Ms Jennifer Powers


Faculty of Health and Medicine

Career Summary


As a Statistician with the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, I have a strong interest in modifiable factors that effect the health and well-being of women.

Specific statistical interests include methodological issues associated with longitudinal data analysis, missing data and problems of temporary or permanent attrition.

Research Expertise
Substantial statistical analysis of longitudinal data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) e.g longitudinal relationship of alcohol intake and health; Investigation of other methodological issues such as ways of handling missing data; Validation of scales used in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Womens Health; Assessment of representativeness and attrition in the cohorts of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Womens Health; Assessment of the effectiveness of linkage with the National Death Index.

Teaching Expertise
lectured biostatistics at the master of public health level

Jennifer Powers works within the PRC for Gender, Health and Ageing and collaborates with researchers at the University of Newcastle, the University of Queensland and the University of New South Wales.


  • Master of Medical Statistics, University of Newcastle
  • Bachelor of Science, Monash University
  • Associate Diploma in Applied Science, Northern Territory University


  • alcohol
  • biostatistics
  • epidemiology
  • statistics
  • women's health

Fields of Research

110399Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified50
111799Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified30
149999Economics not elsewhere classified20


For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.

Book (1 outputs)

2005Young AF, Powers JR, Australian Women and Alcohol Consumption: 1996-2003, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 76 (2005) [A2]
Co-authorsAnne Young

Journal article (46 outputs)

2015Hure AJ, Chojenta CL, Powers JR, Byles JE, Loxton D, 'Validity and Reliability of Stillbirth Data Using Linked Self-Reported and Administrative Datasets', JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 25 30-37 (2015)
DOI10.2188/jea.JE20140032Author URL
Co-authorsAlexis Hure, Julie Byles, Catherine Chojenta, Deborah Loxton
2015Powers JR, Anderson AE, Byles JE, Mishra G, Loxton DJ, 'Do women grow out of risky drinking? A prospective study of three cohorts of Australian women', Drug and Alcohol Review, (2015)

Introduction and Aims: To examine women's drinking behaviour relative to Australian guidelines and identify associated factors over the lifespan. Design and Methods: Data came from three prospective cohorts of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health aged 18-23 (n=14247), 45-50 (n=13715) and 70-75 years (n=12432) when first surveyed in 1996. The same women were re-surveyed at roughly 3-year intervals until 2012. At each survey, four drinking behaviours were based on two guidelines: long-term drinking (no more than two standard drinks per day) and episodic drinking (no more than four standard drinks on an occasion): (i) no risk (within both guidelines); (ii) low episodic risk (less than once a month); high episodic risk (at least once a month); long-term risk (more than two drinks per day regardless of episodic drinking). Results: No risk drinking increased with age, low episodic risk drinking remained almost constant between ages 18 and 39, and high episodic risk drinking declined rapidly. Few women drank at long-term risk. Factors associated with risky drinking varied with age; however, being a past or current smoker consistently increased the risk, and risks for smokers increased with age. Risky drinking was less likely to be practised by women providing care and needing help with daily tasks, or by pregnant women and those living with children. Discussion and Conclusions: Risky drinking behaviour should be addressed in younger women and in those who smoke. Interventions to reduce risky drinking, possibly in combination with reducing smoking, could be offered through general practice centres.

Co-authorsJulie Byles, Deborah Loxton, Amy Anderson
2015Powers JR, Dobson AJ, Berry HL, Graves AM, Hanigan IC, Loxton D, 'Lack of association between drought and mental health in a cohort of 45-61 year old rural Australian women.', Aust N Z J Public Health, (2015)
DOI10.1111/1753-6405.12369Author URL
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton
2014Mishra GD, Hockey R, Powers J, Loxton D, Tooth L, Rowlands I, et al., 'Recruitment via the internet and social networking sites: The 1989-1995 cohort of the Australian longitudinal study on women's health', Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16 (2014) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 2
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton, Julie Byles
2014Anderson AE, Hure AJ, Forder PM, Powers J, Kay-Lambkin FJ, Loxton DJ, 'Risky drinking patterns are being continued into pregnancy: a prospective cohort study.', PLoS One, 9 e86171 (2014) [C1]
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0086171Author URL
CitationsScopus - 2Web of Science - 3
Co-authorsAmy Anderson, Peta Forder, F Kaylambkin, Deborah Loxton, Alexis Hure
2013Loxton D, Powers J, Fitzgerald D, Forder P, Anderson A, Taft A, Hegarty K, 'The Community Composite Abuse Scale: Reliability and Validity of a Measure of Intimate Partner Violence in a Community Survey from the ALSWH', Journal of Women's Health, Issues & Care, 2 (2013) [C1]
Co-authorsAmy Anderson, Peta Forder, Deborah Loxton
2013Powers JR, McDermott LJ, Loxton DJ, Chojenta CL, 'A Prospective Study of Prevalence and Predictors of Concurrent Alcohol and Tobacco Use During Pregnancy', MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH JOURNAL, 17 76-84 (2013) [C1]
DOI10.1007/s10995-012-0949-3Author URL
CitationsScopus - 5Web of Science - 3
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton, Catherine Chojenta
2013Anderson AE, Hure AJ, Forder P, Powers JR, Kay-Lambkin FJ, Loxton DJ, 'Predictors of antenatal alcohol use among Australian women: A prospective cohort study', BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 120 1366-1374 (2013) [C1]

Objective To identify predictors of antenatal alcohol consumption among women who usually consume alcohol. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH). Population or Sample A total of 1969 women sampled from the ALSWH 1973-78 cohort. Methods Women were included if they were pregnant in 2000, 2003, 2006 or 2009. The relationship between antenatal alcohol consumption and sociodemographics, reproductive health, mental health, physical health, health behaviours, alcohol guidelines and healthcare factors was investigated using a multivariate logistic regression model. Main outcome measures Alcohol use during pregnancy. Results Most (82.0%) women continued to drink alcohol during pregnancy. Women were more likely to drink alcohol during pregnancy if they had consumed alcohol on a weekly basis before pregnancy (odds ratio [OR] 1.47; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.13-1.90), binge drank before pregnancy (OR 2.28; 95% CI 1.76-2.94), or if they were pregnant while alcohol guidelines recommended low alcohol versus abstinence (OR 1.60; 95% CI 1.26-2.03). Drinking during pregnancy was less likely if women had a Health Care Card (OR 0.63; 95% CI 0.45-0.88) or if they had ever had fertility problems (OR 0.64; 95% CI 0.48-0.86). Conclusions Most Australian women who drank alcohol continued to do so during pregnancy. Prepregnancy alcohol consumption was one of the main predictors of antenatal alcohol use. Alcohol guidelines, fertility problems and Health Care Card status also impacted antenatal alcohol consumption. © 2013 RCOG.

CitationsScopus - 7Web of Science - 6
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton, F Kaylambkin, Amy Anderson, Alexis Hure, Peta Forder
2013Loxton D, Chojenta C, Anderson AE, Powers JR, Shakeshaft A, Burns L, 'Acquisition and Utilization of Information About Alcohol Use in Pregnancy Among Australian Pregnant Women and Service Providers', Journal of Midwifery & Women¿s Health, 58 523-530 (2013) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 1Web of Science - 1
Co-authorsAmy Anderson, Deborah Loxton, Catherine Chojenta
2013Schofield MJ, Powers JR, Loxton D, 'Mortality and Disability Outcomes of Self-Reported Elder Abuse: A 12-Year Prospective Investigation', Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61 679-685 (2013) [C1]
DOI10.1111/jgs.12212Author URL
CitationsScopus - 7Web of Science - 5
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton
2013Powers JR, Loxton DJ, O'Mara AT, Chojenta CL, Ebert L, 'Regardless of where they give birth, women living in non-metropolitan areas are less likely to have an epidural than their metropolitan counterparts', WOMEN AND BIRTH, 26 E77-E81 (2013) [C1]
DOI10.1016/j.wombi.2012.12.001Author URL
CitationsScopus - 2Web of Science - 2
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton, Catherine Chojenta, Lyn Ebert
2013Hure AJ, Powers JR, Chojenta CL, Byles JE, Loxton D, 'Poor Adherence to National and International Breastfeeding Duration Targets in an Australian Longitudinal Cohort', PLOS ONE, 8 (2013) [C1]
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0054409Author URL
CitationsScopus - 1Web of Science - 1
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton, Catherine Chojenta, Julie Byles, Alexis Hure
2012Powers JR, Loxton DJ, Baker J, Rich JL, Dobson AJ, 'Empirical evidence suggests adverse climate events have not affected Australian women's health and well-being', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 36 452-457 (2012) [C1]
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton, Jane Rich
2012Anderson AE, Hure AJ, Powers JR, Kay-Lambkin FJ, Loxton DJ, 'Determinants of pregnant women's compliance with alcohol guidelines: A prospective cohort study', BMC Public Health, 12 1-10 (2012) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 8Web of Science - 6
Co-authorsF Kaylambkin, Alexis Hure, Amy Anderson, Deborah Loxton
2012Hure AJ, Powers JR, Mishra GD, Herbert DL, Byles JE, Loxton DJ, 'Miscarriage, preterm delivery, and stillbirth: Large variations in rates within a cohort of Australian women', PLOS One, 7 1-8 (2012) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 6Web of Science - 6
Co-authorsJulie Byles, Deborah Loxton, Alexis Hure
2011Mackerras D, Powers JR, Boorman J, Loxton DJ, Giles GG, 'Estimating the impact of mandatory fortification of bread with iodine on pregnant and post-partum women', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 65 1118-1122 (2011) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 8Web of Science - 7
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton
2011Burns L, Black E, Powers JR, Loxton DJ, Elliott E, Shakeshaft A, Dunlop AJ, 'Geographic and maternal characteristics associated with alcohol use in pregnancy', Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 35 1-8 (2011) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 7Web of Science - 3
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton
2010Powers JR, Loxton DJ, Burns LA, Shakeshaft A, Elliott EJ, Dunlop AJ, 'Assessing pregnant women's compliance with different alcohol guidelines: An 11-year prospective study', Medical Journal of Australia, 192 690-693 (2010) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 13Web of Science - 13
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton
2010Powers JR, Loxton DJ, 'The impact of attrition in an 11-Year prospective longitudinal study of younger women', Annals of Epidemiology, 20 318-321 (2010) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 40Web of Science - 37
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton
2010Lucke JC, Brown W, Tooth L, Loxton DJ, Byles JE, Spallek M, et al., 'Health across generations: Findings from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health', Biological Research for Nursing, 12 162-170 (2010) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 7Web of Science - 7
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton, Julie Byles
2009Loxton DJ, Powers JR, Schofield M, Hussain R, Hosking SJ, 'Inadequate cervical cancer screening among mid-aged Australian women who have experienced partner violence', Preventive Medicine, 48 184-188 (2009) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 7Web of Science - 8
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton
2009Allan RC, Sayers S, Powers JR, Singh G, 'The development and evaluation of a simple method of gestational age estimation', Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 45 15-19 (2009) [C1]
2008Furuya H, Young AF, Powers JR, Byles JE, 'Alcohol consumption and physical health-related quality of life in elder women using the transformation of SF-36 to account for death', Japanese Journal of Alcohol Studies & Drug Dependence, 43 97-109 (2008) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 2
Co-authorsJulie Byles, Anne Young
2008Powers JR, Young AF, 'Longitudinal analysis of alcohol consumption and health of middle-aged women in Australia', Addiction, 103 424-432 (2008) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 21Web of Science - 19
Co-authorsAnne Young
2007Clemens SL, Matthews SL, Young AF, Powers JR, 'Alcohol consumption of Australian women: Results from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health', Drug and Alcohol Review, 26 525-535 (2007) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 8Web of Science - 8
Co-authorsAnne Young
2007Young AF, Powers JR, Wheway VL, 'Working with longitudinal data: Attrition and retention, data quality, measures of change and other analytical issues', International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches, 1 175-187 (2007) [C1]
Co-authorsAnne Young
2007Baines SK, Powers JR, Brown WJ, 'How does the health and well-being of young Australian vegetarian and semi-vegetarian women compare with non-vegetarians?', Public Health Nutrition, 10 436-442 (2007) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 27Web of Science - 23
Co-authorsSurinder Baines
2007Helman J, Loxton DJ, Adamson LR, Graves AM, Powers JR, 'Conducting substudies in a longitudinal research project', International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches, 1 187-198 (2007) [C1]
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton
2006Young AF, Powers JR, Bell SL, 'Attrition in longitudinal studies: who do you lose?', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 30 353-361 (2006) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 77Web of Science - 72
Co-authorsAnne Young
2006Byles JE, Powers JR, Chojenta CL, Warner-Smith PA, 'Older women in Australia: ageing in urban, rural and remote environments', Australasian Journal on Ageing, 25 151-157 (2006) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 14Web of Science - 9
Co-authorsCatherine Chojenta, Julie Byles
2005Powers JR, Mishra G, Young AF, 'Differences in mail and telephone responses to self-rated health: use of multiple imputation in correcting for response bias', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 29 149-154 (2005) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 14Web of Science - 11
Co-authorsAnne Young
2004France CA, Lee CE, Powers JR, 'Correlates of depressive symptoms in a representative sample of young Australian women', Australian Psychologist, 39 228-237 (2004) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 20Web of Science - 15
2004Young AF, Russell A, Powers JR, 'The sense of belonging to a neighbourhood: can it be measured and is it related to health and well being in older women?', Social Science and Medicine, 59 2627-2637 (2004) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 67Web of Science - 54
Co-authorsAnne Young
2004Powers JR, Goodger BG, Byles JE, 'Assessment of the abbreviated Duke Social Support Index in a cohort of older Australian women', Australasian Journal on Ageing, 23 71-76 (2004) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 14Web of Science - 12
Co-authorsJulie Byles
2003Powers JR, Young AF, Russell A, Pachana NA, 'Implications of non-response of older women to a short form of the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale', International Journal of Aging & Human Development, 57 37-54 (2003) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 5Web of Science - 5
Co-authorsAnne Young
2003Powers JR, Young AF, 'Beware mixing mail and telephone administration of surveys', Australasian Epidemiologist, 10 41-44 (2003) [C2]
Co-authorsAnne Young
2002Patterson AJ, Young AF, Powers JR, Brown W, Byles J, 'Relationships between nutrition screening checklists and the health and well-being of older Australian women', Public Health Nutrition, 5(1) 65-71 (2002) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 15Web of Science - 12
Co-authorsAmanda Patterson, Anne Young, Julie Byles
2002Schofield M, Reynolds R, Mishra G, Powers JR, Dobson A, 'Screening for Vulnerability to Abuse among Older Women: Women's Health Australia Study', The Journal of Applied Gerontology, 21(1) 24-39 (2002) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 29Web of Science - 15
2002Feldman S, Byles J, Mishra GD, Powers JR, 'The health and social needs of recently widowed older women in Australia', Australasian Journal on Ageing, 21(3) 135-140 (2002) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 4Web of Science - 3
Co-authorsJulie Byles
2002Lee CE, Powers JR, 'Number of Social Roles, Health, and Well-being in Three Generations of Australian Women', International Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 9 195-215 (2002) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 36Web of Science - 32
2001Brown P, Brown W, Powers JR, 'Time pressure, satisfaction with leisure and health among Australian women', Annals of Leisure Research, 4 1-18 (2001) [C1]
2000McFadden M, Powers JR, Brown WJ, Walker M, 'Vehicle And Driver Attributes Affecting Distance From The Steering Wheel In Motor Vehicles', HUMAN FACTORS, 42(4) 676-682 (2000) [C1]
CitationsWeb of Science - 11
CitationsScopus - 51Web of Science - 52
2000Patterson AJ, Brown W, Powers J, Roberts DC, 'Iron deficiency, general health and fatigue: results from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health', Quality of Life Research, 9 491-497 (2000) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 41Web of Science - 40
Co-authorsAmanda Patterson
1999Dobson AJ, Brown WJ, Ball JI, Powers JR, McFadden M, 'Women Drivers' Behaviour, Socio-Demographic Characteristics And Accidents', ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION, 31 525-535 (1999) [C1]
CitationsScopus - 60Web of Science - 50
1998Brown WJ, Ball K, Powers JR, 'Is life a party for young women?', ACHPER HEALTHY LIFESTYLES JOURNAL, 45(3) 21-26 (1998) [C1]
Show 43 more journal articles

Conference (3 outputs)

2012Anderson AE, Loxton DJ, Kay-Lambkin FJ, Powers JR, 'Compliance with alcohol guidelines for pregnant women: Using data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health', Journal of Women's Health, Washington, DC (2012) [E3]
Co-authorsF Kaylambkin, Deborah Loxton, Amy Anderson
2011Byles JE, Dolja-Gore X, Powers JR, Loxton DJ, Dobson A, 'Pap tests and mammograms: Are there urban/rural differences in take-up in women?', Posters - Abstracts. 11th National Rural Health Conference, Perth, WA (2011) [E3]
Co-authorsJulie Byles, Deborah Loxton
2009Powers JR, Loxton DJ, 'Does wave non-response affect the results in longitudinal studies?', Australasian Epidemiologist, Dunedin, NZ (2009) [E3]
Co-authorsDeborah Loxton

Report (1 outputs)

2012Dobson A, Byles JE, Brown W, Mishra G, Loxton DJ, Hockey R, et al., 'Adherence to health guidelines: Findings from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health', Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, 90 (2012) [R1]
Co-authorsJulie Byles, Amy Anderson, Catherine Chojenta, Deborah Loxton, Alexis Hure

Grants and Funding


Number of grants6
Total funding$165,308

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.

20111 grants / $34,550

The mental health of women who binge drink$34,550

Funding body: NSW Health

Funding bodyNSW Health
Project TeamMs Jennifer Powers, Associate Professor Deb Loxton
SchemeDrug and Alcohol Council Research Grants Program
Funding Start2011
Funding Finish2011
Type Of FundingOther Public Sector - State

20091 grants / $1,500

Australasian Epidemiological Association Scientific Meeting, Dunedin, New Zealand, 30 August - 1 September 2009$1,500

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Health and Medicine

Funding bodyUniversity of Newcastle - Faculty of Health and Medicine
Project TeamMs Jennifer Powers
SchemeTravel Grant
Funding Start2009
Funding Finish2009
Type Of FundingInternal

20081 grants / $6,813

Iodine-related food intake among pregnant, breastfeeding and other women$6,813

Funding body: Food Standards Australia New Zealand

Funding bodyFood Standards Australia New Zealand
Project TeamMs Jennifer Powers
SchemeProject Grant
Funding Start2008
Funding Finish2008
Type Of FundingOther Public Sector - Commonwealth

20071 grants / $49,854

Alcohol use in pregnancy$49,854

Funding body: NSW Health

Funding bodyNSW Health
Project TeamDr Lucy Burns, Ms Jennifer Powers
SchemeDrug and Alcohol Council Research Grants Program
Funding Start2007
Funding Finish2007
Type Of FundingOther Public Sector - State

20061 grants / $30,091

Analysis of the role of alcohol consumption in poor mental health among middle aged women in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health 1996-2004$30,091

Funding body: Australian Brewers Foundation

Funding bodyAustralian Brewers Foundation
Project TeamAssociate Professor Anne Young, Ms Jennifer Powers
SchemeAlcohol-related Medical Research Grant
Funding Start2006
Funding Finish2006
Type Of FundingContract - Aust Non Government

20051 grants / $42,500

Data provision for the Women's Data Warehouse $42,500

Funding body: Department of Family and Community Services

Funding bodyDepartment of Family and Community Services
Project TeamAssociate Professor Deb Loxton, Ms Jennifer Powers, Associate Professor Anne Young
Funding Start2005
Funding Finish2005
Type Of FundingOther Public Sector - State

Ms Jennifer Powers


Faculty of Health and Medicine

Contact Details
Phone(02) 40420677