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The Cultures and Citizenship Major provides students with insights into the interactions of people from different cultures in relation to how these relate to citizenship, human rights and development. These issues are explored at the local, national and international level. The courses in the Cultures and Citizenship major are drawn from the disciplines of sociology and anthropology, Aboriginal studies, geography, religious studies, politics and tourism. The major will provide you with grounding in key social and cultural issues as well as the flexibility to follow your interests in particular areas such as indigenous cultures, religion and culture and human rights.
Graduates are valued for their cultural sensitivity, ethical awareness, written and verbal communication proficiency, and their critical and logical analyses. Employment opportunities exist in government advisor and policy consultant roles, private industry, non-government organisations, international aid agencies, and research organisations.
Cultures and Citizenship is taught by the Geography and Environmental Studies group; for more information about this area of study, visit the School of Environmental and Life Sciences site.
Academic advice: view Study Pathways for this major »
Honours: An Honours year is available to students as a separate program in the form of an additional year to those who meet the entry requirements. For more information about this program, see Bachelor of Development Studies (Honours).
Some occupations require a higher level of completed study than an undergraduate degree, and for this reason it is worthwhile considering the range of post-graduate study options available. Post-graduate study may also be useful for specialising in a particular area, or to stimulate career change. Some of the post-graduate study options following the Bachelor of Development Studies include:
Post-graduate coursework programs can add further specialisations in areas including business, safety, quality assurance and teaching. To explore such options please visit the Post Graduate Handbook at http://www.newcastle.edu.au/program/postgraduate/
The Planning Institute of Australia website contains a list of courses that are accredited for those interested in the field of urban and regional planning. www.planning.org.au/becomeaplanner/accredited-courses
The following list provides some example jobs titles that might be suitable for graduates of the Cultures and Citizenship major. Some of these jobs will depend upon the amount and level of study undertaken, level of experience, and the combination of other majors and electives studied, for example some may require further study.
- Aboriginal Cultural Educational Officer
- Access and Equity Advisor
- Cultural Development Officer
- Cultural Heritage Officer
- Cultural Resource Manager
Not everyone uses their degree in the same way and the transferable skills gained through university study may allow graduates to pursue a range of careers that might not be directly linked to their study. Below is a sample list of job titles that might be suitable for someone with the skills gained from a major in Cultures and Citizenship.
- Community Development Worker
- Community Liaison Officer
- Community Project Officer
- Development Managers (International Aid)
- Generalist Programs
- Grants Officer
- Intelligence Officer
- International Admissions Officer
- International Aid/Development Worker
- Native Title Consultant
- Planning Officer
Getting the Edge
Most employers seek to recruit people who have relevant work experience and an appreciation for their industry. Here is a check list of ideas about gaining experience and industry knowledge.
- Check the type of experience most employers in your field of interest expect. Don’t overlook the part time work you may be currently doing. Most employers understand that the skills are transferrable even if the work is not in their industry.
- Check your academic program for any courses that involve a placement or the opportunity to undertake an industry based project.
- Check your school for Summer Scholarships for research opportunities.
- Check vacancy sites for advertised traineeships, part time employment and vacation work opportunities in your field.
- Source and approach organisations directly about possible work shadowing or information interview opportunities.
- Source and approach organisations directly for paid work opportunities.
- Consider volunteering.
Note: Gaining experience may be important but not at the expense of your studies. Make sure you do not overload your timetable with unrealistic work commitments.
Cultures and Citizenship graduates find employment opportunities in a wide variety of industries in small, medium or large organisations. Some large international aid organisations offer internship programs as well as employment opportunities. Most of these organisations require post graduate qualifications at either Masters or PhD level as well as relevant paid or unpaid experience. Below is an example of some of the major organisations.
- ActionAid Australia (International)
- Amnesty International (International)
- Anglicare (Australia)
- Asian Development Bank (Australia)
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia)
- Australian Conservation Foundation (Australia)
- Australian Council for International Development (International)
- Australian Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (Australia)
- Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (Australia)
- Australian Local Government (Australia)
- Brotherhood of St Laurence (Australia)
- Centrelink (Australia)
- CSIRO (Australia)
- Department for Environment and Heritage (SA) (Australia)
- Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW) (Australia)
- Department of Environment and Heritage (Australia)
- Department of Families, Housing, Communities and Indigenous Affairs (Australia)
- Department of Immigration and Citizenship (Australia)
- Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (Australia)
- Diversity Health Institute (Australia)
- Eldis (International)
- The Foundation for Development Cooperation (International)
- Indigenous Community Volunteers (Australia)
- Mercy Corps (International)
- Migrant Network Services (Australia)
- Migrant Resource Centres (Australia)
- Mission Australia (Australia)
- National Native Title Tribunal (Australia)
- New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council (Australia)
- NSW Department of Aboriginal Affairs (Australia)
- NSW Department of Planning (Australia)
- Oxfam (International)
- Pacific Regional Environment Program (International)
- UNICEF Australia (International)
- United Nations High Commission for Refugees (International)
- YMCA (Australia)
Some large organisations have specific graduate recruitment programs designed to employ the pick of graduates each year. You must be in your final year of study or recently completed to apply for these programs. The timing of these recruitment drives varies and may occur at any point in the academic year, in some cases starting as early as the first few weeks of the first semester or trimester.
Find out if employers in your area/s of interest have graduate programs, when they typically recruit and what recruitment methods they use. Check with the Careers Service .
Job Prospects and Salary
For up-to-date information please see Job Outlook Australia. This site provides basic Australian labour market information including job prospects, skills requirements and salaries. You might try some of the classifications below as a guide on this site.
Societies and Associations
Associations and societies often provide relevant and up to date information about a variety of issues relating to specific industry sectors. These can be a good starting point to learn more about occupations through profiles, industry news, links to academic journals and information on research developments. Many also offer student membership, conference and professional development activities, newsletters and the opportunity to participate in projects.
- Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Australia)
- Australian Development Gateway (Australia)
- Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (Australia)
- Australian Local Government Association (Australia)
- Humane Society International (Australia)
- Institute of Public Administration Australia (Australia)
Don’t overlook student societies and associations. As well as student chapters of professional associations, some faculties or schools have discipline based student associations. Check your school or faculty web site; perhaps you might start one if one doesn’t exist.
Some academic disciplines run Seminar Programs that involve regular seminars presented by University of Newcastle academics, visiting academics and postgraduate students. Check your schools website for the timetable.
Job Search Sites
Searching job sites is a good way to gain an understanding of: industries recruiting professionals in this field; types of roles and the requirements or expectations of employers for these roles. There are many online job search sites, here are a few to start with:
Australian and International
- CareerHub: the University of Newcastle Careers Service careers and job search site for enrolled students and graduates.
- CareerOne: Australia wide job listings, all levels and industries including executive positions
- MyCareer: Australian and international listings
- Seek: comprehensive Australian job listings, also includes New Zealand and UK listings
- The Big Chair: Management and Executive Jobs
Grad Attributes and Employability
Graduate attributes for the Bachelor of Development Studies are the skills, abilities and knowledge that are highly sought after by a broad range of employers. Below is the complete list of attributes that graduates will have demonstrated upon the completion of the degree.
On completion of the Bachelor of Development Studies Degree, a graduate will:
- Be committed to knowledge creation, ethical practice and critical perspectives about development and underdevelopment.
- Possess substantial & broad knowledge of cultural diversity; globalisation & economic development; environmental sustainability; and urban & regional development as development issues.
- Demonstrate a capacity for logical, critical and creative analysis.
- Have high level communication skills and the ability to engage in constructive public and professional discourse in community, cross cultural and policy context.
- Be able to perform both autonomously and collaboratively with advanced skills in collecting organising and presenting information.
- Have the capacity to be engaged, responsible, sensitive and effective world citizens.