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Miss Josephine Vaughan

Research Academic

School of Architecture and Built Environment

Career Summary

Biography

Research Expertise
The box-counting method for fractal analysis of architecture.

Qualifications

  • Bachelor of Architecture, University of Newcastle
  • Bachelor of Science (Architecture), University of Sydney

Keywords

  • Computational Analysis
  • Fractal Analysis
  • Frank Lloyd Wright
  • Visual Complexity

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
120199 Architecture not elsewhere classified 100

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Research Academic University of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia
Casual Academic University of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/01/2008 - 1/06/2008 Drawing Tutor University of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia
1/01/2007 -  Design Tutor University of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia
1/01/2000 - 1/12/2000 Design Tutor University of Newcastle
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Australia

Membership

Dates Title Organisation / Department
Associate Editor - Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal Common Ground Publishing
United States

Invitations

Speaker

Year Title / Rationale
2009 Research Seminar 09
Organisation: University Of Newcastle Description: Invited by Dr. Tessa Morrison to speak at Seminar
2008 A Computational Analysis of Fractal Dimensions in the Architecture of Eileen Gray
Organisation: The School of Architecture-Newcastle UNiversity Description: Invitation issued by Dr. Tessa Morrison
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Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Chapter (3 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2010 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'The mathematics of style in the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright: A computational, fractal analysis of formal complexity in fifteen domestic designs', Built Environment: Design Management and Applications, Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge 63-88 (2010) [B1]
Citations Scopus - 3
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2009 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'Visual qualities in early modern and late modern architecture: A mathematical comparison of formal complexity in the houses of Gray and Sejima', Computing, Cognition and Education: Recent Research in the Architectural Sciences, ANZAScA, Sydney, New South Wales 9-32 (2009) [B1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2008 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Tucker CC, 'Characteristic visual complexity: Fractal dimensions in the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright and Le Corbusier', Nexus VII: Architecture and Mathematics, Kim Williams Books, Turin, Italy 217-231 (2008) [B1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald, Chris Tucker

Journal article (10 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2014 Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'Measuring the significance of façade transparency in Australian regionalist architecture: A computational analysis of 10 designs by Glenn Murcutt', Architectural Science Review, 57 249-259 (2014) [C1]

Historians and critics argue that a key characteristic of late twentieth century Australian regionalist architecture is the close visual connection it creates between the interior... [more]

Historians and critics argue that a key characteristic of late twentieth century Australian regionalist architecture is the close visual connection it creates between the interior and the landscape. While various design properties are allegedly responsible for this connection, one of the most tangible of these is associated with the use of transparent and layered elements in a building's façade. Indeed, as exemplified in the work of Glenn Murcutt, the importance of façade transparency is a recurring theme in Australian architecture. But is it really that significant? In this paper, computational fractal analysis is used to measure the difference between the visual complexity of opaque and transparent depictions of façades. By comparing these two façade conditions, first in sets of elevations derived from 10 of Murcutt's houses and then in a detailed review of one of Murcutt's most iconic works, the Marie-Short House, this paper calculates the visual impact of transparency on the characteristic complexity of Murcutt's architecture.

DOI 10.1080/00038628.2014.940273
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2013 Ostwald MJ, Vaughan J, 'Representing architecture for fractal analysis: A framework for identifying significant lines', Architectural Science Review, 56 242-251 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/00038628.2013.810549
Citations Scopus - 3
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2013 Ostwald M, Vaughan J, 'Differentiating the whites: Using fractal analysis to investigate the visual properties of the architecture of John Hejduk and Peter Eisenman', Empirical Studies of the Arts, 31 21-43 (2013) [C1]

Architects John Hejduk and Peter Eisenman were members of the "New York Five" and of the famous late modernist group, the "Whites." Early in their careers, both Hejduk and Eisenma... [more]

Architects John Hejduk and Peter Eisenman were members of the "New York Five" and of the famous late modernist group, the "Whites." Early in their careers, both Hejduk and Eisenman proposed that form or shape (the aesthetics of architecture) was more important than program (the function of architecture) and they designed experimental houses to demonstrate this. The present article uses the computational fractal method to analyze 78 design drawings to develop a mathematical description of the visual complexity of five early domestic designs by each architect. These data will provide an important basis for empirical comparisons of buildings using characteristic visual dimensions. Through this process it is possible to test a variety of hypotheses about the visual and formal qualities of both architects' works. Among the article's conclusions are that the mathematical data typically supports both architect's claims about the formal properties of their designs while challenging several assumptions about scale and Deconstructivist architecture. © 2013 Baywood Publishing Co., Inc.

DOI 10.2190/EM.31.1.b
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2013 Ostwald M, Vaughan J, 'Limits and Errors: Optimising Image Pre-Processing Standards for Architectural Fractal Analysis', ArS Architecture Science, 7 1-19 (2013) [C1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2011 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'The mathematics of domestic modernism (1922-1934): An analysis of correlations between facade complexity, orientation, address and permeability', Design Principles & Practices: An International Journal, 4 143-162 (2011) [C1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2011 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'The relationship between the fractal dimension of plans and elevations in the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright: Comparing the Prairie Style, Textile Block and Usonian Periods', Architecture Science, 4 21-44 (2011) [C1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2010 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'A quantitative comparison between Wright's prairie style and triangle-plan usonian houses using fractal analysis', Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, 4 333-344 (2010) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 1
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2010 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Using fractal analysis to compare the characteristic complexity of nature and architecture: Re-examining the evidence', Architectural Science Review, 53 323-332 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.3763/asre.2010.0024
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 5
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2009 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Chalup SK, 'A computational investigation into the fractal dimensions of the architecture of Kazuyo Sejima', Design Principles & Practices: An International Journal, 3 231-244 (2009) [C1]
Co-authors Stephan Chalup, Michael Ostwald
2009 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'A quantitative comparison between the formal complexity of Le Corbusier's pre-modern (1905-1912) and early modern (1922-1928) architecture', Design Principles & Practices: An International Journal, 3 359-371 (2009) [C1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
Show 7 more journal articles

Conference (17 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2014 Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'Measuring the significance of façade transparency in Australian regionalist architecture: A computational analysis of 10 designs by Glenn Murcutt', Architectural Science Review (2014)
DOI 10.1080/00038628.2014.940273
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2014 Vaughan J, Ostwald M, 'Quantifying the changing visual experience of architecture: Combining Movement with Visual Complexity', Across: Architectural Research through to Practice: 48th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Genoa (2014) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2013 Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'VISUAL PERMEABILITY AND THE ARCHITECTURE OF GLENN MURCUTT: Comparing the characteristic complexity of opaque and transparent building facades', Cutting Edge in Architectural Science: Proceedings of the 47th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, Hong Kong (2013) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2012 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Significant lines: Measuring and representing architecture for computational analysis', Conference Proceedings. 46th Annual Conference of the Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA), Gold Coast, QLD (2012) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2011 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Chalup SK, 'Data flow and processing in the computational fractal analysis method', Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia. CAADRIA 2011, Newcastle, NSW (2011) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald, Stephan Chalup
2010 Vaughan JL, Ostwald MJ, 'Comparing Eisenman's House VI and Hejduk's House 7: A Mathematical Analysis of Formal Complexity in Plan and Elevation', Aesthetics + Design: 21st Biennial Congress of IAEA, Dresden (2010) [E3]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2010 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Refining a computational fractal method of analysis. Testing Bovill's architectural data', New Frontiers: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design in Asia, Hong Kong (2010) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2010 Vaughan J, Ostwald MJ, 'REFINING A COMPUTATIONAL FRACTAL METHOD OF ANALYSIS', PROCEEDINGS OF THE 15TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2010), Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Inst Space & Earth Informat Sci, Sch Architecture, Hong Kong, PEOPLES R CHINA (2010)
Citations Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2009 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'Calculating visual complexity in Peter Eisenman's architecture: A computational fractal analysis of five houses (1968-1976)', CAADRIA 2009: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), Yunlin, Taiwan (2009) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2009 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'A data-cluster analysis of facade complexity in the early house designs of Peter Eisenman', Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design: Proceedings of the 27th Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, Istanbul, Turkey (2009) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2009 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Refining the computational method for the evaluation of visual complexity in architectural images: Significant lines in the early architecture of Le Corbusier', Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design: Proceedings of the 27th Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, Istanbul, Turkey (2009) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2009 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Chalup SK, 'Data-cluster analysis of correlations between facade complexity and orientation in Modernist architecture', Conference Proceedings: 43rd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Launceston, TAS (2009) [E1]
Co-authors Stephan Chalup, Michael Ostwald
2009 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Nature and architecture: Revisiting the fractal collection in Amaysa and Sea Ranch', Conference Proceedings: 43rd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Launceston, TAS (2009) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2009 Ostwald MJ, Vaughan J, 'Calculating visual complexity in Peter Eisenman's architecture', 2009 TAIWAN CAADRIA: Between Man and Machine - Integration, Intuition, Intelligence - Proceedings of the 14th Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, Douliou, Yunlin, Taiwan (2009) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 5
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2008 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, Chalup SK, 'A computational analysis of fractal dimensions in the architecture of Eileen Gray', Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA), Minneapolis, MINN (2008) [E1]
Citations Scopus - 5
Co-authors Stephan Chalup, Michael Ostwald
2008 Ostwald M, Vaughan JL, 'Determining the fractal dimension of the architecture of Eileen Gray', ANZAScA 2008: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
2008 Vaughan JL, Ostwald M, 'Approaching Euclidean limits: A fractal analysis of the architecture of Kazuyo Sejima', ANZAScA 2008: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [E1]
Co-authors Michael Ostwald
Show 14 more conferences

Creative Work (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2008 Lobregat V, Vaughan JL, The Living Room: Back to the City, backtothecity.com.au, Newcastle, NSW (2008) [J2]
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Miss Josephine Vaughan

Positions

Research Academic
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment

Casual Academic
School of Architecture and Built Environment
Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment

Contact Details

Email josephine.vaughan@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 49854186
Fax (02) 4921 6913

Office

Room A120
Building Romberg
Location Callaghan
University Drive
Callaghan, NSW 2308
Australia
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