Awabakal Language Studies

Capell, A.,  “Language in Aboriginal Australia”, in Aboriginal Man in Australia: Essays in Honour of Emeritus Professor A.P. Elkin, eds. R. Berndt and C. Berndt. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1965.  

Fraser, John,  "Some remarks on the Australian Languages", Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 24 (1890): 231-53.  Click here to download

Fraser, John (ed.),  An Australian language as spoken by the Awabakal, the people of Awaba or Lake Macquarie (near Newcastle, New South Wales) being an account of their language, traditions and customs, by L.E. Threlkeld; re-arranged, condensed and edited with an appendix by John Fraser. Sydney: Charles Potter, Govt. Printer, 1892.  Click here to download

Haslam, Percy A.,  "Aboriginal Songs from the 1850s" in The New Oxford Book of Australian Verse, ed. L.A. Murray. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1986: 36-7.  Click here to download

Newton, Peter John Frederick,  "More than one language, more than one culture: scholarly and popular ideas about Australian Aboriginal languages from early time until 1860", M.A. (Hons.) Thesis, Macquarie University, 1987.  

Oppliger, Mandy,  "The phonology and morphology of Awabakal: a reconstitution from early written sources", B.A. (Hons.) Thesis, University of Sydney, Sydney, 1984.  

See, Richard Edward,  "Comparison of some Australian Languages", Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, 1965.  

Threlkeld, L. E.,  Specimens of a Dialect of the Aborigines of New South Wales: Being the first attempt to form their speech into a written language. Sydney, Monitor Office, 1827.  Click here to download

Threlkeld, L. E.,  An Australian Grammar: comprehending the principles and natural rules of the language, as spoken by the Aborigines in the vicinity of Hunter's River, Lake Macquarie &c., New South Wales. Sydney, Stephens and Stokes, 1834.  Click here to download

Threlkeld, L. E.,  An Australian Spelling Book, in the Language as spoken by the Aborigines, in the vicinity of Hunter's River, Lake Macquarie, New South Wales. Sydney: Stephens and Stokes, 1836.  

Threlkeld, L. E.,  A Key to the Structure of the Aboriginal Language; being an analysis of the particles used as affixes, to form the various modifications of the verbs; shewing the essential powers, abstract roots, and other peculiarities of the language spoken by the Aborigines in the vicinity of Hunter River, Lake Macquarie, etc., New South Wales: together with comparisons of Polynesian and other dialects. Sydney: Kemp and Fairfax, 1850.  

Threlkeld, L. E.,  "Language of the Australian Aborigines" in Waugh's Australian Almanac for the Year 1858, ed. James. W. Waugh. Sydney: James W. Waugh, 1858: 60-80.  Click here to download

    * See also the AIATSIS Indigenous Languages Bibliography