Dr Martin Spink


School of Health Sciences (Podiatry)

Career Summary


Research Expertise

Preventing falls and improving balance in older people




  • Doctor of Philosophy, La Trobe University
  • Bachelor of Arts (Honours), University of East Anglia - UK
  • Bachelor of Podiatry, La Trobe University
  • Bachelor of Podiatry (Hons), La Trobe University


  • Falls and balance
  • Podiatry


  • English (Fluent)

Fields of Research

110308Geriatrics and Gerontology30

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

DatesTitleOrganisation / Department
18/01/2015 - LecturerUniversity of Newcastle
School of Health Sciences


For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.

Journal article (12 outputs)

2014Chuter V, Spink M, Searle A, Ho A, 'The effectiveness of shoe insoles for the prevention and treatment of low back pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials', BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 15 1-8 (2014) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 1
Co-authorsVivienne Chuter
2013Menz HB, Spink MJ, Landorf KB, Hill KD, Lord SR, 'Older people's perceptions of a multifaceted podiatric medical intervention to prevent falls', Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 103 457-464 (2013) [C1]

Background: Falls are common in older people and are associated with substantial health-care costs. A recent randomized controlled trial of a multifaceted podiatric medical intervention demonstrated a 36% reduction in the fall rate over 12 months. We evaluated the acceptability of and levels of satisfaction with this intervention in the older people who participated in the trial. Methods: Participants allocated to the intervention group (which included a home-based program of foot and ankle exercises, assistance with the purchase of safe footwear when necessary, and provision of prefabricated foot orthoses) completed a structured questionnaire 6 months after they had received the intervention. The questions addressed participants' perceptions of their balance and foot and ankle strength, the perceived difficulty of the exercise program, and the degree of satisfaction with the footwear and orthoses provided. Results: Of 153 participants, 134 (87.6%) attended the 6-month follow-up assessment and completed the questionnaire. Most participants perceived improvements in balance (62.7%) and foot and ankle strength (74.6%) after 6 months of performing the exercises, and 86.6% considered the difficulty level of the exercises to be "about right." Most participants reported that they were somewhat or very satisfied with the footwear (92.3%) and orthoses (81.6%) provided. Conclusions: The multifaceted podiatric medical intervention used in this trial was generally perceived to be beneficial and demonstrated high levels of satisfaction among participants. Further research is now required to evaluate the feasibility of implementing the intervention in a range of clinical practice settings.

CitationsScopus - 1Web of Science - 1
2013Landorf KB, Morrow A, Spink MJ, Nash CL, Novak A, Potter J, Menz HB, 'Effectiveness of scalpel debridement for painful plantar calluses in older people: a randomized trial', TRIALS, 14 (2013) [C1]
DOI10.1186/1745-6215-14-243Author URL
CitationsScopus - 1Web of Science - 1
2012Menz HB, Spink MJ, 'Visual categorisation of the arch index: a simplified measure of foot posture in older people', Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 5 1-10 (2012) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 5
2011Spink MJ, Fotoohabadi MR, Wee E, Landorf KB, Hill KD, Lord SR, Menz HB, 'Predictors of adherence to a multifaceted podiatry intervention for the prevention of falls in older people', BMC Geriatrics, 11 51-51 (2011) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 5
2011Spink MJ, 'Foot and Ankle Strength, Range of Motion, Posture, and Deformity Are Associated With Balance and Functional Ability in Older Adults', Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92 68-75 (2011) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 15
2011Spink MJ, 'Effectiveness of a multifaceted podiatry intervention to prevent falls in community dwelling older people with disabling foot pain: randomised controlled trial', BMJ: British Medical Journal, 342:d3411 1-8 (2011) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 32
2011Cronkwright DG, Spink MJ, Landorf KB, Menz HB, 'Evaluation of the pressure-redistributing properties of prefabricated foot orthoses in older people after at least 12 months of wear', Gait & Posture, 34 553-557 (2011) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 3
2010Spink MJ, 'Foot and ankle strength assessment using hand-held dynamometry: reliability and age-related differences', Gerontology, 56 525-532 (2010) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 21
2010Menz HB, Fotoohabadi MR, Wee E, Spink MJ, 'Validity of self-assessment of hallux valgus using the Manchester scale', BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 11 215-215 (2010) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 3
2009Spink MJ, Menz HB, Lord SR, 'Distribution and correlates of plantar hyperkeratotic lesions in older people', Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 2 8-8 (2009) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 8
2008Spink MJ, Menz HB, Lord SR, 'Efficacy of a multifaceted podiatry intervention to improve balance and prevent falls in older people: study protocol for a randomised trial', BMC Geriatrics, 8 30-30 (2008) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 12
Show 9 more journal articles

Conference (2 outputs)

2013Smith J, Evans SM, Williams T, Leib D, Spink M, Chuter V, '3D printing: Customised functional anatomical models of the subtalar joint', ANZACA (Australia and New Zealand Association of Clinical Anatomists) 2013 Conference, St Lucia, QLD (2013)
Co-authorsVivienne Chuter
2013Lanting S, Craike P, Spink M, Casey S, Chuter V, 'The reliability of non-invasive neurological examinations in people with diabetes', Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, Sydney, Australia (2013) [E3]
DOI10.1186/1757-1146-6-S1-O6Author URL
Co-authorsPeta Craike, Vivienne Chuter

Grants and Funding


Number of grants2
Total funding$6,995

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.

20151 grants / $2,000

The efficacy of a supervised and a home-based web supported core strengthening program in adults with chronic non-specific low back pain: a randomised controlled trial$2,000

Funding body: Sports Medicine Australia

Funding bodySports Medicine Australia
Project TeamDoctor Xanne Janse De Jonge, Mrs Belinda Thompson, Doctor Viv Chuter, Doctor Martin Spink
SchemeResearch Grant
Funding Start2015
Funding Finish2015
Type Of FundingGrant - Aust Non Government

20131 grants / $4,995

Evaluation of the pressure-redistributing properties of prefabricated foot orthoses in younger adults after at least 12 months wear$4,995

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding bodyUniversity of Newcastle
Project TeamDoctor Martin Spink
SchemeNew Staff Grant
Funding Start2013
Funding Finish2013
Type Of FundingInternal

Research Supervision

Current Supervision

CommencedResearch Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2014A Randomised Controlled Trial Investigating the Effectiveness of Prefabricated Foot Orthoses and Core Muscle Strength Training for People with Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain
Podiatry, Faculty of Health and Medicine
2014The effect of a supervised and a web supported home-based core stability program in adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain
Human Movement, Faculty of Science and Information Technology
2014The Effect of a Stretching Program on Plantar Pressures in People with Diabetes
Podiatry, Faculty of Health and Medicine

Dr Martin Spink


School of Health Sciences
Faculty of Health and Medicine

Focus area


Contact Details

Phone(02) 4349 4418
Fax(02) 4921 6984


RoomBE 122
BuildingOurimbah campus BE