Climate Change Emergency Initiative

 *(image author NASA (Credit: Vostok ice core data/J.R. Petit et al.; NOAA Mauna Loa CO2 record.) (note: this image is public domain - credit https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:NASA_CO2_Chart.jpg https://climate.nasa.gov/climate_resources/24/graphic-the-relentless-rise-of-carbon-dioxide/)

(image courtesy of NASA)

The Newcastle Law School recognises the scientific consensus that an urgent and significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is required to avoid catastrophic environmental, economic and humanitarian consequences. The School therefore encourages and supports its staff, students and alumni to use their skills and capacities as lawyers, researchers, teachers, policymakers, administrators and citizens to support efforts to promote emergency action to reduce emissions.

This Initiative builds on the Narratives of Climate Change Symposium, hosted at Newcastle Law School in July 2018, and its focus on evidence-based policy-making and climate justice.

Evidence-based approaches call for action to reduce carbon dioxide levels due to:

  1. Unequivocal warming of the climate system, with many of the observed changes since the 1950s being unprecedented over decades to millennia (IPCC AR5)
  2. Historically high (and rapidly growing) levels of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere, driven largely by economic and population growth (IPCC AR5)
  3. Very strong evidence (i.e. 95–100% likelihood) suggesting that anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions are the dominant cause of climate change (IPCC AR5)
  4. Very strong evidence suggesting the cost of acting to reduce carbon dioxide levels now will be less economically damaging than continued high carbon dioxide levels. (IPCC Special Report: Global Warming of 1.5 ºC)
  5. Significant evidence that failure to take emergency action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions will lead to significantly increased and irreversible climate-related risks for natural and human systems (IPCC Special Report: Global Warming of 1.5 ºC)

As a Law School, this Initiative notes the collective legal responsibility of the international community under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its associated agreements and protocols, including the Paris Agreement.

We also note the evidence evaluated in the reports of the United Nations Environment Programme and of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), demonstrating that current commitments expressed in the form of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) as submitted under the Paris Agreement are insufficient to enable the international community to keep warming to safe levels.

By declaring a climate emergency, we encourage emergency action directed to meeting greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets, at the same time as considering climate justice, intergenerational justice and intragenerational justice for those persons and communities who are disproportionately affected by extreme weather events as a result of climate change and to ensure Australians employed in fossil fuel industries find appropriate alternate employment.