study', Nursing Open, 7 1746-1754 (2020)

Aim: To examine the quality of evidence used to inform health policies. Policies on peripheral intravenous cannulas were used as exemplars. Design: An organizational case study de... [more]

Aim: To examine the quality of evidence used to inform health policies. Policies on peripheral intravenous cannulas were used as exemplars. Design: An organizational case study design was used, using the STROBE reporting guidelines. Methods: Policy guidelines were sourced between June and September 2018 from health departments in Australia. Seven documents were compared regarding intravenous cannula dwell times and blood collection use. Evidence used in the documents was critiqued using assessment guideline from the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine. Results: Large variations exist between policies regarding blood sampling and dwell time. Evidence used a variety of sources. Few references received an A evidence rating and policies differed in their interpretation of evidence.

DOI 10.1002/nop2.559
Citations Scopus - 2
2020 Lower T, Kinsman L, Dinh MM, Lyle D, Cheney R, Allan J, et al., 'Patterns of emergency department use in rural and metropolitan New South Wales from 2012 to 2018', Australian Journal of Rural Health, 28 490-499 (2020) [C1]
DOI 10.1111/ajr.12668
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
Co-authors John Wiggers, Leigh Kinsman
2020 Davies H, Coventry LL, Jacob A, Stoneman L, Jacob E, 'Blood sampling through peripheral intravenous cannulas: A look at current practice in Australia', Collegian, 27 219-225 (2020) [C1]

Background: Sampling blood from a peripheral intravenous cannula offers an alternative to venepuncture. This practice can reduce frequency of venepuncture and patient discomfort. ... [more]

Background: Sampling blood from a peripheral intravenous cannula offers an alternative to venepuncture. This practice can reduce frequency of venepuncture and patient discomfort. Opponents argue the practice increases the chance of haemolysis, risk of infection and device failure. Aim: To describe the prevalence and practice of blood sampling from peripheral intravenous cannulas by Australian nurses. Methods: This study used a descriptive cross-sectional design and data were collected using an electronic survey. The survey examined Australian nurses¿ practice of sampling blood from peripheral intravenous cannulas. Quantitative descriptive data was analysed and presented as frequencies, percentages, medians and ranges. Findings: A total of 542 nurses participated in the survey. Of these, 338 (62.4%) completed the survey. The majority of responses came from the State of Victoria (n = 137, 40.5%) and one-third were emergency nurses (n = 112, 33.1%). Sampling of blood from peripheral intravenous cannulas occurred between 37.5% and 66.7% throughout the State and Territories of Australia. Peripheral intravenous cannula blood sampling was most common in the emergency department (n = 93, 53.4%). The most frequent reasons given were difficulty of access (n = 223, 66.0%) followed by patient comfort (n = 194, 57.4%). Discussion: Blood sampling is required to diagnose and monitor treatment responses. A peripheral intravenous cannula offers the opportunity to sample blood without the need for venepuncture. Practice recommendations on when to sample blood and correct sampling technique are based on limited or conflicting evidence. Conclusion: Findings from this study indicate it is common practice to draw blood samples from a peripheral intravenous cannula. Further research is required to examine the accuracy and safety of this practice to further inform policy.

DOI 10.1016/j.colegn.2019.07.010
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 1
2020 Vafeas C, Jacob E, Jacob A, 'A younger onset dementia toolkit: Innovative practice', Dementia, 19 1299-1307 (2020)

A diagnosis of younger onset dementia requires specific care tailored to the individual and the family. Dementia care workers often do not have the skills and experience necessary... [more]

A diagnosis of younger onset dementia requires specific care tailored to the individual and the family. Dementia care workers often do not have the skills and experience necessary to offer this care within the residential and community environment. This article reports the development of an interactive resource to educate those employed to care for people living with younger onset dementia. Prescription for Life, a talking e-Flipbook was developed and piloted in two states of Australia. Feedback from the pilots was incorporated in the resource prior to a national rollout. The project was supported by an expert panel, including experts from national aged care providers.

DOI 10.1177/1471301217738402
Citations Web of Science - 1
2019 Coventry LL, Jacob AM, Davies HT, Stoneman L, Keogh S, Jacob ER, 'Drawing blood from peripheral intravenous cannula compared with venepuncture: A systematic review and meta-analysis', JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING, 75 2313-2339 (2019)
DOI 10.1111/jan.14078
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 3
2019 Jacob ER, Duffield C, Jacob AM, 'Validation of data using RASCH analysis in a tool measuring changes in critical thinking in nursing students', NURSE EDUCATION TODAY, 76 196-199 (2019)
DOI 10.1016/j.nedt.2019.02.012
Citations Scopus - 2
2016 Jacob E, Raymond A, Jones J, Jacob A, Drysdale M, Isaacs AN, 'Exploration of nursing degree students' content expectations of a dedicated Indigenous health unit', COLLEGIAN, 23 313-319 (2016)
DOI 10.1016/j.colegn.2015.06.001
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1
Jacob A, Vafeas C, Stoneman L, Jacob E, 'Rural dialysis nurses experiences with challenging patients: a thematic qualitative analysis', Renal Society of Australasia Journal, 16 13-19
DOI 10.33235/rsaj.16.1.13-19
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 2
Total funding $38,000

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20202 grants / $38,000

Health Literacy Initiative – Priority Population Engagement Coordinators$28,000

Funding body: Mental Health Commission

Funding body Mental Health Commission
Project Team Professor Leigh Kinsman, Associate Professor Graeme Browne, Ms Alycia Jacob
Scheme Request for Tender
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2020
Funding Finish 2021
GNo G2000582
Type Of Funding C2220 - Aust StateTerritoryLocal - Other
Category 2220
UON Y

Investigating the health effects of bushfire smoke exposure, specifically on people with asthma, including pregnant women with asthma, and their children$10,000

Funding body: Hunter Medical Research Institute

Funding body Hunter Medical Research Institute
Project Team Conjoint Professor Peter Gibson, Doctor Vanessa Murphy, Professor Vanessa McDonald, Doctor Adam Collison, Conjoint Associate Professor Anne Vertigan, Doctor Megan Jensen, Doctor Dennis Thomas, Associate Professor Jay Horvat, Professor Maralyn Foureur, Professor Leigh Kinsman, Associate Professor Liz Holliday, Doctor Erin Harvey, Ms Alycia Jacob, Professor Joerg Mattes, Graeme Zosky, Wilfried Karmaus, Michele Goldman, Dr Craig Dalton
Scheme Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2020
Funding Finish 2020
GNo G2000414
Type Of Funding C3120 - Aust Philanthropy
Category 3120
UON Y
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Ms Alycia Jacob

Position

Research Assistant
School of Nursing and Midwifery
College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing

Contact Details

Email alycia.jacob@newcastle.edu.au
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