The University of Newcastle, Australia
Available in 2019

Course handbook


Provides students with an understanding of the methods used to measure consumption, beneficial and adverse effects, and cost-effectiveness of drugs in communities; research design and skills used to appraise epidemiological research and clinical trial design.

The course includes biostatistics to a level that enables the student to apply statistical reasoning to epidemiological studies and research. Students will also obtain skills in the development and design of research protocol and methodology as it relates to epidemiological and health research.

This course is a Compulsory Program Component that students must pass in order to progress in the Bachelor of Pharmacy (Honours).

Availability2019 Course Timetables


  • Semester 2 - 2019

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of the course students will be able to:

1. Understand the techniques used to measure medicinal drug consumption;

2. Understand the factors that influence the prescribing and consumption of medicinal drugs;

3. Understand the methods used to measure beneficial and adverse effects of drugs in the community;

4. Be able to correctly interpret data on drug consumption and effects;

5. Understand the techniques used in measuring the cost-effectiveness of drugs;

6. Be able to correctly interpret pharmacoeconomic data and understand how cost-effectiveness data can be used to set drug prices and control drug budgets;

7. Understand the basic principles of biostatistics to be able to apply statistical reasoning to pharmacy related research;

8. Understand the underlying principles of the design and development of research protocol methodology as it relates to pharmacy related studies.


  1. Drug utilisation studies, international measures of drug consumption.
  2. International comparisons of drug consumption, the impact of socio-economic factors and pharmaceutical industry actions on prescribing and consumption of medicinal drugs.
  3. Measuring efficacy of drugs by randomised and non-randomised studies, biostatistical measures of drug use and effects.
  4. Logic of cohort and case-control studies of adverse effects, voluntary adverse reaction reports and their interpretation, measuring the costs and outcomes of community drug use.
  5. Cost-minimisation, cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis, evidence-based medicine and pharmacoeconomic analysis, using pharmacoeconomic analyses to make formulary decisions and set prices.
  6. Reference pricing, evidence-based procurement techniques in drug program management.
  7. Biostatistics.
  8. Research skills.


To enrol in this course students must have successfully completed either MATH1110 or STAT1070 all 1000 and 2000 level courses in the Bachelor of Pharmacy (Honours) (12328) program and be active in this program.

Assumed knowledge

MATH1110 Mathematics 1

Assessment items

Presentation: Oral presentation

In Term Test: Mid-semester exam

Written Assignment: Written Assignment (Individual Report, including reflection)

Formal Examination: Written exam *

* This assessment has a compulsory requirement.

Compulsory Requirements

In order to pass this course, each student must complete ALL of the following compulsory requirements:

Course Assessment Requirements:

  • Formal Examination: Pass Requirement - Students must pass this assessment item to pass the course.

Contact hours



Face to Face On Campus 3 hour(s) per Week for 10 Weeks


Face to Face On Campus 2 hour(s) per Week for 10 Weeks