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Career Summary

Biography

I was awarded an MSc from the London School of Economics in 1994 and a PhD from Cardiff University, UK in 2000. I worked as a lecturer at Cardiff from 1999-2001 and joined the University of Newcastle in late 2001, where I’m currently a senior lecturer in the School of Psychology. My University is ranked number 1 in Australia and number 28 globally among the world’s top 100 universities under 50 years old (Times Higher Education World University Rankings, 2013-2014). My School is ranked in the top 4 of 41 psychology departments in Australia based on its research output (Excellence in Research Australia, 2012).

I have been awarded the Society for Personality and Social Psychology’s (1997) Student Publication Award, the University of Newcastle Vice-Chancellor’s (2011) Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning, and the Australian Government’s Office for Teaching and Learning (2013) Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning.

I have authored 36 major research publications, including 33 journal articles, 2 book chapters, and 1 published conference paper. Over half of my articles have been published in journals that are ranked in the top third of their field based on their impact factor. My work has been cited more than 1,900 times, and I’m ranked in the top 20% of social psychologists based on my publication impact (career-stage e-index compared with 611 North American social psychologists; Nosek et al., 2010).

I am a social psychologist, and my research focuses on social group processes that relate to social identity, stereotyping, prejudice, and social exclusion. Working with Miles Hewstone, I’ve published several highly-cited articles that defend social identity theory against its critics and call for more sophisticated tests of its core hypotheses. In the area of stereotyping, Constantina Badea and I have identified new processes that explain why people perceive members of social groups to be “all the same.” My work on prejudice has been funded by two Discovery Project grants from the Australian Research Council. In the first project, Stefania Paolini, Richard Crisp, and I have identified cognitive and motivational factors that predict prejudice against “category-inconsistent” people such as migrants and counterstereotypical individuals. In the second project, Stefania Paolini, Jake Harwood, and I have shown that negative encounters with out-group members increase prejudice more than positive encounters decrease prejudice. Finally, in the area of social exclusion, I’ve provided meta-analytic evidence that working-class students are less integrated at university than middle-class students, I’ve identified personality and demographic variables that predict migrants’ social exclusion, and I’ve shown that the need for self-esteem motivates people to exclude out-group members from their in-group.

For more information about my research, please visit my research web page at Mark Rubin's Social Psychology Research

Qualifications

  • PhD, University of Wales
  • Master of Science, University of London
  • Bachelor of Science, University of Newcastle upon Tyne - England

Research

Research keywords

  • Group processes
  • Immigration and migration processes
  • In-group homogeneity
  • Independent and interdependent problem-solving
  • Intergroup conflict
  • Intergroup contact
  • Intergroup relations
  • Need for closure
  • Out-group homogeneity
  • Perceived group variability
  • Prejudice and discrimination
  • Processing fluency
  • Social class
  • Social identity
  • Social integration
  • Stereotyping

Research expertise

I have expertise in several areas of social psychology, including group processes and intergroup relations, stereotyping, social identity, and social class.

I conduct quantitative, cross-sectional research using online survey systems such as LimeSurvey, PsychData, SurveyMonkey, and SONA. I have conducted a meta-analysis using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis. I’m also familiar with moderation and mediation techniques using Hayes' (2013) PROCESS software.

Fields of Research

CodeDescriptionPercentage
170113Social And Community Psychology100

Memberships

Committee/Associations (relevant to research).

  • Fellow - Society of Experimental Social Psychology
  • Member - Society for Personality and Social Psychology
  • Member - Association for Psychological Science
  • Member - Society of Australasian Social Psychologists
  • Member - British Psychological Society
  • Member - European Association of Social Psychology
  • Member - International Society for Self and Identity

Awards

Recognition.

2013Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning
The Australian Government’s Office for Teaching and Learning (Australia)
2011Emerging Research Leadership Program
The University of Newcastle (Australia)
2011Vice-Chancellor’s Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning
The University of Newcastle (Australia)

Research Award.

1997Student Publication Award
Society for Personality and Social Psychology (United States)

Collaboration

To download full-text versions of the following papers, please visit my research webpage at: http://bit.ly/Wuc75X

Zinko, R., & Rubin, M. (in press, accepted 23/07/14). A conceptualization of personal reputation in organizations. Journal of Management and Organization.

Rubin, M., & Morrison, T. (in press, accepted 23/06/14). Individual differences in individualism and collectivism predict ratings of virtual cities’ liveability and environmental quality. Journal of General Psychology.

Graf, S., Paolini, S., & Rubin, M. (in press, accepted 10/06/14). Negative intergroup contact is more influential, but positive intergroup contact is more common: An ecological assessment of contact prominence and contact prevalence in five Central European countries. European Journal of Social Psychology.

Milanov, M., Rubin, M., & Paolini, S. (in press, accepted 21/03/14). Different types of ingroup identification: A comprehensive review, an integrative model, and implications for future research. Psicologia Sociale.

Milanov, M., Rubin, M., & Paolini, S. (in press, accepted 04/10/12). Constructing and validating a new measure of ingroup identification. Annuaire de L’Université de Sofia “St. Kliment Ohridski”. Faculte de Philosophie, 104.

Paolini, S., Harwood, J., Rubin, M., Husnu, S., Joyce, N., & Hewstone, M. (2014). Positive and extensive intergroup contact in the past buffers against the disproportionate impact of negative contact in the present. European Journal of Social Psychology.

Rubin, M., Badea, C., & Jetten, J. (2014). Low status groups show in-group favoritism to compensate for their low status and to compete for higher status. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations.

Rubin, M., Denson, N., Kilpatrick, S., Matthews, K. E., Stehlik, T., & Zyngier, D. (2014). “I am working-class”: Subjective self-definition as a missing measure of social class and socioeconomic status in higher education research. Educational Researcher, 43, 196-200.

Rubin, M., & Paolini, S. (2014). Out-group flies in the in-group’s ointment: Evidence of the motivational underpinnings of the in-group overexclusion effect. Social Psychology.

Milanov, M., Rubin, M., & Paolini, S. (2013). Adult attachment styles as predictors of different types of ingroup identification. Bulgarian Journal of Psychology, 1-4, 175-186.

Rubin, M. (2013). “It wasn’t my idea to come here!”: Ownership of the idea to immigrate as a function of gender, age, and culture. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37, 497-501.

Rubin, M., Paolini, S., & Crisp, R. J. (2013). Linguistic description moderates the evaluations of counterstereotypical people. Social Psychology, 44, 289-298.

Badea, C., Brauer, M., & Rubin, M. (2012). The effects of winning and losing on perceived group variability. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 1094-1099.

Barlow, F. K., Paolini, S., Pedersen, A., Hornsey, M. J., Radke, H. R. M., Harwood, J., Rubin, M., & Sibley, C. G. (2012). The contact caveat: Negative contact predicts increased prejudice more than positive contact predicts reduced prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38, 1629-1643.

Milanov, M., Rubin, M., & Paolini, S. (2012). Types of ingroup identification as a function of group type. Annuaire de L’Université de Sofia “St. Kliment Ohridski”. Faculte de Philosophie, 103, 119-140.

Rubin, M. (2012). Group status is related to group prototypicality in the absence of social identity concerns. Journal of Social Psychology, 152, 386–389.

Rubin, M. (2012). Social class differences in social integration among students in higher education: A meta-analysis and recommendations for future research. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 5, 22-38.

Rubin, M. (2012). Working-class students need more friends at university: A cautionary note for Australia’s higher education equity initiative. Higher Education Research and Development, 31, 431-433.

Rubin, M., & Badea, C. (2012). They’re all the same!...but for several different reasons: A review of the multicausal nature of perceived group variability. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 367-372.

Rubin, M., Watt, S. E., & Ramelli, M. (2012). Immigrants’ social integration as a function of approach-avoidance orientation and problem-solving style. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36, 498-505.

Harwood, J., Paolini, S., Joyce, N., Rubin, M., & Arroyo, A. (2011). Secondary transfer effects from imagined contact: Group similarity affects the generalization gradient. British Journal of Social Psychology, 50, 180-189.

Rubin, M. (2011). Social affiliation cues prime help-seeking intentions. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 43, 138-141.

Rubin, M., Paolini, S., & Crisp, R. J. (2011). The relationship between the need for closure and deviant bias: An investigation of generality and process. International Journal of Psychology, 46, 206-213.

Paolini, S., Harwood, J., & Rubin, M. (2010). Negative intergroup contact makes group memberships salient: Explaining why intergroup conflict endures. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 1723-1738.

Rubin, M., & Badea, C. (2010). The central tendency of a social group can affect ratings of its intragroup variability in the absence of social identity concerns. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 410-415.

Rubin, M., Paolini, S., & Crisp, R. J. (2010). A processing fluency explanation of bias against migrants. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 21-28.

Watt, S. E., Ramelli, M., & Rubin, M. (2010). The interplay of social context and personal attributes in immigrants’ adaptation and satisfaction with the move to Australia. In A. Hayes & R. Mason (Eds.), Migrant security 2010: Refereed proceedings of the national symposium titled Migrant Security 2010: Citizenship and Social Inclusion in a Transnational Era (pp. 209-216). University of Southern Queensland: Toowoomba, Australia.

Voci, A., Hewstone, M., Crisp, R. J., & Rubin, M. (2008). Majority, minority, and parity: Effects of gender and group size on perceived group variability. Social Psychology Quarterly, 71, 114-142.

Rubin, M., & Badea, C. (2007). Why do people perceive in-group homogeneity on in-group traits and out-group homogeneity on out-group traits? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 31-42.

Paolini, S., Hewstone, M., Rubin, M., & Pay, H. (2004). Increased group dispersion after exposure to one deviant group member: Testing Hamburger’s model of member-to-group generalization. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 569-585.

Rubin, M., & Hewstone, M. (2004). Social identity, system justification, and social dominance: Commentary on Reicher, Jost et al., and Sidanius et al. Political Psychology, 25, 823-844.

Rubin, M., Hewstone, M., Crisp, R. J., Voci, A., & Richards, Z. (2004). Gender out-group homogeneity: The roles of differential familiarity, gender differences, and group size. In V. Yzerbyt, C. M. Judd, & O. Corneille (Eds.), The psychology of group perception: Perceived variability, entitativity, and essentialism (pp. 203-220). New York: Psychology Press.

Hewstone, M., Rubin, M., & Willis, H. (2002). Intergroup bias. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 575-604.

Crisp, R. J., Hewstone, M., & Rubin, M. (2001). Does multiple categorization reduce intergroup bias? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 76-89.

Rubin, M., Hewstone, M., & Voci, A. (2001). Stretching the boundaries: Strategic perceptions of intragroup variability. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 413-429.

Vescio, T. K., Hewstone, M., Crisp, R. J., & Rubin, J. M. (1999). Perceiving and responding to multiply categorizable individuals: Cognitive processes and affective intergroup bias. In D. Abrams & M. A. Hogg (Eds.), Social identity and social cognition (pp. 111-140). Cornwall, UK: Blackwell.

Rubin, M., & Hewstone, M. (1998). Social identity theory’s self-esteem hypothesis: A review and some suggestions for clarification. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2, 40-62.

Administrative

Administrative expertise

  • Deputy Leader of the School of Psychology's Social and Organisational Research Group (2014 – Present)
  • Member of the School of Psychology’s Research Training Subcommittee (2009–2010; 2014 – Present)
  • School of Psychology’s Student Academic Conduct Officer for the Callaghan Campus (2011 – 2013)
  • Member of School of Psychology’s Undergraduate Program Management Committee (formerly the Curriculum, Teaching, and Learning Committee; 2007 – 2008; 2012 – 2013)
  • Member of the School of Psychology’s Senior Executive Committee (2008 – 2010)
  • School of Psychology's Library Liaison Officer (2003 – 2010)
  • Member of Faculty of Science and IT's Community and Marketing Working Group (formerly International and Postgraduate Coursework Committee; 2002 – 2010)
  • School of Psychology International Student Liaison Officer (2003 – 2006)

Teaching

Teaching keywords

  • Academic publishing
  • Social psychology

Teaching expertise

My teaching topics are primarily related to social psychology and include areas such as attitudes, the self, social influence, group processes, intergroup conflict, and cross-cultural social psychology.

I have supervised 59 final year student projects to completion. I have also supervised three PhD students to completion. I’m currently supervising two PhD students (.80 & .30 supervision loading), one Professional Doctorate student (.20), and two Masters students (.20 & .30).

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Highlighted Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.

YearCitationAltmetricsLink
2013Rubin M, '"It wasn't my idea to come here!": Ownership of the idea to immigrate as a function of gender, age, and culture', International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37 497-501 (2013) [C1]
2012Rubin JM, Badea C, 'They're all the same!. . but for several different reasons: A review of the multicausal nature of perceived group variability', Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21 367-372 (2012) [C1]
2012Rubin JM, 'Social class differences in social integration among students in higher education: A meta-analysis and recommendations for future research', Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 5 22-38 (2012) [C1]

Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.

Click on a category title below to expand the list of citations for that specific category.

Chapter (2 outputs)

YearCitationAltmetricsLink
2004Rubin JM, Hewstone M, Crisp RJ, Voci A, Richards Z, 'Gender outgroup homogeneity: The roles of differential familiarity, gender differences, and group size', The psychology of group perception: Perceived variability, entatitivity, and essentialism, Psychology Press, New York 203-220 (2004) [B1]
1999Vescio TK, Hewstone M, Crisp RJ, Rubin JM, 'Perceiving and responding to multiply categorizable individuals: Cognitive processes and affective intergroup bias.', , Blackwell, Cornwall, UK 111-140 (1999) [B1]

Journal article (29 outputs)

YearCitationAltmetricsLink
2014Rubin M, Denson N, Kilpatrick S, Matthews KE, Stehlik T, Zyngier D, '¿I am working-class¿: Subjective self-definition as a missing measure of social class and socioeconomic status in higher education research.', Educational Researcher, 43 196-200 (2014)
2014Rubin M, Badea C, Jetten J, 'Low status groups show in-group favoritism to compensate for their low status and to compete for higher status. (2014)
2014Rubin M, Paolini S, 'Out-group flies in the in-group¿s ointment: Evidence of the motivational underpinnings of the in-group overexclusion effect.', Social Psychology, 1-9 (2014)
2014Paolini S, Rubin M, Harwood J, Joyce N, Husnu S, Hewstone M, 'Positive and extensive intergroup contact in the past buffers against the disproportionate impact of negative contact in the present', European Journal of Social Psychology, (2014)
2013Rubin M, '"It wasn't my idea to come here!": Ownership of the idea to immigrate as a function of gender, age, and culture', International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37 497-501 (2013) [C1]
2013Milanov M, Rubin JM, Paolini S, 'Adult attachment styles as predictors of different types of ingroup identification.', Bulgarian Journal of Psychology, 1-4 175-186 (2013) [C1]
2013Rubin M, Paolini S, Crisp RJ, 'Linguistic Description Moderates the Evaluations of Counterstereotypical People', SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 44 289-298 (2013) [C1]
2012Rubin JM, Watt SE, Ramelli M, 'Immigrants' social integration as a function of approach-avoidance orientation and problem-solving style', International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36 498-505 (2012) [C1]
2012Rubin JM, 'Group status is related to group prototypicality in the absence of social identity concerns', The Journal of Social Psychology, 152 386-389 (2012) [C1]
2012Barlow FK, Paolini S, Pedersen A, Hornsey MJ, Radke HRM, Harwood J, et al., 'The contact caveat: Negative contact predicts increased prejudice more than positive contact predicts reduced prejudice', Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38 1629-1643 (2012) [C1]
2012Rubin JM, 'Social class differences in social integration among students in higher education: A meta-analysis and recommendations for future research', Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 5 22-38 (2012) [C1]
2012Rubin JM, Badea C, 'They're all the same!. . but for several different reasons: A review of the multicausal nature of perceived group variability', Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21 367-372 (2012) [C1]
2012Milanov M, Rubin M, Paolini S, 'Types of ingroup identification as a function of group type.', Annuaire de L¿Université de Sofia ¿St. Kliment Ohridski¿. Faculte de Philosophie, 103 119-140 (2012) [C1]
2012Badea C, Brauer M, Rubin JM, 'The effects of winning and losing on perceived group variability', Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48 1094-1099 (2012) [C1]
2012Rubin JM, 'Working-class students need more friends at university: A cautionary note for Australia's higher education equity initiative', Higher Education Research & Development, 31 431-433 (2012) [C3]
2011Harwood J, Paolini S, Joyce N, Rubin JM, Arroyo A, 'Secondary transfer effects from imagined contact: Group similarity affects the generalization gradient', British Journal of Social Psychology, 50 180-189 (2011) [C1]
2011Rubin JM, Paolini S, Crisp RJ, 'The relationship between the need for closure and deviant bias: An investigation of generality and process', International Journal of Psychology, 46 206-213 (2011) [C1]
2011Rubin JM, 'Social Affiliation Cues Prime Help-Seeking Intentions', Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 43 138-141 (2011) [C1]
2010Rubin JM, Badea C, 'The central tendency of a social group can affect ratings of its intragroup variability in the absence of social identity concerns', Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46 410-415 (2010) [C1]
2010Paolini S, Harwood J, Rubin JM, 'Negative intergroup contact makes group memberships salient: Explaining why intergroup conflict endures', Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36 1723-1738 (2010) [C1]
2010Rubin JM, Paolini S, Crisp RJ, 'A processing fluency explanation of bias against migrants', Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46 21-28 (2010) [C1]
2008Voci A, Hewstone M, Crisp RJ, Rubin JM, 'Majority, minority, and parity: Effects of gender and group size on perceived group variability', Social Psychology Quarterly, 71 114-142 (2008) [C1]
2007Rubin JM, Badea C, 'Why do people perceive in-group homogeneity on in-group traits and out-group homogeneity on out-group traits?', Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33 31-42 (2007) [C1]
2004Paolini S, Hewstone M, Rubin JM, Pay H, 'Increased group dispersion after exposure to one deviant group member: Testing Hamburger's model of member-to-group generalization', Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40 569-585 (2004) [C1]
2004Rubin JM, Hewstone M, 'Social identity, system justification, and social dominance: Commentary on Reicher, Jost and Banaji, and Sidanius et al', Political Psychology, 25 823-844 (2004) [C1]
2002Hewstone M, Rubin JM, Willis H, 'Intergroup Bias', Annual Review of Psychology, 53 575-604 (2002) [C1]
2001Crisp RJ, Hewstone M, Rubin M, 'Does multiple categorization reduce intergroup bias?', PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN, 27 76-89 (2001) [C1]
2001Rubin M, Hewstone M, Voci A, 'Stretching the boundaries: Strategic perceptions of intragroup variability', EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 31 413-429 (2001) [C1]
1998Rubin M, Hewstone M, 'Social identity theory's self-esteem hypothesis: A review and some suggestions for clarification', Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2 40-62 (1998) [C1]
Show 26 more

Conference (1 outputs)

YearCitationAltmetricsLink
2010Watt SE, Ramelli M, Rubin JM, 'The interplay of social context and personal attributes in immigrants' adaptation and satisfaction with the move to Australia', Migrant Security 2010: Refereed Proceedings of the National Symposium titled Migrant Security 2010: Citizenship and Social Inclusion in a Transnational Era, Toowoomba, QLD (2010) [E1]
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants7
Total funding$408,241

- Indicates that the researcher may be seeking students for this project.

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.

2012 (1 grants)

2011 Emerging Research Leaders Program$15,000
Funding Body: University of Newcastle

Project Team
Doctor Mark Rubin
SchemeRole
Emerging Research Leaders ProgramChief Investigator
Total AmountFunding StartFunding Finish
$15,00020122012
GNo:G1200619

2009 (1 grants)

Differences in ingroup identification as a function of culture and group type$3,717
Funding Body: Keats Endowment Research Fund

Project Team
Doctor Mark Rubin, Mr Milen Milanov
SchemeRole
Research GrantChief Investigator
Total AmountFunding StartFunding Finish
$3,71720092009
GNo:G0900108

2007 (1 grants)

The Disproportionate Impact of Negative Contact on Category Salience and Prejudice: Explaining Why Intergroup Interactions Can Be Harmful$252,004
Funding Body: ARC (Australian Research Council)

Project Team
Doctor Stefania Paolini, Professor Jake Harwood, Doctor Mark Rubin
SchemeRole
Discovery ProjectsInvestigator
Total AmountFunding StartFunding Finish
$252,00420072010
GNo:G0186257

2006 (1 grants)

Cross-cultural differences in in-group identification$7,520
Funding Body: Keats Endowment Research Fund

Project Team
Doctor Mark Rubin, Mr Milen Milanov, Doctor Stefania Paolini
SchemeRole
Research GrantChief Investigator
Total AmountFunding StartFunding Finish
$7,52020062007
GNo:G0186928

2005 (1 grants)

Investigating a New Explanation of Discrimination Against Migrant and Excluded People$110,000
Funding Body: ARC (Australian Research Council)

Project Team
Doctor Mark Rubin, Doctor Stefania Paolini, Professor Richard Crisp
SchemeRole
Discovery ProjectsChief Investigator
Total AmountFunding StartFunding Finish
$110,00020052007
GNo:G0184345

2003 (1 grants)

Testing self-anchoring theory's explanation of in-groups bias$10,000
Funding Body: University of Newcastle

Project Team
Doctor Mark Rubin
SchemeRole
Early Career Researcher GrantChief Investigator
Total AmountFunding StartFunding Finish
$10,00020032003
GNo:G0183057

2001 (1 grants)

'We are Like Me!': The Role of Self-to-Group Generalization in Social Discrimination$10,000
Funding Body: University of Newcastle

Project Team
Doctor Mark Rubin
SchemeRole
Early Career Researcher GrantChief Investigator
Total AmountFunding StartFunding Finish
$10,00020012001
GNo:G0181641
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Research Supervision

Number of current supervisions2
Total current UoN PhD EFTSL1.1

For supervisions undertaken at an institution other that the University of Newcastle, the institution name is listed below the program name.

Current Supervision

CommencedProposed
Completion
ProgramSupervisor TypeResearch Title
20122016PhD (Psychology - Science)Co-SupervisorThe Impact of Self-Expansion on Preferences for Intergroup vs. Intragroup Contact: Conceptual and Empirical Clarification, a Cross-Cultural and Life-Span Outlook
20122016PhD (Psychology - Science)Principal SupervisorA Little Help or a Lot of Personality? The Moderating Effect of Interdependent Problem Solving Style on the Relation Between Personality and Performance

Past Supervision

YearProgramSupervisor TypeResearch Title
2010PhD (Psychology - Science)Principal SupervisorMeasuring Social Competence, Task Competence and Self-Protection in an Organisational Context
2010PhD (Psychology - Science)Principal SupervisorDifferent Types of Ingroup Identification as a Function of Culture, Group Status, Attachment Style, and Group Type
2008PhD (Clinical Psychology)Principal SupervisorPsychosocial Well-Being and Gay Identity Development
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Dr Jeremy (Mark) Rubin

Work Phone(02) 4921 6706
Fax(02) 4921 6980
Email
PositionSenior Lecturer
School of Psychology
Faculty of Science and Information Technology
The University of Newcastle, Australia
Focus AreaPsychology
Office
W107,
Behavioural Sciences Building,
Callaghan
University Drive
Callaghan NSW 2308
Australia
URL:www.newcastle.edu.au/profile/mark-rubin
Linkhttp://www.newcastle.edu.au/profile/mark-rubin