Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass

Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass

Associate Professor

School of Health Sciences (Physiotherapy)

Exposing the roots of chronic pain

Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass is a physiotherapist, educator and prolific neuromusculoskeletal researcher currently dedicated to uncovering the hidden causes of chronic neck pain.

Suzanne Snodgrass 

Examining both neural and kinematic processes, Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass is using a multi-pronged approach to identify the mechanisms that may define and modulate chronic non-traumatic neck pain.

Suzanne believes that recent research trends in her field disregard possible biological causes through an overly narrow focus on psychosocial contributors. She cites a recent study in whiplash that suggests the presence of pain may contribute to psychological distress, rather than stress leading to pain.

"They showed that the participants had some psychological distress issues, but when their pain went away, so did many of the psychosocial factors associated with their pain."

"This makes us question the assumed relationship between them. If you have psychosocial distress, it's not inevitable that you get pain. So there must be something else causing pain, perhaps a biological factor that we're just not measuring yet."

Suzanne is keen to determine the reasons for recurrent neck pain; if it is how the brain is wired or how it controls movement, whether the joints are stiff or stuck, or whether it's related to the way a person moves during daily tasks.  She queries whether there could be an issue with the link between the brain and the muscles.

"We are looking closely at all the alternatives to psychosocial determinants causing pain. If we can identify a biological cause of the pain, then we could design better treatments." 

MOVEMENT MEASURES

Observing and measuring the way people complete functional tasks and correcting abnormal movement is one of the core functions of physiotherapy. However, due to clinical measurements focusing solely on movement within a single plane, and the practice of movement correction based on the observation skills of individual therapists, the relationship between pain and movement deviation has been difficult to quantify.

"Traditional treatments focus on correcting impairments. But what are the mechanisms creating the impairments?" she asks. 

"I would associate range of motion with pain, but it doesn't always come out in studies as one of the main factors."

"I think that's because we correct the movement when we are actually measuring it."

"It could be quite different if we could find a way to measure how someone is naturally moving."

To this end, Suzanne has established a specially designed movement lab, using 3D motion analysis to record and measure the movement of participants who suffer neck pain, as well as a healthy control group. The data will then be analysed to identify the differences between the groups.

She is collaborating with Dr Suzi Edwards, based at the Ourimbah campus, who has shown that people with lower back pain were very controlled in their movement.

"One of the things we may find in investigating neck pain, is that it's not a particular movement pattern causing problems, it may be that it's a lack of movement," Suzanne explains.

"If this is the case, we can design interventions to get people moving again."

BRAIN TEASERS

Another possible cause of pain that Suzanne is exploring is relative to how the brain controls movement. She is using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to assess connections between the motor cortex and the thalamus, a part of the brain involved in motor planning.

The next step will be to measure if there are changes in the brain or neck muscles after participants undertake a regime of task specific training.

"There's evidence in relation to lower back pain that if interventions involve a specific exercise, we will see changes not only in the way a person performs a particular movement, but in the way their brain organises to perform that movement."

"We'll be looking to see if that happens in neck pain as well."

"Again, that's linking the motor movement, or the muscle performance, to the brain mechanism telling the muscle to perform."

THE NEXT WAVE

Suzanne is also a talented educator.

In addition to her role supervising research students, she coordinates the first year entry course into Physiotherapy, teaches third year core musculoskeletal physiotherapy, and contributes to the curriculum across the school in the areas of musculoskeletal, spinal and sports physiotherapy.

"I like working with young people. They are just so bright and talented," she enthuses.

Always looking at ways to improve practice, Suzanne turned her innovative thinking toward improving assessment processes for physiotherapists in training.

Funding from the Health Education and Training Institute NSW in 2013 allowed Suzanne and her team to trial a new method of recording feedback and creating dialogue between clinical educators and students on clinical placements.

Adapting software designed for giving students exam feedback, the Electronically-Facilitated Feedback Initiative (EFFI) created a new forum for reflection for both the student and educator.

Suzanne is working with Associate Professor Trevor Russell at the University of Queensland to gain more funding for further development of this mechanism. The first step is to iron out the technological glitches in the process, which she hopes will become a standard tool for educators.

"The good thing about physio is that we've moved to an online national assessment form for clinical placements. The ability to link into this will result in a feedback dialogue linked to the student's assessment."

A SPORTING CHANCE

Choosing a career in physiotherapy was an obvious path for Suzanne.

"I played a lot of sports and I was very interested in how the body works. Physio is a profession where you can learn that," she confirms.

Originally from the United States, she obtained a Bachelor of Science (Physical Therapy), from the University of North Carolina. Extensive travel followed intensive work as a sport physiotherapist in the States, and Suzanne finally settled in Australia.

Working in private practice, but looking for a change, Suzanne heard that the University of Newcastle was setting up a physiotherapy degree.

Approaching Professor Darren Rivett regarding a possible position, Suzanne was urged to pursue her research masters, after which she embarked on her PhD.

Years of practice inform her search for practical, pragmatic solutions for easing chronic pain. Although she enjoys teaching, five years after completing her PhD, it is research that still ignites her passion.

"I became more interested in research as I had more opportunities to answer more advanced and interesting questions," Suzanne explains.

"The more research I do, the more enthralled I am with it."

Exposing the roots of chronic pain

Associate Professor Snodgrass' research focuses on understanding the mechanisms that define and modulate musculoskeletal pain, investigating treatments for pati

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Career Summary

Biography

Suzanne Snodgrass is an Associate Professor in Physiotherapy. She holds a Bachelors in Physical Therapy (University of North Carolina), a research Masters and a PhD (University of Newcastle). Since completing her PhD in 2008, she has established the Spinal Movement Laboratory at Newcastle that now includes 4 PhD, 2 Masters and 5 Honours students, and a strong track record in musculoskeletal pain research (>40 journal publications and >45 conference presentations).

Associate Professor Snodgrass has a passion for understanding the mechanisms that define and modulate musculoskeletal pain in order to find new solutions for patients. Working as a clinician in musculoskeletal pain and sports settings for 10 years prior to academia motivates her to seek practical solutions for pateints that translate to the clinic. The major focus of her research is on investigating treatments for chronic musculoskeletal pain that improve movement dysfunction and induce neuroplasticity. Topics include the investigation of neural and kinematic biomarkers in chronic pain, task-specific training for improving symptoms of chronic pain, defining the dose of conservative therapies for pain, and estimating injury risk in work and sporting settings.

PUBLICATIONS: Dr Snodgrass’ work has been published in highly rated international journals such as Manual Therapy, Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, and Physical Therapy. An early career researcher 5 years post-PhD (with career interruption), Dr Snodgrass has > 200 citations and an H-index of 10. She has published an average of 6 papers per year since her PhD was awarded, averaging 7 citations per paper. In the last 5 years, her H-index has more than tripled (from 3 to 10, with 54% of papers as first author; career 63% first author), evidence of her upward trajectory in research and recognition in the field of physiotherapy and neck pain.

RESEARCH GRANTS: A/Prof Snodgrass has received $723K in career research funding, and in the last 5 years has received $422K in external competitive funding from 8 applications, all of which she led or currently leads. Major sources of funding are the Ramaciotti Foundation ($75K) for the establishment of a neck pain research program to investigate neural and kinematic biomarkers as new targets for treatment and the Australian Learning and Teaching Council ($220K) to develop innovative practical skills assessments for health professionals, both led by A/Prof Snodgrass. She has also led projects funded by the Spinal Research Foundation ($20K), the Australian Physiotherapy Research Foundation ($10K), the NSW Sporting Injuries Committee ($40K) and Health Workforce Australia ($37K).

ESTEEM FACTORS: A/Prof Snodgrass is internationally recognised for her work investigating cervical spine stiffness, and was invited to contribute a review on this topic for the Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology in 2012. She has been invited to serve on three national scientific conference organising committees, as Scientific Conference Convenor for Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia (MPA) 2009 Biennial Conference, and on the scientific organising committee for MPA in 2007 and the National Physiotherapy Educators (Australian Physiotherapy Association) in 2013. Dr Snodgrass is regularly invited to review for leading international journals (the top ranked physiotherapy journals as well as journals in occupational health and health education). She has been recognised with two international and three University awards for her research work, including best literature review in the US-based Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy in 2002 and the Australia and New Zealand Association for Medical Education Post-graduate student prize in 2008. She has been recognised for her research (2013) and teaching excellence (2009) by University awards. Her research findings are continually integrated into the teaching of physiotherapy at the tertiary level, and she is regularly invited to provide expert commentary on physiotherapy and physical fitness for local media outlets.

RESEARCH TRAINING: Dr Snodgrass has supervised 9 research higher degree students (5 PhD, 4 Masters) and 36 research Honours students, the majority of these as principal supervisor. Her supervisory roles have resulted in 14 peer-reviewed publications and 22 conference presentations, including one student receiving a national award for Best Oral Presentation at the national Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia Conference 2009. As Deputy Chair of the School of Health Sciences Research & Research Training Committee, Dr Snodgrass develops programs, initiatives and events to support the School’s research culture and its early career researchers. She is Research Higher Degree and Research Honours Convenor (two programs) for the School of Health Sciences, comprising 10 health disciplines.

TEACHING: A/Prof Snodgrass' teaching strategies focus on clinical reasoning and practical skills learning, with innovations involving technology in assessment, feedback and work-integrated learning. In addition to research student coordination roles, Dr Snodgrass also coordinates the first year entry course into Physiotherapy and the third year core musculoskeletal physiotherapy course, and contributes substantial teaching into all four years of the Physiotherapy program in the areas of musculoskeletal, spinal and sports physiotherapy.

Research Expertise
Dr Snodgrass’ research focuses on the mechanisms that define and modulate musculoskeletal pain in order to find new solutions for patients. The major focus of her research is on treating chronic musculoskeletal pain using strategies to improve movement dysfunction and induce neuroplasticity. Topics include the investigation of neural and kinematic biomarkers in chronic pain, task-specific training for improving symptoms of chronic pain, defining the dose of conservative therapies for pain, and estimating injury risk in work and sporting settings.

Teaching Expertise
Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Practical assessment for health students

Administrative Expertise
Research Higher Degree Convenor Bachelor of Health Sciences (Honours) Program Convenor School of Health Sciences Honours Coordinator (Embedded+ and End-on programs) Discipline of Physiotherapy First Year Coordinator

Collaborations
Dr Snodgrass research focus is on the diagnosis and treatment of chronic insidious-onset neck pain. She is currently investigating cortical and kinematic changes associated with chronic pain using neuroimaging and motion analysis techniques, collaborating with experts in cervical spine treatment (Professor Darren Rivett), neurophysiology (Associate Professor Philip Bolton), and magnetic resonance imaging (Professor Peter Stanwell) and motion analysis (Dr Suzi Edwards).

Qualifications

  • PhD (Physiotherapy), University of Newcastle
  • Bachelor of Science (Physical Therapy), University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  • Master of Medical Science, University of Newcastle

Keywords

  • cervical spine
  • healthy lifestyle
  • musculoskeletal manipulations
  • musculoskeletal physiotherapy
  • neck pain
  • physical activity
  • physical therapy/physiotherapy
  • physiotherapy
  • spine
  • sports physiotherapy
  • therapeutic exercise

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
110499 Complementary and Alternative Medicine not elsewhere classified 10
110399 Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified 45
110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified 45

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Associate Professor University of Newcastle
School of Health Sciences
Australia

Membership

Dates Title Organisation / Department
Member - Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Association Australia Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Association Australia
Australia
Scientific Committee Member - Biennial Conference 2007 Scientific Committee Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia
Australia
Member - Australian Physiotherapy Association Australian Physiotherapy Association

Awards

Recognition

Year Award
2009 Faculty of Health Teaching Excellence Award
Unknown
2009 University of Newcastle Teaching Fellowship
Unknown

Research Award

Year Award
2013 Faculty of Health and Medicine Research Excellence Award
Unknown
2008 ANZAME Post-graduate Student Award
Unknown
2007 Best of the Best Research Showcase First Runner-up
Unknown
2005 Faculty of Health Award for Outstanding Oral Presentation
Unknown
2002 OPTP Award for Excellence in a Published Review of the Literature
Unknown
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Journal article (47 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Farmer PK, Snodgrass SJ, Buxton AJ, Rivett DA, 'An Investigation of Cervical Spinal Posture in Cervicogenic Headache', PHYSICAL THERAPY, 95 212-222 (2015)
DOI 10.2522/ptj.20140073
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2015 Reid SA, Callister R, Snodgrass SJ, Katekar MG, Rivett DA, 'Manual therapy for cervicogenic dizziness: Long-term outcomes of a randomised trial', Manual Therapy, 20 148-156 (2015)

Manual therapy is effective for reducing cervicogenic dizziness, a disabling and persistent problem, in the short term. This study investigated the effects of sustained natural ap... [more]

Manual therapy is effective for reducing cervicogenic dizziness, a disabling and persistent problem, in the short term. This study investigated the effects of sustained natural apophyseal glides (SNAGs) and passive joint mobilisations (PJMs) on cervicogenic dizziness compared to a placebo at 12 months post-treatment. Eighty-six participants (mean age 62 years, standard deviation (SD) 12.7) with chronic cervicogenic dizziness were randomised to receive SNAGs with self-SNAGs (n=29), PJMs with range-of-motion (ROM) exercises (n=29), or a placebo (n=28) for 2-6 sessions over 6 weeks. Outcome measures were dizziness intensity, dizziness frequency (rated between 0 [none] and 5 [>once/day]), the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), pain intensity, head repositioning accuracy (HRA), cervical spine ROM, balance, and global perceived effect (GPE). At 12 months both manual therapy groups had less dizziness frequency (mean difference SNAGs vs placebo-0.7, 95% confidence interval (CI)-1.3,-0.2, p=0.01; PJMs vs placebo-0.7,-1.2,-0.1, p=0.02), lower DHI scores (mean difference SNAGs vs placebo-8.9, 95% CI-16.3,-1.6, p=0.02; PJMs vs placebo-13.6,-20.8,-6.4, p<0.001) and higher GPE compared to placebo, whereas there were no between-group differences in dizziness intensity, pain intensity or HRA. There was greater ROM in all six directions for the SNAG group and in four directions for the PJM group compared to placebo, and small improvements in balance for the SNAG group compared to placebo. There were no adverse effects. These results provide evidence that both forms of manual therapy have long-term beneficial effects in the treatment of chronic cervicogenic dizziness.

DOI 10.1016/j.math.2014.08.003
Co-authors Robin Callister, Darren Rivett
2015 Ingram LA, Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, 'Comparison of cervical spine stiffness in individuals with chronic nonspecific neck pain and asymptomatic individuals.', J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 45 162-169 (2015)
DOI 10.2519/jospt.2015.5711
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2015 Manvell N, Manvell JJ, Snodgrass SJ, Reid SA, 'Tension of the ulnar, median, and radial nerves during ulnar nerve neurodynamic testing: observational cadaveric study.', Phys Ther, 95 891-900 (2015)
DOI 10.2522/ptj.20130536
2015 Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Sterling M, Vicenzino B, 'Determining the effective dose of mobilisation for patients with chronic non-specific neck pain (the dose study)', Physiotherapy, 101 e1414-e1414 (2015)
DOI 10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.1367
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2015 Macdonald-Wicks LK, Gallagher LM, Snodgrass SJ, Guest M, Kable A, James C, et al., 'Difference in perceived knowledge, confidence and attitudes between dietitians and other health professionals in the provision of weight management advice', Nutrition and Dietetics, 72 114-121 (2015)

Aim: The aim of this analysis is to establish if dietitians have the knowledge, skills and attitude to provide support to other health professional (HP) groups in the provision of... [more]

Aim: The aim of this analysis is to establish if dietitians have the knowledge, skills and attitude to provide support to other health professional (HP) groups in the provision of weight management advice to overweight/obese patients. Methods: A secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional survey of HPs was undertaken to perform a gap analysis with regard to practices, knowledge, confidence and attitudes in the provision of weight management advice. Survey responses and additional measures (practice, knowledge, confidence and attitude scores) were compared between dietitians and other HPs. Descriptive statistics were undertaken, and differences between group ¿2 tests were performed for nominal data and the Wilcoxon rank sum test for ordinal and non-parametric data. Results: About 100% of dietitians had received initial weight management training and 85% had participated in professional development training, compared with 18 and 19% of HPs, respectively, although 70% believed it was within their scope of practice to provide evidence-based advice. Dietitian respondents achieved a higher median score (maximum 10) in the following areas (practice = 6.5, knowledge = 8.0, confidence = 8.3) when compared with HP respondents (practice = 4.2, knowledge = 7.0, confidence = 5.4). The median attitude score for both groups was 6.0. Conclusions: HPs are receptive to providing evidence-based weight loss messages to overweight/obese clients in their current practice. However, weight management training is required to enhance HPs' knowledge and skills in order to increase confidence and improve practice skills. Dietitians can assist HPs to ensure that clear, consistent, evidence-based messages are delivered to overweight clients throughout the health-care system.

DOI 10.1111/1747-0080.12115
Co-authors Ron Plotnikoff, Ashley Kable, Clare Collins, Samantha Ashby, Carole James
2015 Knox GM, Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, 'Physiotherapy clinical educators' perceptions and experiences of clinical prediction rules', Physiotherapy (United Kingdom), (2015)

Objectives: Clinical prediction rules (CPRs) are widely used in medicine, but their application to physiotherapy practice is more recent and less widespread, and their implementat... [more]

Objectives: Clinical prediction rules (CPRs) are widely used in medicine, but their application to physiotherapy practice is more recent and less widespread, and their implementation in physiotherapy clinical education has not been investigated. This study aimed to determine the experiences and perceptions of physiotherapy clinical educators regarding CPRs, and whether they are teaching CPRs to students on clinical placement. Design: Cross-sectional observational survey using a modified Dillman method. Participants: Clinical educators (n = 211, response rate 81%) supervising physiotherapy students from 10 universities across 5 states and territories in Australia. Results: Half (48%) of respondents had never heard of CPRs, and a further 25% had never used CPRs. Only 27% reported using CPRs, and of these half (51%) were rarely if ever teaching CPRs to students in the clinical setting. However most respondents (81%) believed CPRs assisted in the development of clinical reasoning skills and few (9%) were opposed to teaching CPRs to students. Users of CPRs were more likely to be male (p <. 0.001), have post-professional qualifications (p = 0.020), work in private practice (p <. 0.001), and work in the area of musculoskeletal physiotherapy (p <. 0.001) compared with non-users. The CPRs most commonly known, used and taught were the Ottawa Ankle Rule, the Ottawa Knee Rule, and Wells' Rule for Deep Vein Thrombosis. Conclusions: Students are unlikely to be learning about CPRs on clinical placement, as few clinical educators use them. Clinical educators will require training in CPRs and assistance in teaching them if students are to better learn about implementing CPRs in physiotherapy clinical practice.

DOI 10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.001
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2015 Macdonald-Wicks LK, Gallagher LM, Snodgrass SJ, Guest M, Kable A, James C, et al., 'Difference in perceived knowledge, confidence and attitudes between dietitians and other health professionals in the provision of weight management advice', Nutrition and Dietetics, 72 114-121 (2015)

Aim: The aim of this analysis is to establish if dietitians have the knowledge, skills and attitude to provide support to other health professional (HP) groups in the provision of... [more]

Aim: The aim of this analysis is to establish if dietitians have the knowledge, skills and attitude to provide support to other health professional (HP) groups in the provision of weight management advice to overweight/obese patients. Methods: A secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional survey of HPs was undertaken to perform a gap analysis with regard to practices, knowledge, confidence and attitudes in the provision of weight management advice. Survey responses and additional measures (practice, knowledge, confidence and attitude scores) were compared between dietitians and other HPs. Descriptive statistics were undertaken, and differences between group ¿2 tests were performed for nominal data and the Wilcoxon rank sum test for ordinal and non-parametric data. Results: About 100% of dietitians had received initial weight management training and 85% had participated in professional development training, compared with 18 and 19% of HPs, respectively, although 70% believed it was within their scope of practice to provide evidence-based advice. Dietitian respondents achieved a higher median score (maximum 10) in the following areas (practice = 6.5, knowledge = 8.0, confidence = 8.3) when compared with HP respondents (practice = 4.2, knowledge = 7.0, confidence = 5.4). The median attitude score for both groups was 6.0. Conclusions: HPs are receptive to providing evidence-based weight loss messages to overweight/obese clients in their current practice. However, weight management training is required to enhance HPs' knowledge and skills in order to increase confidence and improve practice skills. Dietitians can assist HPs to ensure that clear, consistent, evidence-based messages are delivered to overweight clients throughout the health-care system.

DOI 10.1111/1747-0080.12115
Co-authors Ron Plotnikoff, Samantha Ashby, Clare Collins, Carole James, Ashley Kable
2014 Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Sterling M, Vicenzino B, 'Dose optimization for spinal treatment effectiveness: a randomized controlled trial investigating the effects of high and low mobilization forces in patients with neck pain.', J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 44 141-152 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.2519/jospt.2014.4778
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2014 Snodgrass SJ, Carter AE, Guest M, Collins CE, James C, Kable AK, et al., 'Weight management including dietary and physical activity advice provided by Australian physiotherapists: a pilot cross-sectional survey.', Physiother Theory Pract, 30 409-420 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.3109/09593985.2013.877112
Co-authors Clare Collins, Ron Plotnikoff, Carole James, Samantha Ashby, Ashley Kable
2014 Snodgrass SJ, Cleland JA, Haskins R, Rivett DA, 'The clinical utility of cervical range of motion in diagnosis, prognosis, and evaluating the effects of manipulation: A systematic review', Physiotherapy (United Kingdom), 100 290-304 (2014)
DOI 10.1016/j.physio.2014.04.007
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2014 Snodgrass SJ, Cleland JA, Haskins R, Rivett DA, 'The clinical utility of cervical range of motion in diagnosis, prognosis, and evaluating the effects of manipulation: A systematic review', Physiotherapy (United Kingdom), 100 290-304 (2014) [C1]

Background: Clinicians commonly assess cervical range of motion (ROM), but it has rarely been critically evaluated for its ability to contribute to patient diagnosis or prognosis,... [more]

Background: Clinicians commonly assess cervical range of motion (ROM), but it has rarely been critically evaluated for its ability to contribute to patient diagnosis or prognosis, or whether it is affected by mobilisation/manipulation. Objectives: This review summarises the methods used to measure cervical ROM in research involving patients with cervical spine disorders, reviews the evidence for using cervical ROM in patient diagnosis, prognosis, and evaluation of the effects of mobilisation/manipulation on cervical ROM. Data sources and study selection: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED and ICL databases was conducted, addressing one of four constructs related to cervical ROM: measurement, diagnosis, prognosis, and the effects of mobilisation/manipulation on cervical ROM. Study appraisal and synthesis: Two independent raters appraised methodological quality using the QUADAS-2 tool for diagnostic studies, the QUIPS tool for prognostic studies and the PEDro scale for interventional studies. Heterogeneity of studies prevented meta-analysis. Results: Thirty-six studies met the criteria and findings showed there is limited evidence for the diagnostic value of cervical ROM in cervicogenic headache, cervical radiculopathy and cervical spine injury. There is conflicting evidence for the prognostic value of cervical ROM, though restricted ROM appears associated with negative outcomes while greater ROM is associated with positive outcomes. There is conflicting evidence as to whether cervical ROM increases or decreases following mobilisation/manipulation. Conclusion and implications of key findings: Cervical ROM has value as one component of assessment, but clinicians should be cautious about making clinical judgments primarily on the basis of cervical ROM. Funding: This collaboration was supported by an internal grant from the Faculty of Health, The University of Newcastle.

DOI 10.1016/j.physio.2014.04.007
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2014 Summers KM, Snodgrass SJ, Callister R, 'Predictors of Calf Cramping in Rugby League', JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 28 774-783 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31829f360c
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Robin Callister
2014 Snodgrass SJ, Heneghan NR, Tsao H, Stanwell PT, Rivett DA, Van Vliet PM, 'Recognising neuroplasticity in musculoskeletal rehabilitation: A basis for greater collaboration between musculoskeletal and neurological physiotherapists', Manual Therapy, 19 614-617 (2014)
DOI 10.1016/j.math.2014.01.006
Co-authors Peter Stanwell, Paulette Vanvliet, Darren Rivett
2014 Snodgrass SJ, Heneghan NR, Tsao H, Stanwell PT, Rivett DA, Van Vliet PM, 'Recognising neuroplasticity in musculoskeletal rehabilitation: A basis for greater collaboration between musculoskeletal and neurological physiotherapists', Manual Therapy, 19 614-617 (2014) [C3]

Evidence is emerging for central nervous system (CNS) changes in the presence of musculoskeletal dysfunction and pain. Motor control exercises, and potentially manual therapy, can... [more]

Evidence is emerging for central nervous system (CNS) changes in the presence of musculoskeletal dysfunction and pain. Motor control exercises, and potentially manual therapy, can induce changes in the CNS, yet the focus in musculoskeletal physiotherapy practice is conventionally on movement impairments with less consideration of intervention-induced neuroplastic changes. Studies in healthy individuals and those with neurological dysfunction provide examples of strategies that may also be used to enhance neuroplasticity during the rehabilitation of individuals with musculoskeletal dysfunction, improving the effectiveness of interventions. In this paper, the evidence for neuroplastic changes in patients with musculoskeletal conditions is discussed. The authors compare and contrast neurological and musculoskeletal physiotherapy clinical paradigms in the context of the motor learning principles of experience-dependent plasticity: part and whole practice, repetition, task-specificity and feedback that induces an external focus of attention in the learner. It is proposed that increased collaboration between neurological and musculoskeletal physiotherapists and researchers will facilitate new discoveries on the neurophysiological mechanisms underpinning sensorimotor changes in patients with musculoskeletal dysfunction. This may lead to greater integration of strategies to enhance neuroplasticity in patients treated in musculoskeletal physiotherapy practice.

DOI 10.1016/j.math.2014.01.006
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 4
Co-authors Paulette Vanvliet, Darren Rivett, Peter Stanwell
2014 Macdonald-Wicks LK, Gallagher LM, Snodgrass SJ, Guest M, Kable A, James C, et al., 'Difference in perceived knowledge, confidence and attitudes between dietitians and other health professionals in the provision of weight management advice', Nutrition and Dietetics, (2014)

Aim: The aim of this analysis is to establish if dietitians have the knowledge, skills and attitude to provide support to other health professional (HP) groups in the provision of... [more]

Aim: The aim of this analysis is to establish if dietitians have the knowledge, skills and attitude to provide support to other health professional (HP) groups in the provision of weight management advice to overweight/obese patients. Methods: A secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional survey of HPs was undertaken to perform a gap analysis with regard to practices, knowledge, confidence and attitudes in the provision of weight management advice. Survey responses and additional measures (practice, knowledge, confidence and attitude scores) were compared between dietitians and other HPs. Descriptive statistics were undertaken, and differences between group ¿2 tests were performed for nominal data and the Wilcoxon rank sum test for ordinal and non-parametric data. Results: About 100% of dietitians had received initial weight management training and 85% had participated in professional development training, compared with 18 and 19% of HPs, respectively, although 70% believed it was within their scope of practice to provide evidence-based advice. Dietitian respondents achieved a higher median score (maximum 10) in the following areas (practice = 6.5, knowledge = 8.0, confidence = 8.3) when compared with HP respondents (practice = 4.2, knowledge = 7.0, confidence = 5.4). The median attitude score for both groups was 6.0. Conclusions: HPs are receptive to providing evidence-based weight loss messages to overweight/obese clients in their current practice. However, weight management training is required to enhance HPs' knowledge and skills in order to increase confidence and improve practice skills. Dietitians can assist HPs to ensure that clear, consistent, evidence-based messages are delivered to overweight clients throughout the health-care system. © 2014 Dietitians Association of Australia.

DOI 10.1111/1747-0080.12115
Co-authors Clare Collins, Ron Plotnikoff, Samantha Ashby, Carole James, Ashley Kable
2014 Snodgrass SJ, Ashby SE, Rivett DA, Russell T, 'Implementation of an electronic Objective Structured Clinical Exam for assessing practical skills in pre-professional physiotherapy and occupational therapy programs: Examiner and course coordinator perspectives', AUSTRALASIAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, 30 152-166 (2014) [C1]
Co-authors Darren Rivett, Samantha Ashby
2014 Snodgrass SM, Ashby SE, Onyango L, Russell T, Rivett DA, 'Electronic practical skills assessments in the health professions: a review', The Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice, 12 1-10 (2014) [C1]
Co-authors Darren Rivett, Samantha Ashby
2013 Manvell JJ, Manvell N, Snodgrass SJ, Reid SA, 'Improving the radial nerve neurodynamic test: An observation of tension of the radial, median and ulnar nerves during upper limb positioning', Manual Therapy, (2013)

The radial nerve neurodynamic test (ULNT2b), used to implicate symptoms arising from the radial nerve, is proposed to selectively increase strain of the nerve without increasing s... [more]

The radial nerve neurodynamic test (ULNT2b), used to implicate symptoms arising from the radial nerve, is proposed to selectively increase strain of the nerve without increasing strain of adjacent tissue, though this has not been established. This study aimed to determine the upper limb position that results in: (1) the greatest tension of the radial nerve and (2) the greatest difference in tension between the radial nerve and the other two major nerves of the upper limb: median and ulnar. Tension (N) of the radial, median and ulnar nerves was measured simultaneously using three buckle force transducers during seven upper limb positions in the axilla of ten embalmed whole body human cadavers (n=20 limbs). Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Bonferroni post-hoc tests determined differences in tension between nerves and between limb positions. A Composite position consisting of ULNT2b (scapular depression, shoulder internal rotation, elbow extension, forearm pronation, wrist flexion) with the addition of shoulder abduction 40° and extension 25°, wrist ulnar deviation and thumb flexion demonstrated significantly greater tension of the radial nerve than any other tested position (mean tension 11.32N; 95% CI 10.25, 12.29, p<0.01), including ULNT2b (2.20N; 1.84, 2.57; p<0.01). Additionally, the Composite position demonstrated the greatest difference in tension between the radial and median (mean difference 4.88N; 95% CI 3.16, 6.61; p<0.01) and radial and ulnar nerves (9.26N, 7.54, 10.99; p<0.01). This position constitutes a biomechanically plausible test to detect neuropathic pain related to the radial nerve.

DOI 10.1016/j.math.2015.03.007
2013 Lang J, James C, Ashby S, Plotnifkoff R, Guest M, Kable A, et al., 'The provision of weight management advice: An investigation into occupational therapy practice', Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 60 387-394 (2013) [C1]

Background/aim: Obesity affects more than half the Australian population and has become epidemic throughout the world. Little is known regarding occupational therapy interventions... [more]

Background/aim: Obesity affects more than half the Australian population and has become epidemic throughout the world. Little is known regarding occupational therapy interventions with clients who are overweight or obese. This study aimed to identify occupational therapy practice in relation to the provision of weight management. This was part of a larger study investigating health professional practice. Methods: A cross-sectional study design using a self-administered, purpose-designed survey was employed to identify the current practices of occupational therapists working in a regional area of New South Wales, Australia. Participants were recruited via email or mail as publically available. Results: Fifty-one occupational therapists anonymously completed the survey. Results revealed that 53% (n = 26) of respondents did not consider weight management to be within their scope of practice or their workplace role description. The most common intervention was the provision of physical activity advice (65.2%; n = 30). Dietary advice was provided by 20.8% (n = 10), while 77% (n = 32) referred onto dietitian services. During entry-level occupational therapy education, only 7.8% (n = 4) had received weight management advice education. Completion of postgraduate professional development training in this area was reported by 14% (n = 7) of respondents. Conclusion: This study provides insight into the current practices of Australian occupational therapists in relation to the provision of weight management advice. This research displays a need to acknowledge both a generic and a discipline-specific role for the provision of healthy lifestyle interventions. This may be achieved through better access to education during entry-level programmes and in the workplace. © 2013 Occupational Therapy Australia.

DOI 10.1111/1440-1630.12073
Co-authors Samantha Ashby, Carole James, Ron Plotnikoff, Clare Collins, Ashley Kable
2013 Sturmberg C, Marquez J, Heneghan N, Snodgrass S, van Vliet P, 'Attentional focus of feedback and instructions in the treatment of musculoskeletal dysfunction: A systematic review', MANUAL THERAPY, 18 458-467 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.math.2013.07.002
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Paulette Vanvliet
2013 Melino NL, James C, Snodgrass SJ, 'The effect of load in a floor-to-bench lift during the WorkHab Functional Capacity Evaluation', Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, ePub (2013)
DOI 10.3233/WOR-131698
Co-authors Carole James
2012 Snodgrass SJ, Odelli RA, 'Objective concurrent feedback on force parameters improves performance of lumbar mobilisation, but skill retention declines rapidly', Physiotherapy, 98 47-56 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
2012 Sheaves EG, Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, 'Learning lumbar spine mobilization: The effects of frequency and self-control of feedback', Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 42 114-121 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 1
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2012 Snodgrass SJ, Haskins R, Rivett DA, 'A structured review of spinal stiffness as a kinesiological outcome of manipulation: Its measurement and utility in diagnosis, prognosis and treatment decision-making', Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 22 708-723 (2012) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.04.015
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 4
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2012 Snodgrass SJ, Rhodes HR, 'Cervical spine posteroanterior stiffness differs with neck position', Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 22 829-834 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 2
2012 Allen JL, James CL, Snodgrass SJ, 'The effect of load on biomechanics during an overhead lift in the WorkHab Functional Capacity Evaluation', Work: a journal of prevention, assessment & rehabilitation, 43 487-496 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 3
Co-authors Carole James
2012 Ashby SE, James CL, Plotnikoff RC, Collins CE, Guest M, Kable AK, Snodgrass SJ, 'Survey of Australian practitioners' provision of healthy lifestyle advice to clients who are obese', Nursing & Health Sciences, 14 189-196 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 6Web of Science - 6
Co-authors Ron Plotnikoff, Clare Collins, Carole James, Samantha Ashby, Ashley Kable
2011 Hunter AJ, Snodgrass SN, Quain D, Parsons MW, Levi CR, 'HOBOE (head-of-bed optimization of elevation) study: Association of higher angle with reduced cerebral blood flow velocity in acute ischemic stroke', Physical Therapy, 91 1503-1512 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.2522/ptj.20100271
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 5
Co-authors Chris Levi, Mark Parsons
2011 Snodgrass SN, 'Wiki activities in blended learning for health professional students: Enhancing critical thinking and clinical reasoning skills', Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 27 563-580 (2011) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 8Web of Science - 6
2011 Burrows TL, Findlay NA, Killen CG, Dempsey SE, Hunter S, Chiarelli PE, Snodgrass SN, 'Using nominal group technique to develop a consensus derived model for peer review of teaching across a multi-school faculty', Journal of University Teaching & Learning Practice, 8 1-9 (2011) [C1]
Co-authors Shane Dempsey, Pauline Chiarelli, Sharyn Hunter
2011 Snodgrass SN, 'Posteroanterior thoracic spinal stiffness does not change after manipulation in asymptomatic subjects: Authors reply', Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies, 16 153-154 (2011) [C3]
2010 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, Stojanovski E, 'Cervical spine mobilisation forces applied by physiotherapy students', Physiotherapy, 96 120-129 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.physio.2009.08.008
Citations Scopus - 13Web of Science - 8
Co-authors Darren Rivett, Elizabeth Stojanovski
2010 Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, Stojanovski E, 'A comparison of cervical spine mobilization forces applied by experienced and novice physiotherapists', Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 40 392-401 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.2519/jospt.2010.3274
Citations Scopus - 13Web of Science - 9
Co-authors Darren Rivett, Elizabeth Stojanovski
2010 Campbell BD, Snodgrass SN, 'The effects of thoracic manipulation on posteroanterior spinal stiffness', Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 40 685-693 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.2519/jospt.2010.3271
Citations Scopus - 15Web of Science - 11
2010 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, Stojanovski E, 'Real-time feedback improves accuracy of manually applied forces during cervical spine mobilisation', Manual Therapy, 15 19-25 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.math.2009.05.011
Citations Scopus - 14Web of Science - 8
Co-authors Elizabeth Stojanovski, Darren Rivett
2010 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, 'Real-time feedback in manual therapy training', Focus on Health Professional Education, 12 86-89 (2010) [C3]
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2010 Surjan Y, Chiarelli PE, Dempsey SE, Lyall DG, O'Toole G, Snodgrass SN, Tessier JW, 'The experience of implementing an interprofessional first year course for undergraduate health science students: The value of acting on student feedback', Journal of University Teaching and Learning Practice, 7 1-17 (2010) [C1]
Co-authors Pauline Chiarelli, Shane Dempsey
2009 Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, Stojanovski E, 'Forces applied to the cervical spine during posteroanterior mobilization', Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 32 72-83 (2009) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.jmpt.2008.09.012
Citations Scopus - 25Web of Science - 19
Co-authors Elizabeth Stojanovski, Darren Rivett
2008 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, 'Calibration of an instrumented treatment table for measuring manual therapy forces applied to the cervical spine', Manual Therapy, 13 171-179 (2008) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.math.2007.04.002
Citations Scopus - 10Web of Science - 11
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2008 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, 'Measuring the posteroanterior stiffness of the cervical spine', Manual Therapy, 13 520-528 (2008) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.math.2007.07.007
Citations Scopus - 16Web of Science - 14
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2007 Snodgrass SJ, 'Latest edition of a classic text', Australian Journal of Physiotherapy, 53 292 (2007) [C3]
2007 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, 'Manual forces applied during cervical mobilization', Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 30 17-25 (2007) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.jmpt.2006.11.008
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2006 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, 'Manual forces applied during posterior-to-anterior spinal mobilization: A review of the evidence (Literature review)', Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 29 316-329 (2006) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.jmpt.2006.03.006
Citations Scopus - 31Web of Science - 24
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2005 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Mackenzie LA, 'Perceptions of older people about falls injury prevention and physical activity', Australasian Journal on Ageing, 24 114-118 (2005) [C1]
DOI 10.1111/j.1741-6612.2005.00086.x
Citations Scopus - 14Web of Science - 10
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2003 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Chiarelli PE, Bates A, Rowe LJ, 'Factors related to thumb pain in physiotherapists', Australian Journal of Physiotherapy, 49 243-250 (2003) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 21Web of Science - 16
Co-authors Pauline Chiarelli, Darren Rivett
2002 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, 'Thumb Pain in Physiotherapists: Potential Risk Factors and Proposed Prevention Strategies', The Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, 10 206-217 (2002) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 10
Co-authors Darren Rivett
Show 44 more journal articles

Conference (48 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Freeman P, Miller A, Snodgrass S, Callister R, 'Predisposing risk factors for hamstring and quadriceps strain injury in male football and rugby league players', Physiotherapy (2015)
DOI 10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.2682
Co-authors Andrew Miller, Robin Callister
2015 Snodgrass SNJ, Moghaddas D, Callister R, 'Evaluation of Community Exercise Classes', Physiotherapy: World Confederation for Physical Therapy Congress 2015 Abstracts, Singapore (2015)
Co-authors Robin Callister
2015 Snodgrass SNJ, Knox GM, Rivett DA, 'Clinical Educators' Experiences and Perceptions of Clinical Prediction Rules', Physiotherapy: World Confederation for Physical Therapy Congress 2015 Abstracts, Singapore (2015)
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2015 Snodgrass SNJ, Thompson ER, Osmotherly PG, 'Injuries, Practices and Perceptions of Wheelchair Sports Participants', Physiotherapy: World Confederation for Physical Therapy Congress 2015 Abstracts, Singapore (2015)
Co-authors Peter Osmotherly
2015 Snodgrass SNJ, Knox GM, Stanton TR, Kelly DH, Vicenzino B, Wand BM, Rivett DA, 'Students' Experiences and Perceptions of Clinical Prediction Rules', Physiotherapy: World Confederation for Physical Therapy Congress 2015 Abstracts, Singapore (2015)
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2015 Snodgrass SJ, Ball K, Rivett DA, Ashby SE, Johnston CL, Nguyen K, Russell T, 'The electronically facilitated feedback initiative: enhancing student feedback during clinical supervision using iPad technology', Physiotherapy, Sinagpore (2015)
DOI 10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.1366
Co-authors Darren Rivett, Cath Johnston
2013 Lang J, James C, Ashby S, Kable A, Guest M, Snodgrass S, et al., 'An Investigation into Current Occupational Therapy Practice in the Provision of Weight Management Advice', Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, Adelaide (2013) [E3]
Co-authors Ashley Kable, Carole James, Samantha Ashby, Clare Collins, Ron Plotnikoff
2013 Snodgrass SJ, Ball K, Rivett DA, Ashby SE, Johnston CL, Nguyen K, Russell T, 'Using technology to enhance clinical supervision: The Electronically-Facilitated Feedback Initiative (EFFI)', Hunter and Coast Interdisciplinary Clinical Training Network Local Project Forum. Abstract Book, Newcastle (2013) [E3]
Co-authors Samantha Ashby, Cath Johnston, Darren Rivett
2013 Snodgrass SJ, Ball K, Rivett DA, Ashby SE, Johnston CL, Nguyen K, Russell T, 'Using technology to enhance clinical supervision: The Electronically-Facilitated Feedback Initiative (EFFI)', Journal of Physiotherapy eSupplement 2013 APA Conference Abstracts, Melbourne, Australia (2013) [E3]
Co-authors Samantha Ashby, Cath Johnston, Darren Rivett
2013 Carter A, Snodgrass SJ, Guest M, 'The provision of weight management and healthy lifestyle advice by physical therapists', Journal of Physiotherapy eSupplement 2013 APA Conference Abstracts, Melbourne (2013) [E3]
2013 Manvell J, Thompson N, Snodgrass SJ, Reid SR, 'Upper limb neurodynamic testing: an observation of median, radial and ulnar nerve strain during variations of upper limb positioning', Journal of Physiotherapy eSupplement 2013 APA Conference Abstracts, Melbourne (2013) [E3]
2013 Snodgrass SJ, Freeman PA, MIller A, Callister R, 'Risk factors for hamstring and quadriceps strain injury in soccer and rugby league players', Journal of Physiotherapy eSupplement 2013 APA Conference Abstracts, Melbourne (2013) [E3]
Co-authors Robin Callister, Andrew Miller
2013 Sturmberg C, Marquez J, Heneghan N, Snodgrass SJ, van Vliet P, 'Attentional focus in motor learning for musculoskeletal dysfunction: A systematic review', Journal of Physiotherapy eSupplement 2013 APA Conference Abstracts, Melbourne (2013) [E3]
Co-authors Paulette Vanvliet
2013 Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Sterling M, Vicenzino B, 'Investigation of the effective dose of mobilisation for patients with chronic non-specific neck pain (The DOSE Study)', Journal of Physiotherapy eSupplement 2013 APA Conference Abstracts, Melbourne (2013) [E3]
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2013 Harrison JL, Osmotherly PG, Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Reid S, 'The relationship between cervical spine anthropometrics, range of movement and strength in elite rugby players', Proceeding of the Australian Physiotherapy Association Conference 2013, Melbourne (2013) [E3]
Co-authors Peter Osmotherly, Darren Rivett
2013 Ashby S, Snodgrass S, Russell T, Rivett DA, 'Using new technology in education - turning osces into e-osces using ipad and specialised software', Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, Special Issue: Occupational Therapy Australia, 25th National Conference and Exhibition (2013) [E3]
DOI 10.1111/1440-1630.12061
Co-authors Samantha Ashby, Darren Rivett
2013 Freeman PA, Miller A, Snodgrass SJ, Callister R, 'Predisposing risk factors for hamstring and quadriceps strain injury in male soccer and rugby league players', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Phuket, Thailand (2013) [E3]
Co-authors Robin Callister, Andrew Miller
2012 Snodgrass SJ, Russel T, Ashby SE, Rivett DA, 'New tricks using new technology ¿ turning OSCEs into e-OSCEs using iPad and specialised software', Australian Physiotherapy Association National Business and Leadership Symposium, Adelaide, SA (2012) [E3]
Co-authors Samantha Ashby, Darren Rivett
2012 Manvell J, Thompson N, Snodgrass SJ, Reid S, 'Improving the mechanical validity of radial and ulnar nerve neurodynamic testing: An observation of strain during upper limb positioning', Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, Quebec City, Canada (2012) [E3]
2012 Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Ingram L, 'A pilot study comparing cervical spine stiffness in patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain and asymptomatic individuals', Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, Quebec City, Canada (2012) [E3]
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2012 Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Vicenzino B, 'Dose optimization for spinal treatment effectiveness (The DOSE Study): Higher applied mobilization force associated with reduced pain and spinal stiffness in patients with chronic neck pain', Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, Quebec City, Canada (2012) [E3]
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2011 Hunter AJ, Snodgrass SN, Quain DA, Parsons MW, Levi CR, 'Orthostatic variation in transcranial Doppler measured cerebral blood flow velocity 24 hours post acute ischaemic stroke', International Journal of Stroke, Adelaide, SA (2011) [E3]
Co-authors Chris Levi, Mark Parsons
2011 Callister R, Evans K, Snodgrass SJ, 'Poor balance is a risk factor for noncontact ankle injuries in amateur male football players', 16th Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science, Liverpool, UK (2011) [E3]
Co-authors Robin Callister
2011 Collins CE, Snodgrass SN, Kable AK, James CL, Ashby SE, Plotnikoff RC, 'The Community Healthy Adults Project: A survey of health professionals knowledge and practice in client weight management', 2011 Annual Meeting of the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA) eProceedings, Melbourne, VIC (2011) [E3]
Co-authors Clare Collins, Carole James, Samantha Ashby, Ron Plotnikoff, Ashley Kable
2011 Sheaves EG, Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, 'Learning lumbar spine mobilisation: the effects of frequency and self-control of real-time objective feedback', APA Physiotherapy Conference 2011 Abstract Presentations, Brisbane (2011) [E3]
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2011 Evans KL, Snodgrass SN, Callister R, 'Risk factors for noncontact ankle injuries in amateur male soccer players', APA Physiotherapy Conference 2011 Abstract Presentations, Brisbane (2011) [E3]
Co-authors Robin Callister
2011 Summers K, Snodgrass SN, Callister R, Drew M, 'An initial prospective exploratory investigation to identify predictors of calf cramping in rugby league players', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Perth, WA (2011) [E3]
Co-authors Robin Callister
2010 James CL, Guest M, Snodgrass SN, 'Quantifying risk assessment: Biomechanical analysis of musculoskeletal injury risk in an industrial setting', 15th World Federation of Occupational Therapists Conference, Santiago, Chile (2010) [E3]
Co-authors Carole James
2010 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, Stojanovski E, 'Real-time objective feedback during cervical spine passive joint mobilization increases consistency of manually applied forces', Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, San Diego, USA (2010) [E3]
Co-authors Darren Rivett, Elizabeth Stojanovski
2009 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, Stojanovski E, 'Students apply more accurate cervical mobilisation forces when provided with real-time objective feedback', APA Conference Week Abstracts, Sydney, NSW (2009) [E3]
Co-authors Elizabeth Stojanovski, Darren Rivett
2009 Snodgrass SN, Guest M, James CL, Wilkinson R, Viljoen D, 'Comprehensive evidence-based assessment of musculoskeletal injury risk in the industrial setting', APA Conference Week Abstracts, Sydney, NSW (2009) [E3]
Co-authors Carole James
2009 Odelli RA, Snodgrass SN, 'Lumbar mobilisation skill acquisition and retention using objective real-time feedback on three force parameters', APA Conference Week Abstracts, Sydney, NSW (2009) [E3]
2009 Campbell BD, Snodgrass SJ, 'Manipulation decreases thoracic spine stiffness in subjects with stiff spines', APA Conference Week Abstracts, Sydney, NSW (2009) [E3]
2009 Farmer P, Rivett DA, Snodgrass SJ, 'An investigation of the association between C2 spinal alignment and cervicogenic headache.', Australian Journal of Physiotherapy eSupplement 2009 APA Conference Abstracts, Sydney, Australia (2009) [E3]
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2009 James CL, Guy S, Snodgrass SJ, 'The effect of load on kinematics of the waist to shoulder lift during the WorkHab Functional Capacity Evaluation', Inaugural Conference for OT Australia NSW-ACT 2009: Conference Abstract Handbook, Sydney, NSW (2009) [E3]
Co-authors Carole James
2009 Guest M, James CL, Snodgrass SJ, Viljeon D, Wilkinson R, 'A novel evidence-based risk assessment tool for quantifying musculoskeletal injury risk', NSW Minerals Council Occupational Health and Safety Conference, Hunter Valley, NSW (2009) [E3]
Co-authors Carole James
2009 James CL, Guest M, Snodgrass SN, Wilkinson R, Viljoen D, 'Biomechanical analysis of musculoskeletal injury risk in an industrial setting', Queensland Safety Conference 2009, Brisbane, QLD (2009) [E3]
Co-authors Carole James
2008 Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, Stojanovski E, 'Accuracy of applied forces during cervical mobilisation improves with real-time objective feedback', 9th Congress of the International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Therapists (IFOMT) Abstracts CD., Rotterdam, The Netherlands (2008) [E3]
Co-authors Elizabeth Stojanovski, Darren Rivett
2008 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, Stojanovski E, 'Measurement of manual forces applied by physiotherapy students learning cervical spine mobilisation skills', 9th Congress of the International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Therapists (IFOMT). Abstracts, Rotterdam, The Netherlands (2008) [E3]
Co-authors Elizabeth Stojanovski, Darren Rivett
2008 Snodgrass SN, Rhodes HR, 'The effect of neck position on cervical spine stiffness', AAOMPT 2009 Annual Conference. Abstracts, Seattle, USA (2008) [E3]
2008 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, Stojanovski E, 'Innovative technology accelerates learning of hands-on physiotherapy treatment skills', ANZAME Conference 2008. Conference Program, Abstracts and Papers, Sydney, NSW (2008) [E3]
Co-authors Elizabeth Stojanovski, Darren Rivett
2008 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, Stojanovski E, 'Differences in cervical mobilisation force application between students and physiotherapists: Implications for teaching manual therapy skills', Australian Journal of Physiotherapy: eSupplements, Cairns, QLD (2008) [E3]
Co-authors Darren Rivett, Elizabeth Stojanovski
2007 Snodgrass SN, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, Stojanovski E, 'Factors associated with manual forces applied during cervical mobilization', Physiotherapy (World Physical Therapy 2007 - Abstracts), Vancouver, Canada (2007) [E3]
DOI 10.1016/j.jmpt.2006.11.008
Citations Scopus - 11Web of Science - 8
Co-authors Elizabeth Stojanovski, Darren Rivett
2006 Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, 'Manual Forces Applied by Physical Therapists During Cervical Mobilization', The Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy Abstracts: AAOMPT Conference, 2006, Charlotte, NC, USA (2006) [E3]
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2005 Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, 'A pilot study investigating the forces physiotherapists apply during posterior-to-anterior mobilisation of the cervical spine', Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia 14th Biennial Conference, Brisbane, Qld (2005)
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2005 Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Robertson VJ, 'Manual forces applied during posterior-to-anterior mobilisation of the cervical spine: a systematic review', Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia 14th Biennial Conference, Brisbane, Qld (2005)
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2004 Snodgrass SN, Mackenzie LA, Rivett DA, 'Falls prevention and physical activity: Perceptions of older people', Falls Prevention in Older People: From Research to Practice, Sydney, Australia (2004) [E1]
Co-authors Darren Rivett
2003 Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA, Chiarelli P, Bates AM, Rowe LJ, 'Factors related to thumb pain in physiotherapists', Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia 13th Biennial Conference, Sydney, NSW (2003)
Co-authors Pauline Chiarelli, Darren Rivett
Show 45 more conferences

Report (2 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2013 Nesbitt KV, Snodgrass S, Tilbrook M, 'Adapting game interfaces to measure neck movements in a clinical physiotherapy application', NA, 16 (2013)
Co-authors Keith Nesbitt
2013 Snodgrass S, Russell T, Rivett D, Ashby S, McLachlan L, Studdert CL, 'The eOSCE: advancing technology to improve students' learning and assessment reliability', Office of Learning and Teaching (OLT), 38 (2013) [R1]
Co-authors Samantha Ashby, Darren Rivett
Edit

Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 20
Total funding $462,723

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20151 grants / $2,000

World Congress on Physical Therapy, Singapore, 1-4 May 2015$2,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Health and Medicine

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Health and Medicine
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2015
GNo G1500335
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20142 grants / $95,000

Establishment of a chronic neck pain research program for the investigation of neural and kinematic biomarkers as new targets for treatment$75,000

Funding body: Ramaciotti Foundations

Funding body Ramaciotti Foundations
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass, Associate Professor Peter Stanwell, Professor Paulette Van Vliet, Professor Darren Rivett, Doctor Patrick McElduff
Scheme Establishment Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1300857
Type Of Funding Grant - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFG
UON Y

Pilot study to discover neural and kinematic biomarkers in chronic non-specific neck pain that provide biological evidence for patient outcomes following chiropractic care$20,000

Funding body: Australian Spinal Research Foundation

Funding body Australian Spinal Research Foundation
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass, Professor Darren Rivett, Associate Professor Philip Bolton, Associate Professor Peter Stanwell, Doctor Patrick McElduff
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1300738
Type Of Funding Grant - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFG
UON Y

20132 grants / $34,177

Using technology to enhance clinical supervision: The Electronically-Facilitated Feedback Initiative (EEFI)$33,322

Funding body: HETI (Health Education and Training Institute)

Funding body HETI (Health Education and Training Institute)
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass, Professor Darren Rivett, Doctor Samantha Ashby, Doctor Catherine Johnston, Mr Kim Nguyen, Dr Trevor Russell
Scheme NSW ICTN Local Project Fund
Role Lead
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2013
GNo G1201150
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - State
Category 2OPS
UON Y

Australian Physiotherapy Association Conference, Melbourne 17-20 Oct 13.$855

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Health and Medicine

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Health and Medicine
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2013
Funding Finish 2013
GNo G1301021
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20121 grants / $2,000

IFOMPT 2012, the World Congress of Manual/Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy, Convention Centre 30 September - 5 October 2012$2,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Health and Medicine

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Health and Medicine
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2012
GNo G1200600
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20114 grants / $69,651

Adult lifestyle incentives for vitality and energy (ALIVE): Supporting health professionals to assist clients with weight management through lifestyle changes$20,000

Funding body: Hunter Medical Research Institute

Funding body Hunter Medical Research Institute
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass, Professor Clare Collins, Associate Professor Carole James, Associate Professor Ashley Kable, Doctor Maya Guest, Doctor Samantha Ashby, Professor Ronald Plotnikoff, Doctor Patrick McElduff
Scheme Project Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2011
Funding Finish 2011
GNo G1001025
Type Of Funding Contract - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFC
UON Y

Injuries, practices and perceptions of wheelchair sports participants in NSW$19,912

Funding body: NSW Sporting Injuries Committee

Funding body NSW Sporting Injuries Committee
Project Team Professor Darren Rivett, Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass, Doctor Peter Osmotherly, Mr ROBIN Haskins
Scheme Research & Injury Prevention Scheme
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2011
Funding Finish 2011
GNo G1100776
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - State
Category 2OPS
UON Y

Physical characteristics predisposing rugby players to neck injuries: A replicable model for acceleration/contact sport$19,740

Funding body: NSW Sporting Injuries Committee

Funding body NSW Sporting Injuries Committee
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass, Professor Darren Rivett, Doctor Peter Osmotherly, Mrs Susan Reid
Scheme Research & Injury Prevention Scheme
Role Lead
Funding Start 2011
Funding Finish 2011
GNo G1100796
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - State
Category 2OPS
UON Y

Dose Optimisation for Spinal Treatment Effectiveness (The Dose Study): A randomised controlled pilot trial investigating the effects of high and low mobilisation forces in patients with neck pain$9,999

Funding body: Physiotherapy Research Foundation

Funding body Physiotherapy Research Foundation
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass, Professor Darren Rivett
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2011
Funding Finish 2011
GNo G1000952
Type Of Funding Grant - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFG
UON Y

20102 grants / $222,000

The eOSCE: Advancing technology to improve students learning and assessment reliability$220,000

Funding body: Australian Learning and Teaching Council

Funding body Australian Learning and Teaching Council
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass, Professor Darren Rivett, Doctor Imelda Burgman, Doctor Samantha Ashby
Scheme Research Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2010
Funding Finish 2010
GNo G1000787
Type Of Funding Other Public Sector - Commonwealth
Category 2OPC
UON Y

American Physical Therapy Association Combined Sections Meeting 2010, San Diego Convention Center, San Diego, CA, USA, 17 - 20 February 2010$2,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Health and Medicine

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Health and Medicine
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2010
Funding Finish 2010
GNo G1000388
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20082 grants / $16,146

Hydro Aluminium Biomechanical Study of the Carbon Plant$14,446

Funding body: Newcastle Innovation

Funding body Newcastle Innovation
Project Team Doctor Maya Guest, Associate Professor Carole James, Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass
Scheme Administered Research
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2008
Funding Finish 2008
GNo G0189032
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

9th Congress of the International Federation of Orthopaedic Manual Theraposts, IFOMT2008, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, 8/6/2008 - 13/6/2008$1,700

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2008
Funding Finish 2008
GNo G0188629
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20071 grants / $1,700

World Physical Therapy 2007, 2-6/6/07$1,700

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2007
Funding Finish 2007
GNo G0187407
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20062 grants / $9,500

Cervical spine mobilisation: Investigation of applied forces$8,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass
Scheme Early Career Researcher Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2006
Funding Finish 2006
GNo G0186173
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

12th Annual American Academy of Orthopaedic Manual Physical Therapists Conference, The Westin, Charlotte, NC, USA, 20-22 October 2006$1,500

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2006
Funding Finish 2006
GNo G0186814
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20051 grants / $400

Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia 14th Biennial Conference, 24-26 November 2005$400

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2005
Funding Finish 2005
GNo G0185662
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20042 grants / $10,149

Cervical spine mobilisation: Investigation of applied forces$10,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass
Scheme Early Career Researcher Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2004
Funding Finish 2004
GNo G0184997
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

2004 Australian Falls Prevention Conference, 21-23 November 2004$149

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass
Scheme Travel Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2004
Funding Finish 2004
GNo G0184820
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y
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Research Supervision

Current Supervision

Commenced Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2015 Cervical Proprioception During Functional Tasks in Insidious Onset Neck Pain Patients
Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health and Medicine
Principal Supervisor
2015 Dry Needling for Patients with Neck Pain
Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health and Medicine
Principal Supervisor
2015 Management and Prevention of Running Injuries During the Postpartum Period
Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health and Medicine
Principal Supervisor
2014 Functional Movement and Neuroplasticity in Neck Pain
Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health and Medicine
Co-Supervisor
2014 An Analysis of Injury Databases of Amateur Netball Players
Occupational Health & Safety, Faculty of Health and Medicine
Co-Supervisor
2013 The Relationship Between the Hip Joint and Chronic Non Specific Low Back Pain
Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health and Medicine
Co-Supervisor
2013 The Relationship between the Thoracic Spine and Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
Occupational Health & Safety, Faculty of Health and Medicine
Principal Supervisor
2011 The Flute and the Body: Improving Technique and Wellbeing Through the Body
Music, Faculty of Education and Arts
Co-Supervisor
2009 An Investigation into the Relationship Between Clinical Reasoning and the Use of Clinical Prediction Rules in Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy
Occupational Health & Safety, Faculty of Health and Medicine
Co-Supervisor

Past Supervision

Year Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2015 The Effectiveness of Treatment of Cervicogenic Dizziness with Manual Therapy
Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health and Medicine
Co-Supervisor
2012 The Association between the Static Posture of the Cervical Spine and Cervicogenic Headache
Occupational Health & Safety, Faculty of Health and Medicine
Co-Supervisor
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News

Researchers trialling state-of-the-art analysis for neck pain

July 23, 2015

University of Newcastle researchers are investigating new ways to diagnose and treat patients suffering chronic neck pain, a condition that affects more than 600,000 Australians and costs around $1.14 billion in associated health care.

Associate Professor Suzanne Snodgrass

Position

Associate Professor
School of Health Sciences
Faculty of Health and Medicine

Focus area

Physiotherapy

Contact Details

Email suzanne.snodgrass@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 492 12089
Fax (02) 492 17902

Office

Room HC14
Building Hunter Building
Location Callaghan
University Drive
Callaghan, NSW 2308
Australia
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