PLACES

THRELKELD'S "COMMON PLACES", 1834

From L.E. Threlkeld, An Australian Grammer (Threlkeld 1834: 82-5)

Bo-un The site of Wallis's plains, from a bird of that name
Búl-ba An Island, any place surrounded with water, also, Nga-róng.
Bul-kir-ra Any mountain, from Bulka. The back of man or beast.
Bi-wong-kul-la The place of red tea-trees, from Bi-wong, red tea-tree.
But-ta-ba The name of a hill on the margin of the lake.
Bo-i-kón-úm-ba A place of ferns from Bo-i-kón, Fern.
Kut-tai The site of Sydney Light-house, any Peninsula.
Kin-ti-ir-ra-bin The name of a small volcanoo [sic] on the sea coast, near Red head; seven or eight miles S. of Newcastle, and five or six miles N. E. of Lake Macquarie.
Ko-i-yóng The site of any native camp, or, British town, & c.
Ko-i-ka-ling-ba A place of brambles; from Ko-i-ka-Iing, a sort of bramble bearing a berrylike a raspberry.
Tul-ki-ri-ba A place of brambles; from Tul-ki-ri.
Ngur-rán-ba A place of brambles; from Ngur-rán an inferior sort of the above description.
Ká-ra-kun-ba A place of swamp oaks. A specie of pine. Vulgo, swamp oaks.
Kai-á-ra-ba A place of sea weeds.
Ke-el-ke el-ba A place of grass tree.
Ko-pur-ra-ba The name of the place from which the blacks obtain the Ko-pur-ra, a yellowish earth which they wet, mould up into balls, and then burn them in a strong fire, in which it changes into a brilliant red, something like red ochre, with which the men and women paint themselves, mixing it with the kidney fat of the kangaroo, used always at their dances.
Ko-na-ko-ina-ba The name of the place where the stone called, Ko-na-ko-na is found. There are veins in the stone, which contain a yellow substance, used for paint in warlike expeditions. The name of a large mountain, the N. extremity of Lake Macquarie.
Mu-lu-bin-ba The name of the site of Newcastle, from an indigenous fern named, Mu-lu-bin.
Mu-nung-ngur-ra-ba The sea snipe place, where they resort.
Mul-lung-bu-la The name of two upright rocks about nine feet high, springing upon the side of a bluff head on the margin of the lake. The blacks affirm from tradition, that they are two women who were transformed into rocks, in consequence of their being beaten to death by a blackman. Beneath the mountain on which the two pillars stand, a seam of common coal is seen many feet thick, from which Reid ob-tained a cargo of coals, when he mistook the entrance of this Lake for Newcastle; a wharf; the remains of his building, still exists at this place: from whom the name Reid's mistake is derived.
Mún-nu-kán The name of a point, under which is a seam of canal coal, beneath which a thick seam of superior common coal joins, and both jet into the sea betwixt three and four fathoms of water. The Government Mineral Surveyor found on examination, that the two veins were nearly nine feet in thick-ness, and the coal of excellent quality.
Nik-kin-ba From Nik-kin, Coal, a place of coals. The whole lake twenty-one miles long by eight, abounds with coal.
Nga-ra-wou-tá-ra Any plain, a flat.
Ngór-ró-in-ba The female Emu place; from Ngór-ro-in the female Emu; the male Emu is Kóng-ko-róng from his cry.
Ngo-lo-yáu-wé A point of land on the S. side of the lake.
Nir-rit-ti-ba The name of the Island at the entrance of the lake, from Nir-rit-ti, the mutton bird which abounds there.
Pit-to-ba A place of pipe clay; from Pit-to, pipe clay, which is used by the deceased's relatives to paint over the whole body, as mourning.
Pur-ri-báng-ba The Ants nest place; from within which a yellow dusty substance is collected, and used by the blacks as a paint for their bodies, called Pur-ri--báng. The Ants gather the substance for some unknown purpose.
Pun-tei A narrow place. The name of any narrow point of Land.
Tuni-po-a-ba A clayey place; from Tumpoa, clay.
Tul-ka-ba The soft tea tree place; from Tul-ka, tea tree.
Ti-ra-bé-en-ba A long point of land tooth like; from Ti-ra, a tooth.
Wau-wa-rán The name of a hole of fresh water in the vicinity of Lake Macquarie, betwixt it and the mountains Westerly: said by the blacks to be bottomless, and in-habited by a monster of a fish much larger than a shark, called Wau-wai, it frequents the contiguous swamp, and kills the aborigines! There is another resort for these fish near an Island in Lake Macquarie, named Bo-ro-yi-róng; from the cliffs of which, if stones be thrown down into the sea beneath, the tea tree bark floats up, and then the monster is seen gradually arising from the deep; should any natives be at hand, he overturns the canoe, swallows alive the crew, and then the canoe whole, after which he descends to his resort in the depths below!
Yi-rán-ná-lai The name of a place near Newcastle on the sea beach beneath a high cliff, where, it is said, that if any persons speak, the stones fall down from the high arched rocks above, the crumb-ling state of which is such as to render it extremely probable, that the concussions of air from the voice causes the effect to take place; which once occurred to myself, after being warned, in company with some blacks.
Wá-ra-wol-lung The name of a high mountain. West of Lake Macquarie; which has been partly cleared of timber by order of the Surveyor General as a mark, which is seen from a considerable distance. The name appears to be derived from Wol-lung, the human head from the appearance of the mountain.
Kur-rur-kur-ráu The name of a place, in which there is, almost, a forest of petrifactions [sic] of wood, of various sizes extremely well defined. Situated in a bay at the N. W. extremity of Lake Macquarie. The tradition of the Aborigines is, that formerly it was one large rock which fell from the heavens and killed a number of blacks, which were assembled where it descended, they being collected together in that spot by command of an immense Guana, which came down from heaven for that purpose. In consequence of his anger at their having killed lice by roasting them in the fire, those who had killed the vermin by cracking, were previously speared to death by him with along reed from Heaven! At that remote period the moon was a man named Pón-to-bung, hence the moon is called he to the present day; and the sun being formerly a woman, retains the feminine pronoun she. When the Guana saw all the men were killed by the fall of the stone, he ascended up into heaven, where he is supposed now to remain.