Learning centres for equity
In New South Wales, and Australia more broadly, we are on the precipice of a massive transformation of schooling and the assumptions around the education of children. This transformation is focussed on equity and the personalisation of the schooling process. These engaging learning centres will allow students to take ownership for their own education, have autonomy and agency, and where passion is encouraged. Teachers in these new school designs become facilitators who encourage and support students’ individual journeys.
Current standards for initial teacher preparation across the western world are remarkably the same (Australian Institute for Teaching and School leadership, 2017). They are really organizers of evidence that new teachers and their programs must assemble inside these agreed-upon categories. Unfortunately, they are built on and support a model of learning and teaching that is nearly obsolete. The implications are profound for teacher education. Schools of Education mostly place our students in schools as they are, not schools as they need to be. That means we are replicating and perpetuating obsolescence. We need a different kind of teacher for a different kind of school.
“For too long schools have been places young people go to watch their teachers work.” John Fischetti.
Old school paradigm
The current “old school” paradigm of teaching and learning is based on students sitting passively in rows, completing a required syllabus in the order they are told to do so, and with very little choice. Assessment systems reinforce the status quo, promoting learning for “some”, rather than drive learning for all. This assembly-line approach too often sorts students early on based on societal socio economic gaps or based upon educators failure to adapt to the learning environment to individual learner needs. Currently at least 40% of Australian students are disengaged from their schooling (Gross & Sonnemann, 2017). This disengagement is a failure for the individuals and a tragic loss of human capacity to be relevant in the innovation age where critical thinking, problem solving, adaptive reasoning and collaboration are core skills. In “old school”, leadership is more management than transformation. Moreover, in teacher and leadership education, we are too often preparing our new teachers for the schools we are holding onto rather than for the schools we need.
New school paradigm
“We are holding onto the schools of the past rather than evolving the schools we need.” John Fischetti
In the “new school” paradigm, schools will no longer be places young people go to watch their teachers work. They are learning centres, with student engagement at the forefront and personalised learning focussing the instruction on the needs of the learner. Emerging virtual reality and artificial intelligence systems will require reinvention of content delivery and leapfrog pedagogies to new frontiers of exploring and mastering ideas and knowledge. Students in this new school approach are the centre of the learning as they accomplish the syllabus in ways that work for each of them. Assessment from here will be formative and used to modify instruction to meet the needs of learners in real-time. That is equity in action with learning for all as a goal.
What is required to be successful in the innovative age?
“We need a different kind of teacher for a different kind of school.” John Fischetti
In this dynamic learning environment, a new approach to classroom and school leadership is vital. Leadership for old school approaches was primarily management with a mission statement. In new school approaches, leadership is a complex, dynamic empowerment process. The individuals who drive education forward from here—from the classroom to the school to the boardroom - will need a new set of skills to help them create the learning environments that empower every child for success and embrace the culture and expectations of the community as vital partners in the process.
When Copernicus posited, and Galileo confirmed the Sun as the centre of the solar system and that the Earth revolved around it, many learned people of the time considered this heresy. The notion that the syllabus can be accomplished by adjusting it to the passions and needs of the learners is possibly considered heresy today. To some, the idea that passion and student wellbeing help drive intellectual curiosity and lead to building cognitive capacity seems impossible at worst or unrealistic at best. However, the goal of learning for all is to design schools based upon and built around the needs of learners rather than the syllabus or the needs of adults. We are heading this direction led by great educators in Australia and around the world who have adopted promising school designs. In addition, if we stay on top of the technological advances, smart tools can help us differentiate in powerful ways. By preparing new teachers differently, we can provide a bridge from old school to new school without disruption.
When I talk to parents, they often complain that some students on some days get different assistance from their teachers, which they say is not fair. Actually, it is fair, it just isn’t equal. Equity is about giving each child what they need when they need it. With fairness one of Australia’s core values and as we collectively address the inequities of the past, new school designs may be part of our journey to fairness. All of us deserve a fair go as a child, not a predetermined norm-reference box we are put in. We can do this.
The University of Newcastle provides national and international excellence in teacher leader and school leader preparation, educational praxis and research and lifelong learning.
- Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership (2017). Australian Professional Standards for Teachers. Retrieved from: https://www.aitsl.edu.au/teach/standards
- Gross, P., & Sonnemann, J. (2017). Grattan Institute - Engaging students: Creating classrooms that improve learning. Retrieved from: https://www.grattan.edu.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Engaging-students-creating-classrooms-that-improve-learning.pdf
- Hawkes, S.J. (2014). The Flipped Classroom: Now or Never? AANA Journal. Retrieved from: http://eds.a.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=1&sid=b0f43991-b96e-416f-88fa-24673aa60e6f%40sessionmgr4008