Dr Martin Spink
School of Health Sciences (Podiatry)
- Phone:(02) 4349 4418
Dr. Martin Spink is a Lecturer for the discipline of Podiatry in the Faculty of Medicine and Health. After 15 years in the IT industry as a programmer and project manager, he retrained as a podiatrist and worked in private practice. He completed a PhD in podiatry interventions to prevent falls in older people. His current role involves teaching in all aspects of gerontology and sports podiatry.
Dr. Spink’s research focuses on the assessment of the falls risk and prevention of falls in older people, as well as the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal pathology. He also currently supervises a number of PhD and Honours students undertaking research in these areas.
Dr. Spink’s research expertise includes falls risk assessment and falls prevention, musculoskeletal assessment and rehabilitation and plantar pressure analysis.
Gerontology, especially falls prevention
Musculoskeletal and sports podiatry including musculoskeletal assessment and injury management.
Dr Spink is a member of the Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition at the University of Newcastle.
- Doctor of Philosophy, La Trobe University
- Bachelor of Arts (Honours), University of East Anglia - UK
- Bachelor of Podiatry, La Trobe University
- Bachelor of Podiatry (Hons), La Trobe University
- Falls and balance
- English (Fluent)
Fields of Research
|110308||Geriatrics and Gerontology||30|
|Title||Organisation / Department|
|Lecturer||University of Newcastle
School of Health Sciences
For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.
Journal article (14 outputs)
Chuter VH, Searle A, Spink MJ, 'Flip-flop footwear with a moulded foot-bed for the treatment of foot pain: a randomised controlled trial', BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 17 1-8 (2016) [C1]
Â© 2016 The Author(s).Background: Foot pain is a common problem affecting up to 1 in 5 adults and is known to adversely affect activities of daily living and health related qualit... [more]
Â© 2016 The Author(s).Background: Foot pain is a common problem affecting up to 1 in 5 adults and is known to adversely affect activities of daily living and health related quality of life. Orthopaedic footwear interventions are used as a conservative treatment for foot pain, although adherence is known to be low, in part due to the perception of poor comfort and unattractiveness of the footwear. The objective of this trial was to assess the efficacy of flip-flop style footwear (Foot Bio-TecÂ©) with a moulded foot-bed in reducing foot pain compared to participant's usual footwear. Methods: Two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial using computer generated random allocation schedule at an Australian university podiatry clinic. 108 volunteers with disabling foot pain were enrolled after responding to an advertisement and eligibility screening. Participants were randomly allocated to receive footwear education and moulded flip-flop footwear to wear as much as they were comfortable with for the next 12 weeks (n = 54) or footwear education and instructions to wear their normal footwear for the next 12 weeks (n = 54). Primary outcome was the pain domain of the Foot Health Status Questionnaire (FHSQ). Secondary outcomes were the foot function and general foot health domains of the FHSQ, a visual analogue scale (VAS) for foot pain and perceived comfort of the intervention footwear. Results: Compared to the control group, the moulded flip-flop group showed a significant improvement in the primary outcome measure of the FHSQ pain domain (adjusted mean difference 8.36 points, 95 % CI 5.58 to 13.27, p < 0.01). Statistical and clinically significant differences were observed for the secondary measure of foot pain assessed by a VAS and the FSHQ domains of foot function and general foot health. None of the participants reported any pain or discomfort from the intervention footwear and six (footwear group = 4) were lost to follow up. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that flip-flop footwear with a moulded foot-bed can have a significant effect on foot pain, function and foot health and might be a valuable adjunct therapy for people with foot pain.
Searle A, Spink M, Ho A, Chuter V, 'Exercise interventions for the treatment of chronic low back pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials', Clinical Rehabilitation, 29 1155-1167 (2015) [C1]
Â© The Author(s) 2015.Objective: To determine, for adults with chronic low back pain, which exercise interventions are the most effective at reducing pain compared to other treatm... [more]
Â© The Author(s) 2015.Objective: To determine, for adults with chronic low back pain, which exercise interventions are the most effective at reducing pain compared to other treatments. Data sources: A search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO and The Cochrane Library was conducted up to October 2014. Review methods: Databases were searched for published reports of randomised trials that investigated the treatment of chronic low back pain of non-specific origin with an exercise intervention. Two authors independently reviewed and selected relevant trials. Methodological quality was evaluated using the Downs and Black tool. Results: Forty-five trials met the inclusion criteria and thirty-nine were included in the meta-analysis. Combined meta-analysis revealed significantly lower chronic low back pain with intervention groups using exercise compared to a control group or other treatment group (Standard Mean Deviation (SMD) =-0.32, CI 95% -0.44 to -0.19, P<0.01). Separate exploratory subgroup analysis showed a significant effect for strength/resistance and coordination/stabilisation programs. Conclusions: Our results found a beneficial effect for strength/resistance and coordination/stabilisation exercise programs over other interventions in the treatment of chronic low back pain and that cardiorespiratory and combined exercise programs are ineffective.
Chuter V, Spink M, Searle A, Ho A, 'The effectiveness of shoe insoles for the prevention and treatment of low back pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials', BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 15 1-8 (2014) [C1]
Menz HB, Spink MJ, Landorf KB, Hill KD, Lord SR, 'Older people's perceptions of a multifaceted podiatric medical intervention to prevent falls', Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 103 457-464 (2013) [C1]
Background: Falls are common in older people and are associated with substantial health-care costs. A recent randomized controlled trial of a multifaceted podiatric medical interv... [more]
Background: Falls are common in older people and are associated with substantial health-care costs. A recent randomized controlled trial of a multifaceted podiatric medical intervention demonstrated a 36% reduction in the fall rate over 12 months. We evaluated the acceptability of and levels of satisfaction with this intervention in the older people who participated in the trial. Methods: Participants allocated to the intervention group (which included a home-based program of foot and ankle exercises, assistance with the purchase of safe footwear when necessary, and provision of prefabricated foot orthoses) completed a structured questionnaire 6 months after they had received the intervention. The questions addressed participants' perceptions of their balance and foot and ankle strength, the perceived difficulty of the exercise program, and the degree of satisfaction with the footwear and orthoses provided. Results: Of 153 participants, 134 (87.6%) attended the 6-month follow-up assessment and completed the questionnaire. Most participants perceived improvements in balance (62.7%) and foot and ankle strength (74.6%) after 6 months of performing the exercises, and 86.6% considered the difficulty level of the exercises to be "about right." Most participants reported that they were somewhat or very satisfied with the footwear (92.3%) and orthoses (81.6%) provided. Conclusions: The multifaceted podiatric medical intervention used in this trial was generally perceived to be beneficial and demonstrated high levels of satisfaction among participants. Further research is now required to evaluate the feasibility of implementing the intervention in a range of clinical practice settings.
Landorf KB, Morrow A, Spink MJ, Nash CL, Novak A, Potter J, Menz HB, 'Effectiveness of scalpel debridement for painful plantar calluses in older people: a randomized trial', TRIALS, 14 (2013) [C1]
|Show 11 more journal articles|
Conference (7 outputs)
Sadler SG, Spink M, Ho A, Janse De Jonge X, Chuter V, 'Musculoskeletal risk factors for the development of low back pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis' (2016)
Thompson B, Sadler S, Chuter V, Spink M, Janse de Jonge X, 'Are core stability exercises an effective treatment for nonspecific chronic low back pain? A systematic review with meta-analysis' (2015) [E3]
Spink MJ, Chuter VH, Searle A, 'Flip-flop footwear with a moulded foot-bed for the treatment of foot pain: A randomised controlled trial' (2015) [E3]
Lanting S, Craike P, Spink M, Casey S, Chuter V, 'The reliability of non-invasive neurological examinations in people with diabetes', Journal of Foot and Ankle Research (2013) [E3]
|Show 4 more conferences|
Number of supervisions
Total current UON EFTSL
|Commenced||Level of Study||Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type|
A randomised controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of foot orthotic devices for the treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain
PhD (Podiatry), Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle
The effectiveness of a stretching intervention in lowering plantar pressures related to reduced ankle range of motion in people with diabetes.
PhD (Podiatry), Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle