Available in 2022
Course code



10 units


6000 level

Course handbook


Satellite Positioning

Theory of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) positioning. Understanding of fundamental GNSS observables (pseudorange and carrier phases), baseline processing, network adjustment, and coordinate transformation (site calibration). Practice of post-processing system and real-time kinematic positioning.

Astronomical Positioning

Introduction to astronomical coordinate system and time system (sidereal, solar, and atomic times). A concept of astronomical coordinate (azimuth, latitude and longitude) determination from star observations.



  • Semester 1 - 2022

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of the course students will be able to:

1. Derive spatial information from satellite based surveying observations using Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS).

2. Compute spatial information using celestial and satellite co-ordinate systems.

3. Transform data between, and present data in, co-ordinates based on ellipsoidal and level surfaces.

4. Conduct research and apply to practical problems.


Astronomical Positioning

•Introduction to relative movements of earth, sun and stars

•Astronomical co-ordinate systems; time; star almanac; refraction

•Azimuth determination from sun observations and star observations in detail

•Latitude and longitude determination in principle, with emphasis on error minimisation


 Satellite Positioning

•Theory of precise positioning using GPS series satellites

•Practice of precise positioning using GPS series satellites

Assumed knowledge

Content covered in courses:

SURV2220 Surveying Methods and Equipment and SURV2230 Surveying Techniques and Computations (previously SURV2180 and SURV2340), and

SURV3510 Geodesy 1.

Assessment items

Report: GNSS Assignment - Fast Static Survey

Written Assignment: GNSS Assignment - RTK Survey

Quiz: In-class Quiz

Report: Research Investigation

Contact hours


Field Study

Face to Face Off Campus 30 hour(s) per Term Full Term


Face to Face On Campus 4 hour(s) per Week for 13 Weeks

NOTE: The above distribution of contact hours may alter on a weekly basis and will be confirmed in the course outline handed to students in Week 1.


Face to Face On Campus 4 hour(s) per Week for 3 Weeks

The University of Newcastle acknowledges the traditional custodians of the lands within our footprint areas: Awabakal, Darkinjung, Biripai, Worimi, Wonnarua, and Eora Nations. We also pay respect to the wisdom of our Elders past and present.