Referencing and Writing
Full documentation of your references is an essential part of any essay or research presentation you write. There are two reasons for this:
- To verify your information.
- To give credit where it is due.
What is plagiarism?
- using someone else's ideas or words without giving credit to the author
- changing or rearranging words from a quotation and not giving credit to the author
- not using your own words when writing your essay
- not providing references or citations to the works you used and consulted
Why provide in-text references, citation (reference) lists and a bibliography?
- To give credit where it is due
- So that your work can be independently checked
- To allow other researchers to quickly locate your source of information
When do you need to reference?
Reference whenever you:
- quote the exact words of another's work
- change the word order in a quotation from another's work
- paraphrase (closely summarise) from another's work
- use an idea that is directly based on another's work
What is a Citation, a Reference List, and a Bibliography?
- A Citation or reference is where, written within your essay, you refer to a quotation taken from another source, or you paraphrase another person's ideas.
- A Reference List is an alphabetical list of the sources you have quoted from (cited) in your essay
- A Bibliography is an alphabetical list of the sources you consulted or read for your essay - books, magazines, newspapers, CD-ROMs, Internet, interviews, etc.
For detailed information on how to reference your research, consult the following external links:
The following notes are written by one our lecturers to assist you in your academic writing at graduate level: