Blackboard and copyright
Copyright in Blackboard
Copyright exists at a work or object level and there are different responsibilities attached depending on the type of work. The following is a brief summary of copyright requirements as they relate to Blackboard.
Only one chapter or 10% of a book may be posted online. The University must also provide a central register of this material. To manage this process it is a requirement that all material copied from books is processed via Course Readings.
- Articles copied from hard copy print journals
Under S113P of the copyright act you may copy an entire article. No more than one item from a single issue of a journal may be copied or posted online, unless the articles are on the same subject matter.
It is a requirement that the S113P Copyright Warning notice be included "on or with" the articles copied under S113P.
The Course Readings Team will manage this process for you. Contact them if you wish to make journal articles available in BlackBoard.
- Articles copied from University subscribed databases
Different licence conditions apply for different databases. Some databases allow you to scan articles and post them online and others do not. Some will only allow scanned items to be posted online if they are available in a central area such as Course Readings.
The Course Readings Team will provide advice on this and manage the process for you. Contact them if you wish to make items from databases available in Blackboard.
Alternatively, you may be able to link directly to the journal article within the database. The Course Readings team can assist you to create durable or permanent hyperlinks.
Articles copied from an online journal (not in a University subscribed database) Copies may be made from journals published on the Internet under S113P of the Copyright Act. The requirements are the same as for hard copy print journals.
Artwork(includes maps, diagrams, charts, drawings, paintings, cartoons, prints, engravings, photographs, illustrations)
- The whole of an artistic work may be copied from a hard copy original if it illustrates or accompanies the text or music you are copying, or if it can't be separately purchased at reasonable cost in a reasonable time.
- The whole of an artistic work may be copied from a digital original, if it can't be purchase at reasonable cost in a reasonable time.
- It is a requirement that the S113P Copyright Warning notice be included "on or with" all artwork.
Music (not including scores)
- Musical broadcasts recorded off air may be posted online. It is a requirement that the S113P Copyright Warning notice be included "on or with" all music recorded off air. Copies must also be labeled 'Made for the University of Newcastle's educational purposes under S113P Copyright Act 1968. Date broadcast … Date this copy made …'
- Material copied from the internet may not be posted online.
- Some commercial music may be posted online under the University's Tertiary Music Licence, however it may only be streamed and may not be made available to download. Music posted online must be registered with the Copyright Officer.
- Off air broadcasts may be posted online in Blackboard. It is a requirement that the S113P Copyright Warning notice be included "on or with" all films recorded off air. Copies must also be labeled 'Made for the University of Newcastle's educational purposes under S113P of the Copyright Act 1968. Date broadcast … Date this copy made …'.
- Commercial material may not be used without permission in writing from all copyright owners.
Copying with permission:
You may copy and communicate more than the amounts specified under the various licences if:
- Copyright belongs to the University of Newcastle
- You have received permission in writing from the copyright owner/s to copy and/or communicate the work for teaching purposes. A copy of this permission must be lodged with the Records Management Office.
Lecture Capture (e.g Echo360 and Panopto)
Echo360 and Panopto record and communicate material from a variety of sources. Some activities permitted in a lecture or tutorial become breaches of copyright if material is recorded or communicated. Other activities may be permitted, but in a restricted form, or require the use of specific warning notices.
Lecture capture should be paused unless you are certain material may be recorded. Please see the quick guide to using copyright material in Lecture capture or contact the copyright advisor for more information.