Dr Lynne McCormack

Dr Lynne McCormack

Senior Lecturer

School of Psychology

Career Summary

Biography

Dr Lynne McCormack has worked as a clinical, health and educational psychologist specialising in complex trauma for over 20 years. This has been in international humanitarian settings, hospitals, schools and private practice and for military and emergency services. She became particularly interested in the coexisting relationship between negative and positive effects of complex trauma from her own voluntary involvement in war-torn and disaster areas and the way in which many of her clients were able to redefine their lives positively following exposure to extreme adversity and posttrauma distress. Her Master’s research considers the long-term psychological effects of war on civilian women, and her PhD research is a phenomenological study in primary and vicarious psychological growth following exposure to war and genocide. Lynne has worked widely with other individuals exposed to traumatic incidents including emergency services personnel, children dislocated through refugee status, and individuals exposed to tragic death, health and personal trauma. From an earlier life career as a music teacher Lynne has come to appreciate the many ways in which individuals resource their own talents and skills for wellbeing. She has designed, developed and evaluated health and psychosocial programs in East Timor post war, and Aceh following the Tsunami and has developed a tool for assessing 'reintegration difficulties' following overseas deployment (PostAID/Q). Similarly she has facilitated training workshops following critical incident, chronic pain, relationship challenges, abuse, and war, incorporating individual creativity for mental wellbeing. Lynne recognises individuals as the expert in their own lives and the collaborative energy they can bring to their own mental health.

Research Expertise

Dr Lynne McCormack is particularly interested in the coexisting relationship between negative and positive effects of complex trauma. Her past research considers the long-term psychological effects of war on civilian women, and posttraumatic growth following exposure to the phenomenon of complex traumatic events e.g. war and genocide. Current research includes the development of a tool for assessing 'reintegration difficulties' following overseas deployment (PostAID/Q) for aid and military personnel; development of a therapeutic handbook in the area of trauma and growth; meaning making following threat of war, geneocide, disasters, policing, bushfires; professional derailment and impact of war on children of veterans.

Teaching Expertise
Dr Lynne McCormack has a long teaching history beginning as a secondary teacher in drama and music. As a psychologist she has designed, developed and evaluated health and psychosocial programs following conflict and disaster. She has facilitated and conducted training workshops in leadership, workplace conflict, and educational and cognitive behavioural programs following critical incident, chronic pain, and combat stress for adults. Currently, she teaches and co-ordinates modules on the Clinical/Doctoral postgraduate program.

Administrative Expertise
Dr Lynne McCormack has worked in her own consultancy practice administering staff and business needs. She has developed and run a hospital psychology unit for providing staff and patients with psychological services and education. She has designed, monitored and fund raised for humanitarian projects in East Timor. She supervises clinicians and students in professional development. She currently coordinates modules on the Clinical/Doctoral postgraduate program.

Collaborations
My primary research is in the construct of posttraumatic growth and distress. Most of my collaborative research in this area is with Professor Stephen Joseph through the Centre for Trauma, Resilience and Growth at the University of Nottingham. This collaboration has contributed to the development of an assessment tool for aid personnel reintegrating following overseas humanitarian deployment.

Qualifications

  • PhD, University of Nottingham - UK
  • Registered Psychologist - Clinical Psychology, Psychology Board of Australia
  • Bachelor of Education, University of Warwick - England
  • Diploma of Teaching, University of Warwick - England
  • Master of Applied Psychology, University of Newcastle

Keywords

  • Altrustic identity
  • Clinical/Doctoral Postgraduate Psychology Program
  • Combat trauma
  • Complex trauma
  • Disasters and emergencies
  • Humility, gratitude, altruism
  • Posttraumatic Growth
  • Posttraumatic Stress
  • Vicarious Trauma and Growth

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified 30
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology 40
170113 Social and Community Psychology 30

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Senior Lecturer University of Newcastle
School of Psychology
Australia

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
12/03/2012 -  Senior Lecturer/Clinical Psychologist Faculty of Science and Information Technology, University of Newcastle
Australia
1/01/2011 - 1/01/2012 Assistant Professor University of Canberra
Australia
1/01/1991 - 1/11/2006 Consultant Psychologist Private Practitioner
Australia
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Chapter (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2012 McCormack LM, 'Encyclopaedia of Trauma: An Interdisciplinary Guide', Encyclopedia of Trauma: An Interdisciplinary Guide, SAGE, New York, US 20-904 (2012) [B1]

Journal article (23 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2016 McCormack LM, Orenstein A, Joseph S, 'Postmission Altruistic Identity Disruption Questionnaire (PostAID/Q): identifying humanitarian-related distress during the reintegration period following international humanitarian aid work', Traumatology, 22 1-8 (2016) [C1]
DOI 10.1037/trm0000053
2016 McCormack L, White S, Cuenca J, 'A fractured journey of growth: making meaning of a ¿Broken¿ childhood and parental mental ill-health', Community, Work and Family, 1-19 (2016)

© 2016 Taylor & FrancisThe psychopathological impact of parental mental ill-health on children is well known. However, little research explores positive and negative interpretati... [more]

© 2016 Taylor & FrancisThe psychopathological impact of parental mental ill-health on children is well known. However, little research explores positive and negative interpretations of such exposure in childhood, from the adult child's perspective. Using interpretative phenomenological Analysis this study sought subjective interpretations of the ¿lived¿ experiences of growing up in a family with parental mental ill-health. A purposive sample of seven adult children provided data for analysis through semi-structured interviews. One superordinate theme: A fractured journey of growth to adulthood, overarched six subordinate themes. Four themes captured stigma, shame, social isolation and betrayal. Juxtaposed with this, two themes captured purposeful redefinition of self and psychological growth. This study captures the chronicity of traumatic distress and sense of betrayal experienced by these participants in childhood through unrelenting exposure to parental mental ill-health. However, despite unpredictability, fear, and neglect in childhood, they identified the emergence of inner strengths in adult life: unexpected growth in empathy and compassion, high resourcefulness, and personal authenticity through higher education. Findings highlight that positively redefining ¿self¿ in adult life is possible in the aftermath of childhood trauma associated with parental mental ill-health. Implications for therapy include: (a) moving forward from childhood trauma and (b) managing ongoing family dynamics in adult-life.

DOI 10.1080/13668803.2015.1117418
2016 Threader J, McCormack LM, 'Cancer-related trauma, stigma and growth: the ¿lived¿ experience of head and neck cancer', European Journal of Cancer Care, 25 157-169 (2016) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 1
2016 McCormack L, Riley L, 'Medical discharge from the ¿family,¿ moral injury, and a diagnosis of PTSD: Is psychological growth possible in the aftermath of policing trauma?', Traumatology, 22 19-28 (2016) [C1]

© 2016 American Psychological Association.The potential for acute and cumulative exposure to traumatic events associated with policing is well recognized. However, research explo... [more]

© 2016 American Psychological Association.The potential for acute and cumulative exposure to traumatic events associated with policing is well recognized. However, research exploring the subjective impact of that trauma, particularly when it results in discharge with a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), is significantly limited. Drawing on a phenomenological epistemological position, this study explores the subjective ¿lived¿ experience of 7 former police personnel medically discharged with PTSD. It sought both positive and negative interpretations of (a) their personal experience of policing; (b) consequential discharge with PTSD; and (c) life after discharge. Using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), semistructured interviews provided the data for transcription and analysis. One superordinate theme: moral betrayal, silence, and hope in policing trauma; overarched 4 subordinate themes: eroded identity; moral betrayal; confronting the silence; learning to depend on me. These interpreted themes mirror multiple layers of complex policing trauma in these participants that over time eroded hope. They reveal a growing awareness of moral injury that only found voice, postdischarge. Chronic exposure to policing trauma was experienced as a domino effect slowly diminishing self-worth and consequently corroding their earlier sense of purpose as police personnel. Intrinsically, shame was interpreted as having failed. Discharge dissociated them from the collegial support necessary to reintegrate into their postdischarge lives. Instead, former altruistic selves became reclusive. These participants attributed ¿felt¿ distress as directly attributable to organizational factors that left them feeling invalidated, betrayed, and without support. Over time, some experienced a newfound appreciation of ¿self,¿ facilitated by hope. Implications for clinical practice and policy are discussed.

DOI 10.1037/trm0000059
2016 McCormack L, Tillock K, Walmsley BD, 'Holding on while letting go: trauma and growth on the pathway of dementia care in families', Aging and Mental Health, 1-10 (2016)

© 2016 Taylor & FrancisObjectives: Limited research explores the medical model of residential care in dementia from the family caregiver's perspectives. Method: This study sought... [more]

© 2016 Taylor & FrancisObjectives: Limited research explores the medical model of residential care in dementia from the family caregiver's perspectives. Method: This study sought subjective interpretations of nine family caregivers who experienced relinquishing their status as primary caregiver to a medical model, dementia care residential setting. Following semi-structured interviews and transcription data was analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Results: One superordinate theme, navigating ¿system¿ control, overarched three subordinate themes: connecting/disconnecting, windows closing, and capacity for sensation. Navigating system control reflected participants' experience of circumnavigating a medical system fraught with hierarchical challenges inclusive of a complex maze of contradictions that appeared threatening, yet appeared comforting; authoritarian, yet often humane. For them, care of self, while advocating for a family member with dementia, required vigilance to manoeuvre a system of care that imposed its uninvited authority at will. Connection/disconnection highlights the enduring struggle for inclusivity in caregiving despite the omnipresent trauma of windows closing. Psychological growth came to these participants through an unexpected capacity for sensation which offered a unique lens to communication with the family member with dementia primarily through sensory exchange. Conclusions: Models of dementia care and therapeutic interventions could inclusively involve dementia family caregivers who may be experiencing traumatic distress, and associated guilt, stigma, loss, and grief. Co-existing psychological wellbeing, however, is possible when family members are encouraged to transition communication to sensory awareness and exchange as windows close.

DOI 10.1080/13607863.2016.1146872
2016 McCormack LM, Walmsley Bruce D, 'Severe dementia: Retained Social Engagement (RSE) during family visits.', Aging and Mental Health, (2016)
DOI 10.1080/13607863.2016.1220923
2016 Walmsley BD, McCormack L, 'Synthesis of Meaning: Negative and Positive Change in Family Members Following the Adversity of Dementia', Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 56 122-143 (2016) [C1]

© 2014, © The Author(s) 2014.A paucity of research explores both negative and positive changes for family members supporting a loved one with dementia, especially when communica... [more]

© 2014, © The Author(s) 2014.A paucity of research explores both negative and positive changes for family members supporting a loved one with dementia, especially when communication by speech and awareness of others diminishes. This qualitative study sought the views of family groups concerning their experiences over the past 10 years supporting a loved one with dementia. A focus group sought negative and positive subjective interpretations of this phenomenon. One superordinate theme: Synthesis of Meaning emerged from the data using interpretative phenomenological analysis. This overarched two subordinate themes: (a) Steps backward¿encompassing those times when relatives hovered uncertainly, missed opportunities to engage due to advancing dementia, and felt regret and (b) Steps forward¿encompassing moments of unexpected rewards, acceptance, self-forgiveness, and empathic connection with others on a similar journey. This study highlights that although often fraught with distress, positive aspects of the dementia journey are possible and offer opportunity for psychological growth and well-being.

DOI 10.1177/0022167814557547
2015 McCormack LM, McKellar L, 'Adaptive growth following terrorism: Vigilance and anger in the aftermath of Bali bombings', Traumatology, 21 71-81 (2015) [C1]
DOI 10.1037/trm0000025
2015 McCormack LM, Adams EL, 'Therapists, Complex Trauma, and the Medical Model: Making Meaning of Vicarious Distress from Complex Trauma in the Inpatient Setting', Traumatology, 1-18 (2015) [C1]
DOI 10.1037/trm0000024
2015 Walmsley BD, McCormack L, 'Stigma, the medical model and dementia care: Psychological growth in senior health professionals through moral and professional integrity.', Dementia (London), (2015)
DOI 10.1177/1471301215574112
2014 McCormack L, Joseph S, 'Psychological growth in aging Vietnam veterans: Redefining shame and betrayal', Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 54 336-355 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/0022167813501393
Citations Scopus - 4
2014 Walmsley BD, McCormack L, 'The dance of communication: Retaining family membership despite severe non-speech dementia', Dementia, 13 626-641 (2014) [C1]

There is minimal research investigating non-speech communication as a result of living with severe dementia. This phenomenological study explores retained awareness expressed thro... [more]

There is minimal research investigating non-speech communication as a result of living with severe dementia. This phenomenological study explores retained awareness expressed through non-speech patterns of communication in a family member living with severe dementia. Further, it describes reciprocal efforts used by all family members to engage in alternative patterns of communication. Family interactions were filmed to observe speech and non-speech relational communication. Participants were four family groups each with a family member living with non-speech communication as a result of severe dementia. Overall there were 16 participants. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. One superordinate theme, Dance of Communication, describes the interactive patterns that were observed during family communication. Two subordinate themes emerged: (a) in-step; characterised by communication that indicated harmony, spontaneity and reciprocity, and; (b) out-of-step; characterised by communication that indicated disharmony, syncopation, and vulnerability. This study highlights that retained awareness can exist at levels previously unrecognised in those living with limited or absent speech as a result of severe dementia. A recommendation for the development of a communication program for caregivers of individuals living with dementia is presented. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

DOI 10.1177/1471301213480359
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1
2014 McCormack L, Lewis V, Wells JR, 'Early Life Loss and Trauma: Eating Disorder Onset in a Middle-Aged Male-A Case Study', American Journal of Men's Health, 8 121-136 (2014) [C1]

The onset of an eating disorder in middle-age men is poorly researched as are eating disorders in men generally. Therefore, life events that influence eating disorders in men, inc... [more]

The onset of an eating disorder in middle-age men is poorly researched as are eating disorders in men generally. Therefore, life events that influence eating disorders in men, including delayed onset of an eating disorder remains unknown. Given the limited understanding of males with eating disorders and limited access to large samples of men with eating disorders, an in-depth analysis of a single case of a male in middle age with an eating disorder was chosen to gain insight and understanding into this phenomenon. A Life History approach explored the case of Joseph (pseudonym), who was diagnosed at age 44 years with an Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified. Data were collected through (a) life course open-ended questioning through interviews, (b) written statements, and (c) comments on transcripts. Three themes emerged, loss and unworthiness, becoming bigger, and wanting to change reflecting eating behaviors associated with attachment disruption, loss and trauma, body dissatisfaction, and negative affect. Later in life, an emotional "tipping point" precipitated an eating disorder. Results indicate traumatic loss leading to early attachment disruption as influential in Joseph's delayed onset of an eating disorder. The value of thorough narrative life histories during therapy when eating disorders occur late in life is discussed as well as the significance for men. © The Author(s) 2013.

DOI 10.1177/1557988313496838
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
2013 McCormack L, Joseph S, 'Psychological growth in humanitarian aid personnel: Reintegrating with family and community following exposure to war and genocide', Community, Work and Family, 16 147-163 (2013) [C1]

There is a paucity of research into the subjective experiences of humanitarian aid personnel exposed to modern global conflicts and disasters in the course of their work. In parti... [more]

There is a paucity of research into the subjective experiences of humanitarian aid personnel exposed to modern global conflicts and disasters in the course of their work. In particular, little is known about how they make sense of any dual threat: (1) witnessing catastrophic and traumatic events perpetrated on those they seek to serve and (2) experiencing personal threat to self. This phenomenological study explores the idiographic interpretation of aid personnel working in complex humanitarian settings including exposure to genocide, and the impact of such exposure on reintegration processes postmission. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, and data were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). One theme: Complex humanitarian distress and growth overarched five subordinate themes. Four of the subordinate themes highlighted long term psychological distress including shame, moral doubt, betrayal, and narcissistic coping. The fifth theme, Reparation with 'self', describes a redefining of self-worth and altruistic identity over time despite earlier perceived moral failure and sense of rejection from organization and important others. Reparation with self, as a positive outcome from traumatic distress and lack of validating support from important others, is discussed in light of current posttraumatic growth literature. Implications for therapists and recruiting organizations are also discussed. © 2013 © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

DOI 10.1080/13668803.2012.735478
Citations Scopus - 9
2013 McCormack L, Sly R, 'Distress and Growth: The Subjective "Lived" Experiences of Being the Child of a Vietnam Veteran', Traumatology, 19 303-312 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/1534765613481855
Citations Scopus - 4
2012 McCormack LM, 'Postmission Altruistic Identity Disruption Questionnaire (PostAID/Q): Preliminary development of a measure of responses following adverse humanitarian aid work', Traumatology, 18 41-48 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 2
2011 Tischler V, Chopra A, Nixon N, McCormack LM, 'Loss and Tomorrow's Doctors: How the humanities can contribute to personal and professional development.', International Journal of Person-Centered Medicine, 1 547-552 (2011) [C1]
2011 McCormack LM, Joseph S, Hagger M, 'Vicarious growth in wives of Vietnam veterans: A phenomenological investigation into decades of 'lived' experience.', Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 51 273-290 (2011) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 16
2010 McCormack LM, 'Using the 'Most Significant Change Technique' to evaluate a post-tsunami psychosocial programme.', Qualitative Methodology in Psychology Bulletin (QM, 19-24 (2010) [C1]
2009 McCormack LM, 'Civilian women at war: Psychological impact decades after the Vietnam war', Journal of Loss and Trauma, 14 447-458 (2009) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/15325020902925209
Citations Scopus - 2
2009 McCormack LM, Joseph S, Hagger MS, 'Sustaining a positive altruistic identity in humanitarian aid work: A qualitative case study', Traumatology, 15 109-118 (2009) [C1]
DOI 10.1177/1534765609332325
Citations Scopus - 5
2008 McCormack L, 'Analysing ¿Hot¿ cognitions. A recent masterclass on Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA).', Qualitative Methodology in Psychology (QMiP), 28-30 (2008) [O1]
Walmsley B, McCormack L, 'Shame, hope, intimacy and growth: Dementia distress and growth in families from the perspective of senior aged care professionals', Dementia,
DOI 10.1177/1471301215573676
Show 20 more journal articles

Review (5 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2012 McCormack LM, 'Genocide', Encyclopaedia of Trauma (2012) [D2]
2012 McCormack LM, 'Nongovernmental organizations, governments and humanitarian aid', Encyclopaedia of Trauma (2012) [D2]
2012 McCormack LM, 'Humanitarian missions', Encyclopaedia of Trauma (2012) [D2]
2012 McCormack LM, 'Traumatized entertainers', Encyclopaedia of Trauma (2012) [D2]
2008 McCormack LM, 'Analysing 'Hot' Cognitions. A recent Masterclass on Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA)', Qualitative Methods in Psychology (QMiP) (2008) [D2]
Show 2 more reviews

Conference (3 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2011 McCormack LM, Joseph S, 'Modern Global Conflicts and the Humanitarian Aid Worker: Making Sense of Moral Doubt, Guilt and Shame Following Exposure to War, Genocide and International Crises', European Journal of Psychotraumatology (2011) [E3]
2011 McCormack LM, Joseph S, 'Posttraumatic growth through reparation with 'self': Redefining primary and secondary complex traumatic distress in humanitarian aid personnel.', 46th APS Annual Conference (2011) [E3]
2010 McCormack LM, 'Psychological Growth and The Value of the Phenomenological Narrative for Healthy Reintegration of Returnees and Their Families.', Being There When It Counts: The Proceedings of the 8th Rocky Mountain Region Disaster Mental Health Conference. (2010) [E1]

Thesis / Dissertation (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2010 McCormack LM, Doctoral Thesis: Primary and Vicarious Posttraumatic Growth following War, Genocide and Humanitarian Emergencies: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis., University of Nottingham, UK (2010) [T3]
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 5
Total funding $66,136

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20144 grants / $61,179

Childhood Trauma and Growth: Efficacy of trauma interventions for promoting growth in adults exposed to childhood trauma$44,436

Funding body: Heal for Life Foundation

Funding body Heal for Life Foundation
Project Team Doctor Lynne McCormack, Doctor Linda Campbell, Doctor Sean Halpin
Scheme Postgraduate Scholarship
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2018
GNo G1400837
Type Of Funding Grant - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFG
UON Y

Faculty Visiting Fellowship 2014$7,527

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT
Project Team Doctor Lynne McCormack
Scheme Visiting Fellowship
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1401053
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

Testing the relationships between measures of intelligence, accuracy, confidence, personality and culture$7,216

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Dennis Rose, Doctor Lynne McCormack, Dr Heather Douglas
Scheme Linkage Pilot Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1400303
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

Faculty PVC Conference Assistance Grant 2014$2,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT
Project Team Doctor Lynne McCormack
Scheme PVC Conference Assistance Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1401226
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20121 grants / $4,957

Collaboration re: the Development of Posttraumatic Growth Therapy and User Manual$4,957

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Lynne McCormack
Scheme New Staff Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2012
GNo G1200743
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y
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Research Supervision

Number of supervisions

Completed0
Current8

Total current UON EFTSL

PhD1.85

Current Supervision

Commenced Level of Study Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2016 PhD Aggression in children with an IDD: The impact on these children and their families
PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2014 PhD Adult Survivors of Childhood Trauma: The need for more evidence-based treatments.
PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2013 PhD Resilience In Children With Chronic Illness
PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2012 PhD An Interpretative Phenomenological Investigation of Dementia from the Perspective of Families and System Caregivers: Stigma, Traumatic Loss, Psychological Growth, and Relational Social Engagement (RSE)
PhD (Psychology - Science), Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2011 Masters Psychological Growth following Executive Derailment: An Interpretative Phenomenological Study
Psychology, University of Canberra
Sole Supervisor
2011 Masters Making meaning of multiple threats to family members and property following Australian bushfires
Psychology, University of Canberra
Principal Supervisor
2011 Masters Distress and Growth in the Adult Children of Vietnam War Veterans
Psychology, University of Canberra
Sole Supervisor
2010 PhD The impact of stigma on influencing adversarial growth processes and outcome within an oncology population
Psychology, Australian National University
Consultant Supervisor
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Dr Lynne McCormack

Position

Senior Lecturer
School of Psychology
Faculty of Science and Information Technology

Contact Details

Email lynne.mccormack@newcastle.edu.au
Phone 4985 4543
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