Blackboard and copyright

Copyright exists at a work or object level and there are different responsibilities attached depending on the type of work. The following is a brief summary of copyright requirements as they relate to Blackboard.


Only one chapter or 10% of a book may be posted online. The University must also provide a central register of this material. To manage this process it is a requirement that all material copied from books is processed via Course Readings.

Journal articles

  • Articles copied from hard copy print journals
    Under S113P of the Copyright Act you may copy an entire article. No more than one item from a single issue of a journal may be copied or posted online, unless the articles are on the same subject matter.
    It is a requirement that the S113P Copyright Warning notice be included "on or with" the articles copied under S113P.

    The Course Readings Team will manage this process for you. Contact them if you wish to make journal articles available in BlackBoard.

  • Articles copied from online journals and databases
    Different licence conditions apply for different databases. Some journals and databases allow you to post articles directly online and others do not (e.g. open access vs. paywall content). Best practice is to use the online Course Readings system.

    The Course Readings Team will provide advice on this and manage the process for you. Contact them if you wish to make items from databases available in Blackboard.

    Alternatively, you may be able to link directly to the journal article within the database. The Course Readings Team can assist you to create durable or permanent hyperlinks.


(includes maps, diagrams, charts, drawings, paintings, cartoons, prints, engravings, photographs, illustrations)

  • The whole of  an artistic work may be copied  from a hard copy original if it illustrates or accompanies the text or music you are copying, or if it can't be separately purchased at reasonable cost in a reasonable time.
  • The whole of an artistic work may be copied from a digital original, if it can't be purchased at reasonable cost in a reasonable time.
  • It is a requirement that the S113P Copyright Warning notice be included "on or with" all artwork.

Music (not including scores)

  • Musical broadcasts recorded off air may be posted online. It is a requirement that the S113P Copyright Warning notice be included "on or with" all music recorded off air.
  • Material copied from the Internet may not be posted online.
  • Some commercial music may be posted online under the University's Tertiary Music Licence, however it may only be streamed and may not be made available to download. Music posted online must be registered with the Copyright Advisor.

Film and TV

  • Off air broadcasts may be posted online in Blackboard. It is a requirement that the S113P Copyright Warning notice be included "on or with" all film and TV content recorded off air.
  • Any copies provided on physical media (such as disc or USB stick) must also be labelled 'Made for the educational purposes of the University of Newcastle under S113P of the Copyright Act 1968. Date broadcast … Date this copy made...'
  • Commercial material may not be used without permission in writing from all copyright owners, unless already suitably licensed by the University (e.g. via a streaming video database).

Copying with permission:

You may copy and communicate more than the amounts specified under the various licences if:

  • Copyright belongs to the University of Newcastle
  • You have received permission in writing from the copyright owner/s to copy and/or communicate the work for teaching purposes.

Lecture Capture (Panopto)

As Panopto can record and communicate material from a variety of sources, lecture capture should be paused unless you are certain material may be recorded. Some activities permitted in an on-campus lecture or tutorial become breaches of copyright if material is recorded or communicated. Other activities may be permitted, but in a restricted form, or require the use of specific warning notices.

Please see the quick guide to using copyright material in Lecture capture or contact the Copyright Advisor for more information.

The University of Newcastle acknowledges the traditional custodians of the lands within our footprint areas: Awabakal, Darkinjung, Biripai, Worimi, Wonnarua, and Eora Nations. We also pay respect to the wisdom of our Elders past and present.