Dr Juhyun Lee
School of Architecture and Built Environment (Architecture)
- Phone:(02) 492 17432
Making great spaces and places
Putting the needs of end-users above all else, Dr Juhyun Lee is seeking to ensure designs for the built environment are coherent, clear and shareable.
Cities are fascinating. Young and old, contemporary and heritage-listed, rich and poor, breathtakingly beautiful and unattractively bleak, they are all a result of human action, shrewdly embodying local, national and global flows in politics, the economy and society. Tightly knotted and testifying to the intersections of public policy, art and urban governance, each is representative of transformation too. Dr Juhyun Lee, an authority on architectural planning, is untangling their multiple, multilayered and interdependent influences through his research.
“I’m advancing contextual design,” he elaborates.
“It was introduced in the late 1990s and works on the proviso that being knowledgeable about users – their fundamental intents, desires and drivers – will lead to better final products.”
“The process can be more widely applied to provide a formal understanding of designers’ decisions in the field as well.”
“Our aim is to figure out why and how they did what they did, and predict if, why and how they’ll do the same again.”
Passionate and pioneering, Juhyun is also making significant contributions to three other related areas, including design cognition, design analysis and architectural/design computing.
“The former refers to the study of human information processing in design using different theoretical and empirical models,” he explains.
“The second and third refer to physical, real-world surroundings in which some elements are supplemented by digital sensory input and computing, such as sound, video, graphics or contextual data.”
Helping out at home
Juhyun’s research career began in 2006, when he undertook a PhD in Housing and Interior Design at Yonsei University in his native South Korea. Chiefly focused on merging physical and virtual design factors into an embodied environment, the four-year probe sought to craft and propose consensual strategic planning schemes for mixed-use development to support urban regeneration in Seoul.
“These were based on a literature review and questionnaire survey data,” the bilinguist recalls.
“The formal framework consists of four methodological stages – database development, categorisation, factor analysis and correlation.”
“It serves as a viable reference for policymakers and developers.”
Relocating to the Centre for Human Ecology at Kyunghee University after receiving his award in 2010, Juhyun looked to take the reins on another research assignment – this time on an “augmented reality-based design system.”
“This work stemmed from our realisation of the potential of smart phones to deliver powerful networking and mobility,” he shares.
“These devices have similarly opened up opportunities to expand mixed reality (MR), which commonly overlaps computer-generated images and real images in the physical world.”
“We approached the managers of several leading MR companies in South Korea and asked them about their MR applications, such as iNeedCoffee and Ovjet, which overcame the limitations of time and place to communicate with mobile users through the location of their favourites.”
“We also introduced the concept of context immersion, which suggests the experience of owning and operating a smart phone does not have to be confined to the phone’s small display screen.”
“Instead, smart phones can allow people to be nomadic and autonomous and connect with many others simultaneously.”
A new home
Invited to the University of Newcastle as a visiting academic in early 2011, Juhyun was appointed to a full-time research position in 2012. Hitting the ground running, the senior lecturer set up a sensory design laboratory within the Centre for Interdisciplinary Built Environment Research in 2013, and collaborated with Professor Michael Ostwald on a grammatical and syntactical study of architecture in the Hunter in 2014.
“We wanted to give both practicing professionals and our undergraduate students an insight into the discipline,” he comments.
“The objective was to show them different ways of producing and assessing design variations in a number of contexts.”
From 2014 Juhyun has invested in a project entitled ‘Multicultural design communication in architectural design’ as well.
Awarded an Innovation Grant from the Office of Teaching and Learning in 2016, Juhyun reveals that he “will be developing pedagogical solutions to the linguistic and cultural barriers in design education.”
“I will undertake the first inquiry into the relationship between language and design cognition too.”
“My overarching goal is to support efficient and sustainable interactions between people in design teams, particularly those in the Asia Pacific region.”
Dr Lee has contributed to Architecture and Digital design with intensive professional practice since 1998. As an expert in the field of architectural and design computing, Dr Lee was invited to become a visiting academic at the University of Newcastle in February 2011 and appointed to a full time research position in October 2012.
Dr Lee has made a significant contribution towards architectural and design research in three main areas: Design cognition, Planning and design analysis, and Design computing. His recent cognitive research, Design and Language, has a significant impact on breaking down the barriers to achieving efficient and sustainable interactions between people in design teams, particularly those in the Asia–Pacific region.
He has led many research programs within the school and at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Built Environment Research (CIBER). The results have been presented and published at conferences of CAADFutures, ASA(ANZAScA), DRS, CAADRIA and DCC; in the Architectural Science Review, the International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation and the International Journal of Architectural Computing.
Dr Lee acts as a reviewer for international journals and conferences such as the Nexus Network Journal: Architecture and Mathematics, Urban Studies, Journal of Information Technology in Construction, Sustainability in Energy and Buildings, ASA (ANZAScA), CAADRiA, ICT, and International Conference on Design Creativity (ICDC). He was Associate editor for a special edition of Architectural Science Review on Design Computing and has also served as reviewer for grants of the National Research Foundation of Korea, the Israel Science Foundation and the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research.
Dr Lee has made a significant contribution towards architectural and design research in three main areas:
(1) Design cognition: Since joining the University of Newcastle, Dr Lee has been involved in various successful architecture and design computing research activities in the school. In particular, he conducted cognitive design experiments on the design process and products in parametric modelling environments. A framework combining protocol analysis and consensual assessment techniques was presented at the ANZAScA2011 Conference. His results were presented at the Design Research Society Conference (DRS 2012) and the Design Computing and Cognition conference (DCC’12). He has continued to contribute to the research field of design cognition, presenting papers in CAADRiA 2013, CAADFutures 2013, ANZAScA 2013 and publishing papers in the International Journal of Architectural Computing and International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation. He is currently leading a research project on multi-cultural design communication in architectural design and practice.
(2) Planning and design analysis: Dr Lee’s research has contributed broadly to the field of architectural planning and design analysis. His dissertation, merging physical and virtual design factors into an embodied environment, focuses on strategic planning schemes for mixed-use complexes in Seoul. His study has been published in the Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea: Planning and Design, and Green Tech, Eco Life, & Sustainable Architecture for Cities of Tomorrow (GEST2009). A series of his strategic planning studies has also been published in the 19th Pacific-Rim Real Estate Society conference. This research provided formal urban planning strategies based on correlation and exploratory factor analysis and has been extended to an in-depth analysis on the opportunities and challenges of MXD projects using strategic planning indicators.
Recently, Dr Lee’s research on the combination of space syntax and shape grammar approaches is growing up. The research has been presented in the Space Syntax Symposium 2013 and the DCC’14, and a special edition of Architectural Science Review (ERA A-Ranked Journal) on Design Computing.
(3) Architectural and design computing: Before coming to Australia, Dr Lee had published in the field of architectural and design computing, especially on architectural applications for pervasive computing and context awareness in the building environments. The majority of Dr Lee's publications are in the area of applying novel technologies. For example, since 2006, he has conducted innovative research projects, ‘RFID Applications in a Building Project’, ‘CAME (Context Aware Mobile Engine)’, ‘Context-Aware Inference Engine considering User Behaviour’, and ‘a Work Service Model of the Ubiquitous Office’. This research has been published in CAADRiA, CAADFutures, ACM Conference on Creativity & Cognition, ISARC, GEST2009, and Computers in Industry, Advanced Engineering Informatics, the Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture as well as several refereed Korean journals.
After receiving his PhD, Dr Lee conducted research on specifying a mixed reality-based design system at the Centre of Human Ecology, Kyunghee University. The mobile augmented reality for embodied environments in terms of immersion and mobile creativity is one of his on-going research contributions to the design computing field. He has firstly introduced the concept of context immersion and mobile creativity and collaborated with international researchers (e.g. Mary L Maher and Mi Jeong Kim). In Australia, with the school’s internal support, he has set up wireless sensor networks to develop the Sensory Design Lab in the Centre for Interdisciplinary Built Environment Research. In Australia, Dr Lee has studied the combination of space syntax and shape grammar approaches (as part of Professor Ostwald’s ARC DP). In addition, with the school’s internal support, he has set up wireless sensor networks to develop the Sensory Design Lab in the Centre for Interdisciplinary Built Environment Research.
Dr Lee has supervised Honours students for ‘Research in the built environment (ARBE4121)’ in the School since 2012. Before his research-focused appointment, Dr Lee as a tutor also taught ‘Communication in the Built Environment 4 (ARBE2202)’ in 2011 and 2012. Dr Lee had extensive teaching experience in architecture and design computing at the university level. In 2003 he became a full-time lecturer, promoted by the South Korean government and had taught a variety of digital design courses in the School of Digital Design in South Korea. His courses include Digital Design, Web Programming, CAD Studio, 2D graphics and Digital Presentation. His lectures introduced students to the innovative CAD technique as well as practical design methods in Architecture and encouraged the discovery of new computer design strategies
Dr Lee has collaborated with colleagues in the School as well as other active international researchers. Researchers at the University of Technology Sydney, the Curtin University and the University of Queensland have been involved in his studies. In particular, he continues to collaborate with South Korean researchers.
- PhD (Housing and Interior Design), Yonsei University - South Korea
- Bachelor of Science, Yonsei University - South Korea
- Master of Design (Information Systems), Yonsei University - South Korea
- Architectural computing
- Architectural design
- Computer Aided Design
- Design cognition
- Mobile augmented reality (MAR)
- Research methodology
- Strategic planning
- Korean (Fluent)
Fields of Research
|120104||Architectural Science and Technology (incl. Acoustics, Lighting, Structure and Ecologically Sustainable Design)||60|
|120199||Architecture not elsewhere classified||40|
|Title||Organisation / Department|
|Senior Lecturer||University of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
|Dates||Title||Organisation / Department|
|1/05/2010 - 1/01/2011||Researcher||Kyung Hee University
Centre of Human Ecology
Korea, Republic of
|1/05/2008 - 1/04/2009||Research Professor||Namseoul University
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Korea, Republic of
|1/03/2006 - 1/12/2009||Researcher||Yonsei University
Department of Housing and Interior Design
Korea, Republic of
|1/03/2003 - 1/02/2006||Full-time Lecturer||Kyungdong University
Department of Digital Design
Korea, Republic of
|Dates||Title||Organisation / Department|
|1/03/2006 - 1/06/2006||Senior Designer||Yejo Architects Association
|1/03/2002 - 1/02/2003||Senior Manager||Hanyoung Construction Co.
|1/01/2000 - 1/08/2001||Senior Manager||FurniNet Co.
|1/02/1998 - 1/12/1999||Designer||Yejo Architects Association
|Dates||Title||Organisation / Department|
|1/01/2015 -||Senior Lecturer||University of Newcastle|
For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.
Book (2 outputs)
|2008||Yoon W, Yu I, Lee J, BIM Solution centred on Archline2008, BookMedia Co., Seoul, 445 (2008)|
|2002||Kim S, Kim J, Lee J, PHOTOSHOP 7+ (for the purpose of sensuous Digital Design), BestBook Co., Seoul, 622 (2002)|
Chapter (2 outputs)
Lee JH, Ostwald MJ, Gu N, 'Cognitive Challenges for Teamwork in Design', Collaboration and Student Engagement in Design Education, IGI Global, Hershey PA 55-75 (2016)
Lee JH, Ostwald MJ, Gu N, 'Using a JPG Grammar to Explore the Syntax of a Style: An Application to the Architecture of Glenn Murcutt', Design Computing and Cognition '14, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland 589-604 (2015) [B1]
Journal article (29 outputs)
Lee JH, Ostwald MJ, Sher WD, Lee H, 'Developing strategic planning schemes for urban regeneration through mixed-use development in Seoul', International Planning Studies, 1-21 (2016)
Â© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis GroupWhilst the generic visions and directions of urban regeneration in cites are well documented, far less is understood a... [more]
Â© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis GroupWhilst the generic visions and directions of urban regeneration in cites are well documented, far less is understood about the strategic approaches to this issue which are being used in specific urban contexts. This paper investigates strategic planning schemes (SPSs) and visions for mixed-use development to support urban regeneration in Seoul (South Korea), using a combination of a literature review and a survey. The results contribute to understanding the construction of SPSs for future urban development as well as to improving strategic planning for urban regeneration on a wider scale.
Lee JH, Ostwald MJ, Gu N, 'The language of design: Spatial cognition and spatial language in parametric design', International Journal of Architectural Computing, 14 277-288 (2016) [C1]
Lee JH, Ostwald MJ, Gu N, 'A Justified Plan Graph (JPG) grammar approach to identifying spatial design patterns in an architectural style', Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, (2016)
Lee JH, Ostwald MJ, Gu N, 'A syntactical and grammatical approach to architectural configuration, analysis and generation', Architectural Science Review, (2015) [C1]
The combination of Space Syntax and Shape Grammar approaches to design potentially offers a rigorous way of first understanding a characteristic instance of architectural configur... [more]
The combination of Space Syntax and Shape Grammar approaches to design potentially offers a rigorous way of first understanding a characteristic instance of architectural configuration (say, a set of designs by an architect or a particular building type) and then producing variations of that instance. This paper presents a method that commences with a justified plan graph-grammar-based analysis of an architectural design, and then uses a grammatical interpretation of the structure of this syntax. Using this graph as a starting point, it is then possible to develop a 3D shape grammar of the same building. In this way, both syntactical and formal information are captured as part of the sequential analysis. This combined analytical approach can support a better understanding of an architectural style and its design instances as well as the generative capability of these two computational theories Â¿ Space Syntax and Shape Grammar. The paper introduces this combined method and then demonstrates it using 10 house designs by Glenn Murcutt.
Kim MJ, Lee JH, Wang X, Kim JT, 'Health Smart Home Services incorporating a MAR-based Energy Consumption Awareness System', Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems: Theory and Applications, 79 523-535 (2015) [C1]
Lee JH, Sher WD, Lee HS, Mak MY, Ostwald MJ, 'Strategic planning indicators: Towards mixed-use developments supporting urban regeneration in Seoul', Global Built Environment Review, 9 48-68 (2015) [C1]
Lee JH, Gu N, Ostwald M, 'Creativity and parametric design? Comparing designer's cognitive approaches with assessed levels of creativity', International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, 3 78-94 (2015) [C1]
Lee JH, Lee H, Kim MJ, Wang X, Love PED, 'Context-aware inference in ubiquitous residential environments', COMPUTERS IN INDUSTRY, 65 148-157 (2014) [C1]
Lee JH, Gu N, Williams AP, 'Parametric design strategies for the generation of creative designs', International Journal of Architectural Computing, 12 263-282 (2014) [C1]
Lee J, Song JH, Oh KS, Gu N, 'Information lifecycle management with RFID for material control on construction sites', Advanced Engineering Informatics, 27 108-119 (2013) [C1]
Yu R, Gu N, Lee JH, 'Comparing designers' behavior in responding to unexpected discoveries in parametric design environments and geometry modeling environments', International Journal of Architectural Computing, 11 393-414 (2013) [C1]
This paper presents a protocol study which compares designers' behaviors when unexpected discoveries appear in a parametric design environment (PDE) and a traditional geometry mod... [more]
This paper presents a protocol study which compares designers' behaviors when unexpected discoveries appear in a parametric design environment (PDE) and a traditional geometry modeling environment (GME). From the view of design situatedness, designers tend to adapt and respond to the design situation as it continuously changes during the design process. The hypothesis is that when unexpected discoveries appear, these changing design situations can significantly affect designers' cognitive activities. In this study, we are interested in exploring designers' behaviors in responding to these unexpected discoveries in PDEs, and further, to compare those behaviors in GMEs. An experiment was conducted in which five designers completed two similar design tasks respectively in a PDE and a GME. Applying the research method of protocol analysis, designers' behaviors in response to unexpected discoveries in these two design environments are compared and discussed.
|2013||Kim MJ, Lee J, Cho ME, 'Design Approaches to Virtual Architecture in a Digital Design Studio', Journal of Digital Design, 13 53-61 (2013) [C1]|
|Show 26 more journal articles|
Conference (21 outputs)
Lee JH, Gu N, Ostwald MJ, 'Mathematical Analysis and Grammatical Generation of Design Instances of MurcuttÂ¿s Domestic Architecture', Fifty years later: Revisiting the role of architectural science in design and practice: 50th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association 2016 (2016)
Lee JH, Ostwald MJ, Gu N, 'Analysing and Generating Instances of Wright's Prairie Houses: A Combined Syntactical and Grammatical Method', Nexus 2016 - Architecture and Mathematics Abstracts (2016)
Lee JH, Ostwald MJ, Gu N, 'MULTI-CULTURAL DESIGN COMMUNICATION: Exploring both cognitive and linguistic characteristics in the design process', Emerging Experience in Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia CAADRIA 2015 (2015) [E1]
Lee JH, Gu N, Jupp J, Sherratt S, 'Evaluating Creativity in Parametric Design Processes and Products: A Pilot Study', Design Computing and Cognition '12 (2014) [E1]
Lee J, Sher W, Mak M, 'Strategic Planning Indicators For Urban Regeneration: A Case Study On Mixed-Use Development In Seoul', Proceedings from the PRRES Conference (2013) [E1]
Lee J, Sher W, Mak M, Ostwald M, 'Strategic Planning Schemes Of Mixed-Use Developments To Support Urban Regeneration In South Korea', Proceedings from the PRRES Conference 2013 (2013) [E1]
Lee J, Gu N, Ostwald M, 'Architectural Design using Algorithmic Scripting: An Application of Linkographic Analysis Techniques', Cutting Edge:47th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association (2013) [E1]
Lee J, Kim MJ, Maher ML, 'Designing for interactive and collective mobile creativity', Proceedings of the 9th ACM Conference on Creativity & Cognition (2013) [E1]
Lee JH, Gu N, Ostwald MJ, Jupp J, 'Understanding Cognitive Activities in Parametric Design', Global Design and Local Materialization (2013) [E1]
Lee J, Ostwald M, Gu N, 'Combining Space Syntax and Shape Grammar to investigate architectural style: Considering Glenn Murcutt's domestic designs', Proceedings of 9th International Space Syntax Symposium (2013) [E1]
Lee J, Gu N, Williams A, 'Exploring Design Strategy in Parametric Design to Support Creativity', Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) (2013) [E1]
|2012||Lee J, Kim MJ, Chae HW, 'Mobile creativity: Interactive and collective processing in mobile AR environments', Abstracts book. Design Research Society (DRS) 2012 (2012) [E3]|
|2012||Lee J, Gu N, Jupp J, Sherratt SM, 'Towards a formal evaluation of creativity in parametric design process', Conference Proceedings: Design Research Society 2012: Bangkok (2012) [E1]|
|2011||Lee J, Gu N, Sherratt SM, 'Developing a framework for evaluating creativity in parametric design', Conference Proceedings 45th Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association (2011) [E1]|
|2011||Shih Y-T, Williams AP, Gu N, Lee J, 'A switching coding scheme for exploring design cognition in mixed media environments', Conference Proceedings 45th Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association ANZAScA (2011) [E1]|
Lee J, Kim MJ, 'A context immersion of mixed reality at a new stage', Circuit Bending, Breaking and Mending. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA) (2011) [E1]
|2011||Chae HH, Kim MJ, Lee J, Wang X, 'A work service model of the ubiquitous office', Circuit Bending, Breaking and Mending. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA) (2011) [E1]|
|2011||Kim MJ, Lee J, Gu N, 'Design collaboration for intelligent construction management in mobile augmented reality', Proceedings of the 28th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC 2011) (2011) [E1]|
|Show 18 more conferences|
Creative Work (6 outputs)
|2009||Lee J, Beam inside a Ginkgo Tree (participating in the fourth story of 'Pulse Â¿ Root' exhibition) (2009) [J2]|
|2005||Lee J, Line: Culture of Korea (Austria Vienna Republic Exhibition) (2005)|
|2004||Lee J, Communication 2004 (e-Mail 108 Exhibition) (2004)|
|Show 3 more creative works|
Thesis / Dissertation (2 outputs)
|2010||Lee J, A Study on the Planning Method of the Mixed-Use Complex considering the Contextual Marketing Strategy, Yonsei University (2010)|
|2006||Lee J, A Study on the Sensor Network for Health-Oriented Ubiquitous Housing, Yonsei University (2006)|
Number of supervisions
Total current UON EFTSL
|Commenced||Level of Study||Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type|
Report on Interoperable Building Information Models for Sustainable Design
PhD (Building), Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle
The map is a representation of a researchers co-authorship with collaborators across the globe. The map displays the number of publications against a country, where there is at least one co-author based in that country. Data is sourced from the University of Newcastle research publication management system (NURO) and may not fully represent the authors complete body of work.
|Country||Count of Publications|
|Korea, Republic of||7|
January 19, 2016
The University of Newcastle (UON) has achieved success in the latest round of Office of Learning and Teaching (OLT) funding for innovation and development projects.
Dr Juhyun Lee
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment
|Phone||(02) 492 17432|
|Fax||(02) 492 16913|
Callaghan, NSW 2308